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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098417/delivery-of-anesthesia-for-children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-iii-sanfilippo-syndrome-a-review-of-86-anesthetics
#1
Marc A Cohen, Grant M Stuart
BACKGROUND: Sanfilippo syndrome (MPS III) is rare, with 97 cases in the United Kingdom between 1988 and 1998. Mucopolysaccharide infiltration of tissues in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) causes multi-systemic pathology including difficult airways and cardiac disease. Published anesthesia case reviews of Sanfilippo syndrome have included limited numbers of patients to date. AIM: To identify the perioperative management and complications of anesthesia in children with mucopolysaccharidosis Type III at Great Ormond Street Hospital...
January 18, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096622/survey-on-sarcocystis-in-bovine-carcasses-slaughtered-at-the-municipal-abattoir-of-el-kharga-egypt
#2
Ali Meawad Ahmed, Nagwa Thabet Elshraway, Ahmed Ibrahim Youssef
AIM: The main objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of Sarcocystis sp. infection in cattle and buffalo carcasses slaughtered at El-Kharga abattoir, New Valley Governorate, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The slaughtered animals were daily inspected for Sarcocystis macrocysts through a year (2015). Macroscopic Sarcocystis was detected from a total of 2120 cattle and buffalo carcasses. In addition, 100 meat samples were collected from female cattle and buffalo (50 each) and were examined microscopically for sarcocystosis...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096585/comparison-of-three-insertion-techniques-of-proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Kadirehally Bheemanna Nalini, Shivanna Shivakumar, Shivashankar Archana, Doddagavanahalli Channaiah Sandhya Rani, Chadalavada Venkata Rama Mohan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to compare three techniques for insertion of ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred ten patients (American Society of Anaethesiologists I-II, aged 18-60 years) undergoing general anesthesia using the PLMA as an airway management device were randomly allocated to digital (D), rotational (R), or pharyngoscopic (P) techniques. In the D group (n = 70), the PLMA insertion was performed by using digital manipulation...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096515/tonsillectomy-versus-watchful-waiting-for-recurrent-throat-infection-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Anna Morad, Nila A Sathe, David O Francis, Melissa L McPheeters, Sivakumar Chinnadurai
CONTEXT: The effectiveness of tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy ("tonsillectomy") for recurrent throat infection compared with watchful waiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To compare sleep, cognitive, behavioral, and health outcomes of tonsillectomy versus watchful waiting in children with recurrent throat infections. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096011/a-systematic-nurse-led-approach-to-withdrawal-risk-screening-prevention-and-treatment-among-inpatients-with-an-alcohol-use-disorder-in-an-ear-nose-throat-and-jaw-surgery-department-a-formative-evaluation
#5
Deborah Linda Leuenberger, Katharina Fierz, Andreas Hinck, Daniel Bodmer, Wolfgang Hasemann
INTRODUCTION: Among patients with head and neck cancer comorbid alcohol use disorder is frequent which contributes to higher risk of developing perioperative alcohol withdrawal syndrome/delirium or delirium due to medical conditions. Although guidelines emphasize prevention and treatment of alcohol withdrawal in hospitalized patients, a validated systematic approach for management of these patients is still lacking. Our aim was to formatively evaluate our newly developed systematic approach in view of nurses' adherence to screening patients for regular alcohol consumption and managing their withdrawal symptoms using the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment of Alcohol Scale, Revised...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095960/medical-reasons-for-loss-of-license-in-norwegian-professional-pilots
#6
Jesper Kristiansen Høva, Lars Thorheim, Anthony S Wagstaff
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to quantify causes of medical disqualification (groundings) of Norwegian commercial pilots for the period 2006-2010, and to compare our findings with former Norwegian studies on the subject to reveal possible changes in the disease spectrum over the last decades. We compared our data with previous studies for the periods 1982-1997 and 1997-2001, respectively. METHODS: The material was collected from the aeromedical section's archive...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095600/human-quarantine-toward-reducing-infectious-pressure-on-chimpanzees-at-the-ta%C3%A3-chimpanzee-project-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#7
Kim Grützmacher, Verena Keil, Vera Leinert, Floraine Leguillon, Arthur Henlin, Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Sophie Köndgen, Alexander Lang, Tobias Deschner, Roman M Wittig, Fabian H Leendertz
Due to their genetic relatedness, great apes are highly susceptible to common human respiratory pathogens. Although most respiratory pathogens, such as human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) and human metapneumovirus (HMPV), rarely cause severe disease in healthy human adults, they are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality in wild great apes habituated to humans for research or tourism. To prevent pathogen transmission, most great ape projects have established a set of hygiene measures ranging from keeping a specific distance, to the use of surgical masks and establishment of quarantines...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094660/postoperative-bleeding-and-associated-utilization-following-tonsillectomy-in-children
#8
David O Francis, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Nila Sathe, Melissa McPheeters, Shanthi Krishnaswami, Sivakumar Chinnadurai
Objective To assess posttonsillectomy hemorrhage (PTH), associated nonoperative readmissions/revisits, and reoperations in children. Data Sources MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Review Methods Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria and extracted key data. Investigators independently assessed study risk of bias and the strength of the evidence of the body of literature. We calculated unadjusted pooled estimates of PTH frequency and conducted a Bayesian meta-analysis to estimate frequency of primary and secondary PTH and PTH-associated reoperation and revisits/readmissions by partial and total tonsillectomy and surgical approach...
