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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651007/urban-chikungunya-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-a-systematic-review
#1
John M Humphrey, Natalie B Cleton, Chantal B E M Reusken, Marshall J Glesby, Marion P G Koopmans, Laith J Abu-Raddad
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is not well characterized despite increasing recognition of its expanding infection and disease burden in recent years. METHODOLOGY / PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Following Cochrane Collaboration guidelines and reporting our findings following PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed records describing the human prevalence and incidence, CHIKV prevalence/infection rates in vectors, outbreaks, and reported cases for CHIKV across the MENA region...
June 26, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650945/treatment-approach-for-infection-of-healed-fractures-after-internal-fixation
#2
Joshua M Lawrenz, Salvatore J Frangiamore, Ajinkya A Rane, W Alex Cantrell, Heather A Vallier
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy of a treatment approach for patients with infection and colonized implants after open reduction and internal fixation of fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Level one trauma center. PATIENTS: Twenty patients were treated for wound infection with colonized implants after open reduction and internal fixation. INTERVENTION: Surgical debridement, removal of implants and a short post-operative oral antibiotic course...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650942/open-supracondylar-intercondylar-fractures-of-the-femur-treatment-with-taylor-spatial-frame
#3
Francesco Sala, Ahmed M Thabet, Paolo Capitani, Federico Bove, Amr A Abdelgawad, Giovanni Lovisetti
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the Taylor spatial frame (TSF) for primary and definitive fixation of open supracondylar-intracondylar femoral (SIF) fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Level I trauma center. PATIENTS: Subset of 20 SIF open fractures treated with TSF extracted from a consecutive series of 80 SIF fractures treated between 2007 and 2013. INTERVENTION: Eighteen (90%) fractures underwent definitive fixation with the TSF; 2 were treated primarily within 24 hours of injury...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650780/i-am-a-pediatric-dentist-why-is-substance-abuse-among-my-patients-my-concern
#4
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman
The rapidly evolving demographic base of our communities intensifies the need for an awareness which in the past seemed beyond the traditional concerns of pediatric dentists; in this case, substance abuse by teenagers. A review was carried out regarding evolving demographics, the proportion of teenagers involved with substance abuse, the rationale for the use of varying elicit substances and the associated symptoms. A series of options for action are considered given the potential for pediatric dentists to be involved in the care of teenagers using elicit substances...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650753/lower-extremity-infections-caused-by-serratia-marcescens-a-report-of-three-cases-and-a-literature-review
#5
Luis Marin, Raymond Rowan, Ana Mantilla, Bamidele Olupona, Ann MacIntyre
Serratia marcescens is a ubiquitous, facultatively anaerobic, gram-negative bacillus that has been cited to cause infection in immunocompromised populations. In the literature, S marcescens infections of the lower extremity have presented as granulomatous ulceration, abscess, bullous cellulitis, and necrotizing fasciitis. Herein we present a series of three cases of lower-extremity infections in which S marcescens was the sole or a contributing pathogen. We discuss the commonalities of these three cases as well as with those previously cited...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650146/using-predefined-m3-%C3%A2%C2%B53-o-clusters-as-building-blocks-for-an-isostructural-series-of-metal-organic-frameworks
#6
Li Peng, Mehrdad Asgari, Pascal Miéville, Pascal Schouwink, Safak Bulut, Daniel Tev Sun, Zhongrui Zhou, Philip Pattison, Wouter van Beek, Wendy L Queen
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted much attention in the last decade owing to their unprecedented internal surface areas, tunable topologies, designable surfaces, and various potential applications. One bottleneck in the field regarding MOF synthesis is controlling the metal-containing secondary building unit (SBU) incorporated into the structure. In this work we report the synthesis and characterization of five trimeric [M3(µ3-O)(CH3CO2)6]x clusters (where M = Fe3+, Cr3+, Fe3+/Cr3+, Fe3+/Co2+, or Fe3+/Ni2+ and x = +1 or 0)...
