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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431039/genomic-data-for-78-chickens-from-14-populations
#1
Diyan Li, Tiandong Che, Binlong Chen, Shilin Tian, Xuming Zhou, Guolong Zhang, Miao Li, Uma Gaur, Yan Li, Majing Luo, Long Zhang, Zhongxian Xu, Xiaoling Zhao, Huadong Yin, Yan Wang, Long Jin, Qianzi Tang, Huailiang Xu, Mingyao Yang, Rongjia Zhou, Ruiqiang Li, Qing Zhu, Mingzhou Li
Background: Since the domestication of the red jungle fowls ( Gallus gallus ) (dating back to ∼10,000 B.P.) in Asia, domestic chickens ( Gallus gallus domesticus ) have been subjected to the combined effects of natural selection and human-driven artificial selection; this has resulted in marked phenotypic diversity in a number of traits, including behavior, body composition, egg production and skin color. Population genomic variations through diversifying selection have not been fully investigated...
April 18, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418277/geographical-variation-in-the-skeletal-morphology-of-red-jungle-fowl
#2
H Endo, N Tsunekawa, M Sonoe, T Sasaki, H Ogawa, T Amano, N T Son, V Phimphachanhvongsod, K Kudo, T Yonezawa, F Akishinonomiya
1. The skulls and postcranial skeletons of the red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) were compared osteometrically between the populations from North and South Vietnam, North and Central Laos and Southeast Bangladesh. The populations include the three subspecies of G. g. spadiceus, G. g. gallus and G. g. murghi and were sampled to reveal the geographical morphological variations among populations in G. gallus. 2. The morphometric characteristics of subspecies murghi could be clearly distinguished from those of the other subspecies using a canonical discriminant analysis...
April 18, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413836/assessment-of-the-perceived-effects-and-management-challenges-of-mikania-micrantha-invasion-in-chitwan-national-park-buffer-zone-community-forest-nepal
#3
Akriti Khadka
The effects of invasion by Mikania micrantha in the buffer zone of Chitwan National Park (CNP) of Nepal are well documented; however the studies were confined to appraising the perception of household and did not assess the changes in livelihood activities after the invasion. This study presents the effects of invasion of M. micrantha on the livelihood of buffer zone of the Chitwan National Park; hence addressing the gap in information and shows the complex effect of M. micrantha on rural livelihood. The study used a questionnaire survey to 170 households in the CNP of Nepal...
April 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399853/the-anti-cancer-effects-of-tualang-honey-in-modulating-breast-carcinogenesis-an-experimental-animal-study
#4
Sarfraz Ahmed, Nor Hayati Othman
BACKGROUND: Honey has been shown to have anti-cancer effects, but the mechanism behind these effects is not fully understood. We investigated the role of Malaysian jungle Tualang honey (TH) in modulating the hematological parameters, estrogen, estrogen receptors (ER1) and pro and anti-apoptotic proteins expression in induced breast cancer in rats. METHODS: Fifty nulliparous female Sprague-Dawley rats were used and grouped as follows: Group 0 (healthy normal rats control), Group 1 (negative control; untreated rats), Groups 2, 3 and 4 received daily doses of 0...
April 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396339/poppers-legal-highs-with-questionable-contents-a-case-series-of-poppers-maculopathy
#5
Rebecca Rewbury, Edward Hughes, Robert Purbrick, Stephen Prior, Mark Baron
BACKGROUND: Poppers are volatile alkyl nitrite compounds that are inhaled to enhance sexual experience and for their psychoactive effects. A less well-known side effect is foveal maculopathy, which has emerged following changes in their chemical composition. It is unclear if certain individuals are more susceptible to retinal damage or if there is a relationship between pattern of inhalation and brands used. METHODS: A case series of 12 patients presenting to Sussex Eye Hospital, Brighton, with poppers-related visual impairment...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379963/the-origin-and-evolution-of-fibromelanosis-in-domesticated-chickens-genomic-comparison-of-indonesian-cemani-and-chinese-silkie-breeds
#6
Anik Budhi Dharmayanthi, Yohei Terai, Sri Sulandari, M Syamsul Arifin Zein, Toyoko Akiyama, Yoko Satta
Like Chinese Silkie, Indonesian Ayam Cemani exhibits fibromelanosis or dermal hyperpigmentation and possesses complex segmental duplications on chromosome 20 that involve the endothelin 3 gene, EDN3. A genomic region, DR1 of 127 kb, together with another region, DR2 of 171 kb, was duplicated by unequal crossing over, accompanied by inversion of one DR2. Quantitative PCR and copy number variation analyses on the Cemani genome sequence confirmed the duplication of EDN3. These genetic arrangements are identical in Cemani and Silkie, indicating a single origin of the genetic cause of Fm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342344/water-hardness-determines-226-ra-uptake-in-the-tropical-freshwater-mussel
#7
Che Doering, Andreas Bollhöfer
Chemical data for freshwater mussels (Velesunio spp.) and water from 15 sampling sites in the Alligator Rivers Region and Rum Jungle uranium provinces in tropical Northern Australia were analysed to develop a predictive model of radium-226 ((226)Ra) bioaccumulation for variable water calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) concentrations. Application of the model as a (226)Ra screening approach for freshwater mussels in tropical waterbodies potentially impacted by operational or remediated uranium mine sites is discussed in relation to Mudginberri Billabong, located approximately 12 km downstream of Ranger uranium mine in the Alligator Rivers Region...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327851/-perceptions-on-healthcare-in-people-with-self-identified-mental-health-problems-in-the-rural-areas-of-peru
#8
Javier E Saavedra, Verousckha Uchofen-Herrera
