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Case series review if the literature

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101826/sagittal-band-boutonniere-and-pulley-injuries-in-the-athlete
#1
REVIEW
Louis Christopher Grandizio, Joel Christian Klena
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While hand injuries occur frequently in the athletic population, sagittal band ruptures, boutonniere deformities, and pulley ruptures are infrequently encountered. These injuries represent diagnostic challenges and can result in significant impairment. Early recognition with appropriate treatment is necessary to maximize recovery and minimize return to athletic competition. This review will focus on the underlying mechanism, pathophysiology of injury, diagnosis, and treatment of each of these injuries...
January 18, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092986/a-review-of-the-treatment-of-primary-orthostatic-hypotension
#2
Genevieve M Hale, Jose Valdes, Michael Brenner
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy and safety of pharmacological and nonpharmacological strategies used to treat primary orthostatic hypotension (OH). DATA SOURCES: A literature review using PubMed and MEDLINE databases searching hypotension, non-pharmacological therapy, midodrine, droxidopa, pyridostigmine, fludrocortisone, atomoxetine, pseudoephedrine, and octreotide was performed. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Randomized or observational studies, cohorts, case series, or case reports written in English between January 1970 and November 2016 that assessed primary OH treatment in adult patients were evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092909/immune-mediated-neuropathies-following-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-for-multiple-myeloma-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Ghulam Rehman Mohyuddin, Jacqueline Uy, Honhar Medhavi, Muhammad Salman Faisal, Muzaffar H Qazilbash
Neuropathy is a common finding in patients with multiple myeloma. Several different factors can cause neuropathy in these patients, such as the underlying disease itself, medications used for treatment, or immune-mediated processes. Immune-mediated neuropathies (IMN) consist of a heterogeneous spectrum of peripheral nerve disorders. Although IMN is associated with several hematological disorders, it remains a very rare complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT). We describe our experiences of 3 patients with multiple myeloma who experienced IMN following autologous HCT (auto-HCT)...
January 17, 2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079833/the-rare-ethambutol-induced-optic-neuropathy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Wei Song, Shancheng Si
RATIONALE: Ethambutol-induced optic neuropathy (EON) is a well-known complication that results from the use of ethambutol. The ocular manifestations of EON include painless loss of central vision and cecocentral scotomas in the visual field. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 75-year-old Chinese Han man suffered from this rare ocular disorder because he took ethambutol for about 8 months. DIAGNOSES: He was diagnosed as EON based on series of ophthalmic examinations performed...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079432/primary-tumors-of-the-facial-nerve-misdiagnosed-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Haijin Yi, Bin Hu, Guoping Yin, Xin Li, Jinkun Xu, Jingying Ye, Shi-Ming Yang
CONCLUSION: Unusual primary tumors of the facial nerve should be considered in patients with progressive facial paralysis, especially if this is accompanied by hearing loss or vertigo. Misdiagnosis could increase the difficulties of operation, diminish the chance of facial nerve reconstruction, and increase the likelihood of poor reconstructive outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This paper was to determine the characteristics of facial nerve primary tumors misdiagnosed as tumor-free conditions many years prior, and to describe appropriate treatments...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068454/non-surgical-interventions-for-acute-internal-hordeolum
#6
REVIEW
Kristina Lindsley, Jason J Nichols, Kay Dickersin
BACKGROUND: A hordeolum is a common, painful inflammation of the eyelid margin that is usually caused by a bacterial infection. The infection affects oil glands of the eyelid and can be either internal or external. In many cases, the lesion drains spontaneously and resolves without treatment; however, the inflammation can spread to other ocular glands or tissues, and recurrences are common. If unresolved, an acute internal hordeolum can become chronic, or can develop into a chalazion...