January 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093947/comparative-effectiveness-of-partial-versus-total-tonsillectomy-in-children
#9
Nila Sathe, Sivakumar Chinnadurai, Melissa McPheeters, David O Francis
Objective To assess the effectiveness of partial versus total tonsillectomy in children. Data Sources MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library from January 1980 to June 2016. Review Methods Two investigators independently screened studies and extracted data. Investigators independently assessed risk of bias and strength of evidence of the literature. Heterogeneity precluded quantitative analysis. Results In 16 eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs), definitions of "partial" tonsillectomy varied. In addition to comparing partial with total tonsil removal, 11 studies compared surgical techniques (eg, coblation)...
January 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092107/rsv-associated-hospitalizations-in-children-in-karachi-pakistan-implications-for-vaccine-prevention-strategies
#10
Asad Ali, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Rabbia Waris, Fatima Jafri, Fatima Aziz, Imran Naeem Abbasi, Anita Zaidi
Major progress is being made in vaccines against Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), with multiple vaccine candidates currently in the clinical phase of development. Making an investment case for public sector financing of RSV vaccine will require estimation of burden, cost-effectiveness and impact. The aim of this study is to determine the proportion, age distribution and clinical spectrum of RSV associated hospitalizations in children in Karachi, Pakistan. A three years prospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University hospital in Karachi, a city of 20 million in south Pakistan, from August 2009 to June 2012...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089444/health-care-associated-infections-in-neonates-children-and-adolescents-an-analysis-of-paediatric-data-from-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control-point-prevalence-survey
#11
Walter Zingg, Susan Hopkins, Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Alison Holmes, Mike Sharland, Carl Suetens
BACKGROUND: In 2011-12, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) held the first Europe-wide point-prevalence survey of health-care-associated infections in acute care hospitals. We analysed paediatric data from this survey, aiming to calculate the prevalence and type of health-care-associated infections in children and adolescents in Europe and to determine risk factors for infection in this population. METHODS: Point-prevalence surveys took place from May, 2011, to November, 2012, in 1149 hospitals in EU Member States, Iceland, Norway, and Croatia...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088174/feasibility-and-safety-of-dilatational-tracheotomy-using-the-rigid-endoscope-a-multicenter-study
#12
Andreas Nowak, Peter Kern, Sven Koscielny, Taras I Usichenko, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Markus Jungehülsing, Matthias Tittel, Jens Oeken, Eckart Klemm
BACKGROUND: Fiberoptic tracheo-bronchoscopy is the most commonly used procedure for percutaneous dilational tracheotomy (PDT). However, PDT can be associated with major complications, including death. Furthermore it is unclear, whether the tracheal ring fractures may contribute to the development of tracheal stenosis after PDT nor whether tracheal ring fractures can be prevented by using a rigid endoscope for this procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of and the incidence of complications for PDT using the rigid tracheotomy endoscope (TED)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088167/randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-to-assess-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-a-novel-dual-action-oral-topical-formulation-against-upper-respiratory-infections
#13
Pranab K Mukherjee, Frank Esper, Ken Buchheit, Karen Arters, Ina Adkins, Mahmoud A Ghannoum, Robert A Salata
BACKGROUND: Current prevention options for upper respiratory infections (URIs) are not optimal. We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled pilot clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ARMS-I™ (currently marketed as Halo™) in the prevention of URIs. METHODS: ARMS-I is patented novel formulation for the prevention and treatment of influenza, comprising a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent (cetylpyridinium chloride, CPC) and components (glycerin and xanthan gum) that form a barrier on the host mucosa, thus preventing viral contact and invasion...
