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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934836/pregnancy-in-women-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-data-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology-initiated-registry-of-pregnancy-and-cardiac-disease-ropac
#1
S Goland, I M van Hagen, G Elbaz-Greener, U Elkayam, A Shotan, W M Merz, S C Enar, I R Gaisin, P G Pieper, M R Johnson, R Hall, A Blatt, J W Roos-Hesselink
Aims: We report the maternal and foetal outcomes at birth and after 6 months in a cohort of pregnant women with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Although most women with HCM tolerate pregnancy well, there is an increased risk of obstetric and cardiovascular complications. Methods and results: All pregnant women with HCM entered into the prospective worldwide Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac disease (ROPAC) were included in this analysis. The primary endpoint was a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), which included death, heart failure (HF), thrombo-embolic event, and arrhythmia...
September 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930860/preoperative-infrarenal-abdominal-aorta-balloon-catheter-occlusion-combined-with-bakri-tamponade-reduced-maternal-morbidity-of-placenta-increta-percreta
#2
Chanjuan Zeng, Mengyuan Yang, Yiling Ding, Ling Yu, Wen Deng, Yu Hu, Xiujuan Gong
BACKGROUND: Placenta increta/percreta is an increasingly common and life-threatening obstetric complication. It poses a management challenge to clinicians. The present study aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of preoperative placement of infrarenal abdominal aorta balloon catheter (IAABC) alone or combined with Bakri tamponade for the management of cases with placenta increta/percreta. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all cases with placenta increta/percreta at a tertiary referral teaching hospital in China between the year 2014 and 2017...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913590/challenges-of-anticoagulation-therapy-in-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Annemarie E Fogerty
Thrombotic complications in pregnancy represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy is a primary hypercoagulable state due to enhanced production of clotting factors, a decrease in protein S activity, and inhibition of fibrinolysis. These physiologic changes will yield a collective rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) of about 1-2 in 1000 pregnancies for the general obstetric population, which represents a five- to tenfold increased risk in pregnancy compared to age-matched non-pregnant peers...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892982/comparison-of-the-different-definition-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-amniotic-fluid-embolism
#4
Hiroshi Kobayashi, Juria Akasaka, Katsuhiko Naruse, Toshiyuki Sado, Taihei Tsunemi, Emiko Niiro, Kana Iwai
INTRODUCTION: There are several sets of criteria for the diagnosis of Amniotic Fluid Embolism (AFE), but little is known about their degree of agreement. AIM: To evaluate the concordance of the Japan criteria for AFE in comparison with two definitions: the US AFE registration entry criteria (the US criteria) and UK Obstetric Surveillance System criteria for defining cases of amniotic fluid embolism (the UK criteria). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in which the AFE cases registered in the Obstetrical Gynaecological Society of Kinki District in Japan for the period of April 2005 to December 2012 have been analysed by the expert steering obstetric committee, organized by the members of the Obstetric Research group...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833082/use-of-bulldog-vascular-clamps-to-reduce-intraoperative-bleeding-during-cesarean-hysterectomy-for-placenta-percreta
#5
Polat Dursun
Postpartum hemorrhage causes 25% of all maternal deaths worldwide and is the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality following vaginal or caesarean delivery. Every year, postpartum hemorrhage is estimated to cause approximately 125 000 maternal deaths and is associated with morbidity among 20 million women. It is caused by several obstetric conditions, including uterine atony and placental problems such as placenta accreta spectrum disorders, trauma, and lacerations. Several techniques are known to prevent postpartum hemorrhage, including uterine cavity tamponade, uterine artery ligation, uterine artery embolization, pre-cesarean prophylactic balloon catheterization, uterine compression sutures, hypogastric artery ligation, and hysterectomy...
