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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444173/tac1-signaling-is-required-for-sexual-maturation-and-responsiveness-of-gnrh-neurons-to-kisspeptin-in-the-male-mouse
#1
Caroline A Maguire, Yong Bhum Song, Min Wu, Silvia León, Rona S Carroll, Meenakshi Alreja, Ursula B Kaiser, Víctor M Navarro
The tachykinins substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA) (Tac1) have emerged as novel regulators of kisspeptin/GnRH release. Recently, we documented that SP modulates reproductive function in the female mouse. Here, we extended this characterization to the male mouse. Tac1-/- male mice showed delayed puberty onset. They also presented significantly decreased expression levels of Pdyn (dynorphin) and Nos1 (nitric oxide synthase) in the mediobasal hypothalamus and elevated Gnrh1 levels. Unexpectedly, the response of Tac1-/- mice to central kisspeptin or senktide (neurokinin B receptor -NK3R- agonist) administration was significantly decreased compared with controls, despite the preserved ability of GnRH neurons to stimulate LH release as demonstrated by central NMDA administration, suggesting a deficit at the GnRH neuron level...
April 21, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438528/molecular-characterization-of-kiss2-receptor-and-in-vitro-effects-of-kiss2-on-reproduction-related-gene-expression-in-the-hypothalamus-of-half-smooth-tongue-sole-cynoglossus-semilaevis
#2
Bin Wang, Quan Liu, Xuezhou Liu, Yongjiang Xu, Bao Shi
Kisspeptin (Kiss) and its receptor, KissR (previously known as GPR54), play a critical role in the control of reproduction and puberty onset in mammals. Additionally, a number of studies have provided evidence of the existence of multiple Kiss/KissR systems in teleosts, but the physiological relevance and functions of these kisspeptin forms (Kiss1 and Kiss2) still remain to be investigated. To this end, we examined the direct actions of Kiss2 on hypothalamic functions in the half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis), a representative species of the order Pleuronectiformes...
April 21, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437358/integrated-multidimensional-maturity-assessments-predicting-the-high-risk-occurrence-of-peak-angle-velocity-during-puberty-in-progressive-female-idiopathic-scoliosis
#3
Benlong Shi, Saihu Mao, Leilei Xu, Xu Sun, Zezhang Zhu, Bangping Qian, Zhen Liu, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Yong Qiu
STUDY DESIGN: A consecutive and prospective longitudinal study. OBJECTIVE: To propose an integrated multidimensional maturity assessment that was designated as forming a reliable system precisely predicting the high-risk occurrence of peak angle velocity (PAV) in a group of progressive braced female idiopathic scoliosis (IS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Scoliosis deterioration is believed to keep pace with the evolution of skeletal maturity during puberty...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432332/involvement-of-gonadotropin-inhibitory-hormone-in-pubertal-disorders-induced-by-thyroid-status
#4
Mika Kiyohara, You Lee Son, Kazuyoshi Tsutsui
Thyroid disorders cause abnormal puberty, indicating interactions between the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) and hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axes, which are important in pubertal development. The hypothalamic gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) was shown to be decreased in the early prepubertal stage, suggesting the role of GnIH on pubertal onset. Here, we investigated whether thyroid dysfunction affects pubertal onset in female mice via GnIH regulation. Hypothyroidism showed delayed pubertal onset with increased GnIH expression and reduced pituitary-gonadal activity...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427900/molecular-cloning-and-characterization-of-kiss1-in-brandt-s-voles-lasiopodomys-brandtii
#5
Yan Chen, Lan Liu, Zhengguang Li, Dawei Wang, Ning Li, Ying Song, Cong Guo, Xiaohui Liu
Kisspeptin, encoded by kiss1, has been regarded as a major modulator of mammalian puberty and fertility due to its stimulation on GnRH. Brandt's vole is one of the main pest species on the Inner Mongolian steppes for its striking reproductive capacity and kiss1 is a key candidate gene related to reproductive regulatory cascades. In this study, kiss1 cDNA was cloned from the hypothalamus of Brandt's voles and kiss1 mRNA levels were investigated in different tissues, and at different developmental stages, using high-throughput real-time PCR...
