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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911445/long-term-outcomes-of-punch-punctoplasty-with-kelly-punch-and-review-of-literature
#1
E S Wong, E Y Li, H K Yuen
PurposeTo report long-term outcomes of punch punctoplasty utilizing the Kelly punch and to compare the results with other described methods of punctoplasty in literature.Patients and methodsA retrospective, non-comparative interventional case series of patients who underwent punch punctoplasty at the Hong Kong Eye Hospital over an 8-year period. A standard Kelly Descemet's membrane punch was utilized for punctal enlargement in all cases. Patient records and their operative records were reviewed. Anatomical success was defined by well-patent puncta on follow-up...
December 2, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885348/should-prophylactic-anticoagulation-be-considered-with-large-uterine-leiomyoma-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#2
Mohamed A Satti, Carmen Paredes Saenz, Rubin Raju, Sierra Cuthpert, Abed Kanzy, Sina Abhari, John Hebert Iii, Frederico G Rocha
Introduction. Uterine leiomyomas, also called uterine fibroids or myomas, are the most common pelvic tumors in women. They are very rarely the cause of acute complications. However, when complications occur they cause significant morbidity and mortality. Thromboembolic disease has been described as a rare complication of uterine leiomyomas. DVT is a serious illness, sometimes causing death due to acute PE. Cases. We report a case series of 3 patients with thromboembolic disease associated with uterine leiomyoma at Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Michigan, during 2015 and conduct a literature review on the topic...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876325/does-early-goal-directed-therapy-decrease-mortality-compared-with-standard-care-in-patients-with-septic-shock
#3
Michael E Winters, Robert Sherwin, Gary M Vilke, Gabriel Wardi
BACKGROUND: Current international guidelines for the treatment of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock recommend that patients receive targeted care to various physiologic endpoints, thereby optimizing tissue perfusion and oxygenation. These recommendations are primarily derived from a protocol published >15 years ago, which was viewed by many as complex and was therefore not widely adopted. Instead, many emergency physicians focused on the administration of early antibiotics, source control, aggressive fluid resuscitation, vasoactive medications as needed to maintain mean arterial blood pressure, and careful monitoring of these patients...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873347/infantile-hemangioma-with-minimal-or-arrested-growth-further-observations-on-clinical-and-histopathologic-findings-of-this-unique-but-underrecognized-entity
#4
Ellen Hui Ma, Susan J Robertson, Chung W Chow, Philip S Bekhor
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) with minimal or arrested growth (IH-MAG) is becoming increasingly recognized in the literature. It is important to be aware of their existence, because the correct diagnosis is essential for prognostication and treatment and, in the case of facial segmental lesions, the direction of further investigations if PHACE (posterior fossa abnormalities and other structural brain abnormalities; hemangioma(s) of the cervical facial region; arterial cerebrovascular anomalies; cardiac defects, aortic coarctation, and other aortic abnormalities; eye anomalies) syndrome or Sturge-Weber syndrome is suspected...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872030/male-sexual-function-and-smoking
#5
REVIEW
Mark G Biebel, Arthur L Burnett, Hossein Sadeghi-Nejad
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common disorder that has many potential etiologies, including hormonal imbalances, psychogenic factors, neurologic disorders, vascular insufficiency, and other risk factors. Cigarette smoking has been well established as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke, but the relation between smoking and ED is less frequently considered. AIM: To review the current literature that analyzes the association between cigarette smoking and ED...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865062/endoscopic-nasopharyngectomy-in-recurrent-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-a-case-series-literature-review-and-pooled-analysis
#6
Alexander C Vlantis, Dennis L Y Lee, Eddy W Y Wong, Samuel M W Chow, Siu K Ng, Jason Y K Chan
BACKGROUND: To critically evaluate the use of endoscopic nasopharyngectomy in the treatment of recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) through a case series, systematic literature review, and pooled analysis. METHODS: A case series of 18 patients combined with systematic literature review and pooled analysis of PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus search, identifying 576 papers. After excluding 307 papers as search engine duplicates, only 16 of the remaining papers had adequate patient data to be included...
