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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620588/atlas-fractures-diagnosis-current-treatment-recommendations-and-implications-for-elderly-patients
#1
Richard M Smith, Amit K Bhandutia, Julio J Jauregui, Mark Shasti, Steven C Ludwig
Fractures of the C1 vertebrae (atlas) are commonly the result of falls and other trauma, which cause hyperextension, or axial compression of the cervical spine. Although historically thought as a benign injury with lower neurological risks, current data suggests that this may not hold true for geriatric patients (aged 65 y and older) who may be predisposed to these fractures even after lower-energy trauma such as ground-level falls. Advancements in orthopedic trauma care has increased our diagnostic abilities to identify and manage patients with C1 fractures and other upper cervical spine trauma...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607568/reducing-potentially-inappropriate-drug-prescribing-in-nursing-home-residents-effectiveness-of-a-geriatric-intervention
#2
Charlène Cool, Philippe Cestac, Cécile McCambridge, Laure Rouch, Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate drug prescribing (PIDP) is frequent in nursing home (NH) residents. We aimed to investigate whether a geriatric intervention on quality of care reduced PIDP. METHODS: We performed an ancillary study within a multicentric individually-tailored controlled trial (IQUARE trial). All NH received a baseline and 18-month audit regarding drug prescriptions and other quality of care indicators. After the initial audit, NHs of the intervention group benefited of an in-site intervention (geriatric education for NH staff) provided by a geriatrician from the closest hospital...
April 1, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582533/potentially-inappropriate-medications-with-polypharmacy-increase-the-risk-of-falls-in-older-japanese-patients-1-year-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Shoichi Masumoto, Mikiya Sato, Takami Maeno, Yumiko Ichinohe, Tetsuhiro Maeno
AIM: We aimed to evaluate whether potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) increase the risk for adverse clinical outcomes including falls, emergency department (ED) visits and unplanned hospitalizations in older Japanese patients with chronic diseases, comparing the difference between patients with and without polypharmacy. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was carried out in a Japanese outpatient primary care clinic. Baseline data was collected from January to March 2016...
March 26, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563036/prediction-of-in-hospital-mortality-with-the-6-item-brief-geriatric-assessment-tool-an-observational-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Cyrille Patrice Launay, Hélène Rivière, Julia Chabot, Olivier Beauchet
BACKGROUND: The 6-item Brief Geriatric Assessment (BGA) is a screening tool to identify frail inpatients who are at risk of adverse health events. Its predictive value for in-hospital mortality has not been examined yet. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether the BGA is able to predict in-hospital mortality in older patients. METHODS: A total of 1082 participants were included in this observational prospective cohort study. At their admission to the medical wards of Angers University Hospital (France), all inpatients aged ≥65 years were screened with the BGA...
April 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559949/impaired-quality-of-life-and-need-for-palliative-care-in-a-german-cohort-of-advanced-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#5
Martin Klietz, Amelie Tulke, Lars H Müschen, Lejla Paracka, Christoph Schrader, Dirk W Dressler, Florian Wegner
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most frequent neurodegenerative disease of the elderly. Patients suffer from various motor and non-motor symptoms leading to reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and an increased mortality. Their loss of autonomy due to dementia, psychosis, depression, motor impairments, falls, and swallowing deficits defines a phase when palliative care interventions might help to sustain or even improve quality of life. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of palliative care implementation and quality of life in a local cohort of advanced PD patients in order to frame and improve future care...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559054/outcomes-after-falls-continue-to-worsen-despite-trauma-and-geriatric-care-advancements
#6
Eric J Charles, Nicholas J Napoli, Lily E Johnston, Carrie A Foster, Deirdre A Goode, Trevor B Parker, Eleanor A Sharp, Laura Barnes, Jeffrey S Young
The most common mechanism of traumatic injury is ground-level fall. The objective of this study was to understand how patients sustaining falls and their outcomes have evolved. An institutional trauma database was used to identify adult patients who suffered a fall and were admitted to a Level I trauma center during two distinct time periods: 1998 to 2003 (past) and 2008 to 2013 (current). Data on anticoagulant use and comorbidities was gathered by retrospective chart review of patients treated during 2003 and 2013...
March 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549679/trauma-in-elderly-patients-a-study-of-prevalence-comorbidities-and-gender-differences
#7
M Gioffrè-Florio, L M Murabito, C Visalli, F P Pergolizzi, F Famà
AIM: Trauma, in geriatric patients, increases with age, and is a leading cause of disability and institutionalization, resulting in morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to analyse the prevalence of trauma, the related risk factors, mortality and sex differences in the prevalence in a geriatric population. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We observed 4,554 patients (≥65 years) with home injuries or car accidents. Patients were evaluated with ISS (Injury Severity Score) and major trauma with ATLS (Advanced Trauma Life Support)...
