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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902803/alphasim-software-for-breeding-program-simulation
#1
Anne-Michelle Faux, Gregor Gorjanc, R Chris Gaynor, Mara Battagin, Stefan M Edwards, David L Wilson, Sarah J Hearne, Serap Gonen, John M Hickey
This paper describes AlphaSim, a software package for simulating plant and animal breeding programs. AlphaSim enables the simulation of multiple aspects of breeding programs with a high degree of flexibility. AlphaSim simulates breeding programs in a series of steps: (i) simulate haplotype sequences and pedigree; (ii) drop haplotypes into the base generation of the pedigree and select single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and quantitative trait nucleotide (QTN); (iii) assign QTN effects, calculate genetic values, and simulate phenotypes; (iv) drop haplotypes into the burn-in generations; and (v) perform selection and simulate new generations...
November 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892831/who-s-afraid-of-the-beast-in-the-jamesian-closet
#2
Chikako Tanimoto
Building upon the Foucauldian insight that sexuality is a discourse and thereby refusing to be chained to the Freudian repressive hypothesis, this paper aims to ascertain how the closet is made and how the homosexual comes to be seen in the act of reading the literary text, "The Beast in the Jungle," written by Henry James. It will examine the power relationships between the characters and between the narrator and the reader, surrounding the protagonist's sexual secret, which is linked to fear.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881654/identification-of-new-world-quails-susceptible-to-alv-j-infection
#3
Jiří Plachý, Markéta Reinišová, Dana Kučerová, Filip Šenigl, Volodymyr Stepanets, Tomáš Hron, Kateřina Trejbalová, Daniel Elleder, Jiří Hejnar
: The J subgroup avian leukosis virus (ALV-J) infects domestic chicken, jungle fowl, and turkey. This virus enters the host cell through a receptor encoded by the tvj locus and identified as Na+/H+ exchanger 1. The resistance to J subgroup avian leukosis virus in a great majority of galliform species was explained by deletions or substitutions of the critical tryptophan 38 in the first extracellular loop of Na+/H+ exchanger 1. Because there are concerns of transspecies virus transmission, we studied the natural polymorphisms and susceptibility/resistance in wild galliforms and found the presence of tryptophan 38 in four species of New World quails...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845088/medical-care-and-social-justice-in-the-jungles-of-myanmar
#4
Timothy Holtz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831601/-a-risk-based-monitoring-model-for-health-care-service-institutions-as-a-tool-to-protect-health-rights-in-peru
#5
Vicente A Benites-Zapata, Héctor A Saravia-Chong, Edward Mezones-Holguin, Allen J Aquije-Díaz, José Villegas-Ortega, Gustavo Rossel-de-Almeida, Carlos Acosta-Saal, Flor Philipps-Cuba
Objectives.: To describe the monitoring model of the Health Care Service Institutions (HCSI) of the National Health Authority (NHA) and assess the factors associated with risk-adjusted normative compliance (%RANC) within the Peruvian Health System (PHS). Materials and Methods.: We carried out a case study of the experience of the NHA in the development and implementation of a monitoring program based on the ISO 31000-2009. With HCSI as the units of analysis, we calculated the %RANC (a scorein continuous scale ranging from 0 to 100) for comprehensive monitoring (CM) and for specific evaluations made from 2013 to 2015...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820988/from-the-jungle-to-safety
#6
Anne Longfield
Unaccompanied children in the Calais refugee camp eligible under the European Union Dublin III agreement to join their families in the UK left the so-called Jungle ahead of its closure last month. Once they arrive in the UK and begin to recover from their ordeal, one of the most vital things they will need is healthcare.
November 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807913/retained-fertilizing-capability-in-cryopreserved-feline-spermatozoa
#7
K Chatdarong
Sperm cryopreservation offers a long-term preservation of male genetic materials for future assisted reproductive technologies. However, dramatic changes in temperature during freezing and thawing injure sperm cells. While motility is essential for AI and membrane integrity is crucial for in vitro fertilization (IVF), sperm DNA integrity is a common index of fertilizing capability required for AI, IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In endangered felids died unexpectedly, attempts have been made to recover as many DNA intact spermatozoa as possible from epididymis and testis to increase the opportunity to produce offspring in future...
