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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757516/species-composition-and-nocturnal-activity-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae-inhabiting-a-limestone-cave-in-thailand
#1
Narong Jaturas, Apichat Vitta, Yudthana Samung, Chamnarn Apiwathnasorn, Raxsina Polseela
We investigated the nocturnal activity of cave-dwelling sand flies at different time intervals and determined their species composition and seasonal variation. Sand flies were captured on one night each month using CDC light traps from 18:00-06:00 with the collecting bag being changed every two h between February, 2010 and January, 2011. A total of 18,709 individuals, including 10,740 males and 7,969 females, was collected. The overall ratio between male and female specimens was 1:0.74. The collected specimens included 14 species from four genera, Chinius, Idiophlebotomus, Phlebotomus, and Sergentomyia...
June 2018: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690042/description-of-the-male-of-antodice-quadrimaculata-martins-galileo-2003-coleoptera-cerambycidae-lamiinae-with-new-country-record-for-the-species
#2
Rafael C de Barros, Bianca Piraccini Silva, Carlos E de Alvarenga Julio
The genus Antodice Thomson, 1864 was revised by Martins Galileo (1998) and currently includes 27 species (Tavakilian Chevillotte 2017), distributed from Mexico to southern South America. Based on a single female specimen collected in Arroyo Cristal, Ka'azapá, Paraguay, the species Antodice quadrimaculata was first described by Martins Galileo in 2003. The holotype specimen was collected on 20 November 1999 by J. Jensen and is deposited in the Museum of Zoology of the University of São Paulo, Brazil. With the help of Carlos Aguilar, from Paraguay's National Museum of Natural History, we were able to determine the exact location where the holotype was collected...
February 5, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684984/effects-of-preoperative-oral-carbohydrate-administration-on-patient-well-being-and-satisfaction-in-thyroid-surgery
#3
A Ram Doo, Hyunsup Hwang, Min-Jong Ki, Jun-Rae Lee, Dong-Chan Kim
Background: Although the positive effects of preoperative oral carbohydrate administration on clinical outcomes following major surgery have been reported continuously, there are few investigations of them in minor surgical patients. The present study was designed to examine the effects of preoperative oral carbohydrate administration on patient well-being and satisfaction in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Methods: Fifty adults aged 20-65 years and scheduled for elective thyroidectomy in first schedule in the morning were allocated to one of two groups...
April 24, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530652/informing-medicare-s-two-midnight-rule-policy-with-an-analysis-of-hospital-based-long-observation-stays
#4
Brad Wright, Xuan Zhang, Momotazur Rahman, Keith Kocher
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Outpatient observation stays are increasingly substituting for standard inpatient hospitalizations. In 2013, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services adopted the controversial Two-Midnight Rule policy to curb long observation stays and better define the use of hospital-based observation services versus inpatient hospitalizations. We seek to determine the extent to which Medicare beneficiaries exposed to long observation stays (>48 hours) are clinically similar to those with short observation stays (≤48 hours) because this has relevance to the Two-Midnight Rule...
March 9, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530021/factors-associated-with-emergency-services-use-in-taiwanese-advanced-cancer-patients-receiving-palliative-home-care-services-during-out-of-hours-periods-a-retrospective-medical-record-study
#5
Yee-Hsin Kao, Yao-Ting Liu, Malcolm Koo, Jui-Kun Chiang
BACKGROUND: For patients receiving palliative home care, the need to visit the emergency department is considered to be an indicator of poor quality care. The situation can be particularly distressing when it occurs outside of normal hours of palliative home care service. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors for emergency department use during out-of-hours periods of palliative home care service among advanced cancer patients in Taiwan. METHODS: This case-control study was based on a retrospective medical chart review (January 2010 to December 2012) of advanced cancer patients who were receiving palliative home care in a community hospital in south Taiwan...
