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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095290/study-of-the-microbiological-quality-of-bulgarian-bottled-water-in-terms-of-its-contamination-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#1
Vesela Georgieva, Yulia Dimitrova
BACKGROUND: Due to the widespread use of bottled water, it is important from a hygienic point of view to ensure that these products have good quality and meet the requirements set out in regulations. METHODS: In the period 2000-2013, a large-scale study (2,500 samples) was carried out on the quality of Bulgarian bottled water as per the microbiological parameters laid down in the European and Bulgarian legislation. Standard microbiological methods were applied. RESULTS: There is strong evidence that the most frequently isolated contaminant in these products was Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091698/-clotrimazole-and-ciclopirox-olamine-respectively-in-combination-with-methylprednisolone-aceponate-as-extemporaneous-formulations
#2
J Wohlrab, R H H Neubert, E Sommer, J Michael
The combination of topical fungicide and glucocorticoids has been proven as a successful therapy of cutaneous mycoses with accompanying inflammatory reactions, particularly when used at an early stage. Various national and international therapeutic guidelines recommend this practice. In this context, two individually manufactured formulations have been developed and tested for stability: the combination of methylprednisolone aceponate-a topical glucocorticoid with the therapeutic index of 2.0-with clotrimazole and with ciclopirox olamine, respectively...
January 13, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088662/metabolic-profiles-of-exudates-from-chronic-leg-ulcerations
#3
Adam Junka, Wojciech Wojtowicz, Adam Ząbek, Grzegorz Krasowski, Danuta Smutnicka, Barbara Bakalorz, Agnieszka Boruta, Mariusz Dziadas, Piotr Młynarz, Parish Paymon Sedghizadeh, Marzenna Bartoszewicz
Chronic leg ulceration is a disease usually associated with other comorbidities, and significantly reduces patient quality of life. Infected leg ulcers can lead to limb-threatening sequelae or mortality. Leg ulcerations are colonized by a number of microbes that are able to cause life-threating infections in susceptible patients. Wound exudate is a body fluid that collects metabolites from patient eukaryotic cells and from prokaryotic bacterial communities inhabiting the wound. This study aimed at identification of metabolites in exudates collected from chronic leg ulcers, and correlation of this metabolome with patient comorbidities and microbiological status of the wound...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081385/catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-adults-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition
#4
Siri Tribler, Christopher F Brandt, Mark Hvistendahl, Michael Staun, Per Brøbech, Claus E Moser, Palle B Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: A common complication in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs). The CRBSI incidence has been advocated as an outcome parameter assessing the quality of care. This study aimed to illustrate how the use of different CRBSI definitions affects the reported incidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an observational study based on the Copenhagen intestinal failure database, all clinically reported CRBSIs from 2002-2013 were compared with data from the affiliated microbiological database according to recommended CRBSI criteria...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079669/the-irish-helicobacter-pylori-working-group-consensus-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-h-pylori-infection-in-adult-patients-in-ireland
#5
Sinead Smith, Breida Boyle, Denise Brennan, Martin Buckley, Paul Crotty, Maeve Doyle, Richard Farrell, Mary Hussey, David Kevans, Peter Malfertheiner, Francis Megraud, Sean Nugent, Anthony O'Connor, Colm O'Morain, Shiobhan Weston, Deirdre McNamara
BACKGROUND: Irish eradication rates for Helicobacter pylori are decreasing and there is an increase in the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. These trends call into question current management strategies. OBJECTIVE: To establish an Irish Helicobacter pylori Working Group (IHPWG) to assess, revise and tailor current available recommendations. METHODS: Experts in the areas of gastroenterology and microbiology were invited to join the IHPWG...
January 10, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063147/genetic-relatedness-of-faecal-coliforms-and-enterococci-bacteria-isolated-from-water-and-sediments-of-the-apies-river-gauteng-south-africa
#6
Mutshiene Deogratias Ekwanzala, Akebe Luther King Abia, Eunice Ubomba-Jaswa, Jitendra Keshri, Ndombo Benteke Maggy Momba
To date, the microbiological quality of river sediments and its impact on water resources are not included in the water quality monitoring assessment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish genetic relatedness between faecal coliforms and enterococci isolated from the river water and riverbed sediments of Apies River to better understand the genetic similarity of microorganisms between the sediment and water phases. Indicator bacteria were subjected to a molecular study, which consisted of PCR amplification and sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA and 23S rRNA gene using specific primers for faecal coliforms and enterococci, respectively...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060143/comparison-of-hospital-cornea-retrieval-and-voluntary-eye-donation-program-in-eye-banking
#7
Namrata Sharma, Nikhil Agrawal, Prafulla K Maharana, Tushar Agarwal, Murugesan Vanathi, Rasik B Vajpayee
OBJECTIVES: Comparison of demographic, clinical, microbiological, and utility profile of the corneas obtained through hospital corneal retrieval program (HCRP) and voluntary eye donation (VED) program. METHODS: Donor corneas retrieved during a 14 months period at National eye bank, India were included in the study. The donor cornea grading was done according to the cornea donor study. The corneal swabs were taken from the donor eyes and were sent for microbiological evaluation...
