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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342623/mother-newborn-health-indicators-in-possible-victims-of-gender-based-violence-during-pregnancy
#1
Juan Miguel Martínez-Galiano
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy increases the risk of gender-based violence, considered an underdiagnosed public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the situation of possible gender-based violence in the pregnant woman and variables related to pregnancy, labor, puerperium, and newborn health. DESIGN: An observational multicenter study. SETTINGS: Three Spanish hospitals during 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 141 pregnant women in which information is collected sociodemographic variables and data related to pregnancy, labor, and puerperium were gathered by interview and from clinical records...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338750/association-of-maternal-plasma-folate-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-pregnancy-with-elevated-blood-pressure-of-offspring-in-childhood
#2
Hongjian Wang, Noel T Mueller, Jianping Li, Ninglin Sun, Yong Huo, Fazheng Ren, Xiaobin Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood elevated blood pressure (BP) has increased in the United States, particularly among African Americans. The influence of maternal plasma folate levels, alone or in combination with maternal cardiometabolic risk factors (hypertensive disorders, diabetes, and prepregnancy obesity), on child systolic BP (SBP) has not been examined in a prospective birth cohort. We hypothesize that adequate maternal folate levels can reduce the risk of elevated SBP in children born to mothers with cardiometabolic risk factors...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338027/molar-incisor-hypomineralisation
#3
Greig D Taylor
Data sourcesThe Medline and Embase databases and hand searches in the journals International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry and European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry.Study selectionEnglish language cohort and case-control studies.Data extraction and synthesisStudy selection was carried out independently by two reviewers with data abstraction being conducted by a single reviewer and checked by a second reviewer. Risk of bias was assessed using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Adjusted (aOR) and unadjusted odds ratios (uOR), P-values and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained from the studies...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319813/the-clinical-implications-of-legalizing-marijuana-are-physician-and-non-physician-providers-prepared
#4
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294631/abm-clinical-protocol-3-supplementary-feedings-in-the-healthy-term-breastfed-neonate-revised-2017
#5
Ann Kellams, Cadey Harrel, Stephanie Omage, Carrie Gregory, Casey Rosen-Carole
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as standards of medical care. Variations in treatment may be appropriate according to the needs of an individual patient.
March 15, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284877/midwifery-continuity-of-carer-in-an-area-of-high-socio-economic-disadvantage-in-london-a-retrospective-analysis-of-albany-midwifery-practice-outcomes-using-routine-data-1997-2009
#6
Caroline Se Homer, Nicky Leap, Nadine Edwards, Jane Sandall
OBJECTIVE: in 1997, The Albany Midwifery Practice was established within King's College Hospital NHS Trust in a South East London area of high social disadvantage. The Albany midwives provided continuity of care to around 216 women per year, including those with obstetric, medical or social risk factors. In 2009, the Albany Midwifery Practice was closed in response to concerns about safety, amidst much publicity and controversy. The aim of this evaluation was to examine trends and outcomes for all mothers and babies who received care from the practice from 1997-2009...
February 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276580/counselling-regarding-paternal-exposures-can-we-do-better
#7
Helen Elizabeth Ritchie, Diana Joy Oakes, Elizabeth Hegedus, Majella Hill, Debra Kennedy
BACKGROUND: MotherSafe is a free telephone-based counselling service for the general public and healthcare providers concerned about exposures during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Calls relating to paternal exposures are less common, but can cause distress to the person concerned. This review seeks to identify the key concerns and what information is available to address these concerns. AIMS: To review calls made to MotherSafe about paternal exposures to teratogens during the 16 year period, 2000-2015, and to document any patterns or changes in calls over the period...
March 9, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255932/developmental-defects-of-enamel-in-first-permanent-molars-associated-with-use-of-asthma-drugs-in-preschool-aged-children-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#8
A Mastora, G Vadiakas, A Agouropoulos, P Gartagani-Panagiotopoulou, V Gemou Engesaeth
AIM: To investigate the association between the occurrences of developmental defects of enamel (DDE), in first permanent molars, and bronchodilators and/or corticosteroid intake for asthma-like episodic treatment at preschool age, in 6-12 year old children. METHODS: Children of the case group (n = 70) were followed in the Paediatric Pulmonary Unit and the Unit of Allergology, Asthma and Inflammation at 'Aghia Sofia' Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece and had used asthma drugs during their first 4 years of life...
March 2, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238320/-oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labour-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-text
#9
C Dupont, M Carayol, C Le Ray, C Barasinski, R Beranger, A Burguet, A Chantry, C Chiesa, B Coulm, A Evrard, C Fischer, L Gaucher, C Guillou, F Leroy, E Phan, A Rousseau, V Tessier, F Vendittelli, C Deneux-Tharaux, D Riethmuller
OBJECTIVES: To define the different stages of spontaneous labour. To determine the indications, modalities of use and the effects of administering synthetic oxytocin. And to describe undesirable maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with the use of synthetic oxytocin. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out by searching Medline database and websites of obstetrics learned societies until March 2016. RESULTS: The 1st stage of labor is divided in a latence phase and an active phase, which switch at 5cm of cervical dilatation...
January 2017: Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229097/pediatric-hypovitaminosis-d-molecular-perspectives-and-clinical-implications
#10
Rafiu Ariganjoye
Vitamin D, a secosteroid, is essential for the development and maintenance of healthy bone in both the adult and pediatric populations. Low level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-(OH)-D) is highly prevalent in children worldwide and has been linked to various adverse health outcomes including rickets, osteomalacia, osteomalacic myopathy, sarcopenia, and weakness, growth retardation, hypocalcemia, seizure and tetany, autism, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancers (prostate, colon, breast), infectious diseases (viral, tuberculosis), and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210286/bilastine-in-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-and-urticaria-a-practical-approach-to-treatment-decisions-based-on-queries-received-by-the-medical-information-department
#11
REVIEW
Amalia Leceta, Ander Sologuren, Román Valiente, Cristina Campo, Luis Labeaga
BACKGROUND: Bilastine is a safe and effective commonly prescribed non-sedating H1-antihistamine approved for symptomatic treatment in patients with allergic disorders such as rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria. It was evaluated in many patients throughout the clinical development required for its approval, but clinical trials generally exclude many patients who will benefit in everyday clinical practice (especially those with coexisting diseases and/or being treated with concomitant drugs)...
