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obesity and sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935145/determinants-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-pro-inflammatory-state-and-dysfunction-of-high-density-lipoprotein
#1
Yusuf Karadeniz, Altan Onat, Tuğba Akbaş, Barış Şimşek, Hüsniye Yüksel, Günay Can
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine variables preceding and predicting incident obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in the population at large. METHODS: Anthropometric, lipid, and non-lipid variables in participants with newly developing OSAS (n = 131) were compared with those of a cohort sample (n = 2615) of the Turkish Adult Risk Factor study. Available values preceding (by a median of 32 mo) the development of OSAS were used in multivariable Cox regression models...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934533/carotid-artery-wall-thickness-in-obese-and-nonobese-adults-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-before-and-following-positive-airway-pressure-treatment
#2
Jinyoung Kim, Emile R Mohler, Brendan T Keenan, David Maislin, Erna Sif Arnardottir, Thorarinn Gislason, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Sigrun Gudmundsdottir, Andrea Sifferman, Bethany Staley, Frances M Pack, Greg Maislin, Julio A Chirinos, Raymond R Townsend, Allan I Pack, Samuel T Kuna
Study objectives: Debate persists as to whether obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to compare carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), an early sign of atherosclerosis, in obese and nonobese adults with OSA before and following positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment. Methods: A total of 206 adults newly diagnosed with OSA with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 15-75 events/hour and 53 controls with AHI <10 were studied...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933583/sleep-duration-and-risk-of-liver-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women-the-women-s-health-initiative-study
#3
Kathryn E Royse, Hashem B El-Serag, Liang Chen, Donna L White, Lauren Hale, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Li Jiao
BACKGROUND: Sleep duration has been associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, but its association with liver cancer remains unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the prospective Women's Health Initiative Study, 139,368 postmenopausal women reported sleep habits at baseline (1993-1998). We ascertained 175 incident liver cancer cases during an average 13.8 years of follow-up through August 2014. We used multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression models to estimate a hazard ratio (HR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for risk of liver cancer in association with nocturnal sleep duration...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932301/melatonin-level-variations-with-different-behavioural-risk-factors-in-obese-female-patients
#4
Ana Malazonia, Tamar Zerekidze, Elen Giorgadze, Natia Chkheidze, Ketevan Asatiani
AIM: The role of behavioural factors and sleep duration and quality is important in the pathogenesis of obesity. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of behavioural risk factors on melatonin secretion in women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In total, 120 female patients were enrolled in the study and divided into two groups according to the body mass index. Detailed history, anthropometric measurements, urine and blood samples were evaluated for each patient...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931931/screening-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-by-electronic-nose-analysis-of-volatile-organic-compounds
#5
Simone Scarlata, Giorgio Pennazza, Marco Santonico, Simona Santangelo, Isaura Rossi Bartoli, Chiara Rivera, Chiara Vernile, Antonio De Vincentis, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) carries important social and economic implications. Once the suspicion of OSAS has arisen, Polysomnography (PSG) represents the diagnostic gold standard. However, about 45% of people who have undergone PSG are free from OSAS. Thus, efforts should be made to improve the selection of subjects. We verified whether the pattern of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) helps to select patients amenable to PSG. We studied 136 subjects (20 obese non-OSAS, 20 hypoxic OSAS, 20 non-hypoxic OSAS, and 20 non-hypoxic Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) vs 56 healthy controls) without any criteria of exclusion for comorbidity to deal with a real-life population...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930798/prevalence-of-obesity-no-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-short-sleep-duration-among-occupational-groups-in-29-states
#6
Jan Birdsey, Aaron L Sussell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine prevalence of obesity (body mass index of 30 or higher), no leisure-time physical activity in the past 30 days (no LTPA), and short sleep duration (averaging less than 7 hours of sleep per 24-hour period) among 22 occupational groups. METHODS: We analyzed 2013 and 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data from 29 states, controlling for sex, age, race/ethnicity, and education. RESULTS: By occupation, prevalence ranged from 16...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929462/can-body-temperature-dysregulation-explain-the-co-occurrence-between-overweight-obesity-sleep-impairment-late-night-eating-and-a-sedentary-lifestyle
#7
REVIEW
Rhonda F Brown, Einar B Thorsteinsson, Michael Smithson, C Laird Birmingham, Hessah Aljarallah, Christopher Nolan
PURPOSE: Overweight/obesity, sleep disturbance, night eating, and a sedentary lifestyle are common co-occurring problems. There is a tendency for them to co-occur together more often than they occur alone. In some cases, there is clarity as to the time course and evolution of the phenomena. However, specific mechanism(s) that are proposed to explain a single co-occurrence cannot fully explain the more generalized tendency to develop concurrent symptoms and/or disorders after developing one of the phenomena...
