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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216584/effects-of-postnatal-enriched-environment-in-a-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-adult-rats
#1
Adel Jungling, Dora Reglodi, Zsofia Nozomi Karadi, Gabor Horvath, Jozsef Farkas, Balazs Gaszner, Andrea Tamas
Environmental enrichment is a widespread neuroprotective strategy during development and also in the mature nervous system. Several research groups have described that enriched environment in adult rats has an impact on the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of our present study was to examine the effects of early, postnatal environmental enrichment after 6-hydroxydopamine-induced (6-OHDA) lesion of the substantia nigra in adulthood. Newborn Wistar rats were divided into control and enriched groups according to their environmental conditions...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215681/sperm-evaluation-of-jungle-cat-felis-chaus-obtained-by-urethral-catheterization-ct-after-medetomidine-administration
#2
M S Kheirkhah, M Mollapour Sisakht, M Mohammadsadegh, H R Moslemi
This study aimed to evaluate semen from Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) by urethral catheterization (CT) after medetomidine administration that offers feasible and different approaches to obtaining good quality sperm, especially in wild felids. Accordingly, this method was tested in five Jungle Cats. After general anesthesia with the α2-agonist medetomidine (which also stimulates semen release into the urethra) and ketamine, an abdomen ultrasound was performed to locate dilation of the first segment of the urethra (prostatic urethra)...
March 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212440/emergent-inequality-and-self-organized-social-classes-in-a-network-of-power-and-frustration
#3
Benoit Mahault, Avadh Saxena, Cristiano Nisoli
We propose a simple agent-based model on a network to conceptualize the allocation of limited wealth among more abundant expectations at the interplay of power, frustration, and initiative. Concepts imported from the statistical physics of frustrated systems in and out of equilibrium allow us to compare subjective measures of frustration and satisfaction to collective measures of fairness in wealth distribution, such as the Lorenz curve and the Gini index. We find that a completely libertarian, law-of-the-jungle setting, where every agent can acquire wealth from or lose wealth to anybody else invariably leads to a complete polarization of the distribution of wealth vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111480/integrating-remotely-sensed-surface-water-extent-into-continental-scale-hydrology
#4
Beatriz Revilla-Romero, Niko Wanders, Peter Burek, Peter Salamon, Ad de Roo
In hydrological forecasting, data assimilation techniques are employed to improve estimates of initial conditions to update incorrect model states with observational data. However, the limited availability of continuous and up-to-date ground streamflow data is one of the main constraints for large-scale flood forecasting models. This is the first study that assess the impact of assimilating daily remotely sensed surface water extent at a 0.1° × 0.1° spatial resolution derived from the Global Flood Detection System (GFDS) into a global rainfall-runoff including large ungauged areas at the continental spatial scale in Africa and South America...
December 2016: Journal of Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092259/-first-case-of-chikungunya-fever-in-hermosillo-sonora-mexico
#5
Miguel Ángel Martínez-Medina, Ismael Antonio Cañedo-Dorame
The Chikungunya is an arbovirus first described during a 1952 outbreak of febrile exantematic disease in southern Tanganyika (now Tanzania). It is a virus within the alphavirus genus of the Togaviridae family, it is usually transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. Typically, the disease manifests as acute onset of fever and joint pains. This study describes the clinical characteristics the first imported case infected with chikungunya fever (CHIK) in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. We report the case of a 30 years old man seen in our emergency department due to fever, polyarthralgia, rash and headache...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073733/antibiotic-therapy-and-staphylococcal-skin-infections-in-a-tropical-malarial-zone-guyana-practices-in-conventional-and-exceptional-situations
#6
S-P Corcostegui, H Lefort, A Dia, V Pommier de Santi, C Carfantan, J Galant, E Lightburne, P Guénot, X Deparis, R Migliani, J-J Morand
A problem of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus skin infections emerged in the French armed forces in 2004, in a malaria-endemic areas. The high incidence rate led us to evaluate military staff practices. This was a cross-sectional survey of doctors and nurses deployed as officers in French Guyana since 2006. The definition of skin and soft-tissue infection came from the criteria for epidemiological surveillance of the armed forces. We studied the management of antibiotic therapy and its related difficulties...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067625/pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide-pacap-has-neuroprotective-function-in-dopamine-based-neurodegeneration-developed-in-two-parkinsonian-models
#7
G Maasz, Z Zrinyi, D Reglodi, D Petrovics, A Rivnyak, T Kiss, A Jungling, A Tamas, Z Pirger
It has been observed that pituitary-adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) rescued DAergic neurons from neurodegeneration and improved motor alterations induced by 6-hydroxy-dopamine (6-OHDA) in rat parkinsonian models. Recently we investigated the molecular background of the neuroprotective effect of PACAP in DA-based neurodegeneration using rotenone-induced snail and 6-OHDA-induced rat models of Parkinson's disease. The behavioural activity, monoamine (DA and serotonin), metabolic enzyme (S-COMT, MB-COMT and MAO-B) and PARK7/DJ-1 protein contents were measured before and after PACAP-treatment in both models...
