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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922253/imaging-modalities-of-carotid-artery-stenting
#1
Tomoyuki Umemoto, Andrea Pacchioni, Bernhard Reimers
Compared with conventional angiogram-guided procedure, intravascular imaging modalities give us a lot of useful information to make the procedure better. Intravascular imaging modalities give us the information about lesion characters, reference vessel diameter and the interaction between the stent strut and the plaque such as stent strut malapposition or plaquqe prolapse in real time during the procedure. We can change our strategy according to these information. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a most common intravasculr imaging modality during CAS in these days...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922210/comparison-between-thoracic-radiographic-findings-and-postmortem-diagnosis-of-thoracic-diseases-in-dyspneic-companion-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#2
Virginie Fouriez-Lablée, Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Philip H Kass, Allison L Zwingenberger
Companion rats are often presented to veterinarians for respiratory difficulties. Dyspnea in rats is most commonly due to infectious pneumonia, and thoracic neoplasia can go undiagnosed ante mortem due to a mistaken interpretation of pneumonia. In domestic carnivores, pulmonary nodular patterns have been shown to correlate with lung neoplastic diseases and infectious diseases. The main objective of this retrospective case series study was to determine whether certain radiographic criteria could be correlated with the presence of thoracic infectious disease and neoplastic disease in companion rats...
December 6, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921462/surgical-management-of-primary-parapharyngeal-space-tumors-a-10-year-review
#3
Xiaoling Shi, Lei Tao, Xiaoming Li, Haitao Wu, Weiting Huang, Xiaoling Chen, Cai Li, Yan Shen, Qi Chen, Di Tang, Chunsheng Wei, Dehui Wang, Liang Zhou
CONCLUSIONS: Most neoplasms of the parapharyngeal space are benign. The transcervical surgical approach is the preferred procedure in most cases. Intra-operative endoscopic exploration offers a new surgical management technique to reduce operative complications and post-operative recurrence rates. OBJECTIVES: To present the authors' experience in the treatment of primary parapharyngeal space tumors with emphasis on surgical approaches and employment of endoscopy to detect residual tumors through conventional approaches...
December 6, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921205/consistent-pattern-in-positional-instability-of-polyfocal-full-optics-accommodative-iol
#4
Yu Cheol Kim, Kyung Tae Kang, Youngdo Yeo, Ki-San Kim, Frank S Siringo
PURPOSE: We describe cases of dislocation or subluxation of the WIOL-CF(®) polyfocal full-optics intraocular lens (IOL) and suggest a consistent pattern and possible mechanism for the IOL instability. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of five consecutive eyes in three patients with WIOL-CF(®) IOL instability at Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center and Kimkisan Eye Center from 2012 to 2014. The medical records and ocular exam data for these patients were analyzed...
December 5, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921093/evaluation-of-a-novel-semi-automated-ultrasound-system-for-the-detection-of-synovitis-a-prospective-study-involving-45-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
M Witt, J Frielinghausen, R Mueller, F Mueller, F Proft, H Schulze-Koops, M Grunke, D-A Clevert
Background: Arthrosonography has proven to be more sensitive and reliable for the detection of synovitis than clinical examination, but a comprehensive examination of small joints is time-consuming. The automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) has been developed to allow automatic and reproducible series of consecutive B-mode pictures of the female breast. Objectives: To analyze the comparability of ABVS and conventional manual ultrasonography (mUS) for the detection of synovitis in hands and feet of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921071/validation-of-automatic-joint-space-width-measurements-in-hand-radiographs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Olga Schenk, Yinghe Huo, Koen L Vincken, Mart A van de Laar, Ina H H Kuper, Kees C H Slump, Floris P J G Lafeber, Hein J Bernelot Moens
Computerized methods promise quick, objective, and sensitive tools to quantify progression of radiological damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Measurement of joint space width (JSW) in finger and wrist joints with these systems performed comparable to the Sharp-van der Heijde score (SHS). A next step toward clinical use, validation of precision and accuracy in hand joints with minimal damage, is described with a close scrutiny of sources of error. A recently developed system to measure metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints was validated in consecutive hand images of RA patients...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920951/risk-factors-for-in-hospital-mortality-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-80%C3%A2-years-old-or-older-a-retrospective-case-series-study
#7
Jacek Piątek, Anna Kędziora, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Marta Olszewska, Bryan HyoChan Song, Karol Wierzbicki, Irena Milaniak, Tomasz Darocha, Dorota Sobczyk, Bogusław Kapelak
