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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731999/-duodenal-linphoma-asociated-to-strongyloides-stercoralis-infection-two-types-of-htlv-1-infection
#1
Julissa Guevara Miranda, Patricia Guzmán Rojas, Jorge Espinoza-Ríos, Fernando Mejía Cordero
Infection by the Human T- Lymphotropic virus I (HTLV-1) causes Adult T cell Leukemia-lymphoma (ATLL), being the duodenal involvement rare. Commonly, patients co-infected with HTLV-1 and Strongyloides stercoralis are seen due to the lack of TH2 response found on these patients. We describe a 48-year- old woman, from the jungle of Peru, with a family history of HTLV-1 infection, who presented with a History of chronic diarrhea and weight loss. HTLV-1 infection with ATLL and strongyloidiasis were diagnosed. Ivermectin treatment and chemotherapy were initiated, being stabilized, and discharged...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728972/numerical-characterisation-of-one-step-and-three-step-solar-air-heating-collectors-used-for-cocoa-bean-solar-drying
#2
Elder Mendoza Orbegoso, Rafael Saavedra, Daniel Marcelo, Raúl La Madrid
In the northern coastal and jungle areas of Peru, cocoa beans are dried using artisan methods, such as direct exposure to sunlight. This traditional process is time intensive, leading to a reduction in productivity and, therefore, delays in delivery times. The present study was intended to numerically characterise the thermal behaviour of three configurations of solar air heating collectors in order to determine which demonstrated the best thermal performance under several controlled operating conditions. For this purpose, a computational fluid dynamics model was developed to describe the simultaneous convective and radiative heat transfer phenomena under several operation conditions...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708490/effect-of-season-and-age-on-indian-red-jungle-fowl-gallus-gallus-murghi-semen-characteristics-a-4-year-retrospective-study
#3
B A Rakha, M S Ansari, S Akhter, E Blesbois
The reproductive potential of the adult males is expected to vary with age/season and largely differ not only in closely related avian species but even in subspecies, breeds and/or strains of the same species. Thus, it is pre-requisite to have knowledge of seminal parameters to achieve maximum production potential of at-risk species for ex situ in vitro conservation programs. A 4-year study was designed to evaluate the effect of age and season (spring, summer, autumn and winter) on semen characteristics of Indian red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus murghi) in a retrospective manner...
May 24, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697470/structural-diversity-of-alkali-soluble-polysaccharides-from-the-fruit-cell-walls-of-tucum%C3%A3-astrocaryum-aculeatum-a-commelinid-monocotyledon-from-the-family-arecaceae
#4
Thaisa Moro Cantu-Jungles, Marcello Iacomini, Thales R Cipriani, Lucimara M C Cordeiro
The polysaccharide compositions of primary and secondary cell walls of members of the family Arecaceae in the commelinid clade of monocotyledonous plants have previously been found to be distinguishable from other commelinid families, and to be more similar to those of non-commelinids. However, few studies have been conducted. We aimed to extract and characterize the main cell-wall polysaccharides in the fruit pulp of tucumã (Astrocaryum aculeatum), a member of Arecaceae family. Hemicellulosic polysaccharides extracted by alkali from the fruit pulp were present in greater proportions (6...
July 4, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680671/on-the-occurrence-of-three-non-native-cichlid-species-including-the-first-record-of-a-feral-population-of-pelmatolapia-tilapia-mariae-boulenger-1899-in-europe
#5
Juliane A Y Lukas, Jonas Jourdan, Gregor Kalinkat, Sebastian Emde, Friedrich Wilhelm Miesen, Hannah Jüngling, Berardino Cocchiararo, David Bierbach
Thermally influenced freshwater systems provide suitable conditions for non-native species of tropical and subtropical origin to survive and form proliferating populations beyond their native ranges. In Germany, non-native convict cichlids (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) and tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) have established populations in the Gillbach, a small stream that receives warm water discharge from a local power plant. Here, we report on the discovery of spotted tilapia (Pelmatolapia mariae) in the Gillbach, the first record of a reproducing population of this species in Europe...
