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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215447/pediatric-inpatient-nurses-perceptions-of-child-maltreatment
#1
Jenifer L Lavigne, Sharon G Portwood, Jan Warren-Findlow, Larissa R Brunner Huber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of child maltreatment among inpatient pediatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was used to obtain responses to an online survey designed to examine perceptions of child maltreatment from inpatient pediatric nurses. RESULTS: Many nurses surveyed (41.25%) indicated that they had not received adequate training or had never received training on child maltreatment identification and many (40%) also indicated they were not familiar with the applicable reporting laws...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212197/screening-children-for-abuse-and-neglect-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Mary Hoft, Lisa Haddad
Child abuse and neglect occur in epidemic numbers in the United States and around the world, resulting in major physical and mental health consequences for abused children in the present and future. A vast amount of information is available on the signs and symptoms and short- and long-term consequences of abuse. A limited number of instruments have been empirically developed to screen for child abuse, with most focused on physical abuse in the context of the emergency department, which have been found to be minimally effective and lacking rigor...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208690/examining-the-relationship-between-economic-hardship-and-child-maltreatment-using-data-from-the-ontario-incidence-study-of-reported-child-abuse-and-neglect-2013-ois-2013
#3
Rachael Lefebvre, Barbara Fallon, Melissa Van Wert, Joanne Filippelli
There is strong evidence that poverty and economic disadvantage are associated with child maltreatment; however, research in this area is underdeveloped in Canada. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between economic hardship and maltreatment for families and children identified to the Ontario child protection system for a maltreatment concern. Secondary analyses of the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS-2013) were conducted. The OIS-2013 examines the incidence of reported maltreatment and the characteristics of children and families investigated by child welfare authorities in Ontario in 2013...
February 8, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206885/guideline-on-oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#4
(no author information available yet)
In all 50 states, physicians and dentists are required to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect and the role of physicians and dentists in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may be suspicious for child abuse or neglect. Physicians receive minimal training in oral health and dental injury and disease and, thus, may not detect dental aspects of abuse or neglect as readily as they do child abuse and neglect involving other areas of the body...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185670/the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-males-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#5
Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Tracie O Afifi
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), co-occurrence with other types of maltreatment and adult mental health outcomes, specifically among males. The objectives of this study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of males who have experienced a) childhood maltreatment without CSA; b) CSA without other forms of childhood maltreatment; and c) CSA along with other forms of childhood maltreatment; and 2) determine the relationship between CSA among males and mood, anxiety, substance and personality disorders and suicide attempts...
February 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174372/child-abuse-and-neglect-do-we-know-enough-a-cross-sectional-study-of-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-of-dentists-regarding-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-pune-india
#6
Suruchi Malpani, Jatin Arora, Gunjeeta Diwaker, Priyajeet Kaur Kaleka, Aditi Parey, Parinita Bontala
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse and neglect (CAN) is a significant global problem with a serious impact on the victims throughout their lives. Dentists have the unique opportunity to address this problem. However, reporting such cases has become a sensitive issue due to the uncertainty of the diagnosis. The authors are testing the knowledge of the dentists toward CAN and also trying to question the efforts of the educational institutions to improve this knowledge for the better future of the younger generation...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165688/the-safe-haven-response-to-child-abuse-and-neglect
#7
Angela Lisburg
Imagine, for a moment, finding courage. Finding courage to tell someone about something happening to you; something bad, maybe something so terrible that you feel embarrassed and ashamed about it and are afraid no one will believe you. Maybe you believe that it's your fault. Maybe the person who did this to you threatened you and told you never to tell, and you are so frightened about what might happen next.