August 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805614/pregnancy-with-asymptomatic-uterine-complete-rupture-after-uterine-artery-embolization-for-postpartum-hemorrhage
#6
Hiroaki Soyama, Morikazu Miyamoto, Hidenori Sasa, Hiroki Ishibashi, Masashi Takano, Kenichi Furuya
OBJECTIVE: Uterine artery embolization has become an effective treatment for postpartum hemorrhage. The safety of pregnancy after uterine artery embolization for postpartum hemorrhage has been established. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a pregnant woman with asymptomatic uterine complete rupture who underwent uterine artery embolization for a previous placenta previa. She had not been diagnosed with uterine rupture until cesarean section was performed, and fortunately, we obtained the best maternal and neonatal outcomes...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805341/treatment-options-for-severe-pulmonary-embolism-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period-a-systematic-review
#7
G Martillotti, F Boehlen, H Robert-Ebadi, N Jastrow, M Righini, M Blondon
Essentials The evidence on how to manage life-threatening pregnancy-related pulmonary embolism (PE) is scarce. We systematically reviewed all available cases of (sub)massive PE until December 2016. Thrombolysis in such severe PE was associated with a high maternal survival (94%). The major bleeding risk was much greater in the postpartum (58%) than antepartum period (18%). SUMMARY: Background Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) during pregnancy or the postpartum period is a rare but dramatic event...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800668/-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-risk-stratification-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-pregnancy-and-the-puerperium
#8
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Georg-Friedrich von Tempelhoff, Werner Rath
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a leading cause of direct maternal deaths in the developed countries. The incidence of VTE has increased significantly during the past two decades. The absolute risk of VTE is estimated 0.6-2.2 per 1000 deliveries. Compared with age-matched non-pregnant women, the daily risk of VTE is increased 7- to 10-fold for antepartum VTE, but it is 15- to 35-fold for postpartum VTE. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during the first 6 weeks postpartum is nearly 15-fold higher compared to the incidence in pregnancy, and remains significantly increased up to 12 weeks postpartum...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796427/epidemiology-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#9
C Danwang, M N Temgoua, V N Agbor, A T Tankeu, J J Noubiap
Essentials Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is among the three main causes of cardiovascular disease worldwide. This review is the first to summarize the epidemiology of VTE in African populations. The prevalence of VTE in Africa is high following surgery, in pregnancy and post-partum. At least one quarter of patients at risk of VTE in Africa are not receiving prophylaxis. SUMMARY: Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is among the three leading causes of cardiovascular disease worldwide...
September 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790551/bilateral-subcapital-femoral-neck-fracture-in-a-28-year-old-postpartum-woman
#10
Miroslav Kezunovic, Nikola Bulatovic, Vojin Kadic
INTRODUCTION: Subcapital femoral neck fractures are associated with high morbidity and mortality. These fractures mostly occur as a result of a high-force impact from traffic accidents and a fall from a great height, though non-traumatic forms are described in transient osteoporosis during the second half of pregnancy, in convulsions during electric shock, eclampsia, hypocalcemia, osteomalacia, renal osteodystrophy and myeloma. CASE REPORT: In this report we present a bilateral subcapital femoral neck fracture in a woman sustained two days after delivery...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756581/predelivery-uterine-arteries-embolization-in-patients-affected-by-placental-implant-anomalies
#11
Francesco Giurazza, Giuseppe Albano, Liliana Valentino, Emiliano Schena, Tiziana Capussela, Maria Antonella Di Pasquale, Francesco Di Pietto, Rosaria De Ritis, Gennaro Nasti, Giuseppe Scognamiglio, Raffaella Niola
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to report on a single center experience of managing patients affected by placenta previa major and/or accretism by embolizing uterine arteries immediately before the cesarean delivery to reduce blood loss and secondary the rate of hysterectomies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients have been prospectively enrolled. Inclusion criteria were radiological diagnosis of placenta anomalies and risk factors for peri/postpartum hemorrhage...
July 29, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755459/defining-definitions-a-delphi-study-to-develop-a-core-outcome-set-for-conditions-of-severe-maternal-morbidity
#12
T Schaap, K Bloemenkamp, C Deneux-Tharaux, M Knight, J Langhoff-Roos, E Sullivan, T van den Akker
OBJECTIVE: Develop a core outcome set of international consensus definitions for severe maternal morbidities. DESIGN: Electronic Delphi study. SETTING: International. POPULATION: Eight expert panels. METHODS: All 13 high-income countries represented in the International Network of Obstetric Surveillance Systems (INOSS) nominated five experts per condition of morbidity, who submitted possible definitions...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696852/imaging-of-pregnancy-related-vascular-complications
#13
R Scooter Plowman, Cylen Javidan-Nejad, Constantine A Raptis, Douglas S Katz, Vincent M Mellnick, Sanjeev Bhalla, Patricia Cornejo, Christine O Menias
Pregnancy results in substantial hemodynamic and prothrombotic changes that form the foundation for downstream vascular complications, both during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. In addition, several important risk factors, including older patient age, diabetes, and smoking, can increase the risk for vascular-related pregnancy complications. Because radiologists often play an important role in evaluation of the pregnant patient, understanding the pathophysiology of vascular-related complications in pregnancy and their imaging appearances is essential for diagnostic accuracy...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678042/consensus-derived-clinical-decision-rules-to-guide-advanced-imaging-decisions-for-pulmonary-embolism-in-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#14
Gordon W Fuller, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Beverley J Hunt, Fiona E Lecky, Steve Thomas, Kimberley Horspool, Steve Goodacre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615049/a-case-of-acute-sheehan-s-syndrome-and-literature-review-a-rare-but-life-threatening-complication-of-postpartum-hemorrhage
#15
Shinya Matsuzaki, Masayuki Endo, Yutaka Ueda, Kazuya Mimura, Aiko Kakigano, Tomomi Egawa-Takata, Keiichi Kumasawa, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Tadashi Kimura
BACKGROUND: Sheehan's syndrome occurs because of severe postpartum hemorrhage causing ischemic pituitary necrosis. Sheehan's syndrome is a well-known condition that is generally diagnosed several years postpartum. However, acute Sheehan's syndrome is rare, and clinicians have little exposure to it. It can be life-threatening. There have been no reviews of acute Sheehan's syndrome and no reports of successful pregnancies after acute Sheehan's syndrome. We present such a case, and to understand this rare condition, we have reviewed and discussed the literature pertaining to it...
