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embolism postpartum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107951/the-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-on-blood-loss-and-maternal-outcome-in-the-treatment-of-persistent-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Ada Gillissen, Dacia D C A Henriquez, Thomas van den Akker, Camila Caram-Deelder, Merlijn Wind, Joost J Zwart, Jos van Roosmalen, Jeroen Eikenboom, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Johanna G van der Bom
BACKGROUND: Recent results show a protective effect of tranexamic acid on death due to bleeding in patients with postpartum hemorrhage in low- and middle-resource countries. We quantify the association between early administration of tranexamic acid compared to late or no administration and severe acute maternal morbidity and blood loss among women suffering from persistent severe postpartum hemorrhage in a high-income country. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a nationwide retrospective cohort study in 61 hospitals in the Netherlands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106356/cell-salvage-for-postpartum-haemorrhage-during-vaginal-delivery-a-case-series
#2
Grace Lim, Eleni Kotsis, Jamie M Zorn, Patricia L Dalby, Catherine J Ralph, Jonathan H Waters
BACKGROUND: The safety and effectiveness of cell salvage for vaginal delivery is unknown. This case series aimed to assess the utility and adverse events related to the use of cell salvage for maternal haemorrhage during vaginal delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study design was chosen, focused on postpartum haemorrhages that occurred after vaginal delivery for which cell salvage equipment was requested to be set up in the labour and delivery room outside of a sterile operating room environment...
September 29, 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065701/postpartum-hemorrhage-from-non-uterine-arteries-clinical-importance-of-their-detection-and-the-results-of-selective-embolization
#3
Jeong-Eun Kim, Young Ho So, Byoung Jae Kim, Sun Min Kim, Young Ho Choi, Chang Kyu Sung
Background Identification of the source of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is important for embolization because PPH frequently originates from non-uterine arteries. Purpose To evaluate the clinical importance of identifying the non-uterine arteries causing the PPH and the results of their selective embolization. Material and Methods This retrospective study enrolled 59 patients who underwent embolization for PPH from June 2009 to July 2016. Angiographic findings and medical records were reviewed to determine whether non-uterine arteries contributed to PPH...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056469/intrauterine-bakri-balloon-and-vaginal-tamponade-combined-with-abdominal-compression-for-the-management-of-postpartum-hemorrhage
#4
Yuna Guo, Renyi Hua, Shoufang Bian, Xianjing Xie, Jue Ma, Yanqin Cai, Suren R Sooranna, Weiwei Cheng
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate the effect of Bakri balloon use and vaginal tamponade combined with abdominal compression for the management of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed cases of PPH in the International Peace Maternal and Child Health Hospital of China Welfare Institution in Shanghai, China from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015. A single use of the intrauterine Bakri balloon was applied in some cases, and additional vaginal tamponade combined with abdominal compression (double compression) was applied in other cases...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992892/obstetric-risk-factors-for-depression-during-the-postpartum-period-in-south-korea-a-nationwide-study
#5
HyunChul Youn, Suji Lee, Sung Won Han, Log Young Kim, Tae-Seon Lee, Min-Jeong Oh, Hyun-Ghang Jeong, Geum Joon Cho
OBJECTIVE: Postpartum depression is related to many adverse effects in both mothers and their children; therefore, proper screening and early interventions are needed. This study aims to identify the risk factors of postpartum depression. Our primary focus is on obstetric risk factors. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study which we extracted the data of women who gave birth between January 1st, 2010 and December 31st, 2012 from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment service (HIRA) database...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989925/genital-tract-cavernous-hemangioma-as-a-rare-cause-of-postpartum-hemorrhage
#6
Bo Ram Yu, Ga Eul Lee, Dong Hyu Cho, Young Ju Jeong, Jeong Heon Lee
Cavernous hemangiomas rarely involve the female genital tract. It is difficult to identify vascular malformations when these lesions are concealed in the vagina or deep vulva area. We present a rare case of vaginal cavernous hemangioma in a 30-year-old primiparous woman with an early severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and delayed continuous bleeding from the episiotomy site. She was treated successfully with transarterial embolization of the left vaginal artery. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of PPH caused by rupture of a vaginal hemangioma during vaginal delivery in English literature...
September 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971803/perioperative-risk-factors-for-postpartum-pulmonary-embolism-in-taiwanese-cesarean-section-women
#7
Hao-Chin Wang, Pei-Shan Tsai, Kuang-Yao Li, Yen-Chun Fan, Chun-Jen Huang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perioperative risk factors for predicting postpartum pulmonary embolism (PE) in Taiwanese women with Cesarean section (CS) delivery. METHODS: Data from Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database were analyzed. All CS women (2002-2007) in Taiwan, according to Diagnosis-Related Group codes, were included. Women having postpartum PE were identified by the diagnosis codes of PE from the medical records within 40 days after CS. Risk factors were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression...
