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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822992/low-dose-bisphenol-a-increases-bile-duct-proliferation-in-juvenile-rats-a-possible-evidence-for-risk-of-liver-cancer-in-the-exposed-population
#1
Ji Seong Jeong, Ki Taek Nam, Buhyun Lee, Aryo Dimas Pamungkas, Daeun Song, Minjeong Kim, Wook-Joon Yu, Jinsoo Lee, Sunha Jee, Youngja H Park, Kyung-Min Lim
Increasing concern is being given to the association between risk of cancer and exposure to low-dose bisphenol A (BPA), especially in young-aged population. In this study, we investigated the effects of repeated oral treatment of low to high dose BPA in juvenile Sprague-Dawley rats. Exposing juvenile rats to BPA (0, 0.5, 5, 50, and 250 mg/kg oral gavage) from post-natal day 9 for 90 days resulted in higher food intakes and increased body weights in biphasic dose-effect relationship. Male mammary glands were atrophied at high dose, which coincided with sexual pre-maturation of females...
August 21, 2017: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822773/methodology-design-of-the-regional-sub-saharan-africa-total-diet-study-in-benin-cameroon-mali-and-nigeria
#2
Luc Ingenbleek, Eric Jazet, Anaclet D Dzossa, Samson B Adebayo, Julius Ogungbangbe, Sylvestre Dansou, Zima J Diallo, Christiant Kouebou, Abimbola Adegboye, Epiphane Hossou, Salimata Coulibaly, Sara Eyangoh, Bruno Le Bizec, Philippe Verger, Jean Kamanzi, Caroline Merten, Jean-Charles Leblanc
The core food model was described more than three decades ago, and has been used ever since to identify main food contributors to dietary intakes for both nutrients and other food chemicals. The Sub-Saharan Africa Total Diet Study (SSA-TDS) uses this model to describe the food consumption habits of some selected populations of Benin, Cameroon, Mali, and Nigeria, prior to use in the completion of quantitative risk assessments with regard to food chemicals. Food consumption data were derived from food expenditure data contained in national household budget surveys that were provided by the national institutes of statistics in each country...
August 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822441/-clinical-characteristics-of-bronchopulmonary-foregut-malformation
#3
J Liu, J Yin, X Y Liu, Y H Hu, X L Ma, R Zhang, Q Zeng, B P Xu, K L Shen
Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of bronchopulmonary foregut malformation(BPFM). Method: The clinical manifestations, imaging findings and treatment of 8 patients with BPFM were analyzed retrospectively from January 2006 to May 2016 in Beijing Children's Hospital. Result: The age of children varied from 2 months to 7 years and 3 children were male while 5 female. Symptoms showed cough in 6 cases, fever in 4 cases, bucking when intaking of fluids or foods in 3 cases, tachypnea in 1 case, wheezing in 1 case, vomiting in 1 case, haematemesis in 1 case Pulmonary signs were decreased breath sounds in 4 cases, phlegm rale in 3 cases, shortness of breath in 2 cases, wheeze in 1 case, and retraction in 1 case...
August 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822065/the-inflammatory-potential-of-dietary-manganese-in-a-cohort-of-elderly-men
#4
Jacob K Kresovich, Catherine M Bulka, Brian T Joyce, Pantel S Vokonas, Joel Schwartz, Andrea A Baccarelli, Elizabeth A Hibler, Lifang Hou
Manganese is an essential nutrient that may play a role in the production of inflammatory biomarkers. We examined associations between estimated dietary manganese intake from food/beverages and supplements with circulating biomarkers of inflammation. We further explored whether estimated dietary manganese intake affects DNA methylation of selected genes involved in the production of these biomarkers. We analyzed 1023 repeated measures of estimated dietary manganese intakes and circulating blood inflammatory biomarkers from 633 participants in the Normative Aging Study...
August 18, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821663/agrp-neurons-can-increase-food-intake-during-conditions-of-appetite-suppression-and-inhibit-anorexigenic-parabrachial-neurons
#5
Rachel A Essner, Alison G Smith, Adam A Jamnik, Anna R Ryba, Zoe D Trutner, Matthew E Carter
To maintain energy homeostasis, orexigenic (appetite-inducing) and anorexigenic (appetite suppressing) brain systems functionally interact to regulate food intake. Within the hypothalamus, neurons that express agouti-related protein (AgRP) sense orexigenic factors and orchestrate an increase in food-seeking behavior. In contrast, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-expressing neurons in the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) suppress feeding. PBN CGRP neurons become active in response to anorexigenic hormones released following a meal, including amylin, secreted by the pancreas, and cholecystokinin (CCK), secreted by the small intestine...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821446/diet-induced-obesity-alters-memory-consolidation-in-female-rats
#6
P Zanini, B D Arbo, G Niches, D Czarnabay, F Benetti, M F Ribeiro, A L Cecconello
Obesity is a multifactorial disease characterized by the abnormal or excessive fat accumulation, which is caused by an energy imbalance between consumed and expended calories. Obesity leads to an inflammatory response that may result in peripheral and central metabolic changes, including insulin and leptin resistance. Insulin and leptin resistance have been associated with metabolic and cognitive dysfunctions. Obesity and some neurodegenerative diseases that lead to dementia affect mainly women. However, the effects of diet-induced obesity on memory consolidation in female rats are poorly understood...
