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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331300/cigarette-smoking-and-hip-volumetric-bone-mineral-density-and-cortical-volume-loss-in-older-adults-the-ages-reykjavik-study
#1
Elisa A Marques, Martine Elbejjani, Vilmundur Gudnason, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Thomas Lang, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Lenore Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tamara B Harris
This study aimed to explore the relationships of several indicators of cigarette smoking habits (smoking status, pack-years, age at smoking initiation and smoking cessation) with quantitative computed tomographic (QCT)-derived proximal femur bone measures (trabecular vBMD, integral vBMD and the ratio of cortical to total tissue volume (cvol/ivol)) and with subsequent change in these measures over the next five years. A total of 2673 older adults (55.9% women), aged 66-92 years at baseline from the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility (AGES)-Reykjavik Study, who had two QCT scans of the hip were studied...
January 10, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330262/coffee-consumption-and-health-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses-of-multiple-health-outcomes
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326098/cognitive-and-behavioral-skills-exercises-completed-by-patients-with-major-depression-during-smartphone-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Toshi A Furukawa, Masaru Horikoshi, Hirokazu Fujita, Naohisa Tsujino, Ran Jinnin, Yuki Kako, Sei Ogawa, Hirotoshi Sato, Nobuki Kitagawa, Yoshihiro Shinagawa, Yoshio Ikeda, Hissei Imai, Aran Tajika, Yusuke Ogawa, Tatsuo Akechi, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Shinji Shimodera, Norio Watanabe, Masatoshi Inagaki, Akio Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: A strong and growing body of evidence has demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), either face-to-face, in person, or as self-help via the Internet, for depression. However, CBT is a complex intervention consisting of several putatively effective components, and how each component may or may not contribute to the overall effectiveness of CBT is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate how the users of smartphone CBT use and benefit from various components of the program...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288560/dietary-acrylamide-intake-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#4
Ayaka Kotemori, Junko Ishihara, Ling Zha, Rong Liu, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Tomotaka Sobue, Shoichiro Tsugane
Acrylamide forms during cooking and is classified as a probable carcinogen in humans, mandating the need for epidemiological studies of dietary acrylamide and cancers. However, the risk of dietary acrylamide exposure to breast cancer in Japanese women has not been assessed. We investigated the association between dietary acrylamide intake and risk of breast cancer in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study. The present study included 48,910 women aged 45-74 years who responded to a 5-year follow-up survey questionnaire...
December 30, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284226/acrylamide-in-food-products-eating-habits-and-consumer-awareness-among-medical-school-students
#5
Małgorzata Kowalska, Anna Żbikowska, Sylwia Onacik-Gür, Dorota Kowalska
INTRODUCTION: Acrylamide is formed in several foods during high-temperature processing. In view of reports written about the neurotoxic, genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of acrylamide, it was considered that the presence of this substance in food products might pose a risk for human health. Currently, according to EU Commission recommendations, the content of acrylamide in food should be monitored. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to analyze the food preferences of youth and students from medical schools in Radom, central-eastern Poland, as the most frequent precipitantsas in the field of food products that may be a significant source of acrylamide in the diet...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276945/coffee-consumption-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-condensed-review-of-epidemiological-evidence-and-mechanisms
#6
Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther López-García
Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages, and some studies have suggested it may be related to cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of poor health in the world. This review evaluates the evidence on the effect of habitual coffee consumption on CVD incidence and mortality. The review is based mostly on observational studies and meta-analyses of the literature. In healthy people, in comparison to not consuming coffee, habitual consumption of 3-5 cups of coffee per day is associated with a 15% reduction in the risk of CVD, and higher consumption has not been linked to elevated CVD risk...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276412/association-between-coffee-or-caffeine-consumption-and-fecundity-and-fertility-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Julie Lyngsø, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Bjørn Bay, Hans Jakob Ingerslev, Adam Hulman, Ulrik Schiøler Kesmodel
Objective: The aim was to investigate whether coffee or caffeine consumption is associated with reproductive endpoints among women with natural fertility (ie, time to pregnancy [TTP] and spontaneous abortion [SAB]) and among women in fertility treatment (ie, clinical pregnancy rate or live birth rate). Design: This study was a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis including data from case-control and cohort studies. Methods: An extensive literature search was conducted in MEDLINE and Embase, with no time and language restrictions...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261699/sugary-drinks-taxation-projected-consumption-and-fiscal-revenues-in-colombia-evidence-from-a-quaids-model
#8
Juan Carlos Caro, Shu Wen Ng, Ricardo Bonilla, Jorge Tovar, Barry M Popkin