June 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650076/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-glycemic-control-and-necrobiosis-lipoidica-diabeticorum-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#7
REVIEW
Bhavik D Mistry, Afsaneh Alavi, Saima Ali, Nisha Mistry
The association of specific skin disorders with diabetes mellitus (DM) has been well established. Current literature suggests that approximately 30-91% of patients with diabetes will experience at least one cutaneous manifestation of this systemic disease in their lifetime. To date, there are limited articles summarizing the link between necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum (NLD) prognosis and glycemic control in patients with diabetes. The objective of the study is to summarize and appraise the available evidence assessing the relationship between glycemic control and NLD...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649963/the-effect-of-growth-medium-on-i-escherichia-coli-i-pathway-mirrored-into-gc-ms-profiles
#8
Ileana Andreea Ratiu, Tomasz Ligor, Victor Bocos-Bintintan, Hossam Al-Suod, Tomasz Kowalkowski, Katarzyna Rafińska, Boguslaw Buszewski
Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a gram-negative coliform bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms. Most of the strains are harmless, but some serotypes are pathogenic, meaning they can cause illness, either diarrhea or illness outside of the intestinal tract. The aim of this work was to assess which components are generated in case of E. coli target analysis needed. In this purpose our study intends to emphasize the importance of the cultivability and to prove the crucial role of growth media used in bacteria growing...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649911/three-dimensional-printed-upper-limb-prostheses-lack-randomised-controlled-trials-a-systematic-review
#9
Laura E Diment, Mark S Thompson, Jeroen Hm Bergmann
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional printing provides an exciting opportunity to customise upper-limb prostheses. OBJECTIVE: This review summarises the research that assesses the efficacy and effectiveness of three-dimensional printed upper-limb prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science and OVID were systematically searched for studies that reported human trials of three-dimensional printed upper-limb prostheses...
June 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649741/the-emerging-science-of-linked-plant-fungal-invasions
#10
REVIEW
Ian A Dickie, Jennifer L Bufford, Richard C Cobb, Marie-Laure Desprez-Loustau, Gwen Grelet, Philip E Hulme, John Klironomos, Andreas Makiola, Martin A Nuñez, Anne Pringle, Peter H Thrall, Samuel G Tourtellot, Lauren Waller, Nari M Williams
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. References SUMMARY: Invasions of alien plants are typically studied as invasions of individual species, yet interactions between plants and symbiotic fungi (mutualists and potential pathogens) affect plant survival, physiological traits, and reproduction and hence invasion success. Studies show that plant-fungal associations are frequently key drivers of plant invasion success and impact, but clear conceptual frameworks and integration across studies are needed to move beyond a series of case studies towards a more predictive understanding...
June 26, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649147/multiblock-high-order-large-eddy-simulation-of-powered-fontan-hemodynamics-towards-computational-surgery
#11
Yann T Delorme, Mark D Rodefeld, Steven H Frankel
Children born with only one functional ventricle must typically undergo a series of three surgeries to obtain the so-called Fontan circulation in which the blood coming from the body passively flows from the Vena Cavae (VCs) to the Pulmonary Arteries (PAs) through the Total Cavopulmonary Connection (TCPC). The circulation is inherently inefficient due to the lack of a subpulmonary ventricle. Survivors face the risk of circulatory sequelae and eventual failure for the duration of their lives. Current efforts are focused on improving the outcomes of Fontan palliation, either passively by optimizing the TCPC, or actively by using mechanical support...
January 17, 2017: Computers & Fluids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649029/determination-of-chemical-oxygen-demand-cod-using-an-alternative-wet-chemical-method-free-of-mercury-and-dichromate
#12
Marit Kolb, Müfit Bahadir, Burkhard Teichgräber
Worldwide, the standard methods for the determination of the important wastewater parameter chemical oxygen demand (COD) are still based on the use of the hazardous chemicals, mercury sulfate and chromium(VI). However, due to their properties they are meanwhile classified as "priority pollutants" and shall be phased out or banned in the frame of REACH (current European Chemical Law: Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and restriction of Chemicals) by the European Union. Hence, a new wet-chemical method free of mercury and chromium(VI) was developed...
June 13, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648762/repetitive-deliberate-fires-development-and-validation-of-a-methodology-to-detect-series
#13
Eva Bruenisholz, Olivier Delémont, Olivier Ribaux, Linzi Wilson-Wilde
The detection of repetitive deliberate fire events is challenging and still often ineffective due to a case-by-case approach. A previous study provided a critical review of the situation and analysis of the main challenges. This study suggested that the intelligence process, integrating forensic data, could be a valid framework to provide a follow-up and systematic analysis provided it is adapted to the specificities of repetitive deliberate fires. In this current manuscript, a specific methodology to detect deliberate fires series, i...
