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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052216/polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-prevalence-and-impact%C3%A2-on-the-wellbeing-of-australian-women-aged-16-29%C3%A2-years
#1
L Chitra Varanasi, Asvini Subasinghe, Yasmin L Jayasinghe, Emma T Callegari, Suzanne M Garland, Alexandra Gorelik, John D Wark
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common condition among reproductive-aged women. However, its exact prevalence is unknown. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of PCOS in Australian women aged 16-29 years using the National Institutes of Health (NIH) criteria compared to self-reported PCOS, to compare co-morbidities between the groups and to determine the most distressing aspect of a diagnosis of PCOS for these young women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited from the Young Female Health Initiative (YFHI) and Safe-D studies...
October 19, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049244/isolated-heptadactylia-a-case-report-of-central-polydactyly-of-the-foot
#2
Nicolas Piette, Pierre-Yves Zambelli, Daniel N'Dele
RATIONALE: Heptadactylia is a rare congenital disorder from the polydactyly family. Polydactyly is generally classified into 3 major groups: preaxial (medial ray), postaxial (lateral ray), and central polydactyly. Most common cases are related to preaxial or postaxial polydactyly. The rarity of central polydactyly can be explained in 3 ways. First, central polydactyly with duplication appearing on metatarsal is pretty uncommon. Second, the duplication appears isolated on the foot. Polydactyly is mostly associated with other physical defects or others duplications...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046955/the-relationship-between-child-and-caregiver-sleep-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-maintenance
#3
Lauren C Daniel, Colleen M Walsh, Lisa J Meltzer, Lamia P Barakat, Jacqueline D Kloss
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are to describe sleep quality and sleep disturbance among caregivers of children in the maintenance phase of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to examine the relationship between sleep quality, child sleep disturbance, and caregiver guilt and worry. METHODS: Caregivers of 68 children with ALL, ages 3 to 12 years old, completed measures of caregiver guilt and worry, caregiver sleep quality, and child's developmental history and sleep habits...
October 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046716/a-multi-national-comparison-of-antipsychotic-drug-use-in-children-and-adolescents-2005-2012
#4
Luuk J Kalverdijk, Christian J Bachmann, Lise Aagaard, Mehmet Burcu, Gerd Glaeske, Falk Hoffmann, Irene Petersen, Catharina C M Schuiling-Veninga, Linda P Wijlaars, Julie M Zito
Over the last decades, an increase in antipsychotic (AP) prescribing and a shift from first-generation antipsychotics (FGA) to second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) among youth have been reported. However, most AP prescriptions for youth are off-label, and there are worrying long-term safety data in youth. The objective of this study was to assess multinational trends in AP use among children and adolescents. A repeated cross-sectional design was applied to cohorts from varied sources from Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) for calendar years 2005/2006-2012...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040418/translational-medicine-in-the-age-of-big-data
#5
Nicholas P Tatonetti
The ability to collect, store and analyze massive amounts of molecular and clinical data is fundamentally transforming the scientific method and its application in translational medicine. Collecting observations has always been a prerequisite for discovery, and great leaps in scientific understanding are accompanied by an expansion of this ability. Particle physics, astronomy and climate science, for example, have all greatly benefited from the development of new technologies enabling the collection of larger and more diverse data...
October 12, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038950/firing-a-loaded-gun-during-sleep-in-an-elderly-man-with-a-perfect-storm-of-risk-factors-including-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
Francesca Ingravallo, Carlos H Schenck, Ernesto D'Aloja, Monica Puligheddu
PURPOSE: We report a case of firing a loaded gun during sleep in a geriatric patient with undiagnosed major sleep disorders and multiple risk factors for sleep violence. Polysomnographic findings, diagnostic challenges, and forensic implications in this unprecedented geriatric case are discussed. METHODS: A 75-year-old employed man, married for 32 years, presented to a sleep center reporting to having fired a shot in his bedroom during sleep while his wife was away, without memory of hearing the gunshot...