BACKGROUND: Age remains a significant and unmodifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and an increasing number of patients older than 80 years of age undergo Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). Old age is also an independent risk factor for postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to describe the population of patients 80 years of age or older who underwent CABG procedure and to assess the mortality rate and risk factors for in-hospital mortality. METHODS: A retrospective case-series study analyzing 388 consecutive patients aged 80 years of age or older who underwent isolated CABG procedure between 2010 and 2014 in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantology, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920937/conversion-technique-from-neuroendoscopy-to-microsurgery-in-ventricular-tumors-technical-note
#8
Pedro Henrique da C F Pinto, Flavio Nigri, Gabriel N Gobbi, Egas M Caparelli-Daquer
BACKGROUND: Ventricular tumors represent a major neurosurgical challenge, making endoscopic approach an invaluable tool as it gained importance due to technological advances. Nevertheless, the method is not exempt of risk and limitations, sometimes requiring an open surgery. Thus, initial measurements must be adopted in order to simplify an eventual need for conversion to open craniotomy. METHODS: Here, we describe a series of 6 patients with ventricular tumors approached by neuroendoscopy where the conversion to microsurgery turned out to be necessary...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920827/catheter-ablation-of-anteroseptal-accessory-pathways-from-the-aortic-cusps-a-case-series-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Konstantinos P Letsas, Michael Efremidis, Konstantinos Vlachos, Stamatis Georgopoulos, Nikolaos Karamichalakis, Athanasios Saplaouras, Sotirios Xydonas, Kosmas Valkanas, Antonios Sideris
Data regarding catheter ablation of anteroseptal accessory pathways through the aortic cusps are limited. We describe two cases of true para-Hisian accessory pathways successfully ablated from the aortic cusps (right coronary cusp and non-coronary cusp, respectively) along with a review of the current literature. Due to the close proximity to the atrioventricular node and the high risk of complication, mapping of the aortic cusps should always be considered in the case of anteroseptal accessory pathways. Anteroseptal accessory pathways can be safely and effectively ablated from the aortic cusps with good long-term outcomes...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920793/cognitive-decline-in-patients-with-chronic-hydrocephalus-and-normal-aging-growing-into-deficits
#10
Marlijn H de Beer, Philip Scheltens
BACKGROUND/AIM: To explore the theory of 'growing into deficits', a concept known from developmental neurology, in a series of cases with chronic hydrocephalus (CH). METHODS: Patients were selected from the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort and underwent extensive dementia screening. RESULTS: Twelve patients with CH were selected, in whom Alzheimer's disease was considered unlikely, based on biomarker information and follow-up. Mean Mini-Mental State Examination score was 24 (range 7-30)...
September 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920717/cataract-surgery-with-a-new-fluidics-control-phacoemulsification-system-in-nanophthalmic-eyes
#11
John S M Chang, Jack C M Ng, Vincent K C Chan, Antony K P Law
PURPOSE: To report visual outcomes and complications after cataract surgery in nanophthalmic eyes with a phacoemulsification system using the active fluidics control strategy. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series. All eyes with an axial length of less than 20 mm that underwent cataract surgery or refractive lens exchange using the Centurion Vision System (Alcon Laboratories Inc.) in Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital were evaluated. The visual acuity and intraoperative and postoperative complications were reported...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920695/metastatic-alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-responsive-to-pazopanib-after-progression-through-sunitinib-and-bevacizumab-two-cases
#12
William L Read, Felicia Williams
Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma with a propensity for lung metastases and indolent progression. ASPS is not responsive to chemotherapy, but there are case reports and small series describing benefit from drugs targeting the VEGF pathway. These drugs include sunitinib, cediranib and bevacizumab. There is no established second-line treatment for persons with ASPS progressing through first-line targeted therapy. We report two individuals with metastatic ASPS who obtained disease stabilization from sunitinib lasting over a year...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920401/a-common-prrt2-mutation-in-familial-paroxysmal-kinesigenic-dyskinesia-in-hong-kong-a-case-series-of-16-patients
#13
C Y Law, W L Yeung, Y F Cheung, H F Chan, E Fung, J Hui, I Ok Yung, Y P Yuen, A Ok Chan, C W Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920333/accuracy-and-reproducibility-using-patient-specific-instrumentation-in-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#14
Justin Daigre, Gregory Berlet, Bryan Van Dyke, Kyle S Peterson, Robert Santrock
BACKGROUND: Implant survivorship is dependent on accuracy of implantation and successful soft tissue balancing. System instrumentation for total ankle arthroplasty implantation has a key influence on surgeon accuracy and reproducibility. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy and reproducibility of implant position with patient-specific guides for total ankle arthroplasty across multiple surgeons at multiple facilities. METHODS: This retrospective, multicenter study included 44 patients who received a total ankle implant (INBONE II Total Ankle System; Wright Medical Technology, Memphis, TN) using PROPHECY patient-specific guides from January 2012 to December 2014...
