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Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Cell
Isabel López-García, Domokos Gerő, Bartosz Szczesny, Petra Szoleczky, Gabor Olah, Katalin Módis, Kangling Zhang, Gao Jungling, Ping Wu, Lawrence C Sowers, Doug DeWitt, Donald S Prough, Csaba Szabo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We hypothesized that an in vitro, stretch-based model of neural injury may be useful to identify compounds that decrease the cellular damage in neurotrauma. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We screened three neural cell lines (B35, RN33B, SH-SY5Y) subjected to two differentiation methods and selected all-trans-retinoic acid-differentiated B35 rat neuroblastoma cells subjected to rapid stretch injury, coupled with a subthreshold concentration of H2 O2 , for the screen...
October 9, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Michel Nelwan, Evelyn H Kroesbergen
The goal of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate whether Jungle Memory working memory training (JM) affects performance on working memory tasks, performance in mathematics and gains made on a mathematics training (MT) in school aged children between 9-12 years old (N = 64) with both difficulties in mathematics, as well as attention and working memory. Children were randomly assigned to three groups and were trained in two periods: (1) JM first, followed by MT, (2) MT first, followed by JM, and (3) a control group that received MT only...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
M D Lange, T Daldrup, F Remmers, H J Szkudlarek, J Lesting, S Guggenhuber, S Ruehle, K Jüngling, T Seidenbecher, B Lutz, H C Pape
The brain circuits underlying behavioral fear have been extensively studied over the last decades. Although the vast majority of experimental studies assess fear as a transient state of apprehension in response to a discrete threat, such phasic states of fear can shift to a sustained anxious apprehension, particularly in face of diffuse cues with unpredictable environmental contingencies. Unpredictability, in turn, is considered an important variable contributing to anxiety disorders. The networks of the extended amygdala have been suggested keys to the control of phasic and sustained states of fear, although the underlying synaptic pathways and mechanisms remain poorly understood...
October 4, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Daniel S Burns, K A Clay, M S Bailey
Undifferentiated febrile illness in a returning soldier is a common problem encountered by serving medical officers. A 32-year-old soldier presented to Birmingham Heartlands Hospital with fever and acute kidney injury after return from Borneo. Leptospirosis was suspected and empirical antibiotics were started before subsequent confirmation by serology and PCR. Leptospirosis is common in South-East Asia, and troops exercising in jungle areas, and in the UK, are at risk. Advice, including inpatient management when appropriate, is available from the UK Role 4 Military Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Service...
September 28, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Yuan Su, Diyan Li, Uma Gaur, Yan Wang, Nan Wu, Binlong Chen, Zhongxian Xu, Huadong Yin, Yaodong Hu, Qing Zhu
The sense of bitter taste plays a critical role in animals as it can help them to avoid intake of toxic and harmful substances. Previous research had revealed that chicken has only three bitter taste receptor genes (Tas2r1, Tas2r2 and Tas2r7). To better understand the genetic polymorphisms and importance of bitter taste receptor genes (Tas2rs) in chicken, here, we sequenced Tas2rs of 30 Sichuan domestic chickens and 30 Tibetan chickens. Thirteen single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including three nonsynonymous mutations (m...
September 2016: Journal of Genetics
B A Rakha, M S Ansari, S Akhter, I Hussain, E Blesbois
The population of red jungle fowl is declining and needs special attention for its conservation with suitable approaches. For ex situ in vitro conservation of Indian red jungle fowl, establishment of semen cryobank is an appropriate option, for which an extender with adequate retrieval capacity for functional spermatozoa is required. Therefore, studies were designed to evaluate a wide range of extenders for cryopreservation of Indian red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus murghi) sperm to achieve maximal post-thawed semen quality and fertility...
September 6, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
Kevin Schulte, Andreas Linkermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Rafael José Vivero, Natalia Gil Jaramillo, Gloria Cadavid-Restrepo, Sandra I Uribe Soto, Claudia Ximena Moreno Herrera
BACKGROUND: Lutzomyia evansi, a phlebotomine insect endemic to Colombia's Caribbean coast, is considered to be the main vector of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis in the region. Although insects of this species can harbor pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms in their intestinal microbiota, there is little information available about the diversity of gut bacteria present in Lutzomyia evansi. In this study, conventional microbiological methods and molecular tools were used to assess the composition of bacterial communities associated with Lutzomyia evansi guts in immature and adult stages of natural populations from the department of Sucre (Caribbean coast of Colombia)...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
Xing Guo, Qi Fang, Chendong Ma, Bangyuan Zhou, Yi Wan, Runshen Jiang
BACKGROUND: Selective breeding for genetic improvement is expected to leave distinctive selection signatures within genomes. The identification of selection signatures can help to elucidate the mechanisms of selection and accelerate genetic improvement. Fighting chickens have undergone extensive artificial selection, resulting in modifications to their morphology, physiology and behavior compared to wild species. Comparing the genomes of fighting chickens and wild species offers a unique opportunity for identifying signatures of artificial selection...
