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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795920/risk-factors-associated-with-neonatal-deaths-a-matched-case-control-study-in-indonesia
#1
Asnawi Abdullah, Krishna Hort, Yuli Butu, Louise Simpson
Background Similar to global trends, neonatal mortality has fallen only slightly in Indonesia over the period 1990-2010, with a high proportion of deaths in the first week of life. Objective This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with neonatal deaths of low and normal birthweight infants that were amenable to health service intervention at a community level in a relatively poor province of Indonesia. Design A matched case-control study of neonatal deaths reported from selected community health centres (puskesmas) was conducted over 10 months in 2013...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783445/donor-milk-or-formula-a-qualitative-study-of-postpartum-mothers-of-healthy-newborns
#2
Laura R Kair, Valerie J Flaherman
BACKGROUND: Many breastfed infants receive supplemental feeds during the birth hospitalization, either by maternal request or due to medical indications. Donor milk from a certified milk bank has become increasingly available and is now used in some settings for term and late preterm infants. No studies have explored maternal opinions about donor milk and formula as options for supplementary feedings. Research aim: This study aimed to explore maternal perceptions about donor milk and formula supplementation and implications for continued breastfeeding...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782502/society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-smfm-consult-series-43-hepatitis-c-in-pregnancy-screening-treatment-and-management
#3
Brenna L Hughes, Charlotte M Page, Jeffrey A Kuller
In the United States, 1-2.5% of pregnant women are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), which carries an approximately 5% risk of transmission from mother to infant. HCV can be transmitted to the infant in utero or during the peripartum period, and infection during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of adverse fetal outcomes, including fetal growth restriction and low birth weight. The purpose of this document is to discuss the current evidence regarding HCV in pregnancy and to provide recommendations on screening, treatment, and management of this disease during pregnancy...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782423/maternal-anaemia-after-delivery-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#4
Carola Medina Garrido, Jaime León, Adriana Romaní Vidal
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of postpartum anaemia and determine the clinical risk factors for this condition to provide a viable alternative to postpartum haemoglobin measurement. In total, 1415 patients at Hospital Universitario del Tajo, Madrid, who underwent postpartum haemoglobin testing were included, and risk factors for having an Hb level <10 g/dl were determined. We found that 29% of the mothers were anaemic, and birth canal lacerations, caesarean delivery, episiotomy and South American origin were identified as the main risk factors for this condition...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766273/pregnancy-effect-on-multiple-sclerosis-treatment-considerations-and-breastfeeding
#5
REVIEW
Rhonda Voskuhl, Callene Momtazee
Multiple sclerosis (MS) commonly affects women in childbearing years making pregnancy issues important for patients with MS and their families. Pregnancy is a naturally occurring disease modifier of MS associated with a 70% reduction in relapse rates in the third trimester. This relapse rate reduction during the last trimester is roughly equal to the most effective disease-modifying treatments for MS. Given this efficacy, various pregnancy factors have been tested to determine which play a part in pregnancy's protection, and some have been translated to completed and ongoing phase II clinical trials...
August 1, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759177/breastfeeding-outcomes-after-oxytocin-use-during-childbirth-an-integrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Elise N Erickson, Cathy L Emeis
INTRODUCTION: Despite widespread use of exogenous synthetic oxytocin during the birth process, few studies have examined the effect of this drug on breastfeeding. Based on neuroscience research, endogenous oxytocin may be altered or manipulated by exogenous administration or by blocking normal function of the hormone or receptor. Women commonly cite insufficient milk production as their reason for early supplementation, jeopardizing breastfeeding goals. Researchers need to consider the role of birth-related medications and interventions on the production of milk...
July 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755494/breastfeeding-is-associated-with-a-decreased-risk-of-childhood-asthma-exacerbations-later-in-life
#7
Fariba Ahmadizar, Susanne J H Vijverberg, Hubertus G M Arets, Anthonius de Boer, Johan Garssen, Aletta D Kraneveld, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding has been suggested to influence the risk of asthma and asthma severity in children. However, the conclusions from epidemiological studies are inconsistent. METHODS: We used data from 960 children (aged 4-12 years) using regular asthma medication who participated in the PACMAN study. Breastfeeding exposure was based on questionnaire data and stratified into: 1) ever versus never, and 2) ≥6 versus <6 months duration of breastfeeding...