September 19, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929340/sleep-and-cardio-metabolic-disease
#8
REVIEW
Francesco P Cappuccio, Michelle A Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarises and discusses the epidemiological evidence suggesting a causal relationship between sleep duration and cardio-metabolic risk and outcomes in population. RECENT FINDINGS: Sleep duration is affected by a variety of cultural, social, psychological, behavioural, pathophysiological and environmental influences. Changes in modern society-like longer working hours, more shift-work, 24/7 availability of commodities and 24-h global connectivity-have been associated with a gradual reduction in sleep duration and sleeping patterns across westernised populations...
September 19, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929061/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-as-a-selection-tool-for-surgical-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-our-personal-experience
#9
M B Bharathi, J Rajendra Prasad, K Satish
The role of Drug-induced sleep endoscopy as a selection tool for surgical management of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. SOURCE OF DATA: Polysomnography proved OSA patients, who are planned for surgery in dept. of ENT AND HEAD& NECK, JSS Hospital, Mysore. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study. METHOD: 30 Polysomnography proved OSA patients, age between 20 and 60 years have been selected for Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE) after taking informed consent for proposed surgery...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926516/association-between-obesity-and-sleep-disorders-in-postmenopausal-women
#10
Maria Fernanda Naufel, Cristina Frange, Monica Levy Andersen, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Sergio Tufik, Eliane Beraldi Ribeiro, Helena Hachul
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between obesity and sleep architecture in postmenopausal women. METHODS: One hundred seven postmenopausal women from the Ambulatory of Integrative Treatment for Female Sleep Disorders were invited by telephone to participate in this study. Fifty-three completed the study. We included women aged 50 to 70 years, and excluded women on hormone therapy or missing data. The study consisted of two meetings, including a full-night polysomnography...
September 18, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925065/barriers-to-and-enablers-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-scoping-review-and-stakeholder-consultation
#11
REVIEW
M Kebbe, S Damanhoury, N Browne, M P Dyson, T-L F McHugh, G D C Ball
Healthy lifestyle behaviours are key to successful weight management, but have proven to be challenging to attain for adolescents with obesity. The purpose of our scoping review was to (i) describe barriers and enablers that adolescents with obesity encounter for healthy nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep habits and (ii) identify gaps in the literature. We adhered to established methodology for scoping reviews. Six databases were searched (1980-June 2016) for original articles published in English or French that focused on lifestyle behaviours of 13- to 17-year-olds in paediatric weight management...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924264/neurocognitive-and-behavioral-functioning-in-adolescents-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-population-based-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-study
#12
S S Frye, J Fernandez-Mendoza, S L Calhoun, J Gaines, M D Sawyer, F He, D Liao, A N Vgontzas, E O Bixler
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has been associated with neurocognitive and behavioral problems in young children; however, this association is less studied in adolescents. Evidence suggests that obesity plays a key role in the development of SDB, although its relative association with neurobehavioral functioning remains unclear. We examined whether SDB and obesity are associated with neurocognitive and behavior problems in adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 421 adolescents (17...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923778/links-between-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-intermittent-hypoxia-and-diabetes-causes-or-cures
#13
REVIEW
Lisa L Abler, Chad M Vezina
Bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) manifest as urinary frequency, urgency, incontinence and incomplete bladder emptying. Existing treatments ameliorate but do not eliminate most symptoms, leading to financial and personal burdens attributable to sustained medical therapies that may last a lifetime. The purpose of this review is to highlight evidence of causal associations between LUTS and several common comorbidities, including intermittent hypoxia (IH) concomitant with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes...
