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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904850/the-safety-and-risk-factors-of-major-hepatobiliary-pancreatic-surgery-in-patients-older-than-80-years
#1
Jong Hun Kim, Seog Ki Min, Huisong Lee, Geun Hong, Hyeon Kook Lee
PURPOSE: Recently, the number of elderly patients has increased due to a longer life expectancy. Among these elderly patients, more octogenarians will be diagnosed with major hepatobiliary pancreatic (HBP) diseases. Therefore, we need to evaluate the safety and risk factors of major HBP surgery in patients older than 80 years. METHODS: From January 2000 to April 2015, patients who underwent major HBP surgery were identified. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to their age at the time of surgery: Group O (≥80 years) and group Y (<80 years)...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904444/anatomic-variations-of-the-pancreatic-duct-and-their-relevance-with-the-cambridge-classification-system-mrcp-findings-of-1158-consecutive-patients
#2
Zehra Hilal Adibelli, Mustafa Adatepe, Cetin Imamoglu, Ozgur Sipahi Esen, Nazif Erkan, Mehmet Yildirim
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to evaluate the frequencies of the anatomic variations and the gender distributions of these variations of the pancreatic duct and their relevance with the Cambridge classification system as morphological sign of chronic pancreatitis using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1312 consecutive patients who referred to our department for MRCP between January 2013 and August 2015...
December 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900729/radical-resection-of-t1-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-with-a-pseudocyst-of-the-tail-due-to-acute-obstructive-pancreatitis-report-of-a-case
#3
Yuki Fujiwara, Fumitake Suzuki, Masaru Kanehira, Yasuro Futagawa, Tomoyoshi Okamoto, Katsuhiko Yanaga
A 53-year-old male visited his primary physician for epigastric and back pain. Abdominal-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a simple cyst of the pancreatic tail attached to the stomach. A distal main pancreatic duct (MPD) was clearly dilated, but no pancreatic tumor was identified around the stenosis of MPD by CT scan and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) revealed stenosis and distal dilation of the MPD located between the body and tail of the pancreas...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896509/shape-and-enhancement-characteristics-of-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-on-preoperative-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-may-be-prognostic-indicators
#4
Hirohisa Okabe, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Morikatsu Yoshida, Katsunobu Taki, Kota Arima, Katsunori Imai, Yoshitaka Tamura, Osamu Ikeda, Takatoshi Ishiko, Hideaki Uchiyama, Toru Ikegami, Norifumi Harimoto, Shinji Itoh, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Toru Beppu, Yasuyuki Yamashita, Hideo Baba, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Prognostic indicators of the malignant potential of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNET) are limited. We assessed tumor shape and enhancement pattern on contrast-enhanced computed tomography as predictors of malignant potential. METHODS: Sixty cases of PNET patients undergoing curative surgery from 2001 to 2014 were enrolled onto our retrospective study. Preoperative enhanced CTs were assessed, and criteria defined for regularly shaped and enhancing tumors (group 1), and irregularly shaped and/or enhancing tumors (group 2)...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896469/ct-evaluation-after-neoadjuvant-folfirinox-chemotherapy-for-borderline-and-locally-advanced-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#5
Mathilde Wagner, Celia Antunes, Daniel Pietrasz, Christophe Cassinotto, Magaly Zappa, Antonio Sa Cunha, Oliver Lucidarme, Jean-Baptiste Bachet
AIM: To assess anatomic changes on computed tomography (CT) after neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX (5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/irinotecan/oxaliplatin) chemotherapy for secondary resected borderline resectable (BR) and locally advanced (LA) pancreatic adenocarcinoma and their accuracy to predict resectability and pathological response. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with secondary resected BR/LA pancreatic adenocarcinoma after neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy (± chemoradiotherapy) were retrospectively included...
