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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432584/clinical-features-and-long-term-outcomes-of-pediatric-spinal-meningiomas
#1
Liang Wu, Chenlong Yang, Tie Liu, Jingyi Fang, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu
Pediatric spinal meningiomas are very rare. Most studies on pediatric spinal meningiomas are case reports with literature reviews. This study presented a surgical series of 14 pediatric patients with histologically proven sporadic spinal meningiomas, including 5 WHO grade II tumors. In this series, there were 9 male and 5 female patients with a mean age of 11.1 years. Seven tumors were located in the cervical spine, 5 in the thoracic spine, and 2 in the lumbar spine. Gross total resection (GTR) of the tumor with a well-demarcated dissection plane was achieved in 11 cases, subtotal resection was achieved in 2 cases, and partial resection was performed in 1 case...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421842/the-management-of-ventricular-dysrhythmia-in-aconite-poisoning
#2
REVIEW
James M Coulson, Thomas M Caparrotta, John P Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Aconite poisoning is relatively rare but is frequently complicated by ventricular dysrhythmias, which may be fatal. Molecular basis of aconite alkaloid ventricular arrhythmogenicity: Aconite exerts its toxic effects due to the presence of an admixture of alkaloids present in all parts of the plant. The major target of these aconite alkaloids is the fast voltage-gates sodium channel, where they cause persistent activation. This blockade of the channel in the activated state promotes automaticity within the ventricular myocardium and the generation of ventricular arrhythmias...
June 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419995/hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-and-kidney-transplantation-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Sabrina Milan Manani, Grazia Maria Virzì, Anna Giuliani, Anna Clementi, Alessandra Brocca, Daniela Dissegna, Francesca Martino, Emanuele Stefano Giovanni d'Amore, Claudio Ronco
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) can be triggered by Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection or it can be defined as atypical HUS (aHUS) if it is related to uncontrolled complement activation. aHUS is characterized by a high incidence of recurrence after kidney transplantation, and it can also occur de novo in transplant recipients. Eculizumab is used both to prevent and to treat aHUS following kidney transplantation. In this paper, we report our centre experience and we present 4 cases of HUS in patients who underwent kidney transplantation...
April 19, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399900/protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-the-factors-associated-with-binge-drinking-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#4
Jennifer Hasselgård-Rowe, Barbara Broers, Dagmar M Haller
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is the behaviour that has the most significant impact on the mortality and morbidity of young people, and binge drinking is becoming the norm among this population. The burden of disease of binge drinking during adolescence and young adulthood is significant and warrants the development of effective prevention strategies. Although the literature on risk factors for excessive substance use has been increasing, to our knowledge, a systematic review of the factors associated with binge drinking among young people has not yet been conducted...
April 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398818/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-malignant-catatonia-in-child-psychiatry-literature-review-and-a-case-series
#5
Neera Ghaziuddin, Melissa Hendriks, Paresh Patel, Lee E Wachtel, Dirk M Dhossche
OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) and malignant catatonia (MC) in children and adolescents. BACKGROUND: NMS and MC are life-threatening, neuropsychiatric syndromes, associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. NMS is diagnosed when there is a recent history of treatment with an antipsychotic (AP) medication, while MC is diagnosed when the symptoms resemble NMS but without a history of exposure to an AP agent...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396082/pregnancy-related-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-a%C3%A2-case-series-and-literature-review
#6
Emily Rose, Maheedhar Gedela, Nathan Miller, Paul L Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Cardiac emergencies during pregnancy are rare but have significant associated morbidity and mortality when they do occur. The emergency physician must not only be aware of potentially life-threatening conditions in the pregnant woman, but also know the emergent management and treatment of these conditions to avoid worsening of the underlying condition. Pregnancy-related spontaneous coronary artery dissection has been described in the cardiology literature, but is not well-known in emergency medicine literature...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382214/spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-management-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#7