January 4, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059472/promoting-active-learning-of-graduate-student-by-deep-reading-in-biochemistry-and-microbiology-pharmacy-curriculum
#8
Ren Peng
To promote graduate students' active learning, deep reading of high quality papers was done by graduate students enrolled in biochemistry and microbiology pharmacy curriculum offered by college of life science, Jiangxi Normal University from 2013 to 2015. The number of graduate students, who participated in the course in 2013, 2014, and 2015 were eleven, thirteen and fifteen, respectively. Through deep reading of papers, presentation, and group discussion in the lecture, these graduate students have improved their academic performances effectively, such as literature search, PPT document production, presentation management, specialty document reading, academic inquiry, and analytical and comprehensive ability...
January 6, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058250/effect-of-a-phenolic-extract-from-olive-vegetation-water-on-fresh-salmon-steak-quality-during-storage
#9
Dino Miraglia, Sonia Esposto, Raffaella Branciari, Stefania Urbani, Maurizio Servili, Simona Perucci, David Ranucci
This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of a phenolic extract from olive vegetation water on fresh salmon steaks stored at 4°C under modified atmosphere. Twenty-four salmon steaks were respectively immersed in solutions of the diluted phenolic extract at 1.5 g/L (A), 3 g/L (B), and water only as a control (CTR), packaged within a protective atmosphere (70% carbon dioxide, 25% nitrogen and 5% oxygen) and then stored at 4°C. After 2 h, and 3 and 6 days of storage, the fish samples were analysed for the total viable count, Enterobacteriaceae count, pH, colour (CIE L*a*b* colour system), phenolic composition, atocopherol content, antioxidant activity by 2,2- diphenyl- 1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH˙) assay, and thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS)...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058249/microbiological-and-chemico-physical-shelf-life-and-panel-test-to-evaluate-acceptability-of-liver-mortadella
#10
Erica Tirloni, Simone Stella, Cristian Bernardi, Vittorio Maria Moretti, Carla Bersani, Patrizia Cattaneo
This study aimed to evaluate the shelf life of sliced cooked liver mortadella packaged in MAP (70-85% N2, 15-30% CO2) and stored in refrigeration (4°C) or slight thermal abuse (8°C) for up to 49 days (declared best before date 45 days). The proximate composition, aw nitrites and NaCl content were determined at T0. Weekly, samples were submitted to microbiological [total viable count (TVC), lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., coagulase positive staphylococci, sulphite reducing clostridia, yeasts and moulds, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057656/epidemiology-and-control-measures-of-outbreaks-due-to-antibiotic-resistant-organisms-in-europe-embargo-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Nithya Babu Rajendran, Beryl Primrose Gladstone, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño, Frangiscos Sifakis, Andreas Voss, Yehuda Carmeli, Francesco Robert Burkert, Panagiota Gkolia, Evelina Tacconelli
INTRODUCTION: Improving our understanding of outbreaks due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and their control is critical in the current public health scenario. The threat of outbreaks due to ARB requires multifaceted efforts. However, a global overview of epidemiological characteristics of outbreaks due to ARB and effective infection control measures is missing. In this paper, we describe the protocol of a systematic review aimed at mapping and characterising the epidemiological aspects of outbreaks due to ARB and infection control measures in European countries...
5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054956/a-strategy-to-establish-a-quality-assurance-quality-control-plan-for-the-application-of-biosensors-for-the-detection-of-e-coli-in-water
#12
Nikou Hesari, Nursel Kıratlı Yılmazçoban, Mohamad Elzein, Absar Alum, Morteza Abbaszadegan
Rapid bacterial detection using biosensors is a novel approach for microbiological testing applications. Validation of such methods is an obstacle in the adoption of new bio-sensing technologies for water testing. Therefore, establishing a quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) plan is essential to demonstrate accuracy and reliability of the biosensor method for the detection of E. coli in drinking water samples. In this study, different reagents and assay conditions including temperatures, holding time, E...
January 3, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053165/progenomes-a-resource-for-consistent-functional-and-taxonomic-annotations-of-prokaryotic-genomes
#13
Daniel R Mende, Ivica Letunic, Jaime Huerta-Cepas, Simone S Li, Kristoffer Forslund, Shinichi Sunagawa, Peer Bork
The availability of microbial genomes has opened many new avenues of research within microbiology. This has been driven primarily by comparative genomics approaches, which rely on accurate and consistent characterization of genomic sequences. It is nevertheless difficult to obtain consistent taxonomic and integrated functional annotations for defined prokaryotic clades. Thus, we developed proGenomes, a resource that provides user-friendly access to currently 25 038 high-quality genomes whose sequences and consistent annotations can be retrieved individually or by taxonomic clade...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051232/epidemiology-of-nosocomial-infections-about-70-cases
#14
Mohamed Hedfi, Hassen Khouni, Youssra Massoudi, Cherif Abdelhedi, Karim Sassi, Adnen Chouchen
Background - The infections associated with care (IAS) constitute a major public health problem by the morbi- mortality than they generate as well as by their cost to support. The prevention of these infections has become a priority for several years everywhere in the world and in the occurrence in Tunisia. Aim - The purpose of our study is to assess the prevalence of nosocomial infections as well as develop their microbiologic  profiles in the different departments of  the hospital of FSI  Marsa Tunisia and try to highlight the risk factors that can influence these infections Methods - It was a retrospective study about  patients with noscomila infection who were admitted in the different care unit of the Hospital of FSI  Marsa and this on a period of 6 years from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2014 Results - We have identified seventy(70) patients having contracted a nososcomial infection during the period of study for 24600 hospital admission, with a prevalence rate of 0...
