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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093750/what-is-a-jungian-analyst-dreaming-when-myth-comes-to-mind-thirdness-as-an-aspect-of-the-anima-media-natura
#1
August J Cwik
Listening analytically is not listening just to what is said but listening to what is just below the surface waiting to be said. This paper looks at Jung's insight into a 'third thing' being created intra-psychically and within the analytic encounter. Ogden's concept of an 'analytic third' is used to describe the clinical aspects of this thirdness. This paper explores: how the state of thirdness is created and accessed through use of reverie and associative dreaming; how the material emerging from it is used in a from or about manner; and the eventual fate of the third in a successful analysis by a reexamination of plates four and ten of the Rosarium...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093675/solar-photocatalytic-degradation-of-textile-effluent-with-tio2-zno-and-nb2o5-catalysts-assessment-of-photocatalytic-activity-and-mineralization
#2
Renata P Souza, Elizangela Ambrosio, Maisa T F Souza, Thábata K F S Freitas, Ana M Ferrari-Lima, Juliana C Garcia
The photocatalytic degradation of textile effluent was investigated using TiO2, ZnO, and Nb2O5 catalysts under solar irradiation. The procedures were carried out at ambient conditions in April 2014, with pH 3.0 and catalyst concentration of 0.250 g L(-1). The photocatalytic activity of the oxides was evaluated by means of kinetic efficiency (rate constant and half-life time), chemical oxygen demand reduction, and absorbance reduction at 228, 254, 284, 310, 350, 500, and 660 nm (λmáx). Mineralization in terms of the formation of inorganic ions and toxicity reduction using bioassays with Artemia salina were performed...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045607/use-of-lignocellulose-biomass-for-endoxylanase-production-by-streptomyces-termitum
#3
Alenir Naves de Sales, Angélica Cristina de Souza, Rondinele de Oliveira Moutta, Viridiana Santana Ferreira-Leitão, Rosane Freitas Schwan, Disney Ribeiro Dias
Actinobacteria isolates from Brazilian Cerrado soil were evaluated for their ability to produce enzymes of the cellulolytic and xylanolytic complex using lignocellulose residual biomass. Preliminary semi-quantitative tests, made in Petri plates containing carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and beechwood xylan, indicated 11 potential species producing enzymes, all belonging to the genus Streptomyces. The species were subsequently grown in pure substrates in submerged fermentation and analyzed for the production of enzymes endoglucanase, β-glucosidase, endoxylanase and β-xylosidase...
January 3, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932930/testing-the-global-malaise-trap-program-how-well-does-the-current-barcode-reference-library-identify-flying-insects-in-germany
#4
Matthias F Geiger, Jerome Moriniere, Axel Hausmann, Gerhard Haszprunar, Wolfgang Wägele, Paul D N Hebert, Björn Rulik
BACKGROUND: Biodiversity patterns are inherently complex and difficult to comprehensively assess. Yet, deciphering shifts in species composition through time and space are crucial for efficient and successful management of ecosystem services, as well as for predicting change. To better understand species diversity patterns, Germany participated in the Global Malaise Trap Program, a world-wide collection program for arthropods using this sampling method followed by their DNA barcode analysis...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875995/high-throughput-gene-expression-quantification-of-grapevine-defense-responses-in-the-field-using-microfluidic-dynamic-arrays
#5
Marie-Cécile Dufour, Noël Magnin, Bernard Dumas, Sophie Vergnes, Marie-France Corio-Costet
BACKGROUND: The fight against grapevine diseases due to biotrophic pathogens usually requires the massive use of chemical fungicides with harmful environmental effects. An alternative strategy could be the use of compounds able to stimulate plant immune responses which significantly limit the development of pathogens in laboratory conditions. However, the efficiency of this strategy in natura is still insufficient to be included in pest management programs. To understand and to improve the mode of action of plant defense stimulators in the field, it is essential to develop reliable tools that describe the resistance status of the plant upon treatment...
