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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445406/a-pilot-study-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#1
Lynn C Waelde, Amanda B Feinstein, Rashmi Bhandari, Anya Griffin, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu
Despite advances in psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain, there has been little research examining mindfulness meditation for these conditions. This study presents data from a pilot clinical trial of a six-week manualized mindfulness meditation intervention offered to 20 adolescents aged 13-17 years. Measures of pain intensity, functional disability, depression and parent worry about their child's pain were obtained at baseline and post-treatment. Results indicated no significant changes in pain or depression, however functional disability and frequency of pain functioning complaints improved with small effect sizes...
April 26, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445209/intelligence-and-interleukin-6-in-older-adults-the-role-of-repetitive-thought
#2
Suzanne C Segerstrom, Rebecca G Reed, April B Scott
OBJECTIVE: Higher IQ correlates with lower systemic inflammation, consistent with an association between lower IQ and disease risk. The present study examined the role of repetitive thought (RT) in the relationship between IQ and interleukin (IL)-6. RT is thinking attentively, repeatedly, and frequently about oneself and one's world and is characterized by Valence (positive-negative), Purpose (searching-solving), and Total quantity (much-little). METHODS: Estimated IQ and RT dimension scores were assessed at baseline in a sample of older adults (N=120, Mage=74 years), who thereafter had blood drawn up to 10 times semiannually (n=799)...
April 26, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445137/monitoring-of-kras-mutated-ctdna-to-discriminate-pseudo-progression-from-true-progression-during-anti-pd-1-treatment-of-lung-adenocarcinoma
#3
Nicolas Guibert, Julien Mazieres, Myriam Delaunay, Anne Casanova, Magali Farella, Laura Keller, Gilles Favre, Anne Pradines
OBJECTIVES: Pseudo-progression is a rare but worrying situation for both clinicians and patients during immunotherapy. Dedicated ir-RECIST criteria have been established to improve this situation. However, this can be sometimes considered inadequate and patients experiencing true progression may then receive inefficient treatments. Additional reliable tools to discriminate pseudo from true progression are thus needed. So far, no biomarker has been identified to distinguish pseudo from true progression...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444980/adolescent-girls-with-asthma-have-worse-asthma-control-and-health-related-quality-of-life-than-boys-a-population-based-study
#4
Caroline Stridsman, Helena Backman, Britt-Marie Eklund, Eva Rönmark, Linnea Hedman
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies investigating health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among asthmatic adolescents are rare. Further, among subjects with asthma, HRQoL may be affected by asthma control and severity. AIM: To investigate HRQoL in relation to asthma control and asthma severity among adolescents. METHOD: As a part of the population-based OLIN pediatric study, 266 adolescents with current asthma (14-15 yr) were identified...
April 26, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443056/concerns-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-in-living-kidney-donation-parent-donor-candidates-worry-less-about-themselves
#5
M Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Asunción Luque-Budia, Rupert Conrad
Even though the majority of living kidney donor candidates appear in good mental health and show few concerns little is known concerning the influence of the type of donor-recipient relationship on donor candidates' specific concerns with regard to kidney donation. 136 donor candidates at Virgen del Rocío University Hospital of Seville filled in the Scale of Concerns Regarding Living Kidney Donation of whom 105 donor candidates and their corresponding recipients (105 patients with End-Stage Renal Disease) were further evaluated with regard to mental health (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II) and quality of life (SF-36 Health Survey)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441950/development-of-a-web-based-patient-decision-aid-for-initiating-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-using-user-centred-design-methods
#6
Ingrid Nota, Constance H C Drossaert, Heleen C Melissant, Erik Taal, Harald E Vonkeman, Cees J Haagsma, Mart A F J van de Laar
BACKGROUND: A main element of patient-centred care, Patient Decision Aids (PtDAs) facilitate shared decision-making (SDM). A recent update of the International Patient Decision Aids Standards (IPDAS) emphasised patient involvement during PtDA development, but omitted a methodology for doing so. This article reports on the value of user-centred design (UCD) methods for the development of a PtDA that aims to support inflammatory arthritis patients in their choice between disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439664/women-at-familial-risk-of-breast-cancer-electing-for-prophylactic-mastectomy-frequencies-procedures-and-decision-making-characteristics
#7
Sarah Schott, Lisa Vetter, Monika Keller, Thomas Bruckner, Michael Golatta, Sabine Eismann, Nicola Dikow, Christina Evers, Christof Sohn, Joerg Heil
BACKGROUND: Some women of families at high risk of breast cancer (BC) choose prophylactic mastectomy (PM) in spite of ambiguous evidence for survival benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate counselees' characteristics, decisions on PM, and frequencies of different procedures to better understand how to tailor interventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight hundred and forty-nine counselees who attended interdisciplinary consultation for genetic risk adjustment at the University Hospital Heidelberg between July 2009 and July 2011 received a tripartite questionnaire addressing sociodemographic characteristics, psychological parameters, behavioural questions, and medical data...
