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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913232/genotoxic-alkenylbenzene-flavourings-a-contribution-to-risk-assessment
#1
Célia Martins, José Rueff, António S Rodrigues
Alkenylbenzenes, such as estragole, myristicin and eugenol, are present is several flavourings, functional foods, plant food supplements (PFS) and in complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) including herbal medicines. The increase in consumption in functional foods observed worldwide requires a strict analysis of the scientific validity of their benefits and risk-benefit ratio associated with their intake. Some instances of acute toxicity have been reported associated with the use of herbal medicines and PFS, in particular because quality control is poor, and this poses a risk especially in internet marketed products...
June 15, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913228/effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-cigarettes-on-anthropometrics-energy-intake-energy-expenditure-and-screen-time-in-children
#2
Jameason D Cameron, Éric Doucet, Kristi B Adamo, Mark Walker, Alessandro Tirelli, Joel D Barnes, Kaamel Hafizi, Marisa Murray, Gary S Goldfield
BACKGROUND: Maternal prenatal smoking is associated with downstream childhood obesity. Although animal research suggests reduced resting energy expenditure (REE), decreased physical activity (PA), and increased energy intake as mechanisms, these relationships are unclear in humans. The objectives were to examine the association of prenatal maternal smoking with non-volitional energy expenditure (REE and the thermic effect of feeding [TEF]), child adiposity, energy intake, free-living PA (daily light PA (LPA), daily moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), daily sedentary behavior (SB)), and screen time (television and computer/video game) in children...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913226/evaluating-anhedonia-in-the-activity-based-anorexia-aba-rat-model
#3
Laura K Milton, Brian J Oldfield, Claire J Foldi
Patients suffering anorexia nervosa (AN) become anhedonic, in other words, unable or unwilling to derive normal pleasures and avoid rewarding outcomes, most profoundly in food intake. The neurobiological underpinnings of anhedonia are likely to involve mesolimbic reward circuitry. We propose here that this circuitry and its involvement in AN can be investigated using the activity-based anorexia (ABA) rodent model that recapitulates many of the characteristics of the human condition, most notably rapid weight loss...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912762/oral-and-otorhinolaryngological-findings-in-adults-who-were-diagnosed-with-pediatric-onset-crohn-s-disease-a-controlled-study
#4
Anu Haaramo, Heikki Alapulli, Liisa Aine, Jetta Tuokkola, Ulla Saarnisto, Risto P Roine, Anne Pitkäranta, Kaija-Leena Kolho
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of pediatric patients with Crohn's disease (CD) report oral manifestations, but less is known about their oral health when they become adults. GOALS: Our aim was to provide detailed descriptions of the presence of oral and otorhinolaryngological manifestations in patients with pediatric onset CD once they reached adulthood, to look for predisposing factors and to compare the findings to matched controls. STUDY: Adult patients diagnosed with CD in childhood at the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland, after 2000 were invited for a follow-up appointment in 2016 and 24 were examined by a dentist and otorhinolaryngologist...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912642/investigation-of-the-potential-for-a-simplified-exposure-tool-in-medical-nutrition-setim-to-minimise-exposures-to-sweeteners-in-young-patients-aged-1-3-years-with-pku-and-cmpa
#5
Aaron J O'Sullivan, Cian O'Mahony, Leo Meunier, Nik Loveridge, Aideen I McKevitt
Children with Phenylketonuria (PKU) and severe cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) consume prescribed, specially formulated, foods for special medical purposes (FSMPs) in addition to having restricted intake of normal foods. These vulnerable patients are exposed to artificial sweeteners from the consumption of a combination of both free and prescribed foods. Young patients with PKU and CMPA aged from 1-3 years have a higher risk of exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for sweeteners than age-matched healthy children...
June 18, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911513/prevalence-and-risk-factor-analysis-of-iron-deficiency-and-iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-female-adolescents-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#6
Marwan O Jalambo, Norimah A Karim, Ihab A Naser, Razinah Sharif
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of anaemia, iron deficiency (ID) and iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among female adolescents in the Gaza Strip, Palestine, as well as the risk factors involved in these conditions. DESIGN: The study was conducted using the quantitative descriptive method with a cross-sectional design. Data were collected using an FFQ and sociodemographic, sedentary behaviour and physical activity questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements and blood analyses were also conducted...
June 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910998/plant-based-diets-reducing-cardiovascular-risk-by-improving-sleep-quality
#7
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Allison Crawford, Brooke Aggarwal
Purpose of review: The goal of this review is to evaluate recent research related to the effects of plant-based diets on sleep patterns. We discuss plausible mechanisms for the link between plant-based diets and sleep, and provide suggestions for future research in this area. Recent findings: Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality have been shown to negatively affect individual dietary habits, through enhanced appetite, increased overall caloric intake, as well as lower diet quality...
