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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144888/energy-expenditure-and-intake-during-special-operations-forces-field-training-in-a-jungle-and-glacial-environment
#1
Caleb D Johnson, Andrew J Simonson, Matthew E Darnell, James P DeLany, Meleesa F Wohleber, Christopher Connaboy
The purpose of this study was to identify and compare energy requirements specific to Special Operations Forces in field training, in both cool and hot environments. Three separate training sessions were evaluated, two in a hot environment (n=21) and one in a cool environment (n=8). Total energy expenditure was calculated using doubly-labeled water. Dietary intake was assessed via self-report at the end of each training mission day, and macronutrient intakes were calculated. Across the three missions, mean energy expenditure (4,618 ± 1,350 kcal/day) exceeded mean energy intake (2,429 ± 838 kcal/day) by an average of 2,200 kcal/day...
November 16, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089250/defining-y-snp-variation-among-the-flemish-population-western-europe-by-full-genome-sequencing
#2
Maarten H D Larmuseau, Gilles P P L Otten, Ronny Decorte, Philip Van Damme, Matthieu Moisse
Y-chromosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (Y-SNPs) represent a powerful tool in forensic research and casework, especially for inferring paternal ancestry of unknown perpetrators and unidentified bodies. However, the wealth of recently discovered Y-SNPs, the 'jungle' of different evolutionary lineage trees and nomenclatures, and the lack of population-wide data of many phylogenetically mapped Y-SNPs, limits the use of Y-SNPs in routine forensic approaches. Recently, a concise reference phylogeny of the human Y chromosome, the 'Minimal Reference Y-tree', was introduced aiming to provide a stable phylogeny with optimal global discrimination capacity by including the most resolving Y-SNPs...
October 28, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053842/differential-expression-of-water-channel-and-noncoding-rna-biogenesis-related-genes-in-three-lines-of-chickens-under-a-short-term-water-restriction
#3
S Orlowski, J Flees, N Anthony, S Dridi
Genetic selection for high growth rate has resulted in tremendous changes not only in feed efficiency, but also in water consumption between modern broilers and their ancestor jungle fowl (JF). However molecular mechanisms involved in water homeostasis are still not well defined. This study aimed, therefore, to determine the effect of short-term water restriction on the expression of water channel- and noncoding RNA biogenesis-related genes in the kidney and whole blood of JF, broiler population from the 1990s (RB1995), and modern broiler population developed in 2015 (ARB2015)...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052871/a-path-through-the-reticulate-pigmentation-disorder-jungle
#4
COMMENT
R C Betz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044510/disrespect-and-abuse-during-childbirth-in-fourteen-hospitals-in-nine-cities-of-peru
#5
Reneé Montesinos-Segura, Diego Urrunaga-Pastor, Giuston Mendoza-Chuctaya, Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Luis M Helguero-Santin, Franklin W Martinez-Ninanqui, Dercy L Centeno, Yanina Jiménez-Meza, Ruth C Taminche-Canayo, Liz Paucar-Tito, Wilfredo Villamonte-Calanche
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of disrespect and abuse during childbirth and its associated factors in Peru. METHODS: In an observational cross-sectional study, women were surveyed within 48 hours of live delivery at 14 hospitals located in nine Peruvian cities between April and July 2016. The survey was based on seven categories of disrespect and abuse proposed by Bowser and Hill. To evaluate factors associated with each category, prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using adjusted Poisson models with robust variances...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040575/role-of-tenofovir-alafenamide-in-the-jungle-of-antiretroviral-prescription
#6
Giovanni Guaraldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035248/furuncular-myiasis-caused-by-dermatobia-hominis-in-a-traveler-returning-from-the-amazon-jungle
#7
Ferit Kuşcu, Kerem Mazhar Özsoy, Aslıhan Ulu, Behice Kurtaran, Süheyla Kömür, Ayşe Seza İnal, Yeşim Taşova, Hasan Salih Zeki Aksu
A 39-year-old man who was returning from the Amazon Jungle and had no medical history presented with a furuncular lesion on his right parietal scalp. Despite receiving appropriate antimicrobial treatment, his lesion did not heal. After surgical intervention, a Dermatobia hominis larva was extracted. The human botfly D. hominis is the most common causative agent of furuncular myiasis among travelers returning from Central and South America. Surgery is the main treatment option, and secondary bacterial infection should be kept in mind...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020948/informed-walks-whispering-hints-to-gene-hunters-inside-networks-jungle
#8
Marilena M Bourdakou, George M Spyrou
BACKGROUND: Systemic approaches offer a different point of view on the analysis of several types of molecular associations as well as on the identification of specific gene communities in several cancer types. However, due to lack of sufficient data needed to construct networks based on experimental evidence, statistical gene co-expression networks are widely used instead. Many efforts have been made to exploit the information hidden in these networks. However, these approaches still need to capitalize comprehensively the prior knowledge encrypted into molecular pathway associations and improve their efficiency regarding the discovery of both exclusive subnetworks as candidate biomarkers and conserved subnetworks that may uncover common origins of several cancer types...
