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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143572/socio-economic-integration-of-the-informal-recycling-sector-through-an-ngo-intervention-at-the-andralanitra-dumpsite-in-antananarivo-madagascar
#1
Harinaivo A Andrianisa, Fanilo M Randriatsiferana, Serge L Rakotoson, Fanja Rakotoaritera
The social status improvement and the degree of integration of the informal recycling sector, by using InteRa, made by the AKAMASOA association interventions at the Andralanitra dumpsite (Antananarivo, Madagascar) was assessed. 20% of the workers from the three activities at the site were interviewed: 325 scavengers, 12 compost producers and three soap manufacturers. It was found that the incomes of Andralanitra workers are relatively low compared to that of people working in the same field in other countries (30-60 USD/month)...
November 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123603/paediatric-appropriate-facilities-in-emergency-departments-of-community-hospitals-in-ontario-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Muhammad Akhter Hamid, Sohaib Siddiqui, Jabeen Fayyaz, Ayesha Chandna, Aliya Ariz, Joe Butchey, Elancheliyan Ambalavanar, Niraj Mistry, Aftab Muhammad Azad, Junaid A Bhatti, Dennis Scolnik
BACKGROUND: We assessed whether the paediatric-appropriate facilities were available at Emergency Departments (ED) in community hospitals in a Canadian province. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of EDs in community hospitals in Ontario, Canada that had inpatient paediatric facilities and a neonatal intensive care unit. Key informants were ED chiefs, clinical educators, or managers. The survey included questions about paediatric facilities related to environment, triage, training, and staff in EDs...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107892/implementation-of-deinstitutionalization-of-child-care-institutions-in-post-soviet-countries-the-case-of-azerbaijan
#3
Aytakin Huseynli
Institutional care has proven to be detrimental for child development. This study examined the status of the State Program on Deinstitutionalization and Alternative Care (SPDAC), a public policy aimed at transforming 55 institutions covering 14,500 children during 2006-2016 in Azerbaijan. The success of this public policy was crucial for the country's entire child welfare system. The study used a crosssectional, descriptive, exploratory, and qualitative method. Data were collected through in-depth, semistructured interviews and archival resources...
November 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095913/intrinsic-group-behaviour-dependence-of-pedestrian-dyad-dynamics-on-principal-social-and-personal-features
#4
Francesco Zanlungo, Zeynep Yücel, Dražen Brščić, Takayuki Kanda, Norihiro Hagita
Being determined by human social behaviour, pedestrian group dynamics may depend on "intrinsic properties" such as the purpose of the pedestrians, their personal relation, gender, age, and body size. In this work we investigate the dynamical properties of pedestrian dyads (distance, spatial formation and velocity) by analysing a large data set of automatically tracked pedestrian trajectories in an unconstrained "ecological" setting (a shopping mall), whose apparent physical and social group properties have been analysed by three different human coders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092690/suicide-behaviour-among-guyanese-orphans-identification-of-suicide-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-low-to-middle-income-country
#5
Ellen-Ge D Denton, George J Musa, Christina Hoven
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is the leading cause of death among youth in Guyana, a low- and middle-income country (LMIC), which globally ranks first in female adolescent suicides over the last decade. Worldwide, Guyana has experienced the largest increase in youth suicide, despite focused public health efforts to reduce suicide. Further, youth in Guyana, who are clients of the orphanage system and have faced early childhood trauma, may have an additive risk for suicide. Guided by an ideation-to-action theoretical framework for suicide prevention, the goal of the proposed research study is to describe and identify risk and protective factor correlates of youth suicidal behaviour among those at highest risk for suicide - orphans who reside in a LMIC institutional setting...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043910/intersections-of-girl-child-marriage-and-family-planning-beliefs-and-use-qualitative-findings-from-ethiopia-and-india
#6
Katherine A McClendon, Lotus McDougal, Sankari Ayyaluru, Yemeserach Belayneh, Anand Sinha, Jay G Silverman, Anita Raj
Child marriage and subsequent early first birth is a considerable social, economic and health concern, and a pervasive practice in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This study explores barriers and facilitators to family planning among women and girls, and their marital decision-makers subsequent to receipt of child marriage prevention programmes in Ethiopia and India. In-depth interviews with 128 women and girls who were married as minors or who cancelled or postponed marriage as minors and their marital decision-makers were analysed using content analysis...
