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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819436/-missionary-medicine-of-canadian-presbytery-and-korean-doctors-under-japanese-occupation-focusing-sung-jin-and-ham-heung
#1
Yun-Jung Heo, Young-Soo Cho
In East Asia during the second half of the 19th century, overseas mission work by Protestant churches thrived. Missionaries built schools and hospitals and effectively used them for evangelism. In the 20th century when Social Gospel Movement was expanding, medical work has been recognized as a significant mission service in and by itself. This article reviewed the construction and characteristics of missions work conducted by Canadian Presbytery; missionary doctors and Korean doctors who worked at the mission hospitals; why the missionary medical work had to stop; and career paths taken by Korean doctors upon liberation from Japanese occupation...
December 2015: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26255388/-the-paraphrasis-of-vesalius-in-the-context-of-latin-translations-of-rhazes
#2
Maurits Biesbrouck, Omer Steeno, Jacqueline Vons
In the 16th century, most students initiated their studies at the Faculty of Arts (or Liberal Arts), where the syllabus was not like one of today academic studies, rather, it was closer to a grammar school program of studies. This gave the students access to one of the three other Faculties: Theology, Law (civil and canonic) and Medicine. At Louvain University, the students could choose between four pedagogic programs, called 'Porc' [Porcus], 'Lily' [Lilium], 'Falcon' [Falco] and 'Castle' [Castrum]. The most appreciated topics were Philosophy, Logics, Physics, Metaphysics and Ethics...
December 2012: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25893474/the-decent-care-movement-subsidiarity-pragmatic-solidarity-and-cross-cultural-resonance
#3
Joshua D Niforatos
Decent Care is the World Health Organization and The Ford Foundation's joint effort to articulate a healthcare paradigm that makes a patient's voice equal to the voice of the healthcare provider. In this article, the six tenants of Decent Care are outlined with particular emphasis on subsidiarity. Liberation theology's preferential option for the poor maxim is presented and compared with other major world religions to demonstrate the cross-cultural focus of "decency." The power of this paradigm is in its emphasis and proclamation of human flourishing in a healthcare setting, generally speaking, and more specifically, human flourishing in the presence of affliction from chronic disease or dying cross-culturally...
February 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25516951/doing-good-medical-ethics-a-christian-perspective
#4
John Saunders
Despite the rise of the secular state, religion remains a significant force in society. Within Christianity this encompasses a wide variety of beliefs. These range from simple assertions of theism in a cultural context to complex theologies; from liberal emphases on uncertainty and exploration to dogmatic views of divine revelation. How one 'does' good medical ethics depends on these perspectives. Contingently, the Christian contribution to medical ethics has been huge and constructive. Central to that contribution is a core belief in the intrinsic value of human life, respect for which we are accountable to God...
January 2015: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24988759/kepler-s-theory-of-force-and-his-medical-sources
#5
Jonathan Regier
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) makes extensive use of souls and spiritus in his natural philosophy. Recent studies have highlighted their importance in his accounts of celestial generation and astrology. In this study, I would like to address two pressing issues. The first is Kepler's context. The biological side of his natural philosophy is not naively Aristotelian. Instead, he is up to date with contemporary discussions in medically flavored natural philosophy. I will examine his relationship to Melanchthon's anatomical-theological Liber de anima (1552) and to Jean Femel's very popular Physiologia (1567), two Galenic sources with a noticeable impact on how he understands the functions of life...
2014: Early Science and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24285268/joseph-priestley-oxygen-and-the-enlightenment
#6
John B West
Joseph Priestley (1733–1804) was the first person to report the discovery of oxygen and describe some of its extraordinary properties. As such he merits a special place in the history of respiratory physiology. In addition his descriptions in elegant 18th-century English were particularly arresting, and rereading them never fails to give a special pleasure. The gas was actually first prepared by Scheele (1742–1786) but his report was delayed. Lavoisier (1743–1794) repeated Priestley's initial experiment and went on to describe the true nature of oxygen that had eluded Priestley, who never abandoned the erroneous phlogiston theory...
