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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926472/sweetened-beverage-intake-and-risk-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-and-type-2-diabetes
#1
Josefin E Löfvenborg, Tomas Andersson, Per-Ola Carlsson, Mozhgan Dorkhan, Leif Groop, Mats Martinell, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Alicja Wolk, Sofia Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: Sweetened beverage intake is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but its association with autoimmune diabetes is unclear. We aimed to investigate sweetened beverage intake and risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA); autoimmune diabetes with features of type 2 diabetes. DESIGN/METHODS: Data from a Swedish population-based study was used, including incident cases of LADA (n = 357) and type 2 diabetes (n = 1136) and randomly selected controls (n = 1371)...
December 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926450/changing-health-behavior-motivation-from-i-must-to-i-want
#2
S Knecht, P Kenning
In the past, medicine was dominated by acute diseases. Since treatments were unknown to patients they followed their medical doctors´ directives-at least for the duration of the disease. Behavior was thus largely motivated by avoiding expected costs associated with alternative behaviors (I-must). The health challenges prevailing today are chronic conditions resulting from the way we chose to live. Traditional directive communication has not been successful in eliciting and maintaining appropriate lifestyle changes...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926435/brain-correlates-of-the-intrinsic-subjective-cost-of-effort-in-sedentary-volunteers
#3
J Bernacer, I Martinez-Valbuena, M Martinez, N Pujol, E Luis, D Ramirez-Castillo, M A Pastor
One key aspect of motivation is the ability of agents to overcome excessive weighting of intrinsic subjective costs. This contribution aims to analyze the subjective cost of effort and assess its neural correlates in sedentary volunteers. We recruited a sample of 57 subjects who underwent a decision-making task using a prospective, moderate, and sustained physical effort as devaluating factor. Effort discounting followed a hyperbolic function, and individual discounting constants correlated with an indicator of sedentary lifestyle (global physical activity questionnaire; R=-0...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925858/physical-activity-contributes-to-several-sleep-cardiometabolic-health-relationships
#4
Thirumagal Kanagasabai, Michael C Riddell, Chris I Ardern
PURPOSE: To estimate the contribution of accelerometer-derived physical activity to the relationship between sleep and cardiometabolic health. METHODS: Data from the 2005 to 2006 US National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey were used (N = 1226; 20 years+). Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined by the Joint Interim Statement, and sleep quality and quantity by the Sleep Disorders Questionnaire. Physical activity intensities were defined by activity thresholds (counts per minute) as sedentary activity (0-99), light intensity (100-759), lifestyle activity (760-2019), moderate intensity (2020-5996), and vigorous intensity (≥5999)...
December 7, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925712/quantitative-assessment-of-nutrition-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#5
Małgorzata Szczuko, Magdalena Skowronek, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć, Andrzej Starczewski
Background: PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is called a pathology of the XX century and affects at least 10-15% women of childbearing age. The therapy involves pharmacotherapy of hormonal imbalance, as well as the change of lifestyle, including the diet. Objective: Performing the quantitative assessment of components of diets of women with PCOS, comparing the results with current dietary standards for Polish people and defining dietary requirements for the patients...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925554/contraception
#6
Erin Dean
Essential facts Contraceptive services aim to help men and women choose a method of preventing pregnancy that best suits their needs and lifestyle, making it more likely that contraception will be used effectively. Almost nine out of ten women in heterosexual relationships report using at least one method of contraception. There were 184,571 abortions in England and Wales in 2014.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925407/population-level-decline-in-bmi-and-systolic-blood-pressure-following-mass-hiv-treatment-evidence-from-rural-kwazulu-natal
#7
Pascal Geldsetzer, Andrea B Feigl, Frank Tanser, Dickman Gareta, Deenan Pillay, Till Bärnighausen
OBJECTIVE: Clinic-based studies have shown that patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) gain weight after initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). This study aimed to determine whether the scale-up of ART was associated with a population-level increase in body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) in a community with high HIV and obesity prevalence. METHODS: A household survey was conducted in rural KwaZulu-Natal before ART scale-up (in 2004) and when ART coverage had reached 25% (in 2010)...
