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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715670/estimated-lifetime-effective-dose-to-hunters-and-their-families-in-the-three-most-contaminated-counties-in-sweden-after-the-chernobyl-nuclear-power-plant-accident-in-1986-a-pilot-study
#1
Martin Tondel, Christopher Rääf, Robert Wålinder, Afrah Mamour, Mats Isaksson
Hunters and their families were one of the most exposed subpopulations in Sweden after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident in 1986. In this pilot study we used existing registries and whole-body measurements to develop algorithms to calculate lifetime effective doses and collective doses to some hunters in Sweden. Ten hunters and their family members were randomly selected from each of the three most contaminated counties in Sweden (Västernorrland, Uppsala, Gävleborg) using the register for hunting weapons from the Police Authority in 1985...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714793/equivalent-knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-scores-12-and-24-months-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-results-from-the-swedish-national-knee-ligament-register
#2
Kristian Samuelsson, Robert A Magnussen, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Ferid Krupic, Kurt P Spindler, Christer Johansson, Magnus Forssblad, Jón Karlsson
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) results will be different 1 or 2 years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PURPOSE: To investigate within individual patients enrolled in the Swedish National Knee Ligament Register whether there is equivalence between KOOS at 1 and 2 years after primary ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: This cohort study was based on data from the Swedish National Knee Ligament Register during the period January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2013...
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710095/acute-coronary-syndrome-in-new-onset-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-population-based-nationwide-cohort-study-of-time-trends-in-risks-and-excess-risks
#3
Marie Holmqvist, Lotta Ljung, Johan Askling
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and other cardiovascular diseases are the main drivers of the increased morbidity and preterm mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). ACS in RA has been linked to inflammation and RA severity. During recent years and with new therapeutic options and treat-to-target strategies, increasing efforts have been made to reach RA remission as soon as possible after diagnosis, and the average level of RA disease activity has declined. Whether this has resulted in declining excess risks for RA comorbidities remains unclear...
July 14, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709451/comparing-very-low-birth-weight-versus-very-low-gestation-cohort-methods-for-outcome-analysis-of-high-risk-preterm-infants
#4
Louise Im Koller-Smith, Prakesh S Shah, Xiang Y Ye, Gunnar Sjörs, Yueping A Wang, Sharon S W Chow, Brian A Darlow, Shoo K Lee, Stellan Håkanson, Kei Lui
BACKGROUND: Compared to very low gestational age (<32 weeks, VLGA) cohorts, very low birth weight (<1500 g; VLBW) cohorts are more prone to selection bias toward small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants, which may impact upon the validity of data for benchmarking purposes. METHOD: Data from all VLGA or VLBW infants admitted in the 3 Networks between 2008 and 2011 were used. Two-thirds of each network cohort was randomly selected to develop prediction models for mortality and composite adverse outcome (CAO: mortality or cerebral injuries, chronic lung disease, severe retinopathy or necrotizing enterocolitis) and the remaining for internal validation...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708240/comparative-analysis-of-general-dental-practitioners-fees-and-scheduled-fees-for-root-canal-treatment-and-coronal-restorations-in-the-adult-population-of-sweden-a-five-year-follow-up-of-data-from-the-swedish-dental-register
#5
E Wigsten, T Kvist, V S Dawson, P-E Isberg, H Fransson
AIM: To investigate the fees charged by Swedish dentists for root fillings, coronal restorations and further dental interventions during a follow-up period of 5-6 years. METHODOLOGY: A total of 248,299 root fillings were linked with the tooth, the patient and the provider and entered into the Swedish Social Insurance Agency register in 2009. The data register also recorded the subsidy-based (scheduled) fee and the fee actually charged for the root fillings. Fees charged for direct or indirect coronal restorations and additional interventions during the follow-up period were also recorded...
July 14, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706114/one-year-incidence-time-trends-and-predictors-of-recurrent-ischemic-stroke-in-sweden-from-1998-to-2010-an-observational-study
#6
Lisa Bergström, Anna-Lotta Irewall, Lars Söderström, Joachim Ögren, Katarina Laurell, Thomas Mooe
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent data on the incidence, time trends, and predictors of recurrent ischemic stroke are limited for unselected patient populations. METHODS: Data for ischemic stroke patients were obtained from The Swedish Stroke Register (Riksstroke) between 1998 and 2009 and merged with The Swedish National Inpatient Register. A reference group of patients was created by Statistics Sweden. The ischemic stroke patient cohort was divided into 4 time periods...