January 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22452153/richard-clarke-cabot-m-d-a-unitarian-critique
#7
Ward A Knights
This article is written to correct a historical impression about Richard C. Cabot, one of the founders of Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE). Contrary to the popular understanding that he was a typical Unitarian, the author posits that even though Cabot may have been a typical liberal, in his theology, he was an atypical Unitarian. This article places Cabot in his family and historical contexts, his involvement in CPE, and comments on his theology, noting how this differed from the prevailing Unitarian theology of his day...
October 2011: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22269050/taking-up-the-cudgels-against-gay-rights-trends-and-trajectories-in-african-christian-theologies-on-homosexuality
#8
Adriaan S van Klinken, Masiiwa Ragies Gunda
Against the background of the HIV epidemic and the intense public controversy on homosexuality in African societies, this article investigates the discourses of academic African Christian theologians on homosexuality. Distinguishing some major strands in African theology, that is, inculturation, liberation, women's and reconstruction theology, the article examines how the central concepts of culture, liberation, justice, and human rights function in these discourses. On the basis of a qualitative analysis of a large number of publications, the article shows that stances of African theologians are varying from silence and rejection to acceptance...
2012: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22125963/study-of-tolnaftate-release-from-fatty-acids-containing-ointment-and-penetration-into-human-skin-ex-vivo
#9
Toma Kezutyte, Tomas Drevinskas, Audrius Maruska, Rytis Rimdeika, Vitalis Briedis
Five fatty acids (oleic, linoleic, myristic, lauric and capric) were incorporated in 10% (w/w) into ointment formulation and their influence on lipophilic model drug tolnaftate release in vitro and enhancing effect on tolnaftate penetration into epidermis and dermis of human skin ex vivo were investigated. The prepared ointments were tested for homogeneity, pH and theological properties. In vitro release studies and ex vivo skin penetration experiments were carried out using Hanson and Bronaugh-type flow-through diffusion cells, respectively...
November 2011: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21781211/how-has-liberation-theology-influenced-my-practice
#10
Zenobia C Y Chan
In this paper, I would like to share with readers some concepts from liberation theology in relation to Christian nursing. First, I present liberation theology to explore its concepts and how they can shed light on Christian nursing. I introduce liberation theology and discuss the three concepts of relevance to Christian nursing: emancipatory knowing, contextual mindedness and socioeconomic inequality. Two case studies will be described to revisit the importance of building a rapport, learning the patient's story in a humble and respectful way, and addressing the social inequality and heath disparity of which we should be aware in a patient-nurse encounter...
August 2011: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21335574/conscientious-refusals-to-refer-findings-from-a-national-physician-survey
#11
Michael P Combs, Ryan M Antiel, Jon C Tilburt, Paul S Mueller, Farr A Curlin
BACKGROUND: Regarding controversial medical services, many have argued that if physicians cannot in good conscience provide a legal medical intervention for which a patient is a candidate, they should refer the requesting patient to an accommodating provider. This study examines what US physicians think a doctor is obligated to do when the doctor thinks it would be immoral to provide a referral. METHOD: The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 2000 US physicians from all specialties...
July 2011: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21135025/contradictions-from-the-enlightenment-roots-of-transhumanism
#12
James Hughes
Transhumanism, the belief that technology can transcend the limitations of the human body and brain, is part of the family of Enlightenment philosophies. As such, transhumanism has also inherited the internal tensions and contradictions of the broad Enlightenment tradition. First, the project of Reason is self-erosive and requires irrational validation. Second, although most transhumanists are atheist, their belief in the transcendent power of intelligence generates new theologies. Third, although most transhumanists are liberal democrats, their belief in human perfectibility and governance by reason can validate technocratic authoritarianism...
