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Hydrolysed collagen

Tiejun Chen, Hu Hou, Yan Fan, Shikai Wang, Qianru Chen, Leilei Si, Bafang Li
Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation causes skin photoaging. This study was undertaken to identify the anti-photoaging mechanisms of gelatin hydrolysate (CH) derived from pacific cod skin. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and ELISA assays were used to investigate the effects of CH on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the signaling pathways after UV irradiation by using a mice skin photoaging model. The average molecular weight of CH was 1200Da, and 273/1000 residues were hydrophobic, Gly-Pro and Gly-Leu sequences and Arg at C-terminus appeared frequently in CH...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Liping Sun, Weidan Chang, Qingyu Ma, Yongliang Zhuang
In this study, the stable collagen hydrolysate was prepared by alcalase hydrolysis and twice simulated gastrointestinal digestion from Alaska pollock skin. The characteristics of hydrolysates and antioxidant activities in vitro, including 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical (ABTS(•+)) scavenging activity, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and hydroxyl radical (OH·) scavenging activity, were determined. After twice simulated gastrointestinal digestion of skin collagen (SGI-2), the degree of hydrolysis (DH) reached 26...
October 17, 2016: Marine Drugs
Zhenbin Wang, Qing Wang, Lin Wang, Weidong Xu, Yuanqing He, Yunliang Li, Song He, Haile Ma
BACKGROUND: Collagen hydrolysates (CHs) has been demonstrated to have positive effect on skin photo-aging by topical application or oral ingestion. However, there's little report about its influence on skin chronological aging so far. RESULTS: Nine-month-old female ICR mice were given normal AIN-93M diets containing the CHs (2.5%, 5% and 10%, respectively) from Nile tilapia scale. After 6 months, the collagen content and antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase) activities significantly increased (p < 0...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Dimpi Gandhi, Preeti Chanalia, Pooja Attri, Suman Dhanda
Dipeptidylpeptidase-II (DPP-II, E.C., an exopeptidase was purified 15.4 fold with specific activity and yield of 15.4U/mg/mL and 14.68% respectively by a simple two step procedure from a probiotic Pediococcus acidilactici. DPP-II is 38.7KDa homodimeric serine peptidase with involvement of His and subunit mass of 18.9KDa. The enzyme exhibited optimal activity at pH 7.0 and 37°C with activation energy of 24.97kJ/mol. The enzyme retained more than 90% activity upto 50°C thus adding industrial importance...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
E van de Water, M Oosterlinck, M Dumoulin, N M Korthagen, P R van Weeren, J van den Broek, H Everts, F Pille, D A van Doorn
BACKGROUND: Nutraceuticals are often used in the management of equine osteoarthritis, but scientific evidence of their efficacy is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To study the preventive effects of two new nutraceuticals after the experimental induction of synovitis in comparison with positive and negative control treatments. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, controlled, randomised experiment. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy Standardbred horses were randomly allocated to supplement AT (multi-ingredient, 28 days), supplement HP (collagen hydrolysate, 60 days), meloxicam (4 days) or placebo (60 days)...
August 24, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
Tomoya Kitakaze, Tomotaka Sakamoto, Takehiro Kitano, Naoki Inoue, Fumihito Sugihara, Naoki Harada, Ryoichi Yamaji
The majority of studies on possible roles for collagen hydrolysates in human health have focused on their effects on bone and skin. Hydroxyprolyl-glycine (Hyp-Gly) was recently identified as a novel collagen hydrolysate-derived dipeptide in human blood. However, any possible health benefits of Hyp-Gly remain unclear. Here, we report the effects of Hyp-Gly on differentiation and hypertrophy of murine skeletal muscle C2C12 cells. Hyp-Gly increased the fusion index, the myotube size, and the expression of the myotube-specific myosin heavy chain (MyHC) and tropomyosin structural proteins...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yoshinori Iba, Koji Yokoi, Itsuka Eitoku, Masaki Goto, Seiko Koizumi, Fumihito Sugihara, Hiroshi Oyama, Tadashi Yoshimoto
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antidiabetic properties of collagen hydrolysates (CHs). CHs exhibited dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitory activity and stimulated glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion in vitro. We also determined whether CHs improve glucose tolerance in normal mice. Oral administration of CHs suppressed the glycemic response during the oral and intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests (OGTT and IPGTT), but the effects were weaker in IPGTT than in OGTT. CHs had no effect on the gastric emptying rate...
