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falls in geriatric patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817825/muscle-strength-and-muscle-mass-in-older-patients-during-hospitalization-the-empower-study
#1
Jeanine M Van Ancum, Kira Scheerman, Vincent D Pierik, Siger T Numans, Sjors Verlaan, Hanne E Smeenk, Monique Slee-Valentijn, Roeliene C Kruizinga, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Low muscle strength and muscle mass are associated with an increased length of hospital stay and higher mortality rate in inpatients. To what extent hospitalization affects muscle strength and muscle mass is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess muscle strength and muscle mass at admission and during hospitalization in older patients and its relation with being at risk of geriatric conditions. METHODS: The EMPOWER study included patients aged 70 years and older, admitted to 4 wards of the VU University Medical Center in the Netherlands between April and December 2015...
August 18, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807214/early-geriatric-consultation-increases-adherence-to-tqip-geriatric-trauma-management-guidelines
#2
Lauren T Southerland, Tanya R Gure, Daniel I Ruter, Michael M Li, David C Evans
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons' Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP) Geriatric Trauma Management Guidelines recommend geriatric consultation for injured older adults. However it is not known how or whether geriatric consultation improves compliance to these quality measures. METHODS: This study is a retrospective chart review of our institutional trauma databank. Adherence to quality measures was compared before and after implementation of specific triggers for geriatric consultation...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793363/falls-a-fear-of-falling-and-related-factors-in-older-adults-with-complex-chronic-disease
#3
JuHee Lee, MoonKi Choi, Chang Oh Kim
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To identify factors influencing falls and the fear of falling among older adults with chronic diseases in Korea. BACKGROUND: The fear of falling and falls in older adults are significant health problems towards which healthcare providers should direct their attention. Further investigation is needed to improve nursing practice specifically decreasing risk of falls and the fear of falling in Korea. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional survey...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781062/value-of-geriatric-screening-and-assessment-in-predicting-postoperative-complications-in-patients-older-than-70-years-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#4
Katleen Fagard, Julie Casaer, Albert Wolthuis, Johan Flamaing, Koen Milisen, Jean-Pierre Lobelle, Hans Wildiers, Cindy Kenis
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the association between geriatric screening and geriatric assessment (GA) and the risk of 30-day postoperative complications (30d-POCs) in older patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were identified from a prospectively collected database (2009-2015). All patients underwent geriatric screening with the G8 screening tool and the Flemish version of the Triage Risk Screening Tool (fTRST)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776901/relating-factors-to-severe-injury-from-outdoor-falls-in-older-people
#5
Hey Youn Jung, Sun Hyu Kim, Sang Cheal Lee, Sunpyo Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Min Joung Kim, Ji Sook Lee, Chul Han
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, including floor characteristics and factors, related to severe injury from outdoor falls in older adults. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups based on injury severity: the severe group and non-severe group. The clinical and general characteristics were compared between the two groups, and factors associated with severe injury were investigated. RESULTS: Approximately 5% (364/7635) of older people involved in outdoor falls were classified into severe injury...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768325/estimating-risk-of-postsurgical-general-and-geriatric-complications-using-the-vespa-preoperative-tool
#6
Lillian Min, Karen Hall, Emily Finlayson, Michael Englesbe, William Palazzolo, Chiao-Li Chan, Hechuan Hou, Ashley Miller, Kathleen M Diehl
Importance: As greater numbers of older patients seek elective surgery, one approach to preventing postoperative complications is enhanced assessment of risks during preoperative evaluation. Objective: To determine whether a geriatric assessment tool can be implemented in a preoperative clinic and can estimate risk of postoperative complications. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prospective cohort study, patients 70 years of age or older were assessed in a preoperative clinic for elective surgery from July 9, 2008, to January 5, 2011...
August 2, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765993/effects-of-acute-peripheral-central-visual-field-loss-on-standing-balance
#7
Caitlin O'Connell, Arash Mahboobin, Scott Drexler, Mark S Redfern, Subashan Perera, Amy C Nau, Rakié Cham
Vision impairments such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and glaucoma are among the top risk factors for geriatric falls and falls-related injuries. AMD and glaucoma lead to loss of the central and peripheral visual fields, respectively. This study utilized a custom contact lens model to occlude the peripheral or central visual fields in healthy adults, offering a novel within-subject approach to improve our understanding of the etiology of balance impairments that may lead to an increased fall risk in patients with visual field loss...