April 24, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438948/macrolide-and-quinolone-resistant-mycoplasma-genitalium-in-a-man-with-persistent-urethritis-the-tip-of-the-british-iceberg
#8
Suneeta Soni, Andy Parkhouse, Gillian Dean
There is growing concern worldwide for macrolide resistance in M. genitalium following liberal use of 1 g azithromycin to treat non-gonococcal urethritis and confirmed C. trachomatis infection. Moxifloxacin is the second-line treatment for M. genitalium and still has excellent efficacy against it. However, recent reports indicating that quinolone resistance is more prevalent than previously thought are worrying. Routine testing of symptomatic men and women for M. genitalium is not currently recommended in BASHH guidelines, and attempts to implement such testing have been hampered by a lack of commercially available assays...
April 24, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434816/co-existing-arterial-pathology-stenosis-and-aneurysm-in-carotid-territory-to-worry
#9
A B Crichton, S Rajagopalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433670/evaluation-of-the-routine-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-results-of-clinically-significant-anaerobic-bacteria-in-a-slovenian-tertiary-care-hospital-in-2015
#10
Samo Jeverica, Urša Kolenc, Manica Mueller-Premru, Lea Papst
The aim of our study was to determined antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of 2673 clinically significant anaerobic bacteria belonging to the major genera, isolated in 2015 in a large tertiary-care hospital in Slovenia. The species identification was performed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined immediately at the isolation of the strains against: penicillin, co-amoxiclav, imipenem, clindamycin and metronidazole, using gradient diffusion methodology and EUCAST breakpoints...
April 19, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432230/farmers-urged-to-share-details-of-sheep-worrying
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429581/nighttime-is-the-worst-time-parental-fear-of-hypoglycemia-in-young-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Michelle A Van Name, Marisa E Hilliard, Claire T Boyle, Kellee M Miller, Daniel J DeSalvo, Barbara J Anderson, Lori M Laffel, Stephanie E Woerner, Linda A DiMeglio, William V Tamborlane
BACKGROUND: Fear of hypoglycemia is common in parents of young children with type 1 diabetes (T1D), but little is known about the specific fears that parents most often experience. Hypoglycemia fear has been associated with poorer glycemic control in older children, though not yet studied in a large cohort of very young children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of 549 children <7 years (mean 5.2 ± 1.2 years [19% <3 years]) with a mean diabetes duration of 2...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429466/psychosocial-outcomes-in-active-treatment-through-survivorship
#13
Sarah C Reed, Janice F Bell, Robin Whitney, Rebecca Lash, Katherine K Kim, Richard J Bold, Jill G Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To understand potential differences in psychosocial outcomes from active treatment to survivorship. METHODS: Using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Experiences with Cancer Survivorship Supplement (n = 1,360) we examined and compared psychosocial outcomes among respondents in active treatment with survivors by year(s) since treatment ended. Survey-weighted regression models were used to test associations between year(s) since treatment and depressive symptoms (PHQ-2), psychological distress (K-6) and cancer-specific worry related to recurrence...
