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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944621/factors-associated-with-ohio-nurse-practitioners-childhood-obesity-preventive-practice-patterns
#1
Rika Tanda, Elizabeth A Beverly, Kimberly Hughes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: More nurse practitioners (NPs) infiltrate into primary care settings, and play a pivotal role in prevention of childhood obesity. However, minimal research has been published about their practice patterns. The current study uses a sample of Ohio NPs and describes NPs' childhood obesity prevention practice patterns, knowledge of the guidelines, their personal physical activity in relation to childhood obesity prevention practices, and identification of perceived barriers for practice...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944609/hypertension-management-research-priorities-from-patients-caregivers-and-healthcare-providers-a-report-from-the-hypertension-canada-priority-setting-partnership-group
#2
Nadia Khan, Simon L Bacon, Samia Khan, Sara Perlmutter, Carline Gerlinsky, Mark Dermer, Lonni Johnson, Finderson Alves, Donna McLean, Andreas Laupacis, Mandy Pui, Angelique Berg, Felicia Flowitt
Patient- and stakeholder-oriented research is vital to improving the relevance of research. The authors aimed to identify the 10 most important research priorities of patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers (family physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, and dietitians) for hypertension management. Using the James Lind Alliance approach, a national web-based survey asked patients, caregivers, and care providers to submit their unanswered questions on hypertension management. Questions already answered from randomized controlled trial evidence were removed...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944593/fifty-years-of-behavioral-lifestyle-interventions-for-overweight-and-obesity-where-have-we-been-and-where-are-we-going
#3
REVIEW
Donald A Williamson
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the literature pertaining to the structure and content of intensive lifestyle interventions (ILIs) for overweight/obesity since Richard Stuart described this new treatment approach in 1967. A consensus opinion has formed that behavioral/lifestyle treatment of overweight and obesity should be viewed as a mainstream intervention for the treatment and prevention of type 2 diabetes and medical complications associated with obesity. METHODS: The development of modern ILIs and demonstration of their efficacy are compared by structure, content, and efficacy of four major randomized controlled trials: Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), Look AHEAD, POUNDS Lost, and CALERIE...
September 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944553/outcomes-for-bipolar-patients-assessed-in-the-french-expert-center-network-a-2-year-follow-up-observational-study-fondamental-advanced-centers-of-expertise-for-bipolar-disorder-face-bd
#4
Chantal Henry, Ophelia Godin, Philippe Courtet, Jean-Michel Azorin, Sébastien Gard, Frank Bellivier, Mircea Polosan, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Paul Roux, Valerie Aubin, Dominique Costagliola, Marion Leboyer, Bruno Etain
OBJECTIVE: A new health care system for patients with bipolar disorders was established in France under the auspices of Fondation FondaMental, based on thorough clinical assessment of patients and on close collaborations between expert centers and referring practitioners. We report the results of outcomes after 2 years of observational follow-up of adult patients assessed within the network. METHOD: A total of 984 patients were included in the study. We compared several parameters (e...
September 12, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944260/post-treatment-survivorship-care-needs-of-spanish-speaking-latinas-with-breast-cancer
#5
Anna María Nápoles, Carmen Ortiz, Jasmine Santoyo-Olsson, Anita L Stewart, Howard E Lee, Ysabel Duron, Niharika Dixit, Judith Luce, Diana J Flores
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive assessment of Spanish-speaking breast cancer survivors' (SSBCS) survivorship needs is lacking. OBJECTIVE: Assess SSBCS' post-treatment symptom management, psychosocial, and informational needs. METHODS: 118 telephone surveys and 25 in-person semi-structured interviews with SSBCS, and semi-structured interviews with 5 support providers and 4 physicians who serve SSBCS from 5 Northern California counties. RESULTS: Surveys identified the most bothersome (bothered by it in the past month "somewhat/quite a bit/a lot") physical symptoms as: joint pain, fatigue, hot flashes, numbness in hands/feet, and vaginal dryness...
