keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IAH

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694568/the-role-of-routine-measurement-of-intra-abdominal-pressure-in-preventing-abdominal-compartment-syndrome
#1
G Raghavendra Prasad, J V Subba Rao, Amtul Aziz, T M Rashmi
INTRODUCTION: Abdomen, a closed compartment, is prone to raised intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in the postoperative period. After a critical value of ≥ 15 cm of water, IAP produces abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). ACS leads to reduced venous return, reduced cardiac output, and domino effect of organ dysfunction, leading to death. Hence, it is the need of hour to monitor IAP to pick up intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and ACS. This routine facilitates early institution of treatment measures...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692628/genetic-determinants-of-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycemia-in-type-1-diabetes
#2
Bas J Schouwenberg, Marieke J Coenen, Andrew D Paterson, Cees J Tack, Paul Smits, Cornelis Kramers, Bastiaan E de Galan
OBJECTIVE: It is likely that impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH) and severe hypoglycemia are in part determined by genetic factors. The aim of this study was to investigate candidate genes for associations with IAH and severe hypoglycemia in a cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with type 1 diabetes were genotyped for single-nucleotide polymorphisms in or near the genes for the β1 and β2 adrenergic receptor (ADRB1, ADRB2), SORCS1, and BNC2, and for the insertion/deletion polymorphism in the ACE gene...
July 7, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685797/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-the-right-ventricle
#3
Lilia Zakhama, Besma Herbegue, Maher Abouda, Saoussen Antit, Iskander Slama, Elhem Boussabah, Moez Thameur, Mourad Masmoudi, Nabil Abdelaali, Mohamed Ridha Charfi, Soraya Ben Youssef
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) involvement in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OAS) is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine a correlation between echocardiographic parameters of RV function and severity of OSA assessed by the apnea- hypopnea index (AHI). METHODS: Sixty patients with suspected OSA were enrolled. All patients had overnight polygraphy and an echocardiographic assessment of RV structure and function. Patients were divided into three groups: a control group (n=20) with an AHI<5/h, a group of mild to moderate OSA (n=18) with an AHI=5-30/h and a group of severe OSA (n=22) with AHI≥30/h...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673010/rhubarb-vs-glycerin-enema-for-treatment-of-critically-ill-patients-with-intra-abdominal-hypertension
#4
Bing Wan, Hao Zhang, Jiangtao Yin, Haiyan Fu, Yikun Chen, Liping Yang, Dadong Liu, Tangfeng Lv, Yong Song
Rhubarb has been used as an evacuant for thousands of years. However, recent research has indicated that rhubarb inhibits inflammation and protects organ function. In the current study, the use of rhubarb was investigated in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). Specifically, its dual role in attenuating lung and bowel injury by catharsis and inhibiting inflammation was evaluated. Patients in the glycerin group (n=56) received 110 ml of glycerin enema by coloclysis once daily for 7 to 9 days. Patients in the rhubarb group (n=56) were treated with a mixture of 0...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634533/a-study-to-evaluate-the-prevalence-of-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycaemia-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-outpatient-clinic-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-singapore
#5
Ling Zhu, Li Chang Ang, Wee Boon Tan, Xiaohui Xin, Yong Mong Bee, Su-Yen Goh, Ming Ming Teh
BACKGROUND: Impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia (IAH) predisposes affected patients to severe hypoglycaemia. There are few data on prevalence of IAH in adults with insulin-treated type 2 diabetes in Asia. We aim to ascertain the prevalence of IAH among insulin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes in an outpatient clinic in a tertiary care centre in Singapore. METHODS: A total of 374 patients with insulin-treated type 2 diabetes attending the outpatient diabetes clinic in a tertiary referral centre in Singapore were recruited over a 4-month period...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618765/the-influence-of-intraabdominal-pressure-on-the-mortality-rate-of-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#6
Petar Svorcan, Maja Stojanovic, Predrag Stevanovic, Aleksadar Karamarkovic, Radmilo Jankovic, Nebojsa Ladjevic
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intraabdominal hypertension (IAH) is a common clinical finding in patients with acute pancreatitis and is associated with poor prognosis. This study aimed to determine the impact of intraabdominal pressure (IAP) on the mortality rate in patients with acute pancreatitis in an intensive care unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients with acute pancreatitis were included in this prospective cohort study. Based on the obtained values of IAP, the patients were divided into two groups: those with normal IAP (n = 14) and increased IAP (n = 36)...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614762/intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-pediatrics-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Farah Chedly Thabet, Janeth Chiaka Ejike
PURPOSE: To consolidate pediatric intensivists' understanding of the pathophysiology, definition, incidence, monitoring, and management of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS); and to highlight the characteristics related to the pediatric population. METHODS: This is a narrative review article that utilized a systematic search of the medical literature published in the English language between January 1990 and august 2016. Studies were identified by conducting a comprehensive search of Pub Med databases...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542657/-polygraphy-in-hospitalized-children-under-3-months
