keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

rehydration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228888/assessing-levels-and-trends-of-child-health-inequality-in-88-developing-countries-from-2000-to-2014
#1
Zhihui Li, Mingqiang Li, S V Subramanian, Chunling Lu
BACKGROUND: Reducing child mortality was one of the Millennium Development Goals. In the current Sustainable Development Goals era, achieving equity is prioritized as a major aim. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide a comprehensive and updated picture of inequalities in child health intervention coverage and child health outcomes by wealth status, as well as their trends between 2000 and 2014. METHODS: Using data from Demographic Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, we adopted three measures of inequality, including one absolute inequality indicator and two relative inequality indicators, to estimate the level and trends of inequalities in three child health outcome variables and 17 intervention coverages in 88 developing countries...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211072/influences-of-polarity-and-hydration-cycles-on-imbibition-hysteresis-in-silica-nanochannels
#2
Shaina Kelly, Carlos Torres-Verdín, Matthew T Balhoff
Spontaneous liquid imbibition is a dominant mechanism for moving fluids in confinements with extremely high hydrodynamic resistance; i.e. nanopores. We demonstrate the impact of hydrophilicity and liquid polarity on nanoscale imbibition with dynamic measurements of the uptake of water-isopropanol (polar) and heptane (nonpolar) within 2D glass-silica nanochannels exposed to varied drying conditions and rehydration (rehydroxylation) cycles. The Lucas-Washburn equation, which does not consider interfacial fluidity effects, predicts that water-IPA and heptane should imbibe at similar speeds...
December 6, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210920/safety-of-appetite-manipulation-in-children-with-feeding-disorders-admitted-to-an-inpatient-feeding-program
#3
Alyssa S Pollow, Catherine A Karls, Mary Witzlib, Richard J Noel, Praveen S Goday, Alan H Silverman
OBJECTIVES: Appetite manipulation can be effective in weaning children off gastrostomy tube (G-tube) feeding dependence but can cause dehydration, hypoglycemia and ketone body production, which is anorexigenic. Since the safety of this approach has not been described, our aim was to describe adverse events observed when weaning children from G-tube dependence using our appetite manipulation protocol. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data of patients who completed our inpatient tube-weaning protocol...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207206/spontaneous-covalent-self-assembly-of-the-azoarcus-ribozyme-from-five-fragments
#4
Tharuka S Jayathilaka, Niles Lehman
Spontaneous covalent assembly of short RNA fragments has been proposed as a plausible prebiotically relevant pathway to a self-reproducing system. We had previously shown that the Azoarcus group I intron could self-assemble from four RNA fragments. Here, we extend this fragmentation to five RNAs that average <40 nucleotides in length. We optimize this reaction and show that a dehydration-rehydration sequence is the most effective means to date to shift the self-assembly equilibrium from reactants to products...
December 5, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206119/preparation-and-characterization-of-two-new-cuii-supramolecular-coordination-polymers-incorporating-sulfobenzoate-and-flexible-heterocyclic-ligands
#5
Xin Chu, Kou Lin Zhang
The assembly of CuII with the multifunctional ligand 2-amino-4-sulfobenzoic acid (H2asba) in the presence of the auxiliary flexible ligands 1,4-bis(triazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (bbtz) and 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (bix) under ambient conditions resulted in two new supramolecular coordination polymers, namely poly[[(3-amino-4-carboxybenzenesulfonato-κO)aquabis[μ2-1,4-bis(triazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene-κ2N4:N4']copper(II)] 3-amino-4-carboxybenzenesulfonate tetrahydrate], {[Cu(C7H6NO5S)(C12H12N6)2(H2O)](C7H6NO5S)·4H2O}n, (1), and poly[[bis(μ2-2-amino-4-sulfonatobenzoato-κ3O1:N,O1')tetraaqua[μ2-1,4-bis(triazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene-κ2N4:N4']dicopper(II)] tetrahydrate], {[Cu2(C7H5NO5S)2(C14H14N4)(H2O)4]·4H2O}n, (2)...
