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Medication in breastfeeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329386/the-role-of-service-readiness-and-health-care-facility-factors-in-attrition-from-option-b-in-haiti-a-joint-examination-of-electronic-medical-records-and-service-provision-assessment-survey-data
#1
Lauren Lipira, Christopher Kemp, Jean Wysler Domercant, Jean Guy Honoré, Kesner Francois, Nancy Puttkammer
Background: Option B+ is a strategy wherein pregnant or breastfeeding women with HIV are enrolled in lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. In Haiti, attrition from Option B+ is problematic and variable across health care facilities. This study explores service readiness and other facility factors as predictors of Option B+ attrition in Haiti. Methods: This analysis used longitudinal data from 2012 to 2014 from the iSanté electronic medical record system and cross-sectional data from Haiti's 2013 Service Provision Assessment...
January 10, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324188/-i-m-doing-the-best-that-i-can-for-her-infant-feeding-decisions-of-mothers-receiving-medication-assisted-treatment-for-an-opioid-use-disorder
#2
Kelly S McGlothen, Lisa M Cleveland, Sara L Gill
BACKGROUND: Several professional health organizations have made statements endorsing the safety of breastfeeding for women taking medication-assisted treatment for an opioid use disorder. Yet, breastfeeding initiation rates for this population are approximately 50% lower than the general United States' population. Furthermore, little is known about what influences the infant-feeding decisions of these women. Research aim: This study aimed to describe what influences the infant-feeding decisions of women taking medication-assisted treatment for an opioid use disorder...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322856/perforation-risk-and-intra-uterine-devices-results-of-the-euras-iud-5-year-extension-study
#3
Clare Barnett, Sabine Moehner, Thai Do Minh, Klaas Heinemann
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to identify intra-uterine devices (IUD) perforations detected from 12 to 60 months following IUD insertion, and to combine this information with (our previously published) data about perforations detected in the first 12 months to calculate cumulative perforation rates. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Prospective, non-interventional cohort study with new users of levonorgestrel-releasing intra-uterine systems (LNG-IUS) and copper-IUD...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304013/breastfeeding-determinants-in-healthy-term-newborns
#4
Lorenzo Colombo, Beatrice Letizia Crippa, Dario Consonni, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Viola Agosti, Giulia Mangino, Elena Nicoletta Bezze, Paola Agnese Mauri, Lidia Zanotta, Paola Roggero, Laura Plevani, Donatella Bertoli, Maria Lorella Giannì, Fabio Mosca
Breastfeeding is the normative standard for infant feeding. Despite its established benefits, different factors can affect breastfeeding rates over time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding determinants in healthy term newborns during the first three months of life. A prospective, observational, single-center study was conducted in the nursery of Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico in Milan, Italy. The mother-baby dyads that were admitted to the Clinic in January and February 2017 were enrolled...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299430/the-effect-of-saqez-pistacia-atlantica-ointment-on-nipple-fissure-improvement-in-breastfeeding-women-during-one-month-follow-up
#5
Nayereh As'adi, Nourossadat Kariman, Faraz Mojab, Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi
Objective: Painful nipple fissure is a troublesome problem for breastfeeding mothers. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of saqez (Pistacia atlantica) ointment on the improvement of nipple fissure in breastfeeding women during one-month follow-up. Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 100 eligible women who visited the selected health centers affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, from July 2015 to December 2015 during their postpartum period...