June 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619531/-find-your-way-in-the-jungle-of-mabs
#6
H Watier
The rapidly increasing number of approved monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and the huge number of mAbs in clinical development are a matter of concern for who wants to easily identify targets, indications, mechanisms of action and possible adverse effects. The current nomenclature being of limited interest, simple rationales will be presented for helping practitioners in rapidly classify mAbs depending on their structure-pharmacology relationship and in evaluating their potential effects, particularly in transfusion medicine...
June 12, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609968/-i-hersilia-i-i-aadi-i-pravalikha-srinivasulu-amp-srinivasulu-2014-a-junior-synonym-of-i-hersilia-savignyi-i-lucas-1836-araneae-hersiliidae
#7
John T D Caleb, G B Pravalikha, Benaiah Ebenezer Johnson, Mitemlu Manyu, Soreiphy Mungkung, Manu Thomas Mathai
The genus Hersilia was established by Audouin in 1826 with H. caudata Audouin, 1826 as the type species. It is the most speciose hersiliid genus presently comprising 79 described species worldwide (World Spider Catalog 2017, version 18). There are seven species known from India: H. aadi Pravalikha, Srinivasulu & Srinivasulu, 2014, H. longivulva Sen et al., 2010, H. orvakalensis Javed et al., 2010, H. savignyi Lucas, 1836, H. striata Wang & Yin, 1985, H. sumatrana (Thorell, 1890), H. tibialis Baehr & Baehr, 1993...
April 18, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594404/precision-medicine-for-hepatocelluar-carcinoma-using-molecular-pattern-diagnostics-results-from-a-preclinical-pilot-study
#8
Rahul Agarwal, Yuan Cao, Klaus Hoffmeier, Nicolas Krezdorn, Lukas Jost, Alejandro Rodriguez Meisel, Ruth Jüngling, Francesco Dituri, Serena Mancarella, Björn Rotter, Peter Winter, Gianluigi Giannelli
The aim of this study was to design a road map for personalizing cancer therapy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by using molecular pattern diagnostics. As an exploratory study, we investigated molecular patterns of tissues of two tumors from individual HCC patients, which in previous experiments had shown contrasting reactions to the phase 2 transforming growth factor beta receptor 1 inhibitor galunisertib. Cancer-driving molecular patterns encompass - inter alias - altered transcription profiles and somatic mutations in coding regions differentiating tumors from their respective peritumoral tissues and from each other...
June 8, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589386/navigating-the-jungles-of-tropical-infectious-gastrointestinal-pathology-a-pattern-based-approach-to-the-endoscopic-biopsy
#9
Tomas Slavik, Gregory Y Lauwers
International travels and global human migration have had the unforeseen consequence of increasing the exposure of histopathologists in developed countries to the pathology of tropical infectious disease. The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is often the primary site of infection due to the faecal-oral route of transmission and the high risk of exposure to contaminated water, food or soil when travelling to these regions. Whilst current microbiologic techniques are far more sensitive than histology in detecting infectious pathogens, the histopathologist nonetheless retains a pivotal role in diagnosing tropical GIT disease...
