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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781754/taking-a-snapshot-evaluation-of-a-conversation-aid-for-identifying-psychosocial-needs-in-young-adults-with-cancer
#1
Hanneke Poort, Phoebe M Souza, Paige K Malinowski, Katelyn M MacDougall, Constance M Barysauskas, Teresa Lau Greenberg, James A Tulsky, Karen M Fasciano
PURPOSE: Young adults (YAs) aged 18-35 years with cancer often experience unmet psychosocial needs. We aimed to evaluate a conversation aid ("Snapshot") that offered a framework for discussing YA-specific psychosocial concerns between patients and clinicians. METHODS: We developed and implemented Snapshot between 2014 and 2016 as part of a quality improvement initiative at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. We extracted pre- and postimplementation data from chart documentation of psychosocial concerns...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769056/report-on-an-international-workshop-on-kangaroo-mother-care-lessons-learned-and-a-vision-for-the-future
#2
Adriano Cattaneo, Adidja Amani, Nathalie Charpak, Socorro De Leon-Mendoza, Sarah Moxon, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Giorgio Tamburlini, Julieta Villegas, Anne-Marie Bergh
BACKGROUND: Globally, complications of prematurity are the leading cause of death in children under five. Preterm infants who survive their first month of life are at greater risk for various diseases and impairments in infancy, childhood and later life, representing a heavy social and economic burden for families, communities and health and social systems. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is recommended as a beneficial and effective intervention for improving short- and long-term preterm birth outcomes in low- and high-income settings...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760762/prevalence-of-postpartum-depression-and-interventions-utilized-for-its-management
#3
Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Amy Budu-Ainooson, Edmund Isaac Obeng, Adjei Gyimah Akwasi
Introduction: Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that affects approximately 10-15% of adult mothers yearly. This study sought to determine the prevalence of postpartum depression and interventions utilized for its management in a Health facility in Ghana. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design using a quantitative approach was used for the study. The study population included mothers and healthcare workers. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 257 mothers, while a convenience sampling technique was used to select 56 health workers for the study...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752749/preliminary-evidence-that-androgen-signaling-is-correlated-with-men-s-everyday-language
#4
Jennifer S Mascaro, Kelly E Rentscher, Patrick D Hackett, Adriana Lori, Alana Darcher, James K Rilling, Matthias R Mehl
OBJECTIVES: Testosterone (T) has an integral, albeit complex, relationship with social behavior, especially in the domains of aggression and competition. However, examining this relationship in humans is challenging given the often covert and subtle nature of human aggression and status-seeking. The present study aimed to investigate whether T levels and genetic polymorphisms in the AR gene are associated with social behavior assessed via natural language use. METHODS: We used unobtrusive, behavioral, real-world ambulatory assessments of men in partnered heterosexual relationships to examine the relationship between plasma T levels, variation in the androgen receptor (AR) gene, and spontaneous, everyday language in three interpersonal contexts: with romantic partners, with co-workers, and with their children...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745621/chronic-non-cancer-pain-in-children-we-have-a-problem-but-also-solutions
#5
Eduardo Vega, Yves Beaulieu, Rachel Gauvin, Catherine Ferland, Stephanie Stabile, Rebecca Pitt, Victor H Gonzalez Cardenas, Pablo Ingelmo
Chronic non-cancer pain in children and adolescents has been described as "a modern public health disaster" that has generated significant medical and economic burdens within society. Seen as a disease in its own right, chronic pain has short and long-term consequences that impact not only the patient´s health but also that of friends and families, due to significant parenting stress and disruptions in family life and structure. The evidence supporting pharmacological treatments and interventional procedures is limited, and no single strategy has been shown to be completely effective in children with chronic non-cancer pain...
May 9, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741232/understanding-pediatric-caretakers-views-on-obtaining-medical-care-for-low-acuity-illness
#6
Whitney V Cabey, Judy A Shea, Shreya Kangovi, Danielle Kennedy, Chiamaka Onwuzulike, Joel Fein
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of low acuity emergency department (ED) visits are by patients under 18 years of age. Results from prior interventions designed to reduce low acuity pediatric ED use have been mixed or poorly sustained, perhaps because they were not informed by patient and caretakers' perspectives. The objective of this study was to explore caretaker decision-making processes, values and priorities when deciding to seek care. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews of caretakers in both emergency and primary care settings, incorporating stimulated recall methodology...
