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Behavior and social work

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333486/ethical-considerations-when-delivering-behavior-analytic-services-for-problem-behavior-via-telehealth
#1
Patrick W Romani, Kelly M Schieltz
Delivery of healthcare services via telehealth has been growing in popularity, and work completed by behavior analytic researchers and practitioners have supported this trend. Behavior analysts at the University of Iowa Children's Hospital (UICH) developed a telehealth model of service delivery to build upon their already established in-clinic and in-home services. Results from their telehealth studies showed positive effects. Social functions were identified for most children, and problem behavior decreased by an average of 94...
November 2017: Behavior Analysis (Washington, D.C.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332631/treatment-utilization-and-barriers-to-treatment-among-individuals-with-olfactory-reference-syndrome-ors
#2
Jennifer L Greenberg, Noah C Berman, Valerie Braddick, Rachel Schwartz, Suraj S Mothi, Sabine Wilhelm
OBJECTIVE: Olfactory reference syndrome (ORS) is characterized by a preoccupation that one is emitting a foul or offensive odor. Despite the profound psychosocial impact of ORS, many patients do not receive appropriate treatment, and there is no empirical research on treatment-seeking behavior in ORS. This study investigated treatment utilization patterns and barriers to treatment in individuals with ORS. METHOD: 253 subjects completed an online survey between January-March 2010...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324853/disentangling-and-modeling-interactions-in-fish-with-burst-and-coast-swimming-reveal-distinct-alignment-and-attraction-behaviors
#3
Daniel S Calovi, Alexandra Litchinko, Valentin Lecheval, Ugo Lopez, Alfonso Pérez Escudero, Hugues Chaté, Clément Sire, Guy Theraulaz
The development of tracking methods for automatically quantifying individual behavior and social interactions in animal groups has open up new perspectives for building quantitative and predictive models of collective behavior. In this work, we combine extensive data analyses with a modeling approach to measure, disentangle, and reconstruct the actual functional form of interactions involved in the coordination of swimming in Rummy-nose tetra (Hemigrammus rhodostomus). This species of fish performs burst-and-coast swimming behavior that consists of sudden heading changes combined with brief accelerations followed by quasi-passive, straight decelerations...
January 11, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320509/dynamics-of-co-authorship-and-productivity-across-different-fields-of-scientific-research
#4
Austin J Parish, Kevin W Boyack, John P A Ioannidis
We aimed to assess which factors correlate with collaborative behavior and whether such behavior associates with scientific impact (citations and becoming a principal investigator). We used the R index which is defined for each author as log(Np)/log(I1), where I1 is the number of co-authors who appear in at least I1 papers written by that author and Np are his/her total papers. Higher R means lower collaborative behavior, i.e. not working much with others, or not collaborating repeatedly with the same co-authors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318629/tony-nevin-the-embrace-of-translational-work-by-a-basic-scientist
#5
F Charles Mace
Here I summarize John A. "Tony" Nevin's evolution as a translational author. All of his publications were classified by title and content as being primarily experimental analysis of behavior or translational. Translational works were subtyped as interpretative, descriptive research, or experimental research. During the first 20 years of his publication career, Tony published exclusively experimental analysis of behavior work. In 1982, he began a series of interpretative translational analyses on topics of significant social importance...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315132/self-help-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-working-women-with-problematic-hot-flushes-and-night-sweats-menos-work-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Claire Hardy, Amanda Griffiths, Sam Norton, Myra S Hunter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the efficacy of an unguided, self-help cognitive behavior therapy (SH-CBT) booklet on hot flush and night sweat (HFNS) problem rating, delivered in a work setting. METHODS: Women aged 45 to 60 years, having 10 or more problematic HFNS a week, were recruited to a multicenter randomized controlled trial, via the occupational health/human resources departments of eight organizations. Participants were 1:1 randomized to SH-CBT or no treatment waitlist control (NTWC)...