April 18, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424059/insight-into-human-pubertal-growth-by-applying-the-qeps-growth-model
#6
Anton Holmgren, Aimon Niklasson, Lars Gelander, A Stefan Aronson, Andreas F M Nierop, Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland
BACKGROUND: Computerized mathematical models describing absolute and relative individual growth during puberty in both cm and standard deviation (SD)-scores are lacking. The present study aimed to fill this gap, by applying the QEPS-model that delineates mathematically the specific pubertal functions of the total growth curve. METHODS: Study population used was the individual growth curves of the longitudinally followed cohort GrowUp1974 Gothenburg (n = 2280)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408413/distinct-physiological-maturation-of-parvalbumin-positive-neuron-subtypes-in-mouse-prefrontal-cortex
#7
Takeaki Miyamae, Kehui Chen, David A Lewis, Guillermo Gonzalez Burgos
Parvalbumin-positive (PV(+)) neurons control the timing of pyramidal cell output in cortical neuron networks. In the prefrontal cortex (PFC), PV(+) neuron activity is involved in cognitive function, suggesting that PV(+) neuron maturation is critical for cognitive development. The two major PV(+) neuron subtypes found in the PFC, chandelier (ChCs) and basket cells (BCs), are thought to play different roles in cortical circuits, but the trajectories of their physiological maturation have not been compared. Using two separate mouse lines, we found that in the mature PFC both ChCs and BCs are abundant in the superficial layer 2, but only BCs are present in deeper laminar locations...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397355/sex-differences-in-athletic-performance-emerge-coinciding-with-the-onset-of-male-puberty
#8
David J Handelsman
BACKGROUND: Male performance in athletic events begins to exceed that of age-matched females during early adolescence but the timing of this divergence relative to the onset of male puberty and the rise of circulating testosterone remains poorly defined. DESIGN: This study is a secondary quantitative analysis of four published sources which aimed to define the timing of the gender divergence in athletic performance and relating it to the rise in circulating testosterone due to male puberty...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394509/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-risk-for-first-episode-major-depression-during-the-menopause-transition
#9
C Neill Epperson, Mary D Sammel, Tracy L Bale, Deborah R Kim, Sarah Conlin, Stephanie Scalice, Katharine Freeman, Ellen W Freeman
OBJECTIVE: Stress exposures may have a differential impact on risk and resilience for depression depending on their timing across development. We sought to determine whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and their onset with respect to puberty contribute to the increased risk observed in first-episode major depressive disorder (MDD) during the menopause transition. METHODS: Participants were from the Penn Ovarian Aging Study cohort, which is composed of women from Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, who underwent behavioral, cognitive, and endocrine evaluations approximately yearly from 1996 to 2012 and completed the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire at study end point (n = 243)...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388912/environmental-pollutants-a-possible-etiology-for-premature-ovarian-insufficiency-a-narrative-review-of-animal-and-human-data
#10
REVIEW
Pauline Vabre, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Véronique Gayrard, Nicole Picard-Hagen, Jean Parinaud, Roger D Leandri
BACKGROUND: Because only 25% of cases of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) have a known etiology, the aim of this review was to summarize the associations and mechanisms of the impact of the environment on this pathology. Eligible studies were selected from an electronic literature search from the PUBMED database from January 2000 to February 2016 and associated references in published studies. Search terms included ovary, follicle, oocyte, endocrine disruptor, environmental exposure, occupational exposure, environmental contaminant, pesticide, polyaromatic hydrocarbon, polychlorinated biphenyl PCB, phenol, bisphenol, flame retardant, phthalate, dioxin, phytoestrogen, tobacco, smoke, cigarette, cosmetic, xenobiotic...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364790/the-effects-of-melatonin-on-oxidative-stress-and-prevention-of-primordial-follicle-loss-via-activation-of-mtor-pathway-in-the-rat-ovary