June 6, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573253/in-vivo-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatoprotective-and-in-vitro-cytotoxic-activities-of-garcinia-hombroniana-seashore-mangosteen
#10
Nargis Jamila, Naeem Khan, Amir Atlas Khan, Imran Khan, Sadiq Noor Khan, Zainal Amiruddin Zakaria, Melati Khairuddean, Hasnah Osman, Kyong Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Garcinia hombroniana, known as "manggis hutan" (jungle mangosteen) in Malaysia, is distributed in tropical Asia, Borneo, Thailand, Andaman, Nicobar Islands, Vietnam and India. In Malaysia, its ripened crimson sour fruit rind is used as a seasoning agent in curries and culinary dishes. Its roots and leaves decoction is used against skin infections and after child birth. This study aimed to evaluate in vivo hepatoprotective and in vitro cytotoxic activities of 20% methanolic ethyl acetate (MEA) G...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558694/accurate-characterization-of-the-ifitm-locus-using-miseq-and-pacbio-sequencing-shows-genetic-variation-in-galliformes
#11
Irene Bassano, Swee Hoe Ong, Nathan Lawless, Thomas Whitehead, Mark Fife, Paul Kellam
BACKGROUND: Interferon inducible transmembrane (IFITM) proteins are effectors of the immune system widely characterized for their role in restricting infection by diverse enveloped and non-enveloped viruses. The chicken IFITM (chIFITM) genes are clustered on chromosome 5 and to date four genes have been annotated, namely chIFITM1, chIFITM3, chIFITM5 and chIFITM10. However, due to poor assembly of this locus in the Gallus Gallus v4 genome, accurate characterization has so far proven problematic...
May 30, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548278/neuropeptide-s-precursor-knockout-mice-display-memory-and-arousal-deficits
#12
Xiaobin Liu, Wei Si, Celia Garau, Kay Jüngling, Hans-Christian Pape, Stefan Schulz, Rainer K Reinscheid
Activation of neuropeptide S (NPS) signaling has been found to produce arousal, wakefulness, anxiolytic-like behaviors, and enhanced memory formation. In order to further study physiological functions of the NPS system, we generated NPS precursor knockout mice by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells. NPS(-/-) mice were viable, fertile, and anatomically normal, when compared to their wild-type and heterozygous littermates. The total number of NPS neurons-although no longer synthesizing the peptide - was not affected by the knockout, as analyzed in NPS(-/-) /NPS(EGFP) double transgenic mice...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542781/morphological-variation-in-brain-through-domestication-of-fowl
#13
Soichiro Kawabe, Naoki Tsunekawa, Kohei Kudo, Chanin Tirawattanawanich, Fumihito Akishinonomiya, Hideki Endo
Great variations in the size, shape, color, feather structure and behavior are observed among fowl breeds. Because many types of domestic fowls have been bred for various purposes, they are ideal to assess the relationship between brain morphology and avian biology. However, little is known about changes in brain shape that may have occurred during fowl domestication. We analyzed the brains of red jungle fowl and domestic fowl to clarify differences in the brain shape between these breeds, as well as the shape changes associated with size enlargement using three-dimensional geometric morphometrics...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509895/-chronic-malnutrition-among-children-under-five-in-peru-a-spatial-analysis-of-nutritional-data-2010-2016
#14
Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Elena Tapia-López
OBJECTIVE: Peru has implemented various strategies seeking to improve nutritional indicators in children under five years old. However, high prevalence of malnutrition in some regions still remains. The aim of this study was to assess changes in regional prevalence and to determine the presence of district conglomerates with a high prevalence of chronic childhood malnutrition (CCM) in 2010 and 2016. METHODS: A comparative descriptive analysis by regions and a district-level spatial analysis were conducted employing indicators reported by the Nutritional Status Information System...
May 19, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492353/laparoscopy-using-room-air-insufflation-in-a-rural-african-jungle-hospital-the-bongolo-hospital-experience-january-2006-to-december-2013
#15
Zachary O'Connor, Marco Faniriko, Keir Thelander, Jennifer O'Connor, David Thompson, Adrian Park
INTRODUCTION: Carbon dioxide is the standard insufflation gas for laparoscopy. However, in many areas of the world, bottled carbon dioxide is not available. Laparoscopy offers advantages over open surgery and has been practiced using filtered room air insufflation since 2006 at Bongolo Hospital in Gabon, Africa. OBJECTIVE: Our primary goal was to evaluate the safety of room air insufflation related to intraoperative and postoperative complications. Our secondary aim was to review the types of cases performed laparoscopically at our institution...
