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Low tension glaucoma

Tolga Kocatürk, Çağdaş Akgüllü, Gökhan E Evliçoğlu, İmran K Ömürlü, Harun Çakmak, Ufuk Eryılmaz, Volkan Dayanır
OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology of glaucoma is still undisclosed. Cardiovascular hemodynamic changes are hypothesized to contribute to glaucoma. This study aimed to determine the differences in the diurnal blood pressure (BP) of patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG), primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), and controls without glaucoma. METHODS: A total of 129 patients were included in this study. The day-night average systolic and diastolic BPs, the day-night average pulse pressures (PPs), the day-night average heart rates, and the percentage of BP decline at night were obtained from the Holter devices and compared...
March 9, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Teruyo Kida, Masanori Fukumoto, Takaki Sato, Hidehiro Oku, Tsunehiko Ikeda
PURPOSE: The association of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) or ocular hypertension has been reported, and lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) helps to improve the retinal circulation in eyes with CRVO. However, the clinical features of CRVOs with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) are not well known. Therefore, we investigated Japanese CRVO patients with NTG. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 234 CRVO patients over 5 years, with follow-ups of more than 12 months, and evaluated the prevalence of glaucoma...
2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
Bai-Bing Li, Yu Cai, Ying-Zi Pan, Mei Li, Rong-Hua Qiao, Yuan Fang, Tian Tian
BACKGROUND: High intraocular pressure (IOP) and low central corneal thickness (CCT) are important validated risk factors for glaucoma, and some studies also have suggested that eyes with more deformable corneas may be in higher risk of the development and worsening of glaucoma. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the association between corneal biomechanical parameters and asymmetric visual field (VF) damage using a Corvis-ST device in patients with untreated normal tension glaucoma (NTG)...
February 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
Imran H Yusuf, Gokularaj Ratnarajan, Richard S Kerr, John F Salmon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
Pasquale Gallina, Alfonso Savastano, Eleonora Becattini, Simone Orlandini, Stanislao Rizzo, Berardino Porfirio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
K Konieczka, J Flammer
The Flammer syndrome (FS) describes the phenotype of people with a predisposition for an altered reaction of the blood vessels to stimuli like coldness, emotional stress or high altitude. Frequent symptoms are: cold hands and/or feet, low blood pressure, prolonged sleep onset time, reduced feeling of thirst, increased sensitivity to odour, pain, vibration and certain drugs. SF subjects are often ambitious and successful but also perfectionistic and sometimes brooding. Frequent signs are: altered gene expression, prolonged blood flow cessation in nailfold capillaroscopy after cold provocation, reduced autoregulation of ocular blood flow, and reduced vasodilation after stimulation with flickering light...
December 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Shengjie Li, Aiping Zhang, Wenjun Cao, Xinghuai Sun
Purpose. The aim of this meta-analysis was to clarify the association between the plasma endothelin-1 level and the risks of normal tension glaucoma (NTG) and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods. Relevant publications were collected from three databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and the Web of Science through December 31, 2015. In this study, the terms "(endothelin OR ET) AND glaucoma" were searched. Review Manager 5.2 was used to process the data. Results. Seven studies (212 cases, 164 controls) were included for the NTG analysis...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Ewa Kosior-Jarecka, Dominika Wróbel-Dudzińska, Urszula Łukasik, Tin Aung, Chiea Chuen Khor, Janusz Kocki, Tomasz Żarnowski
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of endothelin and endothelin receptor type A genes can constitute a risk factor for normal tension glaucoma (NTG) and high tension glaucoma (HTG). METHODS: The study included 160 patients with NTG, 124 patients with HTG, and 165 healthy controls. To analyze the frequency of polymorphic variants of the endothelin EDN gene (K198N) and the endothelin receptor type A gene EDN RA (C1222T, C70G, G231A), DNA was isolated from peripheral blood, and SNP genotyping was performed using the real-time PCR (RT-PCR) method...
2016: Molecular Vision
Xiaoli Guo, Atsuko Kimura, Yuriko Azuchi, Goichi Akiyama, Takahiko Noro, Chikako Harada, Kazuhiko Namekata, Takayuki Harada
Glaucoma is characterized by progressive degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons. We previously reported that loss of glutamate transporters (EAAC1 or GLAST) in mice leads to RGC degeneration that is similar to normal tension glaucoma and these animal models are useful in examining potential therapeutic strategies. Caloric restriction has been reported to increase longevity and has potential benefits in injury and disease. Here we investigated the effects of every-other-day fasting (EODF), a form of caloric restriction, on glaucomatous pathology in EAAC1(-/-) mice...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Suddhasil Mookherjee, Deblina Banerjee, Subhadip Chakraborty, Indranil Mukhopadhyay, Abhijit Sen, Kunal Ray
AIMS: Dysregulation of the immune system has previously been implicated in glaucoma pathogenesis. In this study, we investigated the potential association of SNPs in the IL1 gene cluster, consisting of nine genes, with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) cases. These cases presented with low to normal intraocular pressures (<20 mmHg), and are referred to as non-high tension glaucoma (non-HTG) cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this biphasic study, the discovery phase was conducted with 198 non-HTG cases and 112 controls from eastern India...
