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Sarah Caldwell, Katie Wusik, Hua He, Geoffrey Yager, Carrie Atzinger
The purpose of this study was to determine if a genetic counseling student's perception of the supervisory working alliance (SWA) is related to their self-efficacy on select clinical practice-based competencies (PBCs), evaluating the second tenet of the Reciprocal Engagement Model of Supervision (REM-S) from a student perspective. Second year genetic counseling students (N = 168) completed a survey containing demographic and clinical rotation experience questions, the Supervisory Working Alliance Inventory-Trainee Form (SWAI-T), and the Genetic Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale (GCSES)...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Marie Roxanne Sopp, Tanja Michael, Axel Mecklinger
Emotional events are preferentially retained in episodic memory. This effect is commonly attributed to enhanced consolidation and has been linked specifically to rapid eye movement (REM) sleep physiology. While several studies have demonstrated an enhancing effect of REM sleep on emotional item memory, it has not been thoroughly explored whether this effect extends to the retention of associative memory. Moreover, it is unclear how non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep contributes to these effects. The present study thus examined associative recognition of emotional and non-emotional material across an early morning nap (N= 23) and sustained wakefulness (N= 23)...
June 18, 2018: Brain Research
Gabrielius Jakutis, Vytautas Juknevičius, Juratė Barysienė, Dalia Matačiūnienė, Birutė Petrauskienė, Žaneta Petrulionienė, Aleksandras Laucevičius
Introduction: Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep-related bradyarrhythmia syndrome is characterized by pathological asystoles during the REM sleep phase. It is a rare rhythm disorder, being reported only few times in the literature. Due to non-specific symptoms, REM sleep-related bradyarrhythmia might be often underdiagnosed. Other cardiac diseases associated with pathological sinus arrests must be excluded to establish the correct diagnosis of and appropriate therapy for REM sleep-related bradyarrhythmia...
2018: Acta Medica Lituanica
J A Ruskey, S Zhou, R Santiago, L-A Franche, A Alam, L Roncière, D Spiegelman, E A Fon, J-F Trempe, L V Kalia, R B Postuma, N Dupre, G-E Rivard, S Assouline, D Amato, Z Gan-Or
Biallelic GBA mutations cause Gaucher disease (GD), and heterozygous carriers are at risk for synucleinopathies. No founder GBA mutations in French-Canadians are known. GBA was fully sequenced using targeted next generation and Sanger sequencing in French-Canadian Parkinson disease (PD) patients (n=436), REM-sleep behavior disorder (RBD) patients (n=189) and controls (n=891). Haplotype, identity by descent (IBD) and principal component analyses (PCA) were performed using SNP-chip data. Data on GD patients from Toronto and Montreal were collected from patients' files...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Genetics
Gianina Ungurean, Niels C Rattenborg
Northern fur seals forego large amounts of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep when sleeping in water, but remain healthy and do not recover this loss once back on land, challenging current theories for the function of REM sleep.
June 18, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Bo Kyung Lee, An Na Jung, Yi-Sook Jung
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep has an essential role in the process of learning and memory in the hippocampus. It has been reported that linalool, a major component of Lavandula angustifolia , has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects, along with other effects. However, the effect of linalool on the cognitive impairment and behavioral alterations that are induced by REM-sleep deprivation has not yet been elucidated. Several studies have reported that REM-sleep deprivation-induced memory deficits provide a well-known model of behavioral alterations...
June 19, 2018: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Hong Wei, Jin-Lu Huang, Bin Hao, Yan-Chao Wang, Gong Nian, Ai-Niu Ma, Xin-Yan Li, Yong-Xiang Wang, Antti Pertovaara
Background Sleep deprivation as well as peripheral neuropathy and cutaneous neurogenic inflammation has a facilitatory effect on pain perception. Here we studied whether oxidative stress-related mechanisms in the spinal cord that have been shown to contribute to pain facilitation in peripheral neuropathy and cutaneous neurogenic inflammation play a role in sleep deprivation-induced pain hypersensitivity Methods Flower pot method was used to induce rapid eye movement sleep deprivation (REMSD) of 48 h duration in the rat that had a chronic intrathecal (i...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Christoph Maier, Hartmut Dickhaus
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relevance of various potential confounding factors (comorbidities, obesity, body position, ECG lead, respiratory event type and sleep stage) on the detectability of sleep-related breathing disorders from the ECG. METHODS: A set of 140 simultaneous recordings of polysomnograms and 8-channel Holter ECGs taken from 121 patients with suspected sleep related breathing disorders is stratified with respect to the named factors. Minute-by-minute apnea detection performance is assessed using separate receiver operating characteristics curves for each of the subgroups...
