keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Healthcare and Ethics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210321/telemedicine-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Nicolino Ambrosino, Guido Vagheggini, Stefano Mazzoleni, Michele Vitacca
: Telemedicine is a medical application of advanced technology to disease management. This modality may provide benefits also to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Different devices and systems are used. The legal problems associated with telemedicine are still controversial. Economic advantages for healthcare systems, though potentially high, are still poorly investigated. A European Respiratory Society Task Force has defined indications, follow-up, equipment, facilities, legal and economic issues of tele-monitoring of COPD patients including those undergoing home mechanical ventilation...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196454/quality-of-life-and-ethics
#2
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes
BACKGROUND: In health, ethics is an essential aspect of practice and care and guarantees a better quality of life for patients and their caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To outline a conceptual analysis of quality of life and ethics, identifying attributes, contexts and magnitudes for health. METHOD: A qualitative design about quality of life and ethics in health, considering the evolutionary approach in order to analyse the concept. To collect the data, a search was done using the keywords ethic*, quality of life and health...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195533/ethical-concerns-related-to-mandatory-reporting-of-sexual-violence
#3
N Jagadeesh, Padma Bhate-Deosthali, Sangeeta Rege
The provision of care for survivors of sexual violence is a medico-legal emergency. However, due to social issues, healthcare providers face several ethical and legal dilemmas when administering care to such survivors at hospitals. Added to these are the compulsions under mandatory reporting laws, which oblige healthcare providers to abide by the ethical commitments of care and treatment, and make it mandatory for them to report cases of sexual violence to the police, failing which they face legal sanctions...
November 25, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192746/changing-the-navigator-s-course-how-the-increasing-rationalization-of-healthcare-influences-access-for-undocumented-immigrants-under-the-affordable-care-act
#4
Laura López-Sanders
A number of researchers have shown that brokers (e.g., navigators and street-level bureaucrats) bridge access to healthcare services and information for immigrant patients through rich personal relationships and a mission of ethical care. An open question remains concerning how the increasing rationalization of healthcare over the past few decades influences brokerage for undocumented immigrant patients. Drawing from fieldwork and interviews conducted in California, as the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was implemented, I develop the concept of the "double-embedded-liaison...
February 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186941/preference-based-disease-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-instrument-for-glaucoma-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#5
Sergei Muratov, Dominik W Podbielski, Susan M Jack, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed, Levine A H Mitchell, Monika Baltaziak, Feng Xie
INTRODUCTION: A primary objective of healthcare services is to improve patients' health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Glaucoma, which affects a substantial proportion of the world population, has a significant detrimental impact on HRQoL. Although there are a number of glaucoma-specific questionnaires to measure HRQoL, none is preference-based which prevent them from being used in health economic evaluation. The proposed study is aimed to develop a preference-based instrument that is capable of capturing important effects specific to glaucoma and treatments on HRQoL and is scored based on the patients' preferences...
November 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185690/a-radiologist-s-guide-to-the-industry-a-methodical-approach-to-physician-industry-relationships-in-radiology
#6
Donald Dj Perry, Derek Khorsand, Michael McNeeley
In the last century, rapidly advancing technological innovations have become essential components of modern healthcare, increasing the frequency and necessity of interactions between physicians and industry. These interactions have the potential to bias objectivity and should be approached carefully. A recent JACR article by Harvey et al, highlighted 2014 CMS data, which reported that only 4% of radiologists had interactions with industry, coming in second lowest amongst all 19 reported specialties. However, when managed appropriately, physician-industry relationships can mutually benefit patients, research, payers, providers, hospitals and the medical industry...