September 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
Tiejun Chen, Hu Hou
Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation results in skin damage, collagen reduction in the dermis, and consequently, premature skin aging (photoaging). The goal of this study was to examine the effect of gelatin hydrolysate (CH) from pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) skin on UV irradiation-induced inflammation and collagen reduction of photoaging mouse skin. The effect of CH on the activities of endogenous antioxidant enzymes was investigated. The expressions of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), proinflammatory cytokines, type I and type III procollagen, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), type II receptor of TGF-β1 (TGF-βRII), and Smad7 were determined using quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and ELISA...
September 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Zhili Liang, Lin Li, Haiping Qi, Xia Zhang, Zhenbo Xu, Bing Li
Pyrraline, a causative factor for the recent epidemics of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, is also employed as an indicator to evaluate heat damage and formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in foods. Peptide-enriched drinks (PEDs) are broadly consumed worldwide due to rapid rate of absorption and perceived health effects. It can be hypothesized that PED is an important source of pyrraline, especially peptide bound pyrraline (Pep-Pyr). In this study we determined free-form pyrraline (Free-Pyr) and Pep-Pyr in drinks enriched with whey protein hydrolysate (WPH), soy protein hydrolysate (SPH) and collagen protein hydrolysate (CPH)...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Lihui Du, Mirko Betti
The cryoprotective effect of chicken collagen hydrolysate (CCH) obtained from chicken skin was investigated at 0%, 4%, 8% and 12% (w/w) on natural actomyosin (NAM) model system to elucidate the possible mechanism. Ice dimensions in the NAM dispersions were measured after 7 thermal cycles (stabilized at -20°C and cycled between -16°C to -12°C) using a polarized microscope, demonstrating a significant reduction of ice crystal size induced by CCH. To determine the ice-controlling effect of CCH on protein freeze-denaturation, NAM samples were subjected to 7 freeze-thaw cycles between -20°C and 4°C...
November 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
T Okiura, Y Oishi, A Takemura, A Ishihara
OBJECTIVES: Effects of collagen hydrolysate (CHD) on the oxidative capacity of the tibialis anterior muscle and the cortical and trabecular density of the femur were investigated in senescence-accelerated mouse prone 6 (SAMP6). METHODS: Sixteen-week-old male SAMP6 mice were divided into control (CON) and CHD groups. The CON group was given normal water, while the CHD group was given water containing CHD. Fibre cross-sectional areas (CSAs), fibre succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) staining intensity, and SDH activity of the tibialis anterior muscle were determined at 42 and 60 weeks of age...
2016: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
Satiesh Kumar Ramadass, Sugin Lal Jabaris, Ramesh Kannan Perumal, Villianur Ibrahim HairulIslam, Arun Gopinath, Balaraman Madhan
Ulcerative colitis, particularly the chronic persistent form is characterized by the presence of active inflammation and extensive areas of ulceration in the colonic mucosa. The existing treatment protocol aims at only reducing intestinal inflammation, rather than targeting mucosal ulceration. In this study, type I collagen and its daughter peptides called collagen hydrolysate, highly popular reconstructive materials for tissue engineering applications, are hypothesized as healing matrices to target the recuperation of internal mucosal ulceration...
August 25, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Paramaporn Sahapaibounkit, Isarawut Prasertsung, Rattachat Mongkolnavin, Chiow San Wong, Siriporn Damrongsakkul
In this study, polycaprolactone (PCL) film, a high potential material used in biomedical applications, was treated by air plasma prior to a conjugation by carbodiimide cross-linking with various types of proteins, including type A gelatin, type B gelatin, and collagen hydrolysate. The properties of modified PCL films were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), contact angle measurement, and atomic force microscopy. The XPS results showed that oxygen and nitrogen atoms were successfully introduced on the air plasma-treated PCL surface...
May 14, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Sadabpong Choonpicharn, Suriya Tateing, Sanchai Jaturasitha, Nuansri Rakariyatham, Nuttee Suree, Hataichanoke Niamsup
Fish skin, one type of wastes generated from Nile tilapia processing, is still a good source of collagen and gelatin. Bioactive peptides can be obtained from Nile tilapia skin gelatin by trypsin digestion. Trypsin hydrolysate was subsequently purified by gel filtration chromatography. Trypsin A fraction showed the greatest reducing power (5.138 ± 1.060 μM trolox/mg peptide) among all hydrolysate fractions, while trypsin B fraction from gel filtration column was found to exhibit the best radical scavenging and angiotensin-I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities 8...
