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Case series review if the literature

Rusheng Chew, Andrew Dorman, Marion L Woods
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features and risk factors of and optimal antifungal therapy for Purpureocillium lilacinum keratitis. DESIGN: Retrospective case series in a quaternary referral hospital setting. METHODS: Comprehensive chart review of patients diagnosed with P. lilacinum keratitis in the past 10 years. PARTICIPANTS: Four patients were identified. All were aged 60 years or greater, with none having prior ocular trauma...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
H Liu, R Tariq, G L Liu, H Yan, A D Kaye
The intrathecal space has become an important anatomic site for medical intervention not only in anesthesia practice, but also in many other medical specialties. Undesired/inadvertent intrathecal injections (UII) are generally rare. There is tremendous variation in reported inadvertent administrations via an intrathecal route in the literature, mainly as individual cases and very small case-series reports. This review aims to identify potential sources of UII, its clinical presentations, and appropriate management...
October 21, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Christian Walter, Bilal Al-Nawas, Tim Wolff, Eik Schiegnitz, Knut A Grötz
OBJECTIVE: Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaws (BP-ONJ) is triggered by inflammatory processes. Typical trigger factors are periodontal disease, denture pressure sores, and surgical interventions such as tooth extractions. Unfortunately there is only little data on how to proceed with implant therapy in patients with bisphosphonate treatment. This topic is not addressed in the German guidelines on medication-associated osteonecrosis. Therefore a systematic literature review was performed...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
Selahattin Çaliskan, Emrah Özsoy, Selçuk Kaba, Orhan Koca, Metin Isak Öztürk
INTRODUCTION: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation of the kidney. This pathology was firstly described in 1916 and a small number of patient series were reported in the literature. In this study, we aimed to report the patients with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in our nephrectomy cases. METHODS: The patients who underwent nephrectomy and were diagnosed with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in our hospital database were reviewed retrospectively...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Michael A Bohl, James Forseth, Peter Nakaji
BACKGROUND: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a common second-line or third-line vasopressor used in critically ill neurosurgical patients. Neurosurgical indications include hyperdynamic therapy for vasospasm, maintenance of cerebral perfusion pressure in patients with intracranial hypertension, and prevention of hypotension in patients with sepsis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A series of six neurosurgical patients receiving AVP infusions developed severe but transient diabetes insipidus (tDI) after cessation of AVP...
October 11, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Taylor M Mehta, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Clozapine is an antipsychotic used in the management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia. However, little is known about clozapine use during pregnancy and lactation, or its impact on the mother, foetus, and infant. This review aims to summarize the available literature on the safety of clozapine use during the perinatal period. EMBASE, PsycINFO, and MEDLINE were searched from their inceptions through June 2016. The review encompasses 21 studies that have examined clozapine use during pregnancy and lactation...
October 4, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Claudio Gambardella, Ernesto Tartaglia, Anna Nunziata, Graziella Izzo, Giuseppe Siciliano, Fabio Cavallo, Claudio Mauriello, Salvatore Napolitano, Guglielmo Thomas, Domenico Testa, Gianluca Rossetti, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Nicola Avenia, Giovanni Conzo
BACKGROUND: Lymph nodal involvement is very common in differentiated thyroid cancer, and in addition, cervical lymph node micrometastases are observed in up to 80 % of papillary thyroid cancers. During the last decades, the role of routine central lymph node dissection (RCLD) in the treatment of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has been an object of research, and it is now still controversial. Nevertheless, many scientific societies and referral authors have definitely stated that even if in expert hands, RCLD is not associated to higher morbidity; it should be indicated only in selected cases...
September 19, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Lindsay McLaren, Nureen Sumar, Amanda M Barberio, Kathy Trieu, Diane L Lorenzetti, Valerie Tarasuk, Jacqui Webster, Norman Rc Campbell
BACKGROUND: Excess dietary sodium consumption is a risk factor for high blood pressure, stroke and cardiovascular disease. Currently, dietary sodium consumption in almost every country is too high. Excess sodium intake is associated with high blood pressure, which is common and costly and accounts for significant burden of disease. A large number of jurisdictions worldwide have implemented population-level dietary sodium reduction initiatives. No systematic review has examined the impact of these initiatives...
September 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
T W Pike, S Pathak, F Mushtaq, R M Wilkie, M Mon-Williams, J P A Lodge
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence indicates that a preoperative warm-up is a potentially useful tool in facilitating performance. But what factors drive such improvements and how should a warm-up be implemented? METHODS: In order to address these issues, we adopted a two-pronged approach: (1) we conducted a systematic review of the literature to identify existing studies utilising preoperative simulation techniques; (2) we performed task analysis to identify the constituent parts of effective warm-ups...
September 15, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Scott Cheatham, Morey J Kolber, Kathryn Kumagai Shimamura
: Clinical Scenario: The differential diagnosis of groin pain can be very challenging due to the many causative pathologies. Osteitis pubis is one pathology that is becoming more recognized in athletes who participate in sports such as soccer, ice hockey, rugby, and football.(1) Conservative non-operative treatment is often prescribed first prior to surgical intervention. Of particular interest, are the outcomes of non-operative rehabilitation programs and their effectiveness to return athletes to pre-injury levels of participation...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sudhir Kumar Srivastava, Rishi Anil Aggarwal, Sunil Krishna Bhosale, Pradip Sharad Nemade
CONTEXT: Approaches suggested for treatment of neglected dislocations in the subaxial cervical spine (SACS) include only anterior approach (a), only posterior approach (b), posterior-anterior approach, posterior-anterior-posterior approach, and anterior-posterior-anterior-posterior approach. No protocol is suggested in literature to guide surgeons treating neglected dislocations. AIM: To describe a protocol for the treatment of neglected dislocation in the SACS...
