keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ischemic heart disease caused exacerbation copd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032178/-successful-treatment-of-seasonal-influenza-a-h3n2-infection-related-hemophagocytic-lymphocytosis-in-an-elderly-man
#1
Shintaro Suzuki, Akihiko Tanaka, Yosuke Fukuda, Yoshito Miyata, Yasunori Murata, Yasunari Kishino-Oki, Tetsuya Homma, Tsukasa Ohnishi, Hironori Sagara
A 79-year-old man experienced severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and was receiving treatment for ischemic heart disease. Starting from dizziness and chilliness, he lost consciousness after few days. He was taken to our emergency department. On initial evaluation, he complained of dyspnea and was afebrile with a pulse rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate of 105 beats/min, 112/98mmHg, and 28 breath/min, respectively. His respiratory sounds were clear and chest radiography did not show any abnormal shadows, but his arterial blood gas examination showed type II respiratory failure...
January 2016: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933308/prognostic-value-of-cardiac-troponin-i-during-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-prospective-study
#2
Saleha Noorain
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. It is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. Acute exacerbations of COPD are common and are associated with worsening lung function and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of elevation of cTnI in patients admitted with acute exacerbation of COPD and to study its association with the need for ventilator support, duration of hospital stay, and in-hospital mortality...
January 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26016051/neural-respiratory-drive-measurement-for-copd-assessment-and-monitoring
#3
REVIEW
Adam James Garland, Akash Doshi, Victor Turcanu
Currently there is an unmet need for more objective assessments that could determine COPD severity. Ideally such objective assessments could also anticipate COPD exacerbations in order to decrease the need for repeated hospital admissions. In this review we outline how patients' neural respiratory drive (NRD) may be determined using the electromyography of the diaphragm as an objective measurement of COPD severity. Respiratory muscle NRD is indeed less influenced by patients' voluntary effort limitation than for example when testing for exercise tolerance in which case the patients themselves decide when to stop...
January 2015: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25965630/cardiac-troponin-elevation-predicts-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Rita Pavasini, Fabrizio d'Ascenzo, Gianluca Campo, Simone Biscaglia, Alessandra Ferri, Marco Contoli, Alberto Papi, Claudio Ceconi, Roberto Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease, especially ischemic heart disease, is a major comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Several studies suggested that after acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD), there is a significant increase of mortality (cardiac and all-cause) and of myocardial infarction. Whether cardiac troponin (Tn) elevation during AECOPD could be considered a prognostic marker of all-cause mortality is still debated. METHODS: To assess the prognostic role of cardiac Tn elevation during AECOPD, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis...
July 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25914942/characteristics-and-prognosis-of-never-smokers-and-smokers-with-asthma-in-the-copenhagen-general-population-study-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Yunus Çolak, Shoaib Afzal, Børge G Nordestgaard, Peter Lange
RATIONALE: Asthma is associated with complications, cardiovascular comorbidities, and higher mortality in some individuals. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that, among individuals with asthma, never-smokers have different characteristics and a better prognosis than smokers. METHODS: We recruited 94,079 individuals aged 20-100 years from the Copenhagen General Population Study, a prospective cohort study. Among these individuals, 5,691 (6%) had self-reported asthma (2,304 never-smokers, 2,467 former smokers, and 920 current smokers)...
July 15, 2015: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25775224/relationship-between-troponin-elevation-cardiovascular-history-and-adverse-events-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-copd
#6
Gianluca Campo, Rita Pavasini, Michele Malagù, Silvia Punzetti, Nicola Napoli, Franco Guerzoni, Alberto Papi, Claudio Ceconi, Marco Contoli
Evidence suggests that troponin (Tn) elevation during acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) may predict an increase in mortality risk. We performed an observational study of 935 patients admitted to hospital for AECOPD from January 2010 to December 2012. Principal clinical and laboratory data were recorded, especially ischemic heart disease (IHD) history, Tn T values and cardiovascular drug prescription. The occurrence of all-cause death, cardiac death (CD), nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) was assessed on December 2013...
2015: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25645653/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-ischemic-heart-disease-comorbidity-overview-of-mechanisms-and-clinical-management
#7
REVIEW
Gianluca Campo, Rita Pavasini, Michele Malagù, Susanna Mascetti, Simone Biscaglia, Claudio Ceconi, Alberto Papi, Marco Contoli
In the last few years, many studies focused their attention on the relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ischemic heart disease (IHD), showing that these diseases are mutually influenced. Many different biological processes such as hypoxia, systemic inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, heightened platelet reactivity, arterial stiffness and right ventricle modification interact in the development of the COPD-IHD comorbidity, which therefore deserves special attention in early diagnosis and treatment...
April 2015: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24643260/republished-pro-arrhythmic-and-pro-ischaemic-effects-of-inhaled-anticholinergic-medications
#8
Sonal Singh, Yoon K Loke, Paul Enright, Curt D Furberg
The majority of deaths in COPD are from cardiovascular causes. Several large randomized controlled trials demonstrate that inhaled anticholinergic agents ipratropium and tiotropium increase the risk of serious cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular mortality. Tiotropium Respimat is associated with a statistically significant increased risk of mortality (RR 1.52; 95% CI 1.06 to 2.16) and cardiovascular death (RR 2.05; 95% CI 1.06 to 3.99) compared with placebo in a meta-analysis of clinical trials. In the largest study, the subgroup of patients with COPD in the Respimat group with known rhythm and cardiac disorders at baseline had an especially high risk for cardiac death (RR 8...