December 7, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925155/enhanced-liver-fibrosis-test-elf-in-psoriasis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-a-cross-sectional-comparison-with-procollagen-3-n-terminal-peptide-p3np
#8
E A M van der Voort, M Wakkee, P Veldt-Kok, S Darwish Murad, T Nijsten
BACKGROUND: Recently the enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) test, a combined use of three serum biomarkers to detect liver fibroses, was introduced to screen, diagnose and/or monitor liver conditions in large groups of patients with liver diseases and healthy controls, but it has not been used in inflammatory skin or joint diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distribution of the ELF test, apply existing cut offs for hepatic patients and healthy controls, and compare it to the corresponding procollagen-3 N-terminal peptide (P3NP) test among patients with psoriasis (PSO), psoriatic arthritis (PSA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and controls...
December 7, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925041/wake-up-stroke-clinical-characteristics-sedentary-lifestyle-and-daytime-sleepiness
#9
Deborath Lucia de Oliveira Diniz, Pedro Rodrigues Barreto, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin, Veralice Meireles Sales de Bruin
Objective: Wake-up stroke (WUS) is defined when the exact time of the beginning of the symptoms cannot be determined, for the deficits are perceived upon awakening. Sleep alterations are important risk factors for stroke and cardiovascular diseases. This study evaluates the characteristics of patients with and without WUS, the presence of daytime sleepiness, and associated risk factors. Method: Patients with ischemic stroke were investigated about the presence of WUS...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924701/-prevalence-and-interaction-of-stress-and-psychosomatically-relevant-lifestyle-variables-in-pastoral-care-workers-in-the-german-dioceses
#10
Philipp Kerksieck, Klaus Baumann, Eckhard Frick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924380/adherence-to-the-2006-american-heart-association-s-diet-and-lifestyle-recommendations-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-reduction-is-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-in-older-chinese
#11
G D Chen, D Ding, H Y Tian, Y Y Zhu, W T Cao, C Wang, Y M Chen
: This cross-sectional study investigated the association between the modified 2006 American Heart Association Diet and Lifestyle Recommendations (AHA-DLR) and bone mineral density in Chinese adults. We found that better adherence to the AHA-DLR associated with higher bone mineral density (BMD) at multiple sites. INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence shows that cardiovascular disease (CVD) and osteoporosis are associated with each other, yet little research has focused on whether strategies to reduce CVD risk could also benefit bone health...
December 6, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924284/effect-of-education-intervention-on-lifestyle-of-patients-with-hypertension-among-the-rural-population-of-lorestan-province
#12
Hajar Shayesteh, Amin Mirzaei, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Mostafa Qorbani, Morteza Mansourian
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the most common chronic health problems across the world, resulting in significant global responsibility in developed and developing countries. The aim of this study was to survey the effect of educational intervention on the lifestyle of patients with hypertension. METHODS: This study was a case-control intervention study on 86 patients with hypertension that were selected by simple random sampling from the rural regions of Aligoudarz County in Lorestan Province...
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924215/influence-diagram-of-physiological-and-environmental-factors-affecting-heart-rate-variability-an-extended-literature-overview
#13
REVIEW
Julien Fatisson, Victor Oswald, François Lalonde
Heart rate variability (HRV) corresponds to the adaptation of the heart to any stimulus. In fact, among the pathologies affecting HRV the most, there are the cardiovascular diseases and depressive disorders, which are associated with high medical cost in Western societies. Consequently, HRV is now widely used as an index of health. In order to better understand how this adaptation takes place, it is necessary to examine which factors directly influence HRV, whether they have a physiological or environmental origin...
