keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

excess male mortality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932949/twenty-first-century-cancer-patterns-in-small-island-nations-grenada-and-the-english-speaking-caribbean
#1
Lindsay M Cattin, Paulo S Pinheiro, Karen E Callahan, Robert Hage
PURPOSE: Grenada is a small island nation of 105,000 in the Caribbean with one single general hospital and pathology laboratory. This study assesses cancer incidence on the island based on existing pathology reports, and compares the cancer mortality burden between Grenada and other Caribbean nations. METHODS: Age-adjusted overall and site-specific cancer "incidence" rates (based on pathology reports) and mortality rates were calculated and compared for 2000-2009...
September 20, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932555/does-bioglue-contribute-to-anastomotic-pseudoaneurysm-after-thoracic-aortic-surgery
#2
Wei-Guo Ma, Bulat A Ziganshin, Chang-Fa Guo, Mohammad A Zafar, Richard S Sieller, Maryann Tranquilli, John A Elefteriades
BACKGROUND: Although bovine serum albumin-glutaraldehyde glue (BioGlue®) has been successfully used as a hemostatic adjunct in aortic surgical procedures, there are reports that it may lead to anastomotic pseudoaneurysm formation. We seek to examine if the use of BioGlue is associated with a high incidence of anastomotic pseudoaneurysm formation following surgical repair of thoracic aortic disease. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and follow-up computed tomography (CT) scans of patients from 2001 to 2015 in whom BioGlue was used during surgical repair of thoracic aortic disease to detect postoperative anastomotic pseudoaneurysm formation...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918589/isolated-pancreas-rejections-do-not-have-an-adverse-impact-on-kidney-graft-survival-whereas-kidney-rejections-are-associated-with-adverse-pancreas-graft-survival%C3%A2-in-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation
#3
Irfan Moinuddin, Muhammad Sohail Yaqub, Tim Taber, John Powelson, Jonathan Fridell, Asif Sharfuddin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diabetic Kidney Disease is associated with excessive mortality and morbidity. Simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation (SPK) significantly improves quality of life and increases life expectancy of uremic diabetic patients. It is not known whether pancreas and kidney rejections in these transplant patients is concordant or discordant. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: We analyzed clinical data on all SPK transplants performed between 2003 and 2014 at Indiana University to assess the impact of isolated or combined pancreas and kidney rejections on patient and allograft outcomes...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915963/hepcidin-and-metallothioneins-as-molecular-base-for-sex-dependent-differences-in-clinical-course-of-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-in-chronic-iron-overload
#4
Božena Ćurko-Cofek, Tanja Grubić Kezele, Vesna Barac-Latas
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic demyelinating disease of the central nervous system characterised by inflammatory and degenerative changes. It is considered that disease arises from the influence of environmental factors on genetically susceptible individuals. Recent researches, using magnetic resonance imaging, connected iron deposits in different brain regions with demyelinating process in multiple sclerosis patients. Although iron is an essential trace element important for many biological functions it could be harmful because iron excess can induce the production of reactive oxygen species, development of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation which leads to demyelination...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876563/defining-predictors-of-mortality-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#5
P Brysiewicz, D L Clarke, B Sartorius, J L Bruce, G L Laing
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe our cohort of pediatric trauma patients and to analyze their physiological data. The intention was to highlight the difficulty in using systolic blood pressure (SBP) readings in this population and to investigate the role of base excess (BE) in predicting clinical outcomes in pediatric trauma patien. METHOD: The Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) maintains a prospective digital trauma registry, and all pediatric trauma patients admitted to the service for the period January 2012 - July 2016 were included...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846059/mortality-trends-among-cocaine-users-treated-between-1989-and-2013-in-northern-italy-results-of-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Raimondo Maria Pavarin, Angelo Fioritti
A total of 852 participants attending 11 centers for addiction treatment in north Italy following problems due to cocaine abuse between 1989 and 2013 were recruited. Two typologies were created: cocaine users (never heroin) (CU) and heroin and cocaine users (HCU). During the 38-year follow-up period, 4.8% of the whole cohort died. Over the whole period, tumors were the main causes of death; starting in 2010, suicide deaths became the first cause of death. Among CUs, most deaths were due to road accidents and suicide; among HCUs, most of the deaths were from opiate overdose and from cardio-circulatory system diseases...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802709/sex-differences-in-cancer-risk-and-survival-a-swedish-cohort-study
#7
