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Olugbenga Awolaran, Susan A Brooks, Verna Lavender
Metastasis accounts for most of the deaths from breast cancer and the preference of invasive breast cancer metastasising to bone has been widely reported. However, the biological basis of breast cancer osteotropism is not fully understood. This paper provides, for the first time, an integrative, systematic review of evidence of molecular factors that have functional roles in the homing of metastatic breast cancer to the bone. Pubmed, Web of Science and EBSCOhost were searched using keywords and synonyms for molecular, metastasis, breast cancer and bone to identify articles published between January 2004 and August 2016...
October 14, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Aichurek Soultanova, Zbigniew Mikulski, Uwe Pfeil, Veronika Grau, Wolfgang Kummer
Members of the calcitonin peptide family-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), adrenomedullin (AM), and adrenomedullin2/intermedin (IMD)-exert modulatory effects upon monocytes and macrophages of various extrapulmonary origins. Utilizing the rat alveolar macrophage (AMφ) cell line NR8383, we here set out to determine to which extent these three peptides and their receptors are differentially regulated in AMφ and what specific effects they have on AMφ key functions. LPS treatment differentially up-regulated expression of the peptides and receptors...
2016: PloS One
Francisco Valenzuela-Sánchez, Blanca Valenzuela-Méndez, Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Ángel Estella-García, María Ángela González-García
Mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) has a good biomarker profile: its half-life is several hours, and its plasma concentrations can be determined in clinical practice, it is essentially irrelevant, but proportionally represents the levels and activity of adrenomedullin (ADM). ADM synthesis is widely distributed in tissues, including bone, adrenal cortex, kidney, lung, blood vessels and heart. Its fundamental biological effects include vasodilator, positive inotropic, diuretic, natriuretic and bronchodilator...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Kosaku Sawada, Richard J Miron, Dominic Leiser, Jordi Caballé-Serrano, Dieter D Bosshardt, Benoit Schaller, Daniel Buser, Reinhard Gruber
Extracorporeal irradiation sterilizes resected tumor bone used as autografts in reconstruction surgery. Therapeutic irradiation is a standard technique in head and neck cancer therapy that aims to preserve organ function. Bone irradiation has a complex, mostly inhibitory, effect on remodeling and regeneration, although the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. It remains unclear if extracorporeal irradiation affects the paracrine-like activity of the corresponding autografts. We recently reported that bone-conditioned medium from autogenous bone chips contains a number of factors that might affect cell activity...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
Laura Ochoa-Callejero, Andrea Pozo-Rodrigálvarez, Ricardo Martínez-Murillo, Alfredo Martínez
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a vasodilating peptide involved in the regulation of circulatory homeostasis and in the pathophysiology of certain cardiovascular diseases. AM plays critical roles in blood vessels, including regulation of vascular stability and permeability. To elucidate the autocrine/paracrine function of AM in endothelial cells (EC) in vivo, a conditional knockout of AM in EC (AM(EC-KO)) was used. The amount of vascularization of the matrigel implants was lower in AM(EC-KO) mice indicating a defective angiogenesis...
2016: Scientific Reports
Ying Lv, Song-Yang Zhang, Xianyi Liang, Heng Zhang, Zhi Xu, Bo Liu, Ming-Jiang Xu, Changtao Jiang, Jin Shang, Xian Wang
Adrenomedullin 2 (ADM2) is an endogenous bioactive peptide belonging to the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) family. Our previous studies showed overexpression of ADM2 in mice reduced obesity and insulin resistance by increasing thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue. However, the effects of ADM2 in another thermogenic adipocyte, beige adipocyte, remain to be understood. The plasma ADM2 levels were inversely correlated with obesity in humans and the adipo-ADM2-tg mice displayed resistance to HFD-induced obesity with increased energy expenditure...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Giulia Castellani, Giovanna Paliuri, Genny Orso, Nicola Paccagnella, Claudio D'Amore, Laura Facci, Francesca Cima, Federico Caicci, Pietro Palatini, Sergio Bova, Sara De Martin
Thymic epithelial cells (TECs) play a key role in the regulation of central immune tolerance by expressing autoantigens and eliminating self-reactive T cells. In a previous paper we reported that adrenomedullin (ADM) and its co-receptor protein RAMP2 are located intracellularly in newborn human thymic epithelial cells (TECs). This work has two main aims: (1) to examine the cellular localization of ADM and its receptor in TECs of adult Wistar rats to validate this animal model for the study of the ADM system and its function(s) in thymus; (2) to investigate the potential modulating effect of ADM on the NF-kB pathway, which is involved through the production of cytokines such as IL-6, in the maturation of T-lymphocytes and immunological tolerance...
