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Social worker and older adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608779/interdisciplinary-home-visits-for-individuals-with-advanced-parkinson-s-disease-and-related-disorders
#1
Jori Fleisher, William Barbosa, Meghan M Sweeney, Sarah E Oyler, Amy C Lemen, Arash Fazl, Mia Ko, Talia Meisel, Naomi Friede, Geraldine Dacpano, Rebecca M Gilbert, Alessandro Di Rocco, Joshua Chodosh
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex, multisymptom, neurodegenerative disease affecting primarily older adults. With progression, many individuals become homebound and removed from coordinated, expert care, resulting in excess morbidity, mortality, and healthcare expenditures in acute care settings and institutions. Home visit care models have achieved the triple aim of improving individual and population health while reducing costs in many frail, community-dwelling geriatric cohorts. This study details a novel, interdisciplinary home visit program specifically designed for individuals with PD and related disorders and their family caregivers built upon best practice principles in the care of multimorbid older adults...
April 2, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544552/socio-economic-and-demographic-factors-associated-with-snacking-behavior-in-a-large-sample-of-french-adults
#2
Wendy Si Hassen, Katia Castetbon, Sandrine Péneau, Christine Tichit, Anouar Nechba, Aurélie Lampuré, France Bellisle, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean
BACKGROUND: Few studies have specifically focused on demographic and socio-economic characteristics associated with snacking in adults, whereas their identification could be useful for defining effective public health measures. The aim of our study was to assess the associations of these factors with daily snacking behavior and its dietary quality. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 84,692 women and 23,491 men from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Occurrence of snacking, energy intake from snacks, snack nutrient, and energy densities were assessed using 24-h dietary records of weekdays at baseline...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543858/reaching-young-women-who-sell-sex-methods-and-results-of-social-mapping-to-describe-and-identify-young-women-for-dreams-impact-evaluation-in-zimbabwe
#3
Tarisai Chiyaka, Phillis Mushati, Bernadette Hensen, Sungai Chabata, James R Hargreaves, Sian Floyd, Isolde J Birdthistle, Frances M Cowan, Joanna R Busza
Young women (aged 15-24) who exchange sex for money or other support are among the highest risk groups for HIV acquisition, particularly in high prevalence settings. To prepare for introduction and evaluation of the DREAMS programme in Zimbabwe, which provides biomedical and social interventions to reduce adolescent girls' and young women's HIV vulnerability, we conducted a rapid needs assessment in 6 towns using a "social mapping" approach. In each site, we talked to adult sex workers and other key informants to identify locations where young women sell sex, followed by direct observation, group discussions and interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416872/feasibility-of-using-risk-prompts-to-prevent-falls-dehydration-and-pulmonary-aspiration-in-nursing-homes-a-clinical-study-protocol
#4
Márcia Duarte, Raquel Bouça-Machado, Josefa Domingos, Catarina Godinho, Joaquim J Ferreira
Background: Evidence has shown a relationship between dehydration, falls, and pulmonary aspiration among older adults in nursing homes, all of which contribute to loss of independence and quality of life. It is believed that improving communication among healthcare professionals in nursing homes (physicians, nurses, rehabilitation team, psychologist, social workers, dieticians and medical assistants) decreases the number of adverse events in institutionalized patients. This study will evaluate the feasibility of using a set of written signs, designed to caution against the risk of falls, dehydration, and pulmonary aspiration, and will enable the proposal of tailored interventions to manage these events in nursing homes...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386170/a-social-media-based-acute-alcohol-consumption-behavior-neknomination-case-series-in-italian-emergency-departments
#5
Stefania Barbieri, Paolo Feltracco, Vittorio Lucchetta, Rosa Maria Gaudio, Alberto Tredese, Mauro Bergamini, Gianna Vettore, Vincenzo Pietrantonio, Francesco Maria Avato, Daniele Donato, Deris Gianni Boemo, Maria Vittoria Nesoti, Rossella Snenghi
BACKGROUND: NekNomination, also known as NekNominate, Neck and Nominate, or Neck Nomination, is a social network-based drinking game which is thought to have originated in Australia and spread all over the world between 2013 and 2014. Individuals record videos of themselves while rapidly drinking excessive quantities of alcoholic drinks (necking) and then nominate friends to outdo them within 24 hours; the videos are then posted on social media such as Facebook or YouTube. The consequences of this drinking game have been very dangerous; at least 5 people under age 30 years have died after drinking deadly cocktails, and many others have suffered from alcohol intoxication...