June 2017: Asian J Anesthesiol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965438/postpartum-hemorrhage-with-pelvic-arterial-embolization-study-of-33-cases
#8
Alejandra Aguilar-Crespo, José Morales-Roselló, Carlos Sánchez-Ajenjo, Ana Valle-Tejero, Raúl García-Marcos, Alfredo Perales-Marín
OBJECTIVE: To describe our cases of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) with pelvic arterial embolization (PAE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with PPH who underwent PAE in our center in the interval 2011-1016 were retrospectively studied, evaluating the technical procedure, clinical results, and subsequent fertility. RESULTS: There were 33 cases of PPH with PAE. The majority occurred in primiparous women (N = 22, 66.6%) who delivered vaginally (N = 20, 61%)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954835/retrospective-uk-multicentre-study-of-the-pregnancy-outcomes-of-women-with-a-fontan-repair
#9
Matthew Cauldwell, Philip J Steer, Samantha Bonner, Omar Asghar, Lorna Swan, Kenneth Hodson, Catherine E G Head, Adam Daniel Jakes, Nicola Walker, Margaret Simpson, Aidan P Bolger, Farah Siddiqui, Katherine M English, Lucy Maudlin, Dilip Abraham, Andrew J Sands, Aarthi R Mohan, Stephanie L Curtis, Louise Coats, Mark R Johnson
BACKGROUND: The population of women of childbearing age palliated with a Fontan repair is increasing. The aim of this study was to describe the progress of pregnancy and its outcome in a cohort of patients with a Fontan circulation in the UK. METHODS: A retrospective study of women with a Fontan circulation delivering between January 2005 and November 2016 in 10 specialist adult congenital heart disease centres in the UK. RESULTS: 50 women had 124 pregnancies, resulting in 68 (54...
September 27, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934836/pregnancy-in-women-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-data-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology-initiated-registry-of-pregnancy-and-cardiac-disease-ropac
#10
S Goland, I M van Hagen, G Elbaz-Greener, U Elkayam, A Shotan, W M Merz, S C Enar, I R Gaisin, P G Pieper, M R Johnson, R Hall, A Blatt, J W Roos-Hesselink
Aims: We report the maternal and foetal outcomes at birth and after 6 months in a cohort of pregnant women with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Although most women with HCM tolerate pregnancy well, there is an increased risk of obstetric and cardiovascular complications. Methods and results: All pregnant women with HCM entered into the prospective worldwide Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac disease (ROPAC) were included in this analysis. The primary endpoint was a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), which included death, heart failure (HF), thrombo-embolic event, and arrhythmia...
September 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930860/preoperative-infrarenal-abdominal-aorta-balloon-catheter-occlusion-combined-with-bakri-tamponade-reduced-maternal-morbidity-of-placenta-increta-percreta
#11
Chanjuan Zeng, Mengyuan Yang, Yiling Ding, Ling Yu, Wen Deng, Yu Hu, Xiujuan Gong
BACKGROUND: Placenta increta/percreta is an increasingly common and life-threatening obstetric complication. It poses a management challenge to clinicians. The present study aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of preoperative placement of infrarenal abdominal aorta balloon catheter (IAABC) alone or combined with Bakri tamponade for the management of cases with placenta increta/percreta. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all cases with placenta increta/percreta at a tertiary referral teaching hospital in China between the year 2014 and 2017...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913590/challenges-of-anticoagulation-therapy-in-pregnancy
#12
REVIEW
Annemarie E Fogerty
Thrombotic complications in pregnancy represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy is a primary hypercoagulable state due to enhanced production of clotting factors, a decrease in protein S activity, and inhibition of fibrinolysis. These physiologic changes will yield a collective rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) of about 1-2 in 1000 pregnancies for the general obstetric population, which represents a five- to tenfold increased risk in pregnancy compared to age-matched non-pregnant peers...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892982/comparison-of-the-different-definition-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-amniotic-fluid-embolism
#13
Hiroshi Kobayashi, Juria Akasaka, Katsuhiko Naruse, Toshiyuki Sado, Taihei Tsunemi, Emiko Niiro, Kana Iwai
INTRODUCTION: There are several sets of criteria for the diagnosis of Amniotic Fluid Embolism (AFE), but little is known about their degree of agreement. AIM: To evaluate the concordance of the Japan criteria for AFE in comparison with two definitions: the US AFE registration entry criteria (the US criteria) and UK Obstetric Surveillance System criteria for defining cases of amniotic fluid embolism (the UK criteria). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in which the AFE cases registered in the Obstetrical Gynaecological Society of Kinki District in Japan for the period of April 2005 to December 2012 have been analysed by the expert steering obstetric committee, organized by the members of the Obstetric Research group...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833082/use-of-bulldog-vascular-clamps-to-reduce-intraoperative-bleeding-during-cesarean-hysterectomy-for-placenta-percreta
#14
Polat Dursun
Postpartum hemorrhage causes 25% of all maternal deaths worldwide and is the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality following vaginal or caesarean delivery. Every year, postpartum hemorrhage is estimated to cause approximately 125 000 maternal deaths and is associated with morbidity among 20 million women. It is caused by several obstetric conditions, including uterine atony and placental problems such as placenta accreta spectrum disorders, trauma, and lacerations. Several techniques are known to prevent postpartum hemorrhage, including uterine cavity tamponade, uterine artery ligation, uterine artery embolization, pre-cesarean prophylactic balloon catheterization, uterine compression sutures, hypogastric artery ligation, and hysterectomy...
