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Case series review if the literature

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812959/periocular-manifestations-of-trigeminal-trophic-syndrome-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#1
Katherine A McVeigh, Morag Adams, Richard Harrad, Rebecca Ford
Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is a condition whereby persistent facial ulceration presents consequent to central or peripheral insult to the trigeminal nerve. Lesions are created by repetitive self-inflicted manipulation and trauma of dysaesthetic skin within the trigeminal dermatome. We discuss four cases with aetiologies varied from presumed microvascular compromise to resection of cerebral meningioma, cerebrovascular accident, and herpes zoster ophthalmicus. We discuss the management of the under-recognised associated periocular skin ulcerations that result from physical manipulation of dysesthic skin and prove to be persistent and challenging to treat...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776163/characteristics-of-meningitis-following-transsphenoidal-endoscopic-surgery-a-case-series-and-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Pasquale Pagliano, Chiara Caggiano, Tiziana Ascione, Domenico Solari, Giusy Di Flumeri, Luigi Maria Cavallo, Fabio Tortora, Paolo Cappabianca
BACKGROUND: Meningitis occurs in 0.8-1.5% of patients undergoing neurosurgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the characteristics of meningitis after endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (EETS) comparing the findings retrieved to those highlighted by literature search. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated by EETS during an 18-year period in the Department of Neurosurgery of 'Federico II' University of Naples were evaluated and included in the study if they fulfilled criteria for meningitis...
August 3, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762010/clinical-and-pathological-characterization-of-her2-mutations-in-human-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Fausto Petrelli, Gianluca Tomasello, Sandro Barni, Veronica Lonati, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Michele Ghidini
PURPOSE: HER2 gene is a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family. Across different malignancies, aberrations of HER2 gene commonly correspond to gain-of-function alterations leading to increased receptor signaling. METHODS: We have reviewed the literature currently available on HER2 mutations in human breast cancer (BC) evaluating type and frequency of such mutations. The primary objective was to determine the frequency and the number of patients with HER2-mut in the series analyzed...
July 31, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748190/management-of-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-monoclonal-gammopathy-of-undetermined-significance-and-multiple-myeloma
#4
Alisse Hannaford, David Del Bello, Siyang Leng, Ajai Chari, Ponni Perumalswami, Douglas Dieterich, Andrea Branch
Background and Aim: The vast majority of the 2.7 million individuals in the United States who are currently infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) were born between 1945 and 1965. The median age of these patients in this particular generation at the time of this writing was 55 years. In the general population, older age is a risk factor for multiple myeloma (MM) and other monogammopathies. As the baby boomer population ages, HCV providers are increasingly likely to encounter HCV-infected patients with a monoclonal gammopathy...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735270/subcutaneous-levetiracetam-for-the-management-of-seizures-at-the-end-of-life
#5
REVIEW
Anna Elizabeth Sutherland, John Curtin, Victoria Bradley, Olivia Bush, Maggie Presswood, Victoria Hedges, Katrien Naessens
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a combined case series analysis of subcutaneous levetiracetam (Keppra) for the management of seizures in palliative care patients. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review on the use of subcutaneous levetiracetam was performed, and these data were combined with a prospective observational audit of its use in terminal care undertaken in a regional palliative care network. RESULTS: 7 papers were identified from the literature review-four case reports and three observational case series-reporting on a total of 53 cases where subcutaneous levetiracetam was administered...
