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Camelia Sultana, Ana Maria Schweitzer, Mihaela Bogdan, Simona Ruta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Mohammed B Sarhan, Rula Ghandour, Niveen M E Abu Rmeileh
BACKGROUND: The burden of type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly in the occupied Palestinian territory. Different counselling interventions have been applied worldwide to reduce HbA1c concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes. Achieving good glycaemic control is important for prevention of complications of type 2 diabetes. The aim of this modelling study was to assess the effectiveness of different counselling interventions in improving glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Marwan Diab, Yasser Abu Jamei, Ashraf Kagee, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health issues. METHODS: The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Majed Hababeh, Wafaa Zeidan, Mariam Abdel El-Kader, Anwar Al Thaher, Nimer Kassim, Elias Habash, Hasan Arab, Ali Khader, Akihiro Seita
BACKGROUND: UNRWA introduced family planning services in 1994 as an integral part of its expanded maternal and child health-care programme. The main objective of UNRWA's family planning programme is to promote the health of mothers, children, and their families. The aim of this follow-up study was to assess contraceptive practices in the target population 5 years after the 2010 follow-up study and to identify future programme needs. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was a done by trained nurses from June 1 to Dec 31, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Khaled Abu Saman, Salwa Massad, Ali Abu Ibaid, Huda Anan, Mamhoud Daher, Rand Salman, Saleh Aldeqes
BACKGROUND: About 9% of the world's population has diabetes. Most people with diabetes live in developing countries. Diabetes is the fourth leading cause of death in the occupied Palestinian territory. The likelihood of diabetes complications increases with depression. Worldwide, about half of patients with diabetes have severe depression that has been misidentified by health providers. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with depression in patients with type 2 diabetes in the Gaza governorate...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Alhassane Diallo, Heike Jacobi, Arron Cook, Robyn Labrum, Alexandra Durr, Alexis Brice, Perrine Charles, Cecilia Marelli, Caterina Mariotti, Lorenzo Nanetti, Marta Panzeri, Maria Rakowicz, Anna Sobanska, Anna Sulek, Tanja Schmitz-Hübsch, Ludger Schöls, Holger Hengel, Bela Melegh, Alessandro Filla, Antonella Antenora, Jon Infante, José Berciano, Bart P van de Warrenburg, Dagmar Timmann, Sylvia Boesch, Massimo Pandolfo, Jörg B Schulz, Peter Bauer, Paola Giunti, Jun-Suk Kang, Thomas Klockgether, Sophie Tezenas du Montcel
BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxias are dominantly inherited progressive ataxia disorders that can lead to premature death. We aimed to study the overall survival of patients with the most common spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, and SCA6) and to identify the strongest contributing predictors that affect survival. METHODS: In this longitudinal cohort study (EUROSCA), we enrolled men and women, aged 18 years or older, from 17 ataxia referral centres in ten European countries; participants had positive genetic test results for SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, or SCA6 and progressive, otherwise unexplained, ataxias...
April 2018: Lancet Neurology
Paul C Helm, Sebastian Kempert, Marc-André Körten, Wiebke Lesch, Katharina Specht, Ulrike M M Bauer
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) and their families require qualified combined medical and psychosocial information, care, and counseling. This study aimed to analyze CHD patients' and parents' perception of disease-specific knowledge, state of health, and impairments experienced in everyday life, as well as factors influencing these perceptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analyses were based on a survey among patients/parents recruited via the German National Register for Congenital Heart Defects (NRCHD)...
January 25, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Ugo Indraccolo, Salvatore Renato Indraccolo, Piergiorgio Fedeli
A new case of a de novo 3q26.33q27.3 microdeletion is reported. The fetus had a sonographically undiagnosable polymalformative syndrome. The case highlights the difficulties of echographic diagnosis of such syndromes and leads to reflection on the difficulties of appropriate counselling in cases of uncertainty.
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Blake P Sampson, Aaron M Secrest, Christopher B Hansen, Alan C Geller
BACKGROUND: The commercial tanning industry has opposed efforts to educate the public on the risks of tanning as well as attempts to restrict minors' access to tanning services. Despite a paucity of supporting literature, statements from the tanning industry claiming that dermatologists routinely use in-office phototherapy for cosmetic treatments and refer patients to tanning salons have successfully derailed and defeated legislation in many states. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate dermatologist referrals for ultraviolet radiation for cosmetic and medical purposes via tanning beds or phototherapy, as well as their opinions on tanning, legislation, and ultraviolet radiation counseling practices...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Maher El Chaar, Peter Lundberg, Jill Stoltzfus
BACKGROUND: According to recent American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery estimates, sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is now the most commonly performed procedure in the United States (~53.8% of all bariatric procedures), followed by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; 23.1% of all procedures). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate outcomes and safety of these 2 procedures in the first 30 days postoperatively using the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program data registry...
January 13, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Sarah M Jacobs, Colin P McInnis, Matthew Kapeles, Shu-Hong Chang
PURPOSE: Severe vision loss is a risk of orbital surgery which physicians should counsel patients about, but the overall risk rate is unknown. This research was conducted to determine the risk of severe vision loss related to orbital surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective review. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent orbital surgery at either of 2 academic medical centers between January 1994 and December 2014. METHODS: A billing database search was conducted to identify all patients who had orbital surgery during the study period, cross-checked against diagnostic codes related to vision loss...