December 22, 2016: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024540/extraction-and-characterization-of-pectins-from-primary-cell-walls-of-edible-a%C3%A3-a%C3%A3-euterpe-oleraceae-berries-fruits-of-a-monocotyledon-palm
#8
Thaisa Moro Cantu-Jungles, Marcello Iacomini, Thales R Cipriani, Lucimara M C Cordeiro
Açaí berries (Euterpe oleracea) are greatly consumed in Brazil and exported to other countries as a nutritional supplement, due to health benefits attributed to its consumption. However, the complete chemical structure of bioactive polysaccharides was not fully elucidated yet. In this work, we characterize pectic polysaccharides from açaí berries through monosaccharide composition, HPSEC, methylation and (13)C and (1)H/(13)C HSQC-DEPT-NMR analyses. A highly methoxylated homogalacturonan with a DM of 88% and Mw of 22kDa together with small amounts of a mannoglucan were found...
February 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979133/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-xylan-with-industrial-and-biomedical-applications-from-edible-a%C3%A3-a%C3%A3-berries-euterpe-oleraceae
#9
Thaisa Moro Cantu-Jungles, Marcello Iacomini, Thales R Cipriani, Lucimara M C Cordeiro
The chemical features of xylan largely determine its physical and biological properties and its use in the industry. In this work, we describe the occurrence, purification and partial characterization of a xylan in edible açaí berries (Euterpe oleraceae), using a fairly simple and inexpensive method of purification from alkaline açaí extract. A mainly linear (1→4)-β-d-xylan was found as the majority (70%) of alkali extract and 4.2% of the dry matter açaí pulp. This represents the biggest source of xylan found so far in a fruit pulp and could be suitable for applications in the industry and biomedical field...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902803/alphasim-software-for-breeding-program-simulation
#10
Anne-Michelle Faux, Gregor Gorjanc, R Chris Gaynor, Mara Battagin, Stefan M Edwards, David L Wilson, Sarah J Hearne, Serap Gonen, John M Hickey
This paper describes AlphaSim, a software package for simulating plant and animal breeding programs. AlphaSim enables the simulation of multiple aspects of breeding programs with a high degree of flexibility. AlphaSim simulates breeding programs in a series of steps: (i) simulate haplotype sequences and pedigree; (ii) drop haplotypes into the base generation of the pedigree and select single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and quantitative trait nucleotide (QTN); (iii) assign QTN effects, calculate genetic values, and simulate phenotypes; (iv) drop haplotypes into the burn-in generations; and (v) perform selection and simulate new generations...