November 22, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798416/effect-of-free-and-nanoencapsulated-copaiba-oil-on-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#6
Cristina Campos, Alexandre Luz de Castro, Angela Maria Vicente Tavares, Rafael Oliveira Fernandes, Vanessa Duarte Ortiz, Tatiane Evelyn Barboza, Cláudio Pereira, Miriam Apel, Onilda Santos da Silva, Susana Llesuy, Alex Sander da Rosa Araujo, Adriane Belló-Klein
Copaiba oil comes from an Amazonian tree and has been used as an alternative medicine in Brazil. However, it has not been investigated yet in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. This study was designed to test whether copaiba oil or nanocapsules containing this oil could modulate monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Male Wistar rats (170 ± 20 g) received oil or nanocapsules containing this oil (400 mg/kg) by gavage daily for one week. At the end of this period, a single injection of MCT (60 mg/kg i...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789147/utilizing-direct-skin-feeding-assays-for-development-of-vaccines-that-interrupt-malaria-transmission-a-systematic-review-of-methods-and-case-study
#7
REVIEW
Elizabeth B Brickley, Mamadou Coulibaly, Erin E Gabriel, Sara A Healy, Jen C C Hume, Issaka Sagara, Sekou F Traore, Ogobara Doumbo, Patrick E Duffy
Shifting the malaria priorities from a paradigm of control and elimination to a goal of global eradication calls for renewed attention to the interruption of malaria transmission. Sustained progress toward eradication will require both improved understanding of infectious reservoirs and efficient development of novel transmission-blocking interventions, such as rapidly acting and highly efficacious therapeutics and vaccines. Here, we review the direct skin feeding assay (DSF), which has been proposed as a valuable tool for measuring the in natura transmission of malaria parasites from human hosts to mosquito vectors across heterogeneous populations...
November 21, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777735/genetic-signatures-of-a-range-expansion-in-natura-when-clones-play-leapfrog
#8
Ronan Becheler, Constance Xhaard, Etienne K Klein, Katherine J Hayden, Pascal Frey, Stéphane De Mita, Fabien Halkett
The genetic consequences of range expansions have generally been investigated at wide geographical and temporal scales, long after the colonization event. A unique ecological system enabled us to both monitor the colonization dynamics and decipher the genetic footprints of expansion over a very short time period. Each year an epidemic of the poplar rust (Melampsora larici-populina) expands clonally and linearly along the Durance River, in the Alps. The colonization dynamics observed in 2004 showed two phases with different genetic outcomes...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764931/-assessment-of-a-project-for-integrated-management-of-care-given-to-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-local-health-authority-21-of-legnago-veneto-region-northern-italy-in-the-period-2010-2012
#9
Alessandro Marcon, Alberto Vaona, Giulio Rigon, Marco Carazzolo, Franco Del Zotti, Sandro Girotto, Claudio Marafetti
OBIETTIVI: descrivere, nella ASL 21 di Legnago (VR), l'andamento di alcuni indicatori sanitari tra il 2009, anno precedente all'avvio di un progetto triennale per la gestione integrata dell'assistenza al paziente con diabete mellito di tipo 2, e il 2012, ultimo anno del progetto. DISEGNO: studio longitudinale trasversale ripetuto. SETTING E PARTECIPANTI: tutti i pazienti diabetici di tipo 2 della ASL 21, identificati nei database aziendali (in base a esenzioni per patologia, accessi al servizio diabetologico, consumo di farmaci antidiabetici e strisce per la determinazione della glicemia) e nelle cartelle cliniche dei medici di famiglia...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764926/-atmospheric-non-methane-hydrocarbons-near-plants-of-crude-oil-first-treatment
#10
Elisa Bustaffa, Annamaria De Marinis Loiotile, Genoveffa Farella, Stefania Petraccone, Gianluigi De Gennaro, Fabrizio Bianchi
La continua espansione delle attività di perforazione ai fini dell'estrazione petrolifera in prossimità di aree abitate ha fatto sì che negli ultimi anni l'attenzione si focalizzasse sull'impatto di questo processo fortemente industrializzato sulla salute pubblica. Le comunità che vivono nei dintorni di impianti di questo tipo devono, infatti, fronteggiare diversi problemi, quali l'inquinamento atmosferico e acustico, la contaminazione del suolo e delle acque sotterranee, il traffico dei camion da e verso il sito, incidenti e malfunzionamenti all'interno dell'impianto...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764219/study-on-the-cytotoxic-genotoxic-and-clastogenic-potential-of-attalea-phalerata-mart-ex-spreng-oil-pulp-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-experimental-models