October 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038132/provider-perspectives-of-high-quality-pediatric-hospital-to-home-transitions-for-children-and-youth-with-chronic-disease
#7
Carolyn C Foster, Elizabeth Jacob-Files, Kimberly C Arthur, Stephanie A Hillman, Todd C Edwards, Rita Mangione-Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe health care providers' and hospital administrators' perspectives on how to improve pediatric hospital-to-home transitions for children and youth with chronic disease (CYCD). METHODS: Focus groups and key informant interviews of inpatient attending physicians, primary care physicians, pediatric residents, nurses, care coordinators, and social workers were conducted at a tertiary care children's hospital. Key informant interviews were performed with hospital administrators...
November 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036936/barriers-and-facilitators-for-health-behavior-change-among-adults-from-multi-problem-households-a-qualitative-study
#8
Gera E Nagelhout, Lette Hogeling, Renate Spruijt, Nathalie Postma, Hein de Vries
Multi-problem households are households with problems on more than one of the following core problem areas: socio-economic problems, psycho-social problems, and problems related to child care. The aim of this study was to examine barriers and facilitators for health behavior change among adults from multi-problem households, as well as to identify ideas for a health promotion program. A qualitative study involving 25 semi-structured interviews was conducted among Dutch adults who received intensive family home care for multi-problem households...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036185/impact-of-social-inequalities-at-birth-on-the-longevity-of-children-born-1914-1916-a-cohort-study
#9
Nicolas Todd, Sophie Le Fur, Pierre Bougnères, Alain-Jacques Valleron
BACKGROUND: Testing whether familial socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood is a predictor of mortality has rarely been done on historical cohorts. METHODS: The birth certificates of 4,805 individuals born 1914-1916 in 16 districts of the Paris region were retrieved. The handwritten information provided the occupation of parents, the legitimacy status, life events (e.g. marriage, divorce), and the precise date of death when after 1945 (i.e. age 31 years (y) in the cohort)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986993/children-in-out-of-home-care-are-at-high-risk-of-somatic-dental-and-mental-ill-health
#10
L S Randsalu, L Laurell
AIM: The Swedish Social Board has implemented a support strategy to guide out-of-home care for children, which translates as children's needs in focus (CNIF) and includes a systematic health assessment. It was fully introduced into the Skåne province in 2012 and our study covered the first four years of the CNIF health assessments, from 2012 to 2015. METHODS: We studied children aged 0-17 years in out-of-home care who had been referred by social workers for a CNIF health assessment, using their medical records to investigate both their health and the value of the health assessments...
October 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981896/protective-factors-for-psychotic-symptoms-among-poly-victimized-children
#11
Eloise Crush, Louise Arseneault, Sara R Jaffee, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher
Background: Experiencing victimization in early life has been repeatedly shown to be associated with the emergence of psychotic symptoms in childhood. However, most victimized children do not develop psychotic symptoms and why this occurs is not fully understood. This study investigated which individual, family-level, and wider community characteristics were associated with an absence of psychotic symptoms among children at risk for psychosis by virtue of their exposure to multiple victimization experiences (poly-victimization)...
August 31, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981222/-abused-child-or-suspected-abused-child-caregiving
#12
B Vanthournout
Optimal care for abused children and their families can only be achieved through joint and committed endeavours from scientists, social workers and judiciary. The topic of child abuse and neglect will be introduced by a short account of the evolution of the status of the child in Western society. This clinic will be approached in its systemic dimension and will examine the place of the child in the family system and society in general. Clinical intervention intricacy as well as widely varying factors to be taken into account such as protection, ethics, therapy, way of life etc...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976068/who-knows-what-an-exploration-of-the-infant-feeding-message-environment-and-intracultural-differences-in-port-au-prince-haiti
#13
Elizabeth L Fox, Gretel H Pelto, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Marie Guerda Debrosse, Vanessa A Rouzier, Jean William Pape, David L Pelletier
Worldwide, mothers with young children receive many messages about infant feeding. Some messages are generated by health providers and others by the households, communities, and social contexts in which women live. We aimed to determine the scope of infant feeding messages in urban Haiti and to examine intracultural differences in salience of these messages and their alignment with international guidelines. We applied the method of free listing with 13 health workers and 15 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and 15 HIV-uninfected mothers with infants 0-6 months old at Groupe Haïtien d'Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes in Port-au-Prince, Haiti...