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163690/mentalizing-makes-parenting-work-a-review-about-parental-reflective-functioning-and-clinical-interventions-to-improve-it
#8
REVIEW
Andrea Camoirano
In the last decade several studies have investigated the role of parental reflective functioning (RF), defined as the parental ability to understand his/her child's mental states, on the child's development. Herein, a narrative review on parental RF is presented aimed at (1) presenting an overview of the existing empirical studies, (2) pinpointing unrequited questions, and (3) identifying future research directions. Specifically, the current review focused on (a) the impact of parental RF on the quality of caregiving and the child's attachment security, (b) the effect of parental RF on the child's emotion regulation and the child's RF, (c) maternal RF in women with a history of neglect and abuse, (d) the efficacy of mentalization-based clinical interventions, and (e) the recently developed Parental Reflective Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155317/the-pattern-and-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-kano-nigeria
#9
Tanko S Tanimu, Stephen Yohanna, Suleiman Y Omeiza
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been increasingly recognised as a major public health and human rights problem that cuts across all populations, irrespective of social, economic, religious or cultural groups. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence, pattern and correlates of IPV among women attending the General Out Patient Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. It was also designed to determine the pattern of health complications associated with IPV as well as the perception of women on intimate partner violence...
November 29, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133982/the-prevention-of-violence-in-childhood-through-parenting-programmes-a-global-review
#10
Charlene Coore Desai, Jody-Ann Reece, Sydonnie Shakespeare-Pellington
Child maltreatment is a global problem affecting both high income (HICs) and low and middle income countries (LMICs). However research has shown that children who live in the world's poorest countries and communities are more likely to suffer from abuse and neglect. There is some evidence that parenting interventions can assist in the prevention of child maltreatment, but most of this research has been conducted in HICs. The main aim of this review was to examine the evidence from previous systematic reviews on the role of parenting programmes in the prevention of violence against children in both HICs and LMICs...
January 29, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122285/evaluation-of-forensic-medical-history-taking-from-the-child-in-cases-of-child-physical-and-sexual-abuse-and-neglect
#11
Rachel Drummond, John A M Gall
BACKGROUND: Suspected child physical abuse, sexual abuse and neglect are not uncommon presentations. As part of the assessment of these cases, a forensic medical history may be taken. This forensic history is used not only to determine the steps necessary to address the child's wellbeing but also to direct the forensic examination. Currently, there is no clear consensus on whether or not a forensic medical history should consistently be considered an integral element within the paediatric forensic evaluation...
February 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098410/juror-decision-making-in-death-penalty-sentencing-when-presented-with-defendant-s-history-of-child-abuse-or-neglect
#12
Lisa L Bell Holleran, Tyler J Vaughan, Donna M Vandiver
Previous studies have found aggravating, mitigating, and null effects of defendant histories of abuse and neglect on punishment preferences in capital sentencing. Perceiving these defendants as more dangerous, jurors may be more likely to favor the death penalty when such evidence is presented. This is counter to the intuition that abuse or neglect reduces culpability, and therefore mitigates the severity of punishment. We investigated the effect of defendant childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, or neglect on the probability of a prospective juror preferring the death penalty in an between-subject experimental design...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093220/increased-oxytocin-levels-among-abstinent-heroin-addicts-association-with-aggressiveness-psychiatric-symptoms-and-perceived-childhood-neglect
#13
Lidia M Gerra, Gilberto Gerra, Laura Mercolini, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Chiara M Pieri, Maina Antonioni, Michele Protti, Paolo Ossola, Carlo Marchesi
A disruption of the oxytocin system seems to affect a variety of brain functions including emotions, mood and social behavior possibly underlying severe social deficits and susceptibility for substance use and mental health disorders. Early life adversity, such as insecure attachment in childhood, has been suggested to influence oxytocin tone contributing to a condition of neurobiological vulnerability. Aim of the present study was to investigate oxytocin serum levels in abstinent heroin addicted patients, in comparison with healthy controls, and the possible correlation with co-occurring psychiatric symptoms, aggressiveness and perception of parental neglect...