March 12, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514636/outcome-of-elderly-emergency-department-patients-hospitalised-on-weekends-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Steffie H A Brouns, Joyce J Wachelder, Femke S Jonkers, Suze L Lambooij, Jeanne P Dieleman, Harm R Haak
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating different medical conditions and settings have demonstrated mixed results regarding the weekend effect. However, data on the outcome of elderly patients hospitalised on weekends is scarce. The objective was to compare in-hospital and two-day mortality rates between elderly emergency department (ED) patients (≥65 years) admitted on weekends versus weekdays. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of emergency department visits of internal medicine patients ≥65 years presenting to the emergency department between 01 and 09-2010 and 31-08-2012 was conducted...
March 7, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426152/determining-factors-for-levels-of-volatile-organic-compounds-measured-in-different-microenvironments-of-a-heavy-traffic-urban-area
#7
Nguyen Hong Phuc, Nguyen Thi Kim Oanh
The levels of BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes) in a congested urban area of Hanoi were characterized in a winter and a transitional period in 2015. Monitoring was conducted at two roads simultaneously with traffic flows and one ambient site together with meteorology. Hourly and bi-hourly BTEX samples collected using charcoal tubes were analyzed by GC-FID. BTEX levels in winter, 131 ± 71 μg/m3 in heavy traffic Truong Chinh (TC) road, 101 ± 29 μg/m3 in small residential Nguyen Ngoc Nai (NN) road, and 30 ± 15 μg/m3 in the ambient air site (AA, about 150 m from each road) were 1...
June 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422395/diurnal-occurrence-of-complex-febrile-seizure-and-their-severity-in-pediatric-patients-needing-hospitalization
#8
Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Hiroaki Nagase, Yusuke Ishida, Daisaku Toyoshima, Azusa Maruyama, Kazumi Tomioka, Tsukasa Tanaka, Masahiro Nishiyama, Kyoko Fujita, Taniguchi-Ikeda Mariko, Kandai Nozu, Ichiro Morioka, Noriyuki Nishimura, Hiroshi Kurosawa, Satoshi Takada, Yoshiyuki Uetani, Kazumoto Iijima
Several studies describing the diurnal occurrence of febrile seizures have reported greater seizure frequency early or late in the evening relative to midnight or early morning. However, no articles have reported on the diurnal occurrence of complex febrile seizure. Moreover, no studies have addressed the relationship between seizure severity and diurnal occurrence. We retrospectively evaluated complex febrile seizures in 462 children needing hospitalization, and investigated the relationship between severity and diurnal occurrence according to four categorized time periods (morning, afternoon, evening, and night)...
March 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417234/diel-and-seasonal-nitrous-oxide-fluxes-determined-by-floating-chamber-and-gas-transfer-equation-methods-in-agricultural-irrigation-watersheds-in-southeast-china
#9
Shuang Wu, Jie Chen, Chen Li, Delei Kong, Kai Yu, Shuwei Liu, Jianwen Zou
Agricultural nitrate leaching and runoff incurs high nitrogen loads in agricultural irrigation watersheds, constituting one of important sources of atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2 O). Two independent sampling campaigns of N2 O flux measurement over diel cycles and N2 O flux measurements once a week over annual cycles were carried out in an agricultural irrigation watershed in southeast China using floating chamber (chamber-based) and gas transfer equation (model-based) methods. The diel and seasonal patterns of N2 O fluxes did not differ between the two measurement methods...
February 7, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407553/circadian-regulation-of-grapevine-root-and-shoot-growth-and-their-modulation-by-photoperiod-and-temperature
#10
Kare P Mahmud, Bruno P Holzapfel, Yann Guisard, Jason P Smith, Sharon Nielsen, Suzy Y Rogiers
Some plant species demonstrate a pronounced 24 h rhythm in fine root growth but the endogenous and exogenous factors that regulate these diel cycles are unclear. Photoperiod and temperature are known to interact with diel patterns in shoot growth but it is uncertain how these environmental factors are interrelated with below-ground growth. In this particular study, the fine root system of two grapevine species was monitored over a period of ten days with a high resolution scanner, under constant soil moisture and three different photoperiod regimes...
