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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141344/-study-on-smoking-attributed-death-and-effects-of-smoking-cessation-in-residents-aged-35-79-years-in-tianjin-2016
#1
W Li, D Z Wang, H Zhang, Z L Xu, X D Xue, G H Jiang
Objective: To analyze the influence of smoking on deaths in residents aged 35-79 years and the effects of smoking cessation in Tianjin. Methods: The data of 39 499 death cases aged 35-79 years in 2016 in Tianjin were collected, the risks for deaths caused by smoking related diseases and excess deaths as well as effects of smoking cessation were analyzed after adjusting 5 year old age group, education level and marital status. Results: Among the 39 499 deaths cases, 1 589 (13.56%) were caused by smoking, the percentage of the excess mortality of lung cancer caused by smoking was highest (47...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125192/long-term-outcomes-among-2-year-survivors-of-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-hodgkin-and-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#2
Regina M Myers, Brian T Hill, Bronwen E Shaw, Soyoung Kim, Heather R Millard, Minoo Battiwalla, Navneet S Majhail, David Buchbinder, Hillard M Lazarus, Bipin N Savani, Mary E D Flowers, Anita D'Souza, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Amelia Langston, Jean A Yared, Robert J Hayashi, Andrew Daly, Richard F Olsson, Yoshihiro Inamoto, Adriana K Malone, Zachariah DeFilipp, Steven P Margossian, Anne B Warwick, Samantha Jaglowski, Amer Beitinjaneh, Henry Fung, Kimberly A Kasow, David I Marks, Jana Reynolds, Keith Stockerl-Goldstein, Baldeep Wirk, William A Wood, Mehdi Hamadani, Prakash Satwani
BACKGROUND: Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (auto-HCT) is a standard therapy for relapsed classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); however, long-term outcomes are not well described. METHODS: This study analyzed survival, nonrelapse mortality, late effects, and subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in 1617 patients who survived progression-free for ≥2 years after auto-HCT for cHL or DLBCL between 1990 and 2008. The median age at auto-HCT was 40 years; the median follow-up was 10...
November 10, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118676/host-responses-to-concurrent-combined-injuries-in-non-human-primates
#3
Matthew J Bradley, Diego A Vicente, Benjamin A Bograd, Erin M Sanders, Crystal L Leonhardt, Eric A Elster, Thomas A Davis
Background: Multi-organ failure (MOF) following trauma remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality related to a poorly understood abnormal inflammatory response. We characterized the inflammatory response in a non-human primate soft tissue injury and closed abdomen hemorrhage and sepsis model developed to assess realistic injury patterns and induce MOF. Methods: Adult male Mauritan Cynomolgus Macaques underwent laparoscopy to create a cecal perforation and non-anatomic liver resection along with a full-thickness flank soft tissue injury...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114948/excess-mortality-among-ten-year-survivors-of-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#4
Ana C Xavier, Narendranath Epperla, Jeffrey W Taub, Luciano J Costa
Adolescents and young adults (AYA) surviving classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) risk long term treatment-related toxicity that may be fatal. Although changes in therapy have improved short term toxicity, the subsequent impact on risk of death in survivors is less characterized. We utilized the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program to compare excess mortality rate (EMR- observed minus expected mortality) for 10-year survivors of AYA cHL diagnosed in 1973-1992 and 1993-2003 eras. The 15-year EMR reduced from 4...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082890/acute-pancreatitis-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-treated-by-plasmapheresis
#5
Emine Şeyma Denli Yalvaç, Mustafa Aldağ, Cemal Kocaaslan, Ebubekir Şenateş, Ebuzer Aydın
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common disorder and an important cause of morbidity and mortality. There are different causes of AP, including gallstones and excessive alcohol consumption. AP after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is seen less frequently but it is associated with a high mortality rate due to its atypical and misleading symptoms. Supportive treatment, pain management, and treatment of complications are used in the treatment of AP. The treatment of hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis is plasmapheresis, which is an extracorporeal separation of blood components to assist in the removal of inflammatory mediators...