July 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Connie Zhang, Richard M Haber
Perineal streptococcal dermatitis (PSD) is largely known to be caused by group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus (GAS). We would like to bring cases of non-GAS PSD to the attention of dermatologists, as there are implications for workup and therapy. We report 3 pediatric cases of PSD: 1 caused by GAS, 1 caused by group B β-hemolytic Streptococcus (GBS), and 1 associated with group C β-hemolytic Streptococcus (GCS). GBS and GCS are very rarely reported in pediatric cases of PSD. The literature on non-GAS PSD is reviewed, which additionally revealed several instances of PSD caused by group G β-hemolytic Streptococcus (GGS) and Staphylococcus aureus GBS, GCS, GGS, and S aureus are significant causes of PSD to consider, particularly among adult patients, based on our encountered cases and the literature...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Laura S Muñoz, Paula Barreras, Carlos A Pardo
Zika virus (ZIKV) has caused a major infection outbreak in the Americas since 2015. In parallel with the ZIKV epidemic, an increase in cases of neurological disorders which include Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), encephalitis, and myelitis have been linked to the infection. We reviewed the evidence suggesting a relationship between ZIKV and neurological disorders in adults. A search of the literature supporting such link included databases such as PubMed and the World Health Organization (WHO) surveillance system...
September 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
Enrico Donegani, Peter Paal, Thomas Küpper, Urs Hefti, Buddha Basnyat, Anna Carceller, Pierre Bouzat, Rianne van der Spek, David Hillebrandt
: Donegani, Enrico, Peter Paal, Thomas Küpper, Urs Hefti, Buddha Basnyat, Anna Carceller, Pierre Bouzat, Rianne van der Spek, and David Hillebrandt. Drug use and misuse in the mountains: a UIAA MedCom consensus guide for medical professionals. High Alt Med Biol. 17:157-184, 2016.-Aims: The aim of this review is to inform mountaineers about drugs commonly used in mountains. For many years, drugs have been used to enhance performance in mountaineering. It is the UIAA (International Climbing and Mountaineering Federation-Union International des Associations d'Alpinisme) Medcom's duty to protect mountaineers from possible harm caused by uninformed drug use...
September 2016: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Nicola de'Angelis, Francesco Esposito, Riccardo Memeo, Vincenzo Lizzi, Aleix Martìnez-Pérez, Filippo Landi, Pietro Genova, Fausto Catena, Francesco Brunetti, Daniel Azoulay
AIMS: Due to the increasing number of solid organs transplantations, emergency abdominal surgery in transplanted patients is becoming a relevant challenge for the general surgeon. The aim of this systematic review of the literature is to analyze morbidity and mortality of emergency abdominal surgery performed in transplanted patients for graft-unrelated surgical problems. METHODS: The literature search was performed on online databases with the time limit 1990-2015...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Caterina Ricci, Giovanni Scambia, Rosa De Vincenzo
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer is the most common gynecological cancer occurring in pregnancy, creating a complex situation both for patient and physician. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is an innovative way of managing cervical cancer in pregnancy. METHODS: In our paper, we report a retrospective case series of 4 women treated with chemotherapy for invasive cervical cancer during pregnancy in our center over the last 5 years, and we summarize the available literature and guidelines...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Alessio Biazzo, Norberto Confalonieri
BACKGROUND: Synovial chondrosarcoma (SCH) is a very rare tumor arising in the intra-articular cavity. In the majority of literature reports it is described as a malignant transformation of a pre-existing synovial chondromatosis (SC). We reported a systematic review of primary and secondary SCH described in the literature with the aim to recollect data from different case-reports and case-series, trying to summarize general aspects of this very rare disease. METHODS: We collected 42 abstracts in the form of case series and case reports, which reported 67 cases of SCH...
August 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
John Agzarian, Christine Fahim, Yaron Shargall, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Thomas K Waddell, Waël C Hanna
The primary objective of this study is to systematically review all pertinent literature related to robotic-assisted lung resection. Robotic-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) case series and studies comparing RATS with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or thoracotomy were included in the search. In accordance with preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines, 2 independent reviewers performed the search and review of resulting titles and abstracts. Following full-text screening, a total of 20 articles met the inclusion criteria and are presented in the review...
2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Lucinda Frank, Alex Moran, Ceri Beaton
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy provides an alternative management option for patients with recurrent sigmoid volvulus who are considered too high risk to undergo surgery. We reviewed the literature to assess whether the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines published in 2006 supporting the use of percutaneous endoscopic colostomy are still valid. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Estelle Honnorat, Piseth Seng, Hélène Savini, Pierre-Olivier Pinelli, Fabrice Simon, Andreas Stein
BACKGROUND: Pasteurella multocida is a well-recognized zoonotic agent following dog or cat bites or scratches. Nevertheless, prosthetic joint infection caused by P. multocida are rarely reported. METHOD: We report here a series of six cases of prosthetic joint infection caused by P. multocida managed at a referral centre for the treatment of bone and joint infection in southern France. We also reviewed the 26 cases reported in literature. RESULTS: The mean age of our cases was 74 years [±8...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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