#8
Daniel Zenteno, Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Ignacio Molina, Rubén Peña, Carla Rivas, Jaime Tapia, Pablo Brockmann
Apnea and apparently lethal events have great etiological diversity thus complementary tests may help diagnosis. The aim of this study was to describe the results of polygraph studies of children under 3 months hospitalized with suspected apnea. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective case series. Children under 3 months with suspected apnea were considered and in whom a polygraphy (PG) was performed during hospitalization. General data, the apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), index of central. apnea, obstructive apnea index, average and minimum saturation were recorded...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542443/effects-of-pressure-support-and-pressure-controlled-ventilation-on-lung-damage-in-a-model-of-mild-extrapulmonary-acute-lung-injury-with-intra-abdominal-hypertension
#9
Cintia L Santos, Raquel S Santos, Lillian Moraes, Cynthia S Samary, Nathane S Felix, Johnatas D Silva, Marcelo M Morales, Robert Huhle, Marcelo G Abreu, Alberto Schanaider, Pedro L Silva, Paolo Pelosi, Patricia R M Rocco
Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) may co-occur with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), with significant impact on morbidity and mortality. Lung-protective controlled mechanical ventilation with low tidal volume and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has been recommended in ARDS. However, mechanical ventilation with spontaneous breathing activity may be beneficial to lung function and reduce lung damage in mild ARDS. We hypothesized that preserving spontaneous breathing activity during pressure support ventilation (PSV) would improve respiratory function and minimize ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) compared to pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) in mild extrapulmonary acute lung injury (ALI) with IAH...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502073/early-impact-of-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-on-liver-kidney-and-lung-damage-in-a-rodent-model
#10
Ricardo Lima, Pedro L Silva, Vera L Capelozzi, Mariana G Oliveira, Maria Cristina E Santana, Fernanda F Cruz, Paolo Pelosi, Alberto Schanaider, Manu L N G Malbrain, Patricia R M Rocco
BACKGROUND: Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) sometimes occurs in critically ill patients following damage control surgery. The purpose of the present study was to develop a model of ACS and to evaluate its pathologic impact on liver, kidney, and lung morphology. METHODS: Twenty Wistar rats (mass 300-350 g) were randomly divided into four groups: 1) intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH): a laparotomy was performed and the abdomen packed with cotton until an intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) of 15 mm Hg was reached; 2) hypovolemia (HYPO): blood was withdrawn until a mean arterial pressure ~60 mm Hg was reached; 3) IAH + HYPO (to resemble clinical ACS); and 4) sham surgery...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502072/the-effects-of-nursing-activities-on-the-intra-abdominal-pressure-of-patients-at-risk-for-intra-abdominal-hypertension
#11
Rosemary K Lee
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) occurs frequently in critically ill patients, and adds to their morbidity and mortality. There is no published evidence on the effects of nursing activities on the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) for patients at risk of IAH. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of hygiene care on the IAP of patients at risk for IAH. METHODS: Hygiene care was provided to 34 at-risk patients. IAP was measured prior to initiating the hygiene care, immediately after and 10 minutes later...
May 14, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420673/a-single-bout-of-high-intensity-interval-training-reduces-awareness-of-subsequent-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Hanne M Rooijackers, Evita C Wiegers, Marinette van der Graaf, Dick H Thijssen, Roy P C Kessels, Cees J Tack, Bastiaan E de Galan
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has gained increasing popularity in patients with diabetes. HIIT acutely increases plasma lactate levels. This may be important, since the administration of lactate during hypoglycemia suppresses symptoms and counterregulation while preserving cognitive function. We tested the hypothesis that, in the short term, HIIT reduces awareness of hypoglycemia and attenuates hypoglycemia-induced cognitive dysfunction. In a randomized crossover trial, patients with type 1 diabetes and normal awareness of hypoglycemia (NAH), patients with impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH), and healthy participants (n = 10 per group) underwent a hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemic (2...
July 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396976/preface-photosynthesis-and-hydrogen-energy-research-for-sustainability
#13
EDITORIAL
Tatsuya Tomo, Suleyman I Allakhverdiev
Energy supply, climate change, and global food security are among the main chalenges facing humanity in the twenty-first century. Despite global energy demand is continuing to increase, the availability of low cost energy is decreasing. Together with the urgent problem of climate change due to CO2 release from the combustion of fossil fuels, there is a strong requirement of developing the clean and renewable energy system for the hydrogen production. Solar fuel, biofuel, and hydrogen energy production gained unlimited possibility and feasibility due to understanding of the detailed photosynthetic system structures...