Kyle Raasck, Ahmed A Habis, Ahmed Aoude, Leonardo Simões, Fernando Barros, Rudy Reindl, Peter Jarzem
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) manifests from blood accumulating in the epidural space, compressing the spinal cord and leading to acute neurological deficits. Standard therapy is decompressive laminectomy, although spontaneous recoveries have been reported. Sub-optimal therapeutic principles contribute to SSEH's 5.7% mortality-which patient will benefit from surgery remains unclear. This study aims to investigate parameters that affect SSEH's progression, outlining a best-practice therapeutic approach...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349771/antivenom-for-european-vipera-species-envenoming
#8
Thomas Lamb, Luc de Haro, Davide Lonati, Miran Brvar, Michael Eddleston
BACKGROUND: European viper bite is relatively uncommon but can cause serious envenoming, particularly swelling and hemorrhage spreading from limb to trunk that can cause long term disability. Systemic features are relatively mild compared to many other venomous species. Moderate-to-severe envenoming requires antivenom, which is given many hundreds of times each year across the continent. Several Vipera spp antivenoms are produced in Europe, but there is little comparative information available for the antivenoms and none is licensed with the European Medicines Agency...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343231/segmental-testicular-infarction-case-series-and-literature-review-of-a-rare-diagnosis-in-men-with-acute-testicular-pain
#9
Simone Ernst, Matthias Saar, Horst Brenneis, Reinhard Kubale, Stefan Ueberdiek, Carsten-Henning Ohlmann, Michael Stoeckle, Julia Heinzelbecker
The incidence of segmental testicular infarction (STI) is very low. Such a disorder most often affects young men. The most common symptom is sudden testicular pain. We report 6 cases of men diagnosed with STI. Clinical examination, blood test, urine analysis, and ultrasound examination with colour Doppler were performed. Furthermore, tissue sonoelastography or MRI was performed in selected patients. All men underwent surgical exploration. In all but one man, the affected testis was preserved. Although STI is a rare condition, it should be taken into account if testicular pain prior to suspicious ultrasound imaging occurs...
March 24, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338497/using-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-serotonin-norepinephrine-reuptake-inhibitors-in-critical-care-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-for-benefit-or-harm
#10
John M Kelly, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Neil Masson, Arimie Min, Neill K J Adhikari
OBJECTIVE: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor/serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in patients admitted to the ICU. Our objective was to systematically review available literature for evidence of benefit or harm in ICU patients resulting from chronic effects, continued use, or withdrawal. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1990 to November 2014). STUDY SELECTION: We searched for studies of ICU patients with recorded selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor/serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor prescription before or during admission, and reporting morbidity, mortality, adverse events, and resource measures like ICU length of stay...
March 23, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330738/graft-infection-after-a-bentall-procedure-a-case-series-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
I Machelart, C Greib, G Wirth, F Camou, N Issa, J F Viallard, J L Pellegrin, E Lazaro
INTRODUCTION: The Bentall procedure is a cardiac surgery involving graft replacement of the aortic valve, aortic root and ascending aorta. Graft infection after Bentall's procedure (BGI) is infrequent but severe, and often difficult to diagnose and treat. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the Bordeaux endocarditis database of adult patients admitted to the Bordeaux University Medical Hospital for BGI between 2008 and 2014. Published case reports were identified in the literature...
March 7, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325431/nerve-conduits-for-treating-peripheral-nerve-injuries-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
J Braga Silva, G M Marchese, C G Cauduro, M Debiasi
Peripheral nerve injuries are a major public health problem. Nerve conduits have been developed in the recent years, although it is still not clear if they should replace nerve grafting and neurorrhaphy. This systematic review aims to gather evidence regarding the use of nerve conduits for peripheral nerve repair. The following electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) and Embase. Study selection and data extraction followed the PRISMA guidelines. The systematic review of the literature retrieved 6767 articles...