Cecilia Radkiewicz, Anna L V Johansson, Paul W Dickman, Mats Lambe, Gustaf Edgren
AIM: The aim of this study is to firmly delineate temporal and age trends regarding sex discrepancies in cancer risk and survival as well as quantifying the potential gain achieved by eliminating this inequality. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study using data on all adult incident cancer cases (n = 872,397) recorded in the Swedish Cancer Register in 1970-2014. To assess the associations between sex and cancer risk and sex and survival, male-to-female incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and excess mortality ratios (EMRs) adjusted for age and year of diagnosis were estimated using Poisson regression...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794798/mortality-of-young-offenders-a-national-register-based-follow-up-study-of-15-to-19-year-old-finnish-delinquents-referred-for-forensic-psychiatric-examination-between-1980-and-2010
#8
Nina Lindberg, Jouko Miettunen, Anni Heiskala, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. As delinquency is not a solid entity, we further aimed to compare the risk of premature death among different subgroups of the delinquents; violent versus non-violent offenders, offenders with alcohol use disorders versus those with no such diagnoses, offenders with schizophrenia spectrum disorders versus conduct- and personality-disordered offenders, under-aged versus young adult offenders, and, finally, boys versus girls...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745030/cause-specific-mortality-and-cancer-morbidity-in-390-male-workers-exposed-to-high-purity-talc-a-six-decade-follow-up
#9
Ebba Wergeland, Finn Gjertsen, Linda Vos, Tom K Grimsrud
BACKGROUND: This study updates information on mortality and cancer morbidity in a cohort of Norwegian talc workers. METHODS: Follow-up was extended with 24 years, covering 1953-2011. Comparisons were made with the general population and between subgroups within the cohort. RESULTS: Standardized mortality ratio for non-malignant respiratory disease (NMRD) was 0.38 (95%CI: 0.18, 0.69) and for diseases of the circulatory system (CVD) 0.98 (95%CI: 0...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744164/phenytoin-induced-stevens-johnson-syndrome-with-myocarditis-a-rare-case-report
#10
Ashwin Kodliwadmath
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an acute life-threatening mucocutaneous reaction caused by excessive necrosis and detachment of the epidermis. It is commonly drug induced and phenytoin is a common precipitant. Phenytoin, an antiepileptic drug, is also known to cause myocarditis. Phenytoin causing both myocarditis and SJS in the same patient is very rare and can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Here, we describe the case of a 43-year-old male who developed SJS and myocarditis secondary to phenytoin...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732032/individual-and-area-level-characteristics-associated-with-alcohol-related-mortality-among-adult-lithuanian-males-a-multilevel-analysis-based-on-census-linked-data
#11
Pavel Grigoriev, Domantas Jasilionis, Daumantas Stumbrys, Vladislava Stankūnienė, Vladimir M Shkolnikov
BACKGROUND: Although excessive alcohol-related mortality in the post-Soviet countries remains the major public health threat, determinants of this phenomenon are still poorly understood. AIMS: We assess simultaneously individual- and area-level factors associated with an elevated risk of alcohol-related mortality among Lithuanian males aged 30-64. METHODS: Our analysis is based on a census-linked dataset containing information on individual- and area-level characteristics and death events which occurred between March 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726112/mortality-risk-among-older-australians-hospitalised-with-hip-fracture-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#12
Reidar P Lystad, Cate M Cameron, Rebecca J Mitchell
With an ageing population, the burden of hip fractures is expected to increase in the coming decades. Older individuals with hip fracture are more than 3.5 times more likely to die within 12 months compared to non-injured individuals. The main priority for reducing mortality should be prevention of hip fracture. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to quantify and describe the 12-month mortality of older persons presenting to hospitals in Australia with a hip fracture. METHODS: Population-based matched cohort study using linked hospital and mortality data from four Australian states (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, and Tasmania)...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715882/influences-of-body-mass-index-and-physical-activity-on-hypertension-and-stroke-in-korean-adult-males-10-year-longitudinal-study
#13
Yonghwan Kim, Haemi Jee
PURPOSE: Hypertension and stroke have been major causes of increased mortality and social and economic burden in Korea. Although physical activity is one of the critical factors for managing adult diseases, studies on the long-term effects are rarely discussed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to elucidate the role of physical activity in hypertension and stroke via a 10-year longitudinal study. METHODS: Routinely performed health examination data of 5,624,503 Korean men between ages 20 to 70 obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHNES: 2001-2011) were assessed for this study...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689942/life-expectancy-and-outcome-of-different-treatment-strategies-for-critical-limb-ischemia-in-the-elderly-patient
