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Case series review if the literature

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210820/update-review-and-clinical-presentation-in-adult-inferior-dislocation-of-hip
#1
REVIEW
Kevin Syam, Balaji Saibaba, Sameer Aggarwal, Sivaswaminathan Santhanam, Gopinath Palanisamy
Inferior dislocation of the hip is a rare clinical entity, wherein closed reduction maneuver could be challenging, especially if the attending surgeon is not familiar with the specific anatomy associated with this injury. Due to the rarity of this type of injury, large case series are lacking in the literature; hence, case reports form the major source of our knowledge regarding the clinical presentation and management. An extensive literature search revealed a change in age group presenting with this specific injury, with a male predilection...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179040/endoscopic-sphenopalatine-artery-ligation-for-acute-idiopathic-epistaxis-do-anatomical-variation-and-a-limited-evidence-base-raise-questions-regarding-its-place-in-management
#2
A Ellinas, P Jervis, G Kenyon, L M Flood
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation is widely accepted as effective and safe for acute spontaneous epistaxis that is unresponsive to conservative management. As with many new procedures, it has been progressively adopted as common practice, despite a limited evidence base for its efficacy. Early reviews called for comparative trials to support its adoption, but subsequent literature largely consists of case series and narrative reviews. These have attempted to derive an algorithm to establish its place in management, but consensus is still lacking...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173638/valproate-protein-binding-is-highly-variable-in-icu-patients-and-not-predicted-by-total-serum-concentrations-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#3
Richard R Riker, David J Gagnon, Colman Hatton, Teresa May, David B Seder, Katie Stokem, Gilles L Fraser
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The free fraction of valproate (the pharmacologically active moiety, normally 5-10%) may vary significantly in critically ill patients, but this topic is understudied, with only 4 prior ICU case reports. The objective of this study was to evaluate the range of valproate plasma protein binding in ICU patients. DESIGN: Observational study of consecutive ICU patients. SETTING: Neurocritical and medical critical care services in a non-university academic medical center...
February 7, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170299/gender-dysphoria-and-co-existing-psychosis-review-and-four-case-examples-of-successful-gender-affirmative-treatment
#4
Julia H Meijer, Guus M Eeckhout, Roy H T van Vlerken, Annelou L C de Vries
PURPOSE: Controversy exists as to if, and when, gender affirmative (GA) treatment should be offered to individuals with gender dysphoria (GD) and co-existing psychosis. Concerns exist regarding a high risk of misdiagnosing, regret afterward due to impulsive decision making, and deterioration of psychotic symptoms. This case series aims at extending the sparse literature on GA treatment in this population by identifying challenges in diagnosis and treatment and offering recommendations to overcome them...
February 7, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167879/early-revision-surgery-for-tibial-plateau-non-union-and-mal-union
#5
Dominic L Van Nielen, Christopher S Smith, David L Helfet, Peter Kloen
BACKGROUND: Although relatively rare, non-unions and mal-unions of tibial plateau fractures present significant challenges for the orthopedic surgeon. With careful pre-operative planning, tibial plateau mal-union or non-union revision surgery with intra-articular and varus opening osteotomies can provides good functional results when performed early (within 1 year) after primary surgical procedure. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We present our treatment algorithm for approaching and treating non-union or mal-union of tibial plateau fractures...
February 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149800/parathyroid-cysts-the-latin-american-experience
#6
Alejandro Román-González, Natalia Aristizábal, Carolina Aguilar, Karen Palacios, Juan Camilo Pérez, Alejandro Vélez-Hoyos, Carlos Simon Duque, Alvaro Sanabria
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid cyst is an infrequent and unsuspected disease. There are more than 300 hundred cases reported in the world literature, a few of them are from Latin America. The experience of our centers and a review of the cases are presented. METHODS: Case report of a series of patients with parathyroid cyst from our institutions according to the CARE guidelines (Case Reports). A search of Medline, Embase, BIREME (Biblioteca Regional de Medicina) LILACS (Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud), Google Scholar and Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library on Line) databases and telephonic or email communications with other experts from Latin-America was performed ...