January 2016: Heart International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924080/global-epidemiology-and-burden-of-hcv-infection-and-hcv-related-disease
#14
REVIEW
Aaron P Thrift, Hashem B El-Serag, Fasiha Kanwal
Chronic HCV infection is a global health problem that affects >184 million people worldwide. HCV is associated with several hepatic and extrahepatic disorders, including several malignancies. The burden of HCV-related disorders is influenced by the number of new and existing cases, number of existing cases and the natural history of the infection. The natural history of HCV is affected by several demographic, virological, clinical and lifestyle factors. Major variations exist in the burden of HCV among different populations and geographical regions, as well as over time...
December 7, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924064/toward-the-use-of-precision-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
REVIEW
Wang Gong, Yandi Xiao, Zihao Wei, Yao Yuan, Min Qiu, Chongkui Sun, Xin Zeng, Xinhua Liang, Mingye Feng, Qianming Chen
Precision medicine is a new strategy that aims at preventing and treating human diseases by focusing on individual variations in people's genes, environment and lifestyle. Precision medicine has been used for cancer diagnosis and treatment and shows evident clinical efficacy. Rapid developments in molecular biology, genetics and sequencing technologies, as well as computational technology, has enabled the establishment of "big data", such as the Human Genome Project, which provides a basis for precision medicine...
December 4, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924055/lifestyle-interventions-to-prevent-cardiovascular-events-after-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Inger A Deijle, Sander M Van Schaik, Erwin E H Van Wegen, Henry C Weinstein, Gert Kwakkel, Renske M Van den Berg-Vos
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with a transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke have an increased risk of subsequent cardiovascular events. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether lifestyle interventions focusing on behaviorally modifiable risk factors with or without an exercise program are effective in terms of (1) preventing recurrent cardiovascular events, (2) reducing mortality, and (3) improving modifiable risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease in patients after a transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke...
December 6, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923972/lifestyle-behaviors-subjective-health-and-quality-of-life-among-chinese-men-living-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhifei He, Zhanchun Feng
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between self-reported health (SRH) and quality of life (QoL) with five lifestyle-related behaviors including tobacco smoking, drinking alcohol, physical activity status, consumption of fruits, and consumption of vegetables among men diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Participants were 786 Chinese men older than 40 years and living in urban households. Cross-sectional data on self-rated health, associated sociodemographics, and health-related behaviors were collected from the Study on Global AGEing and Health (Wave 1) of World Health Organization...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923963/motivators-and-barriers-to-engaging-in-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-young-adult-men
#18
Lee M Ashton, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins
Many Australian young men (18-25 years) fail to meet recommendations in national dietary or physical activity (PA) guidelines. However, there is a lack of understanding of their perspectives on PA and diet to inform intervention design. This study examined young men's motivators and barriers to healthy eating and PA, along with differences by demographic and behavioral factors. A cross-sectional online survey was completed by 282 men aged 18 to 25 years in Australia. Results identified the most common motivators for healthy eating included improving health (63...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923885/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-enhance-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-in-adolescents-delivered-via-mobile-phone-text-messaging
#19
Lois J Loescher, Stephen A Rains, Sandra S Kramer, Chelsie Akers, Renee Moussa
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review healthy lifestyle interventions targeted to adolescents and delivered using text messaging (TM). DATA SOURCE: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases. STUDY INCLUSION CRITERIA: Research articles published during 2011 to 2014; analyses focused on intervention targeting adolescents (10-19 years), with healthy lifestyle behaviors as main variables, delivered via mobile phone-based TM...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923873/self-rated-health-and-mental-health-of-lone-fathers-compared-with-lone-mothers-and-partnered-fathers-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Maria Chiu, Farah Rahman, Paul Kurdyak, John Cairney, Nathaniel Jembere, Simone Vigod
BACKGROUND: Lone parenthood is associated with poorer health; however, the vast majority of previous studies have examined lone mothers and only a few have focused on lone fathers. We aimed to examine the self-rated health and mental health status among a large population-based cross-sectional sample of Canadian lone fathers compared with both partnered fathers and lone mothers. METHODS: We investigated differences in self-rated health and mental health among 1058 lone fathers compared with 20 692 partnered fathers and 5725 lone mothers using the Ontario component of the Canadian Community Health Survey (2001-2013)...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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