May 2018: Methods of Information in Medicine
R Delaplace, S Garny de La Rivière, M Bon Saint Come, H Lahaye, I Popov, N Rey, A Visticot, J-M Guilé
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristics and motor activity profile during sleep periods of children and adolescents presenting with disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). METHOD: Twenty-one youths (mean age±standard deviation, 11.7±3 years) wore a wrist actigraph for 9 consecutive days (including both school days and non-school days), to measure sleep parameters: sleep latency, sleep efficiency and the number and duration of periods of wakefulness after sleep onset (WASO)...
June 14, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Noémi Papp, Szilvia Vas, Emese Bogáthy, Zita Kátai, Diána Kostyalik, György Bagdy
Brain oscillations in the gamma frequency band of the electroencephalogram (EEG) have been implicated in several sensory and cognitive processes, and have also been associated with numerous neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression. The widely prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), similarly to other antidepressants, are known to produce markedly different effects on sleep and behavioral measures with acute and chronic administration. Although there are studies examining the acute effect of escitalopram on slower (<30 Hz) oscillations, we hardly could find any data about the effect of the drug on higher-frequency EEG oscillations (>30 Hz) in different sleep-wake stages, particularly comparing the acute and chronic effects of the drug concerning gamma oscillations...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Marine Chazalon, Sylvie Dumas, Jean-François Bernard, Iman Sahly, François Tronche, Alban de Kerchove d'Exaerde, Michel Hamon, Joëlle Adrien, Véronique Fabre, Patricia Bonnavion
Serotonin (5-HT) neurons are involved in wake promotion and exert a strong inhibitory influence on rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Such effects have been ascribed, at least in part to the action of 5-HT at post-synaptic 5-HT1A receptors (5-HT1A R) in the brainstem, a major wake/REM sleep regulatory center. However, the neuroanatomical substrate through which 5-HT1A R influence sleep remains elusive. We therefore investigated whether a brainstem structure containing a high density of 5-HT1A R mRNA, the GABAergic Gudden's dorsal tegmental nucleus (DTg), may contribute to 5-HT-mediated regulatory mechanisms of sleep-wake stages...
June 13, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Y R Li, X Ding, C Y Wang, D M Han
Objective: To investigate the sleep-related deglutition in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and its correlation with sleep stage and cortical arousals. Methods: From December 2015 to September 2017, simultaneous polysomnography and pharyngeal pressure monitoring were performed in 23 adult patients with OSAHS, Mann-Whitney U test were employed to analyze the following parameters: (1) the relationship between arousal and deglutition; (2) the effect of sleep stage on deglutition; (3) The relationship between the frequency of deglutition and the severity of OSAHS...
June 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Mollie McDermott, Devin L Brown, Ronald D Chervin
Stroke is a major cause of disability and death in the United States and across the world, and the incidence and prevalence of stroke are expected to rise significantly due to an aging population. Obstructive sleep apnea, an established independent risk factor for stroke, is a highly prevalent disease that is estimated to double the risk of stroke. It remains uncertain whether non-apnea sleep disorders increase the risk of stroke. Areas covered: This paper reviews the literature describing the association between incident stroke and sleep apnea, REM sleep behavior disorder, restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movements of sleep, insomnia, and shift work...