September 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380133/association-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#14
Fernanda Porto, Yuri Saho Sakamoto, Cristina Salles
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated to cardiovascular risk factors. However, the association between OSA and cardiovascular disease is still controversial. The objective of the present study was to verify the association between OSA and myocardial infarction (MI). This is a systematic review of the literature performed through electronic data sources MEDLINE/PubMed, PubMed Central, Web of Science and BVS -Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (Virtual Health Library). The descriptors used were: 'obstructive sleep apnea' AND 'polysomnography' AND 'myocardial infarction' AND 'adults NOT 'treatment...
April 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357400/intra-abdominal-hypertension-causes-bacterial-growth-in-lungs-an-animal-study
#15
Eleni Papakrivou, Demosthenes Makris, Efstratios Manoulakas, Magda Mitroudi, Konstantinos Tepetes, Konstantinos Papazoglou, Epaminondas Zakynthinos
To study the effect of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) on the frequency of pneumonia with an experimental study, thirteen Sprague-Dawley rats were included. Eight out of thirteen animals were randomly assigned to receive 10 ml of benzalkonium chloride 0.2% (megacolon group) and five animals received 10 ml NaCl 0.9% (controls). Animals were anaesthetized by intramuscular delivery of ketamine. The incidence of positivity for bacteria lung tissue cultures and mesenteric lymph node cultures was assessed at the 21st day after animals' sacrification, or before in case of death...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330440/prevalence-and-predictors-of-intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-compartment-syndrome-in-surgical-patients-in-critical-care-units-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#16
A Muturi, P Ndaguatha, Daniel Ojuka, A Kibet
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) affects almost every organ sytem.If it is not detected early and corrected, mortality would be high. The prevalence of IAH and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) critical care units is not known. The aim of this sudy was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with development of IAH/ACS among critically ill surgical patients. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study involving surgical patients in critical care units at KNH, carried out from March 2015 to October 2015...
March 23, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282605/variations-of-renal-tissue-oxygenation-during-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-and-sepsis
#17
Stavros Kalfadis, Vaia Nalbanti, Orestis Ioannidis, George Porfiriou, Dimitrios Botsios, Konstantinos Tsalis
PURPOSE: This experimental study was designed to evaluate the renal tissue oxygenation under the coexistence of abdominal compartment syndrome and sepsis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen non-breed dogs were divided into two groups: the control group (8) and the study group (6). Sepsis was established with intravenous endotoxin infusion at 100μg/kg for over 30min. Insufflation of CO2 in the peritoneal cavity was used for the increase in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP)...
March 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270522/high-intensity-exercise-as-a-dishabituating-stimulus-restores-counterregulatory-responses-in-recurrently-hypoglycemic-rodents
#18
Alison D McNeilly, Jennifer R Gallagher, Jeffrey T-J Huang, Michael L J Ashford, Rory J McCrimmon
Hypoglycemia is a major adverse effect of insulin therapy for people with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Profound defects in the normal counterregulatory response to hypoglycemia explain the frequency of hypoglycemia occurrence in T1D. Defective counterregulation results to a large extent from prior exposure to hypoglycemia per se, leading to a condition called impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH); the cause of which is unknown. In the present study, we investigate the hypothesis that IAH develops through a special type of adaptive memory referred to as habituation...
March 7, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255145/infection-associated-haemophagocytic-syndrome-in-severe-dengue-infection-a-case-series-in-a-district-hospital
#19
Y S Y Jasmine, S L Lee, F K Kan
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a potentially fatal disorder resulting from uncontrolled hyperinflammatory response. There had been increase in cases of one of the secondary form of HLH, i.e., infectionassociated haemophagocytic syndrome (IAHS) in severe dengue in recent years. However, the condition remains under diagnosed due to lack of awareness compounded by the lack of validated diagnostic criteria. Severe hepatitis with prolonged cytopenias, severe hyperferritinemia, hypofibrinogenemia and persistent fever were evident in all four cases reported...
February 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243924/the-respiratory-pressure-abdominal-volume-curve-in-a-porcine-model
#20
Adrian Regli, Bart Leon De Keulenaer, Bhajan Singh, Lisen Emma Hockings, Bill Noffsinger, Peter Vernon van Heerden
BACKGROUND: Increasing intra-abdominal volume (IAV) can lead to intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) or abdominal compartment syndrome. Both are associated with raised morbidity and mortality. IAH can increase airway pressures and impair ventilation. The relationship between increasing IAV and airway pressures is not known. We therefore assessed the effect of increasing IAV on airway and intra-abdominal pressures (IAP). METHODS: Seven pigs (41.4 +/-8.5 kg) received standardized anesthesia and mechanical ventilation...
December 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
keyword
keyword
73713
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"