August 1, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752139/association-between-serum-vitamin-b12-level-and-frailty-in-older-adults
#8
Ozge Dokuzlar, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik
OBJECTIVE: Frailty is associated with recurrent falls, fractures, limitation of daily living activities, cognitive impairment, increase in hospitalization, placement in nursing home, and mortality rate in older adults. Although malnutrition is one of the most important etiological factors, role of micronutrients is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate association between frailty and vitamin B12, which has been demonstrated to be related to numerous geriatric syndromes. METHODS: Total of 335 patients who presented at geriatric outpatient clinic and underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment were included in this study...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744675/potentially-inappropriate-medication-at-hospital-admission-in-patients-with-palliative-care-needs
#9
Daniel Sevilla-Sánchez, Núria Molist-Brunet, Jordi Amblàs-Novellas, Joan Espaulella-Panicot, Carles Codina-Jané
Background Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) are common in older patients with polypharmacy, and are related to negative clinical results. Little information is available on the characteristics and consequences of PIMs in patients with advanced chronic conditions and palliative care needs. Objective To evaluate, for this population: (i) the prevalence of PIMs; (ii) the possible risk factors associated with its onset; and (iii) the related clinical consequences. Setting Acute-hospital care Geriatric Unit (AGU) in County of Osona, Spain...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743320/mobility-assessments-of-geriatric-emergency-department-patients-a-systematic-review
#10
Debra Eagles, Krishan Yadav, Jeffrey J Perry, Marie Josée Sirois, Marcel Emond
OBJECTIVES: We wished to determine the impact of emergency department (ED) mobility assessments for older patients on hospitalization, return visits, future falls, and frailty. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PEDro, and OTseeker (September 2016). Two independent reviewers identified studies of patients ≥65 years with ED physical mobility assessments and outcomes of hospitalization, return to ED, falls, and frailty. Language was not restricted...
July 26, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731948/managing-cancer-pain-in-older-adults
#11
Emily J Guerard, James F Cleary
Managing cancer pain in older adults can be complex and challenging. Understanding the unique needs of older patients with cancer is important to safe and effective pain management. The goals of this review are to discuss the assessment of older adults with cancer-related pain, treatment of cancer pain, and adverse effects or potential risks from treatment that are unique to older patients. A detailed pain assessment and when possible utilizing the geriatric assessment are vital to developing a cancer pain management plan...
July 2017: Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731943/the-impact-of-polypharmacy-on-patient-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-cancer
#12
Ginah Nightingale, Emily Skonecki, Manpreet K Boparai
Polypharmacy is prevalent in older adults with cancer and may be advantageous for the management of certain chronic disease states, but uncertainty exists regarding potential hazards and consequences. Cancer-related therapy adds to the prevalence of polypharmacy, which can lead to compromised cancer management plans (i.e., postoperative complications, treatment delays, and/or premature treatment discontinuation). Polypharmacy has been identified as one of the domains commonly included in the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment likely because of the potential influence on health outcomes...
July 2017: Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724392/a-prospective-study-assessing-agreement-and-reliability-of-a-geriatric-evaluation
#13
Isabella Locatelli, Stéfanie Monod, Jacques Cornuz, Christophe J Büla, Nicolas Senn
BACKGROUND: The present study takes place within a geriatric program, aiming at improving the diagnosis and management of geriatric syndromes in primary care. Within this program it was of prime importance to be able to rely on a robust and reproducible geriatric consultation to use as a gold standard for evaluating a primary care brief assessment tool. The specific objective of the present study was thus assessing the agreement and reliability of a comprehensive geriatric consultation...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721431/depressive-symptoms-falls-and-fear-of-falling-in-old-korean-adults-the-korean-longitudinal-study-on-health-and-aging-klosha
#14
Y Park, N-J Paik, K W Kim, H-C Jang, J-Y Lim
Fall is a common cause of disability and death in old adults, and much research has been focused on identifying risk factors and developing preventive measures. Yet the majority of preceding research has been focused on physical performance. This study aims to evaluate the association between fall and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling elderly. Cross-sectional data of 431 men and 546 women was collected from old Korean adults living in Seongnam, Korea. Geriatric fall assessment was conducted by self-report questionnaires...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718704/a-study-of-sports-related-orbital-fractures-in-singapore
#15
Jing Zhan Lock, Raghuraj Hegde, Stephanie Young, Thiam Chye Lim, Shantha Amrith, Gangadhara Sundar
With an increased popularity of sport and active living worldwide, our study aims to explore the incidence and features of sports-related orbital fractures in Singapore. 1421 computer tomography (CT) imaging scans of the face and orbits done at the National University Hospital over a 24-month period from January 2013 and December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively for orbital fractures. We identified 483 orbital fractures of which sports injury was the fourth most common etiology (n = 65; 13.5%) after road traffic accident (n = 131; 27...
