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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080254/wellness-and-multiple-sclerosis-the-national-ms-society-establishes-a-wellness-research-working-group-and-research-priorities
#1
Robert W Motl, Ellen M Mowry, Dawn M Ehde, Nicholas G LaRocca, Kathy E Smith, Kathleen Costello, Lynne Shinto, Alexander V Ng, Amy B Sullivan, Barbara Giesser, Kevin K McCully, Bo Fernhall, Malachy Bishop, Matthew Plow, Patrizia Casaccia, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have identified "wellness" and associated behaviors as a high priority based on "social media listening" undertaken by the National MS Society (i.e. the Society). OBJECTIVE: The Society recently convened a group that consisted of researchers with experience in MS and wellness-related research, Society staff members, and an individual with MS for developing recommendations regarding a wellness research agenda. METHOD: The members of the group engaged in focal reviews and discussions involving the state of science within three approaches for promoting wellness in MS, namely diet, exercise, and emotional wellness...
January 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080122/continuing-our-organizational-mission-a-new-name-for-a-new-time
#2
Deborah Klein Walker, Ryan P Kilmer, Mary I Armstrong
This editorial explains the need for a new name for the American Orthopsychiatric Association (ORTHO). As ORTHO continues their work into the 21st century, they want to better reflect their global membership and focus, increasing the number of partnerships with individuals and organizations, and commitment to a just society. Therefore, ORTHO is changing their name to the Global Alliance for Behavioral Health and Social Justice. It is crucial to underscore that, although the organizations name is changing, the values and principles that inform their work will remain the same...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079726/the-charter-on-professionalism-for-health-care-organizations
#3
Barry E Egener, Diana J Mason, Walter J McDonald, Sally Okun, Meg E Gaines, David A Fleming, Bernie M Rosof, David Gullen, May-Lynn Andresen
In 2002, the Physician Charter on Medical Professionalism was published to provide physicians with guidance for decision making in a rapidly changing environment. Feedback from physicians indicated that they were unable to fully live up to the principles in the 2002 charter partly because of their employing or affiliated health care organizations. A multistakeholder group has developed a Charter on Professionalism for Health Care Organizations, which may provide more guidance than charters for individual disciplines, given the current structure of health care delivery systems...
January 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079645/the-role-of-patient-navigators-in-building-a-medical-home-for-multiply-diagnosed-hiv-positive-homeless-populations
#4
Mariana Sarango, Alexander de Groot, Melissa Hirschi, Chukwuemeka Anthony Umeh, Serena Rajabiun
CONTEXT: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH) who are most at risk for falling out of HIV primary care and detectable viral loads include homeless and unstably housed individuals and those codiagnosed with behavioral health disorders. The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is a model that promotes provision of comprehensive, patient-centered, accessible, coordinated, and quality care for patients. This initiative provided patient navigation to HIV-positive homeless and unstably housed individuals codiagnosed with a mental health or substance use disorder as a means to create an adapted PCMH to meet the specific needs of this population...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077345/tips-and-traps-lessons-from-codesigning-a-clinician-e-monitoring-tool-for-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#5
Frederick Sundram, Susan J Hawken, Karolina Stasiak, Mathijs Fg Lucassen, Theresa Fleming, Matthew Shepherd, Andrea Greenwood, Raechel Osborne, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) is an acceptable and promising treatment modality for adolescents with mild-to-moderate depression. Many cCBT programs are standalone packages with no way for clinicians to monitor progress or outcomes. We sought to develop an electronic monitoring (e-monitoring) tool in consultation with clinicians and adolescents to allow clinicians to monitor mood, risk, and treatment adherence of adolescents completing a cCBT program called SPARX (Smart, Positive, Active, Realistic, X-factor thoughts)...
January 11, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077106/age-of-onset-of-substance-use-and-psychosocial-problems-among-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders
#6
Anju Poudel, Sital Gautam
BACKGROUND: Substance use is generally initiated in adolescence or early adulthood and is commonly associated with several physical, psychological, emotional and social problems. The objective of this study is to assess the age of onset of substance use differences on psychosocial problems among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) residing in drug rehabilitation centers. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional research design was carried out. Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling technique was used to select the drug rehabilitation centers and all the respondents meeting the inclusion criteria of the selected seven rehabilitation centers were taken as a sample and comprised of 221 diagnosed individuals with SUDs...