January 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549210/quality-indicators-for-in-hospital-geriatric-co-management-programmes-a-systematic-literature-review-and-international-delphi-study
#8
Bastiaan Van Grootven, Lynn McNicoll, Daniel A Mendelson, Susan M Friedman, Katleen Fagard, Koen Milisen, Johan Flamaing, Mieke Deschodt
OBJECTIVE: To find consensus on appropriate and feasible structure, process and outcome indicators for the evaluation of in-hospital geriatric co-management programmes. DESIGN: An international two-round Delphi study based on a systematic literature review (searching databases, reference lists, prospective citations and trial registers). SETTING: Western Europe and the USA. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three people with at least 2 years of clinical experience in geriatric co-management were recruited...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548635/predicting-survival-in-geriatric-trauma-patients-a-comparison-between-the-triss-methodology-and-the-geriatric-trauma-outcome-score
#9
Jesús Abelardo Barea-Mendoza, Mario Chico-Fernández, Marcelino Sánchez-Casado, Ismael Molina-Díaz, Manuel Quintana-Díaz, José Manuel Jiménez-Moragas, Jon Pérez-Bárcena, Juan Antonio Llompart-Pou
INTRODUCTION: We compared the Geriatric Trauma Outcome Score (GTOS) with the probability of survival using the TRISS methodology (PS-TRISS) in geriatric severe trauma patients admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICU) participating in the Spanish trauma ICU registry (RETRAUCI). METHODS: Retrospective analysis from the RETRAUCI. Quantitative data were reported as median (Interquartile Range (IQR)), and categorical data as number (percentage). We analyzed the validity of the GTOS and PS-TRISS to predict survival...
March 13, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527468/primary-care-providers-discussion-of-fall-prevention-approaches-with-their-older-adult-patients-docstyles-2014
#10
Elizabeth R Burns, Yara K Haddad, Erin M Parker
Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults. The American and British Geriatric Societies recommend a fall risk assessment to identify risk factors and guide interventions to prevent these falls. This study describes the self-reported discussion of fall prevention approaches used by primary care providers (PCPs)-family practitioners, internists and nurse practitioners-who treat older adults. Results are described overall and by PCP type. We analyzed a sample of 1210 U.S. PCPs who participated in the 2014 DocStyles survey...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523669/community-oncologists-decision-making-for-treatment-of-older-patients-with-cancer
#11
Supriya G Mohile, Allison Magnuson, Chintan Pandya, Carla Velarde, Paul Duberstein, Arti Hurria, Kah Poh Loh, Megan Wells, Sandy Plumb, Nikesha Gilmore, Marie Flannery, Marsha Wittink, Ronald Epstein, Charles E Heckler, Michelle Janelsins, Karen Mustian, Judith O Hopkins, Jane Liu, Srihari Peri, William Dale
Background: This study's objectives were to describe community oncologists' beliefs about and confidence with geriatric care and to determine whether geriatric-relevant information influences cancer treatment decisions. Methods: Community oncologists were recruited to participate in 2 multisite geriatric oncology trials. Participants shared their beliefs about and confidence in caring for older adults. They were also asked to make a first-line chemotherapy recommendation (combination vs single-agent vs no chemotherapy) for a hypothetical vignette of an older patient with advanced pancreatic cancer...
