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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449591/familial-risks-between-urolithiasis-and-cancer
#1
Kari Hemminki, Otto Hemminki, Asta Försti, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist, Xinjun Li
Urolithiasis (UL, urinary tract stone disease) has been reported to increase subsequent cancers in the urinary tract. Recently, we showed data that surveillance bias may be an important confounder in the reported associations. In the present approach we want to address the question of possible cancer risk posed by UL mechanistically. Both UL and cancer have strong genetic components and we hypothesize that familial association between UL and cancer may be plausible. We thus assess familial risks between UL and cancer, hoping to find an explanation why UL may pose a risk of cancer...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444095/social-class-social-mobility-and-alcohol-related-disorders-in-swedish-men-and-women-a-study-of-four-generations
#2
Anna Sidorchuk, Anna Goodman, Ilona Koupil
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether and how social class and social mobility in grandparents and parents predict alcohol-related disorders (ARDs) in males and females aged 12+ years, and whether intergenerational social prediction of ARDs varies across time periods. METHODS: The study sample included four successive generations (G) of Swedish families from the Uppsala Birth Cohort Multigenerational Study: G0 born 1851-1912; G1 born 1915-1929; G2 born 1940-1964 and G3 born 1965-1989...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402159/death-is-not-the-end-a-register-based-study-of-the-effect-of-parental-death-on-adult-children-s-childbearing-behavior-in-sweden
#3
Johan Dahlberg
Macro-level studies have shown that rapid increases in mortality can affect fertility rates. Parental death has also been linked to negative psychological and physical outcomes, reduced relationship quality, and making bereaved children attach more importance to their families. No prior study has examined whether parental death influences adult children's fertility at the microlevel. This study applies event history techniques to Swedish multigeneration registers listing 1.5 million individuals with micro data on mortality and fertility to investigate short-term (first birth risk) and long-term (childlessness at age 45) effects of parental death on adult children's fertility...
January 1, 2018: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334503/family-history-of-autoimmune-diseases-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer-a-national-cohort-study
#4
Jianguang Ji, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
A personal history of autoimmune diseases is associated with an increased incidence of gastric cancer, but whether they share familial susceptibility is still unknown. The contribution of shared environmental or genetic factors toward the observed familial aggregation has not been determined. We used a few Swedish registers, including the Swedish Multigeneration Register and the Cancer Register, to examine the familial risk of gastric cancer among individuals with a family history of a set of autoimmune diseases...
May 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235239/familial-risks-in-urolithiasis-in-the-population-of-sweden
#5
Kari Hemminki, Otto Hemminki, Asta Försti, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist, Xinjun Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess detailed familial risks for medically diagnosed urolithiasis (UL, urinary tract stone disease) based on nationwide hospital and population records. PATIENTS/SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were identified from the Swedish Multigeneration Register in which there were 211 718 patients with UL. Standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated by comparison to individuals without a family history of UL. RESULTS: The highest familial SIRs were invariably found for the same (concordant) type of UL: 2...
March 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188292/association-of-the-world-war-ii-finnish-evacuation-of-children-with-psychiatric-hospitalization-in-the-next-generation
#6
Torsten Santavirta, Nina Santavirta, Stephen E Gilman
Importance: Although there is evidence that adverse childhood experiences are associated with worse mental health in adulthood, scarce evidence is available regarding an emerging concern that the next generation might also be affected. Objective: To compare the risk of psychiatric hospitalization in cousins whose parents were vs were not exposed to the Finnish evacuation policy that involved a mean 2-year stay with a Swedish foster family. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multigenerational, population-based cohort study of Finnish individuals and their siblings born between January 1, 1933, and December 31, 1944, analyzed the association of evacuee status as a child during World War II in the first generation with the risk of psychiatric hospitalization among offspring in the second generation...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133949/a-total-population-multigenerational-family-clustering-study-of-autoimmune-diseases-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-tourette-s-chronic-tic-disorders
#7
D Mataix-Cols, E Frans, A Pérez-Vigil, R Kuja-Halkola, C Gromark, K Isomura, L Fernández de la Cruz, E Serlachius, J F Leckman, J J Crowley, C Rück, C Almqvist, P Lichtenstein, H Larsson
The association between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette's/chronic tic disorders (TD/CTD) with autoimmune diseases (ADs) is uncertain. In this nationwide study, we sought to clarify the patterns of comorbidity and familial clustering of a broad range of ADs in individuals with OCD, individuals with TD/CTD and their biological relatives. From a birth cohort of 7 465 455 individuals born in Sweden between 1940 and 2007, we identified 30 082 OCD and 7279 TD/CTD cases in the National Patient Register and followed them up to 31 December 2013...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119001/a-swedish-national-adoption-study-of-risk-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs
#8
Rasmus Waehrens, Bengt Zöller, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist, MirNabi Pirouzifard
Objectives: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) clusters in families, but the familial risk of IBS has not been determined in adoptees. Studying adoptees and their biological and adoptive parents is a strong study design for separating genetic from environmental causes of familial clustering. This nationwide study aimed to separate the biological (genetic) and familial environmental contribution to the familial transmission of IBS. Methods: We performed a family study for Swedish-born adoptees born from 1951 until 1995, and their biological and adoptive parents...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806110/-anteposition-in-malignant-hematologic-diseases-of-siblings-in-szabolcs-szatm%C3%A3-r-bereg-county-hungary-analysis-of-data-of-a-34-year-period
#9
János Jakó, László Szerafin
INTRODUCTION: In their previous works, the authors reported findings from familial hematologic malignancies in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, Hungary. So far there are no other studies on this topic available in Hungary. AIM: Detailed analysis of epidemiologic features of hematologic malignancies of siblings. METHOD: During a 34-year period (between January 1, 1983 and December 31, 2016), 86 families with hematologic malignancies were recorded in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622158/association-of-family-history-of-type-2-diabetes-with-prostate-cancer-a-national-cohort-study
#10
Jianguang Ji, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Personal history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a lower incidence of prostate cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. We hypothesized that genetic factors that are involved in the development of T2DM might protect against prostate cancer. METHODS: We used a few Swedish registers, including the Swedish Multigeneration Register and the Cancer Register, to examine the risk of prostate cancer among men with a family history of T2DM...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283943/venous-thromboembolism-does-not-share-familial-susceptibility-with-retinal-vascular-occlusion-or-glaucoma-a-nationwide-family-study
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bengt Zöller, Xinjun Li, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Inherited hypercoagulable states (i.e. thrombophilia) have been suggested to be involved in retinal vascular occlusion but results are divergent. Vascular micronutrition and ischemia have been hypothesised to be involved in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. This nationwide study determines the importance of family history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) as a risk factor for retinal vein occlusion (RVO), retinal artery occlusion (RAO), primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG)...
November 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174879/incidence-and-familial-risk-of-pleural-mesothelioma-in-sweden-a-national-cohort-study
#12
Jianguang Ji, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Familial clustering of pleural mesothelioma was reported previously, but none of the reports quantified the familial risk of mesothelioma or the association with other cancers. The contributions of shared environmental or genetic factors to the aggregation of mesothelioma were unknown.We used a number of Swedish registers, including the Swedish Multigeneration Register and the Swedish Cancer Register, to examine the familial risk of mesothelioma in offspring. Standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) were used to calculate the risk...
September 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607037/u-shaped-association-of-body-mass-index-in-early-adulthood-with-unintentional-mortality-from-injuries-a-cohort-study-of-swedish-men-with-35-years-of-follow-up
#13
T Jia, P Tynelius, F Rasmussen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the dose-response association between body mass index (BMI) in young adulthood and the risk of mortality caused by unintentional injuries. METHODS: We performed a cohort study including 7 43 398 men identified by linkage of the Multigeneration Register and the Military Service Conscription Register. Cox regression models were used to examine crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of the relationships between BMI at age 18-20 years and the risk of death from all unintentional injuries as well as from specific unintentional injuries...
May 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26407789/etiological-overlap-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-cohort-multigenerational-family-and-twin-study
#14
Martin Cederlöf, Laura M Thornton, Jessica Baker, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Christian Rück, Cynthia M Bulik, David Mataix-Cols
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) often co-occurs with anorexia nervosa (AN), a comorbid profile that complicates the clinical management of both conditions. This population-based study aimed to examine patterns of comorbidity, longitudinal risks, shared familial risks and shared genetic factors between OCD and AN at the population level. Participants were individuals with a diagnosis of OCD (N=19,814) or AN (N=8,462) in the Swedish National Patient Register between January 1992 and December 2009; their first-, second- and third-degree relatives; and population-matched (1:10 ratio) unaffected comparison individuals and their relatives...