July 29, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749705/associations-between-postpartum-depression-breastfeeding-and-oxytocin-levels-in-latina-mothers
#8
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Kathryn McKenney, Arianna Di Florio, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD), often comorbid with anxiety, is the leading medical complication among new mothers. Latinas have elevated risk of PPD, which has been associated with early breastfeeding cessation. Lower plasma oxytocin (OT) levels have also been associated with PPD in non-Latinas. This pilot study explores associations between PPD, anxiety, breastfeeding, and OT in Latinas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four Latinas were enrolled during their third trimester of pregnancy and followed through 8 weeks postpartum...
July 27, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746260/perinatal-hiv-infection-and-exposure-and-their-association-with-dental-caries-in-nigerian-children
#9
Modupe Coker, Samer El-Kamary, Cyril Enwonwu, William Blattner, Patricia Langenberg, Emmanuel Mongodin, Paul Akhigbe, Ozo Obuekwe, Austin Omoigberale, Manhattan Charurat
BACKGROUND: Although HIV infection is associated with well-known oral pathologies, there remains a dearth of comparative studies aimed at determining the association between HIV infection/exposure and early childhood caries. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using a convenience sample of 3 groups of children receiving care at a tertiary care hospital in Nigeria. The groups include HIV infected (HI); HIV exposed but uninfected (HEU); and HIV unexposed and uninfected (HUU) children aged 6 through 72 months...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743251/acceptability-of-lifelong-treatment-among-hiv-positive-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women-option-b-in-selected-health-facilities-in-zimbabwe-a-qualitative-study
#10
Addmore Chadambuka, Leila Katirayi, Auxilia Muchedzi, Esther Tumbare, Reuben Musarandega, Agnes I Mahomva, Godfrey Woelk
BACKGROUND: Zimbabwe's Ministry of Health and Child Care (MOHCC) adopted 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) guidelines recommending initiation of HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women (PPBW) on lifelong antiretroviral treatment (ART) irrespective of clinical stage (Option B+). Option B+ was officially launched in Zimbabwe in November 2013; however the acceptability of life-long ART and its potential uptake among women was not known...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743192/searching-for-evidence-of-an-anti-inflammatory-diet-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-for-pediatric-obesity-interventions-with-a-focus-on-leptin-ghrelin-and-adiponectin
#11
Kimberly A Lewis, Sharon A Brown
PROBLEM: To address the complex phenomenon of pediatric obesity, one must understand the physiological mechanisms regulating energy intake and inflammation. The peptide hormones leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin are involved in both, but their functions are dysregulated in obesity. The purpose of this systematic review is (1) to characterize studies of nutrition interventions for weight management in children who measure these peptides as outcomes, (2) to assess risk of bias in the studies, and (3) to determine the relationships between these peptides and body mass index (BMI)...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723608/breastfeeding-and-the-gut-brain-axis-is-there-a-role-for-melatonin
#12
REVIEW
George Anderson, Cathy Vaillancourt, Michael Maes, Russel J Reiter
The benefits of breastfeeding over formula feed are widely appreciated. However, for many mothers breastfeeding is not possible, highlighting the need for a significant improvement in the contents of formula feed. In this article, the overlooked role of melatonin and the melatonergic pathways in breast milk and in the regulation of wider breast milk components are reviewed. There is a growing appreciation that the benefits of breastfeeding are mediated by its effects in the infant gut, with consequences for the development of the gut-brain axis and the immune system...
July 19, 2017: Biomolecular Concepts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716364/the-influence-of-breastfeeding-in-breast-fed-infants-with-atopic-dermatitis
#13
Hao-Pai Lin, Bor-Luen Chiang, Hsin-Hui Yu, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Li-Chieh Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether breastfeeding should be discontinued for exclusively breast-fed infants with atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: Eighty-seven exclusively breast-fed infants with AD were enrolled in a prospective observational study. The infants were divided into 3 groups: breastfeeding only (BM group), partial breastfeeding and partial partially hydrolyzed whey formula (pHF-W) (Partial group) and pHF-W only (DC group). The extent and severity of AD were evaluated with the Patient-Oriented SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (PO-SCORAD) index at enrollment and 3 and 6 months later...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715533/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-ankyloglossia-in-newborns-and-infants-a-review
#14
Jonathan Walsh, David Tunkel
Importance: The influence of tongue tie, or ankyloglossia, on breastfeeding is the subject of growing debate. Restriction of tongue mobility from the frenulum varies greatly among newborns and infants (hereinafter referred to as infants). Controversies about whether an infant has ankyloglossia and which infants need treatment are evident with wide variations in medical practice and a lack of high-quality clinical studies that provide guidance. Observations: Diagnosis and management of ankyloglossia in infants can be a source of confusion and frustration for clinicians and families...
