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Spectrophotometric estimation

Michael R Williamson, Kristen Dietrich, Mark J Hackett, Sally Caine, Colby A Nadeau, Jasmine R Aziz, Helen Nichol, Phyllis G Paterson, Frederick Colbourne
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We assessed the elemental and biochemical effects of rehabilitation after intracerebral hemorrhage, with emphasis on iron-mediated oxidative stress, using a novel multimodal biospectroscopic imaging approach. METHODS: Collagenase-induced striatal hemorrhage was produced in rats that were randomized to enriched rehabilitation or control intervention starting on day 7. Animals were euthanized on day 14 or 21, a period of ongoing cell death...
November 29, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Bhavana Srivastava, Vikas C Sharma, Pramila Pant, N K Pandey, A D Jadhav
BACKGROUND: Over exploitation of many traditional medicinal plants like Myrica esculenta has become a threat and in the near future, many medicinal plants may be unavailable for use of industry. OBJECTIVE: Present study outlines the concept of plant part substitution. Stem bark and small branches of M. esculenta are compared on the basis of physicochemical analysis, phytochemical analysis, total phenolic contents, total flavonoid contents and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) to evaluate the possibilities of using small branches in place of stem bark...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Ahmed Farouk, Mohammed H Hassan, Mohammed Alaa Nady, Mohammed Farouk Abdel Hafez
BACKGROUND: Bullous lung disease is characterized by formation of blebs, bullae and emphysema. We investigate the role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of bullous lung disease and compare between conventional thoracotomy versus video assisted thoracoscopic approach in surgical management of such patients. METHODS: This study was a prospective case control study and it was carried out on 21 patients (16 males and 5 females) with bullous lung disease selected as candidate for surgical interference...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ali Benvidi, Saleheh Abbasi, Sajjad Gharaghani, Marzieh Dehghan Tezerjani, Saeed Masoum
Four common food colorants, containing tartrazine, sunset yellow, ponceau 4R and methyl orange, are simultaneously quantified without prior chemical separation. In this study, an effective artificial neural network (ANN) method is designed for modeling multicomponent absorbance data with the presence of shifts or changes of peak shapes in spectroscopic analysis. Gradient descent methods such as Levenberg-Marquardt function are usually used to determine the parameters of ANN. However, these methods may provide inappropriate parameters...
April 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Nirja K Chaudhari, Laxmipriya P Nampoothiri
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), one of the leading causes of infertility seen in women, is characterized by anovulation and hyperandrogenism, resulting in ovarian dysfunction. In addition, associations of several metabolic complications like insulin resistance, obesity, dyslipidemia and psychological co-morbidities are well known in PCOS. One of the major factors influencing mood and the emotional state of mind is neurotransmitters. Also, these neurotransmitters are very crucial for GnRH release...
October 29, 2016: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
M Denel-Bobrowska, M Lukawska, I Oszczapowicz, A Marczak
BACKGROUND: Development of new apoptosis-inducing drugs is a promising trend in anticancer therapy. For this purpose several formamidinoderivatives of doxorubicin were synthesized. The aim of our study was to investigate effects of the five formamidinodoxorubicins in the ES-2 human ovarian clear cell carcinoma line, for comparison with data obtained previously for SKOV-3 human ovarian adenocarcinoma cells, to answer the question of whether and to what extent the histological cell type is a possible determinant of sensitivity to tested anthracyclines...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Arpan Bhattacharya, Somnath Das, Tushar Kanti Mukherjee
With the advent of newer luminescent nanoparticles (NPs) for bioimaging applications, their complex interactions with the individual biomolecules need to be understood in great detail, prior to their direct application into the cellular environments. Here we have present a systematic and detailed study of the interaction between luminescent polymer nanodot (PND) and human serum albumin (HSA) in its free and ligand-bound state with the help of spectrophotometric and calorimetric techniques. At physiological pH (pH=7...