October 11, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993482/the-prediction-of-impact-of-a-looming-stimulus-onto-the-body-is-subserved-by-multisensory-integration-mechanisms
#9
Justine Cléry, Olivier Guipponi, Soline Odouard, Serge Pinède, Claire Wardak, Suliann Ben Hamed
In the jungle, survival is highly correlated with the ability to detect and distinguish between an approaching predator and a putative prey. From an ecological perspective, a predator rapidly approaching its prey is a stronger cue for flight than a slowly moving predator. In the present study, we use functional magnetic resonance imaging in the nonhuman primate, to investigate the neural bases of the prediction of an impact to the body by a looming stimulus, i.e., the neural bases of the interaction between a dynamic visual stimulus approaching the body and its expected consequences onto an independent sensory modality, namely, touch...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973989/a-meta-analysis-to-determine-the-impact-of-restaurant-menu-labeling-on-calories-and-nutrients-ordered-or-consumed-in-u-s-adults
#10
REVIEW
Thaisa M Cantu-Jungles, Lacey A McCormack, James E Slaven, Maribeth Slebodnik, Heather A Eicher-Miller
A systematic review and meta-analysis determined the effect of restaurant menu labeling on calories and nutrients chosen in laboratory and away-from-home settings in U.S. adults. Cochrane-based criteria adherent, peer-reviewed study designs conducted and published in the English language from 1950 to 2014 were collected in 2015, analyzed in 2016, and used to evaluate the effect of nutrition labeling on calories and nutrients ordered or consumed. Before and after menu labeling outcomes were used to determine weighted mean differences in calories, saturated fat, total fat, carbohydrate, and sodium ordered/consumed which were pooled across studies using random effects modeling...
September 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938768/dual-functioning-ovaries-and-atresia-in-chickens-is-it-a-coincidence
#11
D A T Sutherland, C F Honaker, P B Siegel
During the course of a QTL study involving an intercross between White Plymouth Rock chickens and Red Jungle Fowl, certain reproductive anomalies such as atresia and double ovary-oviduct became evident. Observed in reciprocal pedigreed F1 crosses were 2 full-sib pullets with dual functioning ovaries. One also had complete functioning left and right oviducts. The other had asymmetrical reproductive tracts with a typical left oviduct and a rudimentary right oviduct. In addition, there were 3 females with atresia...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927952/determining-the-glomerular-filtration-rate-an-overview
#12
REVIEW
Elke Schaeffner
Correct determination of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) as an indicator of kidney function bears great importance because clinical decision-making depends on it at many occasions. During the last years, a huge body of literature has been published on estimation and measurement of GFR. The increasing pace with which novel estimation formulae, current and newer biomarkers, assay standardization procedures as well as invasive measurement methods of GFR were published, has been overwhelming for many clinicians...
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883428/assessing-snp-genotyping-of-noninvasively-collected-wildlife-samples-using-microfluidic-arrays
#13
Alina von Thaden, Berardino Cocchiararo, Anne Jarausch, Hannah Jüngling, Alexandros A Karamanlidis, Annika Tiesmeyer, Carsten Nowak, Violeta Muñoz-Fuentes
Noninvasively collected samples are a common source of DNA in wildlife genetic studies. Currently, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping using microfluidic arrays is emerging as an easy-to-use and cost-effective methodology. Here we assessed the performance of microfluidic SNP arrays in genotyping noninvasive samples from grey wolves, European wildcats and brown bears, and we compared results with traditional microsatellite genotyping. We successfully SNP-genotyped 87%, 80% and 97% of the wolf, cat and bear samples, respectively...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883030/an-exertional-heat-illness-triage-tool-for-a-jungle-training-environment
#14
Mike Smith, R Withnall, M Boulter
This article introduces a practical triage tool designed to assist commanders, jungle training instructors (JTIs) and medical personnel to identify Defence Personnel (DP) with suspected exertional heat illness (EHI). The challenges of managing suspected EHI in a jungle training environment and the potential advantages to stratifying the urgency of evacuation are discussed. This tool has been designed to be an adjunct to the existing MOD mandated heat illness recognition and first aid training.
