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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735192/nozzle-jet-printed-flexible-field-effect-transistor-biosensor-for-high-performance-glucose-detection
#1
Kiesar Sideeq Bhat, Rafiq Ahmad, Jin-Young Yoo, Yoon-Bong Hahn
Printable electronics is a subject of great interest for low-cost, facile and environmentally-friendly large scale device production. But, it still remains challenging for printable biosensor development. Herein, we present the fabrication of nozzle-jet printed flexible field-effect transistor (FET) glucose biosensor. The silver source-drain electrodes and ZnO seed layers were printed on flexible substrate by nozzle-jet printer followed by ZnO nanorods (ZnO NRs) synthesis and glucose oxidase (GOx) immobilization...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734794/botulinum-toxin-a-is-effective-to-treat-tension-type-headache-caused-by-hemifacial-spasm
#2
Atsushi Mizuma, Eiichiro Nagata, Takashi Yasuda, Maiko Kouchi, Taira Nakayama, Kazunari Honma, Kentaro Tokuoka, Yasuhisa Kitagawa, Shigeru Nogawa, Shunya Takizawa
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between hemifacial spasm (HFS; a form of cranio-cervical dystonia) and chronic primary headache, including tension-type headache (TTH). We also examined whether botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) therapy for HFS ameliorates concomitant TTH. METHODS: Fifty-one HFS patients receiving BoNT/A therapy were recruited. Patients' characteristics (including age, gender, chronic headache history, exercise habits, stiff neck, cervical spondylolysis history), stress factors, worsening/new onset of headache associated with HFS, and dose of BoNT/A were examined...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733841/analgosedation-of-adult-patients-with-elevated-intracranial-pressure-survey-of-current-clinical-practice-in-austria
#3
Guenther Herzer, Claudia Mirth, Udo M Illievich, Wolfgang G Voelckel, Helmut Trimmel
BACKGROUND: Analgesia and sedation are key items in intensive care. Recently published S3 guidelines specifically address treatment of patients with elevated intracranial pressure. METHODS: The Austrian Society of Anesthesiology, Resuscitation and Intensive Care Medicine carried out an online survey of neurointensive care units in Austria in order to evaluate the current state of practice in the areas of analgosedation and delirium management in this high-risk patient group...
July 21, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731959/efficacy-of-intra-articular-botulinum-toxin-in-osteo-articular-joint-pain-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Mathilde Courseau, Pascale Vergne Salle, Danièle Ranoux, Anais de Pouilly Lachatre
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of intra-articular injections of botulinum toxin A (BT-A) into the painful joint diseases through a systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis of controlled randomized trials. Indeed, intra articular therapies (corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid) have limited efficacy and run a risk of toxicity in patients with joint pain. New therapeutic options are needed to treat painful osteo-articular disease. METHODS: We searched via Pubmed, ACR and EULAR congresses and grey literature for the studies reported until June 2016 and addressing the issue of BT intra articular injections in patients with refractory joint pain...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730147/correlation-between-pain-and-degenerative-bony-changes-on-cone-beam-computed-tomography-images-of-temporomandibular-joints
#5
SunMee Bae, Moon-Soo Park, Jin-Woo Han, Young-Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess correlation between pain and degenerative bony changes on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of temporomandibular joints (TMJs). METHODS: Two hundred eighty-three temporomandibular joints with degenerative bony changes were evaluated. Pain intensity (numeric rating scale, NRS) and pain duration in patients with degenerative joint disease (DJD) were also analyzed. We classified condylar bony changes on CBCT into five types: osteophyte (Osp), erosion (Ero), flattening (Fla), subchondral sclerosis (Scl), and pseudocyst (Pse)...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728205/-predictability-of-postoperative-pain-and-satisfaction-how-precise-are-we-and-what-is-the-role-of-professional-experience
#6
Ulf Krister Hofmann, Cosima Dobler, Marco Gesicki, Torsten Kluba, Sebastian Scheidt
Background The indication for surgery is justified by an expected improvement for the patient. To evaluate the probability and extent of individual postoperative patient benefit, the surgeon needs to elaborate numerous parameters of potential relevance for the outcome beyond his key competence, that is the technical dimension of the operation. Despite the highest medical standards, individual postoperative satisfaction with surgery is highly variable, even in cases with a technically good result. The aim of the present study was to investigate the individual predictability of postoperative pain and satisfaction in patients with elective musculoskeletal surgery...
