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Advancement flap

Mohammad Jafarian, Nima Dehghani, Shahin Shams, Mohammad Esmaeelinejad, Farzad Aghdashi
Arteriovenous malformations are uncommon congenital disorders in vascular development. They frequently involve craniofacial structures and result in a morphogenic abnormality with ominous arteriovenous shunting. We present a huge AVM of the upper lip in an 18-year-old patient who was successfully treated by the combination method of presurgical endovascular embolization and complete resection of the lesion. Subsequent surgical defect in upper lip, which involved more than two-third of the lip length, was reconstructed via Webster's modification of cheek advancement flap...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Hari Ram, Hardik Makadia, Gagan Mehta, Shadab Mohammad, Rakesh Kumar Singh, Nimisha Singh, Geeta Singh
INTRODUCTION: The term oro-antral fistula is understood to mean of fistular canal covered with epithelia which may or may not be filled with granulation tissue or polyposis of the sinus mucous membrane. With the presence of a fistula the sinus is permanently open, which enables the passage of microbial flora of the oral cavity into the maxillary sinus and the occurrence of inflammation with all possible consequences. Every now and then various researchers have proposed innumerable techniques to treat this defect...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Thomas Mücke, Christian R Krestan, David A Mitchell, Jan S Kirschke, Arno Wutzl
For patients with malignant disease taking bisphosphonates and denosumab, the incidence of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is up to 15% in contrast to 0.01% in patients with osteoporosis. Clinical presentation of MRONJ extends from asymptomatic exposure of bone in 94% of patients to severe cases of mandibular fractures in a minority of 4.5%. The strongest risk factors for MRONJ are invasive dental procedures and dental infections. Advances in imaging provide more preoperation information compared with panoramic radiograph...
July 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
Chandrashekhar R Bande, Akshay Mishra, M K Gupta, Manu Goel, Mayur J Gawande
PURPOSE: Resections in the posterior component of the oral cavity usually lead to severe functional compromise and lower quality of life for patients. Notable advances in reconstruction of the posterior part of the mouth and of the oropharynx have occurred in recent decades. The anatomic and physiologic rehabilitation of the defect to a reasonable outcome with low morbidity and mortality remains the founding basis of any surgical reconstruction, which also holds true for oral oropharyngeal and retromaxillary reconstructions...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Giacomo Santoro, Giovanni Zucchelli, Enrico Gherlone
The case reports presented in this article describe a surgical approach for improving root coverage and regenerative parameters in deep intrabony defects associated with buccal gingival recession. A mandibular canine and a maxillary premolar were treated. The surgical technique consisted of a connective tissue graft (CTG) that was placed and sutured at the inner surface of a coronally advanced envelope flap (CAF), thickening the buccal soft tissue wall of the most coronal extension of the intrabony defect and treated with biomaterials as scaffold...
November 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Giovanni Zucchelli, Valentina Bentivogli, Sabrina Ganz, Pietro Bellone, Claudio Mazzotti
The present case report describes the application of the connective tissue graft wall (CTGW) technique for the treatment of deep lingual gingival recessions associated with probing pockets and bone loss. Two deep lingual gingival recessions affecting the mandibular central incisors associated with severe lingual attachment and bone loss were treated. The surgical technique comprised a connective tissue graft (CTG) placed below a trapezoidal-type coronally advanced flap (CAF) acting as a lingual soft tissue wall of the infrabony defect...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Nello Martiniello, Martina Stefanini, Giovanni Zucchelli
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice it is common to observe adjacent multiple gingival recessions (MGRs) associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs). The aim of this 2-year case report was to describe the full-mouth treatment of a patient affected by MGRs and NCCLs, with a combined restorative-surgical approach using a coronally advanced flap (CAF) and a xenogeneic collagen matrix (CM). METHOD: Before surgery, a composite restoration filled the deepest portion of the NCCL defects and was finished at the level of the maximum root coverage (MRC)...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Magda Mensi, Eleonora Scotti, Stefano Salgarello, Antonio Cerutti
The aim of this case report was to treat eight simultaneous recessions that caused an unesthetic smile in a 27-year-old orthodontically treated female patient and to restore the anterior maxillary teeth in the esthetic area. The treatment consisted of bilaminar mucogingival surgery with a palatine graft and a collagen matrix graft (Mucograft, Geistlich). At 24 months, complete root coverage was achieved in all treated sites, with an increase of keratinized tissue (KT), complete resolution of hypersensitivity, and a high level of esthetic satisfaction...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Arvind Kumar Pandey, Pramod Kumar, Srinivas Kodavoor Aithal, Sushma R Kotian, Honnegowda Thittamaranahalli, Hemalatha Bangera, Keerthana Prasad, Anne D Souza
The advancement of liposculpturing and fascial flaps in reconstructive surgery has renewed interest in the superficial fascia of abdomen. Its histological and biochemical composition may play a vital role in maintaining strength and elasticity of the fascia. Hence, study of abdominal fascia for the elastic, collagen, and hydroxyproline contents is desirable to understand asymmetrical bulges and skin folds and in improving surgical treatment of obesity. Samples of superficial fascia were collected from of upper and lower abdomen from 21 fresh cadavers (15 males and 6 females)...
