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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334202/lifestyle-related-factors-associated-with-reproductive-health-in-couples-seeking-fertility-treatments-results-of-a-pilot-study
#1
Marie-Lou Piché, Véronique Babineau, Julie Robitaille, Émilie Lachance, Stephanie-May Ruchat
Background: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger prospective cohort study, which will aim at determining the independent contribution of male and female lifestyle-related factors to assisted reproductive technology (ART) success. The study also examined whether couples seeking fertility treatments present lifestyle-related factors that may interfere with their reproductive health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot study was conducted in a fertility clinic between May 2015 and February 2016...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333647/effect-of-sleep-duration-diet-and-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-overweight-elementary-school-students-in-shanghai
#2
Jing Zhang, YunTing Zhang, YanRui Jiang, WanQi Sun, Qi Zhu, Patrick Ip, DongLan Zhang, ShiJian Liu, Chang Chen, Jie Chen, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, MingYu Tang, WenFang Dong, YuFeng Wu, Yong Yin, Fan Jiang
BACKGROUND: This was a cross-sectional survey to investigate the relationship of age, parent education, sleep duration, physical activity, and dietary habits with overweight or obesity in school-age children in Shanghai. METHODS: The survey gathered information from 13,001 children in grades 1 through 5 (age 6 to 10 years) among 26 elementary schools in 7 districts. Activity level was evaluated using the International Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire (CLASS-C)...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333378/associations-between-self-reported-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-dietary-consumptions-psychological-symptoms-and-obesity-in-korean-adults
#3
Bori Kang, Miae Doo, Yangha Kim
Sleep pattern disruptions have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of obesity. This study was performed to investigate the association between sleep quality and sleep duration with dietary consumption, psychological factors, and obesity in Korean adults. A total of 288 Korean men and women who visited a public health center were included in this study. Data on general characteristics, health-related habits, psychological symptoms, dietary intake, and sleep patterns (including quality and duration) were collected using self-report questionnaires...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332686/no-evidence-for-an-epidemiological-transition-in-sleep-patterns-among-children-a-12-country-study
#4
Taru Manyanga, Joel D Barnes, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between socioeconomic status (SES; household income and parental education) and objectively measured sleep patterns (sleep duration, sleep efficiency, and bedtime) among children from around the world and explore how the relationships differ across country levels of human development. DESIGN: Multinational, cross-sectional study from sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332673/prevalence-and-comorbidity-of-sleep-conditions-in-australian-adults-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#5
Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Carol J Lang, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Nigel P Stocks, David A González-Chica, Robert J Adams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sleep conditions (obstructive sleep apnea [OSA], insomnia symptoms, simple snoring, and restless legs) and their associated burden of chronic conditions in a community sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, N = 1011. MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional national online survey assessed diagnosed OSA, OSA symptoms, insomnia symptoms, sleep problems, excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥11), and physician-diagnosed health conditions (heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, reflux disease, lung disease, depression, anxiety/panic disorder, arthritis)...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329105/daily-sitting-time-associated-with-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adolescents
#6
Ki Nam Bae, Hye Ryun Kim, Young-Jun Rhie, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Hyo-Kyoung Nam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between daily sitting time and the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data from 486 adolescents aged 12-18 years were obtained from national surveys. Daily sitting time was measured using questionnaires and divided into three intervals: <8 h; 8-12 h; and ≥12 h. RESULTS: The mean daily sitting time and prevalence of positive metabolic components were 620...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327339/electronic-registry-for-the-management-of-childhood-obesity-in-greece
#7
Penio Kassari, Panagiotis Papaioannou, Antonis Billiris, Haralampos Karanikas, Stergiani Eleftheriou, Eleftherios Thireos, Yannis Manios, George P Chrousos, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem in our century. In Greece, more than 30-35% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using information and communication technologies, we developed a "National Registry for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence" for guidance and training of Pediatricians and General Practitioners. The application supports interoperability with other national infrastructures and multi-layered security spanning preventive, detective and administrative controls...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325602/bile-acid-metabolism-in-liver-pathobiology
#8
John Y L Chiang, Jessica M Ferrell
Bile acids facilitate intestinal nutrient absorption and biliary cholesterol secretion to maintain bile acid homeostasis, which is essential for protecting liver and other tissues and cells from cholesterol and bile acid toxicity. Bile acid metabolism is tightly regulated by bile acid synthesis in the liver and bile acid biotransformation in the intestine. Bile acids are endogenous ligands that activate a complex network of nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor and membrane G protein-coupled bile acid receptor-1 to regulate hepatic lipid and glucose metabolic homeostasis and energy metabolism...
