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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646501/progressive-aortic-root-dilatation-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients
#1
Shagun Sachdeva, Liyun Zhang, Pippa Simpson, Peter C Frommelt
BACKGROUND: To determine prevalence, clinical implication, and risk factors for aortic root dilation (ARD) in pediatric heart transplant recipients. METHODS: Serial echocardiograms were reviewed in all pediatric heart transplant recipients from 1999 to 2014 to assess maximal systolic diameter at the aortic annulus, aortic sinus, aortic sino-tubular (ST) junction, and ascending aorta. ARD was defined by a sinus/annulus ratio >1.56, ST junction/annulus ratio >1...
June 23, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646364/sinonasal-malignancies-incidence-and-histological-distribution-in-jamaica-1973-2007
#2
Tracey N Gibson, Dawn P McNaughton, Barrie Hanchard
PURPOSE: To determine the histological distribution and trends in incidence of sinonasal malignancies in Jamaica. METHODS: Cases of all sinonasal malignancies diagnosed between 1973 and 2007 were extracted from the archives of the Jamaica Cancer Registry. Data recorded for each case included age at diagnosis, sex, year of diagnosis, topography, and histology. Data were used to calculate frequencies, age-specific incidence rates, and age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs)...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645923/the-connection-between-acute-otitis-media-and-the-acute-abdomen
#3
Imran Masood, Tami Hendriksz
A female aged 9 years with a recent episode of acute otitis media (AOM) presented to her primary care physician with complaints of severe abdominal pain with right lower quadrant rebound tenderness, suggestive of an acute surgical abdomen. Neurological examination was normal on presentation. She was transferred to the local children's hospital for workup of appendicitis, during which she began exhibiting ataxia and slurred speech. Further evaluation revealed mastoiditis, venous sinus thrombosis and subdural empyema...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645669/multidisciplinary-approach-to-oral-rehabilitation-with-dental-implants-after-gunshot-injury-a-clinical-report
#4
Lélis Gustavo Nícoli, Suzane Cristina Pigossi, Raphael Ferreira de Souza Bezerra Araújo, Cláudio Marcantonio, Élcio Marcantonio, Élcio Marcantonio
This clinical report describes a multidisciplinary approach to treat a patient with edentulism and a severe anatomic defect in the mandible caused by a gunshot injury by using an implant-fixed complete dental prosthesis. An immediate loading interim implant-fixed complete dental prosthesis in the mandible associated with a maxillary removable complete denture prosthesis was initially provided to restore the intermaxillary relation. Nasal floor elevation and maxillary sinus augmentation were subsequently performed to increase the maxillary bone volume...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645591/surgical-repair-of-iatrogenic-transverse-sigmoid-sinus-laceration-with-a-dural-flap-during-skull-base-tumor-surgery-a-technical-case-report
#5
Gerald S Oh, Gregory D Arnone, Hussam Abou-Al-Shaar, Ashley L Barks, Andrew Wong, Fady T Charbel
BACKGROUND: Injury to cerebral venous sinuses during craniotomy procedures can cause significant blood loss or venous air embolism potentially leading to serious morbidity or mortality. When iatrogenic sinus injuries occur, it is essential to promptly obtain hemostasis and repair the sinus defect. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors report a 43-year-old female that sustained a transverse-sigmoid sinus injury during a retrosigmoid craniotomy for resection of a cerebellopontine angle meningioma...
June 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645590/endoscopic-supracerebellar-transtentorial-approach-to-the-atrium-of-the-lateral-ventricle-preliminary-surgical-and-optical-considerations
#6
Tao Xie, Linjun Zhou, Xiaobiao Zhang, Wei Sun, Hailin Ding, Tengfei Liu, Ye Gu, Chongjing Sun, Fan Hu, Wei Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To report the operative techniques of the endoscopic supracerebellar transtentorial approach (ESTA) to the atrium of the lateral ventricle, especially focusing on the role of the endoscope and analyzing optically related issues. METHODS: A retrospective data review was performed on five patients with lesions in the atrium of the lateral ventricle undergoing the ESTA. The patients were positioned in the three-quarters prone position, and a paramidline linear incision was used...