September 15, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923201/determinants-of-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-disordered-sleep-and-obesity
#14
Chandra L Jackson
Racial/ethnic minorities experience a disproportionate risk of both suboptimal sleep and obesity, and the relationship between sleep and obesity may differ by race/ethnicity for modifiable and non-modifiable reasons. Because many people of color have historically lived and continue to largely live in disadvantaged, obesogenic physical and social environments, these greater adverse exposures likely negatively affect sleep, resulting in physiological dysregulation. Physiological dysregulation may, in turn, lead to increased obesity risk and subsequent health consequences, which are likely more influential than potential genetic differences in race, a social construct...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923200/sleep-and-obesity-risk-in-adults-possible-mechanisms-contextual-factors-and-implications-for-research-intervention-and-policy
#15
REVIEW
Michael A Grandner
Obesity is a major public health problem among US adults. Insufficient sleep and sleep disorders are prevalent and may contribute to the public health problem of obesity. This review addresses several key questions regarding sleep and obesity in adults, including the following: (1) What constitutes adequate sleep in adults? (2) What are the consequences of inadequate sleep in adults? (3) What factors influence sleep in adults? (4) How can adults improve their sleep? (5) How can we implement these in adults? (6) How can these issues be addressed in future research and policy decisions? Although a comprehensive review of all of these is beyond the scope of this article, this review brings these concepts together toward a discussion of the role of sleep in the health of US adults...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923199/associations-of-short-sleep-duration-with-childhood-obesity-and-weight-gain-summary-of-a-presentation-to-the-national-academy-of-science-s-roundtable-on-obesity-solutions
#16
Tayla Ash, Elsie M Taveras
This article summarizes a presentation made in February 2017 as part of the National Academy of Sciences' Roundtable on Obesity Solutions webinar, "The Potential Role of Sleep in Obesity Prevention and Management: A Virtual Workshop." Briefly described are the patterns of childhood sleep duration in the United States, the state of the science relating insufficient sleep to overweight and obesity in infancy and early childhood, and the potential mechanisms for the association. Also discussed are intervention efforts to date...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923198/the-epidemiology-of-sleep-and-obesity
#17
REVIEW
Rachel P Ogilvie, Sanjay R Patel
Sleep is a state of consciousness that is preserved across animal species whose exact function is not yet clear but which has a vital impact on health and well-being. Epidemiological evidence suggests sleep duration in both children and adults has been decreasing over the past half-century, while at the same time rates of overweight and obesity have been increasing. Short sleep duration along with other dimensions of poor sleep has been associated with obesity both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. These data suggest a potential causal relationship between poor sleep and greater rates of weight gain that may be related to effects of sleep on dietary intake or physical activity...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923197/obesity-and-sleep-an-evolving-relationship
#18
EDITORIAL
Scott Kahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923196/the-potential-role-of-sleep-in-obesity-prevention-and-management-a-virtual-workshop-webinar
#19
EDITORIAL
Amanda M Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923052/accessing-physical-activity-among-young-adults-attending-a-university-the-role-of-sex-race-ethnicity-technology-use-and-sleep
#20
Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory, Matthew Lee Smith, S Camille Peres, Adam W Pickens, Ranjana K Mehta, Mark Benden
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors associated with recommended physical activity (PA) levels are critical in efforts to combat the obesity epidemic and related comorbidities. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of college students (n = 490) enrolled in a large southern state university in October of 2014. Our aim was to identify sociodemographic characteristics, technology use, and sleep patterns among college students and their independent relationship to recommended PA...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
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