July 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727702/subcutaneous-injection-of-triamcinolone-and-lidocaine-to-prevent-postherpetic-neuralgia
#7
Jiaxiang Ni, Xiaoping Wang, Yuanzhang Tang, Liqiang Yang, Yuanjie Zeng, Yuna Guo
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is associated with inflammation of the peripheral nerves, which is considered to be an important cause of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Interventions aimed at reducing this inflammation could prevent PHN. One option is the epidural administration of corticosteroid and local anesthetic. However, several authors have reported a risk of arachnoiditis with epidural corticosteroids. Subcutaneous injection in an outpatient setting is a safer option. However, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of this alternative for preventing PHN...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725347/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-in-neck-pain-patients-depending-on-the-sex-of-the-chiropractor-a-prospective-outcome-study
#8
Janine Thöni, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The high percentage of female chiropractic students in Switzerland suggests a future sex shift in the chiropractic profession in Switzerland. Thus the purpose of this study is to determine if male and female chiropractors achieve the same treatment outcomes in neck pain patients. METHODS: Included in this prospective outcomes study were 849 patients with neck pain of any duration. Prior to the first treatment, baseline demographic data, the Bournemouth Questionnaire (BQ) and the numerical rating scale (NRS) for neck and arm pain were completed...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723795/comparison-of-postoperative-pain-between-laparoscopic-and-robot-assisted-partial-nephrectomies-for-renal-tumors-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#9
Seok-Joon Jin, Jun-Young Park, Doo-Hwan Kim, Syn-Hae Yoon, Eunkyul Kim, Jai-Hyun Hwang, Cheryn Song, Young-Kug Kim
Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) has emerged as an alternative to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) for removal of renal tumors. Several advantages of robotic surgery have been reported, but there is no comparative study on postoperative pain between the 2 techniques. Therefore, we compared the postoperative numerical rating scale (NRS) of pain intensity between patients who underwent LPN and those who underwent RAPN.We included 705 patients who underwent either LPN (n = 200) or RAPN (n = 505) for renal tumors between January 2000 and September 2016...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722339/structured-pain-management-reduces-patient-discomfort-after-catheter-ablation-and-rhythm-device-surgery
#10
M Dörschner, A Bollmann, B Dinov, S Richter, M Döring, A Arya, A Müssigbrodt, S Kircher, N Dagres, P Sommer, G Hindricks, K Bode
BACKGROUND: The goal was to test the effectiveness of a structured pain management programme after invasive electrophysiological interventions in cardiology including ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) or ventricular tachycardia (VT) and implantation, or explantation, of pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators. METHODS: This was a prospective study with a pre-/post-design where a post-intervention group (116 consecutive patients) was compared to a pre-intervention group (102 consecutive patients) after implementation of a structured pain-management programme using the numeric rating scale (NRS 0-10) and classified as moderate-to-severe if NRS > 3...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717804/relationship-between-total-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-self-reported-knee-pain-in-older-adults
#11
H S Han, C B Chang, D-C Lee, J-Y Lee
OBJECTIVES: Knee pain is one of the most common symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA) that affects the quality of life in the older adults, and identifying the contributing factors of knee pain is important. We hypothesized that higher fruit and vegetable consumption might be associated with the severity of knee pain lower prevalence of severe knee pain by affecting pain perception in the knee joint. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between self-reported knee pain and the consumption of fruits vegetables, carotenoids and vitamin C and self-reported knee pain...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716279/the-initial-time-course-of-headache-in-patients-with-spontaneous-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#12
Hata Čomić, Gabriel J E Rinkel, Mervyn D I Vergouwen
BACKGROUND: If acute severe headache disappears early after its onset, the question arises whether subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) should still be ruled out. We studied the initial time-course and minimal duration of headache in a consecutive series of neurologically intact patients with spontaneous SAH. METHODS: We included patients admitted between 2012 and 2015 within 48h after spontaneous SAH with a normal level of consciousness and no focal deficits. We retrieved data on headache severity, measured with a Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), <48h after ictus...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714667/highly-concentrated-seed-mediated-synthesis-of-monodispersed-gold-nanorods
#13
Kyoungweon Park, Ming-Siao Hsiao, Yoon-Jae Yi, Sarah Izor, Hilmar Koerner, Ali Jawaid, Richard A Vaia
The extremely large optical extinction coefficient of gold nanorods (AuNRs) enables their use in a diverse array of technologies, ranging from plasmonic imaging, therapeutics and sensors, to large area coatings, filters and optical attenuators. Development of the latter technologies has been hindered by the lack of cost effective, large volume production. This is due in part to the low reactant concentration required for symmetry breaking in conventional seed-mediated synthesis. Direct scale up of laboratory procedures has limited viability due to excessive solvent volume, exhaustive post-synthesis purification processes, and the generation of large amounts of waste (e...
July 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714533/multicenter-retrospective-study-of-neurostimulation-with-exit-of-therapy-by-explant
#14
Jason E Pope, Timothy R Deer, Steven Falowski, David Provenzano, Michael Hanes, Salim M Hayek, Jacob Amrani, Jonathan Carlson, Ioannis Skaribas, Kris Parchuri, W Porter McRoberts, Robert Bolash, Nameer Haider, Maged Hamza, Kasra Amirdelfan, Sean Graham, Corey Hunter, Eric Lee, Sean Li, Michael Yang, Lucas Campos, Shrif Costandi, Robert Levy, Nagy Mekhail
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) devices are cost effective and improve function as well as quality of life. Despite the demonstrated benefits of SCS, some patients have the device explanted. We are interested in exploring the patient characteristics of those explanted. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of neurostimulation patients who underwent explantation at 18 centers across the United States within the previous five years. RESULTS: Data from 352 patients were collected and compiled...
