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Hepatic ischemia reperfusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039506/hypothermic-machine-perfusion-ameliorates-inflammation-during-ischemia%C3%A2-reperfusion-injury-via-sirtuin%C3%A2-1%C3%A2-mediated-deacetylation-of-nuclear-factor%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p65-in-rat-livers-donated-after-circulatory-death
#1
Cheng Zeng, Xiaoyan Hu, Weiyang He, Yanfeng Wang, Ling Li, Yan Xiong, Qifa Ye
Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) effectively reduces ischemia‑reperfusion injury (IRI) in livers donated after circulatory death (DCD) when compared with cold storage (CS). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The current study aimed to investigate the cellular mechanisms by which HMP ameliorates the inflammatory response during IRI. Adult male Sprague‑Dawley rat livers were exposed to 30 min of warm ischemia following cardiac arrest and preserved by CS or HMP for 3 h (n=3 per group)...
October 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029441/curcumin-protects-against-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-injury-through-inhibiting-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#2
Lu Wang, Ning Li, Dongdong Lin, Yunjin Zang
The TLR4/NF-κB pathway had important roles in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we reported a protective effect of curcumin against hepatic I/R injury via TLR4/NF-κB pathway. Curcumin significantly inhibited cell apoptosis, and decreased levels of LDH and production of TNF-a, IL-1b, and IL-6 in the cell supernatant. In addition, curcumin ameliorated elevated TLR4 and NF-κB caused by hypoxia/reoxygenation stimulation in BRL-3A cells. In vivo assays revealed that curcumin reduce levels of ALT and AST, and reversed TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway caused by hepatic I/R stimulation in liver tissues...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019561/atorvastatin-can-prevent-hepatic-remote-reperfusion-injury
#3
Carlos Henrique Marques Dos Santos, Doroty Mesquita Dourado, Baldomero Antonio Kato da Silva, Henrique Budib Dorsa Pontes, Euler de Azevedo-Neto, Giovanna Serra da Cruz Vendas, Ian de Oliveira Chaves, João Victor Cunha Miranda
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown that statins have a promising effect on protection against reperfusion injury. AIM: To evaluate the ability of ischemic postconditioning, statins and both associated to prevent or minimize reperfusion injury in the liver of rats subjected to ischemia and reperfusion by abdominal aorta clamping. METHOD: Were used 41 Wistar rats, which were distributed into five groups: ischemia and reperfusion (I/R), ischemic postcondictioning (IPC), postconditioning + statin (IPC+S), statin (S) and Sham...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986096/high-fat-diet-enhances-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-induced-apoptosis-role-of-glucocorticoid-receptors
#4
Huan-Qiu Liu, Rui-Jun Li, Xin Sun, Ji Li
AIMS: The present study was designed to evaluate whether and how glucocorticoids can affect obesity-regulated hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. MAIN METHODS: To this end, we first examined whether hydrocortisone (HCT) has protective effects on liver damage induced by hepatic I/R injury in mice receiving high fat diet treatment. We then explored the role of GR expression and phosphorylation in the anti-apoptotic effects of hydrocortisone upon hepatic I/R injury...
