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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231700/effect-on-quanti-quality-milk-and-mozzarella-cheese-characteristics-with-further-increasing-the-level-of-dried-stoned-olive-pomace-in-diet-for-lactating-buffalo
#1
Agnese Taticchi, Settimio Bartocci, Maurizio Servili, Sabrina Di Giovanni, Mariano Pauselli, Evangelia Mourvaki, David Meo Zilio, Stefano Terramoccia
Objective: Following a previous report, an experiment was conducted to determine the effect of increasing level of DSOP (dried stoned olives pomaces) in the diet of lactating buffaloes on milk and mozzarella cheese yield and characteristics. Methods: Sixteen pluriparous buffaloes distributed into two groups were fed an isoenergetic (0.9 Milk FU/kg) and isoprotein (149 g/kg DM of crude protein) diet, with or without DSOP. Each animal received 17 kg DM/d. Samples of forages and concentrates were weekly collected and used for duplicate chemical analyses...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231177/the-goal-of-adequate-nutrition-can-it-be-made-affordable-sustainable-and-universal
#2
REVIEW
Ian McFarlane
Until about 1900, large proportions of the world population endured hunger and poverty. The 20th century saw world population increase from 1.6 to 6.1 billion, accompanied and to some extent made possible by rapid improvements in health standards and food supply, with associated advances in agricultural and nutrition sciences. In this paper, I use the application of linear programming (LP) in preparation of rations for farm animals to illustrate a method of calculating the lowest cost of a human diet selected from locally available food items, constrained to provide recommended levels of food energy and nutrients; then, to find a realistic minimum cost, I apply the further constraint that the main sources of food energy in the costed diet are weighted in proportion to the actual reported consumption of food items in that area...
November 30, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231117/compositional-analysis-of-whole-grains-processed-grains-grain-co-products-and-other-carbohydrate-sources-with-applicability-to-pet-animal-nutrition
#3
Alison N Beloshapka, Preston R Buff, George C Fahey, Kelly S Swanson
Our objective was to measure the proximate, starch, amino acid, and mineral compositions of grains, grain co-products, and other carbohydrate sources with potential use in pet foods. Thirty-two samples from barley (barley flake, cut barley, ground pearled barley, malted barley, whole pearled barley, pearled barley flakes, and steamed rolled barley); oats (groats, ground oatmeal, ground steamed groats, instant oats, oat bran, oat fiber, oat flour, quick oats, regular rolled oats, steamed rolled oat groats, and steel cut groats); rice (brown rice, polished rice, defatted rice bran, and rice flour); and miscellaneous carbohydrate sources (canary grass seed, hulled millet, whole millet, quinoa, organic spelt hull pellets, potato flake, sorghum, whole wheat, and whole yellow corn) were analyzed...
March 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230792/static-hot-air-and-infrared-rays-roasting-are-efficient-methods-for-aflatoxin-decontamination-on-hazelnuts
#4
Ilenia Siciliano, Barbara Dal Bello, Giuseppe Zeppa, Davide Spadaro, Maria Lodovica Gullino
Aflatoxins are a group of secondary metabolites produced by members of Aspergillus Section Flavi that are dangerous to humans and animals. Nuts can be potentially contaminated with aflatoxins, often over the legal threshold. Food processes, including roasting, may have different effects on mycotoxins, and high temperatures have proven to be very effective in the reduction of mycotoxins. In this work, two different roasting methods-traditional static hot air roasting and infra-red rays roasting-were applied and compared for the detoxification of hazelnuts from Italy and Turkey...