January 16, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076674/trajectories-of-perinatal-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-a-community-cohort
#14
Hamideh Bayrampour, Lianne Tomfohr, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: The evidence on trajectories of perinatal depression is mostly based on studies composed of women at high risk for poor mental health. Research on maternal anxiety trajectories is also scarce. Using a large community cohort, the All Our Babies study, in Alberta, Canada, we examined trajectories of perinatal depressive and anxiety symptoms and compared characteristics of women across trajectories. METHODS: Anxiety and depressive symptoms were measured at the second and third trimesters and at 4 and 12 months postpartum among 1,445 women recruited between May 2008 and December 2010...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065969/survellience-system-for-child-abuse-bridging-the-gap-between-actual-and-hidden-cases
#15
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Yasmin Parpio, Salima Farooq
The dynamics of child abuse have been recognised as a global emerging social issue which is highly associated with child humiliation. The Government of Pakistan has taken many initiatives for addressing issues regarding child abuse and neglect and has designed laws to protect children against exploitation, abuse and violence; however, most of them are not enforced at all or poorly implemented due to lack of proper definition of child abuse and related terms, and different ways of reporting child abuse cases...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064527/child-violence-experiences-in-institutionalised-orphanage-care
#16
Lorraine Sherr, Kathryn J Roberts, Natasha Gandhi
Institutions are not necessarily good environments for children. In the face of challenges such as HIV, Ebola, poverty, conflict and disaster the numbers have grown rather than reduced. Some countries have closed institutions down -driven by findings that cognitive developmental delay is associated with institutional care. Yet insight into abuse and violence within institutionalised settings is neglected. Maltreatment -violence and abuse -may be an issue. This systematic review series addresses violence and abuse experiences in institutionalised care, exploring firstly the frequency of abuse/violence in institutions, secondly any interventions to reduce such violence or abuse and thirdly the perpetrators of such violence or abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#17
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045904/the-value-of-a-checklist-for-child-abuse-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-to-screen-or-not-to-screen
#18
Maartje Cm Schouten, Henk F van Stel, Theo Jm Verheij, Michiel L Houben, Ingrid Mb Russel, Edward Es Nieuwenhuis, Elise M van de Putte
OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic value of the screening instrument SPUTOVAMO-R2 (checklist, 5 questions) for child abuse at Out-of-hours Primary Care locations (OPC), by comparing the test outcome with information from Child Protection Services (CPS). Secondary, to determine whether reducing the length of the checklist compromises diagnostic value. METHODS: All children (<18 years) attending one of the participating OPCs in the region of Utrecht, the Netherlands, in a year time, were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036102/assessments-carried-out-by-a-child-abuse-and-neglect-team-in-an-amsterdam-teaching-hospital-led-to-interventions-in-most-of-the-reported-cases
#19
Arianne H Teeuw, Tessa Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Daniel Aaftink, Ilsa A V Burgers, Thekla F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Hugo S A Heymans, Rick R van Rijn
AIM: This study described cases of child abuse and neglect (CAN) that were reported to the multi-agency CAN team at the Emma Children's Hospital in Amsterdam and the resulting interventions. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of all cases that were reported to the CAN team from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2012. RESULTS: There were 27 prenatal cases, 92 referrals based on parental characteristics and 523 children. Overall, 1.2% of the children visiting the emergency department of our hospital, attending the outpatients department or being admitted were reported to the team...
December 30, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028663/family-social-support-modifies-the-relationships-between-childhood-maltreatment-severity-economic-adversity-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#20
Maria Muzik, Rujuta Umarji, Minden B Sexton, Margaret T Davis
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the main and moderating effects of childhood abuse or neglect severity, income, and family social support on the presence of postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS). METHODS: Participants included 183 postpartum mothers who endorsed a history of childhood maltreatment (CM) and enrolled in a longitudinal study of mother and child outcomes. Participants completed questionnaires to assess CM severity, associated societal and maternal characteristics, and depressive symptom severity...
December 27, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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