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Occupational therapy + acute care +adults

Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Margherita Schiavi, Stefania Costi, Martina Pellegrini, Debora Formisano, Sergio Borghi, Stefania Fugazzaro
PURPOSE: Inpatients admitted to rehabilitation express needs not linked to disease causing hospitalization. This observational cross-sectional study identifies features and occupational needs of complex inpatients during rehabilitation, focusing on function and ability, regardless of diagnosis. METHOD: This study included sixteen adult inpatients with stroke, deemed complex according to Rehabilitation Complexity Scale-Extended, at admission to Rehabilitation ward (from July 2014 to February 2015)...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Tracy Kornafel, Elaine Y Tsao, Emily Sabelhaus, Lori Surges, Susan D Apkon
AIMS: The purpose of this case report is to describe the inpatient rehabilitation program of a 13-year-old boy with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM), specific to physical and occupational therapy examination, treatment, and outcomes. CASE DESCRIPTION: AFM is a rare, acute neurologic illness in children and young adults who present with weakness and/or paralysis of unknown etiology. The teenager was admitted to the program, dependent for all mobility and self-care. Interventions focused on range of motion, transfer training, self-care, power wheelchair mobility, and environmental adaptations...
January 17, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Varun Mehta, Vandana Midha, Ramit Mahajan, Vikram Narang, Praneet Wander, Ridhi Sood, Ajit Sood
BACKGROUND: Though a majority of cases of lead intoxication come from occupational exposures, traditional and folk remedies have also been reported to contain toxic amounts of lead. We present a large series of patients with lead poisoning due to intake of Ayurvedic medicines, all of whom presented with unexplained abdominal pain. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective, observational case series from a tertiary care center in India. The charts of patients who underwent blood lead level (BLL) testing as a part of workup for unexplained abdominal pain between 2005 and 2013 were reviewed...
February 2017: Clinical Toxicology
Mary Man-Lai Chu, Kenneth Nai-Kuen Fong, Albert Chau-Hung Lit, Timothy Hudson Rainer, Stella Wai-Chee Cheng, Frederick Lap-Yan Au, Henry Kwok-Kwong Fung, Chit-Ming Wong, Hon-Kuan Tong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of an occupational therapy fall reduction home visit program for older adults admitted to the emergency department (ED) for a fall and discharged directly home. DESIGN: Single-blind, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. SETTINGS: EDs in three acute care hospitals in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older who had fallen (N = 311). INTERVENTIONS: After screening for eligibility, 204 consenting individuals were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG) and received a single home visit from an occupational therapist (OT) within 2 weeks after discharge from the hospital or a control group (CG) and received a well-wishing visit from a research assistant not trained in fall prevention...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Sarah Elizabeth Jolley, Marc Moss, Dale M Needham, Ellen Caldwell, Peter E Morris, Russell R Miller, Nancy Ringwood, Megan Anders, Karen K Koo, Stephanie E Gundel, Selina M Parry, Catherine L Hough
OBJECTIVE: Early mobility in mechanically ventilated patients is safe, feasible, and may improve functional outcomes. We sought to determine the prevalence and character of mobility for ICU patients with acute respiratory failure in U.S. ICUs. DESIGN: Two-day cross-sectional point prevalence study. SETTING: Forty-two ICUs across 17 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network hospitals. PATIENTS: Adult patients (≥ 18 yr old) with acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation...
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
Benjamin D Bray, Geoffrey C Cloud, Martin A James, Harry Hemingway, Lizz Paley, Kevin Stewart, Pippa J Tyrrell, Charles D A Wolfe, Anthony G Rudd
BACKGROUND: Studies in many health systems have shown evidence of poorer quality health care for patients admitted on weekends or overnight than for those admitted during the week (the so-called weekend effect). We postulated that variation in quality was dependent on not only day, but also time, of admission, and aimed to describe the pattern and magnitude of variation in the quality of acute stroke care across the entire week. METHODS: We did this nationwide, registry-based, prospective cohort study using data from the Sentinel Stroke National Audit Programme...
July 9, 2016: Lancet
A Ashman, R Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
Claire Jourdan, Eleonore Bayen, Emmanuelle Darnoux, Idir Ghout, Sylvie Azerad, Alexis Ruet, Claire Vallat-Azouvi, Pascale Pradat-Diehl, Philippe Aegerter, Jean-Jacques Weiss, Philippe Azouvi
OBJECTIVE: To assess brain injury services utilization and their determinants using Andersen's model. METHODS: Prospective follow-up of the PariS-TBI inception cohort. Out of 504 adults with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), 245 survived and 147 received a 4-year outcome assessment (mean age 33 years, 80% men). Provision rates of medical, rehabilitation, social and re-entry services and their relations to patients' characteristics were assessed. RESULTS: Following acute care discharge, 78% of patients received physiotherapy, 61% speech/cognitive therapy, 50% occupational therapy, 41% psychological assistance, 63% specialized medical follow-up, 21% community re-entry assistance...
2015: Brain Injury: [BI]
Elizabeth A Lynch, Julie A Luker, Dominique A Cadilhac, Susan L Hillier
OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency and factors associated with patients with stroke in Australian hospitals receiving documented rehabilitation assessments; to examine the criteria used when rehabilitation was not recommended; and to examine whether being assessed for rehabilitation affected access to rehabilitation. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record audit of patients with a diagnosis of stroke who were discharged consecutively between 2013 and 2014. SETTING: Acute care public hospitals...