December 15, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183785/should-healthcare-professionals-sometimes-allow-harm-the-case-of-self-injury
#7
Patrick J Sullivan
This paper considers the ethical justification for the use of harm minimisation approaches with individuals who self-injure. While the general issues concerning harm minimisation have been widely debated, there has been only limited consideration of the ethical issues raised by allowing people to continue injuring themselves as part of an agreed therapeutic programme. I will argue that harm minimisation should be supported on the basis that it results in an overall reduction in harm when compared with more traditional ways of dealing with self-injurious behaviour...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183413/manuscript-development-and-publishing-a-5-step-approach
#8
Susan M Downey, Stephen A Geraci
Publications in peer-reviewed biomedical journals are essential for sharing knowledge and advancing healthcare. This article will articulate a 5-step approach for developing and publishing a manuscript, and provide academic clinicians with an instructional tool they can provide to their protégés and junior faculty. The authors attempt to distill existing advice for preparing manuscripts, which is found in myriad formats, combine these tutorials with their collective experience and present this approach for developing and publishing successfully a manuscript in a peer-reviewed journal...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183244/personalised-healthcare-the-dima-clinical-model
#9
Marina Borro, Giovanna Gentile, Vittorio Fineschi, Zeno Földes-Papp, Paola Frati, Alessandro Santurro, Luana Lionetto, Maurizio Simmaco
Large-scale application of Personalized Medicine requires a multi-disciplinal environment allowing synergic cooperation among different competences. Strict collaboration between medical and medical sciences, as informatics, ethics, politics, are needed to face the challenges of one-sized healthcare. In spite of the increasing interest, how this system can be globally realized remains tentative. Yet, a relatively small, Personalised Healthcare Service is providing a proof-of principle organizational model to guide implementation into clinical practice...
February 8, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181273/first-time-mothers-choice-of-birthplace-influencing-factors-expectations-of-the-midwife-s-role-and-perceived-safety
#10
Sara E Borrelli, Denis Walsh, Helen Spiby
AIM: To explore first-time pregnant women's expectations and factors influencing their choice of birthplace. BACKGROUND: Although outcomes and advantages for low-risk childbearing women giving birth in midwifery-led units and home compared with obstetric units have been investigated previously, there is little information on the factors that influence women's choice of place of birth. DESIGN: A qualitative Straussian grounded theory methodology was adopted...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180146/-i-think-we-ve-got-too-many-tests-prenatal-providers-reflections-on-ethical-and-clinical-challenges-in-the-practice-integration-of-cell-free-dna-screening
#11
B L Gammon, S A Kraft, M Michie, M Allyse
BACKGROUND: The recent introduction of cell-free DNA-based non-invasive prenatal screening (cfDNA screening) into clinical practice was expected to revolutionize prenatal testing. cfDNA screening for fetal aneuploidy has demonstrated higher test sensitivity and specificity for some conditions than conventional serum screening and can be conducted early in the pregnancy. However, it is not clear whether and how clinical practices are assimilating this new type of testing into their informed consent and counselling processes...
July 2016: Ethics, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179270/is-there-a-role-for-clowns-in-paediatric-intensive-care-units
#12
REVIEW
Guillaume Mortamet, Nadia Roumeliotis, Florence Vinit, Caroline Simonds, Laurent Dupic, Philippe Hubert
Hospital clowning is a programme in healthcare facilities involving visits from specially trained actors. In the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU), clowning may appear inappropriate and less intuitive. The patient could appear too ill and/or sedated, the environment too crowded or chaotic and the parents too stressed. Relying on our experience with professionally trained clowns both in France and Canada, the purpose of this article is to offer a model for hospital clowning and to suggest standards of practice for the implementation of clowning in PICUs...
February 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178727/applying-ethical-and-legal-principles-to-new-technology-the-university-of-auckland-faculty-of-medical-and-health-sciences-policy-taking-and-sharing-images-of-patients
#13
Monique Jonas, Phillipa Malpas, Kate Kersey, Alan Merry, Warwick Bagg
AIMS: To develop a policy governing the taking and sharing of photographic and radiological images by medical students. METHODS: The Rules of the Health Information Privacy Code 1994 and the Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers' Rights were applied to the taking, storing and sharing of photographic and radiological images by medical students. Stakeholders, including clinicians, medical students, lawyers at district health boards in the Auckland region, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner and the Health and Disability Commissioner were consulted and their recommendations incorporated...