November 3, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776178/molecular-study-of-the-amazonian-macabea-cattle-history
#8
Julio Vargas, Vincenzo Landi, Amparo Martínez, Mayra Gómez, María Esperanza Camacho, Luz Ángela Álvarez, Lenin Aguirre, Juan Vicente Delgado
Macabea cattle are the only Bos taurus breed that have adapted to the wet tropical conditions of the Amazon. This breed has integrated into the culture of the indigenous Shuar-Asuar nations probably since its origins, being one of the few European zoogenetic resources assimilated by the deep-jungle Amazon communities. Despite its potential for local endogenous sustainable development, this breed is currently endangered. The present study used molecular genetics tools to investigate the within- and between-breeds diversity, in order to characterize the breed population, define its associations with other breeds, and infer its origin and evolution...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768879/a-microbial-anthropologist-in-the-jungle
#9
Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723079/development-of-a-stretch-induced-neurotrauma-model-for-medium-throughput-screening-in-vitro-identification-of-rifampicin-as-a-neuroprotectant
#10
Isabel López-García, Domokos Gerő, Bartosz Szczesny, Petra Szoleczky, Gabor Olah, Katalin Módis, Kangling Zhang, Gao Jungling, Ping Wu, Lawrence C Sowers, Doug DeWitt, Donald S Prough, Csaba Szabo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We hypothesized that an in vitro, stretch-based model of neural injury may be useful to identify compounds that decrease the cellular damage in neurotrauma. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We screened three neural cell lines (B35, RN33B, SH-SY5Y) subjected to two differentiation methods and selected all-trans-retinoic acid-differentiated B35 rat neuroblastoma cells subjected to rapid stretch injury, coupled with a subthreshold concentration of H2 O2 , for the screen...
October 9, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708595/limited-near-and-far-transfer-effects-of-jungle-memory-working-memory-training-on-learning-mathematics-in-children-with-attentional-and-mathematical-difficulties
#11
Michel Nelwan, Evelyn H Kroesbergen
The goal of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate whether Jungle Memory working memory training (JM) affects performance on working memory tasks, performance in mathematics and gains made on a mathematics training (MT) in school aged children between 9-12 years old (N = 64) with both difficulties in mathematics, as well as attention and working memory. Children were randomly assigned to three groups and were trained in two periods: (1) JM first, followed by MT, (2) MT first, followed by JM, and (3) a control group that received MT only...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698427/cannabinoid-cb1-receptors-in-distinct-circuits-of-the-extended-amygdala-determine-fear-responsiveness-to-unpredictable-threat
#12
M D Lange, T Daldrup, F Remmers, H J Szkudlarek, J Lesting, S Guggenhuber, S Ruehle, K Jüngling, T Seidenbecher, B Lutz, H C Pape
The brain circuits underlying behavioral fear have been extensively studied over the last decades. Although the vast majority of experimental studies assess fear as a transient state of apprehension in response to a discrete threat, such phasic states of fear can shift to a sustained anxious apprehension, particularly in face of diffuse cues with unpredictable environmental contingencies. Unpredictability, in turn, is considered an important variable contributing to anxiety disorders. The networks of the extended amygdala have been suggested keys to the control of phasic and sustained states of fear, although the underlying synaptic pathways and mechanisms remain poorly understood...
October 4, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680577/leptospirosis-in-a-british-soldier-after-travel-to-borneo
#13
Daniel S Burns, K A Clay, M S Bailey
Undifferentiated febrile illness in a returning soldier is a common problem encountered by serving medical officers. A 32-year-old soldier presented to Birmingham Heartlands Hospital with fever and acute kidney injury after return from Borneo. Leptospirosis was suspected and empirical antibiotics were started before subsequent confirmation by serology and PCR. Leptospirosis is common in South-East Asia, and troops exercising in jungle areas, and in the UK, are at risk. Advice, including inpatient management when appropriate, is available from the UK Role 4 Military Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Service...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659339/genetic-diversity-of-bitter-taste-receptor-gene-family-in-sichuan-domestic-and-tibetan-chicken-populations
#14
Yuan Su, Diyan Li, Uma Gaur, Yan Wang, Nan Wu, Binlong Chen, Zhongxian Xu, Huadong Yin, Yaodong Hu, Qing Zhu
The sense of bitter taste plays a critical role in animals as it can help them to avoid intake of toxic and harmful substances. Previous research had revealed that chicken has only three bitter taste receptor genes (Tas2r1, Tas2r2 and Tas2r7). To better understand the genetic polymorphisms and importance of bitter taste receptor genes (Tas2rs) in chicken, here, we sequenced Tas2rs of 30 Sichuan domestic chickens and 30 Tibetan chickens. Thirteen single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including three nonsynonymous mutations (m...
