keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

excess male mortality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745030/cause-specific-mortality-and-cancer-morbidity-in-390-male-workers-exposed-to-high-purity-talc-a-six-decade-follow-up
#1
Ebba Wergeland, Finn Gjertsen, Linda Vos, Tom K Grimsrud
BACKGROUND: This study updates information on mortality and cancer morbidity in a cohort of Norwegian talc workers. METHODS: Follow-up was extended with 24 years, covering 1953-2011. Comparisons were made with the general population and between subgroups within the cohort. RESULTS: Standardized mortality ratio for non-malignant respiratory disease (NMRD) was 0.38 (95%CI: 0.18, 0.69) and for diseases of the circulatory system (CVD) 0.98 (95%CI: 0...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732032/individual-and-area-level-characteristics-associated-with-alcohol-related-mortality-among-adult-lithuanian-males-a-multilevel-analysis-based-on-census-linked-data
#2
Pavel Grigoriev, Domantas Jasilionis, Daumantas Stumbrys, Vladislava Stankūnienė, Vladimir M Shkolnikov
BACKGROUND: Although excessive alcohol-related mortality in the post-Soviet countries remains the major public health threat, determinants of this phenomenon are still poorly understood. AIMS: We assess simultaneously individual- and area-level factors associated with an elevated risk of alcohol-related mortality among Lithuanian males aged 30-64. METHODS: Our analysis is based on a census-linked dataset containing information on individual- and area-level characteristics and death events which occurred between March 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726112/mortality-risk-among-older-australians-hospitalised-with-hip-fracture-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#3
Reidar P Lystad, Cate M Cameron, Rebecca J Mitchell
With an ageing population, the burden of hip fractures is expected to increase in the coming decades. Older individuals with hip fracture are more than 3.5 times more likely to die within 12 months compared to non-injured individuals. The main priority for reducing mortality should be prevention of hip fracture. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to quantify and describe the 12-month mortality of older persons presenting to hospitals in Australia with a hip fracture. METHODS: Population-based matched cohort study using linked hospital and mortality data from four Australian states (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, and Tasmania)...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715882/influences-of-body-mass-index-and-physical-activity-on-hypertension-and-stroke-in-korean-adult-males-10-year-longitudinal-study
#4
Yonghwan Kim, Haemi Jee
PURPOSE: Hypertension and stroke have been major causes of increased mortality and social and economic burden in Korea. Although physical activity is one of the critical factors for managing adult diseases, studies on the long-term effects are rarely discussed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to elucidate the role of physical activity in hypertension and stroke via a 10-year longitudinal study. METHODS: Routinely performed health examination data of 5,624,503 Korean men between ages 20 to 70 obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHNES: 2001-2011) were assessed for this study...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689942/life-expectancy-and-outcome-of-different-treatment-strategies-for-critical-limb-ischemia-in-the-elderly-patient
#5
S Klaphake, K de Leur, P G H Mulder, G H Ho, H G W Groot, E J Veen, L van der Laan
BACKGROUND: Treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI) in the elderly patients is challenging because of the comorbidity and fragility of these patients. We analysed survival in relation to different treatment options, and estimated life expectancy of our study group by age and gender. METHODS: All patients aged ≥70 years, presenting with chronic CLI, between 2006 to 2013 were included. Treatment was conservative, endovascular, surgical or by primary major amputation...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683088/iq-and-mental-health-are-vital-predictors-of-work-drop-out-and-early-mortality-multi-state-analyses-of-norwegian-male-conscripts
#6
Stein Atle Lie, Torill H Tveito, Silje E Reme, Hege R Eriksen
BACKGROUND: Disability benefits and sick leave benefits represents huge costs in western countries. The pathways and prognostic factors for receiving these benefits seen in recent years are complex and manifold. We postulate that mental health and IQ, both alone and concurrent, influence subsequent employment status, disability benefits and mortality. METHODS: A cohort of 918 888 Norwegian men was followed for 16 years from the age of 20 to 55. Risk for health benefits, emigration, and mortality were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673574/ldl-c-levels-in-older-people-cholesterol-homeostasis-and-the-free-radical-theory-of-ageing-converge
#7
Mark T Mc Auley, Kathleen M Mooney
The cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) increases with age, up until the midpoint of life in males and females. However, LDL-C can decrease with age in older men and women. Intriguingly, a recent systematic review also revealed an inverse association between LDL-C levels and cardiovascular mortality in older people; low levels of LDL-C were associated with reduced risk of mortality. Such findings are puzzling and require a biological explanation. In this paper a hypothesis is proposed to explain these observations...