June 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456806/navigating-through-the-jungle-of-allergens-features-and-applications-of-allergen-databases
#16
Christian Radauer
The increasing number of available data on allergenic proteins demanded the establishment of structured, freely accessible allergen databases. In this review article, features and applications of 6 of the most widely used allergen databases are discussed. The WHO/IUIS Allergen Nomenclature Database is the official resource of allergen designations. Allergome is the most comprehensive collection of data on allergens and allergen sources. AllergenOnline is aimed at providing a peer-reviewed database of allergen sequences for prediction of allergenicity of proteins, such as those planned to be inserted into genetically modified crops...
2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431039/genomic-data-for-78-chickens-from-14-populations
#17
Diyan Li, Tiandong Che, Binlong Chen, Shilin Tian, Xuming Zhou, Guolong Zhang, Miao Li, Uma Gaur, Yan Li, Majing Luo, Long Zhang, Zhongxian Xu, Xiaoling Zhao, Huadong Yin, Yan Wang, Long Jin, Qianzi Tang, Huailiang Xu, Mingyao Yang, Rongjia Zhou, Ruiqiang Li, Qing Zhu, Mingzhou Li
Since the domestication of the red jungle fowls ( Gallus gallus ; dating back to ∼10 000 B.P.) in Asia, domestic chickens ( Gallus gallus domesticus ) have been subjected to the combined effects of natural selection and human-driven artificial selection; this has resulted in marked phenotypic diversity in a number of traits, including behavior, body composition, egg production, and skin color. Population genomic variations through diversifying selection have not been fully investigated. The whole genomes of 78 domestic chickens were sequenced to an average of 18-fold coverage for each bird...
June 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418277/geographical-variation-in-the-skeletal-morphology-of-red-jungle-fowl
#18
H Endo, N Tsunekawa, M Sonoe, Tї Sasaki, H Ogawa, T Amano, T S Nguyen, V Phimphachanhvongsod, K Kudo, T Yonezawa, F Akishinonomiya
1. The skulls and postcranial skeletons of the red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) were compared osteometrically between the populations from North and South Vietnam, North and Central Laos and Southeast Bangladesh. The populations include the three subspecies of G. g. spadiceus, G. g. gallus and G. g. murghi and were sampled to reveal the geographical morphological variations among populations in G. gallus. 2. The morphometric characteristics of subspecies murghi could be clearly distinguished from those of the other subspecies using a canonical discriminant analysis...
July 13, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413836/assessment-of-the-perceived-effects-and-management-challenges-of-mikania-micrantha-invasion-in-chitwan-national-park-buffer-zone-community-forest-nepal
#19
Akriti Khadka
The effects of invasion by Mikania micrantha in the buffer zone of Chitwan National Park (CNP) of Nepal are well documented; however the studies were confined to appraising the perception of household and did not assess the changes in livelihood activities after the invasion. This study presents the effects of invasion of M. micrantha on the livelihood of buffer zone of the Chitwan National Park; hence addressing the gap in information and shows the complex effect of M. micrantha on rural livelihood. The study used a questionnaire survey to 170 households in the CNP of Nepal...
April 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399853/the-anti-cancer-effects-of-tualang-honey-in-modulating-breast-carcinogenesis-an-experimental-animal-study
#20
Sarfraz Ahmed, Nor Hayati Othman
BACKGROUND: Honey has been shown to have anti-cancer effects, but the mechanism behind these effects is not fully understood. We investigated the role of Malaysian jungle Tualang honey (TH) in modulating the hematological parameters, estrogen, estrogen receptors (ER1) and pro and anti-apoptotic proteins expression in induced breast cancer in rats. METHODS: Fifty nulliparous female Sprague-Dawley rats were used and grouped as follows: Group 0 (healthy normal rats control), Group 1 (negative control; untreated rats), Groups 2, 3 and 4 received daily doses of 0...
April 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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