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Robert J Nash, Atsushi Kato, Chu-Yi Yu, George Wj Fleet
For the purpose of this article, iminosugars are polyhydroxylated secondary and tertiary amines in which the molecules resemble monosaccharide sugars in which the ring oxygen is replaced by the nitrogen. The bicyclic structures may biologically resemble disaccharides. Very few iminosugars have been available up to now for evaluation of their pharmaceutical applications. The early compounds were discovered and selected for study due to glycosidase inhibition, which is now known to not be necessary for pharmacological activity and may cause off-target effects...
September 2011: Future Medicinal Chemistry
Andrew A Voss, Ana Díez-Sampedro, Bruce A Hirayama, Donald D F Loo, Ernest M Wright
Imino sugars are used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus [miglitol (Glyset)] and lysosomal storage disorders [miglustat (Zavesca)] based on the inhibition of alpha-glucosidases and glucosyltransferases. In this substrate specificity study, we examined the interactions of imino sugars with a novel human glucose sensor, sodium/glucose cotransporter type 3 (hSGLT3), using expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes and electrophysiology. The results for hSGLT3 are compared with those for alpha-glucosidases and human SGLT type 1 (hSGLT1), a well characterized sodium/glucose cotransporter of the SGLT family...
February 2007: Molecular Pharmacology
Olivia Andriuzzi, Christine Gravier-Pelletier, Gildas Bertho, Thierry Prangé, Yves Le Merrer
BACKGROUND: Glycosidases are involved in several metabolic pathways and the development of inhibitors is an important challenge towards the treatment of diseases, such as diabetes, cancer and viral infections including AIDS. Thus, inhibition of intestinal alpha-glucosidases can be used to treat diabetes through the lowering of blood glucose levels, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are being marketed against type 2 (non-insulinodependent mellitus) diabetes (i.e.: Glyset or Diastabol, Basen and Glucor or Precose)...
2005: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
L K Campbell, D E Baker, R K Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate miglitol, a new oral alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, and discuss its pharmacology, therapeutics, pharmacokinetics, dosing guidelines, adverse effects, drug interactions, and clinical efficacy. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE English-language only database search using the keywords miglitol, glyset, and Bay m 1099 (1985 to December 1999), was completed to identify relevant articles including reviews, recent studies, and abstracts; American Diabetes Association 1999 Annual Meeting abstracts; Pharmacia & Upjohn data on file and product information...
November 2000: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
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