April 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321457/influence-of-piezotomy-and-osteoperforation-of-the-alveolar-process-on-the-rate-of-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review
#13
Stefan Hoffmann, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Dominik Visel, Theresa Visel, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, Thomas Michael Präger
OBJECTIVE: The minimally invasive procedures piezosurgical corticocision and osteoperforation have been advocated as methods to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement and to shorten treatment time, but without large-scale trauma of the periosteum and the bone. The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is evidence supporting these claims based on a systematic review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of PubMed and Google Scholar with the combined search terms "piezo*" and "tooth movement" was performed until May 2016...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321171/presacral-venous-bleeding-during-mobilization-in-rectal-cancer
#14
Jose Enrique Casal Núñez, Vincenzo Vigorita, Alejandro Ruano Poblador, Ana María Gay Fernández, Maria Ángeles Toscano Novella, Nieves Cáceres Alvarado, Lucinda Pérez Dominguez
AIM: To analyze the anatomy of sacral venous plexus flow, the causes of injuries and the methods for controlling presacral hemorrhage during surgery for rectal cancer. METHODS: A review of the databases MEDLINE(®) and Embase™ was conducted, and relevant scientific articles published between January 1960 and June 2016 were examined. The anatomy of the sacrum and its venous plexus, as well as the factors that influence bleeding, the causes of this complication, and its surgical management were defined...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304212/influence-of-laser-microtextured-surface-collar-on-marginal-bone-loss-and-peri-implant-soft-tissue-response-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Zhaozhao Chen, Yujiao Zhang, Junying Li, Hom-Lay Wang, Haiyang Yu
BACKGROUND: Laser-microtextured surface (LMS) dental implant collar appears to promote a more tooth-like gingival collagen fiber attachment, which may help to stabilize the peri-implant tissues. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the clinical effect of LMS on crestal bone level and peri-implant soft tissue response, versus non-LMS collar. METHODS: Electronic and manual literature searches were performed by two independent reviewers for articles written in English up to December 2016...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291043/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-treatment-emergent-mania-and-hypomania-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
Fady Rachid
BACKGROUND: This review focuses on treatment-emergent mania/hypomania (TEM) associated with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). METHODS: English-language studies involving possible rTMS-induced mania/hypomania published between 1966 and 2015 were retrieved through a Medline search using the search terms mania, hypomania, mixed affective state, treatment-emergent, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and rTMS. Fifteen case series and controlled studies describing TEM associated with rTMS treatment have been published involving 24 individuals, most of whom were diagnosed with either bipolar I or II disorder or major depressive disorder...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270039/surgical-treatment-for-gallbladder-cancer-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Malin Sternby Eilard, Linda Lundgren, Christian Cahlin, Annika Strandell, Therese Svanberg, Per Sandström
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate existing evidence regarding surgical treatments for gallbladder cancer in a Health Technology Assessment. A specific aim was to evaluate whether extended surgery regarding liver, lymph nodes, bile duct, and adjacent organs compared with cholecystectomy alone in the adult patient with gallbladder cancer in early and late stages implies improved survival. METHODS: In April 2015 and updated in June 2016, a systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238607/leydig-cell-hyperplasia-in-children-case-series-and-review
#18
REVIEW
Nicole Mennie, Sebastian K King, Mohan Marulaiah, Peter Ferguson, Yves Heloury, Chris Kimber
INTRODUCTION: Leydig cell hyperplasia (LCH) and Leydig cell tumours (LCTs) in children are rare, typically presenting with precocious puberty. Previously, orchidectomy was the routine management; however, more recently, testis-sparing surgery has been performed with good results. We present a series of unusual presentations of LCH, raising new management questions, and a review of the literature regarding LCH and LCT in children. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a literature search using Ovid Medline, PubMed, and Google Scholar, producing 456 articles...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237146/is-routine-histopathological-examination-of-dacryocystorhinostomy-dacryocystectomy-specimens-necessary-a-tertiary-eye-hospital-experience
#19
Hind Alkatan, Majed Al-Qurashi
PURPOSE: Limited literature documenting the incidence of unsuspected malignant neoplasm among dacryocystorhinostomy/Dacryocystectomy (DCR/DCT) specimens is reviewed to determine if routine biopsy of all the patients undergoing such procedures is required. We are evaluating if sending lacrimal sac specimens for histopathological examination is necessary as a routine patient's care standard. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study of all lacrimal sac specimens received for histopathological examination in a tertiary eye hospital over a period of 12 years...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225386/acute-myocardial-infarction-and-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#20
Salik Nazir, Niranjan Tachamo, Saroj Lohani, Rittu Hingorani, Dilli R Poudel, Anthony Donato
BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is a disorder associated with both arterial and venous thromboembolic disease, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Given that management with anticoagulants is critical and differs from usual AMI care, identification of key discriminators of patients with AMI with APS is important. METHODS: We performed an English-language systematic review of the literature of cases and case series of patients with AMI and APS from inception until 20 March 2016, collecting demographics, investigations, and outcomes...
June 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
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