#14
S Klaphake, K de Leur, P G H Mulder, G H Ho, H G W Groot, E J Veen, L van der Laan
BACKGROUND: Treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI) in the elderly patients is challenging because of the comorbidity and fragility of these patients. We analysed survival in relation to different treatment options, and estimated life expectancy of our study group by age and gender. METHODS: All patients aged ≥70 years, presenting with chronic CLI, between 2006 to 2013 were included. Treatment was conservative, endovascular, surgical or by primary major amputation...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683088/iq-and-mental-health-are-vital-predictors-of-work-drop-out-and-early-mortality-multi-state-analyses-of-norwegian-male-conscripts
#15
Stein Atle Lie, Torill H Tveito, Silje E Reme, Hege R Eriksen
BACKGROUND: Disability benefits and sick leave benefits represents huge costs in western countries. The pathways and prognostic factors for receiving these benefits seen in recent years are complex and manifold. We postulate that mental health and IQ, both alone and concurrent, influence subsequent employment status, disability benefits and mortality. METHODS: A cohort of 918 888 Norwegian men was followed for 16 years from the age of 20 to 55. Risk for health benefits, emigration, and mortality were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673574/ldl-c-levels-in-older-people-cholesterol-homeostasis-and-the-free-radical-theory-of-ageing-converge
#16
Mark T Mc Auley, Kathleen M Mooney
The cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) increases with age, up until the midpoint of life in males and females. However, LDL-C can decrease with age in older men and women. Intriguingly, a recent systematic review also revealed an inverse association between LDL-C levels and cardiovascular mortality in older people; low levels of LDL-C were associated with reduced risk of mortality. Such findings are puzzling and require a biological explanation. In this paper a hypothesis is proposed to explain these observations...
July 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667906/the-sglt2-inhibitor-empagliflozin-improves-the-primary-diabetic-complications-in-zdf-rats
#17
Sebastian Steven, Matthias Oelze, Alina Hanf, Swenja Kröller-Schön, Fatemeh Kashani, Siyer Roohani, Philipp Welschof, Maximilian Kopp, Ute Gödtel-Armbrust, Ning Xia, Huige Li, Eberhard Schulz, Karl J Lackner, Leszek Wojnowski, Serge P Bottari, Philip Wenzel, Eric Mayoux, Thomas Münzel, Andreas Daiber
Hyperglycemia associated with inflammation and oxidative stress is a major cause of vascular dysfunction and cardiovascular disease in diabetes. Recent data reports that a selective sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i), empagliflozin (Jardiance(®)), ameliorates glucotoxicity via excretion of excess glucose in urine (glucosuria) and significantly improves cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The overarching hypothesis is that hyperglycemia and glucotoxicity are upstream of all other complications seen in diabetes...
October 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667379/calcium-levels-on-admission-and-before-discharge-are-associated-with-mortality-risk-in-hospitalized-patients
#18
Amit Akirov, Alexander Gorshtein, Ilana Shraga-Slutzky, Ilan Shimon
AIM: Investigate the association of calcium levels on admission and change in levels during hospitalization with hospitalization outcomes. METHODS: Historical prospective data of patients hospitalized to units of internal medicine between 2011 and 2013. Albumin-corrected-calcium levels were classified to marked hypocalcemia (<7.5 mg/dL), mild hypocalcemia (7.5-8.5 mg/dL), normal calcium (8.5-10.5 mg/dL), mild hypercalcemia (10.5-11.5 mg/dL), marked hypercalcemia (>11...
August 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666319/cause-of-death-analysis-in-patients-with-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-with-or-without-a-defibrillator-a-systematic-review-and-proportional-meta-analysis
#19
Sérgio Barra, Rui Providência, Rudolf Duehmke, Serge Boveda, David Begley, Andrew Grace, Kumar Narayanan, Anthony Tang, Eloi Marijon, Sharad Agarwal
Aims: The additional benefit of a defibrillator in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) patients is a matter of debate. Cause-of-death analysis in a CRT population has been recently proposed as a useful approach to gain insight into this problem. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis looking at cause of death in studies involving CRT subjects with (CRT-D) or without (CRT-P) a defibrillator. Methods and results: Literature search performed from inception to 31 March 2016 for relevant studies...
June 28, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659039/adhd-medication-and-substance-related-problems
#20
Patrick D Quinn, Zheng Chang, Kwan Hur, Robert D Gibbons, Benjamin B Lahey, Martin E Rickert, Arvid Sjölander, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Brian M D'Onofrio
OBJECTIVE: Substance use disorders are major contributors to excess mortality among individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), yet associations between pharmacological ADHD treatment and substance-related problems remain unclear. This study investigated concurrent and long-term associations between ADHD medication treatment and substance-related events. METHOD: The authors analyzed 2005-2014 commercial health care claims from 2,993,887 (47...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
73516
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"