December 5, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920330/treatment-of-insertional-achilles-pathology-with-dorsal-wedge-calcaneal-osteotomy-in-athletes
#15
Dimitrios Georgiannos, Vasilis Lampridis, Angelos Vasiliadis, Ilias Bisbinas
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy and retrocalcaneal bursitis is difficult to treat, and several operative techniques have been used after failure of conservative management. Dorsal wedge calcaneal osteotomy has been described for the treatment of insertional Achilles pathology. It was hypothesized that dorsal wedge calcaneal osteotomy would be an effective and safe method for the treatment of athletes with insertional Achilles pathology unrelieved by nonoperative measures...
December 5, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920231/bayesian-morphological-clock-methods-resurrect-placoderm-monophyly-and-reveal-rapid-early-evolution-in-jawed-vertebrates
#16
Benedict King, Tuo Qiao, Michael S Y Lee, Min Zhu, John A Long
The phylogeny of early gnathostomes provides an important framework for understanding one of the most significant evolutionary events, the origin and diversification of jawed vertebrates. A series of recent cladistic analyses have suggested that the placoderms, an extinct group of armoured fish, form a paraphyletic group basal to all other jawed vertebrates. We revised and expanded this morphological data set, most notably by sampling autapomorphies in a similar way to parsimony-informative traits, thus ensuring this data (unlike most existing morphological data sets) satisfied an important assumption of Bayesian tip-dated morphological clock approaches...
December 5, 2016: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920172/how-chikungunya-virus-virology-affects-its-epidemiology-and-transmission-implications-for-influencing-public-health
#17
Ann M Powers
Chikungunya virus has been causing a series of ongoing epidemics around the globe for the past 12 years. During that time, estimates indicate that >4 million cases occurred worldwide. Despite the magnitude of these outbreaks and the broad interest in understanding the virus and disease, significant gaps still exist in our knowledge base. An in-depth understanding of the basic virological elements that can affect the epidemiology of the agent is critical for future development of control and treatment products...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919727/patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-cats-felis-catus-50-cases-2000-2015
#18
A Bascuñán, K M Thieman Mankin, A B Saunders, J M Bright, V Scharf, A Singh, L O'Sullivan, B Brisson, A H Estrada, S P Tou, C Ruoff
OBJECTIVES: To describe signalment, clinical characteristics, diagnostic, treatment, and outcome data in a large case series of cats with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). ANIMALS: Fifty cats with confirmed PDA. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records from five referral veterinary hospitals for cats with PDA between 2000 and 2015. Cats were included if a PDA was visualized echocardiographically, during surgery, or on post-mortem examination...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919663/efficacy-of-low-level-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-burning-mouth-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Fawad Javed, Butchibabu Kalakonda, Nader A AlAizari, Walid Al-Soneidar, Ameen Al-Akwa
BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic pain condition with indefinite cure, predominantly affecting post-menopausal women. The aim of this study was to systematically review the efficacy of low level laser therapy in the treatment of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Scopus were searched from date of inception till and including October 2016 using various combinations of the following keywords: burning mouth syndrome, BMS, stomatodynia, laser therapy, laser treatment and phototherapy...
December 2, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919596/chimeric-anterolateral-thigh-free-flap-for-reconstruction-of-complex-cranio-orbito-facial-defects-after-skull-base-cancers-resection
#20
Mario Cherubino, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Paolo Battaglia, Marco Giudice, Igor Pellegatta, Federico Tamborini, Francesca Maggiulli, Luca Guzzetti, Danilo Di Giovanna, Maurizio Bignami, Carolina Calati, Paolo Castelnuovo, Luigi Valdatta
Complex cranio-orbito-facial defects after skull base cancers resection entail a functional and esthetic reconstruction. The introduction of endoscopic assisted techniques for excision surgery with the advances in reconstructive surgery and anesthesiology allowed to improve the management of such critical patients. We report a series of chimeric anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps used to reconstruct complex cranio-orbital-facial defects after skull base surgery. A retrospective review of patients that underwent cranio-orbito-facial reconstruction using a chimeric ALT flap from March 2013 to October 2015 at a single tertiary care referral Institute was performed...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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