January 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064381/robotic-repair-of-a-large-abdominal-intercostal-hernia-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Stephani C Wang, Tejinder P Singh
Abdominal intercostal hernia is an uncommon phenomenon, reported in few case reports and small case series. If left untreated, it can lead to strangulation and visceral ischemia. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate surgical intervention are thus critical to prevent resulting morbidity. We present a 50-year-old woman with a large abdominal intercostal hernia after an open nephrectomy. She underwent a successful robotic repair of the hernia with mesh placement. Through the presentation, we would like to raise awareness of intercostal hernia as a complication of open nephrectomy and significance of early diagnosis in avoiding potential morbidity...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062874/-gallbladder-agenesis-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#8
Robert Ordóñez-Samaniego, Miguel Puga-Tejada
Gallbladder agenesis is a rare disease, which its symptomatology emulates biliary pathology. It is presented between 0.007 to 0.027% of those patients in whom a cholecystectomy is performed. After it, its evolution is asymptomatic. We present the case of a 19 years old female patient with clinical presentationof cholelithiasis. Ultrasound reveals scleroatrophic vesicle. Elective cholecystectomy was performed,but the gallbladder was not found. The patient presented an asymptomatic evolution in the postoperative period and in the annual follow-up...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056156/deep-infections-after-syndesmotic-fixation-with-a-suture-button-device
#9
Amanda J Fantry, Seth W O'Donnell, Chris T Born, Roman A Hayda
Suture button devices such as the TightRope (Arthrex, Naples, Florida) have been increasingly used for syndesmotic fixation of ankle fractures. Despite proposed advantages, prior studies have shown equivalent outcomes, with a theoretical decreased need for removal of hardware. Complications of suture button fixation of syndesmotic instability may be underreported and include lateral suture knot inflammation with or without granuloma formation, infection, aseptic osteolysis with widening of the tibial drill tunnels, heterotopic ossification, and osteomyelitis...
January 5, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038793/histologic-characteristics-of-thymic-adenocarcinomas-clinicopathologic-study-of-a-nine-case-series-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Ah-Young Kwon, Joungho Han, Jinah Chu, Yong Soo Choi, Byeong-Ho Jeong, Myung-Ju Ahn, Yong Chan Ahn
Primary thymic adenocarcinoma is an extraordinarily rare malignancy; only 49 cases have been reported in the medical literature to date. Because of its rarity, clinical and pathologic characteristics of thymic adenocarcinoma are unclear. We present nine cases of primary thymic adenocarcinoma and discuss clinicopathologic findings in the context of the existing literature. Two-hundred twenty-six thymic carcinoma cases were diagnosed at Samsung Medical Center in Korea, from January, 2001 to July, 2016. Nine of these 226 cases were primary thymic adenocarcinomas...
November 15, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034465/locally-advanced-vulva-cancer-a-single-centre-review-of-anovulvectomy-and-a-systematic-review-of-surgical-chemotherapy-and-radiotherapy-alternatives-is-an-international-collaborative-rct-destined-for-the-too-difficult-to-do-box
#11
REVIEW
Rachel Louise O'Donnell, Leen Verleye, Nithya Ratnavelu, Khadra Galaal, Ann Fisher, Raj Naik
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of locally advanced vulva cancer (LAVC) remains challenging. Due to the lack of randomised trials many questions regarding the indications for different treatment options and their efficacy remain unanswered. METHODS: In this retrospective study we provide the largest published series of LAVC patients treated with anovulvectomy, reporting oncological outcomes and morbidity. Additionally, a systematic literature review was performed for all treatment options 1946-2015...
December 26, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027993/tuberculosis-and-hypertension-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Anneline Borchsenius Seegert, Frauke Rudolf, Christian Wejse, Dinesh Neupane
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains a major health problem in low- and middle-income countries, and in many of those countries, the burden of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension is rising. The knowledge about how these diseases influence on each other is not well understood. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the evidence for an association between hypertension and tuberculosis. RESULTS: There were 3 retrospective cohort studies, 3 case-control studies, 8 cross-sectional studies, 12 case series and 20 case reports exploring the association between hypertension and tuberculosis...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998188/can-the-surgical-tourniquet-be-used-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-or-trait-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Marco Pignatti, Sara Zanella, Caterina Borgna-Pignatti
In patients with sickle cell disease, circulatory stasis, acidosis, and hypoxemia induce red cell deoxygenation and consequent sickling. Tourniquets are an important adjunct in limb surgery to obtain a bloodless field. Many local and systemic effects, due to the inflation and deflation of the tourniquet, can develop. These effects may have severe consequences if comorbidities are present. The use of a tourniquet in sickle cell patients is controversial because it may provoke vaso-occlusive complications. Areas covered:We reviewed the literature to detect reports of the use of tourniquet in sickle cell disease or sickle trait...
