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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918850/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-interprofessional-learning-activity
#1
Ellen L Luebbers, Mary A Dolansky, Anton Vehovec, Gayle Petty
Implementation of large-scale, meaningful interprofessional learning activities for pre-licensure students has significant barriers and requires novel approaches to ensure success. To accomplish this goal, faculty at Case Western Reserve University, Ohio, USA, used the Ottawa Model of Research Use (OMRU) framework to create, improve, and sustain a community-based interprofessional learning activity for large numbers of medical students (N = 177) and nursing students (N = 154). The model guided the process and included identification of context-specific barriers and facilitators, continual monitoring and improvement using data, and evaluation of student learning outcomes as well as programme outcomes...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779904/food-and-culinary-knowledge-and-skills-perceptions-of-undergraduate-dietetic-students
#2
Marcia J Cooper, Leanne Mezzabotta, Joseph Murphy
PURPOSE: The objective of the current study was to examine food and culinary skills and knowledge of dietetic students. METHODS: An online bilingual survey was created using Survey Monkey(TM) to explore the skills, knowledge, and perceptions of undergraduate dietetic students regarding food and cooking. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to compare skills and knowledge of food and culinary concepts. RESULTS: The final sample included second- (n = 22) and third-year (n = 22) students within the Baccalauréat specialisé en sciences de la nutrition program at the University of Ottawa...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744276/rethinking-the-financing-of-healthcare-in-canada
#3
D Wayne Taylor
Canadians need to talk about their healthcare, about who pays for what, when. Lack of money is not the issue; how that money is spent is the issue-what public healthcare is covering and not covering. The same dollar amount can be spent quite differently and more effectively. The 1950s first-dollar, single-payor decision shifted the burden from the individual to government, but a lot has changed since the 1950s. Today Medicare is not universal, comprehensive, reasonably accessible, or portable. With residual constitutional power residing in Ottawa, there is no reason for the fragmentation and inequalities facing Canadians...
October 15, 2016: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712737/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-pharmacoinvasive-strategy-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a%C3%A2-patient-population-study-comparing-a-pharmacoinvasive-strategy-with-a-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-strategy-within-a-regional%C3%A2-system
#4
Mohammed K Rashid, Nita Guron, Jordan Bernick, George A Wells, Melissa Blondeau, Aun-Yeong Chong, Alexander Dick, Michael P V Froeschl, Chris A Glover, Benjamin Hibbert, Marino Labinaz, Jean-François Marquis, Christina Osborne, Derek Y So, Michel R Le May
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the safety and efficacy of a pharmacoinvasive strategy compared with a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the context of a real-world system. BACKGROUND: Primary PCI continues to be the optimal reperfusion therapy; however, in areas where PCI centers are not readily available, a pharmacoinvasive strategy has been proposed. METHODS: The University of Ottawa Heart Institute regional STEMI system provides a primary PCI strategy for patients presenting within a 90-km radius from the PCI center, and a pharmacoinvasive strategy for patients outside this limit...
October 10, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646528/preparing-anesthesiology-faculty-for-competency-based-medical-education
#5
Amy B Fraser, Emma J Stodel, Robert Jee, Daniel A Dubois, Alan J Chaput
PURPOSE: Competency-based medical education (CBME) is quickly becoming the dominant organizing principle for medical residency programs. As CBME requires changes in the way medical education is delivered, faculty will need to acquire new skills in teaching and assessment in order to navigate the transition. In this paper, we examine the evidence supporting best practices in faculty development, propose strategies for faculty development for CBME-based residency programs, and discuss the results of faculty development initiatives at the pioneering anesthesia CBME residency program at the University of Ottawa...
