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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526310/working-with-influenza-like-illness-presenteeism-among-us-health-care-personnel-during-the-2014-2015-influenza-season
#1
Sophia Chiu, Carla L Black, Xin Yue, Stacie M Greby, A Scott Laney, Angela P Campbell, Marie A de Perio
BACKGROUND: Health care personnel (HCP) working while experiencing influenza-like illness (ILI) contribute to influenza transmission in health care settings. Studies focused on certain HCP occupations or work settings have demonstrated that some HCP often continue to work while ill. METHODS: Using a national nonprobability Internet panel survey of 1,914 HCP during the 2014-2015 influenza season, we calculated the frequency of working with self-reported ILI (ie, fever and cough or sore throat) and examined reasons for working with ILI by occupation and work setting...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526065/malnutrition-and-poor-oral-health-status-are-major-risks-among-primary-school-children-at-lasbela-balochistan-pakistan
#2
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Abdul Karim Jamali, Ifra Sameen, Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Mir Yousaf Baloch, Abdul Hameed Baloch, Ghulam Rasool Baloch, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, Sobiya Mohiuddin Ayaz, Muhammad Younus Baloch
BACKGROUND: This survey was focusing on health and oral hygiene status of primary school children at Lasbela district considering the comparatively less developed and socio demographically deprived part of the Country. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the health status of primary school children in seven tehseels of district Lasbela, Balochistan after applying proportionate sampling technique from March 2015 to July 2015. Field teams visited assigned schools to screen children and collect health related data on predesigned and pre coded proforma...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525477/reasons-of-dysphagia-after-operation-of-anterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion
#3
Bing Wu, Fei Song, Shourong Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reasons, clinical manifestation, risk factors, prevention, and treatment of dysphagia after operation of anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dysphagia is one of severe complications after ACDF. There were a few studies about reasons and prevention of dysphagia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical charts of patients who underwent ACDF in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2012...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523315/sinonasal-non-hodgkin-s-malignant-lymphoma-review-of-a-clinical-case
#4
Vlad Andrei Budu, Mihail Tuşaliu, Tatiana Decuseară, Ioan Alexandru Bulescu, Cristiana Gabriela Popp, Alexandru Panfiloiu, Andreea Nicoleta Costache, Iuliana Lupu, Carmen Aurelia Mogoantă
Malignant lymphomas represent one of the most important problems of modern medicine, with a constant increase in the last decades, becoming the most frequent tumor among young people. Sinonasal localization is a particular site of malignant lymphomas, representing the second most frequent among ear, nose and throat (ENT) tumors. In this paper, authors present the clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of a malignant sinonasal lymphoma, which despite an aggressive histological subtype and important regional extension had a favorable clinical outcome...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523041/functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-as-a-primary-modality-of-treatment-for-primary-and-recurrent-nasal-polyposis
#5
Mohammad Shahid Gohar, Saleem Asif Niazi, Sohail Baber Niazi
OBJECTIVES: To describe the efficacy of Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery(FESS) in our set up in comparison with other published studies to treat primary and recurrent nasal polyposis. METHOD: This descriptive study was conducted in 02 years at Ear Nose Throat Department Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Multan from October 2013 to October 2015. Convenient sample comprising 116 patients of both sexes of age group from 18 to 60 years were selected from ENT Out Patient Department, with documented diagnosis of nasal polyposis that underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516972/sialendoscopy-for-salivary-stones-principles-technical-skills-and-therapeutic-experience
#6
F Carta, P Farneti, S Cantore, G Macrì, N Chuchueva, L Cuffaro, E Pasquini, R Puxeddu
Obstructive sialadenitis is the most common non-neoplastic disease of the salivary glands, and sialendoscopy is increasingly used in both diagnosis and treatment, associated in selected cases with endoscopic laser lithotripsy. Sialendoscopy is also used for combined minimally invasive external and endoscopic approaches in patients with larger and proximal stones that would require excessively long laser procedures. The present paper reports on the technical experience from the Ear, Nose and Throat Unit of the Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital of Bologna, and from the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of the University Hospital of Cagliari, Italy, including the retrospective analysis of the endoscopic and endoscopic assisted procedures performed on 48 patients (26 females and 22 males; median age 45...