July 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667906/the-sglt2-inhibitor-empagliflozin-improves-the-primary-diabetic-complications-in-zdf-rats
#8
Sebastian Steven, Matthias Oelze, Alina Hanf, Swenja Kröller-Schön, Fatemeh Kashani, Siyer Roohani, Philipp Welschof, Maximilian Kopp, Ute Gödtel-Armbrust, Ning Xia, Huige Li, Eberhard Schulz, Karl J Lackner, Leszek Wojnowski, Serge P Bottari, Philip Wenzel, Eric Mayoux, Thomas Münzel, Andreas Daiber
Hyperglycemia associated with inflammation and oxidative stress is a major cause of vascular dysfunction and cardiovascular disease in diabetes. Recent data reports that a selective sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i), empagliflozin (Jardiance(®)), ameliorates glucotoxicity via excretion of excess glucose in urine (glucosuria) and significantly improves cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The overarching hypothesis is that hyperglycemia and glucotoxicity are upstream of all other complications seen in diabetes...
June 22, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667379/calcium-levels-on-admission-and-before-discharge-are-associated-with-mortality-risk-in-hospitalized-patients
#9
Amit Akirov, Alexander Gorshtein, Ilana Shraga-Slutzky, Ilan Shimon
AIM: Investigate the association of calcium levels on admission and change in levels during hospitalization with hospitalization outcomes. METHODS: Historical prospective data of patients hospitalized to units of internal medicine between 2011 and 2013. Albumin-corrected-calcium levels were classified to marked hypocalcemia (<7.5 mg/dL), mild hypocalcemia (7.5-8.5 mg/dL), normal calcium (8.5-10.5 mg/dL), mild hypercalcemia (10.5-11.5 mg/dL), marked hypercalcemia (>11...
August 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666319/cause-of-death-analysis-in-patients-with-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-with-or-without-a-defibrillator-a-systematic-review-and-proportional-meta-analysis
#10
Sérgio Barra, Rui Providência, Rudolf Duehmke, Serge Boveda, David Begley, Andrew Grace, Kumar Narayanan, Anthony Tang, Eloi Marijon, Sharad Agarwal
Aims: The additional benefit of a defibrillator in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) patients is a matter of debate. Cause-of-death analysis in a CRT population has been recently proposed as a useful approach to gain insight into this problem. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis looking at cause of death in studies involving CRT subjects with (CRT-D) or without (CRT-P) a defibrillator. Methods and results: Literature search performed from inception to 31 March 2016 for relevant studies...
June 28, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659039/adhd-medication-and-substance-related-problems
#11
Patrick D Quinn, Zheng Chang, Kwan Hur, Robert D Gibbons, Benjamin B Lahey, Martin E Rickert, Arvid Sjölander, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Brian M D'Onofrio
OBJECTIVE: Substance use disorders are major contributors to excess mortality among individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), yet associations between pharmacological ADHD treatment and substance-related problems remain unclear. This study investigated concurrent and long-term associations between ADHD medication treatment and substance-related events. METHOD: The authors analyzed 2005-2014 commercial health care claims from 2,993,887 (47...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633458/causes-of-death-and-mortality-trends-of-all-individuals-reported-with-hiv-aids-in-israel-1985-2010
#12
Zohar Mor, Rivka Sheffer, Daniel Chemtob
Background: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed life-expectancy and mortality trends among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) since 1996. This retrospective cohort study aimed to assess the mortality epidemiology of PLWHA in Israel and analyze the causes of death. Methods: This cohort study included all adult Israeli-citizens PLWHA between 1985 and 2010 and crossed matched with the Civil Registry to identify those who died. Death certificates were classified into AIDS or non-AIDS deaths related-causes...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619832/excess-mortality-among-hiv-infected-individuals-with-cancer-in-the-united-states
#13
Anna E Coghill, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Meredith S Shiels, Eric A Engels
Background: Human immunodefieciency virus (HIV)-infected persons are living longer in the era of effective HIV treatment, resulting in an increasing cancer burden in this population. The combined effects of HIV and cancer on mortality are incompletely understood.Methods: We examined whether individuals with both HIV and cancer have excess mortality using data from the HIV/AIDS Cancer Match Study and the National Center for Health Statistics (1996-2010). We compared age, sex, and race-stratified mortality between people with and without HIV or one of the following cancers: lung, breast, prostate, colorectum, anus, Hodgkin lymphoma, or non-Hodgkin lymphoma...