#11
Y Behram Kandemir, C Aydin, G Gorgisen
Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has important roles in the regulation of puberty onset, gonadotropin secretion, follicular development and ovulation. Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is a lipophilic hormone has multiple functions in regulating the fertility. Recent studies have shown that melatonin affected the number or maturation of follicles in the ovary. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of melatonin on mTOR expression and quantity of follicle in rat ovary...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364296/juvenile-onset-myasthenia-gravis-autoantibody-status-clinical-characteristics-and-genetic-polymorphisms
#12
Yu Hong, Geir Olve Skeie, Paraskevi Zisimopoulou, Katerina Karagiorgou, Socrates J Tzartos, Xiang Gao, Yao-Xian Yue, Fredrik Romi, Xu Zhang, Hai-Feng Li, Nils Erik Gilhus
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder mediated by antibodies against proteins at the neuromuscular junction. Juvenile-onset MG (JMG) has been reported to have special characteristics. It is still unclear whether there are any pathogenic and genetic differences between juvenile and adult MG. In this study, we evaluated the clinical characteristics, autoantibody status (antibodies against AChR, MuSK, LRP4, titin and RyR) and genetic susceptibility (CHRNA1, CTLA4 and AIRE) in 114 Chinese JMG patients, and compared with 207 young adult MG patients (onset age 18-40 years)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364286/adult-height-after-spontaneous-pubertal-growth-or-gnrh-analog-treatment-in-girls-with-early-puberty-a-meta-analysis
#13
Silvano Bertelloni, Francesco Massart, Mario Miccoli, Giampiero I Baroncelli
Early puberty (EP) has been defined as the onset of puberty in the low-normal range; it may be a cause for concern regarding a possible impairment of adult height (AH). This paper meta-analysed data on AH after spontaneous growth or after gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog treatment in girls with EP. A computerized literature search was conducted from 1980 to June 30, 2016. Only published studies in English were considered. Eight papers were selected (483 cases). In untreated girls (n = 300), predicted adult height (PAH) at start of follow-up (-0...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357399/loss-of-pi3k-p110%C3%AE-in-the-adipose-tissue-results-in-infertility-and-delayed-puberty-onset-in-male-mice
#14
Victoria L Boughton Nelson, Ariel L Negrón, Inefta Reid, Justin A Thomas, Leon Yang, Richard Z Lin, Maricedes Acosta-Martínez
Deletion of PI3K catalytic subunit p110α in adipose tissue (aP2-Cre/p110α(flx/flx), α-/- hereafter) results in increased adiposity, glucose intolerance, and liver steatosis. Because this endocrine organ releases hormones like leptin, which are important in reproductive physiology, we investigated the reproductive phenotype of α-/- males. Compared to controls, α-/- males displayed delayed onset of puberty accompanied by a reduction in plasma LH levels and testicular weight. At postnatal day 30, α-/- mice exhibited normal body weight but elevated fasted plasma leptin levels...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356306/effect-of-age-and-sex-on-the-qtc-interval-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-and-2-long-qt-syndrome
#15
Arja S Vink, Sally-Ann B Clur, Ronald B Geskus, Andreas C Blank, Charlotte C A De Kezel, Masao Yoshinaga, Nynke Hofman, Arthur A M Wilde, Nico A Blom
BACKGROUND: In congenital long-QT syndrome, age, sex, and genotype have been associated with cardiac events, but their effect on the trend in QTc interval has never been established. We, therefore, aimed to assess the effect of age and sex on the QTc interval in children and adolescents with type 1 (LQT1) and type 2 (LQT2) long-QT syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: QTc intervals of 12-lead resting electrocardiograms were determined, and trends over time were analyzed using a linear mixed-effects model...