The global shift towards diets high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is linked to higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes and most other non-communicable diseases. In Colombia, one out of every two people was overweight or obese by 2010. This study estimates price-elasticities from a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, using the 2006-2007 Colombian Income and Expenditure survey. The food groups that were jointly considered were: unsweetened unflavored milks; coffee and tea; sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs); sweets and candies (including sugar); dairy products; meats and animal-based products; grains based staples; fruits and vegetables; and condiments and snacks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259962/serum-vitamin-d-level-related-to-coffee-consumption-in-korean-young-adults-using-the-5th-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Hee-Sook Lim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Dong-Won Byun, Bora Lee, Temuulee Enkhbold, Tae-Hee Kim
Background: Even young adults are highly interested in their osteological health, yet their calcium intake does not match the level of such interest. Increase in bone loss is known to be associated with higher intake of caffeine and coffee consumption among the young Korean is rising steadily. This study was conducted to reveal the relationship between coffee consumption and serum vitamin D level in Korean young adults. Methods: This study analyzed potential difference in lifestyle and concentration of vitamin D in blood in relation to coffee intake frequency of 2,523 subjects on the basis of data from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243265/what-motivates-men-to-donate-blood-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#10
REVIEW
A Carver, K Chell, T E Davison, B M Masser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective recruitment and retention of male donors are vital for the ongoing provision of blood products. Compared with females, male donors are less likely to be medically deferred or experience vasovagal reactions and are typically preferred for plasmapheresis donation in voluntary non-remunerated settings. However, females outnumber males among donors aged under 40 years. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence and identify key motivators for blood donation among males to inform targeted recruitment/retention campaigns...
December 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242183/frequency-of-a-diagnosis-of-glaucoma-in-individuals-who-consume-coffee-tea-and-or-soft-drinks
#11
Connie M Wu, Annie M Wu, Victoria L Tseng, Fei Yu, Anne L Coleman
AIMS: To evaluate the association between consumption of coffee, tea or soft drinks, and glaucoma in the participants of the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: The exposures of interest of this retrospective cross-sectional study were caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee, iced tea, hot tea and soft drinks. The outcome of interest was a clinical diagnosis of glaucoma based on the Rotterdam criteria. Analysis of the correlation between the frequency of consumption of each type of beverage and glaucoma was performed using logistic regression modelling while controlling for age, body mass index, gender, ethnicity, smoking status and diabetes...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236720/topical-use-and-systemic-action-of-green-and-roasted-coffee-oils-and-ground-oils-in-a-cutaneous-incision-model-in-rats-rattus-norvegicus-albinus
#12
Bruno Grosselli Lania, Joseane Morari, Aglécio Luis de Souza, Marilene Neves da Silva, Amanda Roberta de Almeida, Gislaine Veira-Damiani, Sarah Monte Alegre, Carlos Lenz César, Lício Augusto Velloso, Maria Letícia Cintra, Nilson Borlina Maia, Paulo Eduardo Neves Ferreira Velho
INTRODUCTION: Wounds are a common health problem. Coffee is widely consumed and its oil contains essential fatty acids. We evaluated the local (skin) and systemic effects associated with the topical use of coffee oils in rats. METHODS: Punch skin wounds (6 mm) incisions were generated on the backs of 75 rats. Saline (SS), mineral oil (MO), green coffee oil (GCO), roasted coffee oil (RCO), green coffee ground oil (GCGO) or roasted coffee ground oil (RCGO) were topically applied to the wounds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233502/is-there-an-association-between-artificial-sweetener-consumption-and-in-vitro-reproduction-outcomes
#13
Amanda Souza Setti, Daniela Paes de Almeida Ferreira Braga, Gabriela Halpern, Rita de Cássia S Figueira, Assumpto Iaconelli, Edson Borges
Previous studies have suggested an association between high intake of sweetened beverages and a number of adverse health outcomes. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the association between daily consumption of sweetened soft drinks or coffee and the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. Patients (n = 524) were interviewed by a nutritionist before ICSI treatment, using a food frequency questionnaire. Regression analysis showed that consumption of ≥3 servings of regular soft drinks or any amount of diet soft drinks was associated with oocyte dysmorphism, diminished embryo quality on days 2 and 3 of culture, and a mild effect on blastocyst formation, implantation and pregnancy rate...
November 28, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224485/assessment-of-dietary-factors-dietary-practices-and-exercise-on-mental-distress-in-young-adults-versus-matured-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Lina Begdache, Maher Chaar, Nasim Sabounchi, Hamed Kianmehr
The importance of the diet in modulating mental health is uncovering as many dietary factors have been described to alter brain chemistry. Brain maturation may not complete until the age of 30 which may explain the differential emotional control, mindset, and resilience between young adults and matured adults. As a result, dietary factors may influence mental health differently in these two populations. OBJECTIVES: To study dietary intake, dietary practices and exercise in young adults (YA) (18-29 years) versus matured adults (MA) (30 years and older) in relation to mental distress...