January 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076255/problem-drug-related-behavior-and-discontinuation-of-opioids-following-the-introduction-of-an-opioid-management-program
#7
Lucinda A Grande, Ellen Campbell Thompson, Margaret A Au, Devin Sawyer, Laura-Mae Baldwin, Roger Rosenblatt
PURPOSE: Problem drug-related behavior (PDB) among patients on chronic opioid therapy may reflect an opioid use disorder. This study assessed PDB prevalence and the relationship between PDB and ongoing prescription of opioids at a primary care clinic that implemented a multifaceted opioid management program. METHODS: A chart review of patients in a chronic opioid registry assessed prevalence of different types of PDB over 2 years, and whether opioids were prescribed during the last 3 months of the 2-year study period among patients with different levels of PDB...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068939/swallowing-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-dysphagia-after-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-behavioural-strategies-used-to-promote-patient-adherence-to-swallowing-exercises
#8
Roganie Govender, Christina H Smith, Stuart A Taylor, Helen Barratt, Benjamin Gardner
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a significant side-effect following treatment for head and neck cancers, yet poor adherence to swallowing exercises is frequently reported in intervention studies. Behaviour change techniques (BCTs) can be used to improve adherence, but no review to date has described the techniques or indicated which may be more associated with improved swallowing outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify behavioural strategies in swallowing interventions, and to explore any relationships between these strategies and intervention effects...
January 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064525/healthy-children-strong-families-2-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-american-indian-families-designed-using-community-based-approaches
#9
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Kate A Cronin, Tassy Parker, Kyungmann Kim, Vernon M Grant, Judith N Sheche, Alexandra K Adams
Background/Aims Few obesity prevention trials have focused on young children and their families in the home environment, particularly in underserved communities. Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 is a randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle intervention for American Indian children and their families, a group at very high risk of obesity. The study design resulted from our long-standing engagement with American Indian communities, and few collaborations of this type resulting in the development and implementation of a randomized clinical trial have been described...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063823/but-is-helping-you-worth-the-risk-defining-prosocial-risk-taking-in-adolescence
#10
REVIEW
Kathy T Do, João F Guassi Moreira, Eva H Telzer
Recent work has shown that the same neural circuitry that typically underlies risky behaviors also contributes to prosocial behaviors. Despite the striking overlap between two seemingly distinct behavioral patterns, little is known about how risk taking and prosociality interact and inform adolescent decision making. We review literature on adolescent brain development as it pertains to risk taking and prosociality and propose a new area of study, Prosocial Risk Taking, which suggests that adolescents can make risky decisions with the intention of helping other individuals...
December 6, 2016: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060582/encoded-exposure-and-social-norms-in-entertainment-education
#11
Amy Henderson Riley, Suruchi Sood, Paramita Dasgupta Mazumdar, Narendra Nath Choudary, Alka Malhotra, Naysan Sahba
Entertainment-education is an effective health communication strategy that combines or embeds educational messages into entertainment programs to bring about social and behavior change. For years, scholars have considered how entertainment-education works. Some contemporary theories posit that entertainment-education does not engender behavior change directly but does so through mediating variables. This study adds to the literature on this topic by exploring the direct relationship between exposure and social norms instead of their relationship through behavior as a mediator...
January 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057825/machine-vision-methods-for-analyzing-social-interactions
#12
REVIEW
Alice A Robie, Kelly M Seagraves, S E Roian Egnor, Kristin Branson
Recent developments in machine vision methods for automatic, quantitative analysis of social behavior have immensely improved both the scale and level of resolution with which we can dissect interactions between members of the same species. In this paper, we review these methods, with a particular focus on how biologists can apply them to their own work. We discuss several components of machine vision-based analyses: methods to record high-quality video for automated analyses, video-based tracking algorithms for estimating the positions of interacting animals, and machine learning methods for recognizing patterns of interactions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054427/social-and-biophysical-variation-in-regional-timber-harvest-regimes
#13
Jonathan R Thompson, Charles D Canham, Luca Morreale, David B Kittredge, Brett Butler
In terms of adult tree mortality, harvesting is the most prevalent disturbance in northeastern United States forests. Previous studies have demonstrated that stand structure and tree species composition are important predictors of harvest. We extend this work to investigate how social factors further influence harvest regimes. By coupling the Forest Inventory and Analysis database to U.S. Census and National Woodland Owner Survey (NWOS) data, we quantify social and biophysical variation in the frequency and intensity of harvesting throughout a twenty-state region in the northeastern U...
