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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732151/patients-attitudes-and-experiences-of-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondyloarthritis-a-qualitative-synthesis
#1
Ayano Kelly, Kathleen Tymms, David J Tunnicliffe, Daniel Sumpton, Chandima Perera, Kieran Fallon, Jonathan C Craig, Walter Abhayaratna, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Non-adherence to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) results in increased disease activity and symptoms and poorer quality of life. We aimed to describe patients' attitudes and experiences of DMARDs in RA and SpA to inform strategies to improve medication adherence. METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL) were searched to January 2016. Thematic synthesis was used to analyze the findings...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732058/the-role-of-a-fads1-polymorphism-in-the-association-of-fatty-acid-blood-levels-bmi-and-blood-pressure-in-young-children-analyses-based-on-path-models
#2
Maike Wolters, Carmen Dering, Alfonso Siani, Paola Russo, Jaakko Kaprio, Patrizia Risé, Luis A Moreno, Stefaan De Henauw, Kirsten Mehlig, Toomas Veidebaum, Denés Molnár, Michael Tornaritis, Licia Iacoviello, Yannis Pitsiladis, Claudio Galli, Ronja Foraita, Claudia Börnhorst
BACKGROUND: The recent obesity epidemic in children also showed an increase in the prevalence of hypertension. As blood pressure (BP) is associated with (long-chain) polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA), genetic variation in desaturase enzymes being involved in the synthesis of LC PUFA may be associated with BP. This study aimed to investigate the direct effects (independent of mediating variables) and indirect effects (mediated through intermediate variables) of a common variant in the FADS1 gene, rs174546, known to affect delta-5 desaturase (D5D) activity on PUFA level, body mass index (BMI) and BP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731915/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-self-care-of-hypertension-inventory-into-brazilian-portuguese
#3
Luana Claudia Jacoby Silveira, Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva, Christiane Whast Ávila, Leila Beltrami, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Barbara Riegel
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle changes and treatment adherence still constitute a challenge to healthcare providers involved in the care of persons with hypertension. The lack of validated instruments measuring the ability of hypertensive patients to manage their disease has slowed research progress in this area. The Self-care of Hypertension Inventory, originally developed in the United States, consists of 23 items divided across 3 scales: Self-care Maintenance, Self-care Management, and Self-care Confidence...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731844/outcome-by-gender-in-the-veterans-health-administration-motivating-overweight-obese-veterans-everywhere-weight-management-program
#4
Bryan C Batch, Karen Goldstein, William S Yancy, Linda L Sanders, Susanne Danus, Steven C Grambow, Hayden B Bosworth
BACKGROUND: Few evaluations of the Veterans Health Administration Motivating Overweight/Obese Veterans Everywhere (MOVE!) weight management program have assessed 6-month weight change or factors associated with weight change by gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of administrative data from a national sample of veterans in the VA MOVE! PROGRAM: HASH(0x4923b58) RESULTS: A total of 62,882 participants were included, 14...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731605/optimising-the-effectiveness-of-diabetes-education-in-an-east-asian-population
#5
T S T Choi, K Z Walker, C B Lombard, C Palermo
AIM: To explore the collective patterns of learning behaviours and preferences of Chinese people during diabetes education. The study was carried out across three countries and aimed to identify strategies that could be used to tailor diabetes education to Chinese people. METHODS: A case study approach was undertaken in three countries (Australia, China and Singapore) using participant observations and qualitative interviews. Purposive sampling was used to select field sites before a snowball technique was employed to identify relevant interviewees...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731601/telephone-delivered-weight-management-services-in-the-hospital-outpatient-setting-decision-makers-perceptions-of-their-use-in-routine-practice
#6
Megan E Whelan, Ana D Goode, Ingrid J Hickman, Elizabeth G Eakin, Marina M Reeves
AIM: Providing effective weight management services to the growing number of overweight or obese hospital patients necessitates long-term service provision; however, it is arguably not within the acute-care hospital remit to provide such extended services. Referral to community-based programs is required to provide continuing weight management services. The Get Healthy Service is a free six-month, telephone-delivered lifestyle program, now offered in several states of Australia with potential for wide population reach...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731309/toxicology-of-lead-and-its-damage-to-mammalian-organs
#7
Samuel Caito, Ana Carolina B Almeida Lopes, Monica M B Paoliello, Michael Aschner
The toxicity of lead has been appreciated for centuries. Lead is a commonly used metal in industrialized nations, which results in the release of lead into the environment. Governmental agencies regulate the amount of lead permissible for workers to be exposed to; however, unregulated environmental lead exposure is a high concern. While essential metals have physiologic roles, there are no health benefits from lead intake. In this chapter, we discuss sources of lead exposure, the absorption, distribution, and elimination of lead from the human body, and molecular mechanisms of lead-induced toxicity...