October 30, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
J Meletiadis, Klaus Leth Mortensen, Paul E Verweij, J W Mouton, M C Arendrup
OBJECTIVES: Given the increasing number of antifungal drugs and the emergence of resistant Aspergillus isolates, objective, automated and high throughput antifungal susceptibility testing is important. The EUCAST E.Def 9.3 reference method for MIC determination of Aspergillus species relies on visual reading. Spectrophotometric reading was not adopted due to a concern that non-uniform filamentous growth might lead to unreliable and non-reproducible results. We therefore evaluated spectrophotometric reading for the determination of MICs of antifungal azoles against Aspergillus fumigatus...
October 25, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Emmanuel Amabebe, Steven Reynolds, Victoria Stern, Graham Stafford, Martyn Paley, Dilly O C Anumba
Changes in vaginal microbiota that is associated with preterm birth (PTB) leave specific metabolite fingerprints that can be detected in the cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) using metabolomics techniques. In this study, we characterize and validate the CVF metabolite profile of pregnant women presenting with symptoms of threatened preterm labor (PTL) by both (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and enzyme-based spectrophotometry. We also determine their predictive capacity for PTB, singly, and in combination, with current clinical screening tools - cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin (FFN) and ultrasound cervical length (CL)...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
Ritu Tiwari, Chaya Manoranjini David, Datturao Ramanand Mahesh, Uma Sambargi, Kademadkal Javaraiah Rashmi, Prabhavati Benakanal
Potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) of oral cavity and oral cancer remain a cause of serious concern despite intensive research and development. Diet and immunity have been identified to play a crucial role as modifying factors in these diseases. Our study intended to explore this relationship by estimating and comparing the serum levels of copper, iron and circulating immune complexes (CICs) in patients diagnosed with PMDs and oral cancer and normal healthy individuals. In this study, 40 histopathologically diagnosed cases of PMDs and oral cancer were included along with 30 healthy controls and 5 ml of venous blood was drawn using venipuncture...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Firoj A Tamboli, Harinath N More
BACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer is a digestive disorder most commonly found in clinical practice. Given the many side effects of modern medicine, the initial acquisition of fewer side effects, and medication of indigenous drugs, it should be considered as a better alternative for the treatment of peptic ulcer. OBJECTIVE: To assess antiulcer and antioxidant activity of ethanol extract of Barleria gibsoni (EBG) Dalz. leaves in ulcer-induced rats and in vitro antioxidants method, respectively...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
Arun Sankaralingam, Annette Thomas, David R James, Anthony S Wierzbicki
BACKGROUND: Ethylene glycol poisoning remains a rare but important presentation to acute toxicology units. Guidelines recommended that ethylene glycol should be available as an 'urgent' test within 4 h, but these are difficult to deliver in practice. This study assessed a semi-quantitative enzymatic spectrophotometric assay for ethylene glycol compatible with automated platforms. METHODS: The ethylene glycol method was assessed in 21 samples from patients with an increased anion gap and metabolic acidosis not due to ethylene glycol ingestion, and seven samples known to contain ethylene glycol...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Adriana Passarella Gerola, Flavia Amanda Pedroso de Morais, Paulo Fernando A Costa, Elza Kimura, Wilker Caetano, Noboru Hioka
The spectrophotometric properties of chlorophylls' derivatives (Chls) formulated in the Pluronics® F-127 and P-123 were evaluated and the results have shown that the Chls were efficiently solubilized in these drug delivery systems as monomers. The relative location of the Chls in the Pluronics® was estimated from the Stokes shift and micropolarity of the micellar environment. Chls with phytyl chain were located in the micellar core, where the micropolarity is similar to ethanol, while phorbides' derivatives (without phytyl chain) were located in the outer shell of the micelle, i...
