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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883428/assessing-snp-genotyping-of-noninvasively-collected-wildlife-samples-using-microfluidic-arrays
#1
Alina von Thaden, Berardino Cocchiararo, Anne Jarausch, Hannah Jüngling, Alexandros A Karamanlidis, Annika Tiesmeyer, Carsten Nowak, Violeta Muñoz-Fuentes
Noninvasively collected samples are a common source of DNA in wildlife genetic studies. Currently, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping using microfluidic arrays is emerging as an easy-to-use and cost-effective methodology. Here we assessed the performance of microfluidic SNP arrays in genotyping noninvasive samples from grey wolves, European wildcats and brown bears, and we compared results with traditional microsatellite genotyping. We successfully SNP-genotyped 87%, 80% and 97% of the wolf, cat and bear samples, respectively...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883030/an-exertional-heat-illness-triage-tool-for-a-jungle-training-environment
#2
Mike Smith, R Withnall, M Boulter
This article introduces a practical triage tool designed to assist commanders, jungle training instructors (JTIs) and medical personnel to identify Defence Personnel (DP) with suspected exertional heat illness (EHI). The challenges of managing suspected EHI in a jungle training environment and the potential advantages to stratifying the urgency of evacuation are discussed. This tool has been designed to be an adjunct to the existing MOD mandated heat illness recognition and first aid training.
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878935/elevated-incidence-rates-of-diabetes-in-peru-report-from-perudiab-a-national-urban-population-based-longitudinal-study
#3
Segundo Nicolas Seclen, Moises Ernesto Rosas, Arturo Jaime Arias, Cecilia Alexandra Medina
OBJECTIVE: A recent report from a non-nationally representative, geographically diverse sample in four separate communities in Peru suggests an unusually high diabetes incidence. We aimed to estimate the national diabetes incidence rate using PERUDIAB, a probabilistic, national urban population-based longitudinal study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 662 subjects without diabetes, selected by multistage, cluster, random sampling of households, representing the 24 administrative and the 3 (coast, highlands and jungle) natural regions across the country, from both sexes, aged 25+ years at baseline, enrolled in 2010-2012, were followed for 3...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830129/genome-re-sequencing-to-identify-snp-markers-for-muscle-color-traits-in-broiler-chickens
#4
Hyeonmin R Kong, Nicholas B Anthony, Kaylee C Rowland, Bhuwan Khatri, Byungwhi C Kong
Objective: Meat quality including muscle color in chickens is an important trait and continuous selective pressures for fast growth and high yield have negatively impacted this trait. This study was conducted to investigate genetic variations responsible for regulating muscle color. Methods: Whole genome re-sequencing analysis using Illumina HiSeq paired end read method was performed with pooled DNA samples isolated from two broiler chicken lines divergently selected for muscle color [high muscle color (HMC) and low muscle color (LMC)] along with their random bred control line (RAN)...