November 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892831/who-s-afraid-of-the-beast-in-the-jamesian-closet
#11
Chikako Tanimoto
Building on the Foucauldian insight that sexuality is a discourse and thereby refusing to be chained to the Freudian repressive hypothesis, this article aims to ascertain how the closet is made and how the homosexual comes to be seen in the act of reading the literary text "The Beast in the Jungle," written by Henry James. It will examine the power relationships between the characters and between the narrator and the reader, surrounding the protagonist's sexual secret, which is linked to fear.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881654/identification-of-new-world-quails-susceptible-to-infection-with-avian-leukosis-virus-subgroup-j
#12
Jiří Plachý, Markéta Reinišová, Dana Kučerová, Filip Šenigl, Volodymyr Stepanets, Tomáš Hron, Kateřina Trejbalová, Daniel Elleder, Jiří Hejnar
: The J subgroup of avian leukosis virus (ALV-J) infects domestic chickens, jungle fowl, and turkeys. This virus enters the host cell through a receptor encoded by the tvj locus and identified as Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1. The resistance to avian leukosis virus subgroup J in a great majority of galliform species has been explained by deletions or substitutions of the critical tryptophan 38 in the first extracellular loop of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1. Because there are concerns of transspecies virus transmission, we studied natural polymorphisms and susceptibility/resistance in wild galliforms and found the presence of tryptophan 38 in four species of New World quails...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845088/medical-care-and-social-justice-in-the-jungles-of-myanmar
#13
Timothy Holtz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831601/-a-risk-based-monitoring-model-for-health-care-service-institutions-as-a-tool-to-protect-health-rights-in-peru
#14
Vicente A Benites-Zapata, Héctor A Saravia-Chong, Edward Mezones-Holguin, Allen J Aquije-Díaz, José Villegas-Ortega, Gustavo Rossel-de-Almeida, Carlos Acosta-Saal, Flor Philipps-Cuba
Objectives.: To describe the monitoring model of the Health Care Service Institutions (HCSI) of the National Health Authority (NHA) and assess the factors associated with risk-adjusted normative compliance (%RANC) within the Peruvian Health System (PHS). Materials and Methods.: We carried out a case study of the experience of the NHA in the development and implementation of a monitoring program based on the ISO 31000-2009. With HCSI as the units of analysis, we calculated the %RANC (a scorein continuous scale ranging from 0 to 100) for comprehensive monitoring (CM) and for specific evaluations made from 2013 to 2015...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820988/from-the-jungle-to-safety
#15
Anne Longfield
Unaccompanied children in the Calais refugee camp eligible under the European Union Dublin III agreement to join their families in the UK left the so-called Jungle ahead of its closure last month. Once they arrive in the UK and begin to recover from their ordeal, one of the most vital things they will need is healthcare.
November 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807913/retained-fertilizing-capability-in-cryopreserved-feline-spermatozoa
#16
K Chatdarong
Sperm cryopreservation offers a long-term preservation of male genetic materials for future assisted reproductive technologies. However, dramatic changes in temperature during freezing and thawing injure sperm cells. While motility is essential for AI and membrane integrity is crucial for in vitro fertilization (IVF), sperm DNA integrity is a common index of fertilizing capability required for AI, IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In endangered felids died unexpectedly, attempts have been made to recover as many DNA intact spermatozoa as possible from epididymis and testis to increase the opportunity to produce offspring in future...
November 3, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776178/molecular-study-of-the-amazonian-macabea-cattle-history
#17
Julio Vargas, Vincenzo Landi, Amparo Martínez, Mayra Gómez, María Esperanza Camacho, Luz Ángela Álvarez, Lenin Aguirre, Juan Vicente Delgado
Macabea cattle are the only Bos taurus breed that have adapted to the wet tropical conditions of the Amazon. This breed has integrated into the culture of the indigenous Shuar-Asuar nations probably since its origins, being one of the few European zoogenetic resources assimilated by the deep-jungle Amazon communities. Despite its potential for local endogenous sustainable development, this breed is currently endangered. The present study used molecular genetics tools to investigate the within- and between-breeds diversity, in order to characterize the breed population, define its associations with other breeds, and infer its origin and evolution...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768879/a-microbial-anthropologist-in-the-jungle
#18
Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723079/development-of-a-stretch-induced-neurotrauma-model-for-medium-throughput-screening-in-vitro-identification-of-rifampicin-as-a-neuroprotectant
#19
Isabel López-García, Domokos Gerő, Bartosz Szczesny, Petra Szoleczky, Gabor Olah, Katalin Módis, Kangling Zhang, Gao Jungling, Ping Wu, Lawrence C Sowers, Doug DeWitt, Donald S Prough, Csaba Szabo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We hypothesized that an in vitro, stretch-based model of neural injury may be useful to identify compounds that decrease the cellular damage in neurotrauma. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We screened three neural cell lines (B35, RN33B, SH-SY5Y) subjected to two differentiation methods and selected all-trans-retinoic acid-differentiated B35 rat neuroblastoma cells subjected to rapid stretch injury, coupled with a subthreshold concentration of H2 O2 , for the screen...
October 9, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708595/limited-near-and-far-transfer-effects-of-jungle-memory-working-memory-training-on-learning-mathematics-in-children-with-attentional-and-mathematical-difficulties
#20
Michel Nelwan, Evelyn H Kroesbergen
The goal of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate whether Jungle Memory working memory training (JM) affects performance on working memory tasks, performance in mathematics and gains made on a mathematics training (MT) in school aged children between 9-12 years old (N = 64) with both difficulties in mathematics, as well as attention and working memory. Children were randomly assigned to three groups and were trained in two periods: (1) JM first, followed by MT, (2) MT first, followed by JM, and (3) a control group that received MT only...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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