November 16, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859341/quality-of-life-before-and-after-different-treatment-modalities-in-peripheral-facial-palsy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Robin E Luijmes, Sjaak Pouwels, Carien H G Beurskens, Ingrid J Kleiss, Ietske Siemann, Koen J A O Ingels
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was conducted to investigate the effect of peripheral facial palsy (PFP) on the quality of life (QoL). Secondly, we investigated if different treatment modalities influence the QoL of patients with PFP. METHODS: A multidatabase systematic literature search was performed using the following databases: PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, and The Cochrane Library from the earliest date of each database up to August 2015. The inclusion criteria were either prospective and/or retrospective cohort trials and/or case series measurement of QoL before and after treatment, patients with PFP (irrespective of etiology), and various treatment modalities (medication, physical therapy, botulinum toxin injections, and several types of surgical procedures)...
November 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848200/vancomycin-induced-thrombocytopenia-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Mehdi Mohammadi, Zahra Jahangard-Rafsanjani, Amir Sarayani, Molouk Hadjibabaei, Maryam Taghizadeh-Ghehi
Thrombocytopenia has been reported as an adverse reaction of numerous drugs. Vancomycin is often overlooked as a culprit but has been associated with several cases of thrombocytopenia that were not well described in the literature. A literature search was conducted to find reports of thrombocytopenia induced by vancomycin. Biomedical databases including 'PubMed', 'Scopus', and 'Web of Science' were searched using terms 'vancomycin', 'platelet', 'pancytopenia', 'thrombocytopenia', and 'bleeding'. English language articles published before July 2015 were included...
November 15, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836772/return-to-play-in-athletes-with-spinal-cord-concussion-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Narihito Nagoshi, Lindsay Tetreault, Hiroaki Nakashima, Aria Nouri, Michael G Fehlings
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether spinal cord concussion (SCC) patients can safely return to play sports and if there are factors that can predict SCC recurrence or development of a spinal cord injury (SCI). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although SCC is a reversible neurologic disturbance of spinal cord function, its management and the implications for return to play controversial. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of the literature using keywords Cervical Spine AND Sports AND Injuries in six databases...
November 8, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831515/soft-palate-injuries-during-orotracheal-intubation-with-the-videolaryngoscope
#10
Quang Pham, Mark Lentner, Amanda Hu
OBJECTIVE: The videolaryngoscope has gained popularity for providing superior visualization in intubations. A rare complication of this technology is soft palate injury. Through a literature review and case series, we highlight the risks associated with the Glidescope and McGrath videolaryngoscopes and the management of soft palate injuries. METHOD: A case series of multi-institutional review of medical records was performed to identify patients with soft palate injuries from the videolaryngoscope...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821411/the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-can-we-raise-the-standard-of-care
#11
REVIEW
Stanley Victor Catts, Brian Ignatius O'Toole
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that over time health outcomes of people with schizophrenia are deteriorating rather than improving both in terms of mortality rate and levels of morbidity, even in Australia where service resourcing is substantial. Our objective was to examine the evidence of whether poor outcomes reflect decreases in treatment effectiveness and, if so, what are the barriers to improving standards of care. This review will argue that the confidence of clinicians to diagnose schizophrenia early, and provide assertive and long-term care, may be being undermined by a series of controversies in the published literature and discrepancies in clinical practice guidelines...
November 7, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812246/cml-as-part-of-dual-malignancies-a-retrospective-analysis-possible-mechanisms-and-review-of-literature
#12
Kamal Kant Sahu, Yanamandra Uday, Amanjit Bal, Neelam Varma, Shano Naseem, Alka Khadwal, Gaurav Prakash, S Varma, Pankaj Malhotra
Introduction of imatinib has changed the outlook of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients with overall survival approaching general population. Long term survival in CML patients has provided an opportunity to better study natural history and long term complications of disease as well as the treatment modalities. To study the occurrence and association of other malignancies with their outcomes in patients with CML. This is a single centre retrospective study. All CML patients case records registered with haematology clinic of a tertiary care centre in North India from 2001 to 2014 were perused and evaluated for dual malignancies...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803078/the-role-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Ross Campbell, Shaun J Kilty, Brian Hutton, James P Bonaparte
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux. The secondary objective was determining if H pylori eradication leads to greater symptom improvement in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux as compared with standard proton pump inhibitor therapy alone. DATA SOURCES: EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, MEDLINE, World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, European Union Clinical Trials Register, Cochrane Library databases of clinical trials, and ClinicalTrials...
