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obesity and sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212303/associations-of-overweight-obesity-and-related-factors-with-sleep-related-breathing-disorders-and-snoring-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Yue Ma, Liping Peng, Changgui Kou, Shucheng Hua, Haibo Yuan
Background: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) have been identified as a major public health problem closely related to adolescent obesity. We aimed to estimate the prevalences of SRBD and snoring in adolescents in Changchun City, Northeastern China, and to evaluate the associated factors in this population. Methods: In total, 1955 adolescents aged 11-18 years were recruited in Changchun City using stratified cluster sampling. Parents and caretakers of children completed the questionnaires, which included demographic characteristics, anthropometric parameters and a pediatric sleep questionnaire (SRBD scale)...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211992/thirty-day-outcomes-for-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-at-a-free-standing-children-s-hospital
#2
A L Speer, J Parekh, F G Qureshi, E P Nadler
The obesity epidemic continues to affect millions of children and adolescents. Non-surgical options do not result in significant or sustained weight loss; thus bariatric surgery has become increasingly utilized. Limited data exist regarding safety for paediatric bariatric surgery, especially outside of National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded centres. We hypothesized that the perioperative outcomes of paediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) at our free-standing children's hospital would provide adequate safety profiles...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211649/insufficient-sleep-in-adolescents-causes-and-consequences
#3
Judith A Owens, Miriam R Weiss
Insufficient sleep poses an important and complicated set of health risks in the adolescent population. Not only is deficient sleep (defined as both sleep duration inadequate to meet sleep needs and sleep timing misaligned with the body's circadian rhythms) at epidemic levels in this population, but the contributing factors are both complex and numerous and there are a myriad of negative physical and mental health, safety and performance consequences. Causes of inadequate sleep identified in this population include internal biological processes such as the normal shift (delay) in circadian rhythm that occurs in association with puberty and a developmentally-based slowing of the "sleep drive", and external factors including extracurricular activities, excessive homework load, evening use of electronic media, caffeine intake and early school start times...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210748/risk-factors-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-suburban-adolescents-from-a-malaysian-district
#4
Wai Fong Chew, Pooi Pooi Leong, Sook Fan Yap, A Malik Yasmin, Kong Bung Choo, Gary Kim Kuan Low, Nem Yun Boo
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the risk factors associated with abdominal obesity (AO) in suburban adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adolescents aged 15-17 years from five randomly selected secondary schools in the Hulu Langat district of Selangor State, Malaysia. Waist circumference (WC) was measured at the midpoint between the lower margin of last palpable rib and the top of iliac crest. Information on sociodemographic data, dietary habits, physical activity levels and duration of sleep was obtained via interviewer-administered questionnaires...
February 17, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208812/relationship-between-self-reported-dietary-nutrient-intake-and-self-reported-sleep-duration-among-japanese-adults
#5
Yoko Komada, Hajime Narisawa, Fumitaka Ueda, Hitomi Saito, Hiroyuki Sakaguchi, Makoto Mitarai, Rina Suzuki, Norihisa Tamura, Shigeru Inoue, Yuichi Inoue
Several studies have reported that short sleep duration is a risk factor for obesity and metabolic disease. Moreover, both sleep duration and sleep timing might independently be associated with dietary nutrient intake. In this study, we investigated the associations between self-reported sleep duration and dietary nutrient intake, with and without adjustments for variations in sleep timing (i.e., the midpoint of sleep). We conducted a questionnaire survey, comprising a validated brief self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ) and the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) among 1902 healthy Japanese adults and found that the dietary intakes of several nutrients correlated with sleep duration among men regardless of adjustment for the midpoint of sleep...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207494/causes-and-consequences-of-fatigue-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Patricia Katz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current information on the causes, treatments, and consequences of fatigue in rheumatoid arthritis. RECENT FINDINGS: Disease activity (inflammation, pain, joint symptoms) is associated with greater fatigue. However, disease activity per se accounts for only a small portion of fatigue, and rheumatoid arthritis medications that reduce disease activity have small effects on fatigue. Instead, factors outside the direct effects of rheumatoid arthritis, such as obesity, physical inactivity, sleep disturbance, and depression, explain the majority of variation in fatigue...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202887/the-relationship-between-hypertension-and-nocturnal-waking-in-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals
#7
Ryoko Aonuma, Hitomi Matsuda
AIM: This study aimed to clarify the relationship between hypertension and nocturnal waking among community-dwelling elderly individuals. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The survey was performed by asking questions related to the basic attributes, lifestyle, sleep conditions and the health status of 422 elderly individuals who belonged to elderly clubs. The subjects were divided into a hypertension group and a non-hypertension group. The data were analyzed using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and a logistic regression analysis...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198530/location-of-the-narrowest-area-of-the-pharynx-regarding-bmi-and-osa-severity
#8
Marta Krasny, Jarosław Wysocki, Monika Prus, Kazimierz Niemczyk
BACKGROUND: Among authors studying morphological determinants of the Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) controversies exist on the location of the narrowest area within the pharynx critical for development of obstruction. Those disagreements primarily revolve around differences between obese and nonobese OSA patients. Determination whether the location and size of the narrowest area within the pharynx differentiates the obese and nonobese OSA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population of 55 subjects was investigated after being diagnosed with OSA in the Polysomnography Laboratory of the Department and Clinic of Otolaryngology in the Medical University of Warsaw...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198036/sleep-disruption-and-duration-in-late-pregnancy-is-associated-with-excess-gestational-weight-gain-among-overweight-and-obese-women
#9
Caryl L Gay, Sarah E Richoux, Kathleen R Beebe, Kathryn A Lee
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep during pregnancy has been associated with poorer birth outcomes. High body mass index (BMI) is often associated with poor sleep, but little is known about the relationship between gestational weight gain and sleep in late pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships of both gestational weight gain and pre-pregnancy BMI to objective and subjective measures of sleep during late pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (n=128) were recruited from prenatal clinics and childbirth classes primarily serving low-income women...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197893/gender-differences-in-clinical-and-polysomnographic-features-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-clinical-study-of-2827-patients
#10
Ozen K Basoglu, Mehmet Sezai Tasbakan
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is underdiagnosed in females due to different clinical presentation. We aimed to determine the effect of gender on clinical and polysomnographic features and identify predictors of OSA in women. METHODS: Differences in demographic, clinical, and polysomnographic parameters between 2052 male and 775 female OSA patients were compared. RESULTS: In female OSA patients, age (56.1 ± 9.7 vs. 50.4 ± 11...
February 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194410/acute-feasibility-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-severely-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Isabelle Vivodtzev, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Anne-Laure Borel, Angélique Grangier, Bernard Wuyam, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis Pépin
Objective. Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are closely interconnected conditions both leading to high cardiovascular risk. Inactivity is frequent and physical activity programs remain difficult in these patients. We investigated the acute feasibility of two neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) modalities in extremely inactive obese patients with OSA. Design. A randomized cross-over study, with two experimental sessions (one per condition: multipath NMES versus conventional NMES). Setting. Outpatient research hospital...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185772/impact-of-weight-loss-management-in-osa
#12
REVIEW
Simon A Joosten, Garun S Hamilton, Matthew T Naughton
The interaction between obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is complex. Whilst it is often assumed that obesity is the major cause of OSA, and that treatment of the OSA might mitigate further weight gain, new evidence is emerging that suggest these statements may not be the case. Obesity explains about 60% of the variance of the apnea hypopnea index definition of OSA, mainly in those < 50 years and less so in the elderly. Moreover, long term treatment of OSA with continuous positive airway pressure is associated with small but significant weight gain...