June 14, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Koji Kasanuki, Keith A Josephs, Tanis J Ferman, Melissa E Murray, Shunsuke Koga, Takuya Konno, Nobutaka Sakae, Adam Parks, Ryan J Uitti, Jay A Van Gerpen, Neill R Graff-Radford, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Dennis W Dickson
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and pathologic characteristics of diffuse Lewy body disease (DLBD) manifesting as corticobasal syndrome (CBS). METHODS: In 523 autopsy-confirmed cases of DLBD, we identified 11 patients diagnosed with CBS. For comparison, we studied 22 DLBD brains with antemortem presentation of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Given previous studies suggesting the importance of pathology in peri-Rolandic cortices in CBS, we used digital pathology to count Lewy bodies and to quantify intracytoplasmic and neuritic α-synuclein and phospho-tau burden in the motor cortex...
June 13, 2018: Neurology
Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Shoshana Newman-Lindsay, Camille Chow, A Desiree LaBeaud
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging arboviral infection with a global distribution and may cause fetal and neonatal infections after maternal CHIKV-infections during gestation. METHODOLOGY: We performed a systematic review to evaluate the risk for: a) mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), b) antepartum fetal deaths (APFD), c) symptomatic neonatal disease, and d) neonatal deaths from maternal CHIKV-infections during gestation. We also recorded the neonatal clinical manifestations after such maternal infections (qualitative data synthesis)...
June 13, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Mónica M Kurtis, Roberta Balestrino, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Maria João Forjaz, Pablo Martinez-Martin
Patients with movement disorders have a high prevalence of sleep disturbances that can be classified as (1) nocturnal sleep symptoms, such as insomnia, nocturia, restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movements (PLM), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and REM sleep behavior disorder; and (2) diurnal problems that include excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep attacks. The objective of this review is to provide a practical overview of the most relevant scales that assess these disturbances to guide the choice of the most useful instrument/s depending on the line of research or clinical focus...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Xiang-Yu Cui, Guang Yang, Su-Ying Cui, Qing Cao, Yuan-Li Huang, Hui Ding, Hui Ye, Xue-Qiong Zhang, Zi-Jun Wang, Yong-He Zhang
Repeated corticosterone (CORT) injections reliably produce depressive-like behavior in rodents. Our previous study showed that sleep parameters were altered in rats after daily injections of CORT for 7 days, and sleep disturbances appeared to be correlated with depressive-like behavior. The aim of the present study was to investigate time-dependent correlations between changes in sleep parameters and the formation of depressive-like behavior in rats after more prolonged treatment with CORT. Rats received daily injections of CORT (40 mg/kg, s...
June 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Ernesto Durán, Carlos N Oyanedel, Niels Niethard, Marion Inostroza, Jan Born
Mammalian sleep comprises the stages of slow-wave sleep (SWS) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Additionally, a transition state is often discriminated which in rodents is termed intermediate stage (IS). Although these sleep stages are thought of as unitary phenomena affecting the whole brain in a congruent fashion, recent findings have suggested that sleep stages can also appear locally restricted to specific networks and regions. Here, we compared in rats sleep stages and their transitions between neocortex and hippocampus...
June 1, 2018: Sleep
Lisa M Walter, Knarik Tamanyan, Lauren C Nisbet, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
BACKGROUND: Obesity and anthropometric measurements predict more severe sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children, and are associated with cardiovascular risk factors in children without SDB. We aimed to investigate whether anthropometric measurements predicted autonomic control in children with SDB. We hypothesised that anthropometric measures would be significant predictors of decreased heart rate variability. METHODS: Children (3-17 years) with SDB (n = 298) and non-snoring controls (n = 126) underwent polysomnography...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Gregory D Roach, Raymond Matthews, Anjum Naweed, Thomas G Kontou, Charli Sargent
Some shiftwokers in the long-haul transportation industries (i.e. road, rail, sea, air) have the opportunity to sleep in on-board rest facilities during duty periods. These rest facilities are typically fitted with a seat with a maximum back angle to the vertical of 20°, 40°, or 90°. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of "back angle" on the quantity and quality of sleep obtained in a seat during a daytime nap. Six healthy adults (3 females aged 27.0 years and 3 males aged 22.7 years) each participated in three conditions...
June 11, 2018: Chronobiology International
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