August 22, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794010/an-unusual-case-of-an-immersion-hand-presentation-in-a-young-signaller-operating-in-the-jungle-in-belize
#5
Kirstie E Forbes, P Foster
Belize, hosting one of the British Army's overseas training areas, provides access to challenging terrain and austere environments, which allows the delivery of training to soldiers on survival and combat within the jungle environment. A 26-year-old infanteer on exercise in Belize presented with progressive bilateral dry, painful, oedematous hands, secondary to the harsh environmental conditions of the jungle and inadequate drying of his hands resulting in his inability to perform his combat duties. The symptoms completely resolved with drying, emollient application and analgesia...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763453/trophic-niches-diversity-and-community-composition-of-invertebrate-top-predators-chilopoda-as-affected-by-conversion-of-tropical-lowland-rainforest-in-sumatra-indonesia
#6
Bernhard Klarner, Helge Winkelmann, Valentyna Krashevska, Mark Maraun, Rahayu Widyastuti, Stefan Scheu
Conversion of tropical rainforests into plantations fundamentally alters ecological niches of animal species. Generalist predators such as centipedes (Chilopoda) may be able to persist in converted ecosystems due to their ability to adapt and switch to alternative prey populations. We investigated variations in community composition and trophic niches of soil and litter living centipedes in a range of ecosystems including rainforests, jungle rubber agroforests, and rubber and oil palm monocultures in two landscapes in Sumatra, Indonesia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757053/cryopreservation-of-indian-red-jungle-fowl-gallus-gallus-murghi-semen-with-polyvinylpyrrolidone
#7
Bushra Allah Rakha, Muhammad Sajjad Ansari, Shamim Akhter, Zartasha Zafar, Iftikhar Hussain, Julian Santiago-Moreno, Elisabeth Blesbois
The Indian red jungle fowl is a sub-species of the genus Gallus native to South Asia; facing high risk of extinction in its native habitat. During cryopreservation, permeable cryoprotectants like glycerol are usually employed and we previously showed encouraging results with 20% glycerol. Because bird spermatozoa contain very little intracellular water, the possibility of replacing an internal cryoprotectant by an external one is opened. In the present study, we tested the replacement of internal cryoprotectant glycerol by the external cryoprotectant Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)...
July 27, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747815/identification-of-very-small-open-reading-frames-in-the-genomes-of-holmes-jungle-virus-ord-river-virus-and-wongabel-virus-of-the-genus-hapavirus-family-rhabdoviridae
#8
REVIEW
Aneta Gubala, Susan Walsh, Jane McAllister, Richard Weir, Steven Davis, Lorna Melville, Ian Mitchell, Dieter Bulach, Penny Gauci, Alex Skvortsov, David Boyle
Viruses of the family Rhabdoviridae infect a broad range of hosts from a variety of ecological and geographical niches, including vertebrates, arthropods, and plants. The arthropod-transmitted members of this family display considerable genetic diversity and remarkable genomic flexibility that enable coding for various accessory proteins in different locations of the genome. Here, we describe the genome of Holmes Jungle virus, isolated from Culex annulirostris mosquitoes collected in northern Australia, and make detailed comparisons with the closely related Ord River and Wongabel viruses, with a focus on identifying very small open reading frames (smORFs) in their genomes...
2017: Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745453/conscious-awareness-and-time-perception
#9
Carlos Montemayor
This paper examines Zhou, Pöppel, and Bao's 2014 proposal ("In the Jungle of Time: The Concept of Identity as a Way Out," https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00844) to unify the psychology of time through a biological principle concerning identity and homeostasis. Although the present analysis largely agrees with their proposal, it argues that a Dual Model of time (see Montemayor's 2013 monograph, Minding Time: A Philosophical and Theoretical Approach to the Psychology of Time) is needed to account for two important roles in time cognition, one related to navigation and the other to conscious awareness...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731999/-duodenal-linphoma-asociated-to-strongyloides-stercoralis-infection-two-types-of-htlv-1-infection
#10
Julissa Guevara Miranda, Patricia Guzmán Rojas, Jorge Espinoza-Ríos, Fernando Mejía Cordero