February 6, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185594/sleep-apnoea-in-australian-men-disease-burden-co-morbidities-and-correlates-from-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#13
Chamara Visanka Senaratna, Dallas R English, Dianne Currier, Jennifer L Perret, Adrian Lowe, Caroline Lodge, Melissa Russell, Sashane Sahabandu, Melanie C Matheson, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea is a common disorder with under-rated clinical impact, which is increasingly being recognised as having a major bearing on global disease burden. Men are especially vulnerable and become a priority group for preventative interventions. However, there is limited information on prevalence of the condition in Australia, its co-morbidities, and potential risk factors. METHODS: We used data from 13,423 adult men included in the baseline wave of Ten to Men, an Australian national study of the health of males, assembled using stratified cluster sampling with oversampling from rural and regional areas...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183716/endothelial-dysfunction-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-elevated-lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-plasma-activity-levels
#14
Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, Mona F Philby, Zhuanghong Qiao, Abdelnaby Khalyfa, David Gozal
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent condition, especially in obese children, and has been associated with increased risk for endothelial dysfunction and dislipidemia, which are precursors of atherosclerosis. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular risk and atheromatous plaque activity. We hypothesized that Lp-PLA2 levels would be elevated in children with OSA, particularly among obese children who also manifest evidence of endothelial dysfunction...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183576/the-benefits-of-ultrasound-guided-continuous-sensory-nerve-blockade-in-the-setting-of-burn-injury-a-case-report-of-bilateral-continuous-superficial-peroneal-nerve-blockade-in-a-patient-with-severe-sleep-apnea
#15
Vladislav Shick, Evan E Lebovitz, Emerson Conrad
The management of pain after burn injuries is a clinical challenge magnified in patients with significant comorbidities. Presently, burn pain is treated via a wide variety of modalities, including systemic pharmacotherapy and regional analgesia. Although the latter can provide effective pain control in patients with burn injuries, it is relatively underused. Furthermore, the development of ultrasound guidance has allowed for novel approaches and sparing of motor nerve blockade with preference toward sensory-specific analgesia that has not been possible previously...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181141/does-post-operative-psychotherapy-contribute-to-improved-comorbidities-in-bariatric-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-and-bulimia-tendencies-a-prospective-study
#16
Francesca Gallé, Pietro Maida, Assunta Cirella, Elena Giuliano, Patrizia Belfiore, Giorgio Liguori
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and eating disorders may affect the outcomes of bariatric surgery. This study was aimed to evaluate the influence of a post-operative dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) intervention on weight loss and comorbidities in a sample of comorbid obese Italian patients with BPD traits and bulimia tendencies who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). METHODS: One hundred fifty-four LRYGB or LAGB patients showing BPD and bulimia traits and type II diabetes, hypertension, and/or sleep apnea (OSAS) voluntarily adhered to DBT (n = 72) or treatment as usual (n = 82) for 12 months after surgery...
February 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179566/human-and-rat-gut-microbiome-composition-is-maintained-following-sleep-restriction
#17
Shirley L Zhang, Lei Bai, Namni Goel, Aubrey Bailey, Christopher J Jang, Frederic D Bushman, Peter Meerlo, David F Dinges, Amita Sehgal
Insufficient sleep increasingly characterizes modern society, contributing to a host of serious medical problems. Loss of sleep is associated with metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, and neurological and cognitive impairments. Shifts in gut microbiome composition have also been associated with the same pathologies; therefore, we hypothesized that sleep restriction may perturb the gut microbiome to contribute to a disease state. In this study, we examined the fecal microbiome by using a cross-species approach in both rat and human studies of sleep restriction...
February 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179416/cohort-profile-for-the-nurture-observational-study-examining-associations-of-multiple-caregivers-on-infant-growth-in-the-southeastern-usa
#18
Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Truls Østbye, Gary G Bennett, Richard M Kravitz, Shayna M Clancy, Marissa Stroo, Edwin Iversen, Cathrine Hoyo
PURPOSE: Childcare has been associated with obesity in children in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, although some observed no association. Few studies have focused on care during infancy, a period when children may be especially vulnerable. PARTICIPANTS: The Nurture Study is an observational birth cohort designed to assess longitudinal associations of childcare and the presence of multiple caregivers on infant adiposity and weight trajectories throughout the first year of life...
February 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#19
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168778/clinical-and-psychological-effects-of-excessive-screen-time-on-children
#20
REVIEW
Sophie Domingues-Montanari
Over recent years, screen time has become a more complicated concept, with an ever-expanding variety of electronic media devices available throughout the world. Television remains the predominant type of screen-based activity among children. However, computer use, video games and ownership of devices, such as tablets and smart phones, are occurring from an increasingly young age. Screen time, in particular, television viewing, has been negatively associated with the development of physical and cognitive abilities, and positively associated with obesity, sleep problems, depression and anxiety...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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