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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226570/a-wearable-signal-acquisition-system-for-physiological-signs-including-throat-ppg
#1
Yizhou Zhong, Yun Pan, Ling Zhang, Kwang-Ting Cheng, Yizhou Zhong, Yun Pan, Ling Zhang, Kwang-Ting Cheng, Yizhou Zhong, Ling Zhang, Kwang-Ting Cheng, Yun Pan
This paper presents a wearable signal acquisition system, which can measure physiological signs, i.e., electrocardiogram (ECG) and photoplethysmogram (PPG). The system is comprised of two parts: (1) an ECG sensor implemented in the master board which will be mounted on the chest and, (2) a combined PPG and motion sensor implemented in the slave board which will be worn around the neck area. The single-lead ECG, the single-channel PPG, and the 3-channel accelerometer signals are all sampled at 200Hz, and transmitted to an Android app through Bluetooth® low energy (BLE) in real time...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225490/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-spanish-patients-with-anca-associated-vasculitides-impact-of-the-vasculitis-type-anca-specificity-and-treatment-on-mortality-and-morbidity
#2
Roser Solans-Laqué, Guadalupe Fraile, Monica Rodriguez-Carballeira, Luis Caminal, Maria J Castillo, Ferran Martínez-Valle, Luis Sáez, Juan J Rios, Xavier Solanich, Joaquim Oristrell, Francisco Pasquau, Eva Fonseca, Monica Zamora, Jose L Callejas, Begoña Frutos, Monica Abdilla, Patricia Fanlo, Isabel García-Sánchez, Miguel López-Dupla, Bernardo Sopeña, Almudena Pérez-Iglesias, Josep A Bosch
The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of ANCA-associated vasculitides (AAV) at presentation, in a wide cohort of Spanish patients, and to analyze the impact of the vasculitis type, ANCA specificity, prognostic factors, and treatments administered at diagnosis, in the outcome.A total of 450 patients diagnosed between January 1990 and January 2014 in 20 Hospitals from Spain were included. Altogether, 40.9% had granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), 37.1% microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), and 22% eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA)...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224628/quality-of-life-of-patients-who-underwent-aesthetic-rhinoplasty-100-cases-assessed-with-the-glascow-benefit-inventory
#3
Dimitrios Kotzampasakis, Anastasia Piniara, Sotirios Themelis, Stylianos Kotzampasakis, Eustratios Gabriel, Nikos Maroudias, Thomas Nikolopoulos
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the present study is to assess the long-term effect of classic rhinoplasty on patients' quality of life. STUDY DESIGN: Outcomes research. METHODS: The study included 100 operated patients; there were 34 males and 66 females. The ages ranged between 23 and 57 years old, with a mean of 36.4 years. A minimum of 3 years between the operation and the study was selected to assess the long-term effect of the operation on the patients' quality of life and exclude any short-term impressions...
February 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223906/probiotics-and-disease-a-comprehensive-summary-part-3-cardiometabolic-disease-and-fatigue-syndromes
#4
REVIEW
Christy B Williamson, Cathleen M Burns, Crystal M Gossard, Jessica M Pizano, Keren E Dolan, Heather J Finley, Margaret G Gasta, Emily C Parker, Elizabeth A Lipski
This article series provides a literature review of the disease-specific probiotic strains, associated with cardiometabolic diseases and fatigue syndromes, studied in published clinical trials in humans and animals. This is not an exhaustive review. The table design allows for quick access to supportive data and will be helpful as a guide for both researchers and clinicians. The goal of the probiotics and disease series is to provide clinically useful tools. The first article (part 1) focused on mental health and neurological conditions and the second article (part 2) explored cultured and fermented foods that are commonly available in the United States...
February 2017: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223894/probiotics-and-disease-a-comprehensive-summary-part-2-commercially-produced-cultured-and-fermented-foods-commonly-available-in-the-united-states
#5
REVIEW
Emily C Parker, Crystal M Gossard, Keren E Dolan, Heather J Finley, Cathleen M Burns, Margaret G Gasta, Jessica M Pizano, Christy B Williamson, Elizabeth A Lipski
This article series provides a literature review of the disease-specific probiotic strains studied in published clinical trials in humans and animals. The goal of the series is to provide clinically useful tools. The table design allows for quick access to supportive data and will be helpful as a guide for both researchers and clinicians. The first article (part 1) focused on mental health and neurological conditions. This second article (part 2) explores cultured and fermented foods that are commonly available in the United States...
December 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222696/a-comparison-of-the-transillumination-assisted-technique-versus-midline-approach-technique-in-novices-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-about-the-bonfils-intubation-fiberscope
#6
Jian Wang, Lan Yuan, Guoqiang Fu, Wei Tang, Guijie Yu, Feng Guo, Jiangang Song
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to compare the safety and efficacy for novices to conduct intubation with the Bonfils intubation fiberscope (BIF) using the transillumination-assisted or midline approach technique in patients with normal airways. METHODS: In this prospective randomized control study, 10 trainees were assigned to the transillumination-assisted technique group (T group) or the midline approach technique group (R group). Each trainee was required to conduct intubation in 50 patients...