March 2018: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910737/autophagy-associated-shrinkage-of-the-hepatopancreas-in-fasting-male-macrobrachium-rosenbergii-is-rescued-by-neuropeptide-f
#8
Sirorat Thongrod, Chaitip Wanichanon, Wilairat Kankuan, Tanapan Siangcham, Suratchanee Phadngam, Federica Morani, Ciro Isidoro, Prasert Sobhon
Invertebrate neuropeptide F-I (NPF-I), much alike its mammalian homolog neuropeptide Y, influences several physiological processes, including circadian rhythms, cortical excitability, stress response, and food intake behavior. Given the role of autophagy in the metabolic stress response, we investigated the effect of NPF-1 on autophagy during fasting and feeding conditions in the hepatopancreas and muscle tissues of the male giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii . Starvation up-regulated the expression of the autophagy marker LC3 in both tissues...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910420/do-image-assisted-mobile-applications-improve-dietary-habits-knowledge-and-behaviours-in-elite-athletes-a-pilot-study
#9
Anne Simpson, Luke Gemming, Dane Baker, Andrea Braakhuis
To date, there has been a paucity of research on optimal ways to educate and promote dietary behavioural change within athletes. Optimising athlete nutrition is fundamental to reaching peak performance and maintaining athlete wellbeing. MealLogger® is a smartphone application that incorporates the use of an image-based food record and social-media functionality to provide in-application personalised feedback to individuals or groups, peer-support, and a platform to deliver nutrition education material. This study measured the feasibility of MealLogger® within New Zealand elite male field hockey players (n = 17) aged 18⁻20 to increase athlete knowledge and nutrition promoting behaviours...
August 11, 2017: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910405/energy-expenditure-availability-and-dietary-intake-assessment-in-competitive-female-dragon-boat-athletes
#10
Jun Liang Ong, Iain A Brownlee
Dragon boat racing requires high physical activity levels during competition and training. The female athletic triad refers to a number of negative health consequences (e.g., amenorrhoea, low bone mineral density, and low energy availability) that may result from high physical activity in female athletes in parallel with inadequate dietary intake. This study aimed to estimate energy expenditure and dietary adequacy in female competitive dragon boat athletes. Following ethical approval, energy expenditure was assessed by use of SensewearTM armbands (which measure movement as well as galvanic heat loss) on nine dragon boat athletes preparing for the Southeast Asian Games 2013...
June 21, 2017: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909965/the-association-of-potato-intake-with-risk-for-incident-type-2-diabetes-in-adults
#11
Hossein Farhadnejad, Farshad Teymoori, Golaleh Asghari, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies indicate that the risk for diabetes associated with high consumption of potato differs in various populations. We aimed to investigate the associations between total, boiled and fried potato intake and the risk for incident diabetes in Tehranian adults. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted in 1,981 adults, aged 19 to 70 years, who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study and were followed up for 6 years. Usual dietary potato intakes were assessed using a valid and reliable food-frequency questionnaire...
February 26, 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909315/effects-of-bisphenol-s-on-hypothalamic-neuropeptides-regulating-feeding-behavior-and-apelin-apj-system-in-mice
#12
Raja Rezg, Anne Abot, Bessem Mornagui, Samir Aydi, Claude Knauf
Since 2010, Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disruptor has been restricted and replaced by analogues like Bisphenol S (BPS). However, little is known about BPS effects and growing concern have suspected the "BPA-free" Label. Several recent studies suggest that BPS is associated with increased risk of diabetes and obesity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unidentified. The current study investigates investigate BPS effects on hypothalamic neuropeptides regulating feeding behavior, either orexigenic or anorexigenic in Swiss Albino mice...
June 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909282/impact-of-blade-tenderization-marinade-and-cooking-temperature-on-oral-comfort-when-eating-meat-in-an-elderly-population
#13
Mathilde Vandenberghe-Descamps, Claire Sulmont-Rossé, Chantal Septier, Claire Follot, Gilles Feron, Hélène Labouré
Several studies demonstrated that oral health impairment, such as tooth loss or a decrease in salivary flow might lead elderly people to reduce their meat intake. The present study assessed the impact of culinary processes liable to improve meat texture and smooth down meat oral processing, in order to fulfil the oral capacities of elderly people. Four culinary processes were selected: cooking bag, blade tenderizer, marinade and low-temperature cooking. A panel of 40 elderly participants with good and poor dental status were asked to assess 5 chicken breast samples, 5 roast beef samples and 4 beefsteak samples prepared according to different process conditions by using an "oral comfort" questionnaire...
