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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528350/prevalence-and-impact-of-severe-fatigue-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-in-comparison-with-population-based-controls
#1
Hanneke Poort, Suzanne E J Kaal, Hans Knoop, Rosemarie Jansen, Judith B Prins, Eveliene Manten-Horst, Petra Servaes, Olga Husson, Winette T A van der Graaf
PURPOSE: The current study determined the prevalence of severe fatigue in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients (aged 18-35 years at diagnosis) consulting a multidisciplinary AYA team in comparison with gender- and age-matched population-based controls. In addition, impact of severe fatigue on quality of life and correlates of fatigue severity were examined. METHODS: AYAs with cancer (n = 83) completed questionnaires including the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS-fatigue), Quality of Life (QoL)-Cancer Survivor, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (reflecting psychological distress), and the Cancer Worry Scale (reflecting fear of cancer recurrence or progression)...
May 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528270/family-presence-during-resuscitation-a-descriptive-study-with-iranian-nurses-and-patients-family-members
#2
Mahnaz Zali, Hadi Hassankhani, Kelly A Powers, Abbas Dadashzadeh, Rouzbeh Rajaei Ghafouri
BACKGROUND: Family presence during resuscitation (FPDR) has advantages for the patients' family member to be present at the bedside. However, FPDR is not regularly practiced by nurses, especially in low to middle income countries. The purpose of this study was to determine Iranian nurses' and family members' attitudes towards FPDR. METHOD: In a descriptive study, data was collected from the random sample of 178 nurses and 136 family members in four hospitals located in Iran...
May 17, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527014/high-frequency-heart-rate-variability-reactivity-and-trait-worry-interact-to-predict-the-development-of-sleep-disturbances-in-response-to-a-naturalistic-stressor
#3
Sasha MacNeil, Sonya S Deschênes, Warren Caldwell, Melanie Brouillard, Thien-Thanh Dang-Vu, Jean-Philippe Gouin
BACKGROUND: High-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) reactivity was proposed as a vulnerability factor for stress-induced sleep disturbances. Its effect may be amplified among individuals with high trait worry or sleep reactivity. PURPOSE: This study evaluated whether HF-HRV reactivity to a worry induction, sleep reactivity, and trait worry predict increases in sleep disturbances in response to academic stress, a naturalistic stressor. METHOD: A longitudinal study following 102 undergraduate students during an academic semester with well-defined periods of lower and higher academic stress was conducted...
May 19, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526972/patient-experiences-attitudes-and-expectations-towards-receiving-information-about-anti-tnf-medication-a-quantitative-study
#4
Jon Packham, Paul Arkell, Tom Sheeran, Ann Brownfield, Anthony Cadwgan, Sarah Ryan
The objective of the study was to measure patient attitudes and experience of information received during drug counselling for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) medications. This is a cross-sectional UK postal questionnaire study. Three RA patient groups-disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) only, first anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) and failed anti-TNF-were sent postal questionnaires. Data on patient history/demographics, drug counselling experience, knowledge of drug side effects, attitudes to vaccinations, cancer screening and blood borne virus testing was collected; 264/679 (39%) patients responded (median age 65 years, 66% female, median disease duration 15 years)...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524541/-worried-about-relapse-family-members-experiences-and-perspectives-of-relapse-in-first-episode-psychosis
#5
Shalini Lal, Ashok Malla, Gina Marandola, Joanie Thériault, Phil Tibbo, Rahul Manchanda, Richard Williams, Ridha Joober, Nicola Banks
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding on the subject of relapse from the perspectives of family members of young people receiving services for a first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: A qualitative descriptive approach, using focus group methods, was used to elicit experiences, understandings, and knowledge of relapse in FEP. Family members were recruited from 4 specialized early intervention programmes for psychosis in Canada...
