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Social worker and older adults

Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Anne P Glass
Social isolation has serious negative public health impacts for older adults. Survey data were collected at three resident-managed elder intentional neighborhoods in the U.S. (n = 59), to determine if these neighborhoods, each based on the cohousing model, promote development of social resources for their residents. Social resources were measured on three dimensions: social networks, neighborly support, and satisfaction with the neighborhood community. Respondents were white, mean age of 73.3 (range = 63-91), primarily female (76...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Millicent Alfred, Karolina Ubogaya, Xing Chen, Diana Wint, Priscilla Sandford Worral
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is a driving force for healthcare organizations to enhance patient services. As the Asian population in the United States is increasing at a significant rate, it is important to understand the needs of this population to implement culturally focused services that will lead to increased Asian in-patient satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the systematic review was to identify the best available evidence on the effectiveness of culturally focused interventions in increasing satisfaction of hospitalized adult Asian patients...
August 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Tina M Kruger, Sarah Gilland, Jacquelyn B Frank, Bridget C Murphy, Courtney English, Jana Meade, Kaylee Morrow, Evan Rush
In May 2014, a short-term study-abroad experience was conducted in Finland through a course offered at Indiana State University (ISU). Students and faculty from ISU and Eastern Illinois University participated in the experience, which was created to facilitate a cross-cultural comparison of long-term-care settings in the United States and Finland. With its outstanding system of caring for the health and social needs of its aging populace, Finland is a logical model to examine when considering ways to improve the quality of life for older adults who require care in the United States ...
September 16, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Maia Ingram, Nicole Marrone, Daisey Thalia Sanchez, Alicia Sander, Cecilia Navarro, Jill Guernsey de Zapien, Sonia Colina, Frances Harris
UNLABELLED: Hearing loss is associated with cognitive decline and impairment in daily living activities. Access to hearing health care has broad implications for healthy aging of the U.S. POPULATION: This qualitative study investigated factors related to the socio-ecological domains of hearing health in a U.S.-Mexico border community experiencing disparities in access to care. A multidisciplinary research team partnered with community health workers (CHWs) from a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) in designing the study...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Jing Wang, Bei Wu
We conducted a systematic review of the existing empirical studies focusing on Chinese domestic helpers in mainland China and foreign domestic helpers in Hong Kong who provide care for community-dwelling older adults. There are very limited studies specifically focusing on this population. The findings synthesized domestic helpers' characteristics, acknowledged their contributions to elder care in China, and showed multiple challenges facing them, such as issues related to their physical health and emotional well-being, lack of legal rights protection, difficulties of adapting life in the host city, lack of training, and risk of abuse and sexual harassment...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Gary T Deimling, Casey Albitz, Kara Monnin, Holly T Renzhofer Pappada, Elizabeth Nalepa, Melinda Laroco Boehm, Claire Mitchell
This research examines a model of how personality (Five-Factor Model) is related to adjustment to cancer in later life in terms of the presence of continuing cancer-related worry and depression among older adult, long-term cancer survivors. Data from an NCI-funded study with 275 older adult (age 60+), long-term (5+ years) survivors of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer were examined. Regression analyses identified neuroticism as the strongest predictor of cancer-related worry along with continuing cancer-related symptoms...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Mélanie Couture, Sarita Israël, Maryse Soulières, Martin Sasseville
Home care professionals are well positioned to witness or prevent older adult mistreatment in the community. Screening efforts are important because most victims will not easily come forth. Two Canadian local community service centers implemented a systematic screening procedure within preexisting individual clinical supervision sessions to support social workers and improve detection of mistreatment. The aim of this pilot project was to assess fidelity, acceptability, and feasibility of the new procedure. Qualitative data was collected using individual interviews with two clinical supervisors, one focus group with eight social workers and content transcribed from 15 supervision sessions...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Paula W Tucker, Dian Dowling Evans, Carolyn K Clevenger, Michelle Ardisson, Ula Hwang
Gait speed assessment is a rapid, simple and objective measure for predicting risk of unfavorable outcomes which may provide better prognostic and reliable information than existing geriatric ED (Emergency Department) screening tools. This descriptive pilot project was designed to determine feasibility of implementing gait speed screening into routine nursing practice by objectively identifying patients with sub-optimal gait speeds. Participants included community-dwelling adults 65 years and older with plans for discharge following ED treatment...