October 3, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977827/analysis-of-region-specific-gene-expression-patterns-in-the-heart-and-systemic-responses-after-experimental-myocardial-ischemia
#5
Matthias Zimmermann, Lucian Beer, Robert Ullrich, Dominika Lukovic, Elisabeth Simader, Denise Traxler, Tanja Wagner, Lucas Nemec, Lukas Altenburger, Andreas Zuckermann, Mariann Gyöngyösi, Hendrik Jan Ankersmit, Michael Mildner
AIMS: Ischemic myocardial injury leads to the activation of inflammatory mechanisms and results in ventricular remodeling. Although great efforts have been made to unravel the molecular and cellular processes taking place in the ischemic myocardium, little is known about the effects on the surrounding tissue and other organs. The aim of this study was to determine region specific differences in the myocardium and in distant organs after experimental myocardial infarction by using a bioinformatics approach...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972095/interaction-of-neutrophils-with-macrophages-promotes-il-1%C3%AE-maturation-and-contributes-to-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#6
Ai Sadatomo, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Homare Ito, Tadayoshi Karasawa, Hiroaki Kimura, Sachiko Watanabe, Yoshiko Mizushina, Jun Nakamura, Ryo Kamata, Tadashi Kasahara, Hisanaga Horie, Naohiro Sata, Masafumi Takahashi
Accumulating evidence suggests that IL-1β plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury; however, the mechanism by which I/R triggers IL-1β production in the liver remains unclear. Recent data have shown that neutrophils contribute to hepatic I/R injury independently of the inflammasomes regulating IL-1β maturation. Thus, we investigated the role of neutrophils in IL-1β maturation and tissue injury in a murine model of hepatic I/R. IL-1β was released from the I/R liver and its deficiency reduced reactive oxygen species generation, apoptosis, and inflammatory responses, such as inflammatory cell infiltration and cytokine expression, thereby resulting in reduced tissue injury...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969526/evaluating-mrna-expression-levels-of-the-tlr4-irf5-signaling-axis-during-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injuries
#7
Meysam Nasiri, Mostafa Saadat, Mohammad-Hossein Karimi, Negar Azarpira, Iraj Saadat
OBJECTIVES: Hepatic ischemia and reperfusion during liver transplant surgery result in hepatocellular damage. Toll-like receptors, especially TLR4, have a fundamental basic role in the inflammatory phase of ischemia-reperfusion injuries. The effect of the TRIF-dependent signaling pathway downstream of TLR4 in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury has been well established. However, the role of TLR4-MyD88-dependent signal transduction in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury has not yet been clarified...
September 30, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966130/effect-of-cardamonin-on-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-in-rats-role-of-nitric-oxide
#8
Yara Atef, Hassan M El-Fayoumi, Yousra Abdel-Mottaleb, Mona F Mahmoud
Ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury is a cellular damage in a hypoxic organ following the restoration of oxygen delivery. It may occur during organ transplantation, trauma and hepatectomies. Nitric oxide (NO) effects during hepatic I/R are complicated. The iNOS-derived NO has a deleterious effect, whereas eNOS-derived NO has a protective effect in liver I/R. Cardamonin (CDN) is an anti-inflammatory molecule and a novel iNOS inhibitor, and Nω-Nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) is an NOS inhibitor. L-Arginine is a precursor of NOS...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963950/protective-effects-of-crocin-and-zinc-sulfate-on-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-a-comparative-experimental-model-study
#9
Seyyed Ali Mard, Ghaidafeh Akbari, Mahin Dianat, Esrafil Mansouri
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the comparative protective effects of separate and combined pretreatment with Cr and ZnSO4 on serum levels of miR-122, miR-34a, liver function tests, protein expression of Nrf2 and p53, and histopathological changes following IR-induced hepatic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six male Wistar rats randomly assigned into seven groups (n=8). Sham (S), IR, crocin pretreatment (Cr), and crocin pretreatment+IR (Cr+IR), ZnSO4 pretreatment (ZnSO4), ZnSO4 pretreatment+IR (ZnSO4+IR) and their combination (Cr+ZnSO4+IR) groups...