2017: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208965/long-term-outcomes-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
Sunil Gavhane, Deepak Eklare, Haseeb Mohammad
INTRODUCTION: Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) has been gaining acceptance as an effective alternative to incubator based Conventional Medical Care (CMC) in preterm or Low Birth Weight (LBW) infants especially in resource scarce developing countries. AIM: To report and analyse the long-term effects of KMC for relatively stable Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants on nutritional indicators and feeding conditions at 6-12 months of corrected age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was done at a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of a teaching institution in southern India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#13
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196298/human-to-human-transmission-of-brucella-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Felipe F Tuon, Regina B Gondolfo, Natacha Cerchiari
OBJECTIVE: The most common form of transmitting human brucellosis is through contaminated food or direct contact with infected animals. Human-to-human transmission (HHT) has been described as isolated case reports. The aim of this systematic review was to describe all cases of HHT of human brucellosis reported in the medical literature. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, Scopus and Scielo databases using specific search terms published until March 2016...
February 14, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194635/using-the-slug-mucosal-irritation-assay-to-investigate-the-tolerability-of-tablet-excipients-on-human-skin-in-the-context-of-the-use-of-a-nipple-shield-delivery-system
#15
Richard Kendall, Joke Lenoir, Stephen Gerrard, Rebekah L Scheuerle, Nigel K H Slater, Catherine Tuleu
PURPOSE: Neonates are particularly challenging to treat. A novel patented drug delivery device containing a rapidly disintegrating tablet held within a modified nipple shield (NSDS) was designed to deliver medication to infants during breastfeeding. However concerns exist around dermatological nipple tolerability with no pharmaceutical safety assessment guidance to study local tissue tolerance of the nipple and the areola. This is the first Slug Mucosal Irritation (SMI) study to evaluate irritancy potential of GRAS excipients commonly used to manufacture rapidly disintegrating immediate release solid oral dosage form METHODS: Zinc sulphate selected as the antidiarrheal model drug that reduces infant mortality, was blended with functional excipients at traditional levels [microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate]...
February 13, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181180/managing-ibd-therapies-in-pregnancy
#16
REVIEW
Jill K J Gaidos, Sunanda V Kane
Inflammatory bowel disease is frequently diagnosed before or during key childbearing years. One of the most important factors for a healthy pregnancy is having quiescent disease prior to conception and maintaining disease remission for the duration of the pregnancy. In order to achieve that, most women will need to continue their inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment during pregnancy. One of the main concerns these women have is whether these medications will have adverse effects on their growing fetus...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142040/bmi-reproductive-factors-and-breast-cancer-molecular-subtypes-a-case-control-study-and-meta-analysis
#17
Hui Li, Xuezheng Sun, Erline Miller, Qiong Wang, Ping Tao, Li Liu, Ying Zhao, Mengjie Wang, Yana Qi, Jiayuan Li
BACKGROUND: The effects of body mass index (BMI) and reproductive factors may vary among breast cancer molecular subtypes, evidence of which is lacking in East Asia. METHODS: From 2002 to 2010, 1256 breast cancer patients and 1416 healthy women were recruited. Anthropometric and reproductive factors were collected from medical charts. Breast cancer subtype was defined by ER, PR, and HER2 status. Polytomous logistic regression was used to evaluate associations between risk factors and breast cancer subtypes, with subgroup analysis by menopausal status...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135112/abm-clinical-protocol-27-breastfeeding-an-infant-or-young-child-with-insulin-dependent-diabetes
#18
Diana Miller, Leena Mamilly, Shannon Fourtner, Casey Rosen-Carole
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as standards of medical care. Variations in treatment may be appropriate according to the needs of an individual patient.
March 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129701/how-gender-affects-the-pharmacotherapeutic-approach-to-treating-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Bettina Lange, Juliane K Mueller, F Markus Leweke, J Malte Bumb
The effectiveness, effective dosages and side effect profiles of antipsychotic medication differ significantly between the sexes. Areas covered: We present a systematic review of gender-differences in the treatment of psychosis focusing on randomized, controlled trials and meta-analyses. Expert opinion: Despite many years of research, the database on gender-differences affecting the pharmacotherapeutic approach to treating psychosis is insufficient. Currently, the US National Institute of Health encouraged the enrolment of female participants in federally supported phase III clinical trials to increase the data available of female patients...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110518/low-rates-of-predominant-breastfeeding-in-hospital-after-gestational-diabetes-particularly-among-indigenous-women-in-australia
#20
Catherine R Chamberlain, Alyce N Wilson, Lisa H Amir, Kerin O'Dea, Sandra Campbell, Dympna Leonard, Rebecca Ritte, Mary Mulcahy, Sandra Eades, Rory Wolfe
OBJECTIVES: To investigate rates of 'any' and 'predominant' breastfeeding in hospital among Indigenous and non-Indigenous women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A retrospective study of singleton infants born from July 2007 to December 2010 at Cairns Hospital, Australia, following GDM pregnancy, using linked hospital and birth data (n=617 infants), with a subsample of medical record reviews (n=365 infants). Aggregate data were used to compare to breastfeeding rates among infants born following non-GDM pregnancy (n=7,894 infants)...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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