November 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289968/screening-for-maternal-postpartum-depression-and-associationswith-personality-traits-and-social-support-a-polish-follow-upstudy-4-weeks-and-3-months-after-delivery
#6
Karolina Maliszewska, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Mariola Bidzan, Preis Krzysztof
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the likelihood of postpartum depression and to explore maternal characteristics in terms of personality, social support and other medical and psychological data. METHODS: A sample of 548 patients was investigated 4 weeks and 3 months after delivery. They responded to questionnaires containing sociodemographic questions: the EPDS (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), theNEO-FFI (Personality Inventory), and the BSSS (Berlin Social Support Scales)...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284716/burden-of-early-term-birth-on-adverse-infant-outcomes-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-brazil
#7
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elisabeth Moreira, Mariza Theme-Filha, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the national rate of early-term live births in Brazil and to evaluate the effect of birth at 37 and 38 weeks' gestation, as compared with 39 and 40 weeks' gestation on infant outcomes according to precursors of birth and the existence of maternal/fetal medical conditions. DESIGN: National perinatal population-based cohort study. SETTING: 266 maternity services located in the five Brazilian macroregions. PARTICIPANTS: 18 652 singleton live newborns from 37 0/7 to 40 6/7 weeks of gestation...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274831/preoperative-cesarean-section-intravenous-acetaminophen-treatment-for-postoperative-pain-control-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-control-trial
#8
Craig V Towers, Sarah Shelton, Jaclyn van Nes, Emily Gregory, Emily Liske, Arion Smalley, Edward Mobley, Barbara Faircloth, Kim B Fortner
BACKGROUND: The United States currently has an opioid use disorder epidemic and research evaluating ways to minimize the use of opioids post-surgery are needed. One of these options is intravenous (IV) acetaminophen. If the use of preoperative IV acetaminophen was found to be effective for cesarean delivery, this would be beneficial for both the mother and breastfeeding neonate. OBJECTIVE: The primary study objective was to see if maternal opioid use was significantly less in the postoperative period for the study group that received 1 gram of IV acetaminophen preoperatively compared with a control group that received placebo...
December 21, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274567/is-there-consensus-across-international-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-psychotropic-drug-management-of-bipolar-disorder-during-the-perinatal-period
#9
REVIEW
Rebecca K Graham, Gabriela Tavella, Gordon B Parker
BACKGROUND: Clinicians treating a patient with bipolar disorder who is pregnant or breastfeeding may seek advice from bipolar management guidelines that provide recommendations for perinatal treatment. We examine the consistency of such recommendations across several evidence-based guidelines. METHODS: A literature search in the National Guideline Clearinghouse, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PsycInfo and PubMed was undertaken using the search terms "bipolar disorder" and "guidelines," which generated 11 sets of evidence-based guidelines published by professional organizations during the 2005-2015 period...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258800/why-does-the-need-for-medication-become-a-barrier-to-breastfeeding-a-narrative-review
#10
Alyson K McClatchey, Alison Shield, Lynn H Cheong, Sally L Ferguson, Gabrielle M Cooper, Gregory J Kyle
PROBLEM: The need for medication during lactation can contribute to the early cessation of breastfeeding. BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding women may require medication for acute or chronic health conditions. For some women this need for medication can become a barrier to breastfeeding; this is despite the fact that the majority of medications are considered to be compatible with lactation. AIM: This narrative review aims to investigate factors relating to medicines safety that could contribute to medication unnecessarily becoming a barrier to breastfeeding...
December 16, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246382/promote-breastfeeding-in-the-outpatient-setting-it-s-easy
#11
Natasha K Sriraman
The numerous benefits for both mother and baby of breastfeeding are evidence-based and well-defined. Breastmilk is the physiologic norm for infant nutrition, offering multiple health benefits and protections for mothers and babies. Although major medical and health organizations, which represent the health of women and children, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), American Academy of Family Practice (AAFP), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Public Health Service (NPHS), all recommend exclusive breastfeeding, few women meet the recommended goals for duration and exclusivity, despite high initiation rates...
December 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240452/breastfeeding-peer-support-program-increases-breastfeeding-duration-rates-among-middle-to-high-income-women
#12
Alena Clark, Susan S Baker, Kathryn McGirr, Mary Harris
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that women with low socioeconomic status and lack of breastfeeding support often breastfeed for shorter durations. Little research has been done on the effects of a breastfeeding peer support program for women from middle- to high-socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to determine whether a breastfeeding peer support program would increase breastfeeding duration rates among middle- to high-socioeconomic status women...
