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Social worker and older adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544054/associations-between-prevalence-of-adult-atopic-dermatitis-and-occupational-characteristics
#1
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
AIM: To examine the prevalence of adult atopic dermatitis according to occupational status. BACKGROUND: While atopic dermatitis is more prevalent among children, some adults also suffer from it. The disease causes considerable difficulty in these adults' social lives at school or work, suggesting that they require high-quality health care. Given the chronic nature and environmental determinants of atopic dermatitis, its associations with occupational characteristics must be clarified...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498032/the-experiences-of-reciprocity-among-filipino-older-adults-in-canada-intergenerational-transnational-and-community-considerations
#2
Ilyan Ferrer, Shari Brotman, Amanda Grenier
This paper illustrates the concept of reciprocity in the context of immigrant families. It recommends that the definition of reciprocity be extended in order to take account of the complexity and diversity of care that is experienced in immigrant communities. The authors examine reciprocal exchanges beyond the immediate family, render visible the simultaneous location of older people as care recipients and providers, and account for care arrangements inclusive of generations, borders, community, and time. The findings presented in this paper emerged from a critical ethnographic study on the aging and care experiences of older Filipinos in Canada...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494207/psychological-vulnerability-and-gambling-in-later-life
#3
Cory B Dennis, Thomas D Davis, Janet Chang, Carolyn McAllister
OBJECTIVES: Because behavioral problems often emerge from maladaptive coping methods, we investigated whether unmet basic psychological needs evolve toward a level of psychological vulnerability that puts older adults who gamble at risk for becoming problem gamblers. METHODS: Data from a community sample of 379 adults ages 60 and above were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Participants responded to items regarding their demographics, gambling frequency, engagement in at-risk gambling behaviors, and the extent to which their basic psychological needs were met...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489491/risk-factors-for-symptoms-of-prescription-opioid-misuse-do-older-adults-differ-from-younger-adult-patients
#4
Gerald Cochran, Daniel Rosen, Rebecca M McCarthy, Rafael J Engel
Limited research is available regarding the health risks associated with opioid medication misuse among middle age (50-64 years) and older adults (65 and older). Understanding the misuse symptom risk profiles of these populations has potential to advance the national opioid epidemic response. A survey was conducted in four community pharmacies in southwestern Pennsylvania among adult, non-cancer patients filling opioid medications (N = 318) regarding opioid medication misuse symptoms and misuse risk factors...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426235/expressive-social-support-buffers-the-impact-of-care-related-work-interruptions-on-caregivers-depressive-symptoms
#5
Shannon Ang, Rahul Malhotra
OBJECTIVE: To assess if expressive and instrumental social support from family and friends moderate the association of care-related work interruptions (e.g. leaving work for the older adult's doctor appointment) with depressive symptoms among working family caregivers of older adults. METHODS: Data were from the Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (SSIC). A subsample of 662 dyads, each comprising an older care-recipient [home-dwelling Singaporean aged 75 and older receiving human assistance for at least one activity of daily living (ADL)] and his/her working family caregiver, was analysed...
April 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409711/silver-alerts-a-notification-system-for-communities-with-missing-adults
#6
Erika Gergerich, Lindsey Davis
As the U.S. population ages, the prevalence of dementia will grow and communities will face the problem of older adults wandering or becoming lost. Silver Alert systems are programs designed to locate missing older adults with dementia or other mental disabilities. Such programs have been initiated in all but five states. Data collection for these programs is often minimal or incomplete. Social workers should be involved in prevention, follow up and education with caregivers, community members and law enforcement officers...