June 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645586/venous-sinus-stenting-in-the-management-of-patients-with-intracranial-hypertension-manifesting-with-skull-base-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks
#7
Rajiv R Iyer, David Solomon, Abhay Moghekar, C Rory Goodwin, Charles M Stewart, Masaru Ishii, Philippe Gailloud, Gary L Gallia
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with skull base cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are found to have elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). In these patients, elevated ICP is thought to contribute to both the pathophysiology of the leak as well as postoperative leak recurrences. Current strategies for post-operative ICP control include medical therapy and shunting procedures. The aim of this study is to report the use of venous sinus stenting (VSS) in the management of patients with skull base CSF leaks due to elevated ICP...
June 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645513/atrial-fibrillation-current-therapies
#8
REVIEW
Romain Pariaut
A rate control or a rhythm control strategy can be applied to the management of atrial fibrillation. Rate control of atrial fibrillation consists of decreasing the ventricular response rate by limiting the number of supraventricular impulses that can travel through the atrioventricular node. The goal of decreasing heart rate in dogs with atrial fibrillation is usually achieved with a combination of the calcium channel blocker diltiazem and digoxin. Rhythm control of atrial fibrillation encompasses pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic methods to terminate the arrhythmia and restore sinus rhythm...
June 20, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645472/bradycardia-syncope-and-left-ventricular-noncompaction-cardiomyopathy
#9
D Luke Glancy, Frederick R Helmcke, Allen P Hoang
A 55-year-old man with syncopal episodes was found to have sinus bradycardia at a rate of 37 beats/min, an episode of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, and left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy. After placement of a dual-chamber cardioverter defibrillator 4 years ago, he has had no further syncopal episodes, and there have been no defibrillator shocks.
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645157/secretory-iga-response-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-the-upper-airways-and-the-link-with-chronic-lung-infection-in-cystic-fibrosis
#10
Renan Mauch, Claudio Rossi, Talita Aiello, José Ribeiro, Antonio Ribeiro, Niels Høiby, Carlos Levy
We assessed the diagnostic ability of an ELISA test for measurement of specific secretory IgA (sIgA) in saliva to identify Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients with P. aeruginosa chronic lung infection and intermittent lung colonization. A total of 102 Brazilian CF patients and 53 healthy controls were included. Specific serum IgG response was used as a surrogate to distinguish CF patients according to their P. aeruginosa colonization/infection status. The rate of sIgA positivity was 87.1% in CF chronically infected patients (Median value = 181...
June 22, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644585/a-cost-minimisation-analysis-of-noacs-compared-to-warfarin-to-attain-therapeutic-anticoagulation-amongst-af-patients-pre-and-post-cardioversion
#11
M O'Shea, A Murphy, A Kirby, G Allen, S O'Shea, R Curtin
Atrial fibrillation can be managed with anticoagulation and restoration of normal sinus rhythm using direct current cardioversion (DCCV). To reduce the risk of thromboembolism, anticoagulation pre-and-post DCCV is recommended. This study investigates the cost effectiveness of using NOACs compared to warfarin to attain therapeutic anticoagulation amongst AF patients pre-and-post DCCV. Propensity score matching revealed no statistically significant difference in outcomes from using NOACs and Warfarin. A cost minimisation study was performed; demonstrating a cost differential of €209 between those administered NOACs and warfarin pre- and post-DCCV...
December 12, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644556/sinus-augmentation-using-a-mini-pig-model-effect-of-ceramic-and-allogeneic-bone-biomaterials
#12
Cristiano Susin, Tiago Fiorini, Jaebum Lee, Rubens Moreno de Freitas, Hsien-Chung Chiu, Hari S Prasad, Amanda N Buxton, Ulf Me Wikesjö
BACKGROUND: Present clinical practice broadly relies on off-the-shelf allogeneic, xenogeneic or synthetic bone biomaterials in support of sinus augmentation. Also, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 in an absorbable collagen sponge carrier (rhBMP-2/ACS) has been shown to support clinically relevant bone formation when used to augment the maxillary sinus. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate local bone formation/dental implant osseointegration following implantation of two particulate bone biomaterials using the mini-pig sinus augmentation model...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644544/the-frontal-peak-sign-a-potential-new-indication-of-open-approach-in-frontal-sinus-mucoceles-with-posterior-table-erosion-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-thirty-seven-patients
#13
Emilie Béquignon, Jean-Philippe Blancal, Jean-Pierre Guichard, Katell Ruellan, Romain Kania, Elisabeth Sauvaget, Damien Bresson, Philippe Herman, Benjamin Verillaud
To date, most frontal mucoceles are treated endoscopically, provided that there is no major neo-osteogenesis and that the frontal sinus floor is wide enough to provide an adequate working space: the presence of a sinus wall dehiscence is not considered as a contraindication to an endoscopic approach. We report on a series of 37 patients presenting with frontal sinus mucoceles with posterior table erosion. Thirty-three (89.2%) had minimal erosion and/or a limited protrusion of the mucocele within the anterior cranial fossa on CT-scan, and were successfully operated on through an endoscopic approach...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644224/sick-sinus-syndrome
#14
Lendell Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644155/transvenous-before-surgical-hybrid-procedure
#15
Joseph J Tiano, Robert Drennan, John Novella, Rafael Squiteri, Malcolm Robinson, Albert DiMeo, Lindsey Scierka, Paul LeLorier
BACKGROUND: Historically, persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF) and long standing persistent atrial fibrillation (LSPeAF) have demonstrated limited clinical success despite hybrid approaches. OBJECTIVE: We describe our experience with the endocardial-before-epicardial approach defined by a comprehensive endovascular approach preceding and guiding the epicardial approach which includes an extensive posterior wall ablation. METHODS: 40 patients were followed over a 12 month period...