December 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196745/characterization-of-liposomal-carriers-for-the-trans-scleral-transport-of-ranibizumab
#6
Rini Rachel Joseph, Dulcia Wei Ni Tan, Moreno Raja Miguel Ramon, Jayaganesh V Natarajan, Rupesh Agrawal, Tina T Wong, Subbu S Venkatraman
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the modern world. The standard treatment regimen for neovascular AMD is the monthly/bimonthly intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF agents such as ranibizumab or aflibercept. However, these repeated invasive injections can lead to sight-threatening complications. Sustained delivery by encapsulation of the drug in carriers is a way to reduce the frequency of these injections. Liposomes are biocompatible, non-toxic vesicular nanocarriers, which can be used to encapsulate therapeutic agents to provide sustained release...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195966/thermal-stability-of-reconstituted-milk-protein-concentrates-effect-of-partial-calcium-depletion-during-membrane-filtration
#7
H Eshpari, R Jimenez-Flores, P S Tong, M Corredig
Milk protein concentrate (MPC) powders are increasingly utilized in manufacturing of protein fortified beverages. Thermal stability of the protein dispersions is of significant importance in such applications. It is known that a decrease in pH can induce partial dissociation of casein micelles and modify the natural equilibrium of calcium and phosphate between the micelles and the serum phase. The presence of soluble casein may improve the rehydration properties of MPC powders, and may impact their thermal stability...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194756/a-higher-level-of-ketonaemia-does-not-predict-oral-rehydration-failure-in-vomiting-paediatric-patients-and-routine-measurement-is-unnecessary
#8
Lucía Torres, Marina Sánchez, Blanca Cid, Eva Vicente, Roberto Velasco
AIM: This study determined if blood levels of beta-hydroxybutyrate were associated with the rate of failure in oral rehydration in paediatric patients with vomiting. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study that was carried out from 1 December 2015 to 30 November 2016 in the Rio Hortega University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain. The study cohort were patients up to 14 years old who attended the emergency department with three or more vomiting episodes in the last four hours and glycaemia higher than 45mg/dl...
December 1, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191518/new-paleoparasitological-investigations-from-the-pre-inca-to-hispanic-contact-period-in-northern-chile
#9
Mônica Vieira de Souza, Lucélia Guedes Ribeiro da Silva, Verónica Silva-Pinto, Pablo Mendez-Quiros, Sergio Augusto de Miranda Chaves, Alena Mayo Iñiguez
Paleoparasitological studies have demonstrated that changes in environment or culture are reflected in the patterns of parasitic infection diseases in populations worldwide. The advent of agriculture and animal domestication, with its accompanying reduction in human mobility and expanding population involves changes in or emergence of, parasites, the so-called first epidemiological transition. Cultural processes related to territory occupation contribute to both loss and acquisition of parasites. The archaeological site Lluta 57 in the Lluta Valley, Chile, provides a chronology of the transition from the pre-Inca or Late Intermediate Period (LIP), through the Late or Inca Period (LP), to the Hispanic Contact Period (HCP), providing the possibility of evaluating this epidemiological transition...
November 27, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191508/in-vivo-performance-of-freeze-dried-decellularized-pulmonary-heart-valve-allo-and-xenografts-orthotopically-implanted-into-juvenile-sheep
#10
Tobias Goecke, Karolina Theodoridis, Igor Tudorache, Anatol Ciubotaru, Serghei Cebotari, Robert Ramm, Klaus Höffler, Samir Sarikouch, Andrés Vásquez-Rivera, Axel Haverich, Willem F Wolkers, Andres Hilfiker
The decellularization of biological tissues decreases immunogenicity, allows repopulation with cells, and may lead to improved long-term performance after implantation. Freeze drying these tissues would ensure off-the-shelf availability, save storage costs, and facilitates easy transport. This study evaluates the in vivo performance of freeze-dried decellularized heart valves in juvenile sheep. TritonX-100 and sodium dodecylsulfate decellularized ovine and porcine pulmonary valves (PV) were freeze-dried in a lyoprotectant sucrose solution...