July 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705603/ischemic-heart-disease-in-children-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-sweden
#7
Maria Fedchenko, Zacharias Mandalenakis, Annika Rosengren, Georg Lappas, Peter Eriksson, Kristofer Skoglund, Mikael Dellborg
BACKGROUND: An increasing proportion of congenital heart disease (CoHD) patients survive to an age associated with increased risk of developing ischemic heart disease (IHD). The aim was to investigate the risk of developing IHD among children and young adults with CoHD. METHODS: Using the Swedish National Patient Register, we created a cohort of all CoHD patients born between January 1970 and December 1993. Ten controls matched for age, sex, county were randomly selected from the general population for each patient (n=219,816)...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704261/no-independent-association-between-pulse-wave-velocity-and-dementia-a-population-based-prospective-study
#8
Erik D Nilsson, Sölve Elmståhl, Lennart Minthon, Mats Pihlsgård, Peter M Nilsson, Oskar Hansson, Katarina Nägga
OBJECTIVE: Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CFPWV), a marker of aortic stiffness, has been associated with cognitive test results and markers of cerebral small vessel disease, but its association with dementia has not been studied in detail. Our aim was to assess the association of CFPWV with prevalent and incident dementia in a large population-based study. METHODS: In total, CFPWV was measured in 3056 participants of the Malmö Diet and Cancer study 2007-2012 (age range 61-85 years)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702880/atrial-fibrillation-in-immigrant-groups-a-cohort-study-of-all-adults-45%C3%A2-years-of-age-and-older-in-sweden
#9
Per Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Xinjun Li, Danijela Gasevic, Johan Ärnlöv, Martin J Holzmann, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
To study the association between country of birth and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in several immigrant groups in Sweden. The study population included all adults (n = 3,226,752) aged 45 years and older in Sweden. AF was defined as having at least one registered diagnosis of AF in the National Patient Register. The incidence of AF in different immigrant groups, using Swedish-born as referents, was assessed by Cox regression, expressed in hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). All models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, geographical residence in Sweden, educational level, marital status, and neighbourhood socioeconomic status...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701089/increased-risk-of-herpes-zoster-in-patients-with-coeliac-disease-nationwide-cohort-study
#10
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Rok Seon Choung, Eric V Marietta, Joseph A Murray, Louise Emilsson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Clinical experience suggests that patients with coeliac disease (CD) are more prone to develop herpes zoster (HZ), but robust studies are lacking. METHODS: We identified 29,064 patients with CD 1969-2008 using biopsy report data from Sweden's 28 pathology departments. CD was equalled to villous atrophy (Marsh histopathology grade III). Each patient was matched on age, sex, calendar year and county of residence to up to five reference individuals ( n=144,342) from the general population...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700711/non-vitamin-k-oral-anticoagulants-are-non-inferior-for-stroke-prevention-but-cause-fewer-major-bleedings-than-well-managed-warfarin-a-retrospective-register-study
#11
Vilhelm Sjögren, Björn Byström, Henrik Renlund, Peter J Svensson, Jonas Oldgren, Bo Norrving, Anders Själander
BACKGROUND: For patients with atrial fibrillation, non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants, or NOACs (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, edoxaban, and apixaban) have been proven non-inferior or superior to warfarin in preventing stroke and systemic embolism, and in risk of haemorrhage. In the pivotal NOAC studies, quality of warfarin treatment was poor with mean time in therapeutic range (TTR) 55-65%, compared with ≥70% in Swedish clinical practice. METHODS: We compared NOACs (as a group) to warfarin in non-valvular atrial fibrillation, studying all 12,694 patients starting NOAC treatment within the Swedish clinical register and dosing system Auricula, from July 1, 2011 to December 31, 2014, and matching them to 36,317 patients starting warfarin using propensity scoring...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699425/do-health-complaints-in-adolescence-negatively-predict-the-chance-of-entering-tertiary-education-in-young-adulthood
#12
Sara B Låftman, Charlotta Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Self-reported psychological and psychosomatic health complaints, such as nervousness, sadness, headache and stomach-ache, are common among adolescents, particularly among girls, and studies suggest that the prevalence has risen among adolescent girls during the last few decades. However, only a limited number of studies have investigated the potential long-term consequences of such health complaints. The aim of the current study was to assess whether psychological and psychosomatic health complaints in adolescence predict the chance of entering tertiary education in young adulthood among women and men...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697763/effect-of-neuroticism-on-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-depressed-persons-a-swedish-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Aysha Almas, Jette Moller, Romaina Iqbal, Yvonne Forsell
BACKGROUND: The relationship between neuroticism, depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is complex and has so far not been studied in depth. The aim of this study was to determine if neuroticism is an effect-modifier in the association between depression and CVD. Data derived from a longitudinal cohort study on mental health, work and relations among adults (20-64 years), including 10,443 individuals. Depression was assessed using the Major Depression Inventory (MDI) and neuroticism by the Swedish Scale of Personality (SSP)...