July 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717918/-syncope-falls-and-vertigo
#16
REVIEW
C Weingart, H-J Schneider, C C Sieber
Dizziness/vertigo, falls and syncope are among the most common reasons for seeking medical care. As clinical entities they share common pathogenetic and clinical features and differences. The diagnostic work-up can often be initiated in a general practitioner's or internist's practice and, if necessary, completed in an interdisciplinary emergency unit. Simple diagnostic tools can be used in an outpatient setting to obtain valuable diagnostic information. First and foremost, it is important to differentiate between prognostically favorable clinical events and potentially serious disease...
July 17, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713653/frail-phenotype-might-herald-bone-health-worsening-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#17
Chia-Ter Chao, Jenq-Wen Huang, Ding-Cheng Chan
BACKGROUND: Frailty exhibits a high prevalence in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and is associated with adverse health-related outcomes, including falls and fractures. Available studies do not address whether frailty is associated with temporal changes in BMD. We evaluated this issue by analyzing the follow-up dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) results in an ESRD cohort. METHODS: In 2015, we enrolled forty-three ESRD patients, divided into frail, pre-frail, and robust ones based on a validated simple FRAIL scale, all receiving DXA at baseline...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707131/posterior-locked-lateral-compression-injury-of-the-pelvis-in-geriatric-patients-an-infrequent-and-specific-variant-of-the-fragility-fracture-of-pelvis
#18
Se-Won Lee, Weon-Yoo Kim, Sung-Jun Koh, Young-Yul Kim
INTRODUCTION: Posterior locked lateral compression injury (PLLCI) of the pelvic ring is an infrequent variant of lateral compression injury, a condition described in only eight reported cases since 2000. Lateral compression injury usually results from high-energy trauma and is characterized by locking between the medially translated fractured ilium and the anterior border of the sacrum, regardless of whether the fractured ilium involves the sacroiliac joint. However, in our experience, lateral compression injury can also result from low-energy trauma as a manifestation of pelvic fragility fracture...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706089/evaluation-of-the-geriatric-co-management-for-patients-with-fragility-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur-geriatric-fracture-centre-gfc-concept-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#19
Alexander Joeris, Anahí Hurtado-Chong, Denise Hess, Vasiliki Kalampoki, Michael Blauth
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of fractures in the elderly population is a clinical challenge due partly to the presence of comorbidities. In a Geriatric Fracture Centre (GFC), patients are co-managed by a geriatrician in an attempt to improve clinical outcomes and reduce morbidity and mortality. Until now the beneficial effect of orthogeriatric co-management has not been definitively proven. The primary objective of this study is to determine the effect of GFC on predefined major adverse events related to a hip fracture compared to usual care centres (UCC)...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697791/blood-transfusion-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-anemia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-general-practitioners-attitudes
#20
Sylvain Le Calvé, Dominique Somme, Joaquim Prud'homm, Aline Corvol
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion in chronic anemia is not covered by guidelines specific to older adults. When they consider that this treatment is necessary in elderly patients, French general practitioners (GPs) contact a hospital specialist to plan a transfusion. METHODS: Twenty French GPs were questioned individually regarding their approach to blood transfusion using semi-structured interviews. Each interview was recorded, typed up verbatim and then coded using an inductive procedure by theme, in a cross-over design (two researchers) in two phases: analysis and summary, followed by grouping of the recorded comments...
July 11, 2017: BMC Family Practice
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