December 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138771/l5-corpectomy-the-lumbosacral-segmental-geometry-and-clinical-outcome-a-consecutive-series-of-14-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Martin Vazan, Yu-Mi Ryang, Julia Gerhardt, Felix Zibold, Insa Janssen, Florian Ringel, Jens Gempt, Bernhard Meyer
PURPOSE: We analyzed the lumbosacral segmental geometry and clinical outcome in patients undergoing L5 corpectomy. METHODS: Fourteen consecutive patients who underwent L5 (n = 12) or L4 + 5 (n = 2) corpectomy at our department between January 2010 and April 2015 were included. All patients underwent a baseline physical and neurologic examination on admission. The diagnostic routine included MRI and CT scans and, if possible, an upright X-ray of the lumbar spine before and after surgery...
January 31, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117180/the-role-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-reboa-as-an-adjunct-to-acls-in-non-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-a-review-of-key-concepts-physiology-current-evidence-and-future-directions
#8
James Daley, Jonathan James Morrison, John Sather, Lisa Hile
Non-traumatic cardiac arrest is a major public health problem that carries an extremely high mortality rate. If we hope to increase the survivability of this condition, it is imperative that alternative methods of treatment are given due consideration. Balloon occlusion of the aorta can be used as a method of circulatory support in the critically ill patient. Intra-aortic balloon pumps have been used to temporize patients in cardiogenic shock for decades. More recently, resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has been utilized in the patient in hemorrhagic shock or cardiac arrest secondary to trauma...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112539/long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
Sarah Lytle, Molly McVoy, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVE: While a number of articles have reviewed the use of long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) in first-episode psychosis, there has been extremely limited focus on LAIs in children and adolescents. This review of the literature evaluated use of LAIs in children and youth under the age of 18. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of the PubMed, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases using keywords related to LAIs, children, and psychiatric conditions, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and schizoaffective disorder...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110827/eccrine-porocarcinoma-patient-characteristics-clinical-and-histopathologic-features-and-treatment-in-7-cases
#10
A Gómez-Zubiaur, S Medina-Montalvo, M D Vélez-Velázquez, I Polo-Rodríguez
Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare, malignant cutaneous adnexal tumor that arises from the ducts of sweat glands. Found mainly in patients of advanced age, this tumor has diverse clinical presentations. Histology confirms the diagnosis, detects features relevant to prognosis, and guides treatment. Growth is slow, but the prognosis is poor if the tumor metastasizes to lymph nodes or visceral organs. We report 7 cases of eccrine porocarcinoma, describing patient characteristics, the clinical and histopathologic features of the tumors, and treatments used...
January 19, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101826/sagittal-band-boutonniere-and-pulley-injuries-in-the-athlete
#11
REVIEW
Louis Christopher Grandizio, Joel Christian Klena
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While hand injuries occur frequently in the athletic population, sagittal band ruptures, boutonniere deformities, and pulley ruptures are infrequently encountered. These injuries represent diagnostic challenges and can result in significant impairment. Early recognition with appropriate treatment is necessary to maximize recovery and minimize return to athletic competition. This review will focus on the underlying mechanism, pathophysiology of injury, diagnosis, and treatment of each of these injuries...
January 18, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092986/a-review-of-the-treatment-of-primary-orthostatic-hypotension
#12
Genevieve M Hale, Jose Valdes, Michael Brenner
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy and safety of pharmacological and nonpharmacological strategies used to treat primary orthostatic hypotension (OH). DATA SOURCES: A literature review using PubMed and MEDLINE databases searching hypotension, non-pharmacological therapy, midodrine, droxidopa, pyridostigmine, fludrocortisone, atomoxetine, pseudoephedrine, and octreotide was performed. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Randomized or observational studies, cohorts, case series, or case reports written in English between January 1970 and November 2016 that assessed primary OH treatment in adult patients were evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092909/immune-mediated-neuropathies-following-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-for-multiple-myeloma-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Ghulam Rehman Mohyuddin, Jacqueline Uy, Honhar Medhavi, Muhammad Salman Faisal, Muzaffar H Qazilbash
Neuropathy is a common finding in patients with multiple myeloma. Several different factors can cause neuropathy in these patients, such as the underlying disease itself, medications used for treatment, or immune-mediated processes. Immune-mediated neuropathies (IMN) consist of a heterogeneous spectrum of peripheral nerve disorders. Although IMN is associated with several hematological disorders, it remains a very rare complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT). We describe our experiences of 3 patients with multiple myeloma who experienced IMN following autologous HCT (auto-HCT)...