November 27, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189763/formation-and-stability-of-prebiotically-relevant-vesicular-systems-in-terrestrial-geothermal-environments
#11
Manesh Prakash Joshi, Anupam Samanta, Gyana Ranjan Tripathy, Sudha Rajamani
Terrestrial geothermal fields and oceanic hydrothermal vents are considered as candidate environments for the emergence of life on Earth. Nevertheless, the ionic strength and salinity of oceans present serious limitations for the self-assembly of amphiphiles, a process that is fundamental for the formation of first protocells. Consequently, we systematically characterized the efficiency of amphiphile assembly, and vesicular stability, in terrestrial geothermal environments, both, under simulated laboratory conditions and in hot spring water samples (collected from Ladakh, India, an Astrobiologically relevant site)...
November 30, 2017: Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188130/first-wave-of-the-2016-17-cholera-outbreak-in-hodeidah-city-yemen-acf-experience-and-lessons-learned
#12
Mathias Altmann, Miguel Suarez-Bustamante, Celine Soulier, Celine Lesavre, Caroline Antoine
Introduction: Although cases were reported only in 2010 and 2011, cholera is probably endemic in Yemen. In the context of a civil war, a cholera outbreak was declared in different parts of the country October 6th, 2016. This paper describes the ACF outbreak response in Hodeidah city from October 28th, 2016 to February 28th, 2017 in order to add knowledge to this large outbreak. Methods: The ACF outbreak response in Hodeidah city included a case management component and prevention measures in the community...
October 13, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188032/effects-of-quince-seed-almond-and-tragacanth-gum-coating-on-the-banana-slices-properties-during-the-process-of-hot-air-drying
#13
Reza Farahmandfar, Maedeh Mohseni, Maryam Asnaashari
Due to early deterioration of banana in drying process, almond, quince seed, and tragacanth gums as edible coatings were determined. For this purpose, banana slices were coated in 0.7% solution of each gum and one group remained uncoated as the control. The samples were examined at specific times considering the weight loss, color analyzing (a*, b*, and L*) through the method computer vision, color difference index, browning index, and rehydration after the samples being dried. The results showed that the weight loss of the coated samples was significantly (p < ...
November 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182412/the-effect-of-water-loading-on-acute-weight-loss-following-fluid-restriction-in-combat-sports-athletes
#14
Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Ian C Dunican, Gregory R Cox, Louise M Burke
Novel methods of acute weight loss practiced by combat sport athletes include 'water loading’; the consumption of large fluid volumes for several days prior to restriction. We examined claims this technique increases total body water losses, while also assessing the risk of hyponatremia. Male athletes were separated into control (CON, n=10) and water loading (WL, n=11) groups and fed a standardised energy-matched diet for 6 days. Day 1-3 fluid intake was 40 mL·kg-1 and 100 mL·kg-1 for CON and WL, respectively with both groups consuming 15 mL·kg-1on Day 4 and following the same rehydration protocol on Days 5-6...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177155/novel-de-novo-avpr2-variant-in-a-patient-with-congenital-nephrogenic-diabetes-insipidus
#15
Shivani Joshi, Per Brandstrom, Niels Gregersen, Søren Rittig, Jane Hvarregaard Christensen
Early diagnosis and treatment of congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI) are essential due to the risk of intellectual disability caused by repeated episodes of dehydration and rapid rehydration. Timely genetic testing for disease-causing variants in the arginine vasopressin receptor 2 (AVPR2) gene is possible in at-risk newborns with a known family history of X-linked CNDI. In this study, a Swedish male with no family history was diagnosed with CNDI at 6 months of age during an episode of gastroenteritis...
