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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436053/measuring-family-centred-practices-of-professionals-in-early-intervention-services-in-taiwan
#1
L-J Kang, R J Palisano, R J Simeonsson, A-W Hwang
BACKGROUND: Family-centred practices emphasize professional supports for forming partnerships with families in early intervention. The Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers (MPOC-SP) measures the perceptions of paediatric service providers in supporting children and families. This study aimed to establish reliability of the Chinese version of the MPOC-SP (C-MPOC-SP) and to examine professional perceptions of family-centred practices in relation to professional discipline and years of experience...
April 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#2
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398695/social-disadvantage-and-developmental-diagnosis-in-pre-schoolers
#3
Norma Kayrouz, Susan L Milne, Jenny L McDonald
AIM: To explore the association between social disadvantage and developmental diagnoses in pre-school children. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 845 pre-school children were assessed by the Child Assessment Team at Campbelltown Hospital. A social worker interviewed 469 families and these children were eligible for inclusion in the study. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was confirmed in 290 children. Of those without ASD, 72 did not have global developmental delay (GDD) and were excluded from the study...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398174/the-experiences-of-pediatric-social-workers-providing-end-of-life-care
#4
Barbara Muskat, David Brownstone, Andrea Greenblatt
Pediatric social workers working in acute care hospital settings may care for children and their families in end-of-life circumstances. This qualitative study is part of a larger study focusing on the experiences of health care providers working with dying children. This study consisted of 9 semi-structured interviews of acute care pediatric social workers who work with dying children and their families. Themes included the role of social work with dying children, the impact of their work and coping strategies...
April 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397395/the-role-of-formal-support-in-the-lives-of-children-of-mothers-with-intellectual-disability
#5
Susan Collings, Rebekah Grace, Gwynnyth Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: Mothers with intellectual disability face socioeconomic disadvantage and social isolation, which is associated with poorer child outcomes. Social services feature prominently in the lives of mothers with intellectual disability especially those without informal support; however, the role of formal support in the lives of their children has not been explored. METHODS: Seven children aged 7-11 years took part in semi-structured interviews to explore their social experiences...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395076/in-home-smoking-in-households-with-women-of-reproductive-age-in-nepal-does-women-s-empowerment-matter
#6
Shanta Pandey, Vithya Murugan, Yagya B Karki, Amit Mathur
Authors examined the prevalence and predictors of in-home smoking in households with women of reproductive age. They analyzed data from 9,837 ever married women from 2011 Nepal Demographic Health Survey. About 17 percent of women and 66 percent of their husbands smoked and 58 percent of the women lived in homes that permitted in-home smoking. About 6 percent of the women were pregnant and 42 percent had given birth within the past five years. In-home tobacco use was equally prevalent in homes with and without young children and irrespective of women's pregnancy status...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395045/the-school-to-prison-pipeline-a-primer-for-social-workers
#7
Susan McCarter
The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) refers to a path from the education system to the juvenile or adult criminal justice system. Over the past two decades, this path has grown significantly, and scholars attribute a myriad of contributing factors to this increase. Each factor has its own impact and consequences, which are covered in detail based on an extensive literature review and macro practice through Race Matters for Juvenile Justice. Prior to the STPP concept, education had largely been considered a protective factor for children and a route to success as opposed to a risk factor or track toward juvenile justice involvement...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393646/-start-development-of-an-intervention-for-a-first-stabilization-and-arousal-modulation-for-highly-stressed-minor-refugees
#8
Andrea Dixius, Eva Möhler
START - Development of an Intervention for a First Stabilization and Arousal-modulation for Highly Stressed Minor Refugees This article focuses on the development of an intervention called "Stress-Traumasymptoms- Arousal-Regulation-Treatment" (START), through the process of working with refugeed minors in acute stress during the clearing process immediately on arrival in Germany. START is a short manualized structured intervention for crisis intervention and stabiliziation of children and adolescents suffering from intense stress and acute tension or desperation...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392674/interventions-to-improve-the-response-of-professionals-to-children-exposed-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-a-systematic-review
#9
William Turner, Marianne Hester, Jonathan Broad, Eszter Szilassy, Gene Feder, Jessica Drinkwater, Adam Firth, Nicky Stanley
Exposure of children to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a form of child maltreatment with short- and long-term behavioural and mental health impact. Health care professionals are generally uncertain about how to respond to domestic violence and are particularly unclear about best practice with regards to children's exposure and their role in a multiagency response. In this systematic review, we report educational and structural or whole-system interventions that aim to improve professionals' understanding of, and response to, DVA survivors and their children...