2017: Journal of Community and Supportive Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944027/symbiosis-constraints-strong-mycobiont-control-limits-nutrient-response-in-lichens
#6
Kristin Palmqvist, Oskar Franklin, Torgny Näsholm
Symbioses such as lichens are potentially threatened by drastic environmental changes. We used the lichen Peltigera aphthosa-a symbiosis between a fungus (mycobiont), a green alga (Coccomyxa sp.), and N2-fixing cyanobacteria (Nostoc sp.)-as a model organism to assess the effects of environmental perturbations in nitrogen (N) or phosphorus (P). Growth, carbon (C) and N stable isotopes, CNP concentrations, and specific markers were analyzed in whole thalli and the partners after 4 months of daily nutrient additions in the field...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943804/treatment-in-the-home-setting-with-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-for-a-woman-with-chronic-leg-ulcers-a-case-report
#7
Katrina Young, Harrison Ng Chok, Lesley Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) is shown to improve the healing rate of Venous Leg Ulcers (VLU) in the hospital setting. The current Australian "Gold Standard" treatment according to the Australian and New Zealand Wound Management Associations' (AWMA) Prevention & Management of Venous Leg Ulcer guidelines is compression, generally in the form of bandaging then progressing to hosiery once wounds are healed to prevent recurrence. This is recommended in conjunction with other standards of wound management including; nutrition, exercise, client education and addressing underlying pathophysiology and psychosocial factors...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943640/exercise-dependent-regulation-of-the-tumour-microenvironment
#8
REVIEW
Graeme J Koelwyn, Daniela F Quail, Xiang Zhang, Richard M White, Lee W Jones
The integrity and composition of the tumour microenvironment (TME) is highly plastic, undergoing constant remodelling in response to instructive signals derived from alterations in the availability and nature of systemic host factors. This 'systemic milieu' is directly modulated by host exposure to modifiable lifestyle factors such as exercise. Host exposure to regular exercise markedly reduces the risk of the primary development of several cancers and might improve clinical outcomes following a diagnosis of a primary disease...
September 25, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942791/evolving-centromeres-and-kinetochores
#9
Steven Friedman, Michael Freitag
The genetic material, contained on chromosomes, is often described as the "blueprint for life." During nuclear division, the chromosomes are pulled into each of the two daughter nuclei by the coordination of spindle microtubules, kinetochores, centromeres, and chromatin. These four functional units must link the chromosomes to the microtubules, signal to the cell when the attachment is made so that division can proceed, and withstand the force generated by pulling the chromosomes to either daughter cell. To perform each of these functions, kinetochores are large protein complexes, approximately 5MDa in size, and they contain at least 45 unique proteins...
2017: Advances in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942748/nutritional-psychiatry-the-present-state-of-the-evidence
#10
Wolfgang Marx, Genevieve Moseley, Michael Berk, Felice Jacka
Mental illness, including depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder, accounts for a significant proportion of global disability and poses a substantial social, economic and heath burden. Treatment is presently dominated by pharmacotherapy, such as antidepressants, and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy; however, such treatments avert less than half of the disease burden, suggesting that additional strategies are needed to prevent and treat mental disorders. There are now consistent mechanistic, observational and interventional data to suggest diet quality may be a modifiable risk factor for mental illness...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942562/abnormal-levels-of-vascular-endothelial-biomarkers-in-schizophrenia
#11
Tanya T Nguyen, Sheena I Dev, Guanqing Chen, Sharon C Liou, Averria Sirkin Martin, Michael R Irwin, Judith E Carroll, Xin Tu, Dilip V Jeste, Lisa T Eyler
Schizophrenia is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation, which has been linked to increased vascular risk and rates of cardiovascular disease. Levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) have been related to aging and neurodegeneration, but their role in schizophrenia remains uncertain. Using a cross-sectional, case-control design, this study included 99 outpatients with schizophrenia and 99 healthy comparison subjects (HCs)...
September 23, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942360/increased-suicide-risk-in-patients-with-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#12
Linnea Thorlacis, Arnon D Cohen, Gunnar H Gislason, Gregor B E Jemec, Alexander Egeberg
Patients with skin disorders are considered at a higher risk of depression and anxiety than the background population. Patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) may be particularly affected. We explored the association between HS and depression, anxiety, and completed suicides in the Danish national registries expanding to include data on suicidal behavior, using both a cross-sectional and a cohort study design. Both designs included 7,732 patients with HS and a background population of 4,354,137. The cohort study revealed that HS-patients had an increased risk of completed suicide after adjustment for confounding factors (11/7,732 vs...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942323/the-quest-for-more-research-on-painful-diabetic-neuropathy
#13
P P Nawroth, M Bendszus, M Pham, J Jende, S Heiland, S Ries, C Schumann, M Schmelz, S Schuh-Hofer, R D Treede, R Kuner, D Oikonomou, J B Groener, S Kopf
A 62-year-old diabetologist diagnosed himself to have diabetes type-2, with an HbA1c of 9.5. Five months after lifestyle intervention and a multi-drug approach, HbA1c was 6.3, systolic blood pressure was below 135 mmHg and BMI reduced to 27. But he suffered from severe painful diabetic neuropathy. Therefore he decided to visit his friend, a famous neuroscientist at an even more famous university. He asked him several plain questions: 1. What is the natural course of painful diabetic neuropathy? 2. Why do I have, despite almost normalizing HbA1c, more problems than before? 3...