February 21, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229279/immune-dysfunction-and-increased-oxidative-stress-state-in-diet-induced-obese-mice-are-reverted-by-nutritional-supplementation-with-monounsaturated-and-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids
#5
Caroline Hunsche, Oskarina Hernandez, Alina Gheorghe, Ligia Esperanza Díaz, Ascensión Marcos, Mónica De la Fuente
PURPOSE: Obesity is associated with impaired immune defences and chronic low levels of inflammation and oxidation. In addition, this condition may lead to premature aging. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a nutritional supplementation with monounsaturated and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on several functions and oxidative stress parameters in peritoneal immune cells of obese mice, as well as on the life span of these animals. METHODS: Obesity was induced in adult female ICR/CD1 by the administration of a high-fat diet (HFD) for 14 weeks...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229170/molecular-insight-of-arsenic-induced-carcinogenesis-and-its-prevention
#6
REVIEW
Paramita Mandal
Population of India and Bangladesh and many other parts of the world are badly exposed to arsenic through drinking water. Due to non-availability of safe drinking water, they are dependent on arsenic-contaminated water. Generally, poverty level is high in those areas with lack of proper nutrition. Arsenic is considered to be an environmental contaminant and widely distributed in the environment due to its natural existence and anthropogenic applications. Contamination of arsenic in both human and animal could occur through air, soil, and other sources...
February 22, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228623/elucidation-of-mechanism-of-blood-brain-barrier-damage-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-vascular-dementia
#7
Masaki Ueno
It is well-known that the blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays significant roles in transporting intravascular substances into the brain. The BBB in cerebral capillaries essentially impedes the influx of intravascular compounds from the blood to the brain, while nutritive substances, such as glucose, can be selectively transported through several types of influx transporters in endothelial cells. In the choroid plexus, intravascular substances can invade the parenchyma as fenestrations exist in endothelial cells of capillaries...
February 22, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228583/food-responsiveness-regulates-episodic-behavioral-states-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#8
Richard J McCloskey, Anthony D Fouad, Matthew A Churgin, Christopher Fang-Yen
Animals optimize survival and reproduction in part through control of behavioral states, which depend on the organism's internal and external environments. In the nematode C. elegans, a variety of behavioral states have been described, including roaming, dwelling, quiescence, and episodic swimming. These states have been considered in isolation, under varied experimental conditions, making it difficult to establish a unified picture of how they are regulated. Using long-term imaging, we examined C. elegans episodic behavioral states under varied mechanical and nutritional environments...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225201/edible-insects-in-china-utilization-and-prospects
#9
REVIEW
Ying Feng, Xiao-Ming Chen, Min Zhao, Zhao He, Long Sun, Cheng-Ye Wang, Wei-Feng Ding
The use of edible insects has a long history in China, where they have been consumed for more than two thousand years. In general, the level of acceptance is high for the consumption of insects in China. Many studies on edible insects have been conducted in the last twenty years, and the scope of the research includes the culture of entomophagy and the identification, nutritional value, farming and breeding of edible insects, in addition to food production and safety. Currently, 324 species of insects from 11 orders are documented that are either edible or associated with entomophagy in China, which include the common edible species, some less commonly consumed species, and some medicinal insects...
February 22, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223908/elevated-urinary-glyphosate-and-clostridia-metabolites-with-altered-dopamine-metabolism-in-triplets-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-or-suspected-seizure-disorder-a-case-study
#10
William Shaw
CONTEXT: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder for which a number of genetic, environmental, and nutritional causes have been proposed. Glyphosate is used widely as a crop desiccant and as an herbicide in fields of genetically modified foods that are glyphosate resistant. Several researchers have proposed that it may be a cause of autism, based on epidemiological data that correlates increased usage of glyphosate with an increased autism rate. OBJECTIVE: The current study was intended to determine if excessive glyphosate was present in the triplets and their parents and to evaluate biochemical findings for the family to determine the potential effects of its presence...
February 2017: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222817/livestock-and-feed-water-productivity-in-the-mixed-crop-livestock-system
#11
M Bekele, A Mengistu, B Tamir
Recently with limited information from intensified grain-based farming systems in developed countries, livestock production is challenged as being huge consumer of freshwater. The smallholder mixed crop-livestock (MCL) system which is predominant in developing countries like Ethiopia, is maintained with considerable contributions of crop residues (CR) to livestock feeding. Inclusion of CR is expected to reduce the water requirement for feed production resulting improvement in livestock water productivity (LWP)...