October 30, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082002/gender-bias-in-under-five-mortality-in-low-middle-income-countries
#6
Janaína Calu Costa, Inacio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Cesar Gomes Victora
INTRODUCTION: Due to biological reasons, boys are more likely to die than girls. The detection of gender bias requires knowing the expected relation between male and female mortality rates at different levels of overall mortality, in the absence of discrimination. Our objective was to compare two approaches aimed at assessing excess female under-five mortality rate (U5MR) in low/middle-income countries. METHODS: We compared the two approaches using data from 60 Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-2014)...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062464/estrogens-protect-calsequestrin-1-knockout-mice-from-lethal-hyperthermic-episodes-by-reducing-oxidative-stress-in-muscle
#7
Antonio Michelucci, Simona Boncompagni, Marta Canato, Carlo Reggiani, Feliciano Protasi
Oxidative stress has been proposed to play a key role in malignant hyperthermia (MH), a syndrome caused by excessive Ca(2+) release in skeletal muscle. Incidence of mortality in male calsequestrin-1 knockout (CASQ1-null) mice during exposure to halothane and heat (a syndrome closely resembling human MH) is far greater than that in females. To investigate the possible role of sex hormones in this still unexplained gender difference, we treated male and female CASQ1-null mice for 1 month, respectively, with Premarin (conjugated estrogens) and leuprolide (GnRH analog) and discovered that during exposure to halothane and heat Premarin reduced the mortality rate in males (79-27% and 86-20%), while leuprolide increased the incidence of mortality in females (18-73% and 24-82%)...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053758/sex-differences-in-long-term-mortality-among-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-results-from-the-isar-risk-and-art-studies
#8
Romy Ubrich, Petra Barthel, Bernhard Haller, Katerina Hnatkova, Katharina Maria Huster, Alexander Steger, Alexander Müller, Marek Malik, Georg Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates in females who survived acute myocardial infarction (AMI) exceed those in males. Differences between sexes in age, cardiovascular risk factors and revascularization therapy have been proposed as possible reasons. OBJECTIVE: To select sets of female and male patients comparable in respect of relevant risk factors in order to compare the sex-specific risk in a systematic manner. METHODS: Data of the ISAR-RISK and ART studies were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029525/association-between-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Lei Zhao, Heng-Rui Liang, Feng-Ying Chen, Zi Chen, Wei-Jie Guan, Jian-Hua Li
Air pollutant levels in many Chinese cities remained significantly higher than the upper limits stated in World Health Organization guidelines. In light of limited evidence in China, we conducted a meta-analysis summarizing the association between acute exposure of air pollution and cardiovascular mortality. We searched PubMed, and CNKI databases etc. for literature published in English or Chinese up to January 2017. Outcomes were pooled and compared using random-effects model. Excess risks (ERs) per 10 μg/m(3) increase in PM2...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985139/lung-cancer-risk-from-plutonium-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-mayak-and-sellafield-worker-cohorts
#10
Michael Gillies, Irina Kuznetsova, Mikhail Sokolnikov, Richard Haylock, Jackie O'Hagan, Yulia Tsareva, Elena Labutina
In this study, lung cancer risk from occupational plutonium exposure was analyzed in a pooled cohort of Mayak and Sellafield workers, two of the most informative cohorts in the world with detailed plutonium urine monitoring programs. The pooled cohort comprised 45,817 workers: 23,443 Sellafield workers first employed during 1947-2002 with follow-up until the end of 2005 and 22,374 Mayak workers first employed during 1948-1982 with follow-up until the end of 2008. In the pooled cohort 1,195 lung cancer deaths were observed (789 Mayak, 406 Sellafield) but only 893 lung cancer incidences (509 Mayak, 384 Sellafield, due to truncated follow-up in the incidence analysis)...