February 21, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221825/ecological-and-social-factors-constrain-spatial-and-temporal-opportunities-for-mating-in-a-migratory-songbird
#7
Sara A Kaiser, Benjamin B Risk, T Scott Sillett, Michael S Webster
Many studies of sexual selection assume that individuals have equal mating opportunities and that differences in mating success result from variation in sexual traits. However, the inability of sexual traits to explain variation in male mating success suggests that other factors moderate the strength of sexual selection. Extrapair paternity is common in vertebrates and can contribute to variation in mating success and thus serves as a model for understanding the operation of sexual selection. We developed a spatially explicit, multifactor model of all possible female-male pairings to test the hypothesis that ecological (food availability) and social (breeding density, breeding distance, and the social mate's nest stage) factors influence an individual's opportunity for extrapair paternity in a socially monogamous bird, the black-throated blue warbler, Setophaga caerulescens...
March 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220325/characterization-of-epstein-barr-virus-encoded-small-rna-gene-variations-in-virus-associated-lymphomas-in-northern-china
#8
Zhenzhen Zhao, Lingling Sun, Song Liu, Jun Shu, Bing Luo
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded small RNAs (EBER1 and EBER2) are highly expressed in all forms of EBV latency in EBV-associated malignancies. EBER gene variations and their association with EBV-associated disease still remain poorly characterized. To investigate the patterns of EBER gene variations and their roles in tumorigenesis, EBER gene sequences were analyzed by nested-PCR and DNA sequencing in 101 lymphomas from Northern China, a non-nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) endemic area. In addition, EBV type 1 and type 2 classifications were made by using nested-PCR assays across type-specific regions in the EBNA2 gene...
February 20, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219323/a-preliminary-assessment-of-the-lma-protector%C3%A2-in-non-paralysed-patients
#9
Ban Leong Sng, Farida Binte Ithnin, Deepak Mathur, Eileen Lew, Nian-Lin Reena Han, Alex Tiong-Heng Sia
BACKGROUND: The LMA Protector™ is the latest CE marked single use supraglottic airway device. This airway device provides access and functional separation of the respiratory and digestive tracts. There are two ports (male, female ports) to provide suction in the laryngeal region and insertion of the gastric tube. The aim of our study is to assess the ease of use, airway quality, device positioning, airway leak and complications associated with initial clinical experience in LMA Protector™ usage...
February 20, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218160/research-misconduct-a-neglected-plague
#10
REVIEW
Manjiri A Deshmukh, Arun S Dodamani, Mahesh R Khairnar, Rahul G Naik
Truthfulness and honesty are absolute essentials of research. But to sustain in the not-so-pleasant "publish-or-perish" environment and "cut-throat" competition to increase the credibility associated with one's name, many individual researchers as well as research groups are turning towards research misconduct and this plague is gradually reaching epidemic and pandemic proportions. This overview highlights the various types and means of research misconduct and gives suggestions aiming to curb this academic menace so that research sanctity and integrity can be preserved and scientific research does not get polluted by the dirt of misreported or fabricated data...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215714/microbiological-effect-of-mupirocin-and-chlorhexidine-for-staphylococcus-aureus-decolonization-in-community-and-nursing-home-based-adults
#11
Mary-Claire Roghmann, Alison D Lydecker, Patricia Langenberg, Emmanuel F Mongodin, J Kristie Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the presence of Staphylococcus aureus and pathogenic Gram-negative rods (GNR) in the anterior nares, posterior pharynx and three skin sites in community-based adults and nursing home-based adults before and after treatment with nasal mupirocin and topical chlorhexidine. METHODS: S. aureus-colonized adults were recruited from the community (n=26) and from nursing homes (n=8). Eligible participants were cultured for S. aureus and GNR during two study visits and then received intranasal mupirocin and topical chlorhexidine for 5days, with a 2-month follow-up period...