2016: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
G Dennis Shanks
Many isolated populations of tribal peoples were nearly destroyed when they first contacted infectious diseases particularly respiratory pathogens such as measles and smallpox. Surviving groups have often been found to have declining populations in the face of multiple social and infectious threats. Malaria, especially Plasmodium falciparum, was thought to be a major cause of depopulation in some tribal peoples isolated in tropical jungles. The dynamics of such host parasite interactions is unclear especially since most such populations would have had long histories of exposure to malaria...
August 20, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Sébastien Guizard, Benoît Piégu, Peter Arensburger, Florian Guillou, Yves Bigot
BACKGROUND: The program RepeatMasker and the database Repbase-ISB are part of the most widely used strategy for annotating repeats in animal genomes. They have been used to show that avian genomes have a lower repeat content (8-12 %) than the sequenced genomes of many vertebrate species (30-55 %). However, the efficiency of such a library-based strategies is dependent on the quality and completeness of the sequences in the database that is used. An alternative to these library based methods are methods that identify repeats de novo...
2016: BMC Genomics
Shuichi Ito, Shuho Hori, Makiko Hirose, Mari Iwahara, Azusa Yatsushiro, Atsushi Matsumoto, Masayuki Tanaka, Chinobu Okamoto, Ken-Ichi Yayou, Tsuyoshi Shimmura
The rhythmic locomotor behavior of flies and mice provides a phenotype for the identification of clock genes, and the underlying molecular mechanism is well studied. However, interestingly, when examining locomotor rhythm in the wild, several key laboratory-based assumptions on circadian behavior are not supported in natural conditions. The rooster crowing 'cock-a-doodle-doo' is a symbol of the break of dawn in many countries. Previously, we used domestic inbred roosters and showed that the timing of roosters' crowing is regulated by the circadian clock under laboratory conditions...
August 17, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Lars G Svensson, Matthew Eagleton, Eric Roselli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
M Schneider
"The objective of Pitfall!™ is to guide Harry through a maze of jungle scenes, jumping over or avoiding many deadly dangers… Harry has three lives in each game." If you exchange Harry's adventures with "Life with SLE," patients have to be guided through the jungle having just one life and the deadly dangers are flares, organ manifestations, and, e.g., consequences of immunosuppressive medications, especially glucocorticoids. Monitoring and treatment in line with recommendations and guidelines may be supportive to survive the first 3 to 5 levels in most cases, but for higher levels of the reality game, creativity is needed and life becomes more risky...
August 2, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Valentyna Krashevska, Bernhard Klarner, Rahayu Widyastuti, Mark Maraun, Stefan Scheu
Large areas of tropical rainforest are being converted to agricultural and plantation land uses, but little is known of biodiversity and ecological functioning under these replacement land uses. We investigated the effects of conversion of rainforest into jungle rubber, intensive rubber and oil palm plantations on testate amoebae, diverse and functionally important protists in litter and soil. Living testate amoebae species richness, density and biomass were all lower in replacement land uses than in rainforest, with the impact being more pronounced in litter than in soil...
2016: PloS One
Anjana C Karawita, Vijitha P Perera, Salika Perera, Dinusha S de Silva, Waruni R Jayaweera, Chelsea G Himsworth, Trent K Bollinger, Panduka de S Gunawardena
Calodium hepaticum infection is rarely reported in carnivores. We describe two cases of C. hepaticum infection, causing liver lesions, in wild jungle cats ( Felis chaus ) in Sri Lanka.
October 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Hayley L Brant, Robert M Ewers, Indra Vythilingam, Chris Drakeley, Suzan Benedick, John D Mumford
BACKGROUND: Malaria cases caused by Plasmodium knowlesi, a simian parasite naturally found in long-tailed and pig-tailed macaques, are increasing rapidly in Sabah, Malaysia. One hypothesis is that this increase is associated with changes in land use. A study was carried out to identify the anopheline vectors present in different forest types and to observe the human landing behaviour of mosquitoes. METHODS: Mosquito collections were carried out using human landing catches at ground and canopy levels in the Tawau Division of Sabah...
2016: Malaria Journal
Madhu C Divakar, Amani Al-Siyabi, Shirley S Varghese, Mohammed Al Rubaie
Studies related to ethnomedicines investigate the way people manage illness and diseases because of their cultural perspective. Fields like ecology, epidemiology, and medical history jointly contribute to the broad field of ethnomedical study. The knowledge gathered by traditional healers in the villages and tribal communities on natural medicines remains unfamiliar to the majority of scientists and the general population. The study of ethnomedicine principally involves the compilation of empirical data, particularly the patterns of illness and treatments from folklore...
July 2016: Oman Medical Journal
John T D Caleb, Manu Thomas Mathai
The genus Stenaelurillus Simon, 1886 is known from 35 species worldwide, including 27 species from Africa and eight from Asia (four species known from India, one from Iran, one from China, one from Tibet and one from Vietnam) (World Spider Catalog 2016). The four species known from India are S. albus Sebastian et al., 2015, S. jagannathae Das, Malik & Vidhel, 2015, S. lesserti Reimoser, 1934 and S. sarojinae Caleb & Mathai, 2014 (Prószyński 2015; World Spider Catalog 2016). The present paper contains description of Stenaelurillus metallicus sp...
2016: Zootaxa
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