April 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349448/neonatal-onset-hereditary-coproporphyria-a-new-variant-of-hereditary-coproporphyria
#16
Kosei Hasegawa, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Miho Yamashita, Yousuke Higuchi, Takayuki Miyai, Junko Yoshimoto, Ayumi Okada, Norihiro Suzuki, Keiji Iwatsuki, Hirokazu Tsukahara
Genetic mutation of the coproporphyrinogen oxidase (CPOX) gene causes either hereditary coproporphyria (HCP) or harderoporphyria. HCP, a rare hepatic porphyria, causes acute attacks after puberty and rarely accompanies cutaneous symptoms. In contrast, harderoporphyria is an erythropoietic porphyria that represents photosensitivity and hemolytic anemia from the neonatal period. In patients with harderoporphyria, the p.Lys404Glu mutation is found in the homozygous or compound heterozygous state with another mutation, and a marked increase in harderoporphyrin is observed...
March 28, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347601/scoliosis-in-rett-syndrome-progression-comorbidities-and-predictors
#17
John T Killian, Jane B Lane, Hye-Seung Lee, Steve A Skinner, Walter E Kaufmann, Daniel G Glaze, Jeffrey L Neul, Alan K Percy
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is prominent in Rett syndrome (RTT). Following the prior report from the US Natural History Study, the onset and progression of severe scoliosis (≥40° Cobb angle) and surgery were examined regarding functional capabilities and specific genotypes, addressing the hypothesis that abnormal muscle tone, poor oral feeding, puberty, and delays or absence of sitting balance and ambulation may be responsible for greater risk in RTT. METHODS: The multicenter RTT Natural History Study gathered longitudinal data for classic RTT, including mutation type, scoliosis, muscle tone, sitting, ambulation, hand function, and feeding...
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346489/gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-receptor-gnrhr-gene-knock-out-normal-growth-and-development-of-sensory-motor-and-spatial-orientation-behavior-but-altered-metabolism-in-neonatal-and-prepubertal-mice
#18
Ellen R Busby, Nancy M Sherwood
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is important in the control of reproduction, but its actions in non-reproductive processes are less well known. In this study we examined the effect of disrupting the GnRH receptor in mice to determine if growth, metabolism or behaviors that are not associated with reproduction were affected. To minimize the effects of other hormones such as FSH, LH and sex steroids, the neonatal-prepubertal period of 2 to 28 days of age was selected. The study shows that regardless of sex or phenotype in the Gnrhr gene knockout line, there was no significant difference in the daily development of motor control, sensory detection or spatial orientation among the wildtype, heterozygous or null mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344041/stat5-signaling-in-kisspeptin-cells-regulates-the-timing-of-puberty
#19
Marina Augusto Silveira, Isadora C Furigo, Thais T Zampieri, Tabata M Bohlen, Daniella G de Paula, Celso Rodrigues Franci, Jose Donato, Renata Frazao
Previous studies have shown that kisspeptin neurons are important mediators of prolactin's effects on reproduction. However, the cellular mechanisms recruited by prolactin to affect kisspeptin neurons remain unknown. Using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of brain slices from kisspeptin reporter mice, we observed that 20% of kisspeptin neurons in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus was indirectly depolarized by prolactin via an unknown population of prolactin responsive neurons. This effect required the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling pathway...
March 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339619/relationship-of-neuropeptide-ff-receptors-with-pubertal-maturation-of-gilts-%C3%A2
#20
Jennifer F Thorson, Neely L Heidorn, Vitaly Ryu, Krzysztof Czaja, Danny J Nonneman, C Richard Barb, Gary J Hausman, Gary A Rohrer, Ligia D Prezotto, Richard B McCosh, Elane C Wright, Brett R White, Bradley A Freking, William T Oliver, Stanley M Hileman, Clay A Lents
Mechanisms governing the timing of puberty in pigs are poorly understood. A genome-wide association study for age at first estrus in pigs identified candidate genes including neuropeptide FF receptor 2 (NPFFR2), which is a putative receptor for RFamide-related peptides (RFRP). RFRP has been shown to negatively regulate secretion of reproductive hormones from hypothalamic and pituitary tissue of pigs in culture. Here, the porcine NPFFR2 gene was further screened and four potentially functional variants were identified to be associated with age at first estrus in pigs (1,288 gilts)...
March 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
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