June 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570643/maternal-outcome-after-abdominal-packing-for-uncontrolled-postpartum-hemorrhage-despite-peripartum-hysterectomy
#16
Xavier Deffieux, Marie Vinchant, Ingrid Wigniolle, François Goffinet, Loïc Sentilhes
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal packing is a possible option for persistent bleeding following hysterectomy for postpartum hemorrhage. However, to date, only very limited data about maternal outcome after intra-abdominal packing for surgically uncontrolled hemorrhage following hysterectomy are available. The objective of the current study was to estimate maternal outcome after intra-abdominal packing following unsuccessful peripartum hysterectomy for postpartum hemorrhage. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to all maternity units performing more than 850 deliveries per year...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561253/obstetric-disorders-in-the-icu
#17
Daniela N Vasquez, Lauren Plante, María N Basualdo, Gustavo G Plotnikow
Pregnant and postpartum patients represent a challenge to critical care physicians, as two patients in one have to be cared for and because specific obstetric disorders, not universally covered in formal critical care training, need to be managed. Pregnancy also alters physiologic norms, so that the critical care physician may either fail to recognize a value as abnormal in pregnancy or mistakenly identify as abnormal a value within the normal range for a pregnant woman. In this article, we will review the most frequent obstetric causes of admission of pregnant/postpartum patients to the intensive care unit (hypertensive disease of pregnancy, obstetric hemorrhage, and obstetric sepsis) along with their diagnostic criteria, clinical presentation, and recommended treatment...
April 2017: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561251/management-of-acute-respiratory-failure-in-pregnancy
#18
Stephen E Lapinsky
Respiratory failure affects up to 1 in 500 pregnancies, more commonly in the postpartum period. The causes of respiratory failure include several pregnancy-specific conditions such as preeclampsia, amniotic fluid embolism, and peripartum cardiomyopathy. Pregnancy may also increase the risk or severity of other conditions, such as asthma, thromboembolism, viral pneumonitis, and gastric acid aspiration. Changes to maternal respiratory physiology and the presence of a fetus may affect the assessment and management of these patients...
April 2017: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548570/embolic-mycotic-encephalitis-in-a-cow-following-mortierella-wolfii-infection-of-a-surgery-site
#19
Benjamin Curtis, Charlotte Hollinger, Ailam Lim, Matti Kiupel
A 5-y-old Holstein dairy cow had surgery for a suspected displaced abomasum 10 d postpartum, developed acute neurologic signs at day 19, and was found dead 21 d postpartum. At autopsy, there was a peri-incisional intramuscular abscess that communicated with the peritoneal cavity, as well as hemorrhage and malacia involving the brain, and multiple nodules in the liver, kidneys, and lungs. Fungal hyphae were seen histologically at the surgery site, on the surface of the liver, and in lesions of severe necrotizing vasculitis in the lungs, kidneys, brain, and liver...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534017/delayed-postpartum-hemoperitoneum-due-to-uterine-artery-pseudoaneurysm-rupture
#20
Kyu-Sang Kyeong, Ji-Yeon Moon, Song-Hwa Chae, Seung Hwa Hong, Minho Kang, Eun-Hwan Jeong
A 30-year-old woman experienced severe abdominal pain 8 days after vaginal delivery. The patient was diagnosed with hemoperitoneum due to rupture of the left uterine artery pseudoaneurysm, which was confirmed via ultrasound with color Doppler and computed tomography scans. This patient was treated with bilateral uterine artery embolization to maintain fertility. A uterine artery pseudoaneurysm that causes delayed postpartum hemorrhage can occur after cesarean section or vaginal delivery. A uterine artery pseudoaneurysm can be fatal, so its detection and diagnosis are critical...
May 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
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