February 22, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222814/milk-kefir-nutritional-microbiological-and-health-benefits
#12
Damiana D Rosa, Manoela M S Dias, Łukasz M Grześkowiak, Sandra A Reis, Lisiane L Conceição, Maria do Carmo G Peluzio
Kefir is fermented milk produced from grains that comprise a specific and complex mixture of bacteria and yeasts that live in a symbiotic association. The nutritional composition of kefir varies according to the milk composition, the microbiological composition of the grains used, the time/temperature of fermentation and storage conditions. Kefir originates from the Caucasus and Tibet. Recently, kefir has raised interest in the scientific community due to its numerous beneficial effects on health. Currently, several scientific studies have supported the health benefits of kefir, as reported historically as a probiotic drink with great potential in health promotion, as well as being a safe and inexpensive food, easily produced at home...
February 22, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222802/counts-of-bovine-monocyte-subsets-prior-to-calving-are-predictive-for-postpartum-occurrence-of-mastitis-and-metritis
#13
Brianna Pomeroy, Anja Sipka, Jamal Hussen, Melanie Eger, Ynte Schukken, Hans-Joachim Schuberth
The heightened susceptibility to infectious diseases in postpartum dairy cows is often attributed to immune dysfunction associated with the transition period. However, the cell populations involved in this immune dysfunction and the dynamics between those populations are not well defined. Monocytes play a crucial role in governing initial immune response in bacterial infections. Bovine monocytes are subdivided in classical (CD14(+)/CD16(-)), intermediate (CD14(+)/CD16(+)) and non-classical monocytes (CD14(-)/CD16(+)) with distinct phenotypic and functional differences...
February 21, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222167/emergence-and-development-of-gut-motility-in-the-chicken-embryo
#14
N R Chevalier, V Fleury, S Dufour, V Proux-Gillardeaux, A Asnacios
The gastrointestinal tract transports the food bolus by peristalsis. Gut motility starts at an early age in the developing embryo, well before it is required for nutrition of the organism. We present a comprehensive kinematic study of the emergence and physiological development of gut motility in all regions of the lower digestive tract of the chicken embryo from embryonic days E5 through E9. We characterized motility emergence time, propagation patterns, speed, frequency and amplitude of peristalsis waves...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222147/the-desert-gerbil-psammomys-obesus-as-a-model-for-metformin-sensitive-nutritional-type-2-diabetes-to-protect-hepatocellular-metabolic-damage-impact-of-mitochondrial-redox-state
#15
Inès Gouaref, Dominique Detaille, Nicolas Wiernsperger, Naim Akhtar Khan, Xavier Leverve, Elhadj-Ahmed Koceir
INTRODUCTION: While metformin (MET) is the most widely prescribed antidiabetic drug worldwide, its beneficial effects in Psammomys obesus (P. obesus), a rodent model that mimics most of the metabolic features of human diabetes, have not been explored thoroughly. Here, we sought to investigate whether MET might improve insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis, lipid profile as well as cellular redox and energy balance in P. obesus maintained on a high energy diet (HED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221872/analysis-of-food-safety-and-security-challenges-in-emerging-african-food-producing-areas-through-a-one-health-lens-the-dairy-chains-in-mali
#16
Rachel Cheng, Alberto Mantovani, Chiara Frazzoli
Challenges posed by changes in livestock production in emerging food producing areas and demographic development and climate change require new approaches and responsibilities in the management of food chains. The increasingly recognized role of primary food producers requires the support of the scientific community to instruct effective approaches based on scientific data, tools, and expertise. Mali is an emerging food producing area, and this review covers (i) the dairy farming scenario and its environment, (ii) the role of dairy production in food security, including the greatly different animal rearing systems in the Sahel and tropical regions, (iii) risk management pillars as modern infrastructures, effective farmer organizations, and institutional systems to guarantee animal health and safety of products, and (iv) feasible interventions based on good practices and risk assessment at the farm level (e...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219777/nutrition-metabolism-and-targeting-aging-in-nonhuman-primates
#17
REVIEW
Priya Balasubramanian, Julie A Mattison, Rozalyn M Anderson
This short review focuses on the importance of nonhuman primate nutrition and aging studies and makes the case that a targeted expansion of the use of this highly translatable model would be advantageous to the biology of aging field. First, we describe the high degree of similarity of the model in terms of aging phenotypes including incidence and prevalence of common human age-related diseases. Second, we discuss the importance of the nonhuman primate nutrition and aging studies and the extent to which the outcomes of two ongoing long-term studies of caloric restriction are congruent with short-term equivalent studies in humans...