September 27, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957350/does-necroptosis-have-a-crucial-role-in-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#10
Waqar K Saeed, Dae Won Jun, Kiseok Jang, Yeon Ji Chae, Jai Sun Lee, Hyeon Tae Kang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated protective effects of anti-receptor interacting protein kinase 1 (RIP1), a key necroptosis molecule. However, it is uncertain whether necroptosis has a crucial role in hepatic IR injury. Therefore, we evaluated the role of necroptosis in hepatic IR injury. METHOD: The IR mice underwent 70% segmental IR injury induced by the clamping of the hepatic artery and portal vein for 1 hr followed by reperfusion for 4 hr. The key necroptosis molecules (RIP1, RIP3, and MLKL) and other key molecules of regulated necrosis (PGAM5 and caspase-1) were evaluated in the warm IR injury model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952834/silibinin-effect-on-fas-fasl-hmgb1-and-cd45-expressions-in-a-rat-model-subjected-to-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#11
Alexandra K Tsaroucha, Georgia Valsami, Nikolaos Kostomitsopoulos, Maria Lambropoulou, Constantinos Anagnostopoulos, Eirini Christodoulou, Evangelos Falidas, Afrodite Betsou, Michael Pitiakoudis, Constantinos E Simopoulos
PURPOSE: We investigated the hepatoprotective effect of Silibinin (SLB) to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) rat model, by evaluating the histological expression of the tissue markers Fas/FasL, HMGB-1 and CD45, and SLB pharmacokinetics. METHODS: Seventy-three Wistar-type male rats were randomized in 11 groups: Sham control group (open-close laparotomy); four I/R control groups (laparotomy, 45 min vascular occlusion, reperfusion, euthanasia after 60, 120, 180, and 240 min); four SLB (Si) groups (laparotomy, 45 min vascular occlusion, IV administration of SLB, reperfusion, euthanasia after 60, 120, 180, and 240 min); two SLB pharmacokinetics (PK) groups (IV administration of SLB, euthanasia after 45 and 240 min)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943296/il-33-exacerbates-liver-sterile-inflammation-by-amplifying-neutrophil-extracellular-trap-formation
#12
Hamza O Yazdani, Hui-Wei Chen, Samer Tohme, Sheng Tai, Dirk J van der Windt, Patricia Loughran, Brian R Rosborough, Vikas Sud, Donna Beer-Stolz, Heth R Turnquist, Allan Tsung, Hai Huang
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils and Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) both contribute to sterile inflammatory injury during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), a well-known liver surgical stress. Interleukin-33 (IL-33) has been shown to drive neutrophil infiltration during inflammatory responses through its receptor ST2. We recently reported that infiltrating neutrophils form neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), which exacerbate sterile inflammatory injury in liver I/R. Here, we sought to determine the role of IL-33 in NET formation during liver sterile inflammation...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938688/drag-reducing-polymers-decrease-hepatic-injury-and-metastases-after-liver-ischemia-reperfusion
#13
Samer Tohme, Marina V Kameneva, Hamza O Yazdani, Vikas Sud, Julie Goswami, Patricia Loughran, Hai Huang, Richard L Simmons, Allan Tsung
INTRODUCTION: Surgery, a crucial therapeutic modality in the treatment of solid tumors, can induce sterile inflammatory processes which can result in metastatic progression. Liver ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury, an inevitable consequence of hepatic resection of metastases, has been shown to foster hepatic capture of circulating cancer cells and accelerate metastatic growth. Efforts to reduce these negative consequences have not been thoroughly investigated. Drag reducing polymers (DRPs) are blood-soluble macromolecules that can, in nanomolar concentrations, increase tissue perfusion, decrease vascular resistance and decrease near-wall microvascular concentration of neutrophils and platelets thereby possibly reducing the inflammatory microenvironment...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938192/idh2-deficiency-increases-the-liver-susceptibility-to-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-increased-mitochondrial-oxidative-injury
#14
Sang Jun Han, Hong Seok Choi, Jee In Kim, Jeen-Woo Park, Kwon Moo Park
Mitochondrial NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) is a major producer of mitochondrial NADPH, required for glutathione (GSH)-associated mitochondrial antioxidant systems including glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GR). Here, we investigated the role of IDH2 in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (HIR)-associated mitochondrial injury using Idh2-knockout (Idh2(-/-)) mice and wild-type (Idh2(+/+)) littermates. Mice were subjected to either 60min of partial liver ischemia or sham-operation...
September 8, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934733/exosomes-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-hipsc-mscs-protect-liver-against-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-activating-sphingosine-kinase-and-sphingosine-1-phosphate-signaling-pathway
#15
Yingdong Du, Dawei Li, Conghui Han, Haoyu Wu, Longmei Xu, Ming Zhang, Jianjun Zhang, Xiaosong Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of exosomes produced by human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hiPSC-MSCs-Exo) on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, as well as the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Exosomes derived from hiPSC-MSCs were isolated and characterized both biochemically and biophysically. hiPSC-MSCs-Exo were injected systemically into a murine ischemia/reperfusion injury model via the inferior vena cava, and then the therapeutic effects were evaluated...