July 13, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714610/use-of-psychotropic-medications-in-breastfeeding-women
#15
REVIEW
Nirit Kronenfeld, Maya Berlin, Dotan Shaniv, Matitiahu Berkovitch
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding women who are prescribed with psychotropic medications on a regular basis are often concerned, regarding the possible implications of such treatment on the breastfed infant. A mother's well-being has a direct influence on the well-being of the baby. However, the notorious reputation of psychotropic medications may lead to suboptimal prescribing by the physician and poor adherence by the mother. METHODS: A PubMed search (from 1976 through February 2017) was conducted for commonly used psychotropic drug classes, as well as individual medications commonly prescribed in these classes, along with the MeSH terms "breastfeeding"/"lactation"...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714606/treating-depression-during-pregnancy-are-we-asking-the-right-questions
#16
REVIEW
Cara Angelotta, Katherine L Wisner
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common complication of pregnancy. Once the diagnosis of MDD is made, the physician must assist the pregnant woman in developing a treatment plan. METHODS: In considering antidepressants, the benefit of medication treatment for maternal disease control must be balanced against the risk of the drug to the developing embryo-fetus. This is an individualized decision depending on the disease characteristics, likelihood of maternal depression response, probability of adverse fetal effects, and patient characteristics and values...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705179/improving-health-literacy-through-group-antenatal-care-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Jody R Lori, Henrietta Ofosu-Darkwah, Carol J Boyd, Tanima Banerjee, Richard M K Adanu
BACKGROUND: To examine whether exposure to group antenatal care increased women's health literacy by improving their ability to interpret and utilize health messages compared to women who received standard, individual antenatal care in Ghana. METHODS: We used a prospective cohort design. The setting was a busy urban district hospital in Kumasi, the second most populous city in Ghana. Pregnant women (N = 240) presenting for their first antenatal visit between 11 and 14 weeks gestation were offered participation in the study...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704470/mammary-candidiasis-a-medical-condition-without-scientific-evidence
#18
Esther Jiménez, Rebeca Arroyo, Nivia Cárdenas, María Marín, Pilar Serrano, Leonides Fernández, Juan M Rodríguez
Many physicians, midwives and lactation consultants still believe that yeasts (particularly Candida spp.) play an important role as an agent of nipple and breast pain despite the absolute absence of scientific proofs to establish such association. In this context, the objective of this study was to investigate the microorganisms involved in sore nipples and/or painful "shooting" breastfeeding by using a variety of microscopy techniques, as well as culture-dependent and-independent identification methods. Initially, 60 women (30 diagnosed as suffering "mammary candidiasis" and 30 with no painful breastfeeding) were recruited to elucidate the role of their pumps on the milk microbial profiles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682318/impact-of-antidepressant-treatment-during-pregnancy-on-obstetric-outcomes-among-women-previously-treated-for-depression-an-observational-cohort-study
#19
K K Venkatesh, V M Castro, R H Perlis, A J Kaimal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of pharmacologic treatment for depression on obstetric outcomes in women treated for depression during the 2 years prior to pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study among 2859 women treated for depression during the 2 years prior to pregnancy. The primary exposure was any antidepressant treatment during pregnancy. Secondary analyses examined the impact of treatment by period of antidepressant exposure. Multivariable logistic regression models as well as propensity score analysis was utilized...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677883/oral-sucking-habits-among-children-with-down-syndrome-and-cerebral-palsy
#20
Natália Cristina Ruy Carneiro, Luisa Ribeiro Monteiro, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira
AIMS: Identify factors associated with the presence of oral sucking habits among children with Down syndrome (DS) and cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: The sample consisted of 181 children with DS or CP from two public healthcare institutions that treat children with special needs in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The children's mothers answered a questionnaire about the individual and behavioral characteristics and the medical history of their children. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais...
July 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
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