July 17, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711635/a-new-pupillary-measure-to-assess-pain-a-prospective-study
#15
David J Charier, Daniel Zantour, Vincent Pichot, Florian Chouchou, Jean-Claude M Barthelemy, Frederic Roche, Serge B Molliex
Pupillary diameter (PD) varies under the influence of both the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems, increasing proportionally to pain intensity. Such variations however should not be confused with pupillary fluctuations, which refer to the fast and permanent PD fluctuations induced by the ongoing interplay between the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems, which we propose to measure using the Variation Coefficient of Pupillary Diameter (VCPD). This study aimed first at correlating both PD, PD increase during a contraction, and VCPD, with pain as rated with the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) during obstetrical labor, and then at comparing such correlations with one another...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711309/influence-of-needle-bevel-design-on-injection-pain-and-needle-deformation-in-dental-local-infiltration-anaesthesia-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
M Dau, I Buttchereit, C Ganz, B Frerich, E N Anisimova, M Daubländer, P W Kämmerer
The aims of this in vivo study were to evaluate the impact of needle bevel design on patients' pain perception and the mechanical deformation of the needle tip after the injection. In a prospective single-blinded trial, 150 patients received conventional infiltration anaesthesia for dental treatment by one examiner. Patients were randomized for one out of three different needle bevel types (scalpel-designed bevel needle (SB), n=50; triple bevel needle (TB), n=50; regular bevel needle (RB), n=50). Subjects' self-reported injection pain perception was evaluated using a numeric rating scale (NRS)...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710048/long-term-results-of-deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-anterior-cingulate-cortex-for-neuropathic-pain
#17
Sandra Gj Boccard, Simon J Prangnell, Laurie Pycroft, Binith Cheeran, Liz Moir, Erlick Ac Pereira, James J Fitzgerald, Alexander L Green, Tipu Z Aziz
BACKGROUND: Deep Brain Stimulation of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex is a recent technique that has shown some promising short-term results in patients with chronic refractory neuropathic pain. Three years after the first case-series, we assessed its efficacy on a larger cohort, with longer follow-up. METHODS: 24 patients (19 males; 49.1 years) with neuropathic pain underwent bilateral ACC DBS. Patient reported outcome measures were collected pre- and post-surgery, using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Short-Form 36 quality of life (SF-36), McGill pain (MPQ) and EuroQol-5D questionnaires...
July 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709831/clinical-impact-of-joabpeq-mental-health-scores-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-analysis-using-the-neuropathic-pain-screening-tool-paindetect
#18
Akihiko Hiyama, Hiroyuki Katoh, Daisuke Sakai, Masahiro Tanaka, Masato Sato, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: In patients with low back pain (LBP) who combine psychosocial factors with clinical findings of pain, there is a possibility that the psychosocial factors modify the pain. In the current study, we investigated the relationship between the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) mental health score and the characteristics of LBP. METHODS: Of 650 patients with LBP, 319 were excluded, leaving 331 patients included in this study...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705704/effects-of-preoperative-simulation-on-minimally-invasive-hybrid-lumbar-interbody-fusion-mis-hlif
#19
Bernhard Rieger, Hongzhen Jiang, Clemens Reinshagen, Marek Molcanyi, Jozef Zivcak, Dietrich Grönemeyer, Bert Bosche, Gabriele Schackert, Daniel Ruess
OBJECTIVE: The main focus of this study was to evaluate how preoperative simulation affects the surgical workflow, radiation exposure and outcome of MIS-HLIF. METHODS: 132 patients who underwent single level MIS-HLIF were enrolled in a cohort study design. Dose area product was analyzed in addition to surgical data. Once preoperative simulation was established, 66 cases (SIM cohort) were compared with 66 patients who had previously undergone MIS-HLIF without preoperative simulation (NO-SIM cohort)...
July 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699301/prospective-evaluation-of-patient-usage-of-above-and-below-threshold-waveforms-with-traditional-spinal-cord-stimulation-devices
#20
Stephanie Owusu, Alexander Huynh, Eric Gruenthal, Julia Prusik, Stephane Owusu-Sarpong, Rasan Cherala, Sophia Peng, Julie G Pilitsis, Sarah E McCallum
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an efficacious therapy used to treat chronic pain. The type of SCS programming is important in improving patients' quality of life and overall satisfaction. In this study, 19 patients who underwent SCS with traditional devices were given between 4 and 6 programs including programs with stimulation below sensory threshold and above sensory threshold. Usage patterns and preferences were assessed. METHODS: SCS patients were given 4-6 programs, some above sensory threshold and some below threshold immediately postoperatively after permanent implantation...
July 11, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
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