March 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310656/comparative-evaluation-of-anopheline-sampling-methods-in-three-localities-in-indonesia
#11
Brandyce St Laurent, Supratman Sukowati, Timothy A Burton, David Bretz, Mulyadi Zio, Syah Firman, Sumardi, Heru Sudibyo, Amalia Safitri, Suwito, Puji B Asih, Sully Kosasih, Shinta, William A Hawley, Thomas R Burkot, Frank H Collins, Din Syafruddin, Neil F Lobo
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of vector control efforts can vary based on the interventions used and local mosquito behaviour and adaptability. In many settings, biting patterns of Anopheles mosquitoes can shift in response to interventions targeting indoor-biting mosquitoes, often resulting in higher proportions of mosquitoes feeding outside or at times when people are not protected. These behaviourally resistant mosquitoes have been shown to sustain residual malaria transmission and limit control efforts...
January 8, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237810/behavioural-tuning-in-a-tropical-amphibian-along-an-altitudinal-gradient
#12
Sebastiaan W F Meenderink, Patricia M Quiñones, Peter M Narins
Males of the coqui treefrog, Eleutherodactylus coqui , produce a distinct two-note 'co-qui' advertisement call from sunset to midnight throughout most of the year. Previous work established that both the spectrotemporal aspects of the call and the frequency of highest inner-ear sensitivity change with altitude above sea level. These variations are such that the frequency of the emitted co-note closely matches the frequency to which the inner ear is most sensitive. Given this parallel variation, we expected that the call-evoked behavioural response of male coqui treefrogs would also show an altitude dependence, and hypothesized that males would produce their most robust acoustical territorial response to advertisement calls that match calls from their own altitude...
December 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231583/-acupoint-plaster-therapy-with-midnight-noon-ebb-flow-hour-prescription-method-for-senile-osteoporosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Jing Gao, Yan Ye, Chenxi Wu, Dingxi Bai, Xiaolin Hou, Jianxia Lv, Yuping Xiang, Xia Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy differences between acupoint plaster therapy with midnight-noon ebb-flow hour-prescription method and traditional acupoint plaster therapy for senile osteoporosis (SOP). METHODS: With randomized controlled blind design, 76 SOP patients with deficiency of liver and kidney syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 38 cases in each one. Based on oral administration of caltrate D, the patients in the observation group were treated with acupoint plaster therapy with midnight-noon ebb-flow hour-prescription method at Yingu (KI 10), Taixi (KI 3), Dazhong (KI 4), Fuliu (KI 7) and Zhiyin (BL 67), while the patients in the control group were treated with traditional acupoint plaster therapy...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220388/a-three-month-longitudinal-study-of-changes-in-day-night-serum-total-antioxidant-capacity-in-paranoid-schizophrenia
#14
Armando L Morera-Fumero, Estefanía Díaz-Mesa, Pedro Abreu-Gonzalez, Lourdes Fernandez-Lopez, Fernando Guillen-Pino
Free radicals and an oxidant/antioxidant imbalance have been involved in the schizophrenia pathophysiology. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) is a measure of the antioxidant capacity of a system. Day/night changes are a biological characteristic of hormones such as melatonin or cortisol. There is little information about TAC day/night changes in schizophrenia patients. The aim of this research is to study if there are day/night changes in serum TAC levels of schizophrenia patients. Thirty-two DSM-IV schizophrenia paranoid patients were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156855/differences-in-leptin-ghrelin-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-levels-between-religious-fasting-and-normal-fasting
#15
Özge Telci Çaklılı, Banu İşbilen, Gülcan Yavuz, Selcan Tülü, Banu Mesçi, Aytekin Oğuz
Background/aim: Leptin, ghrelin, and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) affect hunger, satiety feelings, and food intake. We hypothesized that during Ramadan, if the brain knows that the body will be hungry until sunset, there may be differences between leptin, ghrelin, and GLP-1 levels in Ramadan and non-Ramadan fasting. Materials and methods: This study had two phases. In the first phase, the participants were asked to skip the dawn meal of Ramadan (suhur), so that 12 h of fasting could be achieved. Participants ceased food intake at midnight, and at noon blood was drawn...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151153/-2e-6z-9z-2-6-9-pentadecatrienal-as-a-male-produced-aggregation-sex-pheromone-of-the-cerambycid-beetle-elaphidion-mucronatum
#16
Jocelyn G Millar, Robert F Mitchell, Linnea R Meier, Todd D Johnson, Judith A Mongold-Diers, Lawrence M Hanks
An increasing body of evidence suggests that the volatile pheromones of cerambycid beetles are much more diverse in structure than previously hypothesized. Here, we describe the identification, synthesis, and field testing of (2E,6Z,9Z)-2,6,9-pentadecatrienal as a male-produced aggregation-sex pheromone of the cerambycid Elaphidion mucronatum (Say) (subfamily Cerambycinae, tribe Elaphidiini). This novel structure is unlike any previously described cerambycid pheromone, and in field bioassays attracted only this species...