October 2015: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26083307/familial-risks-of-tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
David Mataix-Cols, Kayoko Isomura, Ana Pérez-Vigil, Zheng Chang, Christian Rück, K Johan Larsson, James F Leckman, Eva Serlachius, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein
IMPORTANCE: Tic disorders, including Tourette syndrome (TS) and chronic tic disorders (CTDs), are assumed to be strongly familial and heritable. Although gene-searching efforts are well under way, precise estimates of familial risk and heritability are lacking. Previous controlled family studies were small and typically conducted within specialist clinics, resulting in potential ascertainment biases. They were also underpowered to disentangle genetic from environmental factors that contribute to the observed familiality...
August 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25855722/sexual-offending-runs-in-families-a-37-year-nationwide-study
#16
Niklas Långström, Kelly M Babchishin, Seena Fazel, Paul Lichtenstein, Thomas Frisell
BACKGROUND: Sexual crime is an important public health concern. The possible causes of sexual aggression, however, remain uncertain. METHODS: We examined familial aggregation and the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to sexual crime by linking longitudinal, nationwide Swedish crime and multigenerational family registers. We included all men convicted of any sexual offence (N = 21,566), specifically rape of an adult (N = 6131) and child molestation (N = 4465), from 1973 to 2009...
April 2015: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25746486/a-life-course-study-of-cognitive-reserve-in-dementia-from-childhood-to-old-age
#17
Serhiy Dekhtyar, Hui-Xin Wang, Kirk Scott, Anna Goodman, Ilona Koupil, Agneta Herlitz
OBJECTIVE: To test a life-course model of cognitive reserve in dementia and examine if school grades around age 10 years, formal educational attainment, and lifetime occupational complexity affect the risk of dementia in old age. METHODS: 7,574 men and women from the Uppsala Birth Cohort Multigenerational Study were followed for 21 years. Information on school performance, formal education, and occupational attainment was collected prospectively from elementary school archives and population censuses...
September 2015: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25572654/do-eating-disorders-in-parents-predict-eating-disorders-in-children-evidence-from-a-swedish-cohort
#18
H Bould, U Sovio, I Koupil, C Dalman, N Micali, G Lewis, C Magnusson
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether parental eating disorders (ED) predict ED in children, using a large multigeneration register-based sample. METHOD: We used a subset of the Stockholm Youth Cohort born 1984-1995 and resident in Stockholm County in 2001-2007 (N = 286,232), The exposure was a diagnosed eating disorder in a parent; the outcome was any eating disorder diagnosis in their offspring, given by a specialist clinician, or inferred from an appointment at a specialist eating disorder clinic...
July 2015: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25512596/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-psychosis-and-bipolarity-a-longitudinal-cohort-and-multigenerational-family-study
#19
Martin Cederlöf, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Marcus Boman, Christian Rück, Mikael Landén, David Mataix-Cols
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) often co-occurs with psychotic and bipolar disorders; this comorbidity complicates the clinical management of these conditions. In this population-based longitudinal and multigenerational family study, we examined the patterns of comorbidity, longitudinal risks, and shared familial risks between these disorders. Participants were individuals with a diagnosis of OCD (n = 19,814), schizophrenia (n = 58,336), bipolar disorder (n = 48,180), and schizoaffective disorder (n = 14,904) included in the Swedish Patient Register between January 1969 and December 2009; their first-, second-, and third-degree relatives; and population-matched (1:10 ratio) unaffected comparison individuals and their relatives...
September 2015: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25418518/to-what-extent-is-the-familial-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-explained-by-established-rheumatoid-arthritis-risk-factors
#20
Xia Jiang, Thomas Frisell, Johan Askling, Elizabeth W Karlson, Lars Klareskog, Lars Alfredsson, Henrik Källberg
OBJECTIVE: Family history of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the strongest risk factors for developing RA, and information on family history is, therefore, routinely collected in clinical practice. However, as more genetic and environmental risk factors shared by relatives are identified, the importance of family history may diminish. The aim of this study was to determine how much of the familial risk of RA can be explained by established genetic and nongenetic risk factors. METHODS: History of RA among first-degree relatives of individuals in the Epidemiological Investigation of Rheumatoid Arthritis case-control study was assessed through linkage to the Swedish Multigeneration Register and the Swedish Patient Register...
February 2015: Arthritis & Rheumatology
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