December 2010: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20827852/militarized-humanitarianism-meets-carceral-feminism-the-politics-of-sex-rights-and-freedom-in-contemporary-antitrafficking-campaigns
#13
Elizabeth Bernstein
Over the past decade, abolitionist feminist and evangelical Christian activists have directed increasing attention toward the “traffic in women” as a dangerous manifestation of global gender inequalities. Despite renowned disagreements around the politics of sex and gender, these groups have come together to advocate for harsher penalties against traffickers, prostitutes’ customers, and nations deemed to be taking insufficient steps to stem the flow of trafficked women. In this essay, I argue that what has served to unite this coalition of "strange bedfellows" is not simply an underlying commitment to conservative ideals of sexuality, as previous commentators have offered, but an equally significant commitment to carceral paradigms of justice and to militarized humanitarianism as the preeminent mode of engagement by the state...
2010: Signs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20506692/what-more-in-the-name-of-god-theologies-and-theodicies-of-faith-healing
#14
Courtney S Campbell
The recent deaths of two children from parental decisions to rely on faith healing rather than medical treatment raises fundamental questions about the extent and limits of religious liberty in a liberal democratic society. This essay seeks to identify and critically examine three central issues internal to the ethics of religious communities that engage in faith healing regarding children: (1) the various forms of religious and nonreligious justification for faith healing; (2) the moral, institutional, or metaphysical wrong of medical practice from the perspectives of faith-healing communities; (3) the explanation or "theodicy" articulated by the religious community when faith healing does not occur and a child dies...
March 2010: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19928639/-liber-de-similitudinibus-et-exemplis-ms-berne-293-fols-1r-75v
#15
L Thorndike
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1957: Speculum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19698118/the-three-main-monotheistic-religions-and-gm-food-technology-an-overview-of-perspectives
#16
Emmanuel B Omobowale, Peter A Singer, Abdallah S Daar
BACKGROUND: Public acceptance of genetically modified crops is partly rooted in religious views. However, the views of different religions and their potential influence on consumers' decisions have not been systematically examined and summarized in a brief overview. We review the positions of the Judaism, Islam and Christianity - the three major monotheistic religions to which more than 55% of humanity adheres to - on the controversies aroused by GM technology. DISCUSSION: The article establishes that there is no overarching consensus within the three religions...
2009: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18677079/personal-review-and-justice-analysis-of-nursing-experiences-in-haiti
#17
Helen Emmott
Health care providers frequently struggle to develop wise applications of theoretical knowledge. As a nurse studying traditional approaches in ethics while simultaneously volunteering in Haiti, I wrestled with the notion of justice in the midst of radical material inequities. Paul Farmer, physician and anthropologist, provides an analytic perspective for health care providers who work in poor and underserved countries by expanding the liberation theology of the 1970s to include social applications. Analyzing my past experiences in Haiti using Farmer's methodology provided insight into my successes and failures and prompted me to search for personal and professional reasons to provide care for the poor in the future...
August 2008: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18664000/bioethics-and-christian-theology-in-brazil
#18
Márcio Fabri Dos Anjos, Hubert François Lepargneur
A Christian theology is important to bioethics in Brazil not only because Brazil is a country of strong Christian traditions, but also because of its theological method and because of many practices in their Christian communities. In fact, the interaction within practice and theory is a big point of its methodology. A heritage of a long history of colonialism in South America comes to our times as enormous social inequalities. In such a context, the silent cry of poor people is heard as a question of coherence to the Christian faith and to the neighbor love...
March 2008: Journal International de Bioéthique, International Journal of Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18606115/-empowerment-as-a-goal-of-social-psychiatric-endeavour
#19
Hartmann Hinterhuber, Ullrich Meise, Eva-Maria Hinterhuber
Empowerment is a new concept that has found its way via recognition in liberation theology and feminist movement, in to varied disciplines ranging from psychiatry and psychology through philosophy to political science. Empowerment claims to be both a multi-dimensional and multi-level concept. It can take different forms and its relevance reaches from the individual over organisations to larger systems. In psychiatry empowerment is a Successful self enabling strategy. The boundaries and limitations of its methods must, however, be respected as not every affected person is in a position at all times of using it...
2008: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17724861/denominational-difference-in-quaker-relief-work-during-the-spanish-civil-war-the-operation-of-corporate-concern-and-liberal-theologies
#20
F Mendlesohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2000: Journal of Religious History
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