October 16, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037234/women-s-attitudes-experiences-and-compliance-concerning-the-use-of-mindfetalness-a-method-for-systematic-observation-of-fetal-movements-in-late-pregnancy
#7
Anna Akselsson, Susanne Georgsson, Helena Lindgren, Karin Pettersson, Ingela Rådestad
BACKGROUND: Maternal perception of decreased fetal movements and low awareness of fetal movements are associated with a negative birth outcome. Mindfetalness is a method developed for women to facilitate systematic observations of the intensity, character and frequency of fetal movements in late pregnancy. We sought to explore women's attitudes, experiences and compliance in using Mindfetalness. METHODS: We enrolled 104 pregnant women treated at three maternity clinics in Stockholm, Sweden, from February to July of 2016...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033636/validity-and-reliability-of-the-quality-of-life-in-epilepsy-inventory-qolie-10-for-turkey
#8
Mukadder Mollaoğlu, Muratcan Mollaoğlu, Zehra Durna
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to test as a shortened form of the health-related quality of life for patients with epilepsy inventory (QOLIE). METHODS: A study of 148 adult epileptic patients admitted to the Neurology Outpatient Clinic at Cumhuriyet University Hospital in Sivas was used to derive a brief screening tool from a longer instrument (QOLIE-31). RESULTS: The 10-item questionnaire (QOLIE-10) contains general and epilepsy-specific dimensions grouped into three domains: Epilepsy Effects (memory, physical effects, and mental effects of medication), Mental Health (energy, depression, overall quality of life), and Role Functioning (seizure worry, work, driving, social limits)...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031695/-hesitant-compliers-qualitative-analysis-of-concerned-fully-vaccinating-parents
#9
Stephanie L Enkel, Katie Attwell, Thomas L Snelling, Hayley E Christian
OBJECTIVE: Some parents are hesitant about vaccines and yet still vaccinate their children. Vaccine behaviours are not fixed and parents who are concerned but nonetheless adherent to standard schedules could switch to an unconventional schedule, delaying or cherry-picking vaccines. There is a need to better understand vaccine hesitancy in specific contexts, acknowledging cultural and geographical variation, to ensure interventions targeting hesitancy are well directed and received. METHODS: To identify the behaviours, knowledge and attitudes of 'hesitant compliers' in Perth, Western Australia, nine one-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with vaccinating parents of children (<5 years) who were identified as being hesitant...
October 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031382/-school-in-the-face-of-radicalisation
#10
Hélène Romano
The school is a living space for children and adolescents. It is therefore the ideal place to spot worrying changes of attitude such as those which indicate radicalisation. It is also here that the fundamental knowledge and values of our French society are passed on. In this respect, schools have a key role to play in preventing what could lead young people to radical indoctrination.
October 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024169/how-are-multifactorial-beliefs-about-the-role-of-genetics-and-behavior-in-cancer-causation-associated-with-cancer-risk-cognitions-and-emotions-in-the-u-s-population
#11
Jada G Hamilton, Erika A Waters
OBJECTIVE: People who believe that cancer has both genetic and behavioral risk factors have more accurate mental models of cancer causation and may be more likely to engage in cancer screening behaviors than people who do not hold such multifactorial causal beliefs. This research explored possible health cognitions and emotions that might produce such differences. METHODS: Using nationally representative cross-sectional data from the U.S. Health Information National Trends Survey (N=2,719), we examined whether endorsing a multifactorial model of cancer causation was associated with perceptions of risk and other cancer-related cognitions and affect...
October 10, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022404/the-significance-of-breastfeeding-on-sleep-patterns-during-the-first-48%C3%A2-hours-postpartum-for-first-time-mothers
#12
O Hughes, M M Mohamad, P Doyle, G Burke
Postpartum women sleep less during the early days following delivery. Long-term sleep disturbance and fatigue can have significant implications for physical and mental health, relationships, employment and parental competence. Most studies focus on the quality and quantity of maternal sleep between weeks one and six postpartum. We explored sleep patterns and reasons for wakefulness of first-time mothers immediately following delivery. Thirty first-time mothers completed a postnatal sleep questionnaire, detailing their total sleep time (TST), the reasons for being awake and their level of fatigue...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020084/evaluation-of-a-dna-based-method-for-spice-herb-authentication-so-you-do-not-have-to-worry-about-what-is-in-your-curry-buon-appetito
#13
Maslin Osathanunkul, Sarawut Ounjai, Rossarin Osathanunkul, Panagiotis Madesis
It is long believed that some spices may help protect against certain chronic conditions. Spices are usually parts of plants that have been powdered into small pieces. Have you ever wondered what the curry powder in your dish is made of? The aim of this work was to develop an appropriate DNA-based method for assessment of spice identity. Selecting the best marker for species recognition in the Zingiberaceae family. Six DNA regions were investigated in silico, including ITS, matK, rbcL, rpoC, trnH-psbA and trnL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020025/worry-about-racial-discrimination-a-missing-piece-of-the-puzzle-of-black-white-disparities-in-preterm-birth