December 2016: Cytokine
Leticia Figueira, Anita Israel
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a multifunctional peptide which exerts numerous biological activities through the activation of AM1 (CRLR + RAMP2) and AM2 (CRLR + RAMP3) receptors. AM immunoreactivity, AM binding sites and CRLR, RAMP1, RAMP2 and RAMP3 are expressed in rat cerebellar vermis. AM binding sites are discretely and differentially distributed in the rat cerebellar cortex with higher levels detected in SHR when compared with WKY rats. In addition, there is an up-regulation of cerebellar CGRP1 (CRLR + RAMP1) and AM2 (CRLR + RAMP3) receptors and a down-regulation of AM1 (CRLR + RAMP2) receptor during hypertension associated with a decreased AM expression...
September 11, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lars Lind, Johan Sundström, Markus Stenemo, Emil Hagström, Johan Ärnlöv
BACKGROUND: Apart from several established clinical risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF), a number of biomarkers have also been identified as potential risk factors for AF. None of these have so far been adopted in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To use a novel custom-made proteomics chip to discover new prognostic biomarkers for AF risk. METHODS: In two independent community-based cohorts (Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study (978 participants without AF, mean age 70...
September 8, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Cornelia Then, Marietta Rottenkolber, Andreas Lechner, Christa Meisinger, Margit Heier, Wolfgang Koenig, Annette Peters, Wolfgang Rathmann, Martin Bidlingmaier, Martin Reincke, Jochen Seissler
This article contains data related to the research article entitled "Altered relation of the renin-aldosterone system and vasoactive peptides in type 2 diabetes: the KORA F4 study" (Then et al., 2016) [1] and describes the association of the aldosterone to renin ratio with midregional-pro atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and midregional-pro adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) in 1261 participants from the KORA F4 cohort.
September 2016: Data in Brief
Cathryn Weston, Ian Winfield, Matthew Harris, Rose Hodgson, Archna Shah, Simon J Dowell, Juan Carlos Mobarec, David A Woodlock, Christopher A Reynolds, David R Poyner, Harriet A Watkins, Graham Ladds
The calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is formed through the association of the calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) and one of three receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs). Binding of one of the three peptide ligands, CGRP, adrenomedullin (AM), and intermedin/adrenomedullin 2 (AM2), is well known to result in a Gαs-mediated increase in cAMP. Here we used modified yeast strains that couple receptor activation to cell growth, via chimeric yeast/Gα subunits, and HEK-293 cells to characterize the effect of different RAMP and ligand combinations on this pathway...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yongqian Gao, Jinyi Li, Na Qiao, Qingsong Meng, Ming Zhang, Xin Wang, Jianghua Jia, Shuwen Yang, Changbao Qu, Wei Li, Dongbin Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the mechanisms underlying sunitinib resistance in RCC and to identify targets that may be used to overcome this resistance. RESULTS: Reanalysis of transcriptome microarray datasets (GSE64052 and GSE76068) showed that adrenomedullin expression was increased in sunitinib-resistant tumors. And adrenomedullin expression was increased in sunitinib-resistant tumor xenografts, accompanied by upregulation of phospho-ERK levels. However, blocking adrenomedullin inhibited sunitinib-resistant tumor growth...
August 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Uwe Pfeil, Subhashini Bharathala, Ghulam Murtaza, Petra Mermer, Tamara Papadakis, Andreas Boening, Wolfgang Kummer
Heart valves are highly organized structures determining the direction of blood flow through the heart. Smooth muscle cells within the valve are thought to play an active role during the heart cycle, rather than being just passive flaps. The mature heart valve is composed of extracellular matrix (ECM), various differentiations of valvular interstitial cells (VIC), smooth muscle cells and overlying endothelium. VIC are important for maintaining the structural integrity of the valve, thereby affecting valve function and ECM remodelling...