January 11, 2018: Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322617/preview-prevention-of-diabetes-through-lifestyle-intervention-in-a-multicentre-study-in-europe-in-children-10-17y-design-methods-and-baseline-results
#9
Elke Dorenbos, Mathijs Drummen, Jesse Rijks, Tanja Adam, Pauline Stouthart, J Alfredo Martínez, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Gareth Stratton, Nils Swindell, Mikael Fogelholm, Anne Raben, Margriet Westerterp-Plantenga, Anita Vreugdenhil
Insulin resistance (IR) in adolescence is associated with T2DM. The PREVIEW study assesses the effectiveness of a high-protein, low-glycaemic index diet and moderate-protein, moderate-glycaemic index diet to decrease IR in insulin resistant children with overweight/obesity. Inclusion criteria were age 10-17y, HOMA-IR≥2.0 and overweight/obesity. In 126 children (13.6±2.2y, BMI z-score 3.04±0.66, HOMA-IR 3.48±2.28) anthropometrics, fat mass percentage (FM%), metabolic parameters, physical activity, food intake and sleep were measured...
January 11, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321841/reversed-gender-ratio-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-smith-magenis-syndrome
#10
Heidi Elisabeth Nag, Ann Nordgren, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Terje Nærland
Background: A substantial amount of research shows a higher rate of autistic type of problems in males compared to females. The 4:1 male to female ratio is one of the most consistent findings in autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Lately, the interest in studying ASD in genetic disorders has increased, and research has shown a higher prevalence of ASD in some genetic disorders than in the general population.Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a rare and complex genetic syndrome caused by an interstitial deletion of chromosome 17p11...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319835/gastrisk-bypass-fyller-50-%C3%A3-r-fetmaoperationen-som-visade-sig-fungera-mot-diabetes
#11
Per Videhult
Mason performed the first gastric bypass (GBP) for obesity in 1967 after having observed substantial weight loss in patients operated for gastric ulcer.  The weight loss after GBP is 30 % and 2/3 of patients with type II diabetes can stop their medication. Half of the patients can stop medication for hypertension or hyperlipidemia, 75% are cured from reflux and obstructive sleep apnea. GBP prolongs survival especially among diabetics. Restriction and malabsorption is of minor importance for weight loss. The mechanisms underlying weight loss and diabetes remissions are endocrine...
January 9, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318372/severe-obstructive-sleep-disorders-in-prader-willi-syndrome-patients-in-southern-italy
#12
Angelo Canora, Adriana Franzese, Enza Mozzillo, Valentina Fattorusso, Marialuisa Bocchino, Alessandro Sanduzzi
Sleep-related disordered breathing (SDB) is very common in paediatric patients affected by Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). However, data addressing SBD patterns and their management are lacking. The aim of the present study was to analyse SDB features in 14 PWS patients (age range, 8 months-17 years). Polygraphic registration (PG) during a 12-h nocturnal sleep was performed in all patients. Obstructive and central apnoea indices and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were recorded along with demographic and clinical data...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315434/recognizable-clinical-subtypes-of-osa-across-a-worldwide-sleep-center-population-a-cluster-analysis
#13
Brendan T Keenan, Jinyoung Kim, Bhajan Singh, Lia Bittencourt, Ning-Hung Chen, Peter A Cistulli, Ulysses Magalang, Nigel McArdle, Jesse W Mindel, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Erna Sif Arnardottir, Lisa Kristin Prochnow, Thomas Penzel, Bernd Sanner, Richard Schwab, Chol Shin, Kate Sutherland, Sergio Tufik, Greg Maislin, Thorarinn Gislason, Allan I Pack
Study Objectives: A recent study of moderate-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients in Iceland identified 3 clinical clusters based on symptoms and comorbidities. We sought to verify this finding in a new cohort in Iceland and examine the generalizability of OSA clusters in an international ethnically diverse cohort. Methods: Using data on 972 moderate-severe OSA patients [apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥15 events/hour] recruited from the Sleep Apnea Global Interdisciplinary Consortium (SAGIC) we performed a latent class analysis of 18 self-reported symptom variables, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and diabetes...