November 28, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885893/tumor-vessel-relationships-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-at-multidetector-ct-different-classification-systems-and-their-influence-on-treatment-planning
#6
Ahmed M Zaky, Christopher L Wolfgang, Matthew J Weiss, Ammar A Javed, Elliot K Fishman, Atif Zaheer
Treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a challenge, given its propensity for early systemic spread and growth into the adjacent vital vascular structures. With the advent of newer surgical techniques and chemoradiation therapies, multidetector computed tomography (CT) plays a crucial role in the identification of patients with borderline resectable disease who may benefit from such treatments. Stage III PDAC is divided into two categories-locally advanced, defined by arterial encasement or nonreconstructible portovenous axis involvement; and borderline resectable, defined by limited arterial involvement and/or reconstructible portovenous involvement...
November 25, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884691/aapt-diagnostic-criteria-for-chronic-cancer-pain-conditions
#7
REVIEW
Judith A Paice, Matt Mulvey, Michael Bennett, Patrick M Dougherty, John T Farrar, Patrick W Mantyh, Christine Miaskowski, Brian Schmidt, Thomas J Smith
: Chronic cancer pain is a serious complication of malignancy or its treatment. Currently, no comprehensive, universally accepted cancer pain classification system exists. Clarity in classification of common cancer pain syndromes would improve clinical assessment and management. Moreover, an evidence-based taxonomy would enhance cancer pain research efforts by providing consistent diagnostic criteria, ensuring comparability across clinical trials. As part of a collaborative effort between the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations Innovations Opportunities and Networks (ACTTION) and the American Pain Society (APS), the ACTTION-APS Pain Taxonomy (AAPT) initiative worked to develop the characteristics of an optimal diagnostic system...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876341/imaging-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-pancreas
#8
C Dromain, D Déandréis, J-Y Scoazec, D Goere, M Ducreux, E Baudin, L Tselikas
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are rare and represent a heterogeneous disease. PNET can be functioning or non-functioning with different clinical presentations and different prognosis based on WHO and pTNM classifications. The role of imaging includes the localization of small functioning tumor, differentiation of these tumors from adenocarcinoma, identification of signs of malignancy and evaluation of extent. PNETs have a broad spectrum of appearance. On CT and MRI, most of functioning PNETs are well defined small tumors with intense and homogeneous enhancement on arterial and portal phases...
December 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865602/evolution-and-impact-of-lymph-node-dissection-during-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for%C3%A2-pancreatic-cancer
#9
Mariam F Eskander, Susanna W L de Geus, Gyulnara G Kasumova, Sing Chau Ng, Waddah Al-Refaie, Gamze Ayata, Jennifer F Tseng
BACKGROUND: Insufficient examination of lymph nodes after pancreaticoduodenectomy can lead some pancreatic cancer patients with N1 disease to be misclassified as N0. We examined trends in lymph node dissection throughout time and investigated how these changes affect lymph node status and its prognostic value. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was queried for patients with nonmetastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma (2004-2013) who underwent classic pancreaticoduodenectomy with antrectomy...
November 16, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865286/intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas
#10
REVIEW
Zhi Ven Fong, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo
The incidence of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas has been rising in the past 2 decades, driven mainly by the widespread use of cross-sectional imaging. IPMNs are intraductal mucin-producing neoplasms that involve the main pancreatic duct or its side branches and lack the ovarian stroma typically seen in mucinous cystic neoplasms. The International Association of Pancreatology released consensus guidelines in 2006 and 2012 providing clinical algorithms based on IPMN features and risk of malignancy...
December 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864816/giant-insulinoma-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-published-reports
#11
Kazumitsu Ueda, Tetsuro Taira, Hiroyuki Hakoda, Shoko Nakata, Shinya Okata, Takeshi Nagai, Shigeo Aoki, Hideyuki Mishima, Akihiko Sako, Tsunehiko Maruyama, Minoru Okumura
BACKGROUND: Larger insulinomas are reportedly more likely to be malignant; however, their biological behavior has not been clearly elucidated. We here report the characteristics and treatment of a giant insulinoma with local invasion and lymph node metastasis. We also review published reports concerning the clinical features of giant insulinomas and comparing their grading with that of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old man was referred to our hospital for investigation of persistent hypoglycemia...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863693/surgical-treatment-of-non-functioning-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumours-based-on-three-clinical-scenarios
#12
Juli Busquets, Elena Ramírez-Maldonado, Teresa Serrano, Núria Peláez, Luís Secanella, Sandra Ruiz-Osuna, Emilio Ramos, Laura Lladó, Juan Fabregat
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of patients with non-functioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NFPNET) is resection in locally pancreatic disease, or with resectable liver metastases. There is controversy about unresectable liver disease. METHODS: We analysed the perioperative data and survival outcome of 63 patients who underwent resection of NFPNET between 1993 and 2012. They were divided into 3 scenarios: A, pancreatic resection (44patients); B, pancreatic and liver resection in synchronous resectable liver metastases (12patients); and C, pancreatic resection in synchronous unresectable liver metastases (6patients)...