August 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821418/the-associations-between-carbohydrate-and-protein-intakes-with-habitual-sleep-duration-among-adults-living-in-urban-and-rural-areas
#7
Xin Liu, Di Wu, Xin Qi, Yulin Niu, Wenyuan Li, Yichen Lu, Jie Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Macronutrient intake was associated with habitual sleep duration, a recognized metabolic risk factor. However, results are not clear for populations with large diversities in dietary habits and urbanization levels. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the associations between relative macronutrient intakes and sleep duration, and the potential modification effect of urban-rural residence among adult Chinese population. METHODS: We analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009...
August 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821321/educational-level-and-family-structure-influence-the-dietary-changes-after-the-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes-evidence-from-the-e3n-study
#8
Francesca Romana Mancini, Aurelie Affret, Courtney Dow, Beverley Balkau, Hélène Bihan, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Fabrice Bonnet, Guy Fagherazzi
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has no cure but can be controlled by medication, diet, and lifestyle changes. It has been suggested that diabetes dietary self-management is more difficult for people with socioeconomic difficulties. The objective of our study was to test the hypothesis that socioeconomic factors impact the change of diet after T2D diagnosis. The 57 304 French women included in the present study answered food frequency questionnaires in 1993 and 2005 and questionnaires on socioeconomic factors, and were free from T2D in 1993...
August 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821320/reduced-neural-responses-to-food-cues-might-contribute-to-the-anorexigenic-effect-of-acute-exercise-observed-in-obese-but-not-lean-adolescents
#9
S N Fearnbach, L Silvert, B Pereira, Y Boirie, M Duclos, K L Keller, D Thivel
Acute exercise has been found to reduce subsequent energy intake in obese adolescents. Although it has been suggested that some neural pathways are involved in this post-exercise energy intake regulation, it remains unknown whether the post-exercise attentional response to food cues differs as a function of weight status. We hypothesize that there will be a reduction in the neural response to food cues as a result of exercise in obese adolescents, but not in their lean counterparts. Fourteen obese and 14 lean adolescent boys (12-15 years) were randomized (within-subjects design) to remain seated (CON) or to exercise 45 minutes at 65% of their maximal capacities (EX)...
August 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821314/intraventricular-administration-of-tenebrio-molitor-larvae-extract-regulates-food-intake-and-body-weight-in-mice-with-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#10
Minchul Seo, Jongwan Kim, Seong-Su Moon, Jae-Sam Hwang, Mi-Ae Kim
We recently reported the in vitro and in vivo antiobesity effects of Tenebrio molitor larvae, a traditional food in many countries, but it remains unknown how the larvae affect appetite regulation in mice with diet-induced obesity. We hypothesized that the extract of T molitor larvae mediates appetite by regulating neuropeptide expression. We investigated T molitor larvae extract's (TME's) effects on anorexigenesis and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced orexigenic neuropeptide expression in the hypothalami of obese mice...
August 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821239/association-between-sarcopenia-with-lifestyle-and-family-function-among-community-dwelling-chinese-aged-60%C3%A2-years-and-older
#11
Shan Hai, Hui Wang, Li Cao, Ping Liu, Jianghua Zhou, Ying Yang, Birong Dong
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is defined as the age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function. The risk factors and causes of sarcopenia must be identified to develop prevention and treatment strategies for this syndrome. Our aim was to examine the association between sarcopenia with lifestyle and family function among community-dwelling Chinese people aged 60 years and older. METHODS: We conducted this study to evaluate sarcopenia among 834 community-dwelling Chinese individuals aged ≥60 years using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) criteria...
August 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820445/choline-intake-and-its-food-sources-in-the-diet-of-romanian-kindergarten-children
#12
Cristian Reinhard Prelicz, Lucia Maria Lotrean
The objective of this study is to assess the usual intake and food sources of choline in a group of Romanian kindergarten children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 71 children aged 4-6 years from four kindergartens from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Dietary intake data were collected by means of three-day food records. The mean (SD) daily intake of choline was 215 (32) mg/day, 22.5% of the participants fulfilling the adequate intake (AI) for children 4-6 years of age of 250 mg of choline per day. The main food sources were meat (mainly poultry), eggs, grains, cereals, and baked products (mainly bread), and dairy products (mainly milk)...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820391/deep-brain-stimulation-alters-light-phase-food-intake-microstructure-in-rats
#13
P Prinz, P Kobelt, S Scharner, M Goebel-Stengel, D Harnack, K Faust, Y Winter, M Rose, A Stengel
Treatment of eating disorders like obesity or anorexia is challenging. Options are limited and new approaches desired. An interesting approach is the application of deep brain stimulation (DBS). The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) is part of the food reward system. A pilot study reported that DBS of the NAcc shell modulates food intake and body weight in rats. Underlying mechanisms such as the food intake microstructure are unknown so far. Normal weight female Sprague-Dawley rats were equipped with a custom-made DBS electrode placed unilaterally in the NAcc shell...