January 2017: Child Abuse Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367326/-culture-is-so-interspersed-child-minders-and-health-workers-perceptions-of-childhood-obesity-in-south-africa
#10
Roger Figueroa, Jaclyn Saltzman, Jessica Jarick Metcalfe, Angela Wiley
Introduction. Forty-one million children globally are overweight or obese, with most rapid rate increases among low- and middle-income nations. Child-minders and health workers play a crucial role in obesity prevention efforts, but their perceptions of childhood obesity in low- and middle-income countries are poorly understood. This study aims to (1) explore child-minders and health workers' perceptions of the causes, consequences, potential strategies, and barriers for childhood obesity prevention and intervention in Cape Town, South Africa and (2) to provisionally test the fit of a socioecological framework to explain these perceptions...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366780/design-of-a-pragmatic-trial-in-minority-children-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-uncontrolled-asthma-the-chicago-plan
#11
Jerry A Krishnan, Molly A Martin, Cortland Lohff, Giselle S Mosnaim, Helen Margellos-Anast, Julie A DeLisa, Kate McMahon, Kim Erwin, Leslie S Zun, Michael L Berbaum, Michael McDermott, Nina E Bracken, Rajesh Kumar, S Margaret Paik, Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Stacy Ignoffo, Valerie G Press, Zachary E Pittsenbarger, Trevonne M Thompson
Among children with asthma, black children are two to four times as likely to have an emergency department (ED) visit and die from asthma, respectively, compared to white children in the United States. Despite the availability of evidence-based asthma management guidelines, minority children are less likely than white children to receive or use effective options for asthma care. The CHICAGO Plan is a three-arm multi-center randomized pragmatic trial of children 5 to 11years old presenting to the ED with uncontrolled asthma that compares: [1] an ED-focused intervention to improve the quality of care on discharge to home, [2] the same ED-focused intervention together with a home-based community health worker (CHW)-led intervention, and [3] enhanced usual care...
March 31, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347183/the-role-of-perceived-social-support-after-psychiatric-hospitalisation-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-transitional-intervention
#12
Michael P Hengartner, Silvia Passalacqua, Andreas Andreae, Wulf Rössler, Agnes von Wyl
BACKGROUND: The association between social support, readmissions and psychopathology following discharge from psychiatric hospitals is not clear. AIMS: To examine the prospective effects of perceived social support on rehospitalisation rates and psychopathology and to focus on the moderators of a transitional intervention. METHOD: This post hoc analysis of a multisite randomised controlled trial included 151 patients with no more than three hospitalisations within the last 3 years, a Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score ≤60 and aged 18-64 years, assessed at two psychiatric hospitals from Zurich, Switzerland, between September 2011 and February 2014...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331353/undernutrition-and-associated-factors-among-24-36-month-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#13
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Dagninet Derebe Abie
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess undernutrition and associated factors among 24-36-month-old children in the slum areas of Bahir Dar city. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 480 children from May 1 to 26, 2015. The simple random sampling technique was used to select respondents. Data were collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20 was used for analysis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295454/home-and-the-social-worlds-beyond-exploring-influences-in-the-lives-of-children-of-mothers-with-intellectual-disability
#14
S Collings, G Llewellyn, R Grace
BACKGROUND: Mothers with intellectual disability are likely to raise their children in socially disadvantaged circumstances, and many face social isolation; however, the impact of a potentially restricted home context on children's social worlds has not been examined. This study was conducted to explore influences in the social worlds of children of mothers with intellectual disability from a child's perspective. METHODS: Seven children aged 7 to 11 years took part in at least two semi-structured interviews over a year...