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507821/gender-associated-factors-for-frailty-and-their-impact-on-hospitalization-and-mortality-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#12
Qin Zhang, Huanyu Guo, Haifeng Gu, Xiaohong Zhao
Background: Frailty associated with aging increases the risk of falls, disability, and death. We investigated gender-associated factors for frailty. Methods: Data of 3,079 geriatric subjects were retrieved from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2010 database. After excluding 1,126 subjects with missing data on frailty, medical history and survival, data of 1,953 patients were analyzed. Main endpoints were frailty prevalence, mortality rates and causes of death...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504994/evaluation-of-frailty-and-influencing-factors-in-old-people-in-hospital-institution-evidence-for-a-phenotype-of-frailty
#13
Fan Yang, Qing-Wei Chen
We assessed the frailty status of inpatients and analyzed the factors influencing frailty status to explore the reasons for frailty and identify feasible intervention strategies.A total of 1494 geriatric patients aged ≥60 years were recruited as subjects. All patients were hospitalized between September 2014 and August 2015 in the internal medicine units of 3 hospitals in Chongqing and Zunyi in the southwestern area of China. Patients' frailty status was evaluated using the Phenotype of Frailty scale, via face-to-face interviews coupled with physical examinations using simple equipment...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504842/fall-prevention-strategy-in-an-emergency-department
#14
Mwali Muray, Charles H Bélanger, Jamil Razmak
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to document the need for implementing a fall prevention strategy in an emergency department (ED). The paper also spells out the research process that led to approving an assessment tool for use in hospital outpatient services. Design/methodology/approach The fall risk assessment tool was based on the Morse Fall Scale. Gender mix and age above 65 and 80 years were assessed on six risk assessment variables using χ2 analyses. A logistic regression analysis and model were used to test predictor strength and relationships among variables...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467572/prevalence-of-geriatric-syndromes-among-people-aged-65-years-and-older-at-four-community-clinics-in-moscow
#15
Olga N Tkacheva, Nadezda K Runikhina, Valentina S Ostapenko, Natalia V Sharashkina, Elen A Mkhitaryan, Julia S Onuchina, Sergei N Lysenkov, Nikolai N Yakhno, Yan Press
Background: Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are common in older adults and have a significant effect on their quality of life, disability, and use of health care resources. Few studies have assessed the prevalence of GSs in Russia. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of GSs among older adults living in the community in Moscow. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in four community clinics in Moscow. A total of 1,220 patients completed a screening questionnaire, and 356 of them also underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466947/stroke-as-an-atypical-initial-presentation-of-giant-cell-arteritis
#16
Tharsika Kuganesan, Allen R Huang
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an immune mediated inflammatory disease of medium and large arteries which afflicts older people. The classical presentation features include: headache, visual disturbances, and jaw claudication. Patients diagnosed with GCA have also been observed to be at higher risk for the subsequent development of strokes. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of an 84-year old right-handed man who presented to hospital with dysarthria, dysphagia, right-sided facial drop, a history of generalized weakness and multiple falls...
February 21, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463292/effectiveness-of-interventions-aimed-at-improving-physical-and-psychological-outcomes-of-fall-related-injuries-in-people-with-dementia-a-narrative-systematic-review
#17
Shannon Robalino, Sarange B Nyakang'o, Fiona R Beyer, Chris Fox, Louise M Allan
BACKGROUND: The annual prevalence of falls in people with dementia ranges from 47 to 90%. Falls are a common reason for hospital admission in people with dementia, and there is limited research evidence regarding the care pathways experienced by this population. In addition to immediate management of an injury, prevention of further falls is likely to be an important part of any successful intervention. This review aims to assess the effectiveness of interventions for improving the physical and psychological wellbeing of people with dementia who have sustained a fall-related injury...
February 20, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460785/the-association-between-nutritional-status-and-frailty-characteristics-among-geriatric-outpatients
#18
M Kurkcu, R I Meijer, S Lonterman, M Muller, M A E de van der Schueren
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a common clinical syndrome in older adults and is associated with an increased risk of poor health outcomes, e.g. falls, disability, hospitalization, and mortality. Nutritional status might be an important factor contributing to frailty. This study aims to describe the association between nutritional status and characteristics of frailty in patients attending a geriatric outpatient clinic. METHODS: Clinical data was collected of 475 patients who visited the geriatric outpatient department of a Dutch hospital between 2005 and 2010...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451618/the-association-of-vitamin-d-levels-and-the-frailty-phenotype-among-non-geriatric-dialysis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Demet Tekdos Demircioglu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of frailty and the association of vitamin D levels and the frailty phenotype among non-geriatric dialysis patients. METHOD: Seventy-four stable, chronic hemodialysis patients from the hemodialysis unit of the hospital were enrolled in the study. The patients' medical histories and laboratory findings were obtained from the medical records of the dialysis unit. Serum parathyroid hormone and 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels were determined using chemiluminometric immunoassays...
2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423259/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-pilot-of-a-randomized-control-study-in-a-swedish-acute-hospital-a-feasibility-study
#20
Theresa Westgård, Isabelle Ottenvall Hammar, Eva Holmgren, Anna Ehrenberg, Aase Wisten, Anne W Ekdahl, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Katarina Wilhelmson
Background: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) represent an important component of geriatric acute hospital care for frail older people, secured by a multidisciplinary team who addresses the multiple needs of physical health, functional ability, psychological state, cognition and social status. The primary objective of the pilot study was to determine feasibility for recruitment and retention rates. Secondary objectives were to establish proof of principle that CGA has the potential to increase patient safety...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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