November 1, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793603/corneal-toxicity-associated-with-aquarium-coral-palytoxin
#14
Asim V Farooq, Allister G Gibbons, Matthew D Council, George J Harocopos, Simon Holland, Jeffrey Judelson, Bradley L Shoss, Eric J Schmidt, Umi Kalthum Md Noh, Alexander D'Angelo, Rao V Chundury, Richard Judelson, Victor L Perez, Andrew J W Huang
PURPOSE: To report a series of patients who developed corneal toxicity after exposure to aquarium coral palytoxin. DESIGN: Multi-center retrospective case series. METHODS: Retrospective review. RESULTS: Seven patients presented with corneal findings ranging from superficial punctate epitheliopathy to bilateral corneal melt with subsequent perforation. Among those with mild corneal findings, resolution was achieved with topical steroids and lubrication, whereas some patients who developed progressive corneal melt required therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790121/long-term-survival-after-resection-of-lung-metastases-from-hepatocellular-cancer-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Sneha Chelimeda, Teresa Bejarano, Robert Lowe, Mahmoud Soliman, Qing Zhao, Kevan L Hartshorn
Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is increasing dramatically in incidence in Europe and the United States due mainly to the hepatitis C epidemic and, to a lesser extent, increased body mass index of the population. In the fairly recent past, HCC was largely considered as untreatable due to detection mainly at late stages and lack of effective drugs for treatment. Several advances have led to changes in the prognosis of HCC. Screening of high-risk populations has allowed for earlier detection in some studies. If found at an early stage, liver transplantation not only cures the usual underlying cirrhosis but has cure rates for HCC in the range of 60% in recent series...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769331/purpureocillium-lilacinum-keratitis-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Rusheng Chew, Andrew Dorman, Marion L Woods
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features and risk factors of and optimal antifungal therapy for Purpureocillium lilacinum keratitis. DESIGN: Retrospective case series in a quaternary referral hospital setting. METHODS: Comprehensive chart review of patients diagnosed with P. lilacinum keratitis in the past 10 years. PARTICIPANTS: Four patients were identified. All were aged 60 years or greater, with none having prior ocular trauma...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766633/inadvertent-intrathecal-injections-and-best-practice-management
#17
REVIEW
H Liu, R Tariq, G L Liu, H Yan, A D Kaye
The intrathecal space has become an important anatomic site for medical intervention not only in anesthesia practice, but also in many other medical specialties. Undesired/inadvertent intrathecal injections (UII) are generally rare. There is tremendous variation in reported inadvertent administrations via an intrathecal route in the literature, mainly as individual cases and very small case-series reports. This review aims to identify potential sources of UII, its clinical presentations, and appropriate management...
October 21, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747701/dental-implants-in-patients-treated-with-antiresorptive-medication-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
Christian Walter, Bilal Al-Nawas, Tim Wolff, Eik Schiegnitz, Knut A Grötz
OBJECTIVE: Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaws (BP-ONJ) is triggered by inflammatory processes. Typical trigger factors are periodontal disease, denture pressure sores, and surgical interventions such as tooth extractions. Unfortunately there is only little data on how to proceed with implant therapy in patients with bisphosphonate treatment. This topic is not addressed in the German guidelines on medication-associated osteonecrosis. Therefore a systematic literature review was performed...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743436/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis
#19
Selahattin Çaliskan, Emrah Özsoy, Selçuk Kaba, Orhan Koca, Metin Isak Öztürk
INTRODUCTION: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation of the kidney. This pathology was firstly described in 1916 and a small number of patient series were reported in the literature. In this study, we aimed to report the patients with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in our nephrectomy cases. METHODS: The patients who underwent nephrectomy and were diagnosed with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in our hospital database were reviewed retrospectively...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742514/transient-diabetes-insipidus-after-discontinuation-of-vasopressin-in-neurological-icu-patients-case-series-and-literature-review
#20
Michael A Bohl, James Forseth, Peter Nakaji
BACKGROUND: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a common second-line or third-line vasopressor used in critically ill neurosurgical patients. Neurosurgical indications include hyperdynamic therapy for vasospasm, maintenance of cerebral perfusion pressure in patients with intracranial hypertension, and prevention of hypotension in patients with sepsis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A series of six neurosurgical patients receiving AVP infusions developed severe but transient diabetes insipidus (tDI) after cessation of AVP...
October 11, 2016: World Neurosurgery
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