October 2016: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Ying Hong, Nobuyuki Shoji, Tetsuya Morita, Kazunori Hirasawa, Kazuhiro Matsumura, Masayuki Kasahara, Kimiya Shimizu
AIM: To compare the corneal biomechanical properties difference by ocular response analyzer (ORA) in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) patients with different visual field (VF) progression speed. METHODS: NTG patients with well-controlled Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) who routinely consulted Kitasato University Hospital Glaucoma Department between January 2010 and February 2014 were enrolled. GAT and ORA parameters including corneal compensated intraocular pressure (IOPcc), Goldmann estimated intraocular pressure (IOPg), corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF) were recorded...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Jyotiranjan Mallick, Lily Devi, Pradeep K Malik, Jogamaya Mallick
Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) is labelled when typical glaucomatous disc changes, visual field defects and open anterior chamber angles are associated with intraocular pressure (IOP) constantly below 21 mmHg. Chronic low vascular perfusion, Raynaud's phenomenon, migraine, nocturnal systemic hypotension and over-treated systemic hypertension are the main causes of normal tension glaucoma. Goldmann applanation tonometry, gonioscopy, slit lamp biomicroscopy, optical coherence tomography and visual field analysis are the main tools of investigation for the diagnosis of NTG...
April 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Imran H Yusuf, Gokularaj Ratnarajan, Richard S Kerr, John F Salmon
INTRODUCTION: The evidence for low cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) as a key parameter in the pathogenesis of glaucoma is increasing. Primate models have demonstrated the onset normal tension glaucoma (NTG) from experimentally induced chronic intrathecal hypotension; an approach not possible in human subjects. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old man presented with a central scotoma in his left eye. He had undergone 8 CSF shunt revision procedures over a 25-year period secondary to recurrent low CSFP following surgical excision of a pinealoblastoma, aged 2...
August 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Mehmet Bulut, Aylin Yaman, Muhammet Kazim Erol, Fatma Kurtuluş, Devrim Toslak, Deniz Turgut Coban, Ebru Kaya Başar
PURPOSE: To assess cognitive performance differences among primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients, normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients, and healthy control (C) subjects. METHODS: A total of 60 participants (20 POAG, 20 NTG, and 20 C subjects) were included in this study. A detailed ophthalmologic examination was performed on all participants. A spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system was used to measure the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thicknesses...
April 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Jan P Ulloa-Padilla, Natalio J Izquierdo, Armando Oliver
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have described septooptic dysplasia (SOD) to describe patients who have optic nerve hypoplasia, the absence of septum pellucidum, and pituitary hypoplasia. Other rare ophthalmic associations have been described, such as low-tension glaucoma. We report the ocular findings of a patient with SOD who had high intraocular pressure (IOP) and glaucoma as a part of the syndrome. OBJECTIVES: To report the ocular findings in a Puerto Rican patient with SOD and increased IOP...
July 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
G Milioti, A Langenbucher, B Seitz, U Löw
Background and Purpose: Ocular blood flow imbalance and the loss of autoregulation are widely believed to be important factors in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of morphometric and functional changes on ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) in normal tension glaucoma (NTG), primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), pseudoexfoliation-glaucoma (PEX) and ocular hypertension (OHT). Patients and Methods: This prospective study included 172 patients with manifest glaucoma and OHT...
February 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
K Konieczka, M G Todorova, R I Bojinova, T Binggeli, T N Chackathayil, J Flammer
BACKGROUND: The optic nerve compartment syndrome is a pathological condition in which cerebrospinal fluid of the subarachnoid space surrounding the optic nerve is partly or totally segregated from the cerebrospinal fluid of the intracranial subarachnoid space, leading - inter alia - to an increase in the diameter of the optic nerve sheath. The pathogenesis of this condition remains unclear. We have observed clinically that optic nerve compartment syndrome often occurs in normal tension glaucoma patients with Flammer syndrome...
April 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Ryan Le, Neeru Gupta
The aim of this study is to report a case of gold shunt surgery for uncontrolled, low-tension glaucoma with good central vision, after having a previously failed trabeculectomy and tube shunt surgeries. The patient was receiving maximum medical glaucoma therapy of four different types with intraocular pressure of 17 mm Hg prior to gold shunt surgery. Five years later, intraocular pressure is well controlled in the low teens without the need for ocular medications, and glaucoma is stable following gold shunt surgery...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Carolina P B Gracitelli, Pilar A Moreno, Mauro T Leite, Tiago S Prata
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic ability of macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness in high-tension glaucoma (HTG) and low-tension glaucoma (LTG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Glaucoma was defined as glaucomatous optic neuropathy and reproducible visual field defects. Patients were classified as having LTG if untreated intraocular pressure was ≤21 mm Hg on 2 different occasions. Only eyes with early glaucoma (mean deviation <-6 dB) were included...
March 4, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Ji Yun Lee, Kyung Rim Sung, Jin Young Lee
PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the progression of medically treated primary open angle glaucoma according to the baseline intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: This study included a total of 345 eyes from 345 patients (mean follow-up period, 4.5 years). Eyes were classified into either conventional normal tension glaucoma (cNTG, ≤21 mmHg) or conventional high-tension glaucoma (cHTG, >21 mmHg) groups according to the conventional cut-off value of the IOP...
February 2016: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
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