April 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394961/-frailty-criteria-among-older-people-living-in-the-community-an-update
#7
Evelyn Iriarte, Alejandra-Ximena Araya
Frailty is an important concept in aging research and care. Awareness of frailty signs allows healthcare workers to identify older adults at risk and design interventions to prevent their functional decline, therefore preventing adverse health outcomes. This literature review allows to identify predictors of frailty considering its physical, psychological and social domains. From the evidence found, it is possible to formulate a profile of fragile older people. Finally, future research should focus on the description of psychological and social fragility profiles, on the detection of persons likely to be fragile and finally to define precise instruments to detect fragile people, which should become the gold standards in future research...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390227/the-effect-of-employment-transitions-on-physical-health-among-the-elderly-in-south-korea-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-korean-retirement-and-income-study
#8
Juyeon Lee, Myoung-Hee Kim
This study aims to answer three research questions: First, is the positive effect of retirement on physical health replicated in Korea? Second, is there any difference in health effects of employment transition according to employment status? Third, to what extent do monetary, non-monetary and work-related factors explain the effects of employment transitions on changes in physical health? The longitudinal panel data from five waves of the Korea Retirement and Income Study was used. We conducted (a) the pooled cross-sectional analysis, which used five-wave pooled data; and (b) the fixed-effects analyses to investigate how within-individual changes in employment status correspond to changes in subjective physical health among older adults aged 55 to 84...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380723/social-workers-attempts-to-navigate-among-the-elderly-their-families-and-foreign-home-care-workers-in-the-haredi-community
#9
Anat Freund, Tova Band-Winterstein
BACKGROUND: The study's aim is to examine social workers' experience in facilitating the integration of foreign home care workers (FHCWs) into the ultraorthodox Jewish (UOJ) community for the purpose of treating older adults. METHOD: Using the qualitative-phenomenological approach, semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 social workers in daily contact with UOJ older adult clients in the process of integrating FHCWs. RESULTS: Data analysis revealed three central themes-integrating FHCWs into the aging UOJ family: barriers and challenges in the interaction between the two worlds; "even the rabbi has a FHCW": changing trends in caring for older adults; and the social worker as mediator and facilitator of a successful relationship...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278218/predictors-of-and-reasons-for-attempts-to-reduce-alcohol-intake-a-population-survey-of-adults-in-england
#10
Emma Beard, Jamie Brown, Eileen Kaner, Robert West, Susan Michie
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the predictors among high-risk drinkers in England of attempts to reduce alcohol consumption, the reasons given for these attempts and the association between the various reasons and alcohol consumption. METHOD: Data came from 2,800 high-risk drinkers taking part in the Alcohol Toolkit Study (ATS) between March 2014 and November 2016 who were attempting to reduce their alcohol consumption. Participants completed the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and were asked questions regarding their socio-demographic characteristics, attempts to cut down and reasons for doing so...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184149/can-caring-create-prejudice-an-investigation-of-positive-and-negative-intergenerational-contact-in-care-settings-and-the-generalisation-of-blatant-and-subtle-age-prejudice-to-other-older-people
#11
Lisbeth Drury, Dominic Abrams, Hannah J Swift, Ruth A Lamont, Katarina Gerocova
Caring is a positive social act, but can it result in negative attitudes towards those cared for, and towards others from their wider social group? Based on intergroup contact theory, we tested whether care workers' (CWs) positive and negative contact with old-age care home residents (CHRs) predicts prejudiced attitudes towards that group, and whether this generalises to other older people. Fifty-six CWs were surveyed about their positive and negative contact with CHRs and their blatant and subtle attitudes (humanness attributions) towards CHRs and older adults...
January 2017: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167376/identifying-elder-abuse-neglect-among-family-caregiving-dyads-a-cross-sectional-study-of-psychometric-properties-of-the-qualcare-scale
#12
Carolyn E Z Pickering, Kimberly Ridenour, Zachary Salaysay, David Reyes-Gastelum, Steven J Pierce
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Universal screening for elder abuse and neglect is a current controversy in geriatrics, fueled by the lack of evidence on valid and reliable instruments. Since each U.S. State and many other countries have their own legal definitions of what constitutes elder abuse and neglect, this further complicates instrument development and clinical assessment. The purpose of this paper is to present data on the sensitivity and specificity of the QualCare Scale, an instrument with utility in detecting clinically significant elder abuse and neglect among older adults receiving care at home...