April 10, 2017: Metal Ions in Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730976/salmonella-intracellular-lifestyles-and-their-impact-on-host-to-host-transmission
#8
M Graciela Pucciarelli, Francisco García-Del Portillo
More than a century ago, infections by Salmonella were already associated with foodborne enteric diseases with high morbidity in humans and cattle. Intestinal inflammation and diarrhea are hallmarks of infections caused by nontyphoidal Salmonella serovars, and these pathologies facilitate pathogen transmission to the environment. In those early times, physicians and microbiologists also realized that typhoid and paratyphoid fever caused by some Salmonella serovars could be transmitted by "carriers," individuals outwardly healthy or at most suffering from some minor chronic complaint...
July 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730970/healthy-diet-and-reduction-of-chronic-disease-risks-of-night-shift-workers
#9
Giovanni M Ferri, Domenica Cavone, Graziana Intranuovo, Linda Macinagrossa
BACKGROUND: The large increase in epidemiological studies on night shift work is due to the important effects of night shift work on workers' health and psychophysical wellbeing. The short-term effects-insomnia, difficulties in managing work and private life, lower work performance, and more work and extra-work accidents-are easily studied. However, there are several long-term effects that are difficult to study because of the need for detailed exposure assessment and the long latency periods of these diseases...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730841/effectiveness-of-a-worksite-intervention-for-male-construction-workers-on-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-body-mass-index-and-health-outcomes-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Laura Viester, Evert A L M Verhagen, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored intervention for improvement in lifestyle behavior, health indicators, and prevention and reduction of overweight among construction workers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Various blue-collar departments of a large construction company in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Blue-collar workers randomized to an intervention (n = 162) or a control group (n = 152)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730532/survey-of-primary-care-providers-knowledge-of-screening-for-diagnosing-and-managing-prediabetes
#11
Eva Tseng, Raquel C Greer, Paul O'Rourke, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Maura M McGuire, Jeanne M Clark, Nisa M Maruthur
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes affects 86 million US adults, but primary care providers' (PCPs') knowledge, practices, attitudes and beliefs toward prediabetes are unclear. OBJECTIVE: Assess PCPs' (1) knowledge of risk factors that should prompt prediabetes screening, laboratory criteria for diagnosing prediabetes and guidelines for management of prediabetes; (2) management practices around prediabetes; (3) attitudes and beliefs about prediabetes. DESIGN: Self-administered written survey of PCPs...
July 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729854/microbiome-of-trichodesmium-colonies-from-the-north-pacific-subtropical-gyre
#12
Mary R Gradoville, Byron C Crump, Ricardo M Letelier, Matthew J Church, Angelicque E White
Filamentous diazotrophic Cyanobacteria of the genus Trichodesmium, often found in colonial form, provide an important source of new nitrogen to tropical and subtropical marine ecosystems. Colonies are composed of several clades of Trichodesmium in association with a diverse community of bacterial and eukaryotic epibionts. We used high-throughput 16S rRNA and nifH gene sequencing, carbon (C) and dinitrogen (N2) fixation assays, and metagenomics to describe the diversity and functional potential of the microbiome associated with Trichodesmium colonies collected from the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre (NPSG)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729620/self-management-behaviour-and-support-among-primary-care-copd-patients-cross-sectional-analysis-of-data-from-the-birmingham-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-cohort
#13
Ainee Khan, Andrew P Dickens, Peymane Adab, Rachel E Jordan
Self-management support for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients is recommended by UK national guidelines, but extent of implementation is unknown. We aimed to describe self-management behaviour and support among COPD patients and explore behaviour associated with having a self-management plan. We undertook cross-sectional analysis of self-reported data from diagnosed COPD patients in the Birmingham COPD Cohort study. Questionnaire items relevant to self-management behaviour, knowledge of COPD, receipt of self-management plans and advice from healthcare professionals were examined...