September 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636354/how-different-marker-sets-affect-joint-angles-in-inverse-kinematics-framework
#6
Giulia Mantovani, Mario Lamontagne
The choice of marker set is a source of variability in motion analysis. Studies exist that assess the performance of marker sets when direct kinematics is used, but these results cannot be extrapolated to the inverse kinematic framework. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the sensitivity of kinematic outcomes to inter-marker set variability in an inverse kinematic framework. The compared marker sets were Plug-in-Gait, University of Ottawa Motion Analysis Model and a 3-marker-cluster marker set...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462905/cost-analysis-of-universal-screening-vs-risk-factor-based-screening-for-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa
#7
Virginia R Roth, Tara Longpre, Doug Coyle, Kathryn N Suh, Monica Taljaard, Katherine A Muldoon, Karamchand Ramotar, Alan Forster
BACKGROUND: The literature remains conflicted regarding the most effective way to screen for MRSA. This study was designed to assess costs associated with universal versus risk factor-based screening for the reduction of nosocomial MRSA transmission. METHODS: The study was conducted at The Ottawa Hospital, a large multi-centre tertiary care facility with approximately 47,000 admissions annually. From January 2006-December 2007, patients underwent risk factor-based screening for MRSA on admission...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446836/split-dose-polyethylene-glycol-is-superior-to-single-dose-for-colonoscopy-preparation-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Rachid Mohamed, Robert J Hilsden, Catherine Dube, Alaa Rostom
Background. The efficacy of colonoscopy in detecting abnormalities within the colon is highly dependent on the adequacy of the bowel preparation. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of PEG lavage and split-dose PEG lavage with specific emphasis on the cleanliness of the right colon. Methods. The study was a prospective, randomized, two-arm, controlled trial of 237 patients. Patients between the age of 50 and 75 years were referred to an outpatient university screening clinic for colonoscopy...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398772/towards-a-common-understanding-of-the-health-sciences
#9
G Stucki, S Rubinelli, J D Reinhardt, J E Bickenbach
OBJECTIVE: The aim of health sciences is to maintain and improve the health of individuals and populations and to limit disability. Health research has expanded astoundingly over the last century and a variety of scientific disciplines rooted in very different scientific and intellectual traditions has contributed to these goals. To allow health scientists to fully contextualize their work and engage in interdisciplinary research, a common understanding of the health sciences is needed...
September 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279506/comparison-of-medial-versus-lateral-meniscus-allograft-transplantation-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Guo Wei, Jie Liang, Neng Ru, Yu-Peng Li, Zheng-Hui Shang, Jian-Feng Chen
OBJECTIVES: To perform a literature review and meta-analysis evaluating the effectiveness of medial and lateral meniscus allograft transplantation (MAT). METHODS: The literature review and meta-analysis were conducted between August and October 2015 in the People's Hospital of China Three Gorges University, Yi Chang, China. A systematic search was performed in the Medline and EMBASE databases, and the Cochrane Library for relevant literature published through October 2015...
June 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184962/provision-of-dementia-related-services-in-canada-a-comparative-study
#11
Helen Tam-Tham, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, James Silvius, William Dalziel, Linda Garcia, Frank Molnar, Neil Drummond
BACKGROUND: Dementia is common, particularly among older adults, and is one of the major causes of dependency later in life. We sought to provide an overview and comparison of key services related to dementia care as the disease progresses in three large Canadian healthcare centres. METHODS: We identified family physicians, geriatric specialists, and dementia case managers from three major population centres in Canada with universal healthcare coverage. Using a standardized longitudinal dementia case vignette, participants were interviewed on services they would provide at each stage of the disease...
May 17, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169703/from-normal-response-to-clinical-problem-definition-and-clinical-features-of-fear-of-cancer-recurrence
#12
Sophie Lebel, Gozde Ozakinci, Gerald Humphris, Brittany Mutsaers, Belinda Thewes, Judith Prins, Andreas Dinkel, Phyllis Butow
PURPOSE: Research to date on fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) shows that moderate to high FCR affects 22-87 % of cancer survivors and is associated with higher psychological morbidity (Simard et al J Cancer Surviv 7:300-322, 2013). Despite growing research interest in FCR, the lack of consensus on its definition and characteristics when it reaches a clinical level has impeded knowledge transfer into patient services. METHODS: In order to address these gaps, expert researchers, policy makers, trainees, and patient advocates attended a 2-day colloquium at the University of Ottawa in August 2015...
August 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125333/clinical-outcomes-of-hiv-exposed-hiv-uninfected-children-in-sub-saharan-africa
#13
REVIEW
Stanzi M le Roux, Elaine J Abrams, Kelly Nguyen, Landon Myer
OBJECTIVE: HIV-exposed but HIV-uninfected (HEU) children are widely considered at increased risk of mortality and morbidity. Recent advances in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) strategies, incorporating life-long universal maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART, "Option B+") with extended breastfeeding, may improve HEU child health substantially. We critically reviewed reports of mortality/morbidity among HEU and HIV-unexposed (HU) children in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Academic Search Premier, Global Health & Psychosocial Instruments databases, conference abstracts, and reference lists for longitudinal studies from sub-Saharan Africa reporting mortality and clinical morbidity among HIV-uninfected children aged ≤10 years, by maternal HIV status...