May 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643960/asymptomatic-subcutaneous-cervical-mass-due-to-actinomyces-odontolyticus-infection-in-a-pyriform-sinus-fistula
#16
Ryu Yanagisawa, Kisei Minami, Noriko Kubota, Tamaki Iwade, Yoshifumi Ogiso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643340/trans-endoscopic-diode-laser-fenestration-of-equine-conchae-via-contralateral-nostril-approach
#17
Filip Kološ, Štěpán Bodeček, Zdeněk Žert
OBJECTIVE: To describe and report preliminary outcomes of a contralateral trans-nasal endoscopic laser fenestration of the conchae for endoscopic examination and treatment of paranasal sinuses in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric experimental and prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Normal cadaveric equine heads (n = 7) and equine patients (horses n = 7, donkey n = 1) diagnosed with sinusitis. METHODS: Ex vivo: a video-endoscope containing a diode laser fiber in the working canal was passed through the nostril and retroflexed in the nasopharynx toward the contralateral conchae...
June 23, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643171/elimination-of-the-negative-component-of-the-unipolar-electrogram-as-a-local-procedural-endpoint-during-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-catheter-ablation-using-contact-force-sensing-the-uniforce-study
#18
Agustín Bortone, Philippe Lagrange, Bruno Cauchemez, Cyril Durand, Pierre Dieuzaide, Sébastien Prévot, Alexis Mechulan, Thomas Pambrun, Ruairidh Martin, Pauline Parlier, Alexandre Masse, Eloi Marijon, Jean-Paul Albenque
PURPOSE: Elimination of the negative component of the unipolar atrial electrogram is a reliable indicator of the creation of a transmural lesion. Contact-force (CF) sensing technology has the potential to increase the durability of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). In the present multicenter study, we assessed the 2-year sinus rhythm (SR) maintenance rate in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) after PVI guided by these two approaches. METHODS: Two hundred fifteen consecutive PAF patients (62...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643041/skull-fracture-with-effacement-of-the-superior-sagittal-sinus-following-drone-impact-a-case-report
#19
Lawrance K Chung, Yuri Cheung, Carlito Lagman, Nicholas Au Yong, Duncan Q McBride, Isaac Yang
BACKGROUND: The popularity of unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, raises safety concerns as they become increasingly common for commercial, personal, and recreational use. Collisions between drones and people may result in serious injuries. CASE REPORT: A 13-year-old male presented with a comminuted depressed skull fracture causing effacement of the superior sagittal sinus secondary to a racing drone impact. The patient experienced a brief loss of consciousness and reported lower extremity numbness and weakness after the accident...
June 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642714/comparative-effectiveness-of-acupuncture-and-antiarrhythmic-drugs-for-the-prevention-of-cardiac-arrhythmias-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Yanda Li, Hector Barajas-Martinez, Bo Li, Yonghong Gao, Zhenpeng Zhang, Hongcai Shang, Yanwei Xing, Dan Hu
Introduction and Objectives: This study was designed to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment for arrhythmia compared to existing drug therapy. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified through searches of the MEDLINE, CNKI, Embase, and Cochrane databases (1970 through 2016) and hand searches of cross-references from original articles and reviews. Clinical trials that randomized arrhythmia patients to acupuncture therapy vs. conventional drugs, sham acupuncture, or bed rest were included for analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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