July 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050818/what-is-the-accuracy-of-nuclear-imaging-in-the-assessment-of-periprosthetic-knee-infection-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Steven J Verberne, Remko J A Sonnega, Olivier P P Temmerman, Pieter G Raijmakers
BACKGROUND: In the assessment of possible periprosthetic knee infection, various imaging modalities are used without consensus regarding the most accurate technique. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To perform a meta-analysis to compare the accuracy of various applied imaging modalities in the assessment of periprosthetic knee infection. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted with a comprehensive search of MEDLINE and Embase(®) in accordance with the PRISMA and Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2) recommendations to identify clinical studies in which periprosthetic knee infection was investigated with different imaging modalities...
January 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045110/simplifying-multidimensional-fermentation-dataset-analysis-and-visualization-one-step-closer-to-capturing-high-quality-mutant-strains
#16
Xiang Zhou, Dan Xu, Ting-Ting Jiang
In this study, we analyzed mutants of Clostridium acetobutylicum, an organism used in a broad range of industrial processes related to biofuel production, to facilitate future studies of bioreactor and bioprocess design and scale-up, which are very important research projects for industrial microbiology applications. To accomplish this, we generated 329 mutant strains and applied principal component analysis (PCA) to fermentation data gathered from these strains to identify a core set of independent features for comparison...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043612/post-tuberculosis-pulmonary-function-and-noninfectious-pulmonary-disorders
#17
Muhammad Irfan
Tuberculosis (TB) is among the top infectious causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and is associated with frequent pulmonary damage despite microbiological cure. Patients with treated TB may remain lifelong sufferers of disabling structural and functional sequelae of the disease, which subsequently impair quality of life. Long-term follow-up studies have revealed that many patients with treated pulmonary TB show signs of permanent impairment of their lung function. Impairment is variable in pattern and severity, ranging from none to severe, and shows restrictive, obstructive, or mixed patterns...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043600/benefits-and-challenges-of-molecular-diagnostics-for-childhood-tuberculosis
#18
Cristina Gutierrez
Expanding tuberculosis (TB)-diagnostic services, including access to rapid tests, is a World Health Organization (WHO) strategy to accelerate progress toward ending TB. Faster and more sensitive molecular tests capable of diagnosing TB and drug-resistant TB have the technical capacity to address limitations associated with smears and cultures by increasing accuracy and shortening turnaround times as compared with those of these conventional laboratory methods. Nucleic acid amplification assays used to detect and analyze Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-complex nucleic acids can be used directly on specimens from patients suspected of having TB...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040844/application-of-organic-acids-for-plant-protection-against-phytopathogens
#19
REVIEW
Igor G Morgunov, Svetlana V Kamzolova, Emilia G Dedyukhina, Tatiana I Chistyakova, Julia N Lunina, Alexey A Mironov, Nadezda N Stepanova, Olga N Shemshura, Mikhail B Vainshtein
The basic tendency in the field of plant protection concerns with reducing the use of pesticides and their replacement by environmentally acceptable biological preparations. The most promising approach to plant protection is application of microbial metabolites. In the last years, bactericidal, fungicidal, and nematodocidal activities were revealed for citric, succinic, α-ketoglutaric, palmitoleic, and other organic acids. It was shown that application of carboxylic acids resulted in acceleration of plant development and the yield increase...
December 31, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040175/impact-of-nacl-reduction-on-lactic-acid-bacteria-during-fermentation-of-nocellara-del-belice-table-olives
#20
Paola Zinno, Barbara Guantario, Giuditta Perozzi, Gianni Pastore, Chiara Devirgiliis
Table olives are widely consumed worldwide but, due to the presence of NaCl in fermenting brines, they contain high levels of sodium. A promising strategy to lower sodium content is the reduction or substitution of NaCl in brines with other chlorides. However, these procedures may impact safety, spoilage, as well as quality and technological properties, including the evolution and final composition of the fermenting microbiota. In the present work the effects of partially replacing NaCl with KCl in fermenting brines on the microbiological quality of Nocellara del Belice olives produced by Spanish style (Sivigliano) or Castelvetrano methods have been analyzed...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
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