September 2016: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Michael Bickell, Jonathan Beilan, Jared Wallen, Lucas Wiegand, Rafael Carrion
This article reviews the most up-to-date surgical treatment options for the reconstructive management of patients with penile, urethral, and scrotal cancer. Each organ system is examined individually. Techniques and discussion for penile cancer reconstruction include Mohs surgery, glans resurfacing, partial and total glansectomy, and phalloplasty. Included in the penile cancer reconstruction section is the use of penile prosthesis in phalloplasty patients after penectomy, tissue engineering in phallic regeneration, and penile transplantation...
November 2016: Urologic Clinics of North America
Martina Stefanini, Karin Jepsen, Massimo de Sanctis, Nicola Baldini, Björn Greven, Bernd Heinz, Jan Wennström, Björn Cassel, Fabio Vignoletti, Mariano Sanz, Søren Jepsen, Giovanni Zucchelli
AIM: To assess patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), aesthetics and stability of root coverage procedures from a previous 6-month RCT after 1 year. MATERIAL & METHODS: 45 patients (90 recessions) had received a coronally advanced flap (CAF = control) only or a xenogeneic collagen matrix in addition (CAF + CMX = test). Visual analogue scales (VAS) and questionnaires were used for PROMs and the root coverage aesthetic score (RES) for professional aesthetic evaluations...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Adriano Azaripour, Maren Kissinger, Vittorio Siro Leone Farina, Cornelis J F Van Noorden, Aslihan Gerhold-Ay, Brita Willershausen, Pierpaolo Cortellini
AIM: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the coronally advanced flap (CAF) with the modified microsurgical tunnel technique (MMTT) for treatment of Miller class I and II recessions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 patients with 71 gingival recessions were recruited and randomly assigned to either CAF or to MMTT. In both groups a connective tissue graft was applied. Clinical evaluations were performed after 3, 6, and 12 months. Impressions were taken and digitally scanned 3-dimensionally to evaluate the quantitative soft tissue changes in the operative region...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
S Schmitzer, C Butea-Simionescu, A Gheorghe, M Zemba, M Cioboata
Iris and ciliary body melanoma is an aggressive tumor, which, unfortunately, presents symptoms only in advanced stages and is often discovered accidentally during a routine eye examination. There are several treatment options, ranging from in time monitorization in order to observe the tumor's evolution to more aggressive methods such as radiotherapy and enucleation. We present a case of iridociliary melanoma, who underwent conservative surgery, iridocyclectomy under scleral flap, with good results, and maintenance of the function and integrity of the eyeball...
January 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
A Di Martino, P Bonavolontà, G Dell'Aversana Orabona, F Schönauer
Wide resection of recurrent basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in the peri-orbital-infraorbital-nasal area may include periosteum resection with maxillary or nasal bone exposure. The absence of vascularized periosteum makes the defect ungraftable and local flaps are often required. As an alternative to a large single flap or a combination of flaps, it is possible to turn the ungraftable portion of the defect into a graftable one. The suborbicularis oculi fat (SOOF) flap is an advancement flap that is used in aesthetic surgery for midface rejuvenation...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Seung Woo Cho, Hak Chang, Sung Tack Kwon
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare, slow-growing intraepithelial malignancy that mainly involves the genital region, including the vulva, penis, scrotum, perianal, and periurethral areas. Although several treatment options exist, wide local excision with a safe margin is considered the treatment of choice. After resection of the lesion, it is often challenging to reconstruct the defect because defects in the perineal region require adequate volume for protection and are susceptible to infections, which is a particularly significant risk for large defects...
September 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
C Blake Perry, Richard C Allen
INTRODUCTION: Repair of large defects of the lower eyelid can be difficult. A common procedure performed to address these defects is a Hughes flap. This procedure has a number of disadvantages: The eye is closed postoperatively, a second stage is required, and the edge of the flap is often erythematous. The purpose of this paper is to describe a one-stage procedure for the repair of large full-thickness defects of the lower lid as an alternative to a Hughes flap. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent the described procedure...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Olivera Kosovac, Nada Santrac, Ivan Markovic, Dusica Gavrilovic, Aleksandar Martinovic, Marko Jevric, Igor Spurnic, Radan Dzodic
PURPOSE: To evaluate the adverse outcomes after delayed breast reconstruction (DBR) by abdominal advancement flap (AAF) and permanent prosthesis in patients treated with mastectomy due to unilateral breast carcinoma, as well as to determine which factors are predictive for their occurrence. METHODS: The study included 155 patients operated at the Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia from 1996 to 2010. All patients had total mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection, followed by specific oncological treatment...
July 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Yansong Xu, Weizhong Tang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this analysis was to compare the advantages of the anal fistula plug (AFP) with the mucosa advancement flap (MAF) for complex anal fistulas. METHODS: Comparative studies of the efficacy of AFP and MAF were included. Two independent reviewers selected articles for inclusion. After information collection, a meta-analysis was performed using data on overall healing rates, complications, incontinences and recurrences. The quality of postoperative life and cost were also included with the clinical results...
September 29, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Jennifer M Sabino, Julia Slater, Ian L Valerio
Scope and Significance: Reconstruction of traumatic injuries requiring tissue transfer begins with aggressive resuscitation and stabilization. Systematic advances in acute casualty care at the point of injury have improved survival and allowed for increasingly complex treatment before definitive reconstruction at tertiary medical facilities outside the combat zone. As a result, the complexity of the limb salvage algorithm has increased over 14 years of combat activities in Iraq and Afghanistan. Problem: Severe poly-extremity trauma in combat casualties has led to a large number of extremity salvage cases...
September 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
Hyun-Chang Lim, Ji-Youn Hong, Seung-Il Shin, Jong-Hyuk Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Periodontology
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