April 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516442/vaccines-for-the-common-cold
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Simancas-Racines, Juan Va Franco, Claudia V Guerra, Maria L Felix, Ricardo Hidalgo, Maria José Martinez-Zapata
BACKGROUND: The common cold is a spontaneously remitting infection of the upper respiratory tract, characterised by a runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, cough, malaise, sore throat, and fever (usually < 37.8º C). The widespread morbidity caused by the common cold worldwide is related to its ubiquitousness rather than its severity. The development of vaccines for the common cold has been difficult because of antigenic variability of the common cold virus and the indistinguishable multiple other viruses and even bacteria acting as infective agents...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514976/working-despite-having-influenza-like-illness-results-of-an-anonymous-survey-of-healthcare-providers-who-care-for-transplant-recipients
#8
Sherif B Mossad, Abhishek Deshpande, Sarah Schramm, Xiaobo Liu, Michael B Rothberg
OBJECTIVE To compare the rates of and reasons for presenteeism associated with influenza-like illness (ILI) among healthcare professionals (HCPs) caring for hospitalized inpatient transplant recipients and internal medicine patients. DESIGN We designed a 10-question anonymous survey in which ILI was defined as fever (>37.8°C) and cough and/or sore throat and ILI B was defined as fever (>37.8°C) or cough or sore throat; both definitions were considered in the absence of another known cause. SETTING Tertiary-care center...
May 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514365/-the-detection-of-the-human-papilloma-virus-during-hyperplastic-processes-in-the-nose-ears-and-throat
#9
N V Boiko, S N Panchenko
The objective of the present work was to carry out the virological and histological studies of various neoplastic and hyperplastic processes in the nose, ears, and throat with a view to identifying the presence of human papilloma virus and Epstein-Barr virus. The brush biopsies and remote neoplasms obtained from 18 patients (including 2 children and 16 adults) presenting with various ENT diseases and tumours were available for the virological investigation with the use of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a system MY09-MY11 degenerate primers ...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514288/bordetella-parapertussis-outbreak-in-southeastern-minnesota-and-the-united-states-2014
#10
Vytas P Karalius, Stefanea L Rucinski, Jayawant N Mandrekar, Robin Patel
Whooping cough is traditionally ascribed to Bordetella pertussis; however, Bordetella parapertussis can cause a similar clinical syndrome. This study describes an outbreak of B. parapertussis in Southeastern Minnesota and the United States (US) in 2014. This was a retrospective analysis of Mayo Clinic and Mayo Medical Laboratories patients who tested positive for B. parapertussis from 2012 to 2014. The medical records of Mayo Clinic patients who tested positive in 2014 were reviewed for demographic information, presenting symptoms, disease course, and vaccination history...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511973/anterior-decompression-and-hybrid-reconstruction-with-titanium-mesh-cage-plus-plate-and-self-locking-stand-alone-cage-for-the-treatment-of-three-level-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#11
Jian Zhou, Xilei Li, Xiaogang Zhou, Hong Lin, Jian Dong
It has been reported that anterior cervical decompression has good clinical outcomes for the treatment of adjacent three-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). However, the application of a long plate in the anterior cervical spine poses substantial risks of soft tissue damage. In this retrospective study, we aimed to analyze the clinical and radiological results of the hybrid construction with titanium mesh cage (TMC) plus plate and self-locking stand-alone cage for treatment of adjacent three-level CSM...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508180/a-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-throat-packs-during-nasal-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Ali Al-Lami, Kwamena Amonoo-Kuofi, Praneta Kulloo, Raj Lakhani, Navin Prakash, Nazir Bhat
The aims of this study were to identify differences in post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and throat pain between throat packed and non-packed patient groups in nasal surgery. This was a prospective, double blind, randomised controlled trial. A water-soaked throat pack gauze was inserted in the mouth to occlude the oropharynx was used in the throat pack group. The second group received no throat pack. A validated PONV questionnaire was completed 6 h post-operatively. Visual analogue scores (VAS) for throat pain were completed in recovery, 2, and 6 h post-operatively...
May 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508178/survey-about-the-use-of-clarithromycin-in-an-ent-outpatient-department-of-a-tertiary-hospital
#13
Jingchao Yan, Jianwen Shen, Ying Li, Fengmin Tang, Nianzu Chen
We undertook this survey about the use of clarithromycin in the Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) Outpatient Department of Fudan University Hospital to understand its utilization patterns and rational use. A survey of prescriptions given to outpatients was carried out, and detailed information of the patients, including age, sex, diagnosis, combined medication, and other information, was recorded in Excel spreadsheets. The rationale for each prescription was evaluated retrospectively. Based on our analysis, 82.5% of the clarithromycin prescriptions were for the treatment of rhinosinusitis...