January 5, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051830/gambling-and-the-need-for-new-responses-in-public-health-with-an-addiction-sine-substantia
#14
M Crusco, F Massoni, E Luzi, P Ricci, M Pelosi, P Corbosiero, M Rapp-Ricciardi, S Ricci
BACKGROUND: The Gambling Disorder (GD) was recently defined as a behavioral addiction by the "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV"( DSM-V) since the clinical, neurobiological and psychopathological similarities led it to be defined it as an addiction "sine substantia". The aim of this study is to formulate an "identikit" of the gambler, to evaluate a possible association between GD / emotional specific factors and the correlation between GD / substance abuse, GD / suicide...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039665/the-relationship-between-burnout-syndrome-among-the-medical-staff-and-work-conditions-in-the-polish-healthcare-system
#15
Alicja Głębocka
Psychologists emphasize that people employed in social service organizations are vulnerable to chronic stress and burnout syndrome caused by a close and unsatisfied interpersonal relationship. However, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a feeling of diminished personal accomplishment can be attributed to other external factors. One of them is poor living and occupational conditions. According to a report by OECD, the healthcare system in Poland is the worst among the member countries. The aim of the present study was to define the relationship between occupational burnout and the rating of the Polish healthcare system among the medical staff...
December 31, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032796/peter-nathan-1935-2016
#16
Don Fowles
Presents an obituary for Peter Nathan who died suddenly on May 8, 2016, in Iowa City, Iowa. Nathan was an outstanding clinical scientist who's pioneering research confirming the effectiveness of psychological interventions to treat alcoholism and substance abuse set off an explosion of research and clinical applications over the ensuing decades. He made seminal contributions to diagnostic decision making, syndromal assessment, and science-based treatments of psychopathology. He helped found the field of social and behavioral science of addiction...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031080/the-interaction-between-monoamine-oxidase-a-and-punitive-discipline-in-the-development-of-antisocial-behavior-mediation-by-maladaptive-social-information-processing
#17
Chardée A Galán, Daniel Ewon Choe, Erika E Forbes, Daniel S Shaw
Previous studies demonstrate that boys' monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) genotype interacts with adverse rearing environments in early childhood, including punitive discipline, to predict later antisocial behavior. Yet the mechanisms by which MAOA and punitive parenting interact during childhood to amplify risk for antisocial behavior are not well understood. In the present study, hostile attributional bias and aggressive response generation during middle childhood, salient aspects of maladaptive social information processing, were tested as possible mediators of this relation in a sample of 187 low-income men followed prospectively from infancy into early adulthood...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029526/measuring-the-transportation-needs-of-people-with-developmental-disabilities-a-means-to-social-inclusion
#18
Rania Wasfi, Madeleine Steinmetz-Wood, David Levinson
BACKGROUND: One of the major causes of social exclusion for people with developmental disability (PDD) is the inability to access different activities due to inadequate transportation services. OBJECTIVE: This research paper identifies transportation needs, and reasons for unmet, but desired untaken trips of adults with developmental disabilities in Hennepin County, Minnesota. We hypothesize that PDD cannot make trips they want to make due to personal and neighborhood characteristics...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025557/a-study-of-personal-health-record-user-s-behavioral-model-based-on-the-pmt-and-utaut-integrative-perspective
#19
Hui-Lung Hsieh, Yu-Ming Kuo, Shiang-Ru Wang, Bi-Kun Chuang, Chung-Hung Tsai
The personal health record (PHR) is a system that enables borderless medical care services by combining technological innovation and human consideration. This study explored factors affecting the adoption of PHR from technical, medical, and social perspectives according to the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) and Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model. A survey using a structured questionnaire was subsequently conducted, which produced the following results: (1) The PMT and UTAUT were effective at predicting PHR usage behaviors; (2) Perceived ease-of-use was the most decisive factor influencing the use of PHR, followed by self-efficacy and perceived usefulness; and (3) Behavioral intention for PHR was significantly and positively correlated with usage behavior...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018910/an-investigation-of-the-complexities-of-successful-and-unsuccessful-guide-dog-matching-and-partnerships
#20
Janice Lloyd, Claire Budge, Steve La Grow, Kevin Stafford
Matching a person who is blind or visually impaired with a guide dog is a process of finding the most suitable guide dog available for that individual. Not all guide dog partnerships are successful, and the consequences of an unsuccessful partnership may result in reduced mobility and quality of life for the handler (owner), and are costly in time and resources for guide dog training establishments. This study examined 50 peoples' partnerships with one or more dogs (118 pairings) to ascertain the outcome of the relationship...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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