October 6, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983575/association-of-anesthesia-duration-with-complications-after-microvascular-reconstruction-of-the-head-and-neck
#11
Jacob S Brady, Stuti V Desai, Meghan M Crippen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Yuriy Gubenko, Soly Baredes, Richard Chan Woo Park
Importance: Prolonged anesthesia and operative times have deleterious effects on surgical outcomes in a variety of procedures. However, data regarding the influence of anesthesia duration on microvascular reconstruction of the head and neck are lacking. Objective: To examine the association of anesthesia duration with complications after microvascular reconstruction of the head and neck. Design, Setting, and Participants: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was used to collect data...
October 5, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983565/the-burden-of-primary-liver-cancer-and-underlying-etiologies-from-1990-to-2015-at-the-global-regional-and-national-level-results-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#12
Tomi Akinyemiju, Semaw Abera, Muktar Ahmed, Noore Alam, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Christine Allen, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Yaw Amoako, Al Artaman, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Aleksandra Barac, Isabela Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Jacqueline Castillo-Rivas, Abdulaal Chitheer, Jee-Young Choi, Benjamin Cowie, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Subhojit Dey, Daniel Dicker, Huyen Phuc, Donatus U Ekwueme, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Florian Fischer, Thomas Fürst, Jamie Hancock, Simon I Hay, Peter Hotez, Sun Ha Jee, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Khader, Young-Ho Khang, G Anil Kumar, Michael Kutz, Heidi Larson, Alan Lopez, Raimundas Lunevicius, Reza Malekzadeh, Colm McAlinden, Toni Meier, Walter Mendoza, Ali Mokdad, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Gabriele Nagel, Quyen Nguyen, Grant Nguyen, Felix Ogbo, George Patton, David M Pereira, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Gholamreza Roshandel, Joshua A Salomon, Juan Sanabria, Benn Sartorius, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf Sepanlou, Katya Shackelford, Hirbo Shore, Jiandong Sun, Desalegn Tadese Mengistu, Roman Topór-Madry, Bach Tran, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Vasiliy Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Theo Vos, Tolassa Wakayo, Elisabete Weiderpass, Andrea Werdecker, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Zoubida Zaidi, Liguo Zhu, Christopher J L Murray, Mohsen Naghavi, Christina Fitzmaurice
Importance: Liver cancer is among the leading causes of cancer deaths globally. The most common causes for liver cancer include hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and alcohol use. Objective: To report results of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study on primary liver cancer incidence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 195 countries or territories from 1990 to 2015, and present global, regional, and national estimates on the burden of liver cancer attributable to HBV, HCV, alcohol, and an "other" group that encompasses residual causes...
October 5, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975492/sleeve-gastrectomy-outcomes-in-patients-with-bmi-between-30-and-35-3-years-of-follow-up
#13
Marcos A Berry, Lionel Urrutia, Patricio Lamoza, Alfredo Molina, Eduardo Luna, Federico Parra, María J Domínguez, Rodrigo Alonso
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in patients with a BMI between 30 and 35 kg/m(2) plus comorbidities has shown to be safe and effective. The purpose of this study is to describe our outcomes in this group of patients after 3 years of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive analysis of patients with initial BMI between 30 and 35 kg/m(2) plus comorbidities were submitted to LSG between 2006 and 2013. We analyzed gender, age, comorbidities, BMI, total weight loss (%TWL), excess weight loss (%EWL), comorbidity resolution, morbidity, and mortality...
October 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959437/gender-inequities-in-curative-and-preventive-health-care-use-among-infants-in-bihar-india
#14
Rohan J Vilms, Lotus McDougal, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Daniel P Triplett, Jay Silverman, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: India has the highest rate of excess female infant deaths in the world. Studies with decade-old data suggest gender inequities in infant health care seeking, but little new large-scale research has examined this issue. We assessed differences in health care utilization by sex of the child, using 2014 data for Bihar, India. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of statewide representative survey data collected for a non-blinded maternal and child health evaluation study...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946846/descriptive-characteristics-of-prostate-cancer-in-patients-with-a-history-of-primary-male-breast-cancer-a-seer-analysis
#15
Nikita Abhyankar, Kent F Hoskins, Michael R Abern, Gregory S Calip
BACKGROUND: Current evidence on risk of prostate cancer following a diagnosis of male breast cancer is limited and guidance for screening in this potentially higher-risk population remainsunclear. Our objective was to quantify prostate cancer risk in men diagnosed with breast cancer. METHODS: We identified men diagnosed with first primary breast cancer between 1988 and 2012 using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program registry databases. Men were followed for occurrence of a second primary prostate cancer and secondary outcomes of cancer-specific and overall survival...