January 31, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381118/social-workers-can-help-older-adults-prepare-for-and-respond-to-natural-and-man-made-emergencies
#6
Haley B Gallo, Bijan Karimi, Maya Abdulridha, Jessica L Howard, Hanna Kiani, Japheth R Maico, Mackensie V Peace, Breana S Sicley, Jonathan Yoo, Kathleen Wilber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349670/working-longer-than-9-to-5-are-there-cardiometabolic-health-risks-for-young-australian-workers-who-report-longer-than-38-h-working-weeks
#7
Amy C Reynolds, Romola S Bucks, Jessica L Paterson, Sally A Ferguson, Trevor A Mori, Nigel McArdle, Leon Straker, Lawrence J Beilin, Peter R Eastwood
PURPOSE: The average Australian working week in middle-aged and older workers exceeds government recommendations. Long working weeks are associated with poor health outcomes; however, the relationship between long working weeks and health in young Australian workers is unknown. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 22-year follow-up of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study in Perth, Western Australia. Information was available from 873 young adults about working hours per week, shift work and sleep duration...
January 18, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336168/dementia-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-a-systematic-review
#8
Sara Mahmoud Yaghmour, Ruth Bartlett, Tula Brannelly
Globally, there is an increase in the older population, whose lives are affected by local cultural norms. In Eastern Mediterranean countries, dementia is conventionally hidden from view with few dedicated services or recognition for diagnosis. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the limited literature on dementia and cognitive impairment among older people in Eastern Mediterranean countries to present an evaluation of current practices and to consolidate knowledge for future planning. Thirty-three studies were identified for inclusion in the review, and four themes were apparent...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324089/development-and-content-validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-moral-distress-among-social-workers-in-long-term-care-facilities
#9
Sagit Lev, Liat Ayalon
OBJECTIVE: Despite the significance of ethical issues faced by social workers, research on moral distress among social workers has been extremely limited. The aim of the current study is to describe the development and content validation of a unique questionnaire to measure moral distress among social workers in long-term care facilities for older adults in Israel. METHODS: The construction of the questionnaire was based on a secondary analysis of a qualitative study that addressed the moral dilemma of social workers in nursing homes in Israel...
March 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261248/investigating-the-impact-of-intervention-refusal-on-hospital-readmission
#10
Alexis Coulourides Kogan, Eileen Koons, Susan Enguidanos
OBJECTIVES: To identify characteristics and readmission risks associated with opting out of a social work-driven transition intervention. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of a randomized controlled pilot study at a large nonprofit urban community hospital. METHODS: Hospitalized English-speaking, cognitively intact adults 65 years or older with expected discharge back to the community were eligible for enrollment. Additionally, patients met at least 1 of the 3 criteria: 1) 75 years or older, 2) taking 5 or more medications, or 3) had 1 or more prior inpatient stays or emergency department visits in the previous 6 months...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228293/providing-mental-health-care-for-the-complex-older-veteran-implications-for-social-work-practice
#11
Gayle Clark, Susan Rouse, Heather Spangler, Jennifer Moye
Mental health conditions are underdiagnosed and undertreated in older veterans, as with all older adults. Social workers bring an important perspective to the interdisciplinary team for the care of older veterans with mental health conditions. In this study authors assessed 50 older veterans referred for mental health treatment (mean age = 74.52 years, SD = 6.48) with standardized measures of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and cognitive impairment. At initial assessment, 24 percent had moderate depression, 30 percent had PTSD, and 62 percent (n = 31) had (mostly mild) cognitive impairment based on cut scores...
February 1, 2018: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#12
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181768/identification-and-feasibility-of-social-participation-initiatives-reducing-isolation-and-involving-rural-older-canadians-in-the-development-of-their-community
#13
Annie-Pier Clément, Dusica Djilas, Tanya Vinet, Ariane Aubin, Karine Demers, Mélanie Levasseur
BACKGROUND: Although some social participation initiatives exist to counter the isolation of older adults, none were identified and prioritized according to the needs of rural regional county municipalities (RCM), including in Canada. AIMS: To identify and prioritize social participation initiatives for older Canadians, and to document the feasibility of their implementation in a rural RCM. METHODS: An action research was used to identify, based on a review of scientific and grey literature, social participation initiatives, enriched and prioritized by the community...