May 2015: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Phillip J Whitehead, Avril E R Drummond, Marion F Walker, Ruth H Parry, Ian D McGeorge, Zaid Latif
BACKGROUND: Homecare re-ablement services have been developed by local authorities in England in response to the government agenda for health and social care. These services aim to optimize users' independence and ability to cope at home, and reduce the need for ongoing health and social care services. However, there is currently limited evidence and guidance regarding the optimum configuration and delivery of re-ablement services. In particular, the impact of occupational therapy input on service user outcomes has been highlighted as a specific research priority...
November 19, 2014: Trials
Louise Rose, Robert A Fowler, Eddy Fan, Ian Fraser, David Leasa, Cathy Mawdsley, Cheryl Pedersen, Gordon Rubenfeld
BACKGROUND: We sought to describe prevalence and care practices for patients experiencing prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV), defined as ventilation for 21 or more consecutive days and medical stability. METHODS: We provided the survey to eligible units via secure Web link to a nominated unit champion from April to November 2012. Weekly telephone and e-mail reminders were sent for 6 weeks. RESULTS: Response rate was 215 (90%) of 238 units identifying 308 patients requiring PMV on the survey day occupying 11% of all Canadian ventilator-capable beds...
February 2015: Journal of Critical Care
Anita Petzold, Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Nancy M Salbach, Sara Ahmed, Anita Menon, Tatiana Ogourtsova
BACKGROUND: A gap exists between best and actual management of poststroke unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Given the negative impact of USN on poststroke recovery, knowledge translation efforts are needed to optimize USN management. To date, no study has investigated the specific barriers and facilitators affecting USN management during the acute care process. OBJECTIVE: To identify the facilitators and barriers that affect evidence-based practice use by occupational therapists (the primary discipline managing USN) when treating individuals with acute poststroke USN...
May 2014: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Naaz M Kapadia, Shaghayegh Bagher, Milos R Popovic
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to compare the benefits of single (COT1) versus double (COT2) dose of conventional occupational therapy (COT) in improving voluntary hand function in individuals with incomplete, sub-acute C3-C7 spinal cord injury (SCI). The secondary objective was to compare these two interventions versus functional electrical stimulation therapy plus COT (FES + COT). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. Setting Inpatient spinal cord rehabilitation center, Toronto...
November 2014: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Daniel Kuhn, Veronika Leichtfried, Wolfgang Schobersberger
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and the effects of functional electrical stimulated cycling (FES cycling) in patients with spinal cord injury during their rehabilitation in a special acute care unit. Thirty patients [10 with American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) grade A, three with AIS grade B, 15 with AIS grade C, two with AIS grade D] aged 44±15.5 years and 2 (median) (interquartile range, 1.0-4.25) months after spinal cord injury were included in the study. The patients participated in a 20-min FES-cycling program 2 days per week for 4 weeks during their acute inpatient rehabilitation...
September 2014: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Sharon Smith, Melinda J Suto
BACKGROUND: Spirituality is a complex yet vital aspect of care on acute psychiatric units. Occupational therapists play a role in engaging their clients regarding spirituality as a resource for recovery. PURPOSE: This manuscript reports on Part I of a research study that explored the experience of spiritual conversations for patients (Part I) and mental health professionals (Part 2) on acute psychiatric units. METHOD: Community-based participatory research framed the project philosophically and relationally, and interpretive description defined the data collection, data analysis, and dissemination methods...
February 2014: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
Diane U Jette, Mary Stilphen, Vinoth K Ranganathan, Sandra D Passek, Frederick S Frost, Alan M Jette
BACKGROUND: Physical therapists and occupational therapists practicing in acute care hospitals play a crucial role in discharge planning. A standardized assessment of patients' function could be useful for discharge recommendations. OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine the accuracy of "6-Clicks" basic mobility and daily activity measures for predicting discharge from an acute care hospital to a home or institutional setting. DESIGN: The study was retrospective and observational...
September 2014: Physical Therapy
Victoria Pattison de Menil, Martin Knapp, David McDaid, Frank Gitau Njenga
The gap in Kenya between need and treatment for mental disorders is wide, and private providers are increasingly offering services, funded in part by private health insurance (PHI). Chiromo, a 30-bed psychiatric hospital in Nairobi, forms part of one of the largest private psychiatric providers in East Africa. The study evaluated the effects of insurance on service use and charge, questioning implications on access to care. Data derive from invoices for 455 sequential patients, including 12-month follow-up...
2014: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) comprises four core symptom clusters following a traumatic event: (1) re-experiencing, (2) avoidance, (3) negative cognitions/mood, and (4) hyperarousal, lasting >1 month.(1,2) It causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important functions.(1) Acute stress disorder (ASD) occurs within 4 weeks of the event and comprises similar symptoms to PTSD, lasting 2 days to 4 weeks.(3,4) Recognition and treatment of PTSD may be complicated by symptom overlap or comorbidity with disorders such as anxiety and depression...
March 2014: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Natasha Kareem Brusco, Jennifer J Watts, Nora Shields, Siew-Pang Chan, Nicholas F Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if a Saturday rehabilitation service in addition to usual care improved return to work outcomes 12 months post discharge and to report predictors of return to work. DESIGN: Subgroup analysis of a single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: General inpatient rehabilitation service. SUBJECTS: A mixed cohort of 137 adults previously engaged in work, who were admitted for inpatient rehabilitation and allocated to a control group (n=63) or an intervention group (n=74)...
August 2014: Clinical Rehabilitation
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