July 22, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730517/selective-igm-deficiency-clinical-and-laboratory-features-of-17-patients-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Zita Chovancova, Pavlina Kralickova, Alena Pejchalova, Marketa Bloomfield, Jana Nechvatalova, Marcela Vlkova, Jiri Litzman
PURPOSE: Primary selective IgM deficiency (sIgMD) is a primary immunodeficiency with unclear pathogenesis and a low number of published cases. METHODS: We reviewed clinical and laboratory manifestations of 17 sIgMD patients. Serum IgM, IgG, and its subclasses, IgA, IgE, antibodies against tetanus toxoid, pneumococcal polysaccharides and Haemophilus influenzae type b, isohemagglutinins, and T and B lymphocyte subsets, expressions of IgM on B cells and B lymphocyte production of IgM were compared with previously reported case reports and a small series of patients, which included 81 subjects in total...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724193/saline-irrigation-for-the-management-of-skin-extravasation-injury-in-neonates
#7
REVIEW
P N Gopalakrishnan, Nitin Goel, Sujoy Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Extravasation injury, a complication commonly seen in the neonatal intensive care unit, can result in scarring with cosmetic and functional sequelae. A wide variety of treatments are available, including subcutaneous irrigation with saline (with or without hyaluronidase), liposuction, use of specific antidotes, topical applications, and normal wound care with dry or wet dressings. All such treatments aim to prevent or reduce the severity of complications. OBJECTIVES: Primary objective To compare the efficacy and safety of saline irrigation or saline irrigation with prior hyaluronidase infiltration versus no intervention or normal wound care for tissue healing in neonates with extravasation injury...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686146/synovial-cysts-of-the-spine-long-term-follow-up-after-surgical-treatment-of-141-cases-in-a-single-center-series-and-comprehensive-literature-review-of-2900-degenerative-spinal-cysts
#8
Markus Bruder, Adriano Cattani, Florian Gessler, Christian Droste, Matthias Setzer, Volker Seifert, Gerhard Marquardt
OBJECTIVE Synovial cysts of the spine are rare lesions, predominantly arising in the lumbar region. Despite their generally benign behavior, they can cause severe symptoms due to compression of neural structures in the spinal canal. Treatment strategies are still a matter of discussion. The authors performed a single-center survey and literature search focusing on long-term results after minimally invasive surgery. METHODS A total of 141 consecutive patients treated for synovial cysts of the lumbar spine between 1997 and 2014 in the authors' department were analyzed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680503/adenomatous-tumors-of-the-middle-ear-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Flavia Amarante Cardoso, Eduardo Machado Rossi Monteiro, Livia Bernardi Lopes, Marianna Novaes da Costa Avila, Bernardo Oliveira Scarioli
Introduction  Neuroendocrine adenomas of the middle ear (NAME) are uncommon causes of middle ear masses. Mostly limited to case reports and small series, the literature is poor in providing an overall assessment of these tumors. Objective  To review the current literature about all aspects of the disease, including its etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment. Data Synthesis  The pathogenesis of adenomatous tumors of the middle ear is not clear yet. One potential explanation is that an undifferentiated pluripotent endodermal stem cell may still be present in the middle ear mucosal surface, and may be the origin of the tumors...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673493/variations-of-palatal-canal-morphology-in-maxillary-molars-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#10
Ali Nosrat, Prashant Verma, M Lamar Hicks, S Craig Schneider, Ali Behnia, Adham A Azim
A series of challenging cases with unusual canal anatomy in the palatal roots of maxillary first and second molars is presented. A review of the literature was done to elucidate the prevalence of anatomic variations in the palatal canal of maxillary first and second molars. An uncertain or indefinite radiographic appearance of the palatal canal, or eccentric deviation of the master cone or previous root canal filling was considered an indication of a bifurcated palatal canal. Five maxillary molars with a bifurcated palatal canal were identified...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663675/synchronous-gall-bladder-and-bile-duct-cancer-a-short-series-of-seven-cases-and-a-brief-review-of-literature
#11
Harshal Rajekar
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous presence of cancer in the gall bladder and in the biliary tree could be due to local spread, metastases, de novo multifocal origin, or as part of a field change. In the past, such an association has been described in patients with anomalous pancreatico-biliary ductal junction. AIMS: We studied seven consecutive patients with simultaneous gall bladder and bile duct malignancy with a view to identify the best way to treat them, and if possible to hypothesize the etiopathogenesis...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660826/giant-solitary-fibrous-tumour-of-the-pleura-an-unpredictable-entity-case-series-and-literature-review
#12
J M Ali, A Ali, M Van Leuven, W R Bartosik
A small proportion of tumours can undergo malignant transformation. We report a case series of five patients diagnosed with giant solitary fibrous tumours of the pleura. These cases highlight the unpredictable nature of this disease process, with significant variability in clinical course observed, from indolence to aggressive progression. Three patients were found to have malignant disease on explant, with two of these having preoperative imaging and histology suggesting benign pathology. This finding emphasises that accurately differentiating between benign and malignant disease on imaging and/or biopsy has low specificity and sensitivity and cannot be relied upon in guiding the management of these tumours...