March 15, 2018: Ophthalmology
Amanda I Lynch, Elizabeth McGowan, Kerstyn C Zalesin
BACKGROUND: Obesity can develop during any life stage. Understanding the contexts within which obesity develops can inform our understanding of the disease and help tailor interventions specific to life stages. OBJECTIVE: Using life-course theory as a guiding framework, this study aimed to explain the development of obesity in bariatric surgery patients by creating personalized weight trajectories. DESIGN: Qualitative methods using semistructured interviews were used to uncover participants' experiences with and explanations for the development of obesity...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Erin S Rogers, Steven S Fu, Paul Krebs, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Sean M Nugent, Amy Gravely, Scott E Sherman
INTRODUCTION: Veterans with a mental health diagnosis have high rates of tobacco use but encounter low rates of treatment from providers. This study tested whether a proactive tobacco treatment approach increases treatment engagement and abstinence rates in Department of Veterans Affairs mental health patients. STUDY DESIGN: RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: The study was performed from 2013 to 2017 and analyses were conducted in 2017. Investigators used the electronic medical record at four Veterans Administration facilities to identify patients documented as current smokers and who had a mental health clinic visit in the past 12 months...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
J Boujenah, P Santulli, E Mathieu-d'Argent, C Decanter, C Chauffour, P Poncelet
INTRODUCTION: Using the structured methodology of French guidelines (HAS-CNGOF), the aim of this chapter was to formulate good practice points (GPP), in relation to optimal non-ART management of endometriosis related to infertility, based on the best available evidence in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This guideline was produced by a group of experts in the field including a thorough systematic search of the literature (from January 1980 to March 2017)...
March 15, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Harvey C Quon, Aldrich Ong, Patrick Cheung, William Chu, Hans T Chung, Danny Vesprini, Amit Chowdhury, Dilip Panjwani, Geordi Pang, Renee Korol, Melanie Davidson, Ananth Ravi, Boyd McCurdy, Liying Zhang, Alexandre Mamedov, Andrea Deabreu, Andrew Loblaw
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) regimens differ in time, dose, and fractionation. We completed a multicentre, randomized phase II study to investigate the impact of overall treatment time on quality of life (QOL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Men with low and intermediate-risk prostate cancer were randomly assigned to 40 Gy in 5 fractions delivered once per week (QW) vs. every other day (EOD). QOL was assessed using the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite...
March 15, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Claudio Conforti, Maria Silvestre, Caterina Dianzani
A 52-year-old man was admitted for clinical counseling at the Campus Bio-Medico in Rome in the early days of August 2017. He presented with multiple erythemato-hemorrhagic papules localized on the abdomen (Figure 1), back, arms, and thighs (Figure 2). The wide eruption was characterized by an intense reddish color that disappeared with diascopy. The patient stated that the eruption had appeared overnight after helping his mother-in-law dispose of a piece of antique furniture from her country villa the previous afternoon...
2018: Skinmed
Najla A Al-Dawsari, Feroze Kaliyadan
A wide range of conditions can present with congenital hypotrichoses/atrichia. Awareness of these conditions can help in the proper and timely diagnosis and counseling of affected families, and in some cases avoid unnecessary investigations. The rapid growth in genetic analysis of diseases has also led to an increased knowledge of the genetic and molecular basis of many of these conditions. This contribution briefly reviews updates on some of the most common conditions associated with congenital hypotrichosis/atrichia...
2018: Skinmed
Sarah Caldwell, Katie Wusik, Hua He, Geoffrey Yager, Carrie Atzinger
This study describes the development of a self-efficacy scale that is specific to genetic counseling and based both on Bandura's self-efficacy theory (2006) and the Accreditation Council for Genetic Counseling practice-based competencies (2013). The phase 1 validation compared genetic counseling students (n = 20) and genetic counselors (n = 18). Nine items were removed from the scale at this point for lack of discrimination or redundancy. The phase 2 validation included a larger cohort of genetic counseling students (n = 168)...
March 18, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Aimée C Dane, Madelyn Peterson, Yvette D Miller
Adequate knowledge is a vital component of informed decision-making; however, we do not know what information women value when making decisions about noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT). The current study aimed to identify women's information needs for decision-making about NIPT as a first-tier, non-contingent test with out-of-pocket expense and, in turn, inform best practice by specifying the information that should be prioritized when providing pre-test counseling to women in a time-limited scenario or space-limited decision support tool...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Sarah E Chadwell, Hua He, Sara Knapke, Jaime Lewis, Rebecca Sisson, Jennifer Hopper
Genetic testing for inherited cancer risk has recently improved through the advent of multi-gene panels and the addition of deletion and duplication analysis of the BRCA genes. The primary aim of this study was to determine which factors influence the intent of individuals with a personal history of breast and/or ovarian cancer and negative or uncertain BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing to return to a hereditary cancer program for additional genetic risk assessment, counseling, and testing. Surveys were sent to 1197 individuals and 257 were returned...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
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