July 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085262/type-1-boston-keratoprosthesis-outcomes-at-two-canadian-centres
#14
Christopher W Noel, Jordan Isenberg, Yakov Goldich, Ronan Conlon, Joshua Teichman, Daniel A Rubinger, Tessa A I Weinberg, Jaclyn Slomovic, Clara C Chan, David S Rootman, Kashif M Baig, Allan R Slomovic
OBJECTIVES: To report the outcomes of patients who underwent Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis (Kpro) surgery at the University Health Network (Toronto, Ont.) and the University of Ottawa Eye Institute (Ottawa, Ont.) between June 2008 and July 2013. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four eyes of 43 patients who underwent Kpro surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all Kpro procedures performed by 4 attending cornea surgeons...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27060087/a-qualitative-study-exploring-mentorship-in-anesthesiology-perspectives-from-both-sides-of-the-relationship
#15
Sarika Alisic, Sylvain Boet, Stephanie Sutherland, M Dylan Bould
PURPOSE: Mentorship has been shown to improve career satisfaction, research productivity, and retention of academic physicians. There is a current lack of studies investigating factors that either promote or hinder effective mentoring relationships through the perspectives of both faculty and residents. The aim of this study was to ascertain these factors and subsequently to provide guidance on designing residency mentorship programs. METHODS: We used a qualitative design to examine mentorship experiences at the University of Ottawa Department of Anesthesiology and conducted semi-structured interviews with 11 residents and 12 faculty in the mentorship program...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048500/the-effects-of-hiv-self-testing-on-the-uptake-of-hiv-testing-and-linkage-to-antiretroviral-treatment-among-adults-in-africa-a-systematic-review-protocol
#16
Bernard Njau, Damian J Damian, Leila Abdullahi, Andrew Boulle, Catherine Mathews
BACKGROUND: HIV is still a global public health problem. More than 75 % of HIV-infected people are in Africa, and most of them are unaware of their HIV status, which is a barrier to accessing antiretroviral treatment. Our review aims, firstly, to determine whether HIV self-testing is an effective method to increase the uptake of testing, the yield of new HIV-positive diagnoses, and the linkage to antiretroviral treatment. Secondly, we aim to review the factors that facilitate or impede the uptake of HIV self-testing...
2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27044399/curriculum-reform-for-residency-training-competence-change-and-opportunities-for-leadership
#17
Amy B Fraser, Emma J Stodel, Alan J Chaput
PURPOSE: Certain pressures stemming from within the medical community and from society in general, such as the need for increased accountability in resident training and restricted resident duty hours, have prompted a re-examination of methods for training physicians. Leaders in medical education in North America and around the world champion competency-based medical education (CBME) as a solution. The Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Ottawa launched Canada's first CBME program for anesthesiology residents on July 1, 2015...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27036134/impacted-and-transmigrant-mandibular-canines-incidence-aetiology-and-treatment-a-systematic-review
#18
Domenico Dalessandri, Simone Parrini, Rachele Rubiano, Diletta Gallone, Marco Migliorati
BACKGROUND: The incidence of impacted and transmigrant mandibular canines in the mandible is not as high as that in the maxilla; consequently, it is more difficult to find clinical guidelines derived from sound studies based on large patient samples. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to summarize currently available data pertaining to the incidence and aetiology of impacted and transmigrant mandibular canines and the success rates of different treatment strategies...
April 1, 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976904/history-of-the-athens-canadian-random-bred-and-the-athens-random-bred-control-populations
#19
K E Collins, H L Marks, S E Aggrey, M P Lacy, J L Wilson
The University of Georgia maintains two meat-type chicken control strains: the Athens Random Bred (ARB) and the Athens Canadian Random Bred (ACRB). The Athens Random Bred was developed from colored plumage commercial meat chicken strains in 1956. The ACRB is a replicate population of the Ottawa Meat Control strain which was developed in 1955 from white plumage commercial meat-type chickens. These genetic lines have been extremely valuable research resources and have been used extensively to provide comparative context to modern meat-type strains...
May 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913885/associate-professor-eduard-neubauer-the-first-nephrologist-in-slovak-republic
#20
Miroslav Mydlík, Katarína Derzsiová
AssociateProfessor Eduard Neubauer, MD, PhD. worked from 1945 to the end of 1964 at the Department of Internal Medicine of Faculty Hospital and Medical School of P. J. afrik University in Kosice, which was led by Professor Frantiek Pr. During this period he was dealing with clinical and experimental nephrology, as the first in Kosice and in Slovak Republic also. In 1954 he founded the Clinical Nephrological Laboratory according to the model of Prague laboratories led by ProfessorJan Brod. He devoted himself to functional examination of kidneys...
February 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
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