June 16, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648756/clinicopathologic-features-and-prognosis-of-sporadic-bilateral-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-series-of-148-cases
#14
Nienie Qi, Teng Li, Xianghui Ning, Xiang Peng, Lin Cai, Kan Gong
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic features, treatment, and prognosis of sporadic bilateral renal cell carcinoma (RCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 148 patients with sporadic bilateral RCC treated in our center from June 1986 to December 2015 were included in this retrospective study. Their clinicopathologic features and treatments were evaluated. The survival and prognostic factors were assessed based on data from follow-up...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648597/genotype-phenotype-correlation-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-down-syndrome-through-analysis-of-partial-trisomy-21-cases
#15
Maria Chiara Pelleri, Elena Gennari, Chiara Locatelli, Allison Piovesan, Maria Caracausi, Francesca Antonaros, Alessandro Rocca, Costanza Maria Donati, Letizia Conti, Pierluigi Strippoli, Marco Seri, Lorenza Vitale, Guido Cocchi
Among Down syndrome (DS) children, 40-50% have congenital heart disease (CHD). Although trisomy 21 is not sufficient to cause CHD, three copies of at least part of chromosome 21 (Hsa21) increases the risk for CHD. In order to establish a genotype-phenotype correlation for CHD in DS, we built an integrated Hsa21 map of all described partial trisomy 21 (PT21) cases with sufficient indications regarding presence or absence of CHD (n=107), focusing on DS PT21 cases. We suggest a DS CHD candidate region on 21q22...
June 22, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648593/myc-rearranged-lymphomas-other-than-burkitt-comparison-between-r-chop-and-burkitt-type-immunochemotherapy
#16
Maria Joao Baptista, Gustavo Tapia, José-Ángel Hernández-Rivas, Alejandra Martínez-Trillos, José-Luis Mate, José-Tomás Navarro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: MYC-rearranged (MYC-R) lymphomas other than Burkitt lymphoma (BL) are very aggressive, with poor prognosis when treated with standard regimens. We aimed to study the characteristics and outcome of a series of MYC-R lymphomas comparing the treatment results between R-CHOP based and a specific intensive regimen for BL (BURKIMAB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients diagnosed with MYC-R. Translocations of MYC, BCL2 and BCL6 were evaluated by fluorescent in situ hybridization...
June 22, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648581/is-long-term-post-operative-monitoring-of-microsurgical-flaps-still-necessary
#17
Giovanni Zoccali, Alexandra Molina, Jian Farhadi
Autologous microsurgical flap reconstruction has become commonplace in most plastic surgery units, and the success rates of this procedure have markedly increased over recent years. However, the possibility of flap failure still needs to be considered. A review of the literature reveals that the critical period for flap-threatening complications is the first 24-48 post-operative hours; however, the window for the onset of these complications remains open for up to 7 days post-operatively. In this study, we focus on the timing of flap complications, aiming to elucidate the time period over which meticulous flap monitoring can positively contribute to flap salvage rates...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648537/outcome-of-surgical-repair-of-pulmonary-artery-aneurysms-a-single-center-experience-with-38-patients
#18
Janani S Reisenauer, Sameh M Said, Hartzell V Schaff, Heidi M Connolly, Joseph J Maleszewski, Joseph A Dearani
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery (PA) aneurysms are rare and have been reported only in case reports or small series. We reviewed our experience with surgical repair of PA aneurysms. METHODS: We reviewed all patients with a true PA aneurysm undergoing cardiac operations between 1995 and 2015. We excluded aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms related to right ventricular outflow tract patches or previous conduits. RESULTS: There were 38 patients (24 women [63%]; mean age, 46 ± 15 years), and 14 patients (37%) were asymptomatic...
June 22, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648495/comparison-of-zika-virus-zikv-rna-detection-in-plasma-whole-blood-and-urine-case-series-of-travel-associated-zikv-infection-imported-to-italy-2016
#19
Giada Rossini, Paolo Gaibani, Caterina Vocale, Roberto Cagarelli, Maria Paola Landini
OBJECTIVES: The capability to detect ZIKV RNA is of crucial importance for cases confirmation. However, due to the short-lived viremia, the detection of ZIKV RNA in plasma/serum is challenging for samples collected more than one week after onset of clinical illness. We compared the window time and detection rate of ZIKV RNA in different specimen types (plasma, whole blood and urine) collected simultaneously at several times post-symptom onset. METHODS: We examined the presence of ZIKV RNA in matched specimens of whole blood, plasma and urine collected in the same date (3-28 days after symptom onset) from 10 ZIKV infected patients...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648001/-ct-findings-and-clinical-features-of-takayasu-s-arteritis-with-pulmonary-artery-involvement
#20
R Lü, C L Yu, J Li, D D Wen, M W Zheng
Objective: To explore the CT findings of the Takayasu's arteritis (TA)with pulmonary artery (PA) involvement and its clinical significance. Methods: A total of 35 patients with TA involving the PA in Xijing Hospital from November 2007 to November 2016, 6 male cases, 29 female cases, the age was 15-52 (28±9) years old, were retrospectively collected and included in the study group (TA+ P group), meanwhile 40 patients with TA but not involving the pulmonary artery in this hospital from January 2015 to November 2016 were collected as control group, 5 male cases, 35 female cases, the age was 7-67 (28±12) years old...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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