Person-centered health and community health perspectives on its needs and resources are mandatory in healthcare policies in highly cultural diverse contexts. From this point of view, epidemiology needs to be centered not only on the disease, but also on the health diagnosis and its context, including the points of view of people and the community about their problems and needs. This article describes and qualitatively analyzes the views of adults with self-identified mental health disorders (MHD) in rural regions on the coast, highlands, and jungle of Peru, as causal factors, personal resources, and healthcare expectations from health facilities, using the narrative approach of ideographic formulation proposed by the World Psychiatric Association...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325244/perspectives-on-patient-access-to-radiation-oncology-services-in-south-america
#9
REVIEW
Beatriz Amendola, Aldo Quarneti, Arthur Accioly Rosa, Gustavo Sarria, Marco Amendola
Cancer represents a fast-growing challenge worldwide, and is being recognized as an emerging and critical issue in low- and middle-income countries, such most of South America. This subcontinent is unique for its geography, culture, and ethnical diversity. Most of its countries have large expanses of jungle and desert where underserved population groups including indigenous (native Indians), represent a challenge for cancer care. Many indigent patients have no access to preventive care nor early diagnosis. This results in late presentations with advanced disease and frequently incurable cancer...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301523/assessment-of-optimal-strategies-in-a-two-patch-dengue-transmission-model-with-seasonality
#10
Jung Eun Kim, Hyojung Lee, Chang Hyeong Lee, Sunmi Lee
Emerging and re-emerging dengue fever has posed serious problems to public health officials in many tropical and subtropical countries. Continuous traveling in seasonally varying areas makes it more difficult to control the spread of dengue fever. In this work, we consider a two-patch dengue model that can capture the movement of host individuals between and within patches using a residence-time matrix. A previous two-patch dengue model without seasonality is extended by adding host demographics and seasonal forcing in the transmission rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285499/clinico-epidemiological-patterns-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-patients-attending-the-anuradhapura-teaching-hospital-sri-lanka
#11
Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Buthsiri Sumanasena, Lalani Yatawara, Susiji Wickramasinghe, Devika Iddawela
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania donovani is an endemic vector-borne disease in Sri Lanka. Over 2,500 cases have been reported since 2000 and the number of CL cases has dramatically increased annually. Total 57 clinically suspected CL patients attending the dermatology clinic in Anuradhapura Teaching Hospital were recruited from January to June 2015. Slit skin smears and skin biopsies were taken from each of the subjects. Clinical and epidemiological data were obtained using interviewer administered questionnaire...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267778/substantial-deficiency-of-free-sialic-acid-in-muscles-of-patients-with-gne-myopathy-and-in-a-mouse-model
#12
Yiumo Michael Chan, Paul Lee, Steve Jungles, Gabrielle Morris, Jaclyn Cadaoas, Alison Skrinar, Michel Vellard, Emil Kakkis
GNE myopathy (GNEM), also known as hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM), is a late- onset, progressive myopathy caused by mutations in the GNE gene encoding the enzyme responsible for the first regulated step in the biosynthesis of sialic acid (SA). The disease is characterized by distal muscle weakness in both the lower and upper extremities, with the quadriceps muscle relatively spared until the late stages of disease. To explore the role of SA synthesis in the disease, we conducted a comprehensive and systematic analysis of both free and total SA levels in a large cohort of GNEM patients and a mouse model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263235/unusual-case-of-suicide-with-a-modified-trap-gun
#13
Amal Vadysinghe, Prasanna Dassanayake, Medhani Wickramasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Trap gun is an illegal, locally manufactured gun with a basic trip system used to hunt wild animals. CASE REPORT: The body of a 28-year-old man was found in the jungle in supine position with both legs apart. A trap gun was between the legs pointing toward the cranial side of the body. It had 2 free wires that were not connected together. There was no evidence of foul play.The body had a single-entry wound (2.5-cm diameter) in the anterior chest, with blackening, burning, and tattooing...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216584/effects-of-postnatal-enriched-environment-in-a-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-adult-rats
#14
Adel Jungling, Dora Reglodi, Zsofia Nozomi Karadi, Gabor Horvath, Jozsef Farkas, Balazs Gaszner, Andrea Tamas
Environmental enrichment is a widespread neuroprotective strategy during development and also in the mature nervous system. Several research groups have described that enriched environment in adult rats has an impact on the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of our present study was to examine the effects of early, postnatal environmental enrichment after 6-hydroxydopamine-induced (6-OHDA) lesion of the substantia nigra in adulthood. Newborn Wistar rats were divided into control and enriched groups according to their environmental conditions...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215681/sperm-evaluation-of-jungle-cat-felis-chaus-obtained-by-urethral-catheterization-ct-after-medetomidine-administration
#15
M S Kheirkhah, M Mollapour Sisakht, M Mohammadsadegh, H R Moslemi
This study aimed to evaluate semen from Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) by urethral catheterization (CT) after medetomidine administration that offers feasible and different approaches to obtaining good quality sperm, especially in wild felids. Accordingly, this method was tested in five Jungle Cats. After general anesthesia with the α2-agonist medetomidine (which also stimulates semen release into the urethra) and ketamine, an abdomen ultrasound was performed to locate dilation of the first segment of the urethra (prostatic urethra)...