January 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177781/-still-rather-hazy-at-present-citizens-and-physicians-views-on-returning-results-from-biobank-research-using-broad-consent
#14
Gaia Barazzetti, Samuele Cavalli, Lazare Benaroyo, Alain Kaufmann
AIMS: Informed consent and return of research results are among the most debated topics in the biobank literature. We discuss ethical, social, and policy issues associated with returning results in the context of biobanks using a broad consent approach, in the light of data from a qualitative survey of citizens' and physicians' views. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected through interviews and focus groups to investigate stakeholders' perspectives about a large-scale hospital-based biobank designed to foster biomedical research, including prospective genomics research, and "personalized" medicine...
February 8, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174394/-past-present-and-future-of-national-clinical-database
#15
Tadashi Iwanaka
The National Clinical Database of Japan( NCD) was established in April 2010 in the collaboration of 9 surgical subspecialty societies on the platform of the Japan Surgical Society(JSS). Registrations began in 2011, and because NCD is strongly linked to the board certification system by JSS, the ratio of registration of surgical procedures is very high, over than 97%. To date, more than 4,000 facilities have enrolled and over 7 million cases were registered over a 5-year period. The analyses of NCD are compared to the foreign database, such as American College of Surgeon National Surgical Quality Improvement Program in the gastrointestinal (GI) surgical field, and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Adult Cardiac Database in the cardiovascular surgical field, with a goal of creating a standardized surgery database for quality improvement...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169896/activities-of-intellectual-disability-clinical-nurse-specialists-in-ireland
#16
Owen Doody, Eamonn Slevin, Laurence Taggart
PURPOSE/AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the contribution of Irish intellectual disability clinical nurse specialists (ID CNSs) to service delivery. DESIGN: A nonexperimental descriptive design was selected to survey ID CNSs presently working in Ireland. The questionnaire was developed based on focus group interviews, available literature, and expert panel views. METHODS: Ethical approval and access were granted to all ID CNSs in Ireland...
March 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166689/legal-complaints-about-midwives-and-the-impact-on-the-profession
#17
Akram Peyman, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Mohammad Esmaeilpour Bandboni, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: Midwives play an important role in maintaining and increasing women's health and well-being. Training professional midwives is one of the main policies of any healthcare system. Since the number of complaints against midwives has increased recently, this study was conducted to explore the perspectives of midwives regarding patients' complaint to authorities and their impacts on the profession of midwifery. METHODS: Being conducted in 2013, this qualitative study was the first of its type in Iran...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164318/-doing-good-by-proxy-human-animal-kinship-and-the-donation-of-canine-blood
#18
Vanessa Ashall, Pru Hobson-West
This article demonstrates the relevance of animals to medical sociology by arguing that pet owners' accounts of veterinary decision-making can highlight key sociological themes which are important to both human and animal health. Based on semi-structured interviews, the article argues that interspecies 'kinship' allows for the extension of sociological claims regarding altruism, self-interest and mutuality from human blood donation to companion animal blood 'donation'. Furthermore, this study extends sociological understanding of the human-animal bond by showing how the dog's status as kin meant they were expected to donate blood, and that the act of donation itself represents an important opportunity for family 'display'...
February 6, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161302/-professionalism-values-and-competences-in-specialized-medical-training
#19
N Giménez, J Alcaraz, M Gavagnach, R Kazan, A Arévalo, M Rodríguez-Carballeira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of healthcare professionals (tutors, residents and teaching collaborators) involved in specialist medical training on the core values and skills to develop their tasks. METHODS: A tailor-made questionnaire aimed at healthcare professionals in 9health care centres and a referral hospital. Questionnaire: 4 sections and 51 variables (scale 1-10). RESULTS: A total of 287 professionals participated, which included 97% tutors (n=59), 38% residents (n=61), and 56% others (97 teaching collaborators and 70 not associated with teaching)...
February 1, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156629/a-whole-greater-than-the-sum-of-the-parts-close-collaboration-between-palliative-care-and-clinical-ethics
#20
(no author information available yet)
: 53 Background: The disciplines of palliative care (PC) and clinical ethics (CE) share common content but also important distinctions in method, skill set, and clinical role in a given patient encounter. Particularly in cases of advance care planning, complex decision-making, and clarifying goals oncology teams may be challenged to know which consultation service to involve. METHODS: Case report and commentary. RESULTS: A 60 year-old man with a 3-year history of glioblastoma multiforme presented with sudden onset right-sided weakness and altered mental status...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
73507
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"