February 13, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214652/unilateral-oculomotor-palsy-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-1a-cmt-1a
#12
A Posa, A Emmer, M E Kornhuber
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) type 1A is the most common form of CMT 1 and one of the autosomal dominant demyelinating hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies (HMSN). Cranial nerves may be frequently subclinically affected in CMT disease. However manifest clinical signs of cranial nerve involvement are rare. METHODS: This case comprise neurological, ophthalmological, internal medicine and ear-nose-throat investigation, motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity, auditory evoked potentials and orbicularis-oculi reflex measurements, lumbar puncture and blood examination, inclusive molecular genetic testing, as well as electrocardiogram and cranial imaging such as computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging RESULTS: The present case shows a Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) 1A patient with complete unilateral oculomotor palsy in combination with predominant ipsilateral subclinical trigeminal demyelination...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213108/intestinal-transport-and-absorption-of-bioactive-phenolic-compounds-from-a-chemically-characterized-aqueous-extract-of-athrixia-phylicoides
#13
Sandra L Bowles, Yonela Ntamo, Christiaan J Malherbe, Abidemi M P Kappo, Johan Louw, Christo J F Muller
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Athrixia phylicoides (A. phylicoides), popularly known as "bush tea", is an indigenous aromatic shrub found in mountainous and grassland areas of the northern and eastern parts of southern Africa. The plant is traditionally used for the treatment of several ailments, including coughing, treating infected wounds, treating boils and sore throat, hypertension and heart disease. Potential anti-diabetic effects have also been demonstrated in vitro. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the intestinal transport of prominent phenolic constituents, across a fully differentiated Caco-2 monolayer, using a characterized aqueous extract of A...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212628/is-propofol-injection-pain-really-important-to-patients
#14
Wen Wang, Linxin Wu, Chaobin Zhang, Li Sun
BACKGROUND: Propofol injection pain (PIP) has been adequately studied during the past decades. However, patients' opinion on this problem and the incidence of patients' recall of this brief discomfort are still unknown. Thus, we conducted this study to know the patients' perspectives on PIP and provide useful information about the incidence of recall of PIP under our routine general anesthesia. METHODS: Five hundred preoperative questionnaires were distributed to patients who were scheduled for elective open thyroidectomy under general anesthesia from May 2016 to July 2016...
February 17, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#15
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199538/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-rhytidectomy-malpractice-litigation-cases
#16
Aron Kandinov, Sean Mutchnick, Vaibhuv Nangia, Peter F Svider, Giancarlo F Zuliani, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Michael A Carron
Importance: This study investigates the financial burden of medical malpractice litigation associated with rhytidectomies, as well as factors that contribute to litigation and poor defendant outcomes, which can help guide physician practices. Objective: To comprehensively evaluate rhytidectomy malpractice litigation. Data Sources and Study Selection: Jury verdict and settlement reports related to rhytidectomy malpractice litigations were obtained using the Westlaw Next database...
February 9, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199053/the-effect-of-tonsillectomy-on-the-morbidity-from-recurrent-tonsillitis
#17
C M Douglas, K Lang, W M Whitmer, J A Wilson, K Mackenzie
BACKGROUND: Tonsillitis is a common condition with an incidence in UK general practice of 37 per 1000 population a year(1) . Recurrent tonsillitis results in significant morbidity and impacts on individuals' quality of life. This study assesses the morbidity and quality of life of adults with recurrent tonsillitis, and the impact of surgical intervention on their health state. OBJECTIVES: 1.To describe disease specific and global quality of life for adults with recurrent tonsillitis six months after tonsillectomy, using two instruments: the Health Impact of Throat Problems (HITP) and EuroQol-visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) questionnaire...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198541/adenovirus-type-4-respiratory-infections-with-a-concurrent-outbreak-of-coxsackievirus-a21-among-united-states-army-basic-trainees-a-retrospective-viral-etiology-study-using-next-generation-sequencing
#18
Jun Hang, Todd J Vento, Erica A Norby, Richard G Jarman, Paul B Keiser, Robert A Kuschner, Leonard N Binn
BACKGROUND: Human adenoviruses (HAdV), in particular types 4 and 7, frequently cause acute respiratory disease (ARD) during basic military training. HAdV4 and HAdV7 vaccines reduced the ARD risk in US military. It is important to identify other respiratory pathogens and assess their potential impact on military readiness. METHODS: In 2002, during a period when the HAdV vaccines were not available, throat swabs were taken from trainees (n = 184) with respiratory infections at Fort Jackson, South Carolina...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194287/acute-acalculous-cholecystitis-a-rare-presentation-of-primary-epstein-barr-virus-infection-in-adults-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Zuhal Yesilbag, Asli Karadeniz, Fatih Oner Kaya
Primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is almost always a self-limited disease characterized by sore throat, fever, and lymphadenopathy. Hepatic involvement is usually characterized by mild elevations of aminotransferases and resolves spontaneously. Although isolated gallbladder wall thickness has been reported in these patients, acute acalculous cholecystitis is an atypical presentation of primary EBV infection. We presented a young women admitted with a 10-day history of fever, nausea, malaise who had jaundice and right upper quadrant tenderness on the physical examination...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193184/survey-of-spanish-general-practitioners-attitudes-toward-management-of-sore-throat-an-internet-based-questionnaire-study
#20
Carl Llor, Isabel Vilaseca, Eduardo Lehrer-Coriat, Xavier Boleda, José L Cañada, Ana Moragas, Josep M Cots
BACKGROUND: The management of sore throat varies widely in Europe. The objective of this study was to gain insight into clinicians' perceptions on the current management of sore throat in Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional, internet-based questionnaire study answered from July to September 2013. General practitioners (GPs) affiliated with the two largest scientific societies of primary care were invited to participate in the study. Questions were asked about physician knowledge, the use of current national guidelines for sore throat management, and management in two clinical scenarios, depicting a young adult with sore throat and: 1...
February 14, 2017: BMC Family Practice
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