May 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521843/high-prevalence-of-trichomonas-gallinae-in-wild-columbids-across-western-and-southern-europe
#6
Melanie Marx, Gerald Reiner, Hermann Willems, Gregorio Rocha, Klaus Hillerich, Juan F Masello, Sylvia L Mayr, Sarah Moussa, Jenny C Dunn, Rebecca C Thomas, Simon J Goodman, Keith C Hamer, Benjamin Metzger, Jacopo G Cecere, Fernando Spina, Steffen Koschkar, Luciano Calderón, Tanja Romeike, Petra Quillfeldt
BACKGROUND: Avian trichomonosis is known as a widespread disease in columbids and passerines, and recent findings have highlighted the pathogenic character of some lineages found in wild birds. Trichomonosis can affect wild bird populations including endangered species, as has been shown for Mauritian pink pigeons Nesoenas mayeri in Mauritius and suggested for European turtle doves Streptopelia turtur in the UK. However, the disease trichomonosis is caused only by pathogenic lineages of the parasite Trichomonas gallinae...
May 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521650/-why-worry-about-something-you-can-t-control-negotiated-risk-longevity-and-health-behaviours
#7
Rebecca Llewellyn, Wayne Cunningham, Chrystal Jaye, Jessica Young, Richard Egan, Peter Radue
While we know about lay attitudes towards death and dying, we understand little about the ways people estimate their overall personal risk of life-limiting disease and/or death. This study contributes to the limited literature on lay longevity reckonings, with a particular focus on how these reckonings may influence health behaviours. Semi-structured interviews were held with 21 young older adults (54-65 years), addressing the core questions of 'What do you think you will die from, and how long do you expect to live?' Participants indicated their longevity estimation was guided by three key frameworks: family history, environment and lifestyle factors and lived experience...
May 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521069/experiences-and-expectations-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study
#8
Stina Lou, Michal Frumer, Mette M Schlütter, Olav B Petersen, Ida Vogel, Camilla P Nielsen
BACKGROUND: A dominant context for pregnant women in the Western world is medical technologies such as ultrasound and screening. It has been argued that such technologies may result in tentative pregnancies, which may be particularly prominent in the first trimester. However, little is known about how women experience early pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To explore the everyday experiences and expectations of first trimester pregnant women in a medicalized context of comprehensive and routine prenatal screening...
May 18, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521005/using-directed-acyclic-graphs-in-epidemiological-research-in-psychosis-an-analysis-of-the-role-of-bullying-in-psychosis
#9
Giusi Moffa, Gennaro Catone, Jack Kuipers, Elizabeth Kuipers, Daniel Freeman, Steven Marwaha, Belinda R Lennox, Matthew R Broome, Paul Bebbington
Modern psychiatric epidemiology researches complex interactions between multiple variables in large datasets. This creates difficulties for causal inference. We argue for the use of probabilistic models represented by directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). These capture the dependence structure of multiple variables and, used appropriately, allow more robust conclusions about the direction of causation. We analyzed British national survey data to assess putative mediators of the association between bullying victimization and persecutory ideation...
May 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516366/patient-centered-outcomes-in-food-allergy
#10
REVIEW
Brooke I Polk, Chitra Dinakar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergy prevalence is increasing very rapidly, causing a significant disease burden. The threat of severe allergic reactions occurring unexpectedly and in settings that are not equipped to recognize and treat anaphylaxis is a constant source of worry for individuals and families with food allergies. Inadequate knowledge and understanding in the community significantly impairs the overall quality of life of these individuals and families. Additionally, families face challenges in finding and affording appropriate allergen-free foods...