September 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932949/twenty-first-century-cancer-patterns-in-small-island-nations-grenada-and-the-english-speaking-caribbean
#16
Lindsay M Cattin, Paulo S Pinheiro, Karen E Callahan, Robert Hage
PURPOSE: Grenada is a small island nation of 105,000 in the Caribbean with one single general hospital and pathology laboratory. This study assesses cancer incidence on the island based on existing pathology reports, and compares the cancer mortality burden between Grenada and other Caribbean nations. METHODS: Age-adjusted overall and site-specific cancer "incidence" rates (based on pathology reports) and mortality rates were calculated and compared for 2000-2009...
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932555/does-bioglue-contribute-to-anastomotic-pseudoaneurysm-after-thoracic-aortic-surgery
#17
Wei-Guo Ma, Bulat A Ziganshin, Chang-Fa Guo, Mohammad A Zafar, Richard S Sieller, Maryann Tranquilli, John A Elefteriades
BACKGROUND: Although bovine serum albumin-glutaraldehyde glue (BioGlue®) has been successfully used as a hemostatic adjunct in aortic surgical procedures, there are reports that it may lead to anastomotic pseudoaneurysm formation. We seek to examine if the use of BioGlue is associated with a high incidence of anastomotic pseudoaneurysm formation following surgical repair of thoracic aortic disease. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and follow-up computed tomography (CT) scans of patients from 2001 to 2015 in whom BioGlue was used during surgical repair of thoracic aortic disease to detect postoperative anastomotic pseudoaneurysm formation...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918589/isolated-pancreas-rejections-do-not-have-an-adverse-impact-on-kidney-graft-survival-whereas-kidney-rejections-are-associated-with-adverse-pancreas-graft-survival%C3%A2-in-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation
#18
Irfan Moinuddin, Muhammad Sohail Yaqub, Tim Taber, John Powelson, Jonathan Fridell, Asif Sharfuddin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diabetic Kidney Disease is associated with excessive mortality and morbidity. Simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation (SPK) significantly improves quality of life and increases life expectancy of uremic diabetic patients. It is not known whether pancreas and kidney rejections in these transplant patients is concordant or discordant. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: We analyzed clinical data on all SPK transplants performed between 2003 and 2014 at Indiana University to assess the impact of isolated or combined pancreas and kidney rejections on patient and allograft outcomes...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915963/hepcidin-and-metallothioneins-as-molecular-base-for-sex-dependent-differences-in-clinical-course-of-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-in-chronic-iron-overload
#19
Božena Ćurko-Cofek, Tanja Grubić Kezele, Vesna Barac-Latas
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic demyelinating disease of the central nervous system characterised by inflammatory and degenerative changes. It is considered that disease arises from the influence of environmental factors on genetically susceptible individuals. Recent researches, using magnetic resonance imaging, connected iron deposits in different brain regions with demyelinating process in multiple sclerosis patients. Although iron is an essential trace element important for many biological functions it could be harmful because iron excess can induce the production of reactive oxygen species, development of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation which leads to demyelination...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876563/defining-predictors-of-mortality-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#20
P Brysiewicz, D L Clarke, B Sartorius, J L Bruce, G L Laing
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe our cohort of pediatric trauma patients and to analyze their physiological data. The intention was to highlight the difficulty in using systolic blood pressure (SBP) readings in this population and to investigate the role of base excess (BE) in predicting clinical outcomes in pediatric trauma patien. METHOD: The Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) maintains a prospective digital trauma registry, and all pediatric trauma patients admitted to the service for the period January 2012 - July 2016 were included...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
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