December 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209474/relationship-between-coffee-consumption-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults-data-from-the-2013-2014-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
Hyekyung Shin, John A Linton, Yujin Kwon, Yohan Jung, Bitna Oh, Sinae Oh
Background: The gradually increasing demand for coffee worldwide has prompted increased interest in the relationship between coffee and health issues as well as a need for research on metabolic syndrome in adults. Methods: Data from 3,321 subjects (1,268 men and 2,053 women) enrolled in the 2013-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. The subjects were divided into three groups according to their daily coffee consumption. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for metabolic syndrome in the coffee-drinking groups were calculated using multiple logistic regression analysis by adjusting for confounding variables...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207513/methylxanthine-content-in-commonly-consumed-foods-in-spain-and-determination-of-its-intake-during-consumption
#16
Juan M Sanchez
Methylxanthines present psychostimulant effects. These compounds have low toxicity and their consumption at moderate levels presents some beneficial health effects, whereas some significant risk appears at high levels. Samples of common types of methylxanthine-containing beverages and foods consumed in Spain were analyzed to determine their content. Caffeine was the methylxanthine that was most found in the samples investigated. Instant coffees gave the highest caffeine percentage (18-44 mg·g-1). Green and scented teas were found to have a caffeine dry-weight content (8-26 mg·g-1) equivalent to ground coffees (13-23 mg·g-1), but black and pu-erh teas (18-30 mg·g-1) had a higher caffeine content...
December 4, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202382/pesticide-exposure-tobacco-use-poor-self-perceived-health-and-presence-of-chronic-disease-are-determinants-of-depressive-symptoms-among-coffee-growers-from-southeast-brazil
#17
Catarine Lima Conti, Wagner Miranda Barbosa, João Batista Pavesi Simão, Adriana Madeira Álvares-da-Silva
The lifestyle and other factors associated with the appearance of several health conditions that affect quality of life in rural zone is an issue that has been increasingly explored. Brazil is the largest coffee-producing nation in the world and has been a considerable consumer of pesticides since 2008. The aim of the present study was to investigate factors that could be contributing to the appearance of depressive symptoms in rural workers. Two hundred twenty male volunteers from nine cities in Southeast Brazil completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) questionnaire about depressive symptoms and provided other information about socio-demographic characteristics and additional confounding factors...
December 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194424/functional-foods-and-lifestyle-approaches-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#18
REVIEW
Ahmad Alkhatib, Catherine Tsang, Ali Tiss, Theeshan Bahorun, Hossein Arefanian, Roula Barake, Abdelkrim Khadir, Jaakko Tuomilehto
Functional foods contain biologically active ingredients associated with physiological health benefits for preventing and managing chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A regular consumption of functional foods may be associated with enhanced anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, insulin sensitivity, and anti-cholesterol functions, which are considered integral to prevent and manage T2DM. Components of the Mediterranean diet (MD)-such as fruits, vegetables, oily fish, olive oil, and tree nuts-serve as a model for functional foods based on their natural contents of nutraceuticals, including polyphenols, terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, sterols, pigments, and unsaturated fatty acids...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189752/t-2-toxin-ht-2-toxin-and-ochratoxin-a-elisas-development-and-in-house-validation-in-food-in-accordance-with-the-commission-regulation-eu-no-519-2014
#19
Michalina Oplatowska-Stachowiak, Tim Kleintjens, Nermin Sajic, Willem Haasnoot, Katrina Campbell, Christopher T Elliott, Martin Salden
T-2 toxin/HT-2 toxin (T-2/HT-2) and ochratoxin A (OTA) are mycotoxins that can contaminate a variety of agricultural commodities. To protect consumers' health, indicative limits for T-2/HT-2 and maximum limits for OTA have been set by the European Commission, requiring food business operators and controlling agencies to conduct routine checks for the presence of these harmful contaminants. Screening methods are increasingly used for monitoring purposes. Due to the demand for new and improved screening tools, two individual detection methods, T-2/HT-2 and OTA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), were developed in this study...
November 30, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186515/assessment-of-moderate-coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#20
Jue-Sheng Ong, Liang-Dar Hwang, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Nicholas G Martin, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Michael C J Quinn, Marilyn C Cornelis, Puya Gharahkhani, Penelope M Webb, Stuart MacGregor
Background: Coffee consumption has been shown to be associated with various health outcomes in observational studies. However, evidence for its association with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is inconsistent and it is unclear whether these associations are causal. Methods: We used single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with (i) coffee and (ii) caffeine consumption to perform Mendelian randomization (MR) on EOC risk. We conducted a two-sample MR using genetic data on 44 062 individuals of European ancestry from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (OCAC), and combined instrumental variable estimates using a Wald-type ratio estimator...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
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