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child abuse and neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130379/trauma-complexity-and-child-abuse-a-qualitative-study-of-attachment-narratives-in-adult-refugees-with-ptsd
#1
Karin Riber
The present study aimed to identify trauma types over the life course among adult refugees and to explore their accounts of childhood maltreatment. A sample of 43 Arabic-speaking refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) attending a treatment context in Denmark were interviewed. Using a "Trauma Coding Manual" developed for this study, trauma types were identified in interview transcripts. In both men and women with Iraqi and Palestinian-Lebanese backgrounds, high levels of trauma complexity and high rates of childhood maltreatment were found (63%, n = 27)...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125322/associations-between-breastfeeding-and-maltreatment-in-childhood
#2
Kristen P Kremer, Theodore R Kremer
PURPOSE: Child maltreatment has serious implications for youth outcomes, yet its associations with early parenting practices are not fully understood. This study investigated whether breastfeeding practices are correlated with childhood maltreatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were utilized from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative and longitudinal study of adolescents. The analytic sample comprised 4,159 adolescents...
November 10, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122066/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#3
Susan A Fisher-Owens, James L Lukefahr, Anupama Rao Tate
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118315/balancing-medical-and-non-accidental-causes-of-multiple-fractures-in-a-child-with-progressive-familial-intrahepatic-cholestasis
#4
Hisham Abdelrhim, Sami Khan, Paul Heaton, Rajeev Peeka
BACKGROUND All medical practitioners must be vigilant for child abuse and neglect (CAN) so that opportunities to intervene, prevent, and improve outcomes are not missed. However, child abuse is often overlooked in practice, and no sign or pattern of presentation of fractures is absolutely specific for child abuse. CASE REPORT Here, we present the case of a 22-month-old girl with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) type 2 who presented with "red flag" fractures indicative of child abuse. Biochemistry showed vitamin D deficiency and a skeletal survey revealed rickets and multiple pathological fractures...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104416/family-assisted-contingency-management-within-the-context-of-evidence-supported-treatment-for-child-neglect-and-drug-abuse
#5
Brad Donohue, Christopher P Plant, Travis A Loughran, Anali Torres
Contingency management (CM) has extensively been shown to be effective in reducing substance use disorders, but its effects in reducing child maltreatment have yet to be determined. The current study provides preliminary support for the utilization of an innovative family-assisted CM component in 18 mothers who were referred to an evidence-supported behavioral treatment for concurrent child neglect and drug abuse by Child Protective Service caseworkers. In the examined CM, participants were invited to indicate from a list of common actions incompatible with child neglect (i...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079607/child-maltreatment-as-a-predictor-of-adult-physical-functioning-in-a-prospective-british-birth-cohort
#6
Gemma Archer, Snehal Pinto Pereira, Christine Power
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment (abuse and neglect) has established associations with mental health; however, little is known about its relationship with physical functioning. Physical functioning (ie, the ability to perform the physical tasks of daily living) in adulthood is an important outcome to consider, as it is strongly associated with an individual's ability to work, and future disability and dependency. We aimed to establish whether maltreatment was associated with physical functioning, independent of other early-life factors...
October 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044519/unhealthy-dependency-in-victims-and-perpetrators-of-child-maltreatment-a-meta-analytic-review
#7
REVIEW
Fallon A Kane, Robert F Bornstein
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical conceptualizations of interpersonal dependency and dependent personality disorder suggest that (a) high levels of dependency in parents may increase risk for perpetration of child abuse and neglect and (b) children who are victimized may show elevated levels of dependency later in life. This study used meta-analytic techniques to examine these hypothesized links. METHOD: A systematic search of psychological and medical online databases revealed 14 published studies (21 effect sizes) examining the link between parental dependency and perpetration of abuse or neglect (overall N of perpetrators = 1,321), and 14 published studies (25 effect sizes) assessing dependency in victims of child abuse and neglect (overall N of victims = 38,265)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036894/how-can-data-drive-policy-and-practice-in-child-welfare-making-the-link-in-canada
#8
Barbara Fallon, Joanne Filippelli, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé, Tonino Esposito
Formal university-child welfare partnerships offer a unique opportunity to begin to fill the gaps in the child welfare knowledge base and link child welfare services to the realities of practice. With resources from a knowledge mobilization grant, a formal partnership was developed between the University of Toronto, clinicians, policy analysts, and researchers from child welfare agencies across Ontario. The key objectives of the grant included: (1) enhancing the capacity of service providers to access and analyze child welfare data to inform service and policy decisions; (2) integrating clinical expertise in service and policy decisions; and (3) developing a joint research agenda addressing high-priority knowledge gaps...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032186/does-parental-substance-use-always-engender-risk-for-children-comparing-incidence-rate-ratios-of-abusive-and-neglectful-behaviors-across-substance-use-behavior-patterns
#9
Nancy J Kepple
Parental substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with an added risk for child abuse and neglect, but less is understood about how a range of parental use behaviors is associated with differential maltreatment frequencies. This study used the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW I) to create categories for parental substance use behaviors that are conceptually associated with varying levels of substance-related impairments. The study sample was composed of 2100 parents of children ages 2-17 years from Wave 4 data collection...