August 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805614/pregnancy-with-asymptomatic-uterine-complete-rupture-after-uterine-artery-embolization-for-postpartum-hemorrhage
#15
Hiroaki Soyama, Morikazu Miyamoto, Hidenori Sasa, Hiroki Ishibashi, Masashi Takano, Kenichi Furuya
OBJECTIVE: Uterine artery embolization has become an effective treatment for postpartum hemorrhage. The safety of pregnancy after uterine artery embolization for postpartum hemorrhage has been established. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a pregnant woman with asymptomatic uterine complete rupture who underwent uterine artery embolization for a previous placenta previa. She had not been diagnosed with uterine rupture until cesarean section was performed, and fortunately, we obtained the best maternal and neonatal outcomes...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805341/treatment-options-for-severe-pulmonary-embolism-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period-a-systematic-review
#16
G Martillotti, F Boehlen, H Robert-Ebadi, N Jastrow, M Righini, M Blondon
Essentials The evidence on how to manage life-threatening pregnancy-related pulmonary embolism (PE) is scarce. We systematically reviewed all available cases of (sub)massive PE until December 2016. Thrombolysis in such severe PE was associated with a high maternal survival (94%). The major bleeding risk was much greater in the postpartum (58%) than antepartum period (18%). SUMMARY: Background Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) during pregnancy or the postpartum period is a rare but dramatic event...
October 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800668/-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-risk-stratification-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-pregnancy-and-the-puerperium
#17
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Georg-Friedrich von Tempelhoff, Werner Rath
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a leading cause of direct maternal deaths in the developed countries. The incidence of VTE has increased significantly during the past two decades. The absolute risk of VTE is estimated 0.6-2.2 per 1000 deliveries. Compared with age-matched non-pregnant women, the daily risk of VTE is increased 7- to 10-fold for antepartum VTE, but it is 15- to 35-fold for postpartum VTE. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during the first 6 weeks postpartum is nearly 15-fold higher compared to the incidence in pregnancy, and remains significantly increased up to 12 weeks postpartum...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796427/epidemiology-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#18
C Danwang, M N Temgoua, V N Agbor, A T Tankeu, J J Noubiap
Essentials Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is among the three main causes of cardiovascular disease worldwide. This review is the first to summarize the epidemiology of VTE in African populations. The prevalence of VTE in Africa is high following surgery, in pregnancy and post-partum. At least one quarter of patients at risk of VTE in Africa are not receiving prophylaxis. SUMMARY: Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is among the three leading causes of cardiovascular disease worldwide...
September 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790551/bilateral-subcapital-femoral-neck-fracture-in-a-28-year-old-postpartum-woman
#19
Miroslav Kezunovic, Nikola Bulatovic, Vojin Kadic
INTRODUCTION: Subcapital femoral neck fractures are associated with high morbidity and mortality. These fractures mostly occur as a result of a high-force impact from traffic accidents and a fall from a great height, though non-traumatic forms are described in transient osteoporosis during the second half of pregnancy, in convulsions during electric shock, eclampsia, hypocalcemia, osteomalacia, renal osteodystrophy and myeloma. CASE REPORT: In this report we present a bilateral subcapital femoral neck fracture in a woman sustained two days after delivery...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756581/predelivery-uterine-arteries-embolization-in-patients-affected-by-placental-implant-anomalies
#20
Francesco Giurazza, Giuseppe Albano, Liliana Valentino, Emiliano Schena, Tiziana Capussela, Maria Antonella Di Pasquale, Francesco Di Pietto, Rosaria De Ritis, Gennaro Nasti, Giuseppe Scognamiglio, Raffaella Niola
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to report on a single center experience of managing patients affected by placenta previa major and/or accretism by embolizing uterine arteries immediately before the cesarean delivery to reduce blood loss and secondary the rate of hysterectomies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients have been prospectively enrolled. Inclusion criteria were radiological diagnosis of placenta anomalies and risk factors for peri/postpartum hemorrhage...
July 29, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
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