May 9, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720168/challenges-for-health-care-providers-parents-and-patients-who-face-a-child-hood-cancer-diagnosis-in-zambia
#7
Mulima Walubita, Bornwell Sikateyo, Joseph M Zulu
BACKGROUND: Zambia is experiencing high prevalence of childhood cancer. However, very few children access and complete treatment for cancer. This study aimed to document the challenges for health care providers, parents and patients who face a child hood cancer diagnosis in Zambia, and their coping strategies. METHODS: This was an exploratory health facility-based qualitative study that was conducted at a Paediatric oncology ward at referral hospital in Zambia. In-depth individual interviews conducted with fifteen (15) caregivers and seven (7) key informants were analysed using thematic analysis...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716826/making-the-hidden-seen-a-narrative-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-assumption-of-care-at-birth
#8
Christine A Marsh, Jenny Browne, Jan Taylor, Deborah Davis
BACKGROUND: Being involved in any child protection system is complex and multifaceted and none more so than in non-voluntary Assumption of Care which occurs in New South Wales when, for child protection concerns, the Department of Family and Community Services removes a newborn baby from her/his mother. OBJECTIVE: This research studied childbearing women's and professionals' experiences of Assumption of Care at birth to increase understanding of individual participants' stories, how they made sense of meanings and how these experiences framed their lives...
April 28, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712552/are-one-stop-centres-an-appropriate-model-to-deliver-services-to-sexually-abused-children-in-urban-malawi
#9
Yabwile Mulambia, Aaron J Miller, Geraldine MacDonald, Neil Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The Republic of Malawi is creating a country-wide system of 28 One-Stop Centres (known as 'Chikwanekwanes' - 'everything under one roof') to provide medical, legal and psychosocial services for survivors of child maltreatment and adult intimate partner violence. No formal evaluation of the utility of such services has ever been undertaken. This study focused on the experiences of the families served at the country's first Chikwanekwane in the large, urban city of Blantyre...
April 30, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701823/latino-immigrant-family-socialization-scale-development-and-validation-of-a-multidimensional-ethnic-racial-socialization-measurement
#10
Cecilia Ayón
The study describes multiple steps taken to develop and test the Latino Immigrant Family Socialization (LIFS) scale. Scale items were developed based on qualitative interviews, and feedback on the items was solicited from content experts including an academic, practitioner, and a group of promotoras (or lay health workers). The scale was completed by 300 Latino immigrant parents in the state of Arizona. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis confirmed a six-factor model. The six factors ware cultural socialization, adapt, advocate, value diversity, promote mistrust, and educate about nativity and documentation...
April 26, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700668/work-engagement-burnout-and-personal-accomplishments-among-social-workers-a-comparison-between-those-working-in-children-and-adults-services-in-england
#11
Shereen Hussein
Social workers (SWs) provide emotional and practical support to vulnerable service users who are likely to suffer from emotional trauma and mental health conditions. Stress and burnout levels are reported to be high among SWs, however, little is known about their relationships with different characteristics. The current article utilises unique and large dataset (n = 3786) on SWs working in adults and children's services to examine factors associated with burnout. Employing job-demand/resources model and structural equations modelling, we highlight the varying significant impact of work-engagement, administrative support and work experience as moderating factors to burnout across adult and children service specialism in this sample...
April 26, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686905/the-access-to-antenatal-and-postpartum-care-services-of-migrant-workers-in-the-greater-mekong-subregion-the-role-of-acculturative-stress-and-social-support
#12
Charamporn Holumyong, Kathleen Ford, Siriporn Sajjanand, Aphichat Chamratrithirong
The objective of this paper is to determine whether social support and acculturative stress were related to obtaining antenatal and postpartum care for pregnant female migrants, as well as access to health care for migrant children. The study utilized data of 987 migrant workers in Thailand who originated from hill tribes and mountain communities in Myanmar and Cambodia. Regression analysis showed that the language barrier, a crucial factor behind acculturative stress, adversely influenced access to maternal care...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678157/psycho-social-impact-of-stillbirths-on-women-and-their-families-in-tamil-nadu-india-a-qualitative-study
#13
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran, Sudharshini Subramaniam, Maria Jusler Kalsingh
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth has serious psycho-social consequences on the parents and on the family. The psychological impact of stillbirth is strongly influenced by the social and cultural context. There is very scarce information on this from the Indian context. This qualitative study was conducted to understand the psycho-social impact, aggravating factors, coping styles and health system response to stillbirths. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted using in-depth interviews with mothers who experienced stillbirth in the past 1 year and their families...