November 15, 2016: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861201/tissue-classification-using-optical-spectroscopy-accurately-differentiates-cancer-and-chronic-pancreatitis
#13
Robert H Wilson, Malavika Chandra, James M Scheiman, Seung Yup Lee, Oliver E Lee, Barbara J McKenna, Diane M Simeone, Jeremy M G Taylor, Mary-Ann Mycek
OBJECTIVES: Current pancreatic cancer diagnostics cannot reliably detect early disease or distinguish it from chronic pancreatitis. We test the hypothesis that optical spectroscopy can accurately differentiate cancer from chronic pancreatitis and normal pancreas. We developed and tested clinically compatible multimodal optical spectroscopy technology to measure reflectance and endogenous fluorescence from human pancreatic tissues. METHODS: Freshly excised pancreatic tissue specimens (39 normal, 34 chronic pancreatitis, 32 adenocarcinoma) from 18 patients were optically interrogated, with site-specific histopathology representing the criterion standard...
November 17, 2016: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855970/-take-the-volume-pledge-may-result-in-disparity-in-access-to-care
#14
Barbara A Blanco, Anai N Kothari, Robert H Blackwell, Sarah A Brownlee, Ryan M Yau, John P Attisha, Yoshiki Ezure, Sam Pappas, Paul C Kuo, Gerard J Abood
BACKGROUND: "Take the Volume Pledge" proposes restricting pancreatectomies to hospitals that perform ≥20 per year. Our purpose was to identify those factors that characterize patients at risk for loss of access to pancreatic cancer care with enforcement of volume standards. METHODS: Using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database from Florida, we identified patients who underwent pancreatectomy for pancreatic malignancy from 2007-2011...
November 14, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843428/a-rare-case-of-gastric-variceal-hemorrhage-secondary-to-infiltrative-b-cell-lymphoma
#15
Adrienne Lenhart, Juan Fernandez-Castillo, Keith Mullins, Reena Salgia
Portal hypertension commonly arises in the setting of advanced liver cirrhosis and is the consequence of increased resistance within the portal vasculature. Less commonly, left-sided noncirrhotic portal hypertension can develop in a patient secondary to isolated obstruction of the splenic vein. We present a rare case of left-sided portal hypertension and isolated gastric varices in a patient with large B-cell lymphoma, who was treated with splenic artery embolization. The patient is a 73-year-old male with no previous history of liver disease, who presented with coffee ground emesis and melena...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842589/the-course-of-diabetes-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-does-the-autoimmunity-status-matter
#16
Rasa Verkauskiene, Evalda Danyte, Rimante Dobrovolskiene, Ingrida Stankute, Diana Simoniene, Dovile Razanskaite-Virbickiene, Audrone Seibokaite, Brone Urbonaite, Nijole Jurgeviciene, Astra Vitkauskiene, Valerie Schwitzgebel, Dalia Marciulionyte
BACKGROUND: Initial classification of diabetes of young may require revision to improve diagnostic accuracy of different forms of diabetes. The aim of our study was to examine markers of beta-cell autoimmunity in a cohort of young (0-25 years) patients with type 1 diabetes and compare the presentation and course of the disease according to the presence of pancreatic antibodies. METHODS: Cross-sectional population-based study was performed covering 100% of pediatric (n = 860) and 70% of 18-25 years old adult patients (n = 349) with type 1 diabetes in Lithuania...