August 23, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Petra Schneiderova, Tomas Pika, Petr Gajdos, Regina Fillerova, Pavel Kromer, Milos Kudelka, Jiri Minarik, Tomas Papajik, Vlastimil Scudla, Eva Kriegova
Serum protein fingerprints associated with MGUS and MM and their changes in MM after autologous stem cell transplantation (MM-ASCT, day 100) remain unexplored. Using highly-sensitive Proximity Extension ImmunoAssay on 92 cancer biomarkers (Proseek Multiplex, Olink), enhanced serum levels of Adrenomedullin (ADM, Pcorr= .0004), Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15, Pcorr= .003), and soluble Major histocompatibility complex class I-related chain A (sMICA, Pcorr= .023), all prosurvival and chemoprotective factors for myeloma cells, were detected in MM comparing to MGUS...
August 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Gerd Baldenhofer, Michael Laule, Martin Mockel, Wasiem Sanad, Fabian Knebel, Henryk Dreger, Franziska Leonhardt, Michael Sander, Herko Grubitzsch, Gert Baumann, Karl Stangl, Verena Stangl
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the association of mid-regional (MR) pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) and MR-pro-A-type natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) in comparison to N-terminal pro-natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) with outcome in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) treated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: One hundred consecutive TAVI patients were included in this prospective study. Association of preinterventional levels of MR-proADM, MR-proANP, NT-proBNP, C-reactive protein (CrP), and high-sensitive cardiac Troponin T (hsTN) with 30-day and 1-year outcome was analyzed...
August 15, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Cornelia Then, Marietta Rottenkolber, Andreas Lechner, Christa Meisinger, Margit Heier, Wolfgang Koenig, Annette Peters, Wolfgang Rathmann, Martin Bidlingmaier, Martin Reincke, Jochen Seissler
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The exact mechanism of premature atherosclerosis in diabetes is still unclear. Inappropriate activation of the renin-aldosterone-angiotensin system may be an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether renin and aldosterone are associated with vasoactive peptides midregional-pro atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and midregional-pro adrenomedullin (MR-proADM), or with intima media thickness (IMT) as a marker for early atherosclerotic alterations in the general community and in subjects with type 2 diabetes...
September 2016: Atherosclerosis
Linghua Liu, Ruokun Huang, Dezhang Ma, Wenjun Cheng, Wei Feng, Danmou Xing, Wusheng Kan, Zhihong Xiao
BACKGROUND Adrenomedullin, a recently identified myokine, has an anti-inflammatory effect. Therefore, we aimed to assess the correlation of adrenomedullin concentrations with the presence and grade of severity of knee osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIAL AND METHODS We recruited 187 knee OA patients and 109 healthy subjects. The severity of OA was evaluated using the Kellgren-Lawrence grading system. RESULTS Compared with the control group, the knee OA group revealed markedly higher adrenomedullin concentrations. Serum and synovial fluid (SF) adrenomedullin concentrations increased with increased KL grades...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Abhay Kumar Singh, Mainak Dutta, Ratna Chattopadhyay, Baidyanath Chakravarty, Koel Chaudhury
PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate key intrafollicular prognostic factors among various cytokines and angiogenic molecules for prediction of mature oocytes and good-quality embryos in women with endometriosis undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: Paired follicular fluid and serum samples were collected from 200 women with advanced stage endometriosis and 140 normal ovulating women during oocyte retrieval. The concentrations of cytokines (pro-inflammatory: IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-8, IL-12, IFN-γ; anti-inflammatory: IL-4, IL-6, IL-10) and angiogenic molecules (vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), adrenomedullin, angiogenin) were determined in follicular fluid and serum using ELISA...
October 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Qiang Zhu, Gang Tian, Zhen Tang, Jianyong Gao, Yinghui Tan
INTRODUCTION: Adrenomedullin (ADM) is highly expressed in dental tissues at the critical developmental time points during tooth development. However, its role in pulp repair and pulp injury is still unknown. The study aimed to investigate the mechanisms by which ADM affects the proliferation and apoptosis of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). METHODS: Fifty-four freshly extracted wisdom teeth were obtained from 27 patients with caries and 27 without. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunohistochemistry were used to examine the expression levels of ADM in caries and normal pulp tissues...
September 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Pang-Hu Zhou, Lei Shi, Wei Hu, Xiao-Bin Zhang, Wei Wang, Li-Jun Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathophysiological functions of adrenomedullin (ADM), atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP) in patients with adrenal medullary hyperplasia (AMH). Plasma ADM, ANP and BNP concentrations were measured in 20 patients with AMH, 35 patients with essential hypertension (EH), and 40 healthy control subjects. Following effective antihypertensive therapy, the values in AMH and EH patients were measured again and laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed for AMH patients...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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