September 21, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930961/impact-of-a-novel-phosphoinositol-3-kinase-inhibitor-in-preventing-mitochondrial-dna-damage-and-damage-associated-molecular-pattern-accumulation-results-from-the-biochronicity-project
#16
George Edward Black, Kyle K Sokol, Donald M Moe, Jon D Simmons, David Muscat, Victor Pastukh, Gina Capley, Olena Gorodnya, Mykhaylo Ruchko, Mark B Roth, Mark Gillespie, Matthew J Martin
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in the management of severely injured patients, development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) remains a morbid complication of traumatic shock. One of the key attributes of MODS is a profound bioenergetics crisis, for which the mediators and mechanisms are poorly understood. We hypothesized that metabolic uncoupling using an experimental phosphoinositol-3 kinase (PI3-K) inhibitor, LY294002 (LY), may prevent mitochondrial abnormalities that lead to the generation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage and the release of mtDNA damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs)...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920945/neutrophils-a-cornerstone-of-liver-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#17
Thiago Henrique Caldeira de Oliveira, Pedro Elias Marques, Paul Proost, Mauro Martins M Teixeira
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality due to graft rejection after liver transplantation. During IRI, an intense inflammatory process occurs in the liver. This hepatic inflammation is initiated by the ischemic period but occurs mainly during the reperfusion phase, and is characterized by a large neutrophil recruitment to the liver. Production of cytokines, chemokines, and danger signals results in activation of resident hepatocytes, leukocytes, and Kupffer cells. The role of neutrophils as the main amplifiers of liver injury in IRI has been recognized in many publications...
September 18, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916907/pharmacokinetic-study-of-piracetam-in-focal-cerebral-ischemic-rats
#18
Pankaj Paliwal, Debabrata Dash, Sairam Krishnamurthy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cerebral ischemia affects hepatic enzymes and brain permeability extensively. Piracetam was investigated up to phase III of clinical trials and there is lack of data on brain penetration in cerebral ischemic condition. Thus, knowledge of the pharmacokinetics and brain penetration of piracetam during ischemic condition would aid to improve pharmacotherapeutics in ischemic stroke. METHODS: Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion for 2 h in male Wistar rats followed by reperfusion...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901476/dadle-improves-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-mice-via-activation-of-the-nrf2-ho%C3%A2-1-pathway
#19
Yi Zhou, Jing Zhang, Biao Lei, Wenjin Liang, Jianhua Gong, Chuanxiang Zhao, Jidong Yu, Xuan Li, Bo Tang, Shengguang Yuan
Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a common pathophysiological process that occurs following liver surgery, which is associated with oxidative stress, and can cause acute liver injury and lead to liver failure. Recently, the development of drugs for the prevention of hepatic I/R injury has garnered interest in the field of liver protection research. Previous studies have demonstrated that [D‑Ala2, D‑Leu5]‑Enkephalin (DADLE) exerts protective effects against hepatic I/R injury. To further clarify the specific mechanism underlying the effects of DADLE on hepatic I/R injury, the present study aimed to observe the effects of various doses of DADLE on hepatic I/R injury in mice...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893351/hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-mechanisms-of-tissue-injury-repair-and-regeneration
#20
Takanori Konishi, Alex Lentsch
Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major complication of liver surgery, including liver resection, liver transplantation, and trauma surgery. Much has been learned about the inflammatory injury response induced by I/R, including the cascade of proinflammatory mediators and recruitment of activated leukocytes. In this review, we discuss the complex network of events that culminate in liver injury after I/R, including cellular, protein, and molecular mechanisms. In addition we address the known endogenous regulatory mediators that function to maintain homeostasis and resolve injury...
September 11, 2017: Gene Expression
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