November 15, 2016: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836618/a-new-classification-method-for-maldi-imaging-mass-spectrometry-data-acquired-on-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-tissue-samples
#17
Tobias Boskamp, Delf Lachmund, Janina Oetjen, Yovany Cordero Hernandez, Dennis Trede, Peter Maass, Rita Casadonte, Jörg Kriegsmann, Arne Warth, Hendrik Dienemann, Wilko Weichert, Mark Kriegsmann
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS) shows a high potential for applications in histopathological diagnosis, and in particular for supporting tumor typing and subtyping. The development of such applications requires the extraction of spectral fingerprints that are relevant for the given tissue and the identification of biomarkers associated with these spectral patterns. We propose a novel data analysis method based on the extraction of characteristic spectral patterns (CSPs) that allow automated generation of classification models for spectral data...
November 9, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836330/evaluation-of-rosemont-criteria-for-non-calcific-chronic-pancreatitis-nccp-based-on-histopathology-a-retrospective-study
#18
Guru Trikudanathan, Satish Munigala, Usman Barlass, Ahmad Malli, Yusheng Han, Miroslav Sekulic, Melena Bellin, Srinath Chinnakotla, Ty Dunn, Timothy Pruett, Gregory Beilman, Jose-Vega Peralta, Mustafa Arain, Stuart Amateau, Shawn Mallery, Martin L Freeman, Rajeev Attam
BACKGROUND: Rosemont classification for chronic pancreatitis has not been evaluated specifically in non-calcific chronic pancreatitis (NCCP) patients and to this date, it has not been correlated with the gold standard namely histopathology. OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation of EUS Rosemont criteria for NCCP with histopathology from surgical specimens and evaluate the impact of age, sex, BMI, smoking and alcohol on Rosemont classification. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing TPIAT for NCCP between July 2009 and January 2013 were identified from our institutional database...
October 26, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826620/surgical-management-for-non-functional-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-with-synchronous-liver-metastasis-a-consensus-from-the-chinese-study-group-for-neuroendocrine-tumors-csnet
#19
Kaizhou Jin, Jin Xu, Jie Chen, Minhu Chen, Rufu Chen, Ye Chen, Zhiyu Chen, Bin Cheng, Yihebali Chi, Shi-Ting Feng, Deliang Fu, Baohua Hou, Dan Huang, Heguang Huang, Qiang Huang, Jie Li, Ying Li, Houjie Liang, Rong Lin, An'an Liu, Jixi Liu, Xubao Liu, Ming Lu, Jie Luo, Gang Mai, Quanxing Ni, Meng Qiu, Chenghao Shao, Baiyong Shen, Weiqi Sheng, Jian Sun, Chunlu Tan, Huangying Tan, Qiyun Tang, Yingmei Tang, Xiaodong Tian, Danian Tong, Xiaohong Wang, Jian Wang, Jie Wang, Wei Wang, Wei Wang, Yu Wang, Zheng Wu, Ling Xue, Qiang Yan, Ning Yang, Yinmo Yang, Zhiying Yang, Xiaoyi Yin, Chunhui Yuan, Shan Zeng, Renchao Zhang, Xianjun Yu
Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (p-NENs) are slowly growing tumors with frequent liver metastasis. There is a variety of approaches to treat non-functional p-NENs with synchronous liver metastasis (LM) which complicates the determination of optimal treatment. Based on updated literature review, we discussed the treatment strategy determinants for p-NEN with LM. According to the resectability of primary tumor, the WHO 2010 grade classification and the radiological type of liver metastasis, the CSNET group reached agreements on a number of issues, including the following...
November 2016: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825671/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-and-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#20
I Mikolasevic, L Orlic, G Poropat, I Jakopcic, D Stimac, A Klanac, F Carovic, S Milic
AIM: To explore the effect of nonalcoholic fatty liver as a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome on the severity of acute pancreatitis. We hypothesized that patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver would have a more severe form of acute pancreatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 822 patients hospitalized with acute pancreatitis. We diagnosed acute pancreatitis and determined its severity according the revised Atlanta classification criteria from 2012...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
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