April 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677412/gunderkids-design-of-a-clinical-care-management-program-for-parents-with-substance-abuse-and-their-newborn-children-with-a-focus-on-preventing-child-abuse
#14
Ann E Budzak-Garza, Allison L Allmon Dixson, Renee A Holzer, Kaitlin E Lillard-Pierce, Carolynn J Devine
BACKGROUND: In response to an increased need to care for babies born to mothers with substance abuse issues, we developed GunderKids, a care management program that provides integrated medical care beyond standard-of-care, well-child appointments for these socially complex families. METHODS: The program incorporates frequent visits to the pediatrician and the care team, which includes pediatric nurses, a pediatric social worker, and a child psychologist. Enrollment is voluntary...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670482/evaluation-of-the-immunization-program-in-the-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-possible-modalities-for-improvement
#15
Fuad Husic, Zaim Jatic, Anes Joguncic, Lutvo Sporisevic
Introduction: Immunization is a lifelong preventive activity that helps prevent/reduce disease, prevent/ reduce mortality and prevent disability from specific infectious diseases. Material and Methods: Authors of this paper researched the WHO extended program of mandatory immunization of children from birth to the age of 18 years and analyzed how it has been implemented in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H), because the guidelines of the specialist physician societies on immunization of adults, elderly people and risk groups of the population are missing...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667506/working-with-children-with-autism-and-their-families-pediatric-hospital-social-worker-perceptions-of-family-needs-and-the-role-of-social-work
#16
Rae Morris, Barbara Muskat, Andrea Greenblatt
Social workers with knowledge of autism can be valuable contributors to client- and family-centered healthcare services. This study utilized a qualitative design to explore pediatric hospital social workers' experiences and perceptions when working with children and youth with autism and their families. Interviews with 14 social workers in a Canadian urban pediatric hospital highlighted perceptions of the needs of families of children with autism in the hospital and challenges and benefits related to the role of social work with these families...
April 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665952/community-engagement-for-paediatric-mdr-tb-clinical-trials-principles-to-support-ethical-trial-implementation
#17
G Hoddinott, S Staples, R Brown, M Simwinga, C Mubekapi-Musadaidzwa, A C Hesseling, G Hendricks, P De Koker, L McKenna
The paediatric tuberculosis (TB) prevention and treatment landscape is moving into a new and exciting era, with knowledge from clinical trials offering real benefit to children. Community engagement is key to optimising the success of these trials. However, the clinical profile, epidemiology and social perceptions for paediatric multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) complicate the operationalisation of this community engagement. We reflect on a diversity of recent experiences attempting to implement this type of research and the community engagement around it...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644807/factors-influencing-the-uptake-of-a-mass-media-intervention-to-improve-child-feeding-in-bangladesh
#18
Sunny S Kim, Terry Roopnaraine, Phuong H Nguyen, Kuntal K Saha, Mahbubul I Bhuiyan, Purnima Menon
Mass media are increasingly used to deliver health messages to promote social and behaviour change, but there has been little evidence of mass media use for improving a set of child feeding practices, other than campaigns to promote breastfeeding. This study aimed to examine the factors influencing the uptake of infant and young child feeding messages promoted in TV spots that were launched and aired nationwide in Bangladesh. We conducted a mixed-methods study, using household surveys (n = 2,000) and semistructured interviews (n = 251) with mothers of children 0-23...
April 11, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642656/socio-economic-disparities-and-difficulties-to-access-to-healthcare-services-among-canadian-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-disabilities
#19
Sana Raouafi, Sofiane Achiche, Maxime Raison
Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the association between levels of severity of nurodevelopmental disorders and disabilities (NDD/D) in children, their household socio-economic status (SES), and the frequency of visits to a healthcare provider; and (2) to examine how the severity of disability differs with these determinants among NDD/D subgroups, to make a social policy change and improve access to health care system. Methods: The data from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) on children (5-14y), collected by Statistics Canada, was analyzed (n= 7,072 and weighted n = 340,340)...
March 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611433/a-real-world-community-health-worker-care-coordination-model-for-high-risk-children
#20
Molly A Martin, Kenita Perry-Bell, Mark Minier, Anne Elizabeth Glassgow, Benjamin W Van Voorhees
Health care systems across the United States are considering community health worker (CHW) services for high-risk patients, despite limited data on how to build and sustain effective CHW programs. We describe the process of providing CHW services to 5,289 at-risk patients within a state-run health system. The program includes 30 CHWs, six care coordinators, the Director of Care Coordination, the Medical Director, a registered nurse, mental health specialists, and legal specialists. CHWs are organized into geographic and specialized teams...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
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