December 27, 2016: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978568/reconstructive-techniques-for-the-saddle-nose-deformity-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-systematic-review
#14
Waleed H Ezzat, Rebecca A Compton, Krystyne C Basa, Jessica Levi
Importance: Repairing the saddle nose deformity in the setting of granulomatosis with polyangiitis disease is a rare but challenging situation for any surgeon. Given that the available data in the literature is based on case reports and small case series, there is little evidence available to help delineate which reconstructive techniques are optimal. Objective: To examine which techniques were most successful in reconstructive rhinoplasty for a saddle nose deformity secondary to granulomatosis with polyangiitis...
December 15, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960535/en-bloc-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumors-a-new-standard
#15
Angelo Naselli, Paolo Puppo
OBJECTIVE: To assess safety and efficacy, namely pathological assessment of the specimen and recurrence rate, of en bloc transurethral resection (EBTUR) of bladder tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the available literature on PubMed. Seventeen articles, mainly prospective case series, were found. EBTUR is performed with a great variety of equipments, whereas the resection technique is similar. RESULTS: Overall, 895 patients have been submitted to EBTUR, accounting for 1191 lesions...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911445/long-term-outcomes-of-punch-punctoplasty-with-kelly-punch-and-review-of-literature
#16
E S Wong, E Y Li, H K Yuen
PurposeTo report long-term outcomes of punch punctoplasty utilizing the Kelly punch and to compare the results with other described methods of punctoplasty in literature.Patients and methodsA retrospective, non-comparative interventional case series of patients who underwent punch punctoplasty at the Hong Kong Eye Hospital over an 8-year period. A standard Kelly Descemet's membrane punch was utilized for punctal enlargement in all cases. Patient records and their operative records were reviewed. Anatomical success was defined by well-patent puncta on follow-up...
December 2, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885348/should-prophylactic-anticoagulation-be-considered-with-large-uterine-leiomyoma-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#17
Mohamed A Satti, Carmen Paredes Saenz, Rubin Raju, Sierra Cuthpert, Abed Kanzy, Sina Abhari, John Hebert Iii, Frederico G Rocha
Introduction. Uterine leiomyomas, also called uterine fibroids or myomas, are the most common pelvic tumors in women. They are very rarely the cause of acute complications. However, when complications occur they cause significant morbidity and mortality. Thromboembolic disease has been described as a rare complication of uterine leiomyomas. DVT is a serious illness, sometimes causing death due to acute PE. Cases. We report a case series of 3 patients with thromboembolic disease associated with uterine leiomyoma at Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Michigan, during 2015 and conduct a literature review on the topic...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876325/does-early-goal-directed-therapy-decrease-mortality-compared-with-standard-care-in-patients-with-septic-shock
#18
Michael E Winters, Robert Sherwin, Gary M Vilke, Gabriel Wardi
BACKGROUND: Current international guidelines for the treatment of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock recommend that patients receive targeted care to various physiologic endpoints, thereby optimizing tissue perfusion and oxygenation. These recommendations are primarily derived from a protocol published >15 years ago, which was viewed by many as complex and was therefore not widely adopted. Instead, many emergency physicians focused on the administration of early antibiotics, source control, aggressive fluid resuscitation, vasoactive medications as needed to maintain mean arterial blood pressure, and careful monitoring of these patients...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873347/infantile-hemangioma-with-minimal-or-arrested-growth-further-observations-on-clinical-and-histopathologic-findings-of-this-unique-but-underrecognized-entity
#19
Ellen Hui Ma, Susan J Robertson, Chung W Chow, Philip S Bekhor
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) with minimal or arrested growth (IH-MAG) is becoming increasingly recognized in the literature. It is important to be aware of their existence, because the correct diagnosis is essential for prognostication and treatment and, in the case of facial segmental lesions, the direction of further investigations if PHACE (posterior fossa abnormalities and other structural brain abnormalities; hemangioma(s) of the cervical facial region; arterial cerebrovascular anomalies; cardiac defects, aortic coarctation, and other aortic abnormalities; eye anomalies) syndrome or Sturge-Weber syndrome is suspected...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872030/male-sexual-function-and-smoking
#20
REVIEW
Mark G Biebel, Arthur L Burnett, Hossein Sadeghi-Nejad
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common disorder that has many potential etiologies, including hormonal imbalances, psychogenic factors, neurologic disorders, vascular insufficiency, and other risk factors. Cigarette smoking has been well established as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke, but the relation between smoking and ED is less frequently considered. AIM: To review the current literature that analyzes the association between cigarette smoking and ED...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
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