December 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237397/parental-occupations-educational-levels-and-income-and-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-3-year-old-japanese-children
#13
Hiromasa Kato, Keiko Tanaka, Ken Shimizu, Chisato Nagata, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa, Yoshihiro Miyake
BACKGROUND: Most studies have investigated the association between parental socioeconomic factors and dental caries in children based on educational and income levels; studies focusing on parental occupation, however, have been relatively limited. This cross-sectional study examined the associations between parental occupations and levels of education and household income and the prevalence of dental caries in Japanese children aged 3 years. METHODS: Study subjects were 6315 children...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237011/back-to-bed-from-hospital-to-home-obstetrics-in-the-city-of-chicago
#14
Wendy Kline
This article analyzes the role of doctors and activists in Chicago who successfully redefined the practice and politics of childbirth both locally and ultimately nationwide. It begins with the story of Joseph DeLee's Chicago Maternity Center, responsible for supervising over 100,000 home births between 1932 and 1972. Most of the mothers cared for by the Center were nonwhite, poor, and had little or no access to prenatal care, yet their babies had a far higher survival rate than the nationwide average. Thousands of medical students from all over the Midwest experienced their first deliveries not in hospitals, but in these homes...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233074/-you-have-to-take-action-changing-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-newborn-care-practices-during-crisis-in-south-sudan
#15
Samira Sami, Kate Kerber, Barbara Tomczyk, Ribka Amsalu, Debra Jackson, Elaine Scudder, Alexander Dimiti, Janet Meyers, Kemish Kenneth, Solomon Kenyi, Caitlin E Kennedy, Kweku Ackom, Luke C Mullany
Highest rates of neonatal mortality occur in countries that have recently experienced conflict. International Medical Corps implemented a package of newborn interventions in June 2016, based on the Newborn health in humanitarian settings: field guide, targeting community- and facility-based health workers in displaced person camps in South Sudan. We describe health workers' knowledge and attitudes toward newborn health interventions, before and after receiving clinical training and supplies, and recommend dissemination strategies for improved uptake of newborn guidelines during crises...
November 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230957/an-implementation-algorithm-to-improve-skin-to-skin-practice-in-the-first-hour-after-birth
#16
Kajsa Brimdyr, Karin Cadwell, Jeni Stevens, Yuki Takahashi
Evidence supporting the practice of skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding soon after birth points to physiologic, social, and psychological benefits for both mother and baby. The 2009 revision of Step 4 of the WHO/UNICEF "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" elaborated on the practice of skin-to-skin contact between the mother and her newly born baby indicating that the practice should be "immediate" and "without separation" unless documented medically justifiable reasons for delayed contact or interruption exist...
December 12, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227860/respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-brazilian-infants-ten-years-two-cohorts
#17
Elinara Wollmeister, Alfonso Eduardo Alvarez, Juliana Cristina Santiago Bastos, Fernando Augusto Lima Marson, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Emílio Carlos Elias Baracat, Clarice Weis Arns, Adriana Gut Lopes Riccetto
BACKGROUND: Each year, a considerable amount of children will experience at least one episode of acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB) during their first year of life. About 10% of them will be hospitalized, with significant physical and economic burdens. OBJECTIVES: To compare two cohorts of infants with AVB, from same region, in a ten-year interval, regarding epidemiologic factors and viral etiology. STUDY DESIGN: Cohorts: 142 (2004) and 172 (2014) infants at ages zero to 12 months; clinical diagnosis of AVB; medical care in hospital and genetic screening of nasopharyngeal secretion for respiratory viruses...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223208/implementing-evidence-based-neonatal-skin-care-with-parent-performed-delayed-immersion-baths
#18
Jeanette Brogan, Gloria Rapkin
There has been a recent trend toward delaying newborn baths because of mounting evidence that delayed bathing promotes breastfeeding, decreases hypothermia, and allows for more parental involvement with newborn care. A multidisciplinary team from a maternal-new-born unit at a military medical center designed and implemented an evidence-based practice change from infant sponge baths shortly after birth to delayed immersion baths. An analysis of newborn temperature data showed that newborns who received delayed immersion baths were less likely to be hypothermic than those who received a sponge bath shortly after birth...
December 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211544/feeding-practices-at-discharge-in-very-preterm-infants-neonatal-intensive-care-units-make-the-difference
#19
Carina Rodrigues, Milton Severo, Jennifer Zeitlin, Henrique Barros
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) on feeding practices at discharge of Portuguese very preterm infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from 580 very preterm infants (<32 gestational weeks) discharged home from NICUs of two Portuguese regions and enrolled during 2011-2012 in Effective Perinatal Intensive Care in Europe population-based cohort. Maternal and infant characteristics were abstracted from medical records, and heads of NICUs provided the units characteristics...
December 6, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208874/status-of-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-in-neonatal-units
#20
K Akhtar, S Khatoon, S Kabir, Q E Elahi, S Nahar, F Ahamed
Neonatal unit is more vulnerable and critical ward than any others. To assure breastfeeding in neonatal unit is one of the ways to reduce child morbidity and mortality. Baby friendly hospital initiative is the best method in hospital setting to assure breastfeeding. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from July 2014 to December 2014 to find out the Status of Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) in neonatal unit of different public hospitals. The study area was consisting of several tertiary level hospitals in Dhaka city...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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