January 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087754/sore-throat-test-and-treat-a-%C3%A2-34-million-question
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081323/acute-exudative-tonsillitis-in-adults-the-use-of-the-centor-scoreand-some-laboratory-tests
#15
Yavuz Furuncuoğlu, Filiz Sağlam, Ahmet Kutluhan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of our study was to determine the usefulness of the Centor score and some basic laboratory tests (complete blood count and C-reactive protein) for the differential diagnosis of exudative tonsillitis due to Group A β-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) or due to non-GABHS agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients diagnosed with exudative tonsillitis were collected and statistically compared between those having positive GABHS throat culture result and those who were negative for any bacterial agent...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081319/chronic-cough-clinical-characteristics-and-etiologies-of-510-cases
#16
Guiyuan Jiang, Xinying Huang, Tianlin Li, Dongping Xu
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the clinical features and underlying etiologies of chronic cough (CC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred and ten CC patients were enrolled. The phases, characteristics and associated clinical manifestations of CC among the gastroesophageal reflux cough (GERC), cough-variant asthma (CVA), and upper airway cough syndrome (UACS) groups were compared, and the diagnostic values of each group were evaluated by multiple regression analysis...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081260/comparative-genome-sequencing-reveals-within-host-genetic-changes-in-neisseria-meningitidis-during-invasive-disease
#17
Johanna Klughammer, Marcus Dittrich, Jochen Blom, Vera Mitesser, Ulrich Vogel, Matthias Frosch, Alexander Goesmann, Tobias Müller, Christoph Schoen
Some members of the physiological human microbiome occasionally cause life-threatening disease even in immunocompetent individuals. A prime example of such a commensal pathogen is Neisseria meningitidis, which normally resides in the human nasopharynx but is also a leading cause of sepsis and epidemic meningitis. Using N. meningitidis as model organism, we tested the hypothesis that virulence of commensal pathogens is a consequence of within host evolution and selection of invasive variants due to mutations at contingency genes, a mechanism called phase variation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077823/association-of-health-symptoms-with-low-level-exposure-to-organophosphates-dna-damage-ache-activity-and-occupational-knowledge-and-practice-among-rice-corn-and-double-crop-farmers
#18
Surat Hongsibsong, Nalin Sittitoon, Ratana Sapbamrer
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine (1) total dialkylphosphate (ΣDAP) levels, occupational knowledge and practice, DNA damage, AChE activity, and health symptoms in rice, corn, and double-crop farmers; (2) the association of health symptoms with ΣDAP levels, occupational knowledge and practice, DNA damage, and AChE activity in farmers; and (3) the prevalence of health symptoms between farmers and non-farmers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing as well as analyzing urine and blood samples during July to August 2014...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077283/aetiology-of-febrile-pharyngitis-in-children-potential-of-myxovirus-resistance-protein-a-mxa-as-a-biomarker-of-viral-infection
#19
Lauri Ivaska, Jussi Niemelä, Johanna Lempainen, Riikka Österback, Matti Waris, Tytti Vuorinen, Jukka Hytönen, Kaisu Rantakokko-Jalava, Ville Peltola
OBJECTIVES: Besides group A streptococcus (GAS), microbial causes of pharyngitis in children are not well known. We aimed to document the viral and bacterial aetiology of pharyngitis and to assess the pathogenic role of viruses by determining the myxovirus resistance protein A (MxA) in the blood as a marker of interferon response. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, throat swabs and blood samples were collected from children (age 1-16 years) presenting to the emergency department with febrile pharyngitis...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069912/idiosyncratic-drug-induced-neutropenia-agranulocytosis
#20
Emmanuel Andrès, Rachel Mourot-Cottet, Frédéric Maloisel, François Séverac, Olivier Keller, Thomas Vogel, Martine Tebacher, Jean-Christophe Weber, Georges Kaltenbach, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Bernard Goichot, Jean Sibilia, Anne-Sophie Korganow, Raoul Herbrecht
BACKGROUD: Few data is currently available on neutropenia and agranulocytosis related to drug intake. We report here data on 203 patients with established idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis, followed up in a referral centre within a university hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 203 patients with idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis were retrospectively reviewed. All cases were extracted from a cohort study on agranulocytosis in the Strasbourg University Hospital (Strasbourg, France) RESULTS: : The mean age was 61...
January 9, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
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