June 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515551/combining-metacognitive-strategies-with-traditional-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-case-illustration
#11
Paulomi M Sudhir, Systla Rukmini, Mahendra Prakash Sharma
CONTEXT: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a challenging clinical condition to manage. Recent psychological models of GAD emphasis on the need to focus on metacognitive processes in addition to symptom reduction. AIMS: We examined the application of metacognitive strategies in addition to conventional cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) techniques in an adult patient with GAD. SETTINGS AND DESIGNS: Asingle case design with pre- and post-assessments on clinician-rated scales was adopted...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515541/automaticity-of-attentional-bias-to-threat-in-high-and-low-worriers
#12
Huw Goodwin, Claire Eagleson, Andrew Mathews, Jenny Yiend, Colette Hirsch
Individuals with high levels of worry are more likely than others to attend to possible threats, although the extent of top-down attentional control processes on this bias is unknown. We compared the performance of high (n = 26) and low worriers (n = 26) on a probe discrimination task designed to assess attention to threat cues, under cognitive load or no-load conditions. The expected difference between groups was confirmed, with high worriers being more likely to attend to threat cues than low worriers...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513354/nurses-goodwill-keeping-nhs-afloat-rcn-warns
#13
Stephanie Jones-Berry
Four in five NHS nursing directors in the UK are worried that their hospitals rely on the goodwill of staff to keep services running, according to research from the RCN.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513062/what-are-the-family-needs-when-a-parent-has-mental-health-problems-evidence-from-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Patricia Wahl, Dirk Bruland, Ullrich Bauer, Orkan Okan, Albert Lenz
PROBLEM: Little evidence exists showing how a given high-risk group of children born to parents with poor mental health seek help and how care may be improved in order to better reach and support their families. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to identify the needs and help-seeking behaviors of children and their parents. Through an analysis of both quantitative and qualitative studies, published in German- and English-speaking research literature, the needs of children and parents were identified and categorized...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511828/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-the-dermatology-patient
#15
Caroline S Koblenzer
Body dysmorphic disorder is primarily a psychiatric disorder, in which the patient believes that some normal or very near normal aspect of his or her physical appearance is distorted or ugly. Should there be a minor abnormality, it is grossly exaggerated in the mind of the patient, causing feelings of shame and embarrassment and leading daily to spending hours at the mirror, or any reflecting surface, as the patient tries to conceal or remove the perceived abnormality through the development of ritualistic behavior...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511820/somatic-symptom-disorder-in-dermatology
#16
James L Levenson, Aditi A Sharma, Alex G Ortega-Loayza
Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) is defined by the prominence of somatic symptoms associated with abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to the symptoms, resulting in significant distress and impairment. Individuals with these disorders are more commonly encountered in primary care and other medical settings, including dermatology practice, than in psychiatric and other mental health settings. What defines the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as abnormal is that they are excessive, that is, out of proportion to other patients with similar somatic symptoms, and that they result in significant distress and impairment...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508598/for-debate-should-we-worry-about-hematospermia-in-adolescents-and-young-men-a-report-of-six-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
EDITORIAL
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Javaad Zargooshi, Alberto Marsciani, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Nada A Soliman, Salvatore Di Maio
Hematospermia or hemospermia is defined as the presence of blood in ejaculate. The true prevalence of the condition is unknown because many cases escape the patient's notice, and remain unrecognized and unreported. There are two main aims in the patient evaluation: first, to ensure that there is no specific condition that is treatable; second, to reassure the patient's parents that no causative factor is present. Many physicians are unfamiliar with this disorder and this forms the basis for our current review...
March 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506145/areas-of-control-desired-by-patients-and-families-referred-to-hospice-care-perspectives-of-hospice-admissions-staff
#18
Hyunjin Noh
Sense of control in end-of-life (EOL) care plays a critical role in the patient's well-being. However, little is known about the areas of control essential to patients and families at a specific time point in the illness trajectory: when patients stop curative treatments and are referred to hospice. This study qualitatively explored such areas. Sixteen admissions staff members from four hospice agencies were interviewed about their perceptions of areas in which patients and families worried about losing control by accepting hospice...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504859/anxiety-there-is-an-app-for-that-a-systematic-review-of-anxiety-apps
#19
REVIEW
Madalina Sucala, Pim Cuijpers, Frederick Muench, Roxana Cardoș, Radu Soflau, Anca Dobrean, Patriciu Achimas-Cadariu, Daniel David
BACKGROUND: Smartphones and mobile devices have become ubiquitous, and with the rapid advance of technology, the number of health applications (apps) that are available for consumers on these devices is constantly growing. In particular, there has been a recent proliferation of anxiety apps. However, there has been no review of the quality or content of these anxiety apps and little is known about their purpose, the features they contain, and their empirical support. The goal of this systematic review was to assess the commercially available anxiety apps...
May 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500921/development-and-validation-of-two-measures-of-emotional-contrast-avoidance-the-contrast-avoidance-questionnaires
#20
Sandra J Llera, Michelle G Newman
The Contrast Avoidance (CA) model (Newman & Llera, 2011) proposed that individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) fear sharp emotional shifts (or contrasts), such as the shift from a pleasant or neutral state to one of sudden distress following a negative event. Further, the model suggests that chronic worry is employed by those with GAD to sustain negative emotionality as a means to avoid sudden shifts into negativity. The model has received empirical support; however, no validated measure exists to assess CA tendencies...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
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