March 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212440/emergent-inequality-and-self-organized-social-classes-in-a-network-of-power-and-frustration
#16
Benoit Mahault, Avadh Saxena, Cristiano Nisoli
We propose a simple agent-based model on a network to conceptualize the allocation of limited wealth among more abundant expectations at the interplay of power, frustration, and initiative. Concepts imported from the statistical physics of frustrated systems in and out of equilibrium allow us to compare subjective measures of frustration and satisfaction to collective measures of fairness in wealth distribution, such as the Lorenz curve and the Gini index. We find that a completely libertarian, law-of-the-jungle setting, where every agent can acquire wealth from or lose wealth to anybody else invariably leads to a complete polarization of the distribution of wealth vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111480/integrating-remotely-sensed-surface-water-extent-into-continental-scale-hydrology
#17
Beatriz Revilla-Romero, Niko Wanders, Peter Burek, Peter Salamon, Ad de Roo
In hydrological forecasting, data assimilation techniques are employed to improve estimates of initial conditions to update incorrect model states with observational data. However, the limited availability of continuous and up-to-date ground streamflow data is one of the main constraints for large-scale flood forecasting models. This is the first study that assess the impact of assimilating daily remotely sensed surface water extent at a 0.1° × 0.1° spatial resolution derived from the Global Flood Detection System (GFDS) into a global rainfall-runoff including large ungauged areas at the continental spatial scale in Africa and South America...
December 2016: Journal of Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092259/-first-case-of-chikungunya-fever-in-hermosillo-sonora-mexico
#18
Miguel Ángel Martínez-Medina, Ismael Antonio Cañedo-Dorame
The Chikungunya is an arbovirus first described during a 1952 outbreak of febrile exantematic disease in southern Tanganyika (now Tanzania). It is a virus within the alphavirus genus of the Togaviridae family, it is usually transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. Typically, the disease manifests as acute onset of fever and joint pains. This study describes the clinical characteristics the first imported case infected with chikungunya fever (CHIK) in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. We report the case of a 30 years old man seen in our emergency department due to fever, polyarthralgia, rash and headache...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073733/antibiotic-therapy-and-staphylococcal-skin-infections-in-a-tropical-malarial-zone-guyana-practices-in-conventional-and-exceptional-situations
#19
S-P Corcostegui, H Lefort, A Dia, V Pommier de Santi, C Carfantan, J Galant, E Lightburne, P Guénot, X Deparis, R Migliani, J-J Morand
A problem of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus skin infections emerged in the French armed forces in 2004, in a malaria-endemic areas. The high incidence rate led us to evaluate military staff practices. This was a cross-sectional survey of doctors and nurses deployed as officers in French Guyana since 2006. The definition of skin and soft-tissue infection came from the criteria for epidemiological surveillance of the armed forces. We studied the management of antibiotic therapy and its related difficulties...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067625/pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide-pacap-has-a-neuroprotective-function-in-dopamine-based-neurodegeneration-in-rat-and-snail-parkinsonian-models
#20
Gabor Maasz, Zita Zrinyi, Dora Reglodi, Dora Petrovics, Adam Rivnyak, Tibor Kiss, Adel Jungling, Andrea Tamas, Zsolt Pirger
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) rescues dopaminergic neurons from neurodegeneration and improves motor changes induced by 6-hydroxy-dopamine (6-OHDA) in rat parkinsonian models. Recently, we investigated the molecular background of the neuroprotective effect of PACAP in dopamine (DA)-based neurodegeneration using rotenone-induced snail and 6-OHDA-induced rat models of Parkinson's disease. Behavioural activity, monoamine (DA and serotonin), metabolic enzyme (S-COMT, MB-COMT and MAO-B) and PARK7 protein concentrations were measured before and after PACAP treatment in both models...
February 1, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
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