#11
Fernando Freitas de Lima, Sara Emilia Lima Tolouei Menegati, Giseli Karenina Traesel, Flávio Henrique Souza de Araújo, Caroline Honaiser Lescano, Sara Moraes Peixoto, Felipe Ariel Mao Silva, Silvia Cristina Heredia Vieira, Maria do Carmo Vieira, Silvia Aparecida Oesterreich
Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. (Arecaceae), popularly known as "bacuri", is used in Brazilian folk medicine. Its oil is used orally to relieve pulmonary congestion and joint pain. In topical applications, it is applied as an effective hair tonic and anti-dandruff. The in natura pulp and its nuts are used as food because of its nutritional value. Despite its use in folk medicine, there is a lack of data regarding its in vivo/in vitro cytotoxic/genotoxic and clastogenic effects. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the cytotoxic, genotoxic and clastogenic effects of Attalea phalerata Mart...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662519/relating-fitness-to-long-term-environmental-variations-in-natura
#12
Pascal Milesi, Thomas Lenormand, Christophe Lagneau, Mylène Weill, Pierrick Labbé
Quantifying links between ecological processes and adaptation dynamics in natura remains a crucial challenge. Many studies have documented the strength, form and direction of selection, and its variations in space and time, but only a few managed to link these variations to their proximal causes. This step is, however, crucial, if we are to understand how the variation in selective pressure affects adaptive allele dynamics in natural settings. We used data from a long-term survey (about 30 years) monitoring the adaptation to insecticides of Culex pipiens mosquitoes in Montpellier area (France), focusing on three resistance alleles of the Ester locus...
September 23, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650549/host-plant-range-of-a-fruit-fly-community-diptera-tephritidae-does-fruit-composition-influence-larval-performance
#13
Abir Hafsi, Benoit Facon, Virginie Ravigné, Frédéric Chiroleu, Serge Quilici, Brahim Chermiti, Pierre-François Duyck
BACKGROUND: Phytophagous insects differ in their degree of specialisation on host plants, and range from strictly monophagous species that can develop on only one host plant to extremely polyphagous species that can develop on hundreds of plant species in many families. Nutritional compounds in host fruits affect several larval traits that may be related to adult fitness. In this study, we determined the relationship between fruit nutrient composition and the degree of host specialisation of seven of the eight tephritid species present in La Réunion; these species are known to have very different host ranges in natura...
2016: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637809/public-attitudes-and-opinions-as-dimensions-of-efficient-management-with-extensive-meadows-in-natura-2000-area
#14
Andrej Šorgo, Natalija Špur, Sonja Škornik
Over time, grassland use has changed from traditional (extensive) to intensive agricultural management, a change which has caused biodiversity loss in the European grassland area. To save Europe's biodiversity, the most important measure was the establishment of the Natura 2000 network. Goričko Landscape Park in Slovenia is in Natura 2000 to preserve its traditional and extensive small-scale farming. The aims of this research were to identify potential obstacles to proper management of the extensively used meadows in this region and identify major factors that would affect such management in order to prepare more appropriate strategies for habitat conservation...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634575/branching-patterns-of-root-systems-comparison-of-monocotyledonous-and-dicotyledonous-species
#15
Loïc Pagès
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acropetal root branching is a major process which increases the number of growing tips and distributes their growth potential within the whole root system. METHODS: Using a method presented in a recent paper, the defined branching traits were estimated in 140 different species, and the branching patterns of monocots (45 species) and dicots (95 species) were compared. KEY RESULTS: It was checked that the method also applied to monocots (not considered in the previous paper), and that all traits could be estimated in each species...