October 4, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974170/the-voice-of-the-child-in-parental-divorce-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-mental-health-practitioners
#14
Carrie Brand, Greg Howcroft, Christopher Norman Hoelson
OBJECTIVE: Research on parental divorce suggests that the nature of the divorce process, as experienced by the child, is the most important factor in his or her post-divorce adjustment. Research regarding children's experiences of the divorce process has been limited and the adult perspective has dominated the discourse on divorce; only recently has research started to consider children's viewpoint. This article describes a narrative inquiry into the experiences and perceptions of parental divorce, of 9- to 10-year-old children...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971717/perceptions-of-support-among-swedish-parents-of-children-after-end-of-successful-cancer-treatment-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#15
Laura Kukkola, Emma Hovén, Martin Cernvall, Louise von Essen, Helena Grönqvist
INTRODUCTION: Most children survive childhood cancer, however parenting a child diagnosed with cancer is a major challenge. The main aim of the current study was to describe Swedish parents' need, opportunity and benefit of support from healthcare professionals and significant others after end of a child's successful cancer treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was collected from approximately one week after end of successful treatment/six months after transplantation (T4, n = 212) up to five years thereafter (T7, n = 137)...
October 3, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959917/a-qualitative-study-of-men-s-recollections-of-growing-up-with-father-absence-childhood-father-figures-and-family-resilience
#16
Leah East, Marie Hutchinson, Tamara Power, Debra Jackson
BACKGROUND: Families come in many forms and single parent women headed households are common with nurses being well positioned to provide support for these women and their children. For children growing up in lone parent households, the nature of family relationships and the availability of a social support network are important factors in reducing developmental risks. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore adult men's recollections of growing up in a father absent home...
September 29, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957574/social-justice-for-crossover-youth-the-intersection-of-the-child-welfare-and-juvenile-justice-systems
#17
Karen M Kolivoski, Sara Goodkind, Jeffrey J Shook
Social workers are critical to promoting racial and social justice. "Crossover youth," a term used to describe youths who have contact with both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems, are an especially vulnerable but often overlooked population with whom social workers engage. A disproportionate number of crossover youth are African American. Empirical research on crossover youth is growing, but such scholarship rarely engages with a human rights and social justice perspective. African American children and youths have a distinct place within the history and current context of the child welfare and juvenile justice systems...
October 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953970/determinants-of-defaulting-from-completion-of-child-immunization-in-laelay-adiabo-district-tigray-region-northern-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#18
Hailay Gebretnsae Aregawi, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwot, Yamane Gebremariam Abebe, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, Alem Desta Wuneh
BACKGROUND: Globally 2.5 million children under five years of age die every year due to vaccine preventable diseases. In Tigray Region in Northern Ethiopia, full vaccination coverage in children is low. However, the determinants of defaulting from completion of immunization have not been studied in depth. This study aimed to identify the determinants of defaulting from child immunization completion among children aged 9-23 months in the Laelay Adiabo District, North Ethiopia. METHODS: An unmatched community based case-control study design was conducted among children aged 9-23 months in the Laelay Adiabo District from February-March 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945112/ethiopian-community-health-workers-beliefs-and-attitudes-towards-children-with-autism-impact-of-a-brief-training-intervention
#19
Dejene Tilahun, Abebaw Fekadu, Bethlehem Tekola, Mesfin Araya, Ilona Roth, Basiro Davey, Charlotte Hanlon, Rosa A Hoekstra
There is a severe shortage of services for children with autism in Ethiopia; access to services is further impeded by negative beliefs and stigmatising attitudes towards affected children and their families. To increase access to services, care provision is decentralised through task-shifted care by community health extension workers. This study aimed to examine the impact of a brief training (Health Education and Training; HEAT) for Ethiopian rural health extension workers and comprised three groups: (1) health extension workers who completed a basic mental health training module (HEAT group, N = 104); (2) health extension workers who received enhanced training, comprising basic HEAT as well as video-based training on developmental disorders and a mental health pocket guide (HEAT+ group, N = 97); and (3) health extension workers untrained in mental health (N = 108)...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942055/delivering-social-work-services-in-collaboration-with-the-legal-representation-for-individual-clients-an-effective-ethical-and-economical-approach-to-supporting-families-in-child-abuse-and-neglect-legal-proceedings
#20
Robbin Pott
This article discusses the need to improve the quality of helping relationships between families and social workers in the child protection system and the growing body of evidence that teams of social workers and lawyers are effective at improving outcomes in child protection legal proceedings. The author presents an alternative structure of delivering social work services within the child protection systems once a court gets involved with a family, proposing that social workers should focus on individual clients in collaboration with their legal representation, rather than the traditional model of a governmental agency social worker serving the family as a unit as it also determines placement of the children...
November 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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