July 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645980/association-between-human-herpesvirus-infections-and-dementia-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Charlotte Warren-Gash, Harriet Forbes, Judith Breuer, Andrew C Hayward, Angelique Mavrodaris, Basil H Ridha, Martin Rossor, Sara L Thomas, Liam Smeeth
INTRODUCTION: Persisting neurotropic viruses are proposed to increase the risk of dementia, but evidence of association from robust, adequately powered population studies is lacking. This is essential to inform clinical trials of targeted preventive interventions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will carry out a comprehensive systematic review of published and grey literature of the association between infection with, reactivation of, vaccination against or treatment of any of the eight human herpesviruses and dementia or mild cognitive impairment...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644948/traumatic-buccal-fat-pad-herniation-in-young-children-a-systematic-review-and-case-report
#14
Seon-Yeong Kim, Angenine Alfafara, Jin-Woo Kim, Sun-Jong Kim
PURPOSE: Traumatic herniation of a buccal fat pad, predominantly seen in young children, is a rare condition. Because of its rarity and clinical features that resemble tumors, clinicians are faced with challenges at the initial diagnosis. This report describes a case of buccal fat pad herniation with excellent long-term prognosis after surgical relocation and conservative treatment and presents a systematic review of the literature on its management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a PubMed search, 811 articles were initially identified...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642988/development-of-pulmonary-hypertension-during-treatment-with-diazoxide-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#15
Matthew R Timlin, Alexander B Black, Heather M Delaney, Renée I Matos, Candace S Percival
Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infancy. The mainstay of medical management for CHI is diazoxide. Diazoxide inhibits insulin release from the pancreas, but also causes smooth muscle relaxation and fluid retention so it is typically given with chlorothiazide. In July 2015, the FDA issued a drug safety communication warning that pulmonary hypertension (PH) had been reported in 11 infants being treated with diazoxide and that the PH resolved with withdrawal of diazoxide...
June 22, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639869/economic-burden-of-inpatient-admission-of-ankle-fractures
#16
Justin D Stull, Suneel B Bhat, Justin M Kane, Steven M Raikin
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures are among the most prevalent traumatic orthopaedic injuries. A large proportion of patients sustaining operative ankle fractures are admitted directly from the emergency department prior to operative management. In the authors' experience, however, many closed ankle injuries may be safely and effectively managed on an outpatient basis. The aim of this study was to characterize the economic impact of routine inpatient admission of ankle fractures. METHODS: A retrospective review of all outpatient ankle fracture surgery performed by a single foot and ankle fellowship-trained surgeon at a tertiary level academic center in 2012 was conducted to identify any patients requiring postoperative inpatient admission...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623650/the-incidence-of-dissociated-liners-in-4-751-consecutive-total-hip-arthroplasties-using-pinnacle-polyethylene-acetabular-liners
#17
Richard J Napier, Owen Diamond, Chris K J O'Neill, Seamus O'Brien, David E Beverland
INTRODUCTION: Acetabular liner dissociation is a complication exclusive to modular designs. We present a single surgeon series of 8 polyethylene liner dissociations with the Pinnacle Acetabular System (DePuy Orthopaedics) from over 4,750 cases. We also present a review of the literature and data from the UK National Joint Registry (NJR) on dissociation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: The Pinnacle Acetabular System has been used exclusively by the senior author since April 2003, and to date 5,882 have been implanted (837 ceramic liners, 4,751 polyethylene liners (1,606 Enduron/3,145 Marathon) and 294 metal liners)...
June 14, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622635/management-of-parturients-with-factor-xi-deficiency-10year-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Lynda Verghese, Efterpi Tingi, Jecko Thachil, Charles Hay, Louise Byrd
This is an article reviewing the management of pregnant women with factor XI (FXI) deficiency. Retrospective review of the electronic records of 67 pregnancies in 25 women with FXI deficiency over a ten-year period was undertaken. All women received care at St Mary's Tertiary Referral Obstetric/Haematology Clinic for some or all of their pregnancies. Outcome measures included antenatal complications, mode of delivery, anaesthesia provided and postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and management required. A positive bleeding history was identified in 50% of women prior to pregnancy...
August 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604460/intention-to-treat-analysis-of-radical-trachelectomy-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-with-special-reference-to-oncologic-failures-single-institutional-experience-in-hungary
#19
Robert Póka, Szabolcs Molnár, Péter Daragó, János Lukács, Rudolf Lampé, Zoárd Krasznai, Zoltán Hernádi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate clinical and pathological data in order to draw eligibility criteria for oncologically sufficient radical trachelectomy (RT) in early-stage cervical cancer. Reviewing all cases of attempted RT performed at our unit, we focused attention on prognostic indicators of the need for additional oncologic treatment following RT. The analysis was extended by extensive literature review to include previously published cases of oncologic failures. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed data of patients who underwent RT at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Debrecen...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601898/varied-facets-of-rectal-atresia-and-rectal-stenosis
#20
Shilpa Sharma, Devendra K Gupta
Rectal atresia (RA) and rectal stenosis (RS) are rare anomalies with varied treatment options. A thorough literature review was done on reported cases/series of RA and RS. Based on evidence from cases managed over last 15 years, new insights into embryology were hypothesized. A comprehensive review was compiled with updated knowledge on diagnosis and management. RA is classified into five types I: II: III: IV: V as RS: RA with septal defect: RA with a fibrous cord between two atretic ends: RA with a gap: Multiple RA and/or RS...
August 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
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