#14
Paula Braveman, Katherine Heck, Susan Egerter, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Christine Rinki, Kristen S Marchi, Michael Curtis
OBJECTIVES: The causes of the large and persistent Black-White disparity in preterm birth (PTB) are unknown. It is biologically plausible that chronic stress across a woman's life course could be a contributor. Prior research suggests that chronic worry about experiencing racial discrimination could affect PTB through neuroendocrine, vascular, or immune mechanisms involved in both responses to stress and the initiation of labor. This study aimed to examine the role of chronic worry about racial discrimination in Black-White disparities in PTB...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016235/telemedicine-support-groups-for-home-parenteral-nutrition-users
#15
Eve-Lynn Nelson, Donna Macan Yadrich, Noreen Thompson, Shawna Wright, Kathaleen Stone, Natasia Adams, Marilyn Werkowitch, Carol E Smith
Patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN), a life-sustaining intravenous (IV) infusion that provides nourishment and hydration to patients with short gut or inflammatory bowel diseases, are often isolated and not in visual contact with peers or health providers. One completed clinical trial (Clinical Trials.gov NCT0190028) and 1 ongoing clinical trial (Clinical Trials.gov NCT02987569) are evaluating a mobile videoconferencing-delivered support group intervention for patients on HPN and their caregivers...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016165/-falsifiability-is-not-optional-correction-to-lebel-et-al-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Falsifiability is not optional" by Etienne P. LeBel, Derek Berger, Lorne Campbell and Timothy J. Loving (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2017[Aug], Vol 113[2], 254-261). In the reply, there were two errors in the References list. The publishing year for the 14th and 21st articles was cited incorrectly as 2016. The in-text acronym associated with these citations should read instead as FER2017 and LCL2017. The correct References list citations should read as follows, respectively: Finkel, E...
November 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993093/hypersexual-disorder-according-to-the-hypersexual-disorder-screening-inventory-in-help-seeking-swedish-men-and-women-with-self-identified-hypersexual-behavior
#17
Katarina Görts Öberg, Jonas Hallberg, Viktor Kaldo, Cecilia Dhejne, Stefan Arver
INTRODUCTION: The Hypersexual Disorder Screening Inventory (HDSI) was developed by the American Psychiatric Association for clinical screening of hypersexual disorder (HD). AIMS: To examine the distribution of the proposed diagnostic entity HD according to the HDSI in a sample of men and women seeking help for problematic hypersexuality and evaluate some psychometric properties. METHODS: Data on sociodemographics, the HDSI, the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS), and the Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes of Sexual Behavior were collected online from 16 women and 64 men who self-identified as hypersexual...
October 6, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991885/predictors-of-hiv-hiv-risk-perception-and-hiv-worry-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-in-lilongwe-malawi
#18
Joan T Price, Nora E Rosenberg, Dhrutika Vansia, Twambilile Phanga, Nivedita L Bhushan, Bertha Maseko, Savvy Brar, Mina C Hosseinipour, Jennifer H Tang, Linda-Gail Bekker, Audrey Pettifor
BACKGROUND: Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa have high HIV prevalence and incidence. We sought to understand which HIV risk factors individually and in combination contribute to risk, and whether these factors are associated with HIV worry and risk perception. SETTING: This study is ongoing at four public health centers in Lilongwe, Malawi (2016-2017). METHODS: AGYW 15-24 years old were recruited to participate in a study assessing four models of service delivery...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990835/children-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-psychological-consequences-eight-years-after-2004-tsunami
#19
Petra Adebäck, Abbe Schulman, Doris Nilsson
BACKGROUND: There is a need for studies that follow up children and adolescents for many years post disaster since earlier studies have shown that exposure during natural disasters constitutes a risk factor for poor psychological health. AIMS: The main aim was to examine whether there was an association between severity of exposures during a natural disaster experienced in childhood or adolescence and posttraumatic stress symptoms, psychological distress, self-rated health, diagnosis of depression, anxiety or worry, thoughts about or attempted suicide, physical symptoms or daily functioning eight years later in young adulthood...
October 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990151/burnout-and-stress-amongst-interns-in-irish-hospitals-contributing-factors-and-potential-solutions
#20
E Hannan, N Breslin, E Doherty, M McGreal, D Moneley, G Offiah
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical school to internship can be daunting for newly qualified doctors. High rates of stress and burnout have been reported, with negative impacts on patient care and physician wellbeing. AIMS: We surveyed interns in our hospital group to evaluate rates of stress and burnout, as well as identify the causative factors and propose potential solutions to these. METHODS: A hundred and one interns working in four different hospitals over a 2-year period were invited to participate in an anonymous survey...
October 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
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