September 2017: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168980/inability-to-reduce-morbidity-of-diarrhea-by-ors-can-we-design-a-better-therapy
#16
Jane E Harrell, Sam X Cheng
Diarrheal disease is a worldwide problem that still causes significant morbidity and mortality among children. Currently, oral rehydration solution (ORS) is the standard of care for acute diarrhea in pediatric patients. While effective in reducing mortality, ORS does not alleviate diarrheal symptoms, thus reducing caregiver compliance and therapeutic efficacy. This manuscript will briefly review the current problem of pediatric diarrhea and the shortcomings of current therapies; however, the focus of this review is to examine the intestinal calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR)...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158706/comparative-study-of-free-and-liposome-entrapped-chloramphenicol-against-biofilms-of-potentially-pathogenic-bacteria-isolated-from-cooling-towers
#17
Marcus Vinícius Dias-Souza, Daniel Lucas Soares, Vera Lúcia Dos Santos
This study aimed to investigate for the first time the in vitro antibiofilm effectiveness of two chloramphenicol liposome formulations against biofilms of potentially pathogenic bacteria associated to corrosion isolated from the water of cooling towers from a Brazilian industry. Antibiofilm assays with liposomes were performed in 96-wells microtiter plates, and data was compared to free chloramphenicol treatment. Chloramphenicol-loaded liposomes were successfully produced using the dehydration-rehydration method, with vesicle diameters of 131 nm (100 nm membrane extrusion) and 182 nm (200 nm membrane extrusion) assessed by dynamic light scattering...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155665/cholera-mortality-during-urban-epidemic-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-august-16-2015-january-16-2016-1
#18
Lindsey S McCrickard, Amani Elibariki Massay, Rupa Narra, Janneth Mghamba, Ahmed Abade Mohamed, Rogath Saika Kishimba, Loveness John Urio, Neema Rusibayamila, Grace Magembe, Muhammud Bakari, James J Gibson, Rachel Barwick Eidex, Robert E Quick
In 2015, a cholera epidemic occurred in Tanzania; most cases and deaths occurred in Dar es Salaam early in the outbreak. We evaluated cholera mortality through passive surveillance, burial permits, and interviews conducted with decedents' caretakers. Active case finding identified 101 suspected cholera deaths. Routine surveillance had captured only 48 (48%) of all cholera deaths, and burial permit assessments captured the remainder. We interviewed caregivers of 56 decedents to assess cholera management behaviors...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154716/occurrence-of-toxigenic-fungi-and-mycotoxins-during-smoked-paprika-production
#19
Rocío Casquete, Alicia Rodríguez, Alejandro Hernández, Alberto Martín, Teresa Bartolomé, Juan José Córdoba, María G Córdoba
'La Vera' smoked paprika is a traditional Spanish product regulated under a protected designation of origin. Mycotoxins are possible contaminants in paprika, yet there is little information about mycotoxin production during the processing of smoked paprika. In this study, samples of dried peppers collected from six traditional dryers from four producers were evaluated for physicochemical parameters, mycotoxins, and mycotoxin-producing fungi. The moisture content and water activity of the peppers ranged from 11...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138104/novel-mixed-vesicles-containing-lactobacilli-biosurfactant-for-vaginal-delivery-of-an-anti-candida-agent
#20
Angela Abruzzo, Barbara Giordani, Carola Parolin, Beatrice Vitali, Michele Protti, Laura Mercolini, Martina Cappelletti, Stefano Fedi, Federica Bigucci, Teresa Cerchiara, Barbara Luppi
The purpose of this work was to prepare and characterize an innovative formulation for vaginal delivery of econazole nitrate, commonly used for the treatment of Candida infections. A novel biosurfactant isolated from a vaginal Lactobacillus strain was used to prepare phosphatidylcholine based mixed vesicles. Biosurfactant was produced by Lactobacillus gasseri BC9, isolated from the vagina of a healthy premenopausal woman, and was chemically characterized by FT-IR and ESI-MS. Mixed vesicles, obtained through film rehydration and extrusion method, were characterized in terms of size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency, mucoadhesion properties and econazole release...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
keyword
keyword
73567
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"