December 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144169/bright-light-exposure-during-daytime-sleeping-affects-nocturnal-melatonin-secretion-after-simulated-night-work
#17
Shunsuke Nagashima, Madoka Osawa, Hiroto Matsuyama, Wataru Ohoka, Aemi Ahn, Tomoko Wakamura
The guidelines for night and shift workers recommend that after night work, they should sleep in a dark environment during the daytime. However, staying in a dark environment during the daytime reduces nocturnal melatonin secretion and delays its onset. Daytime bright-light exposure after night work is important for melatonin synthesis the subsequent night and for maintaining the circadian rhythms. However, it is not clear whether daytime sleeping after night work should be in a dim- or a bright-light environment for maintaining melatonin secretion...
February 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142380/epidemiological-study-of-patients-of-road-traffic-injuries-attending-emergency-department-of-a-trauma-center-in-new-delhi
#18
Puneet Misra, Anindo Majumdar, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Background and Aims: There is paucity of data regarding some of the lesser known contextual and epidemiological factors with respect to road traffic injuries (RTIs). The objective was to study the epidemiological profile of RTI victims attending an emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center. Methods: The present study was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center in New Delhi. All patients of RTI attending the emergency department during the designated data collection days were included in the study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131324/advanced-imaging-reduces-cost-compared-to-standard-of-care-in-emergency-department-of-triage-of-acute-chest-pain
#19
Pamela S Noack, Jhanna A Moore, Michael Poon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate medical costs of novel therapies in complex medical settings using registry data. DATA SOURCE/STUDY SETTING: Primary data, from 2008 to 2010. We used patient registry data to evaluate cost and quality performance of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in triaging chest pain patients in our tertiary care emergency department and to model financial performance under Medicare's two midnight rule. STUDY DESIGN: Using generalized linear modeling, we retrospectively compared estimated expenditures for evaluation of low-to-intermediate-risk chest pain for demographic and medically risk matched samples of 894 patients each, triaged with CCTA or local standard of care (SOC) using Medicare reimbursement as a proxy...
November 13, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068243/evidence-for-disruption-of-normal-circadian-cortisol-rhythm-in-women-with-obesity
#20
Zain A Al-Safi, Alex Polotsky, Justin Chosich, Lauren Roth, Amanda A Allshouse, Andrew P Bradford, Nanette Santoro
Hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis may play a role in the pathogenesis of comorbidities encountered in obesity, including the relative hypogonadotropic hypogonadism that we and others have observed. We sought to examine serum cortisol profiles throughout the day and evening in a sample of normal weight women and women with obesity. In this cross-sectional study, regularly cycling obese (n = 12) and normal weight (n = 10) women were recruited. Mean serum cortisol was measured by frequent blood sampling for 16 h (8am-midnight) in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle...
April 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
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