May 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508096/-off-label-biologic-therapy-of-anca-associated-and-non-anca-associated-small-vessel-vasculitis-efficacy-and-safety-analysis-of-a-national-registry-graid2
#14
N Venhoff, F Proft, H Schulze-Koops, J Holle, R E Voll, C Iking-Konert, A M Jacobi, J Henes, L Unger, O Kneitz, T Dörner, J Thiel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of off-label biological therapies in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) and non-ANCA-associated small-vessel vasculitis (nAAV) in clinical practice. METHODS: The German Registry in Autoimmune Diseases 2 (GRAID2) is a national, retrospective, non-interventional, multicentre observational study (August 2006 until December 2013) on patients with autoimmune diseases refractory to standard immunosuppressive therapy treated with off-label biologicals...
May 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506902/ski3301-a-purified-herbal-extract-from-sophora-tonkinensis-inhibited-airway-inflammation-and-bronchospasm-in-allergic-asthma-animal-models-in-vivo
#15
Hunseung Yoo, Minseok Kang, Sungsoo Pyo, Hee-Sung Chae, Keun Ho Ryu, Jinwoong Kim, Young-Won Chin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sophora tonkinensis (Leguminosae, ST) is a traditional herbal plant in Korea and China. Its roots and rhizomes have been used to dissipate heat, to clear toxic material and to treat acute pharyngolaryngeal infections and sore throats. AIM OF STUDY: In this study, we tried to investigate the anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic effects of a purified extract (SKI3301) from Sophora tonkinensis using in vitro enzyme assay models and ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma animal models...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506576/-clinical-characteristics-and-follow-up-of-patients-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-confirmed-myopericarditis-a-retrospective-study
#16
Q de Hemptinne, F Picard, V Spagnoli, M Renard
INTRODUCTION: Pericarditis are frequently associated with some degree of concomitant myocardial involvement. Predominant pericarditis with limited myocardial involvement are named myopericarditis. Data regarding myopericarditis are scarce. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients admitted between 2002 and 2011 with magnetic resonance imaging confirmed myopericarditis. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were included. Eighty-one percent were men, with median age of 32 years...
May 12, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503216/public-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-antibiotic-use-in-kosovo
#17
Drita Zajmi, Merita Berisha, Ilir Begolli, Rina Hoxha, Rukije Mehmeti, Gjyle Mulliqi-Osmani, Arsim Kurti, Afrim Loku, Lul Raka
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is becoming a major public health challenge worldwide, caused primarily by the misuse of antibiotics. Antibiotic use is closely related to the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of a population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices about antibiotic use among the general public in Kosovo. METHODS: A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was carried out with a sample of 811 randomly selected Kosovo residents...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502856/dna-chip-based-sensor-for-amperometric-detection-of-infectious-pathogens
#18
Swati Singh, Ankur Kaushal, Shashi Khare, Ashok Kumar
Several infectious pathogens are found in human whose detection is essential for rapid cure of diseases. The most commonly found pathogen in human is Streptococcus pyogenes which leads to a wide range of infections from mild pharyngitis to rheumatic heart disease. An ultrasensitive DNA chip based sensor was developed for quick identification of pathogen S. pyogenes from patient throat swab samples. The amperometric response was measured after hybridization of specific probe with single stranded genomic DNA (ssG-DNA) from the patient samples...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502065/polymers-for-enhanced-oil-recovery-fundamentals-and-selection-criteria
#19
REVIEW
Sandeep Rellegadla, Ganshyam Prajapat, Akhil Agrawal
With a rising population, the demand for energy has increased over the years. As per the projections, both fossil fuel and renewables will remain as major energy source (678 quadrillion BTU) till 2030 with fossil fuel contributing 78% of total energy consumption. Hence, attempts are continuously made to make fossil fuel production more sustainable and cheaper. From the past 40 years, polymer flooding has been carried out in marginal oil fields and have proved to be successful in many cases. The common expectation from polymer flooding is to obtain 50% ultimate recovery with 15 to 20% incremental recovery over secondary water flooding...
May 13, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500319/airway-microbial-diversity-is-inversely-associated-with-mite-sensitized-rhinitis-and-asthma-in-early-childhood
#20
Chih-Yung Chiu, Yi-Ling Chan, Yu-Shuen Tsai, Ssu-An Chen, Chia-Jung Wang, Kuan-Fu Chen, I-Fang Chung
Microbiota plays an important role in regulating immune responses associated with atopic diseases. We sought to evaluate relationships among airway microbiota, serum IgE levels, allergic sensitization and their relevance to rhinitis and asthma. Microbial characterization was performed using Illumina-based 16S rRNA gene sequencing of 87 throat swabs collected from children with asthma (n = 32) and rhinitis (n = 23), and from healthy controls (n = 32). Data analysis was performed using QIIME (Quantitative Insights Into Microbial Ecology) v1...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
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