June 5, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909240/tissue-specific-expression-and-circulating-concentrations-of-nesfatin-1-in-domestic-animals
#14
K A Morton, L Hargreaves, S Mortazavi, L P Weber, A M Blanco, S Unniappan
Nesfatin-1 is a naturally occurring 82-amino acid protein encoded in the precursor nucleobindin-2 (NUCB2) and has been implicated in multiple physiological functions, including food intake and blood glucose regulation. This study aimed to characterize nesfatin-1 in domestic species, especially cats (Felis catus), dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), and pigs (Sus scrofa). Our in silico analysis demonstrated that the NUCB2/nesfatin-1 amino acid sequence, especially the bioactive core region of the peptide, is very highly conserved (more than 90% identity) in domestic animals...
May 9, 2018: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908992/accidental-food-allergy-reactions-products-and-undeclared-ingredients
#15
W Marty Blom, Anouska D Michelsen-Huisman, Harmieke van Os-Medendorp, Gert van Duijn, Mary-Lène de Zeeuw-Brouwer, Astrid Versluis, Jacqueline J M Castenmiller, Hubert P J M Noteborn, Astrid G Kruizinga, André C Knulst, Geert F Houben
BACKGROUND: Accidental allergic reactions to food are frequent, can be severe and even fatal. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the culprit food products and levels of unexpected allergens in accidental reactions. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in adults (n=157) with a physician-confirmed diagnosed food allergy. During a 1-year follow up, 73 patients reported accidental allergic reactions and the culprit food products. Food samples received (51) were analyzed for a wide range of suspected non-ingredient allergens and the risk was quantified...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908689/early-postoperative-undernutrition-following-aortic-valve-replacement-surgery
#16
Agnès Sallé, Emilie Dalmayrac, Christophe Baufreton
BACKGROUND: Experiencing loss of appetite after cardiac surgery is often noted during daily care and has been described by several studies. However, no information is available on either energy needs or spontaneous food intake following aortic valve replacement surgery. The goal of this study was to assess the risk of early postoperative undernutrition following aortic valve replacement in a group of patients who were preoperatively well-nourished. METHODS: Anthropometrics data (body mass index, fat free mass index, albuminemia and prealbuminemia, extracellular water), energy balance and appetite were assessed in a cross-over prospective observational study...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908685/bedside-menu-ordering-system-increases-energy-and-protein-intake-while-decreasing-plate-waste-and-food-costs-in-hospital-patients
#17
Sally McCray, Kirsty Maunder, Rebecca Norris, Jessica Moir, Kristen MacKenzie-Shalders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907842/reward-representing-d1-type-neurons-in-the-medial-shell-of-the-accumbens-nucleus-regulate-palatable-food-intake
#18
Máté Durst, Katalin Könczöl, Tamás Balázsa, Mark D Eyre, Zsuzsanna E Tóth
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dysfunction in reward-related aspects of feeding, and consequent overeating in humans, is a major contributor to obesity. Intrauterine undernutrition and overnutrition are among the predisposing factors, but the exact mechanism of how overeating develops is still unclear. Consummatory behavior is regulated by the medial shell (mSh) of the accumbens nucleus (Nac) through direct connections with the rostral part of the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA). Our aim was to investigate whether an altered Nac-LHA circuit may underlie hyperphagic behavior...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907555/electronic-12-hour-dietary-recall-e-12hr-comparison-of-a-mobile-phone-app-for-dietary-intake-assessment-with-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-and-four-dietary-records
#19
Luis María Béjar, Óscar Adrián Reyes, María Dolores García-Perea
BACKGROUND: One of the greatest challenges in nutritional epidemiology is improving upon traditional self-reporting methods for the assessment of habitual dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative validity of a new method known as the current-day dietary recall (or current-day recall), based on a smartphone app called 12-hour dietary recall, for determining the habitual intake of a series of key food and drink groups using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and four dietary records as reference methods...
June 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907354/skin-temperature-response-to-a-liquid-meal-intake-is-different-in-men-than-in-women
#20
Borja Martinez-Tellez, Lourdes Ortiz-Alvarez, Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Huiwen Xu, Francisco M Acosta, Elisa Merchan-Ramirez, Victoria Muñoz-Hernandez, Wendy D Martinez-Avila, Miguel A Contreras-Gomez, Angel Gil, Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R Ruiz
BACKGROUND & AIM: The thermic effect of food (TEF) refers to the increase of the metabolic rate and body temperature in response to a single meal. To date, most of the studies have focused to determine the TEF in terms of energy expenditure, but little is known about which is the response in terms of skin temperature. The aim of this study was to analyze whether the thermic effect of food (TEF) on the skin temperature with a standardized and individualized liquid meal test is different in young adult men than in young adult women...
June 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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