September 20, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941857/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-stigma-associated-with-tuberculosis-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-udupi-district-karnataka
#14
R Shivapujimath, A P Rao, A R Nilima, D M Shilpa
BACKGROUND: For decades, tuberculosis and other communicable diseases like human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome, leprosy, etc., have been associated with stigma and discrimination by the society; this can interfere with the lifestyle and disease management among these patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the stigma experienced by tuberculosis patients and to find the factors associated with stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 209 sputum-positive and sputum-negative tuberculosis patients...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941210/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-and-survival-of-patients-with-cancer-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-denmark
#15
Priscila Corraini, Uffe Heide-Jørgensen, Morten Schiødt, Sven Erik Nørholt, John Acquavella, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Vera Ehrenstein
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an adverse effect of bone-targeted therapies, which are used to prevent symptomatic skeletal events following bone malignancy. We examined the association between ONJ and survival among cancer patients treated with bone-targeted agents. Using nationwide registries and databases in Denmark, we identified 184 cancer patients with incident ONJ between 2010 and 2015, and a comparison cohort of 1067 cancer patients without ONJ and with a history of hospital-administered treatment with bisphosphonates or denosumab initiating from cancer diagnosis...
September 21, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941056/mobile-phone-text-messaging-improves-antihypertensive-drug-adherence-in-the-community
#16
Paola Varleta, Mónica Acevedo, Carlos Akel, Claudia Salinas, Carlos Navarrete, Ana García, Carolina Echegoyen, Daniel Rodriguez, Lissette Gramusset, Sandra Leon, Pedro Cofré, Raquel Retamal, Katerine Romero
Antihypertensive drug adherence (ADA) is a mainstay in blood pressure control. Education through mobile phone short message system (SMS) text messaging could improve ADA. The authors conducted a randomized study involving 314 patients with hypertension with <6 months of antihypertensive treatment from the Preventive Health Program of 12 different primary care centers in Santiago, Chile. Patients were randomly assigned to receive or not receive SMS related to ADA and healthy lifestyle. Adherence was assessed by the self-reported four-item scale Morisky-Green-Levine questionnaire at baseline and after 6 months of follow-up, with four of four positive questions classified as good adherence...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940996/change-in-alcohol-intake-in-relation-to-weight-change-in-a-cohort-of-us-men-with-24-years-of-follow-up
#17
Mary Kathryn Downer, Monica L Bertoia, Ken J Mukamal, Eric B Rimm, Meir J Stampfer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the potential effects of alcohol by subtype on reported long-term weight change. METHODS: This study examined changes in alcohol intake (total, wine, light beer, regular beer, and liquor) and simultaneous changes in reported body weight within 4-year periods from 1986 to 2010 from US men in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. The study adjusted for age, changes in lifestyle and dietary covariates, and cardiovascular risk factors...
September 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940967/objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-weight-loss-maintenance-among-individuals-enrolled-in-a-lifestyle-intervention
#18
Jessica L Unick, Sarah A Gaussoin, James O Hill, John M Jakicic, Dale S Bond, Margareta Hellgren, Karen C Johnson, Anne L Peters, Mace Coday, Dalane W Kitzman, Suzette Bossart, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between objectively assessed moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and 4-year weight loss (WL) and WL maintenance among individuals with diabetes enrolled in the Look AHEAD trial. METHODS: MVPA was measured in a subgroup of lifestyle intervention participants with accelerometry data at baseline and at 1 and 4 years (n = 553; age: 59.7 ± 6.8 y; BMI: 35.5 ± 5.9 kg/m(2) ). Minutes per week of bout-related MVPA were calculated (≥ 3 metabolic equivalents, ≥ 10-min bouts), and adherence to the national physical activity (PA) recommendation for WL maintenance (≥ 250 min/wk) was assessed...
September 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940245/micrornas-in-cutaneous-lichen-planus
#19
A A El-Rifaie, L A Rashed, R W Doss, S T Osman
Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic, inflammatory, papulosquamous, autoimmune disease. The pathogenesis of LP appears to be complex, with interactions between genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNAs encoded in both protein coding and noncoding areas of the genome, and have been found to be involved in the pathogenesis of some inflammatory skin diseases. The aim of this study was to map the levels of miRNA (miR-)-203 and miR-125b in cutaneous LP to evaluate their possible role in the pathogenesis of the disease...
September 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940104/an-american-termite-in-paris-temporal-colony-dynamics
#20
Guillaume Baudouin, Franck Dedeine, Nicolas Bech, Stéphanie Bankhead-Dronnet, Simon Dupont, Anne-Geneviève Bagnères
Termites of the genus Reticulitermes are widespread invaders, particularly in urban habitats. Their cryptic and subterranean lifestyle makes them difficult to detect, and we know little about their colony dynamics over time. In this study we examined the persistence of Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) colonies in the city of Paris over a period of 15 years. The aim was (1) to define the boundaries of colonies sampled within the same four areas over two sampling periods, (2) to determine whether the colonies identified during the first sampling period persisted to the second sampling period, and (3) to compare the results obtained when colonies were delineated using a standard population genetic approach versus a Bayesian clustering method that combined both spatial and genetic information...
September 22, 2017: Genetica
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