Infection by the Human T- Lymphotropic virus I (HTLV-1) causes Adult T cell Leukemia-lymphoma (ATLL), being the duodenal involvement rare. Commonly, patients co-infected with HTLV-1 and Strongyloides stercoralis are seen due to the lack of TH2 response found on these patients. We describe a 48-year- old woman, from the jungle of Peru, with a family history of HTLV-1 infection, who presented with a History of chronic diarrhea and weight loss. HTLV-1 infection with ATLL and strongyloidiasis were diagnosed. Ivermectin treatment and chemotherapy were initiated, being stabilized, and discharged...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728972/numerical-characterisation-of-one-step-and-three-step-solar-air-heating-collectors-used-for-cocoa-bean-solar-drying
#11
Elder Mendoza Orbegoso, Rafael Saavedra, Daniel Marcelo, Raúl La Madrid
In the northern coastal and jungle areas of Peru, cocoa beans are dried using artisan methods, such as direct exposure to sunlight. This traditional process is time intensive, leading to a reduction in productivity and, therefore, delays in delivery times. The present study was intended to numerically characterise the thermal behaviour of three configurations of solar air heating collectors in order to determine which demonstrated the best thermal performance under several controlled operating conditions. For this purpose, a computational fluid dynamics model was developed to describe the simultaneous convective and radiative heat transfer phenomena under several operation conditions...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708490/effect-of-season-and-age-on-indian-red-jungle-fowl-gallus-gallus-murghi-semen-characteristics-a-4-year-retrospective-study
#12
B A Rakha, M S Ansari, S Akhter, E Blesbois
The reproductive potential of the adult males is expected to vary with age/season and largely differ not only in closely related avian species but even in subspecies, breeds and/or strains of the same species. Thus, it is pre-requisite to have knowledge of seminal parameters to achieve maximum production potential of at-risk species for ex situ in vitro conservation programs. A 4-year study was designed to evaluate the effect of age and season (spring, summer, autumn and winter) on semen characteristics of Indian red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus murghi) in a retrospective manner...
May 24, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697470/structural-diversity-of-alkali-soluble-polysaccharides-from-the-fruit-cell-walls-of-tucum%C3%A3-astrocaryum-aculeatum-a-commelinid-monocotyledon-from-the-family-arecaceae
#13
Thaisa Moro Cantu-Jungles, Marcello Iacomini, Thales R Cipriani, Lucimara M C Cordeiro
The polysaccharide compositions of primary and secondary cell walls of members of the family Arecaceae in the commelinid clade of monocotyledonous plants have previously been found to be distinguishable from other commelinid families, and to be more similar to those of non-commelinids. However, few studies have been conducted. We aimed to extract and characterize the main cell-wall polysaccharides in the fruit pulp of tucumã (Astrocaryum aculeatum), a member of Arecaceae family. Hemicellulosic polysaccharides extracted by alkali from the fruit pulp were present in greater proportions (6...
July 4, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680671/on-the-occurrence-of-three-non-native-cichlid-species-including-the-first-record-of-a-feral-population-of-pelmatolapia-tilapia-mariae-boulenger-1899-in-europe
#14
Juliane A Y Lukas, Jonas Jourdan, Gregor Kalinkat, Sebastian Emde, Friedrich Wilhelm Miesen, Hannah Jüngling, Berardino Cocchiararo, David Bierbach
Thermally influenced freshwater systems provide suitable conditions for non-native species of tropical and subtropical origin to survive and form proliferating populations beyond their native ranges. In Germany, non-native convict cichlids (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) and tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) have established populations in the Gillbach, a small stream that receives warm water discharge from a local power plant. Here, we report on the discovery of spotted tilapia (Pelmatolapia mariae) in the Gillbach, the first record of a reproducing population of this species in Europe...
June 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619531/-find-your-way-in-the-jungle-of-mabs
#15
H Watier
The rapidly increasing number of approved monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and the huge number of mAbs in clinical development are a matter of concern for who wants to easily identify targets, indications, mechanisms of action and possible adverse effects. The current nomenclature being of limited interest, simple rationales will be presented for helping practitioners in rapidly classify mAbs depending on their structure-pharmacology relationship and in evaluating their potential effects, particularly in transfusion medicine...