April 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115837/effects-of-tai-chi-qigong-on-psychosocial-well-being-among-hidden-elderly-using-elderly-neighborhood-volunteer-approach-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Aileen Wk Chan, Doris Sf Yu, K C Choi
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a tai chi qigong program with the assistance of elderly neighborhood volunteers in strengthening social networks and enhancing the psychosocial well-being of hidden elderly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: "Hidden elderly" is a term used to describe older adults who are socially isolated and refuse social participation. This pilot randomized controlled trial recruited 48 older adults aged 60 or above who did not engage in any social activity...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089520/the-association-between-family-caregivers-involvement-in-managing-older-adults-medications-and-caregivers-information-seeking-behavior
#14
Marwa Noureldin, Matthew M Murawski, Holly L Mason, Gerald C Hyner, Kimberly S Plake
OBJECTIVES: 1) To explore the association between family caregivers' involvement in managing care recipients' medications and their information-seeking behavior related to caregiving; and 2) to examine the sources used by caregivers when seeking information. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from 2 national studies, the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) and its supplement, the National Study of Caregiving (NSOC), was conducted...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051931/older-adults-in-the-involuntary-treatment-system
#15
Brook Buettner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032896/extension-for-community-healthcare-outcomes-care-transitions-enhancing-geriatric-care-transitions-through-a-multidisciplinary-videoconference
#16
Grace Farris, Mousumi Sircar, Jonathan Bortinger, Amber Moore, J Elyse Krupp, John Marshall, Alan Abrams, Lewis Lipsitz, Melissa Mattison
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether a novel videoconference that connects an interdisciplinary hospital-based team with clinicians at postacute care sites improves interprofessional communication and reduces medication errors. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: One tertiary care medical center and eight postacute care sites. PARTICIPANTS: Hospital-based providers (hospitalists, geriatricians, pharmacists, social workers, medical trainees, and subspecialists) and postacute care clinicians...
December 29, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010724/social-workers-uniquely-positioned-to-create-and-support-health-care-systems-for-older-adults-with-complex-chronic-conditions
#17
Joan K Davitt, Rajean P Moone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997313/they-survived-we-can-help-them-thrive-older-adult-refugees-in-the-united-states
#18
Mitra Ahmadinejad-Naseh, Shanna L Burke
As of November 2016, the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) classified nine ongoing conflicts as limited, eleven as significant, and six as critical in terms of their impact on the United States' interests. The CFR evaluated all of these conflicts as worsening or remaining unchanged. During the past few years, several conflicts have started, but few have been resolved. Ongoing conflicts and fear of persecution resulted in the forced displacement of millions of individuals in recent years. The population of forcibly displaced individuals rose to 65...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968836/effects-of-a-peer-assisted-tai-chi-qigong-programme-on-social-isolation-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-chinese-hidden-elders-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Aileen W K Chan, Doris S F Yu, K C Choi, Helen Y L Chan, Eliza M L Wong
BACKGROUND: The term hidden elder is used in Chinese society to describe older adults who are socially isolated and refuse social participation. Substantial evidence has indicated the important role of social isolation in increasing psychiatric morbidity and mortality risks in later life. Innovative service is promptly needed to address the social and psychological health needs of hidden elders. We aimed to test the feasibility and the preliminary effectiveness of a peer-assisted tai-chi-qigong programme in strengthening social networks and enhancing psychosocial wellbeing of Chinese hidden elders...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920283/what-can-we-do-for-people-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy-the-2016-wartenberg-lecture
#20
Jerome Engel
Treatment goals for epilepsy are no seizures, no side effects, as soon as possible, but these goals are too often unmet. Approximately 1 million people in the United States continue to have seizures despite adequate treatment with antiseizure drugs, representing 40% of those with epilepsy, and 80% of the cost of epilepsy. Drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) can be associated with developmental delay in infants and young children, and severe disability and morbidity in older children and adults, as well as a mortality rate 5-10 times that of the general population...
December 6, 2016: Neurology
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