September 19, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
P Sahare, M Ayala, R Vazquez-Duhalt, U Pal, A Loni, L T Canham, I Osorio, V Agarwal
The study of the stability enhancement of a peroxidase immobilized onto mesoporous silicon/silica microparticles is presented. Peroxidases tend to get inactivated in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, their essential co-substrate, following an auto-inactivation mechanism. In order to minimize this inactivation, a second protein was co-immobilized to act as an electron acceptor and thus increase the stability against self-oxidation of peroxidase. Two heme proteins were immobilized into the microparticles: a fungal commercial peroxidase and cytochrome c from equine heart...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
T M Ripp, T Yu Rebrova, V F Mordovin, S A Afanas'ev, S E Pekarsky, G V Semke, A Yu Fal'kovskaya, V A Lichikaki, E V Tsymbalyuk
AIM: to define and develop a procedure that can select patients with resistant hypertension (RH) for a renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) procedure, by being orienting to the specific initial values of β-adrenoreactivity (β-AR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The analysis included 23 RH patients receiving the maximally tolerable doses of 4 antihypertensive drugs. The investigations involving BP control and a Russian spectrophotometric procedure for determining β-AR in terms of the change in the osmoresistance of erythrocyte membranes (EM) were performed at baseline and 4 and 24 weeks...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Mohammad Normohammadi, Hossein Kakooei, Leila Omidi, Saeed Yari, Rasul Alimi
BACKGROUND: Building demolition can lead to emission of dust into the environment. Exposure to silica dust may be considered as an important hazard in these sites. The objectives of this research were to determine the amount of workers' exposure to crystalline silica dust and assess the relative risk of silicosis and the excess lifetime risk of mortality from lung cancer in demolition workers. METHODS: Four sites in the Tehran megacity region were selected. Silica dust was collected using the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health method 7601 and determined spectrophotometrically...
September 2016: Safety and Health At Work
Lohith Karnam, Sunil Adurty, Siva Kumar Belliraj, Sundaresan Neelakantan Chittor
A one-pot, cost-effective system for sensing fluoride ions using quinizarin as a novel chromophore is reported. Quinizarin complexes with Al(III) to form a self-organized turn-on fluorescence system in methanol. In the presence of fluoride ions, this system undergoes a subsequent ligand swap reaction with the fluoride ion and consequently the fluorescence turns off, delivering a sensitive route for the estimation of fluoride. This domino effect presents a sensitive and selective reaction system for the detection of fluoride ions in the concentration range 0...
September 14, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Małgorzata M Godala, Izabela Materek-Kuśmierkiewicz, Dariusz Moczulski, Maciej Rutkowski, Franciszek Szatko, Ewelina Gaszyńska, Sławomir Tokarski, Jan Kowalski
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a coexistence of metabolic risk factors affecting the development of cardiovascular diseases. Reactive oxygen species, which are excessively produced in MS, participate in its pathogenesis. Vitamins A, C and E are an important part of the non-enzymatic antioxidative barrier in humans. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to estimate plasma vitamin A, C and E levels and the intake of these vitamins from the diet in patients with MS...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Hari Shanker Tiwari, Usha Kant Misra, Jayantee Kalita, Akanksha Mishra, Shubha Shukla
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an important cause of stroke in young especially in the developing countries. There is paucity of studies on the mechanism of cell damage in CVST. Aim of this study is to explore the role of glutamate excitotoxicity, oxidative stress; and apoptosis in an experimental model of CVST. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis was induced by putting a strip of filter paper soaked in 40% ferric chloride on superior sagittal sinus. Brain was removed on day 1, 2 and 7 and oxidative stress markers (Mn-SOD, Catalase, GPx, LPO and GSH) were estimated spectrophotometrically...
September 19, 2016: Neurochemistry International
C T Sulaiman, Indira Balachandran
Characterisation of antioxidant fraction of the fruit of Garcinia gummi-gutta was done using liquid chromatography mass spectroscopic (LC/MS) analyses. Total poly phenolics and radical scavenging activity of various extracts such as acetone, methanol and hydroalcohol were estimated spectrophotometrically. The active extract was analysed by LC/MS in order to identify the molecular mass and tentative structures of major compounds. Phenolic compounds such as luteolin 7-O-glucuronide, kaempferol 3-O-(6-O-acetyl) glycoside, dicaffeoylquinic acid, apigenein-6-C-pentosyl-8-C-hexoside and p-coumarylquinic acid were identified from hydro alcoholic extract of G...
September 1, 2016: Natural Product Research
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