July 28, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Robbert J J Gobbens, Marcel A L M van Assen
BACKGROUND: To assess the internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Dutch version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Older Adults Module (WHOQOL-OLD). METHODS: The psychometric properties of the Dutch WHOQOL-OLD were examined in a cross-sectional study using a sample of 1,340 people aged 60 years or older. Participants completed a Web-based questionnaire, the 'Senioren Barometer'. Reliability was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha and corrected item-total correlations...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Beverly P Horowitz, Tiffany Almonte, Andrea Vasil
This exploratory research examined the benefits of a health education program utilizing the Home Safety Self-Assessment Tool (HSSAT) to increase perceived knowledge of home safety, recognition of unsafe activities, ability to safely perform activities, and develop home safety plans of 47 older adults. Focus groups in two senior centers explored social workers' perspectives on use of the HSSAT in community practice. Results for the health education program found significant differences between reported knowledge of home safety (p = ...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Kathryn Meagley, Brittany Schriver, Rebecca S Geary, Rebecca Fielding-Miller, Aryeh D Stein, Kristin L Dunkle, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: Young people constitute a major proportion of the general population and are influenced by a variety of factors, especially in regards to seeking help. An understanding of help-seeking behaviors among young people is important for designing and implementing effective targeted health services. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews with 23 young adults aged 21-22 years in Soweto, South Africa, to explore the gender dimensions of social networks and help-seeking behaviors...
2016: Global Health Action
Jen D Wong, Yetunde Shobo
This study examines the influences of employment status and the moderating role of daily stressors on cortisol levels and responsivity in 182 workers and 253 retirees between 55 and 75 years old from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS-II). As a part of the Daily Diary Study, participants completed telephone interviews about their daily experiences across eight evenings and provided saliva samples across 4 days. Multilevel models showed that workers who experienced greater number of non-work related daily stressors significantly exhibited higher cortisol level at 30 min post awakening (b = 0...
June 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Barbara Berkman, Barbara Silverstone, W June Simmons, Patricia J Volland, Judith L Howe
There is a pressing need to upgrade the gerontological knowledge and skills of practicing social workers. Geriatrics and gerontology, as specialized fields of knowledge, have not been sufficiently integrated into formal academic training programs. There are major trends in the health care environment which impact on social work education, including technological advances, a shift from inpatient to outpatient and community care settings, increasing diversity of the older population, and client and family participation in decisionmaking...
February 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Jeannine M Rowe, Victoria M Rizzo, Gayle Shier Kricke, Kate Krajci, Grisel Rodriguez-Morales, Michelle Newman, Robyn Golden
An exploratory, retrospective evaluation of Ambulatory Integration of the Medical and Social (AIMS), a care coordination model designed to integrate medical and non-medical needs of patients and delivered exclusively by social workers was conducted to examine mean utilization of costly health care services for older adult patients. Results reveal mean utilization of 30-day hospital readmissions, emergency department (ED) visits, and hospital admissions are significantly lower for the study sample compared to the larger patient population...
May 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Kelsey Simons, Sofiya An, Robin Bonifas
This study examined professional and practice characteristics associated with assessment and intervention self-efficacy among gerontological social workers in Ontario, Canada who participated in online surveys. Results from multivariate analyses indicated that higher client acuity, longer duration of practice experience, smaller caseloads, and a greater proportion of clients 85 and over were significantly associated with greater assessment self-efficacy. Greater client acuity and smaller caseloads were also significantly associated with greater intervention self-efficacy...
May 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Diane E Holland, Catherine E Vanderboom, Adriana M Delgado, Marianne E Weiss, Karen A Monsen
PURPOSE: Although discharge planning (DP) is recognized as a critical component of hospital care, national initiatives have focused on older adults, with limited focus on pediatric patients. We aimed to describe patient problems and targeted interventions as documented by social workers or DP nurses providing specialized DP services in a children's hospital. METHODS: Text from 67 clinical notes for 28 patients was mapped to a standardized terminology (Omaha System)...
May 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
E R S Silva, K B Michelutti, W F Antonialli-Junior, M Batistote, C A L Cardoso
The chemical signature of social insects is very important for communication, and specific signs of each colony and its individuals are acquired throughout their development. This chemical signature can also be related to the composition of the materials employed during nest construction. Furthermore, the venom also contains important chemicals required for the maintenance of wasp colonies. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition of the wasp Protopolybia exigua along its different development stages, including the nest substrate and the venom of adult worker at different ages...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Alexander K Smith, Christine S Ritchie, Margaret L Wallhagen
CONTEXT: Age-related hearing loss can impair patient-provider communication about symptom management, goals of care, and end-of-life decision-making. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether hospice and palliative care providers screen for or received training about hearing loss, believe it impacts patient care, and use strategies to optimize communication. METHODS: This was a national survey of hospice and palliative care providers conducted via email and social media...
August 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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