June 12, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609968/-i-hersilia-i-i-aadi-i-pravalikha-srinivasulu-amp-srinivasulu-2014-a-junior-synonym-of-i-hersilia-savignyi-i-lucas-1836-araneae-hersiliidae
#16
John T D Caleb, G B Pravalikha, Benaiah Ebenezer Johnson, Mitemlu Manyu, Soreiphy Mungkung, Manu Thomas Mathai
The genus Hersilia was established by Audouin in 1826 with H. caudata Audouin, 1826 as the type species. It is the most speciose hersiliid genus presently comprising 79 described species worldwide (World Spider Catalog 2017, version 18). There are seven species known from India: H. aadi Pravalikha, Srinivasulu & Srinivasulu, 2014, H. longivulva Sen et al., 2010, H. orvakalensis Javed et al., 2010, H. savignyi Lucas, 1836, H. striata Wang & Yin, 1985, H. sumatrana (Thorell, 1890), H. tibialis Baehr & Baehr, 1993...
April 18, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594404/precision-medicine-for-hepatocelluar-carcinoma-using-molecular-pattern-diagnostics-results-from-a-preclinical-pilot-study
#17
Rahul Agarwal, Yuan Cao, Klaus Hoffmeier, Nicolas Krezdorn, Lukas Jost, Alejandro Rodriguez Meisel, Ruth Jüngling, Francesco Dituri, Serena Mancarella, Björn Rotter, Peter Winter, Gianluigi Giannelli
The aim of this study was to design a road map for personalizing cancer therapy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by using molecular pattern diagnostics. As an exploratory study, we investigated molecular patterns of tissues of two tumors from individual HCC patients, which in previous experiments had shown contrasting reactions to the phase 2 transforming growth factor beta receptor 1 inhibitor galunisertib. Cancer-driving molecular patterns encompass - inter alias - altered transcription profiles and somatic mutations in coding regions differentiating tumors from their respective peritumoral tissues and from each other...
June 8, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589386/navigating-the-jungles-of-tropical-infectious-gastrointestinal-pathology-a-pattern-based-approach-to-the-endoscopic-biopsy
#18
Tomas Slavik, Gregory Y Lauwers
International travels and global human migration have had the unforeseen consequence of increasing the exposure of histopathologists in developed countries to the pathology of tropical infectious disease. The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is often the primary site of infection due to the faecal-oral route of transmission and the high risk of exposure to contaminated water, food or soil when travelling to these regions. Whilst current microbiologic techniques are far more sensitive than histology in detecting infectious pathogens, the histopathologist nonetheless retains a pivotal role in diagnosing tropical GIT disease...
June 6, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573253/in-vivo-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatoprotective-and-in-vitro-cytotoxic-activities-of-garcinia-hombroniana-seashore-mangosteen
#19
Nargis Jamila, Naeem Khan, Amir Atlas Khan, Imran Khan, Sadiq Noor Khan, Zainal Amiruddin Zakaria, Melati Khairuddean, Hasnah Osman, Kyong Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Garcinia hombroniana, known as "manggis hutan" (jungle mangosteen) in Malaysia, is distributed in tropical Asia, Borneo, Thailand, Andaman, Nicobar Islands, Vietnam and India. In Malaysia, its ripened crimson sour fruit rind is used as a seasoning agent in curries and culinary dishes. Its roots and leaves decoction is used against skin infections and after child birth. This study aimed to evaluate in vivo hepatoprotective and in vitro cytotoxic activities of 20% methanolic ethyl acetate (MEA) G...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558694/accurate-characterization-of-the-ifitm-locus-using-miseq-and-pacbio-sequencing-shows-genetic-variation-in-galliformes
#20
Irene Bassano, Swee Hoe Ong, Nathan Lawless, Thomas Whitehead, Mark Fife, Paul Kellam
BACKGROUND: Interferon inducible transmembrane (IFITM) proteins are effectors of the immune system widely characterized for their role in restricting infection by diverse enveloped and non-enveloped viruses. The chicken IFITM (chIFITM) genes are clustered on chromosome 5 and to date four genes have been annotated, namely chIFITM1, chIFITM3, chIFITM5 and chIFITM10. However, due to poor assembly of this locus in the Gallus Gallus v4 genome, accurate characterization has so far proven problematic...
May 30, 2017: BMC Genomics
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