February 17, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218981/the-genetic-architecture-of-amino-acids-dissection-by-association-and-linkage-analysis-in-maize
#18
Min Deng, Dongqin Li, Jingyun Luo, Yingjie Xiao, Haijun Liu, Qingchun Pan, Xuehai Zhang, Minliang Jin, Mingchao Zhao, Jianbing Yan
Amino acids are both constituents of proteins, providing the essential nutrition for humans and animals, and signaling molecules regulating the growth and development of plants. Most cultivars of maize are deficient in essential amino acids such as lysine and tryptophan. Here, we measured the levels of 17 different total amino acids, and created 48 derived traits in mature kernels from a maize diversity inbred collection and three recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations. By GWAS, 247 and 281 significant loci were identified in two different environments, 5...
February 20, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218395/coffee-tea-and-melanoma-risk-findings-from-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition
#19
Saverio Caini, Giovanna Masala, Calogero Saieva, Marina Kvaskoff, Isabelle Savoye, Carlotta Sacerdote, Oskar Hemmingsson, Bodil Hammer Bech, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Kristina E N Petersen, Francesca Romana Mancini, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Iris Cervenka, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Anna Floegel, Antonia Trichopoulou, Elisavet Valanou, Maria Kritikou, Giovanna Tagliabue, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Marit B Veierød, Reza Ghiasvand, Marko Lukic, José Ramón Quirós, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, Elena Salamanca Fernández, Nerea Larrañaga, Raul Zamora-Ros, Lena Maria Nilsson, Ingrid Ljuslinder, Karin Jirström, Emily Sonestedt, Timothy J Key, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Marc Gunter, Inge Huybrechts, Neil Murphy, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Elisabete Weiderpass, Domenico Palli
In vitro and animal studies suggest that bioactive constituents of coffee and tea may have anticarcinogenic effects against cutaneous melanoma, however epidemiological evidence is limited to date. We examined the relationships between coffee (total, caffeinated or decaffeinated) and tea consumption and risk of melanoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). EPIC is a multi-centre prospective study that enrolled over 500,000 participants aged 25-70 years from ten European countries in 1992-2000...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217556/group-b-streptococcus-induces-neutrophil-recruitment-to-gestational-tissues-and-elaboration-of-extracellular-traps-and-nutritional-immunity
#20
Vishesh Kothary, Ryan S Doster, Lisa M Rogers, Leslie A Kirk, Kelli L Boyd, Joann Romano-Keeler, Kathryn P Haley, Shannon D Manning, David M Aronoff, Jennifer A Gaddy
Streptococcus agalactiae, or Group B Streptococcus (GBS), is a gram-positive bacterial pathogen associated with infection during pregnancy and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates. Infection of the extraplacental membranes surrounding the developing fetus, a condition known as chorioamnionitis, is characterized histopathologically by profound infiltration of polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs, neutrophils) and greatly increases the risk for preterm labor, stillbirth, or neonatal GBS infection...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
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