December 2016: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591847/private-forest-owners-motivations-for-adopting-biodiversity-related-protection-programs
#16
Philippe Polomé
Since economic incentives are typically fairly low for many non-industrial private forest owners, it is of interest for public policy to examine whether other motives might play a role on adoption of Biodiversity-related Protection Programs. In a survey of non-industrial private forest owners, a number of current programs, that include biodiversity protection to some degree, are investigated: Prosilva, environmental associations, other programs of forest management. Across the survey, adoption amounts to 22% for all the programs jointly, and is shown to depend on economic, social and intrinsic motives, with significant crowding-out only between the economic and intrinsic motives, that is, intrinsic motives likely lessen the effectiveness of economic incentives...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538516/impact-of-the-bolsa-fam%C3%A3-lia-program-on-food-availability-of-low-income-brazilian-families-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Ana Paula Bortoletto Martins, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
BACKGROUND: The Bolsa Família Program was created in Brazil in 2003, by the joint of different social programs aimed at poor or very poor families with focus on income transfer to promote immediate poverty relief, conditionalities and complementary programs. Given the contributions of conditional cash transfer programs to poverty alleviation and their potential effects on nutrition and health, the objective of this study was to assess the impact of the Bolsa Família Program on food purchases of low-income households in Brazil...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510803/identification-of-siglec-1-null-individuals-infected-with-hiv-1
#18
Javier Martinez-Picado, Paul J McLaren, Itziar Erkizia, Maureen P Martin, Susana Benet, Margalida Rotger, Judith Dalmau, Dan Ouchi, Steven M Wolinsky, Sudhir Penugonda, Huldrych F Günthard, Jacques Fellay, Mary Carrington, Nuria Izquierdo-Useros, Amalio Telenti
Siglec-1/CD169 is a myeloid-cell surface receptor critical for HIV-1 capture and infection of bystander target cells. To dissect the role of SIGLEC1 in natura, we scan a large population genetic database and identify a loss-of-function variant (Glu88Ter) that is found in ∼1% of healthy people. Exome analysis and direct genotyping of 4,233 HIV-1-infected individuals reveals two Glu88Ter homozygous and 97 heterozygous subjects, allowing the analysis of ex vivo and in vivo consequences of SIGLEC1 loss-of-function...
August 11, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423770/a-systematic-conservation-planning-approach-to-fire-risk-management-in-natura-2000-sites
#19
Massimiliano Foresta, Maria Laura Carranza, Vittorio Garfì, Mirko Di Febbraro, Marco Marchetti, Anna Loy
A primary challenge in conservation biology is to preserve the most representative biodiversity while simultaneously optimizing the efforts associated with conservation. In Europe, the implementation of the Natura 2000 network requires protocols to recognize and map threats to biodiversity and to identify specific mitigation actions. We propose a systematic conservation planning approach to optimize management actions against specific threats based on two fundamental parameters: biodiversity values and threat pressure...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395884/systematics-and-diversity-of-deep-water-cheilostomata-bryozoa-%C3%A2-from-galicia-bank-ne-atlantic
#20
Javier Souto, Björn Berning, Andrew N Ostrovsky
Galicia Bank is a large seamount situated c. 200 km off NW Iberia with a minimum depth of 600 m. It was recently included in Natura 2000, an EU-wide network of nature protection areas. We here present the first taxonomic descriptions of cheilostome bryozoans from this bank. The specimens were collected through the Spanish project INDEMARES (during BANGAL 0811 cruise conducted in 2011) and during two previous campaigns, the French Seamount 1 in 1987 and the German Victor Hensen in 1997). Twenty-five species were found, including 12 that are new to science, while five species remain in open nomenclature...
January 25, 2016: Zootaxa
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