January 8, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313179/protective-factors-against-distress-for-caregivers-of-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Rebecca A Lindsey, Tammy D Barry
Caregivers of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience elevated distress. The current study examined potential protective factors against caregiver distress when child externalizing and internalizing behaviors are present: family resources, perceived social support, parenting efficacy, knowledge of ASD, and the agreement between actual and perceived knowledge of ASD. Caregivers of a child with ASD completed an online questionnaire. Results demonstrated main effects for externalizing behavior, family resources, and perceived social support...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305760/himop-a-three-component-architecture-to-create-more-human-acceptable-social-assistive-robots-motivational-architecture-for-assistive-robots
#8
Francisco J Rodríguez-Lera, Vicente Matellán-Olivera, Miguel Á Conde-González, Francisco Martín-Rico
Generation of autonomous behavior for robots is a general unsolved problem. Users perceive robots as repetitive tools that do not respond to dynamic situations. This research deals with the generation of natural behaviors in assistive service robots for dynamic domestic environments, particularly, a motivational-oriented cognitive architecture to generate more natural behaviors in autonomous robots. The proposed architecture, called HiMoP, is based on three elements: a Hierarchy of needs to define robot drives; a set of Motivational variables connected to robot needs; and a Pool of finite-state machines to run robot behaviors...
January 6, 2018: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304081/trajectories-of-aggressive-and-depressive-symptoms-in-male-and-female-overweight-children-do-they-share-a-common-path-or-do-they-follow-different-routes
#9
Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino, Michela Erriu, Stanislav Jezek, Carlos A Almenara, Renata Tambelli
The prevalence of childhood overweight is a major social and public health issue, and primary assessment should focus on early and middle childhood, because weight gain in these phases constitutes a strong predictor of subsequent negative outcomes. Studies on community samples have shown that growth curves may follow linear or non-linear trajectories from early to middle childhood, and can differ based on sex. Overweight children may exhibit a combination of physiological and psychosocial issues, and several studies have demonstrated an association between overweight and internalizing/externalizing behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303969/workaholism-as-a-mediator-between-work-related-stressors-and-health-outcomes
#10
Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen, Torbjørn Torsheim
It is currently unknown if unfavorable working conditions, reflected by the demand-control-support model and the effort-reward imbalance model, directly influence health or if the effects may be mediated by work-related attitudes and behaviors such as workaholism. In the present study, 988 employees (55.6% males, mean age 36.09, SD = 9.23) from a large consultant firm participated in a cross-sectional survey assessing work variables such as job demands, job control, social support, effort, reward, and overcommitment...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303546/establishment-of-lcms-based-platform-for-discovery-of-quorum-sensing-inhibitors-signal-detection-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pao1
#11
Manoj Kushwaha, Shreyans K Jain, Nisha Sharma, Vidushi Abrol, Sundeep Jaglan, Ram A Vishwakarma
Targeting the main three networking systems viz. Las, RhI and PQS via natural quenchers is a new ray of hope for combating the persistent behavior of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In the bacterial chemical vocabulary pyocyanin, N-AHLs and rhamnolipids are the main keywords, which are responsible for the social and nomadic behavior of P. aeruginosa. In the present work LCMS-based real-time qualitative and quantitative analysis of pyocyanin, green phenazine, N-AHLs, and rhamnolipids were performed. The quantitative analysis indicates that the production of pyocyanin and NHSLs increases with time while the production of rhamnolipids discontinued after 16 Hrs...
January 5, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302988/social-health-insurance-difference-in-inpatient-expenditure-and-service-category-in-china
#12
Qing Wang, Jay Shen, Jennifer Rice, Kaitlyn Frakes
China successfully achieved universal health insurance coverage in 2011. Previous work on the effects of social health insurance in China has overlooked the association between health insurance and inpatient service category as well as the mechanisms of institutional characteristics. This study seeks to estimate the social health insurance difference in inpatient expenditure and service category. The role of institutional characteristics was also studied. The logistic model was applied to estimate the association of social health insurance and service category...
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300218/-give-me-some-time-facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-uptake-of-home-based-hiv-testing-during-household-contact-investigation-for-tuberculosis-in-kampala-uganda
#13
Mari Armstrong-Hough, Joseph Ggita, Irene Ayakaka, David Dowdy, Adithya Cattamanchi, Jessica E Haberer, Achilles Katamba, J Lucian Davis
BACKGROUND: Integrating home-based HIV counseling and testing (HCT) with tuberculosis (TB) evaluation could improve uptake of HIV testing among household contacts of patients with active TB. We sought to identify the facilitators of and barriers to HCT during household contact investigation for TB in Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: We nested semi-structured interviews with 28 household contacts who were offered home-based HCT in a household-randomized trial of home-based strategies for TB contact investigation...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299870/adhd-in-acute-care-psychiatric-inpatients
#14
Katherine L Lines, Joseph Sadek
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurocognitive disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and motor hyperactivity. The worldwide prevalence of ADHD, in the general adult population, has been estimated to be 2.8%. Patients with ADHD have a high incidence of comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders. Those with a psychiatric disorder as well as ADHD have more psychosocial difficulties than those without ADHD. Despite knowing that ADHD is often comorbid with other psychiatric diagnoses, there are currently no studies elucidating the prevalence of ADHD in the inpatient psychiatric population, nor is there significant information about its impact...