January 5, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312456/association-of-sleep-duration-with-apolipoproteins-and-the-apolipoprotein-b-a1-ratio-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#14
Huihui Ren, Zhelong Liu, Xinrong Zhou, Gang Yuan
Background: Short sleep duration has been related to established cardiovascular risk factors, likely obesity, diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia. However, to the best of our knowledge, the associations between sleep duration and apolipoprotein concentrations and their ratios have not been investigated to date. This study aimed to explore the independent relationship of sleep duration with apolipoprotein (apo) A1, apoB and the apoB/apoA1 ratio in a Chinese adult population. Methods: Data from 7381 participants, aged 18 to 75 years, from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2009 were analysed in this cross-sectional study...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310640/the-coaching-on-lifestyle-cool-intervention-for-obesity-a-study-protocol-for-an-action-oriented-mixed-methods-study
#15
Celeste E van Rinsum, Sanne M P L Gerards, Geert M Rutten, Ien A M van de Goor, Stef P J Kremers
BACKGROUND: Combined lifestyle interventions (CLIs) have proved to be effective in changing and maintaining behavioural lifestyle changes and reducing overweight and obesity, in clinical and real-world settings. In this CLI, lifestyle coaches are expected to promote lifestyle changes of participants regarding physical activity and diet. In the Coaching on Lifestyle (CooL) intervention, which takes a period of 8 to 10 months, lifestyle coaches counsel adults and children aged 4 years and older (and their parents) who are obese or are overweight with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases or type II diabetes...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306907/new-aspects-in-the-pathomechanism-of-diseases-of-civilization-particularly-psychosomatic-disorders-part-2-chronic-hypocapnia-and-hypercapnia-in-the-medical-practice
#16
Andras Sikter, Zoltan Rihmer, Roberto de Guevara
The authors seek to find new connections between recent results of biology and older theories. This paper aims to assemble the jigsaw puzzle. The theoretical background of the hypothesis was described in the previous issue of the journal (Sikter et al. 2017a). Human stress response often coexists with persistent hypocapnia or hypercapnia - developing via psychosomatic pathomechanism - which can lead to mental and psychosomatic illnesses. Chronic hypocapnia mainly generates hyperarousal disorders which may be reversible for an extended time, however, vicious cycles may start when hypoxia and/or severe somatic diseases are simultaneously present (commonly in the elderly), which conditions often end with death without medical help...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305826/hepcidin-soluble-transferrin-receptor-and-il-6-levels-in-obese-children-and-adolescents-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-their-association-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
S Shalitin, V Deutsch, R Tauman
PURPOSE: Obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are associated with chronic low-grade inflammation. Iron metabolism is linked with insulin-resistant states and with OSA in adults. The association of body iron status with T2DM in children remains undefined. We aimed to evaluate plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), hepcidin, and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels in obese patients with T2DM or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and in those without, and the contribution of OSA to their levels...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304393/factors-associated-with-insomnia-in-pregnancy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
R M Román-Gálvez, C Amezcua-Prieto, I Salcedo-Bellido, J M Martínez-Galiano, K S Khan, A Bueno-Cavanillas
OBJECTIVE: To quantify insomnia and their components in a longitudinal cohort of pregnant women and factors associated with insomnia. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort of 486 healthy singleton pregnancies assembled before the 14th gestational week (February 2013 to March 2016). Insomnia data were collected pre-gestationally, in each trimester and six months post-partum, analysing five different moments. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to generate adjusted Odds Ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) of determinants of insomnia in each trimester, defined using Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) as score ≥8...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302923/different-polysomnographic-patterns-in-military-veterans-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-those-with-and-without-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Fariborz Rezaeitalab, Naghmeh Mokhber, Yalda Ravanshad, Soheila Saberi, Fariba Rezaeetalab
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent disorder among military veterans. The goal of this study is to compare the polysomnographic patterns of OSA in military veterans who have a history of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with those of veterans who have not PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two Iranian military male veterans were classified into two groups: those with PTSD (40 cases) and those without PTSD (32 cases). Each participant was diagnosed with OSA using an overnight polysomnography, during which sleep-related parameters such as sleep efficiency (SE) and apnea-related events were detected...
January 4, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301595/secreted-frizzled-related-protein-5-sfrp5-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
Dong-Mei Zhang, Rong Huang, Yi Xiao, Feng-Ying Gong, Xu Zhong, Jin-Mei Luo
Objective Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is closely related to obesity, insulin resistance and inflammation. Secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (SFRP5) is a recently discovered adipokine. It is involved in insulin resistance and inflammation in obesity. This study aimed at evaluating the association between SFRP5 and sleeping characteristics as well as biochemical parameters of OSA patients. Methods This was a prospective case control study. Nondiabetic OSA patients and controls were consecutively recruited and divided into three groups: OSA group, apnea-hypopnea Index (AHI)≥5/h; healthy controls with normal body mass index (BMI); obese controls without OSA, and BMI > 24...
December 30, 2017: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
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