July 20, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729408/femoral-artery-atherosclerosis-is-associated-with-physical-function-across-the-spectrum-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-the-san-diego-population-study
#14
Christina L Wassel, Alicia M Ellis, Natalie C Suder, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Dena E Rifkin, Nketi I Forbang, Julie O Denenberg, Antoinette M Marasco, Belinda J McQuaide, Nancy S Jenny, Matthew A Allison, Joachim H Ix, Michael H Criqui
BACKGROUND: The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is inadequate to detect early-stage atherosclerotic disease, when interventions to prevent functional decline may be the most effective. We determined associations of femoral artery atherosclerosis with physical functioning, across the spectrum of the ABI, and within the normal ABI range. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2007-2011, 1103 multiethnic men and women participated in the San Diego Population Study, and completed all components of the summary performance score...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729129/exploring-beliefs-on-diabetes-treatment-adherence-among-dutch-type-2-diabetes-patients-and-healthcare-providers
#15
S Vluggen, C Hoving, N C Schaper, H de Vries
OBJECTIVE: Despite well-known beneficial effects, adherence to core elements of diabetes treatment is suboptimal. This study, conducted in the Netherlands, aimed to explore if and how treatment adherence success factors are applied in diabetes consultations, and to explore salient personal beliefs about type 2 diabetes treatment including both healthy lifestyle adaptations and pharmacotherapy. METHODS: A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews among nine Dutch healthcare providers predominantly involved in diabetes management and 19 Dutch type 2 diabetes patients...
July 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729040/-long-term-effects-of-intensive-intervention-on-changes-in-lifestyle-in-patients-with-hyperfibrinogenaemia-and-moderate-high-cardiovascular-risk
#16
Laura Illamola Martin, Juan José Rodríguez Cristobal, Carlos Alonso-Villaverde, Betlem Salvador-González, Irene Moral Pelaez
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the benefit on cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) persists 5 years after an intensive intervention in lifestyle (LS) that lasted 2 years, in patients with hyperfibrinogenaemia and moderate or high cardiovascular risk. DESIGN: multicentre prospective observational study. LOCATION: 13 Primary Care Centres in Barcelona and Baix Llobregat. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 300 patients who completed the EFAP study (146 intervention group, 154 control group)...
July 17, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728886/effect-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-on-supar-levels-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Christopher Rohde, Christoffer Polcwiartek, Eivind Andersen, Torkel Vang, Jimmi Nielsen
OBJECTIVES: Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a novel inflammatory marker, associated with lifestyle diseases and mortality risk. No studies have investigated whether physical activity may reduce suPAR levels using a randomized controlled design. DESIGN AND METHODS: suPAR and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined in blood samples from a previous randomized controlled trial with Pakistani immigrants in Norway, 2008. The study included physically inactive men that were randomized to an intervention group (supervised group exercises) or a control group and followed for 5 months...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728777/the-emerging-nutritional-problems-of-school-adolescents-overweight-obesity-and-associated-factors-in-jimma-town-ethiopia
#18
Nurezeman Gali, Dessalegn Tamiru, Meseret Tamrat
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight is rapidly becoming one of the most important medical and public health problems. Adolescent obesity is a multisystem disease with potentially devastating consequences that persist into adulthood. However, there is a paucity of available information regarding the adolescent overweight and obesity in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April/2015 among 546 adolescents...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728617/self-reported-sleep-quality-duration-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-chinese-evidence-from-a-rural-town-in-suzhou-china
#19
Chen-Wei Pan, Xiaoling Cong, Hui-Jun Zhou, Jing Li, Hong-Peng Sun, Yong Xu, Pei Wang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the associations of self-reported sleep quality and duration with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older Chinese. METHODS: We analyzed community-based cross-sectional data of 5,539 individuals aged 60 years and older in the Weitang Geriatric Disease Study. Information of sleep quality and duration were self-reported through participants' responses to predefined questions; HRQOL data were collected by using the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728560/patient-oriented-education-and-medication-management-intervention-for-people-with-decompensated-cirrhosis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Kelly L Hayward, Jennifer H Martin, W Neil Cottrell, Antara Karmakar, Leigh U Horsfall, Preya J Patel, David D Smith, Katharine M Irvine, Elizabeth E Powell, Patricia C Valery
BACKGROUND: People with decompensated cirrhosis require complex medical care and are often prescribed an intricate and frequently changing medication and lifestyle regimen. However, many patients mismanage their medications or have poor comprehension of their disease and self-management tasks. This can lead to harm, hospitalization, and death. METHODS/DESIGN: A patient-oriented education and medication management intervention has been developed for implementation at a tertiary hospital hepatology outpatient center in Queensland, Australia...
July 20, 2017: Trials
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