October 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017641/family-matters-examining-child-abuse-and-neglect-as-family-dysfunction-for-minority-youth-living-in-extreme-poverty
#10
Richard Spano, Michael A David, Sara R Jeffries, John M Bolland
Two competing models of child abuse and neglect (scapegoat vs. family dysfunction) are used to illustrate how the specification of victims ("index" victim vs. all children in household) from incidents of child abuse and neglect can be used to improve estimates of maltreatment for at-risk minority youth. Child Protection Services records were searched in 2005 for 366 "index" victims who were surveyed for 5 consecutive years (from 1998 to 2002) for the Mobile Youth Survey as well as other siblings in the household...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994366/-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-france-finally-recognize-its-individual-and-societal-impact
#11
EDITORIAL
Anne Tursz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991148/recollections-of-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-in-childhood-as-risk-factors-for-depressive-disorders-and-the-need-for-psychotherapy-in-adult-life
#12
Eva Neumann
Theoretical and empirical works have pointed out that depression comes along with adverse interpersonal experiences in childhood and adult life. The purpose of this study was to explore whether past and current experiences differ in their relevance for depression. A clinical group of 80 psychotherapy patients diagnosed with a depressive disorder was contrasted with a control group of 111 nondepressed patients from somatic facilities. Child abuse, neglect, and adult attachment dimensions were measured with self-report scales...
November 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990206/child-maltreatment-and-eating-disorders-among-men-and-women-in-adulthood-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#13
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Christine A Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is associated with an increased likelihood of having mood disorders, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and personality disorders, but far less is known about eating disorders. The objective of the current study was to examine the associations between child maltreatment, including harsh physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence, and eating disorders in adulthood among men and women...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985958/a-scoping-review-of-evidence-based-interventions-available-to-parents-of-maltreated-children-ages-0-5-involved-with-child-welfare-services
#14
Ashley L Landers, Alan McLuckie, Robin Cann, Valerie Shapiro, Sarah Visintini, Bruce MacLaurin, Nico Trocmé, Michael Saini, Normand J Carrey
Parents referred to child welfare services for child maltreatment often struggle against chronic risk factors including violence, substance abuse, mental health concerns, and poverty, which impinge upon their ability to be sensitive caregivers. The first line of intervention within the child welfare context is to modify parenting behavior. This scoping review comprehensively surveyed all available literature to map the extent and range of research activity around the types of interventions available within a child welfare context to parents of infants and toddlers (0-5 years of age), to identify the facilitators and/or barriers to the uptake of interventions, and to check that interventions match the risk factors faced by parents...
October 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983184/examination-of-the-extent-to-which-employment-factors-are-associated-with-reduced-child-maltreatment-potential-and-drug-use
#15
Brad Donohue, Christopher P Plant, Kimberly A Barchard, David J Gillis
Job assistance programs are commonly recommended for parents of children who have been victimized by child maltreatment, particularly when illicit drugs are indicated. However, the relationship between employment factors, substance abuse and risk of child maltreatment has received limited empirical attention. Therefore, the current study examines employment factors in a sample of 72 mothers who were referred by Child Protective Services (CPS) for treatment of substance abuse and child neglect. Child maltreatment potential was found to be negatively associated with number of hours employed and self-reported happiness with employment...
January 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982609/child-welfare-organizations-do-specialization-and-service-integration-impact-placement-decisions
#16
Carrie Smith, John Fluke, Barbara Fallon, Faye Mishna, Barbara Decker Pierce
The objective of this study was to contribute to the understanding of the child welfare organization by testing the hypothesis that the characteristics of organizations influence decisions made by child protection staff for vulnerable children. The influence of two aspects of organizational structure on the decision to place a child in out-of-home care were examined: service integration and worker specialization. A theoretical framework that integrated the Decision-Making Ecology Framework (Baumann et al., 2011) and Yoo et al...
October 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981222/-abused-child-or-suspected-abused-child-caregiving
#17
B Vanthournout
Optimal care for abused children and their families can only be achieved through joint and committed endeavours from scientists, social workers and judiciary. The topic of child abuse and neglect will be introduced by a short account of the evolution of the status of the child in Western society. This clinic will be approached in its systemic dimension and will examine the place of the child in the family system and society in general. Clinical intervention intricacy as well as widely varying factors to be taken into account such as protection, ethics, therapy, way of life etc...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977323/degradation-of-parental-bonding-and-violence-against-children-the-use-of-family-genogram-in-the-pediatric-clinic
#18
Égle Thomaz Leoncio, Sonia Regina Pereira de Souza, José Lúcio Martins Machado
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the importance of using the family genogram in pediatric consultation, as an analysis tool to evaluate the degradation of parental bonding and also violence against children. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in 2011 wherein 63 children, aged between 2 and 6 years, enrolled in a slum nursery, was studied. In order to construct the genogram, data were collected in four stages: pediatric evaluation at nursery; interview with caregivers; interview with teachers; and interview with the nursery coordinator...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975444/economic-hardship-in-childhood-a-neglected-issue-in-ace-studies
#19
Paula Braveman, Katherine Heck, Susan Egerter, Christine Rinki, Kristen Marchi, Mike Curtis
Objectives Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked with ill-health in adulthood, but ACE literature has focused on family disruption or dysfunction (e.g., child abuse, parental separation), with less attention to economic adversity. We examined whether a mother's economic hardship in childhood (EHC) was associated with women's hardships and health-risk behaviors during/just before pregnancy. Methods We analyzed population-based survey data on 27,102 postpartum California women. EHC included respondents' reports that during childhood they/their families experienced hunger because of inability to afford food or moved because of problems paying rent/mortgage and the frequency of difficulty paying for basic needs...
October 3, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974983/child-maltreatment-in-germany-prevalence-rates-in-the-general-population
#20
Andreas Witt, Rebecca C Brown, Paul L Plener, Elmar Brähler, Jörg M Fegert
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment and its consequences are considered a major public health problem. So far, there is only one study from Germany reporting prevalence rates on different types of maltreatment. METHODS: A representative sample of the German general population was examined for experiences of child maltreatment using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) between September and November 2016. A total of 2510 (53.3% female) participants between 14 and 94 years (M = 48...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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