July 11, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695187/infection-burden-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasties-an-international-registry-based-perspective
#14
Bryan D Springer, September Cahue, Caryn D Etkin, David G Lewallen, Brian J McGrory
BACKGROUND: Infection remains a leading cause of failure of hip and knee replacements. Infection burden is the ratio of implants revised for infection to the total number of arthroplasties in a specific period, measuring the steady state of infection in a registry. We hypothesized infection burden would be similar among arthroplasty registries. METHODS: We evaluated publicly reported data from 6 arthroplasty registries (Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry [AOANJRR], New Zealand Joint Registry, Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register, Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register, National Joint Registry of England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and the Isle of Man, and the American Joint Replacement Registry) for revisions performed with an infection diagnosis over the last 6 years...
June 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692821/dental-care-utilization-in-patients-with-different-types-of-dementia-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-nationwide-study-of-58-037-individuals
#15
Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Sara Garcia-Ptacek, Dorota Religa, Jacob Holmer, Kåre Buhlin, Maria Eriksdotter, Gunilla Sandborgh Englund
INTRODUCTION: Dementia may be associated with discontinuation of regular dental checkups, which in turn results in poorer oral health. METHODS: We investigated the trend of change in dental care utilization and the number of teeth before and after being diagnosed with dementia. Longitudinal cognitive- and dental health-related information were merged using data on 58,037 newly diagnosed individuals from the Swedish Dementia Registry and Swedish Dental Health Register during 2007 to 2015...
July 7, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691744/dentists-attitudes-towards-acute-pharmacological-pain-management-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Henrik Berlin, Thomas List, Karin Ridell, Gunilla Klingberg
AIM: This study aimed to investigate Swedish dentists' attitudes regarding pain management strategies for treating children and adolescents. It assessed recommendations for pre- and postoperative analgesics, and use of local anaesthesia, and whether application of these strategies differs between general dental practitioners (GDPs) and specialists in paediatric dentistry (SPDs). DESIGN: We invited all GDPs (n = 807) in southern Sweden (Region Skåne), and all registered SPDs (n = 122) working in Sweden (929 actively practising dentists under age 65 years) to participate in a postal survey on pain management in paediatric dental care...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691547/reduced-risk-of-reoperation-after-treatment-of-femoral-neck-fractures-with-total-hip-arthroplasty
#17
Susanne Hansson, Szilard Nemes, Johan Kärrholm, Cecilia Rogmark
Background and purpose - Femoral neck fractures (FNFs) are commonly treated with some kind of arthroplasty, but evidence on whether to use hemiarthroplasty (HA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) is lacking. HA reduces the risk of dislocation, but may lead to acetabular erosion. THA implies longer surgery and increased bleeding. THA may result in better function and health-related quality of life, but evidence is contradictory. We compared HA and THA and in terms of revision, reoperation and death. Patients and methods - Data were extracted from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register for 11,253 patients with acute FNF receiving cemented HA or THA during 2008-2012...
July 10, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687481/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hiv-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-total-population-study-of-sweden
#18
Clarissa Bauer-Staeb, Lena Jörgensen, Glyn Lewis, Christina Dalman, David P J Osborn, Joseph F Hayes
BACKGROUND: Severe mental illness is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The elevated risk of blood-borne viruses (BBVs) in people with severe mental illness is of concern, but the full extent of this problem is unclear. We aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for BBVs in people with severe mental illness. METHODS: In this nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional study, we estimated the point prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B (HBV), and hepatitis C (HCV) in people with severe mental illness, including the total adult (≥18 years) Swedish population...
July 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685902/can-pay-for-performance-to-primary-care-providers-stimulate-appropriate-use-of-antibiotics
#19
Lina Maria Ellegård, Jens Dietrichson, Anders Anell
Antibiotic resistance is a major threat to public health worldwide. As the healthcare sector's use of antibiotics is an important contributor to the development of resistance, it is crucial that physicians only prescribe antibiotics when needed and that they choose narrow-spectrum antibiotics, which act on fewer bacteria types, when possible. Inappropriate use of antibiotics is nonetheless widespread, not least for respiratory tract infections (RTI), a common reason for antibiotics prescriptions. We examine if pay-for-performance (P4P) presents a way to influence primary care physicians' choice of antibiotics...
July 7, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685810/predictors-of-independent-aging-and-survival-a-16-year-follow-up-report-in-octogenarian-men
#20
Kristin Franzon, Liisa Byberg, Per Sjögren, Björn Zethelius, Tommy Cederholm, Lena Kilander
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal associations between aging with preserved functionality, i.e. independent aging and survival, and lifestyle variables, dietary pattern and cardiovascular risk factors. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Swedish men (n = 1,104) at a mean age of 71 (range 69.4-74.1) were investigated, 369 of whom were evaluated for independent aging 16 years later, at a mean age of 87 (range 84...
July 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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