April 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429376/daily-crying-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-older-adult-persons-living-in-nursing-homes-findings-from-a-regional-study
#14
Alvisa Palese, Arianna Simeoni, Antonio Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Elisa Ambrosi
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of nursing home (NH) resident crying and associated factors at the individual and NH levels. DESIGN: A regional retrospective study design has been used. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A total of 8875 residents, living in 105 NHs, were included. MEASUREMENTS: The occurrence of an episode of crying on at least a daily basis in the last month was the dependent variable; independent variables were set at individual and at the NH levels as reported in the Val...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427924/long-term-deterioration-of-perceived-health-and-functioning-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Joyce L Benner, Sander R Hilberink, Thessa Veenis, Henk J Stam, Wilma M A van der Slot, Marij E Roebroeck
OBJECTIVE: To describe longitudinal change in perceived health, presence of health issues and functional level in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Participants who completed baseline assessments in 1996 or 2000 were invited for a long-term follow-up in 2010. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-nine Dutch adults with CP (age 35-45 years, 55% male, 75% spastic) formerly known in pediatric rehabilitation care...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427369/suicidal-ideation-and-its-correlates-among-high-school-students-in-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Reza Ziaei, Eija Viitasara, Joaquim Soares, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazarghani, Saeed Dastgiri, Ali Hossein Zeinalzadeh, Farhad Bahadori, Reza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Globally, the second leading cause of death among adolescents is suicide and in middle-income countries adolescents' suicidal ideation is a neglected public health area. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among 15-17-year-old high school students in Iran. METHODS: Self-administered, Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) questionnaires were distributed to a representative sample (N =1517) of high-school students aged 15-17 in the city of Tabriz...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427059/the-burden-of-diabetes-emerging-data
#17
Paola Maffi, Antonio Secchi
In recent times, the global prevalence of diabetes has increased substantially, reaching 8.3% in 2014, which corresponds to 387 million patients. Studies in Europe and USA have shown increased incidence of type 1 Diabetes (T1D) over time at a rate of 3-5% per year. Another most worrying feature of the rapid increase of diabetes is the emergence of type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in children, adolescents, and young adults. The well-known behavioral risks factors and epigenetic mechanisms recently observed require an integrated approach to prevent T2D...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426296/a-typical-day-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#18
Tigist Hailu, Carolyn C Cannuscio, Roxanne Dupuis, Jason Karlawish
For years Bob worried something was wrong with his memory. He expressed this worry to his family physician, who told him memory loss is a normal part of aging. "All these years that I've known that something was going on in my brain, I can see a curve," said Bob. "It's always been a pretty steady curve going slowly downhill." (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print April 20, 2017: e1-e2. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303752).
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423066/influence-of-maternal-anxiety-on-child-anxiety-during-dental-care-cross-sectional-study
#19
Paloma Busato, Raíssa Rigo Garbín, Catielma Nascimento Santos, Luiz Renato Paranhos, Lilian Rigo
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: Anxiety is usually classified as a disorder of neurotic nature and is often related to contexts of stress, which may include worries, motor tension and autonomic hyperactivity. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of mothers' anxiety on their children's anxiety during dental care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical cross-sectional study conducted at in a private dentistry school in the south of Brazil. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used...
April 13, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423038/attentional-bias-modification-training-for-insomnia-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jaap Lancee, Samya L Yasiney, Ruben S Brendel, Marilisa Boffo, Patrick J F Clarke, Elske Salemink
BACKGROUND: Attentional bias toward sleep-related information is believed to play a key role in insomnia. If attentional bias is indeed of importance, changing this bias should then in turn have effects on insomnia complaints. In this double-blind placebo controlled randomized trial we investigated the efficacy of attentional bias modification training in the treatment of insomnia. METHOD: We administered baseline, post-test, and one-week follow-up measurements of insomnia severity, sleep-related worry, depression, and anxiety...
2017: PloS One
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