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878935/elevated-incidence-rates-of-diabetes-in-peru-report-from-perudiab-a-national-urban-population-based-longitudinal-study
#15
Segundo Nicolas Seclen, Moises Ernesto Rosas, Arturo Jaime Arias, Cecilia Alexandra Medina
OBJECTIVE: A recent report from a non-nationally representative, geographically diverse sample in four separate communities in Peru suggests an unusually high diabetes incidence. We aimed to estimate the national diabetes incidence rate using PERUDIAB, a probabilistic, national urban population-based longitudinal study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 662 subjects without diabetes, selected by multistage, cluster, random sampling of households, representing the 24 administrative and the 3 (coast, highlands and jungle) natural regions across the country, from both sexes, aged 25+ years at baseline, enrolled in 2010-2012, were followed for 3...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830129/genome-re-sequencing-to-identify-snp-markers-for-muscle-color-traits-in-broiler-chickens
#16
Hyeonmin R Kong, Nicholas B Anthony, Kaylee C Rowland, Bhuwan Khatri, Byungwhi C Kong
Objective: Meat quality including muscle color in chickens is an important trait and continuous selective pressures for fast growth and high yield have negatively impacted this trait. This study was conducted to investigate genetic variations responsible for regulating muscle color. Methods: Whole genome re-sequencing analysis using Illumina HiSeq paired end read method was performed with pooled DNA samples isolated from two broiler chicken lines divergently selected for muscle color [high muscle color (HMC) and low muscle color (LMC)] along with their random bred control line (RAN)...
August 22, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794010/an-unusual-case-of-an-immersion-hand-presentation-in-a-young-signaller-operating-in-the-jungle-in-belize
#17
Kirstie E Forbes, P Foster
Belize, hosting one of the British Army's overseas training areas, provides access to challenging terrain and austere environments, which allows the delivery of training to soldiers on survival and combat within the jungle environment. A 26-year-old infanteer on exercise in Belize presented with progressive bilateral dry, painful, oedematous hands, secondary to the harsh environmental conditions of the jungle and inadequate drying of his hands resulting in his inability to perform his combat duties. The symptoms completely resolved with drying, emollient application and analgesia...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763453/trophic-niches-diversity-and-community-composition-of-invertebrate-top-predators-chilopoda-as-affected-by-conversion-of-tropical-lowland-rainforest-in-sumatra-indonesia
#18
Bernhard Klarner, Helge Winkelmann, Valentyna Krashevska, Mark Maraun, Rahayu Widyastuti, Stefan Scheu
Conversion of tropical rainforests into plantations fundamentally alters ecological niches of animal species. Generalist predators such as centipedes (Chilopoda) may be able to persist in converted ecosystems due to their ability to adapt and switch to alternative prey populations. We investigated variations in community composition and trophic niches of soil and litter living centipedes in a range of ecosystems including rainforests, jungle rubber agroforests, and rubber and oil palm monocultures in two landscapes in Sumatra, Indonesia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757053/cryopreservation-of-indian-red-jungle-fowl-gallus-gallus-murghi-semen-with-polyvinylpyrrolidone
#19
Bushra Allah Rakha, Muhammad Sajjad Ansari, Shamim Akhter, Zartasha Zafar, Iftikhar Hussain, Julian Santiago-Moreno, Elisabeth Blesbois
The Indian red jungle fowl is a sub-species of the genus Gallus native to South Asia; facing high risk of extinction in its native habitat. During cryopreservation, permeable cryoprotectants like glycerol are usually employed and we previously showed encouraging results with 20% glycerol. Because bird spermatozoa contain very little intracellular water, the possibility of replacing an internal cryoprotectant by an external one is opened. In the present study, we tested the replacement of internal cryoprotectant glycerol by the external cryoprotectant Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)...
July 27, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747815/identification-of-very-small-open-reading-frames-in-the-genomes-of-holmes-jungle-virus-ord-river-virus-and-wongabel-virus-of-the-genus-hapavirus-family-rhabdoviridae
#20
REVIEW
Aneta Gubala, Susan Walsh, Jane McAllister, Richard Weir, Steven Davis, Lorna Melville, Ian Mitchell, Dieter Bulach, Penny Gauci, Alex Skvortsov, David Boyle
Viruses of the family Rhabdoviridae infect a broad range of hosts from a variety of ecological and geographical niches, including vertebrates, arthropods, and plants. The arthropod-transmitted members of this family display considerable genetic diversity and remarkable genomic flexibility that enable coding for various accessory proteins in different locations of the genome. Here, we describe the genome of Holmes Jungle virus, isolated from Culex annulirostris mosquitoes collected in northern Australia, and make detailed comparisons with the closely related Ord River and Wongabel viruses, with a focus on identifying very small open reading frames (smORFs) in their genomes...
2017: Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online
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