November 27, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050508/-doing-with-%C3%A2-rather-than-doing-for-%C3%A2-older-adults-rationale-and-content-of-the-stay-active-at-home-programme
#14
Silke F Metzelthin, Gertrud Ar Zijlstra, Erik van Rossum, Janneke M de Man-van Ginkel, Barbara Resnick, Gill Lewin, Matthew Parsons, Gertrudis Ijm Kempen
BACKGROUND: Owing to increasing age, accidents or periods of illness, home care services are provided to community-dwelling older adults. Traditionally, these services focus on doing things for older adults rather than with them; though from a rehabilitative perspective, it is important to assist older adults to attain and maintain their highest level of functioning. Consequently, a re-orientation of home care services is required away from treating disease and creating dependency towards focusing on capabilities and opportunities and maximising independence...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961077/boomer-matters-responding-to-emotional-health-needs-in-an-aging-society
#15
Deborah O'Connor, Elizabeth Kelson
This study explores baby boomer-aged adults' experiences accessing an emotional health program (EHP) in a community-based seniors' center, examining differences between it and an older cohort of users. Data generation includes client-based surveys (n=118), in-depth qualitative interviews (n=20) with client users and professionally-trained counselors (n=2), and a focus group with peer support service worker (n=14). Key findings suggest EHPs as a preventative strategy to address familial abuse, the need for education and support on sexual health and dating, and the need to combat ageism to improve access...
January 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954394/economic-activity-and-health-conditions-in-adults-aged-65-years-and-older-findings-of-the-korean-national-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#16
Chae-Bong Kim, Seok-Jun Yoon, Jesuk Ko
The population is aging because lifespans have continued to increase due to developments in modern medical science. The economic activity and health of the elderly are very important factors with reference to the problems of the aged. This cross-sectional study examined the association between the economic activity and health of the elderly. Subjects included 4226 elderly aged over 65 years among the adults who participated in the Fifth Korean National Longitudinal Study on Aging (KLoSA). Basic analysis, cross-analysis, binary logistic regression analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed to fulfill each research purpose...
September 26, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889043/photovoicing-the-neighbourhood-understanding-the-situated-meaning-of-intangible-places-for-ageing-in-place
#17
Susan van Hees, Klasien Horstman, Maria Jansen, Dirk Ruwaard
Ageing-in-place is considered important for the health of older adults. In this paper, inspired by a constructivist approach to ageing-in-place, we unravel professionals' and older adults' constructions of ageing-in-place. Their perspectives are studied in relation to a policy that aims to develop so-called 'lifecycle-robust neighbourhoods' in the southern part of the Netherlands. We conducted a photovoice study in which 18 older adults (70-85 years) living independently and 14 professionals (social workers, housing consultants, neighbourhood managers and community workers) were asked to photograph and discuss the places they consider important for ageing-in-place...
September 7, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845728/perceptions-of-the-meaningfulness-of-work-among-older-social-purpose-workers-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#18
Christina Matz-Costa, Stephanie Cosner Berzin, Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes, Cal J Halvorsen
The ecological momentary assessment (EMA) method was used to examine the antecedents and correlates of older adults' in-the-moment perceptions of meaning at work. Data were collected six times per day for 7 days from 30 older adults who were mostly social entrepreneurs and who were engaged in purpose work (i.e., work that addresses a social problem or issue). We found concurrent effects of two types of affective states (i.e., relaxed and energetic) and generative work behaviors (i.e., sharing information about one's work and encouraging/inviting others into one's work) on three measures of perceptions of meaningful work (i...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828738/can-burt-s-theory-of-structural-holes-be-applied-to-study-social-support-among-mid-age-female-sex-workers-a-multi-site-egocentric-network-study-in-china
#19
Hongjie Liu
The epidemic of HIV/AIDS continues to spread among older adults and mid-age female sex workers (FSWs) over 35 years old. We used egocentric network data collected from three study sites in China to examine the applicability of Burt's Theory of Social Holes to study social support among mid-age FSWs. Using respondent-driven sampling, 1245 eligible mid-age FSWs were interviewed. Network structural holes were measured by network constraint and effective size. Three types of social networks were identified: family networks, workplace networks, and non-FSW networks...
December 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804393/ageism-among-physicians-nurses-and-social-workers-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#20
Aya Ben-Harush, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Israel Doron, Sara Alon, Arthur Leibovitz, Hava Golander, Yafa Haron, Liat Ayalon
This study investigated ageism among healthcare professionals in various therapeutic settings in Israel. Using a qualitative approach, the current study aimed to examine similarities and differences across healthcare disciplines. Three focus groups were conducted with physicians, nurses, and social workers. Data from each focus group were analyzed separately, and then commonalities and differences across the groups were evaluated. Three main themes relating to older adults emerged from the data. The first theme pertains to perceived difficulties that healthcare professionals experience in working with older adults and their family members; the second focuses on invisibility and discriminatory communication patterns; and the third theme relates to provision of inappropriate care to older adults...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
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