July 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617256/mortality-of-populations-residing-in-geothermal-areas-of-tuscany-during-the-period-2003-2012
#14
Elisa Bustaffa, Fabrizio Minichilli, Daniela Nuvolone, Fabio Voller, Francesco Cipriani, Fabrizio Bianchi
INTRODUCTION: The limited scientific knowledge on the relationship between exposure and health effects in relation to geothermal activity motivated an epidemiologic investigation of Tuscan geothermal area. AIM: This study aims at describing mortality of populations living in Tuscan municipalities in the period 2003-2012. METHOD: Sixteen municipalities were included in the study area: eight in the northern and eight in the southern area. Mortality data come from the Regional Mortality Registry of Tuscany...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600114/conversion-of-failed-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-to-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-outcomes-of-9-case-series
#15
Hamzeh M Halawani, Fernando Bonanni, Abraham Betancourt, Gintaras Antanavicius
INTRODUCTION: Weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a frustrating long-term complication in some patients. Revision of RYGB to biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is an appealing option. There is a paucity of information in literature regarding this type of conversion. SETTING: Regional referral center and teaching hospital, Pennsylvania, United States; nonprofit. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2016, a retrospective chart review was performed on all our revision cases...
April 26, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580628/mortality-in-the-waikato-hospital-systemic-sclerosis-cohort
#16
Clement Ooi, Kamal Solanki, Chunhuan Lao, Chris Frampton, Douglas White
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the causes of mortality and standardised mortality ratio in a cohort of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: A cohort of 132 patients enrolled at the Waikato Systemic Sclerosis Clinic was prospectively followed from 2005 to 2016. Patient demographics, diagnoses and laboratory reports were used to assess risk of mortality and generate standardised mortality ratios (SMR). Survival was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier methods. RESULTS: Of the cohort of 132 patients, 20 (15%) were deceased by the end of the study period...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513877/heart-rate-and-outcome-in-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-differences-between-atrial-fibrillation-and-sinus-rhythm-a-cibis-ii-analysis
#17
Bart A Mulder, Kevin Damman, Dirk J Van Veldhuisen, Isabelle C Van Gelder, Michiel Rienstra
BACKGROUND: Heart rate has been associated with prognosis in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF) and sinus rhythm; whether this also holds true in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate cardiac rhythm and baseline heart rate and the influence of outcome in patients with HFREF enrolled in the Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Study II. METHODS: In total, 2539 patients were stratified according to their baseline heart rhythm (AF or sinus rhythm) and into quartiles of heart rate (≤70 bpm, 71-78 bpm, 79-90 bpm, and >90 bpm)...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#18
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510737/total-haemoglobin-mass-but-not-haemoglobin-concentration-is-associated-with-preoperative-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-derived-oxygen-consumption-variables
#19
J M Otto, J O M Plumb, D Wakeham, E Clissold, L Loughney, W Schmidt, H E Montgomery, M P W Grocott, T Richards
Background: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) measures peak exertional oxygen consumption ( V˙O2peak ) and that at the anaerobic threshold ( V˙O2 at AT, i.e. the point at which anaerobic metabolism contributes substantially to overall metabolism). Lower values are associated with excess postoperative morbidity and mortality. A reduced haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) results from a reduction in total haemoglobin mass (tHb-mass) or an increase in plasma volume. Thus, tHb-mass might be a more useful measure of oxygen-carrying capacity and might correlate better with CPET-derived fitness measures in preoperative patients than does circulating [Hb]...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495263/tobacco-use-among-people-living-with-hiv-analysis-of-data-from-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-28-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#20
Noreen D Mdege, Sarwat Shah, Olalekan A Ayo-Yusuf, James Hakim, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use among people living with HIV results in excess morbidity and mortality. However, very little is known about the extent of tobacco use among people living with HIV in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We assessed the prevalence of tobacco use among people living with HIV in LMICs. METHODS: We used Demographic and Health Survey data collected between 2003 and 2014 from 28 LMICs where both tobacco use and HIV test data were made publicly available...
June 2017: Lancet Global Health
keyword
keyword
73516
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"