September 2016: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634420/cryopreservation-of-indian-red-jungle-fowl-gallus-gallus-murghi-semen
#15
B A Rakha, M S Ansari, S Akhter, I Hussain, E Blesbois
The population of red jungle fowl is declining and needs special attention for its conservation with suitable approaches. For ex situ in vitro conservation of Indian red jungle fowl, establishment of semen cryobank is an appropriate option, for which an extender with adequate retrieval capacity for functional spermatozoa is required. Therefore, studies were designed to evaluate a wide range of extenders for cryopreservation of Indian red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus murghi) sperm to achieve maximal post-thawed semen quality and fertility...
September 6, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628072/welcome-to-the-jungle-the-kidney-during-sepsis
#16
Kevin Schulte, Andreas Linkermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618991/structural-differences-in-gut-bacteria-communities-in-developmental-stages-of-natural-populations-of-lutzomyia-evansi-from-colombia-s-caribbean-coast
#17
Rafael José Vivero, Natalia Gil Jaramillo, Gloria Cadavid-Restrepo, Sandra I Uribe Soto, Claudia Ximena Moreno Herrera
BACKGROUND: Lutzomyia evansi, a phlebotomine insect endemic to Colombia's Caribbean coast, is considered to be the main vector of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis in the region. Although insects of this species can harbor pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms in their intestinal microbiota, there is little information available about the diversity of gut bacteria present in Lutzomyia evansi. In this study, conventional microbiological methods and molecular tools were used to assess the composition of bacterial communities associated with Lutzomyia evansi guts in immature and adult stages of natural populations from the department of Sucre (Caribbean coast of Colombia)...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565441/whole-genome-resequencing-of-xishuangbanna-fighting-chicken-to-identify-signatures-of-selection
#18
Xing Guo, Qi Fang, Chendong Ma, Bangyuan Zhou, Yi Wan, Runshen Jiang
BACKGROUND: Selective breeding for genetic improvement is expected to leave distinctive selection signatures within genomes. The identification of selection signatures can help to elucidate the mechanisms of selection and accelerate genetic improvement. Fighting chickens have undergone extensive artificial selection, resulting in modifications to their morphology, physiology and behavior compared to wild species. Comparing the genomes of fighting chickens and wild species offers a unique opportunity for identifying signatures of artificial selection...
2016: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555283/historical-review-does-falciparum-malaria-destroy-isolated-tribal-populations
#19
G Dennis Shanks
Many isolated populations of tribal peoples were nearly destroyed when they first contacted infectious diseases particularly respiratory pathogens such as measles and smallpox. Surviving groups have often been found to have declining populations in the face of multiple social and infectious threats. Malaria, especially Plasmodium falciparum, was thought to be a major cause of depopulation in some tribal peoples isolated in tropical jungles. The dynamics of such host parasite interactions is unclear especially since most such populations would have had long histories of exposure to malaria...
August 20, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542599/deep-landscape-update-of-dispersed-and-tandem-repeats-in-the-genome-model-of-the-red-jungle-fowl-gallus-gallus-using-a-series-of-de-novo-investigating-tools
#20
Sébastien Guizard, Benoît Piégu, Peter Arensburger, Florian Guillou, Yves Bigot
BACKGROUND: The program RepeatMasker and the database Repbase-ISB are part of the most widely used strategy for annotating repeats in animal genomes. They have been used to show that avian genomes have a lower repeat content (8-12 %) than the sequenced genomes of many vertebrate species (30-55 %). However, the efficiency of such a library-based strategies is dependent on the quality and completeness of the sequences in the database that is used. An alternative to these library based methods are methods that identify repeats de novo...
2016: BMC Genomics
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