February 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Agnes Virginia, Heni Rachmawati, Catur Riani, Debbie S Retnoningrum
Bioactive peptides produced from enzymatic hydrolysis fibrous protein have been proven to have several biological activities. Previous study showed that the hydrolysis product of snakehead fish skin collagen with 26 kDa collagenase from Bacillus licheniformis F11.4 showed HMG-CoA (HMGR) inhibition activity. The aim of this research was to determine the ability of the hydrolysis product produced from snakehead fish skin collagen hydrolysed by 50 kDa collagenase from B. licheniformis F11.4 in inhibiting HMGR activity...
2016: Scientia Pharmaceutica
Nadia Ennaas, Riadh Hammami, Ahmed Gomaa, François Bédard, Éric Biron, Muriel Subirade, Lucie Beaulieu, Ismail Fliss
In this study, we first report characterization of collagencin, an antimicrobial peptide identified from fish collagen hydrolysate. The peptide completely inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus at 1.88 mM. Although non-toxic up to 470 μM, collagencin was hemolytic at higher concentrations. The secondary structure of collagencin was mainly composed by β-sheet and β-turn as determined by CD measurements and molecular dynamics. The peptide is likely to form β-sheet structure under hydrophobic environments and interacts with both anionic (phosphatidylglycerol) and zwitterionic (phosphoethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine) lipids as shown with CD spectroscopy and molecular dynamics...
April 29, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yuki Taga, Masashi Kusubata, Kiyoko Ogawa-Goto, Shunji Hattori
Recent studies have reported that oral intake of gelatin hydrolysate has various beneficial effects, such as reduction of joint pain and lowering of blood sugar levels. In this study, we produced a novel gelatin hydrolysate using a cysteine-type ginger protease having unique substrate specificity with preferential peptide cleavage with Pro at the P2 position. Substantial amounts of X-hydroxyproline (Hyp)-Gly-type tripeptides were generated up to 2.5% (w/w) concomitantly with Gly-Pro-Y-type tripeptides (5%; w/w) using ginger powder...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Shoko Yamamoto, Kisaburo Deguchi, Masamichi Onuma, Noriaki Numata, Yasuo Sakai
Collagen tripeptide (CTP) is a collagen hydrolysate containing a high concentration of tripeptides with a Gly-X-Y sequence, such as Gly-Pro-Hyp. To test the effects of this preparation, we compared the absorption of peptides in humans after ingestion of a tripeptide fraction of CTP (CTP-100), a CTP preparation containing ca. 50% Gly-X-Y tripeptides (CTP-50), and a collagen peptide that did not contain tripeptides (CP). The postprandial levels of Gly-Pro-Hyp and Pro-Hyp in the plasma increased in those subjects who ingested CTP-100 and CTP-50, and were higher with greater Gly-Pro-Hyp ingestion...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Rubina Chaudhary, Anupama Pati
Leather industry generates huge amount of chrome-containing leather solid waste which creates major environment problems to tanners worldwide. Chrome-tanned leather solid waste is primarily chromium complex of collagen protein. The presence of chromium limits its protein application in animal feed industry. The purified protein hydrolysate with zero chromium could be used in poultry feed. In this study, an attempt has been made to assess performance of poultry with purified protein hydrolysate as a feed derived from chrome-tanned leather waste as partial replacement of soyabean meal as a sole source of protein for growing broiler chickens...
April 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Richa Jain, Aakanchha Jain, Neha Rawat, Meera Nair, Raghvendra Gumashta
Process parameters for obtaining hydrolysate from hen feathers, i.e., initial pH (5.0-9.0) and incubation period (1-6 day), were set and studied, using Streptomyces sampsonii GS 1322 in submerged and solid state conditions. Under submerged conditions, complete hydrolysis of feathers was observed on fifth day [initial pH 8.0, 28 ± 2°C, shaking (150 rpm)] with release of soluble protein (2985 μg ml(-1)) and amino acids (2407 μg ml(-1)). Cell free hydrolysate showed hydrolysis of casein (18 mm), gelatin (26 mm), collagen (31 mm), hemoglobin (23 mm) and Tween 80 (35 mm) while 445 U keratinase activity...
June 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
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