January 3, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298965/stigmatization-of-psychiatrists-by-pedagogues
#15
Andrzej Witusik
Psychiatrists, as well as their patients, are the objects of the stigmatization process. The question arises as to whether stigmatization of psychiatrists is a phenomenon that occurs among the pedagogues. Answering this question has an important social dimension because it is the teacher and the pedagogue who shapes the attitudes of young people. AIM: Aim of the study was preliminary, pilot assessment of the severity of stigmatization of psychiatrists by teachers and educators who do not have everyday contact with mentally ill patients...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297360/dynamically-analyzing-cell-interactions-in-biological-environments-using-multiagent-social-learning-framework
#16
Chengwei Zhang, Xiaohong Li, Shuxin Li, Zhiyong Feng
BACKGROUND: Biological environment is uncertain and its dynamic is similar to the multiagent environment, thus the research results of the multiagent system area can provide valuable insights to the understanding of biology and are of great significance for the study of biology. Learning in a multiagent environment is highly dynamic since the environment is not stationary anymore and each agent's behavior changes adaptively in response to other coexisting learners, and vice versa. The dynamics becomes more unpredictable when we move from fixed-agent interaction environments to multiagent social learning framework...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295031/college-students-beliefs-about-domestic-violence-a-replication-and-extension
#17
Shelly M Wagers, Jennifer Wareham, Denise Paquette Boots
In recent decades, significant effort and money have been spent to change social and legal responses to domestic violence and affect public perceptions. A small body of research has examined individuals' opinions about what behaviors are considered domestic violence. Using a sample of college students, the present study examined a modified version of a somewhat popular instrument used to measure beliefs about domestic violence, extending previous work done by Carlson and Worden. Results indicated beliefs about domestic violence are multidimensional, depending on the nature of the behavior and, in part, the gender of the perpetrator...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294872/the-influence-of-the-opposite-sex-on-hypothetical-aggressive-inclinations
#18
Kira Mason, Christopher P Barlett, Alex L Jones
Previous research has supported the hypothesis that the presence of a potential mate influences social behavior; however, there is a paucity of work that has extended this to the study of aggression. Thus, the current research had participants ( N = 1,035) view a picture of an attractive or unattractive member of the opposite sex. Participants then imagined themselves in front of the imagined person in a social setting in which they were provoked or not before completing an assessment of aggressive intentions...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294682/is-readiness-to-take-action-among-women-in-violent-relationships-a-catastrophic-phenomenon
#19
David A Katerndahl, Sandra K Burge, Robert L Ferrer, Johanna Becho, Robert Wood
Taking action among women in violent relationships appears to involve sudden changes and reversals after periods of building stress, suggesting that decision making is a "catastrophic" phenomenon. This study sought to determine whether readiness-to-change is best modeled as a cusp catastrophic (CCM) phenomenon among women in violent relationships. A total of 143 women who experienced violence in the previous month completed baseline and end-of-study interviews assessing her hope, coping strategies, social network, and readiness-for-action (seeking help, taking legal action, and leaving) concerning the violence...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294654/empowerment-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-pakistan-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#20
Nadine Shaanta Murshid, Filomena M Critelli
Using empowerment theory, the current study examines antecedents of lifetime experience of intimate partner violence, intimate partner violence experienced in the last 12 months, emotional violence, and husbands' controlling behaviors toward their wives in Pakistan. Using data from a subsample of 658 women from the nationally representative Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012-2013, this study examined whether empowerment variables, such as household decision-making power, economic decision-making power, and adherence to patriarchy, operationalized as justification of wife beating, contribute to intimate partner violence using logistic regression analyses...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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