January 17, 2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079833/the-rare-ethambutol-induced-optic-neuropathy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Wei Song, Shancheng Si
RATIONALE: Ethambutol-induced optic neuropathy (EON) is a well-known complication that results from the use of ethambutol. The ocular manifestations of EON include painless loss of central vision and cecocentral scotomas in the visual field. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 75-year-old Chinese Han man suffered from this rare ocular disorder because he took ethambutol for about 8 months. DIAGNOSES: He was diagnosed as EON based on series of ophthalmic examinations performed...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079432/primary-tumors-of-the-facial-nerve-misdiagnosed-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Haijin Yi, Bin Hu, Guoping Yin, Xin Li, Jinkun Xu, Jingying Ye, Shi-Ming Yang
CONCLUSION: Unusual primary tumors of the facial nerve should be considered in patients with progressive facial paralysis, especially if this is accompanied by hearing loss or vertigo. Misdiagnosis could increase the difficulties of operation, diminish the chance of facial nerve reconstruction, and increase the likelihood of poor reconstructive outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This paper was to determine the characteristics of facial nerve primary tumors misdiagnosed as tumor-free conditions many years prior, and to describe appropriate treatments...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068454/non-surgical-interventions-for-acute-internal-hordeolum
#16
REVIEW
Kristina Lindsley, Jason J Nichols, Kay Dickersin
BACKGROUND: A hordeolum is a common, painful inflammation of the eyelid margin that is usually caused by a bacterial infection. The infection affects oil glands of the eyelid and can be either internal or external. In many cases, the lesion drains spontaneously and resolves without treatment; however, the inflammation can spread to other ocular glands or tissues, and recurrences are common. If unresolved, an acute internal hordeolum can become chronic, or can develop into a chalazion...
January 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064381/robotic-repair-of-a-large-abdominal-intercostal-hernia-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Stephani C Wang, Tejinder P Singh
Abdominal intercostal hernia is an uncommon phenomenon, reported in few case reports and small case series. If left untreated, it can lead to strangulation and visceral ischemia. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate surgical intervention are thus critical to prevent resulting morbidity. We present a 50-year-old woman with a large abdominal intercostal hernia after an open nephrectomy. She underwent a successful robotic repair of the hernia with mesh placement. Through the presentation, we would like to raise awareness of intercostal hernia as a complication of open nephrectomy and significance of early diagnosis in avoiding potential morbidity...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062874/-gallbladder-agenesis-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#18
Robert Ordóñez-Samaniego, Miguel Puga-Tejada
Gallbladder agenesis is a rare disease, which its symptomatology emulates biliary pathology. It is presented between 0.007 to 0.027% of those patients in whom a cholecystectomy is performed. After it, its evolution is asymptomatic. We present the case of a 19 years old female patient with clinical presentationof cholelithiasis. Ultrasound reveals scleroatrophic vesicle. Elective cholecystectomy was performed,but the gallbladder was not found. The patient presented an asymptomatic evolution in the postoperative period and in the annual follow-up...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056156/deep-infections-after-syndesmotic-fixation-with-a-suture-button-device
#19
Amanda J Fantry, Seth W O'Donnell, Chris T Born, Roman A Hayda
Suture button devices such as the TightRope (Arthrex, Naples, Florida) have been increasingly used for syndesmotic fixation of ankle fractures. Despite proposed advantages, prior studies have shown equivalent outcomes, with a theoretical decreased need for removal of hardware. Complications of suture button fixation of syndesmotic instability may be underreported and include lateral suture knot inflammation with or without granuloma formation, infection, aseptic osteolysis with widening of the tibial drill tunnels, heterotopic ossification, and osteomyelitis...
January 5, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038793/histologic-characteristics-of-thymic-adenocarcinomas-clinicopathologic-study-of-a-nine-case-series-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Ah-Young Kwon, Joungho Han, Jinah Chu, Yong Soo Choi, Byeong-Ho Jeong, Myung-Ju Ahn, Yong Chan Ahn
Primary thymic adenocarcinoma is an extraordinarily rare malignancy; only 49 cases have been reported in the medical literature to date. Because of its rarity, clinical and pathologic characteristics of thymic adenocarcinoma are unclear. We present nine cases of primary thymic adenocarcinoma and discuss clinicopathologic findings in the context of the existing literature. Two-hundred twenty-six thymic carcinoma cases were diagnosed at Samsung Medical Center in Korea, from January, 2001 to July, 2016. Nine of these 226 cases were primary thymic adenocarcinomas...
November 15, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
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