March 10, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287850/five-challenges-to-ethical-communication-for-interprofessional-paediatric-practice-a-social-work-perspective
#15
Clare Delany, Angela Richards, Helen Stewart, Lauren Kosta
In paediatric clinical care, what is said to a parent or carer as well as when, where, and how it is said, directly advances or diminishes parents' capacities to understand available options and to contribute to decisions about treatment for their child. This makes interprofessional and patient communication an ethical endeavour. Social workers are uniquely situated to observe, participate in, and provide an active link in the communication between families and other health team members. This article reports phenomenological research exploring ethical issues encountered by social workers in their everyday practice communicating with families and other health professionals in a paediatric hospital context in Australia...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286815/potential-child-abuse-screening-in-emergency-department-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#16
Hossein Dinpanah, Abazar Akbarzadeh Pasha
INTRODUCTION: Designing a tool that can differentiate those at risk of child abuse with great diagnostic accuracy is of great interest. The present study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Escape instrument in triage of at risk cases of child abuse presenting to emergency department (ED). METHOD: The present diagnostic accuracy study performed on 6120 of the children under 16 years old presented to ED during 3 years, using convenience sampling. Confirmation by the child abuse team (pediatrician, a social worker, and a forensic physician) was considered as the gold standard...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282594/systemic-barriers-to-effective-utilization-of-decision-making-tools-in-child-protection-practice
#17
Ravit Alfandari
This qualitative research was designed to evaluate the extent to which a national reform in Israeli child protection decision making committees was achieving its aim to strengthen professional judgment through introducing a new standard tools package into practice. Twenty-one case studies of families referred to the committee were investigated and followed up after six months. Data were collected through interviews with social workers, field observations of the committees' discussions and document review. Using a systems approach as a conceptual framework, everyday practice was studied within its organizational context...
March 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274261/a-qualitative-exploration-of-care-seeking-pathways-for-sick-children-in-the-rural-oromia-region-of-ethiopia
#18
Bryan Shaw, Agbessi Amouzou, Nathan P Miller, Jennifer Bryce, Pamela J Surkan
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has experienced rapid improvements in its healthcare infrastructure, such as through the recent scale up of integrated community case management (iCCM) delivered by community-based health extension workers (HEWs) targeting children under the age of five. Despite notable improvements in child outcomes, the use of HEWs delivering iCCM remains very low. The aim of our study was to explain this phenomenon by examining care-seeking practices and treatment for sick children in two rural districts in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia...
March 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271966/a-national-survey-of-attitudes-toward-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-women-in-kazakhstan-kyrgyzstan-and-tajikistan-implications-for-health-prevention-and-intervention
#19
Manisha Joshi, Saltanat Childress
Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) can affect the prevalence of IPV, response of victims' to IPV (e.g., whether to seek help), and the response of professionals (e.g., police, social workers, health care professionals) to IPV. Knowledge about IPV-related attitudes is essential for developing effective social work and violence-related programs. Using data from the 2005-2006 Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, this study examines attitudes toward IPV and socio-demographic predictors of these attitudes among married women in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198945/rehabilitation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele-the-daily-life-of-mothers-caregiversrehabilitation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele-the-daily-life-of-mothers-caregivers
#20
Giselle Lima de Freitas, Roseni Rosângela de Sena, Josana Cristina Faleiros E Silva, Fabiana Faleiros Santana Castro
Objective: To analyze the daily routine of mothers-caregivers of children and adolescents with myelomeningocele at home. Method: Descriptive, exploratory, qualitative research. Data were collected with 16 mothers of children and adolescents with myelomeningocele by means of interviews and observation from May to August 2015, in municipalities of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The data were submitted to qualitative analysis. Results: The daily care routine of the mothers at home revealed two empirical categories: a) the impact of the birth on naturalization of care, and (b) changes in the routine of the mothers and women...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
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