June 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819090/management-of-spontaneous-intracerebral-hematoma
#14
Motohiro Morioka, Kimihiko Orito
The incidence of spontaneous intracerebral hematoma (SICH) is even now high worldwide, especially higher in Japan than in Western countries, despite the development of advances in blood pressure (BP) management and food/alcohol intake education. Although mortality and morbidity for SICH are high, some controversies remain regarding the appropriate acute phase of treatment. Recent studies have revealed that BP lowering treatment than 140 mmHg resulted in better outcomes. However the efficacy of surgical treatment for SICH has not been well established, with the exception of that for cerebellar SICH over 3 cm in diameter and life-saving procedures, although many randomized control studies and systematic reviews focused on surgical treatment have been reported...
August 15, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818842/what-s-new-in-paediatric-hypertension
#15
REVIEW
Rowena Lalji, Kjell Tullus
Paediatric hypertension predisposes to hypertension and cardiovascular disease in adult life. Despite clear guidelines, there remains a lack of screening. Diagnosis remains challenging given the high rate of false-positive high blood pressure (BP) readings at a single visit; thus, multiple visits are required to confirm the diagnosis. Depending on the normative data sets used, hypertension in overweight and obese children can be underestimated by up to 20%. Specific BP targets are required for subgroups such as adolescents, children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and type 1 diabetes...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818815/mercury-concentrations-in-china-s-coastal-waters-and-implications-for-fish-consumption-by-vulnerable-populations
#16
Yindong Tong, Mengzhu Wang, Xiaoge Bu, Xin Guo, Yan Lin, Huiming Lin, Jing Li, Wei Zhang, Xuejun Wang
We assessed mercury (Hg) pollution in China's coastal waters, including the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea and the South China Sea, based on a nationwide dataset from 301 sampling sites. A methylmercury (MeHg) intake model for humans based on the marine food chain and human fish consumption was established to determine the linkage between water pollutants and the pollutant intake by humans. The predicted MeHg concentration in fish from the Bohai Sea was the highest among the four seas included in the study...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818558/current-and-emerging-pharmacotherapies-for-obesity-in-australia
#17
REVIEW
Samantha Hocking, Anthony Dear, Michael A Cowley
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major issue in Australia and globally. Many individuals struggle to maintain weight loss with lifestyle modification, and adjunctive pharmacotherapy may help. Historically, there have been limited pharmacotherapies for managing obesity. In addition, previous treatments such as phentermine-fenfluramine, rimonabant and sibutramine were withdrawn due to safety issues, resulting in lingering safety concerns. METHODS: This is a narrative review of published data examining four new pharmacotherapy options for weight management in Australia...
August 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818552/spatial-temporal-and-health-associations-of-eating-alone-a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-young-adults-in-urban-australia-and-japan
#18
Wakako Takeda, Melissa K Melby
Eating alone is driven by social and cultural factors, not solely by individual preferences. In academic research, eating alone is often simply treated as an alternative to social, commensal eating, and little is known about the practice of eating alone itself. This study employs a cross-cultural analysis to explore social and cultural associations of eating alone. The analysis is based on 1) cultural domain data, derived from principal component analysis of freelist responses, a set of words or phrases related to the topic of eating alone; and 2) in-depth interviews with 72 young adults aged 20-40 in urban Australia and Japan...
August 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818414/utilization-of-away-from-home-food-establishments-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dietary-pattern-and-obesity
#19
Tarra L Penney, Nicholas R V Jones, Jean Adams, Eva R Maguire, Thomas Burgoine, Pablo Monsivais
INTRODUCTION: Eating meals away from home has been associated with the consumption of unhealthy foods and increased body weight. However, more rigorous assessment of the contribution of different types of away-from-home food establishments to overall diet quality and obesity is minimal. This study examined usage of these food establishments, accordance to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern and obesity status in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United Kingdom...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818089/frequency-of-eating-home-cooked-meals-and-potential-benefits-for-diet-and-health-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Susanna Mills, Heather Brown, Wendy Wrieden, Martin White, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Reported associations between preparing and eating home cooked food, and both diet and health, are inconsistent. Most previous research has focused on preparing, rather than eating, home cooked food; used small, non-population based samples; and studied markers of nutrient intake, rather than overall diet quality or health. We aimed to assess whether frequency of consuming home cooked meals was cross-sectionally associated with diet quality and cardio-metabolic health. METHODS: We used baseline data from a United Kingdom population-based cohort study of adults aged 29 to 64 years (n = 11,396)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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