April 2014: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23607835/predictors-of-mortality-in-hospitalized-adults-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
REVIEW
Aran Singanayagam, Stuart Schembri, James D Chalmers
RATIONALE: There is a need to identify clinically meaningful predictors of mortality following hospitalized COPD exacerbation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to identify clinically important factors that predict mortality after hospitalization for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Eligible studies considered adults admitted to hospital with COPD exacerbation...
April 2013: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23303399/comorbidities-and-short-term-prognosis-in-patients-hospitalized-for-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-the-epoc-en-servicios-de-medicina-interna-esmi-study
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Pedro Almagro, Francisco Javier Cabrera, Jesus Diez, Ramon Boixeda, M Belen Alonso Ortiz, Cristina Murio, Joan B Soriano
BACKGROUND: Comorbidities are frequent in patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbation, but little is known about their relation with short-term mortality and hospital readmissions. Our hypothesis is that the frequency and type of comorbidities impair the prognosis within 12 weeks after discharge. METHODS: A longitudinal, observational, multicenter study of patients hospitalized for a COPD exacerbation with spirometric confirmation was performed. Comorbidity information was collected using the Charlson index and a questionnaire that included other common conditions not included in this index...
November 2012: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22764216/pro-arrhythmic-and-pro-ischaemic-effects-of-inhaled-anticholinergic-medications
#11
REVIEW
Sonal Singh, Yoon K Loke, Paul Enright, Curt D Furberg
The majority of deaths in COPD are from cardiovascular causes. Several large randomized controlled trials demonstrate that inhaled anticholinergic agents ipratropium and tiotropium increase the risk of serious cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular mortality. Tiotropium Respimat is associated with a statistically significant increased risk of mortality (RR 1.52; 95% CI 1.06 to 2.16) and cardiovascular death (RR 2.05; 95% CI 1.06 to 3.99) compared with placebo in a meta-analysis of clinical trials. In the largest study, the subgroup of patients with COPD in the Respimat group with known rhythm and cardiac disorders at baseline had an especially high risk for cardiac death (RR 8...
January 2013: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21955235/extrapulmonary-comorbidities-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-state-of-the-art
#12
REVIEW
Anant R C Patel, John R Hurst
Extrapulmonary comorbidities are common and significant in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), often contributing to symptoms, exacerbations, hospital admissions and mortality. Cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and psychological conditions are among the most prevalent and important of these. In particular, ischemic heart disease is a leading cause of death in the COPD population as a whole. Here, we provide a state-of-the-art summary of key comorbidities observed in COPD patients in terms of their prevalence, impact, pathophysiology and prognosis...
October 2011: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21940771/the-impact-of-ischemic-heart-disease-on-symptoms-health-status-and-exacerbations-in-patients-with-copd
#13
Anant R C Patel, Gavin C Donaldson, Alex J Mackay, Jadwiga A Wedzicha, John R Hurst
BACKGROUND: Comorbid ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a common and important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with COPD. The impact of IHD on COPD in terms of a patient's health status, exercise capacity, and symptoms is not well understood. METHODS: We analyzed stable-state data of 386 patients from the London COPD cohort between 1995 and 2009 and prospectively collected exacerbation data in those who had completed symptom diaries for ≥ 1 year. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients (16...
April 2012: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21861258/-mortality-and-comorbidity-in-hospitalized-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#14
Renata Rubinsztajn, Ryszarda Chazan
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a fourth cause of death in USA and is expected to be the third cause of death by year 2020. It is believed that some diseases like cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, cachexia, anaemia are systemic consequences of COPD. Some data show that the co-morbidities are more frequent in severe COPD patients than in control groups and are associated with the serious health outcomes. It is debated whether extra pulmonary comorbidities or pulmonary complications are the main reason of death in COPD...
2011: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20066539/comorbidity-hospitalization-and-mortality-in-copd-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Claudio Terzano, Vittoria Conti, Fabio Di Stefano, Angelo Petroianni, Daniela Ceccarelli, Elda Graziani, Salvatore Mariotta, Alberto Ricci, Antonio Vitarelli, Giovanni Puglisi, Corrado De Vito, Paolo Villari, Luigi Allegra
We evaluated comorbidity, hospitalization, and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with special attention to risk factors for frequent hospitalizations (more than three during the follow-up period), and prognostic factors for death. Two hundred eighty-eight consecutive COPD patients admitted to respiratory medicine wards in four hospitals for acute exacerbation were enrolled from 1999 to 2000 in a prospective longitudinal study, and followed up until December 2007. The Charlson index without age was used to quantify comorbidity...
August 2010: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19811370/cardiac-troponin-i-predicts-long-term-mortality-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Oren Fruchter, Mordechai Yigla
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients are at increased risk for mortality, particularly from cardiovascular conditions. Acute exacerbation increases heart burden and may lead to release of troponin I. This study investigates the long-term prognostic value of elevated troponin I detected during acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The records of 182 patients with acute exacerbation in whom troponin I levels were sampled during their hospitalization were reviewed retrospectively...
June 2009: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17106760/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-severity-and-cardiovascular-outcomes
#17
Suellen M Curkendall, Stephan Lanes, Cynthia de Luise, Mary Rose Stang, Judith K Jones, Dewei She, Earl Goehring
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severity and assess the relation between COPD severity and risk of cardiovascular outcomes. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A cohort of patients with diagnosed and treated COPD was compiled from the Saskatchewan Health longitudinal databases. We used multivariate modeling to identify predictors of hospitalization for COPD as an indicator of COPD severity, and we used the model to characterize patients according to quintiles of COPD severity...
2006: European Journal of Epidemiology
1
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"