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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634841/patient-related-risk-factors-for-postoperative-infection-after-cholecystectomy
#1
Gona Jaafar, Folke Hammarqvist, Lars Enochsson, Gabriel Sandblom
BACKGROUND: The impact of patient-related risk factors on the incidence of postoperative infection after cholecystectomy is relatively unknown. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore potential patient-related risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) and septicaemia following cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cholecystectomies registered in the Swedish national population-based register for Gallstone Surgery and Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (GallRiks) 2006-2014 were identified...
June 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632892/maternal-overweight-and-obesity-and-genital-anomalies-in-male-offspring-a-population-based-swedish-cohort-study
#2
Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Morten Søndergaard Lindhard, Tine Brink Henriksen, Jørn Olsen, Yongfu Yu, Sven Cnattingius
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese pregnant women face higher risk of several critical birth outcomes, including an overall increased risk of congenital abnormalities. Only few studies have focused on associations between maternal overweight and the genital anomalies in boys, cryptorchidism and hypospadias, and results are inconclusive. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study and assessed the associations between maternal body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy and occurrence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias...
June 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632072/maternal-obesity-obstetric-interventions-and-post-partum-anaemia-increase-the-risk-of-post-partum-sepsis-a-population-based-cohort-study-based-on-swedish-medical-health-registers
#3
Daniel Axelsson, Marie Blomberg
BACKGROUND: The objective was to estimate whether maternal obesity and/or obstetric interventions are associated with diagnosed maternal post-partum sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study including all deliveries in Sweden between 1997 and 2012 (N = 1,558,752). Cases of sepsis (n = 376) were identified by International Classification of Diseases, (ICD-10) codes A40, A41 and O 85 in the Medical Birth Register and the National Patient Register...
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628524/experiences-of-non-specialist-nurses-caring-for-patients-and-their-significant-others-undergoing-transitions-during-palliative-end-of-life-cancer-care-a-systematic-review
#4
Hrønn Thorn, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Non-specialist nurses, who are providing palliative end-of-life cancer care to patients and significant others undergoing psychosocial and existential transitions, may experience dissatisfaction, frustration and sorrow. On the other hand, they may also experience happiness, increased knowledge and personal growth. OBJECTIVE/QUESTION: What are non-specialist nurses' experiences when providing palliative end-of-life cancer care that involves the psychosocial and existential transitions of their patients and significant others? INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review considered studies that included a description of the experiences of non-specialist trained registered nurses (RNs) working in non-specialist wards...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624147/characteristics-and-outcome-among-14-933-adult-cases-of-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-nationwide-study-with-the-emphasis-on-gender-and-age
#5
Nooraldeen Al-Dury, Araz Rawshani, Johan Israelsson, Anneli Strömsöe, Solveig Aune, Jens Agerström, Thomas Karlsson, Annica Ravn-Fischer, Johan Herlitz
AIM: To investigate characteristics and outcome among patients suffering in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) with the emphasis on gender and age. METHODS: Using the Swedish Register of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, we analyzed associations between gender, age and co-morbidities, etiology, management, 30-day survival and cerebral function among survivors in 14,933 cases of IHCA. Age was divided into three ordered categories: young (18-49years), middle-aged (50-64years) and older (65years and above)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615261/increased-vitamin-d-intake-differentiated-according-to-skin-color-is-needed-to-meet-requirements-in-young-swedish-children-during-winter-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Inger Öhlund, Torbjörn Lind, Olle Hernell, Sven-Arne Silfverdal, Pia Karlsland Åkeson
Background: Dark skin and low exposure to sunlight increase the risk of vitamin D insufficiency in children.Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the amount of vitamin D needed to ascertain that most children >4 y of age attain sufficient serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [S-25(OH)D; i.e., ≥50 nmol/L] during winter regardless of latitude and skin color.Design: In a longitudinal, double-blind, randomized, food-based intervention study, 5- to 7-y-old children from northern (63°N) and southern (55°N) Sweden with fair (n = 108) and dark (n = 98) skin were included...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615009/incidence-of-acute-pulmonary-embolism-related-comorbidities-and-survival-analysis-of-a-swedish-national-cohort
#7
Therese Andersson, Stefan Söderberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) in Sweden and any regional differences. To assess short- and long-term survival analysis after an episode of PE, before and after excluding patients with known malignancies, and to determine the most common comorbidities prior to the PE event. METHODS: All in-hospital patients, including children, diagnosed with acute PE in 2005 were retrieved from the Swedish National Patient Registry (NPR) and incidence rates were calculated...
June 14, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612950/the-paediatric-cataract-register-pecare-an-overview-of-operated-childhood-cataract-in-sweden-and-denmark
#8
Gunilla Magnusson, Birgitte Haargaard, Saima Basit, Anna Lundvall, Alf Nyström, Annika Rosensvärd, Kristina Tornqvist
AIM: To report basic epidemiological data concerning surgically treated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark. METHODS: Data were derived from the Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE), a binational, web-based surgical register representing Sweden and Denmark. All children operated before 8 years of age between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013 were included. Age-specific prevalence per 100 000 population was calculated. RESULTS: A total 574 operations in 213 boys (51...
June 14, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609711/birth-characteristics-of-women-with-marfan-syndrome-obstetric-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-their-pregnancies-a-nationwide-cohort-and-case-control-study
#9
Kristina Kernell, Gunilla Sydsjö, Marie Bladh, Ann Josefsson
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate birth characteristics, obstetric and neonatal outcomes of the first childbirth in women with Marfan syndrome by use of Swedish national registers since pregnancy-related outcomes in women with Marfan syndrome have only been sparsely investigated. STUDY DESIGN: In this national population-based cohort study and matched case-control study of Swedish women born 1973-1993, women with Marfan syndrome (n=273) were compared to women without the condition (n=1 017 265)...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606496/emotional-distress-as-a-predictor-of-statin-non-adherence-among-swedish-first-time-myocardial-infarction-patients-2006-2013
#10
C T Lissåker, J Wallert, C Held, E Olsson
BACKGROUND: Emotional distress (depression and anxiety) has been known to affect mortality after a myocardial infarction (MI). One possible mechanism is through medication non-adherence. Few studies have investigated the link between statin adherence and emotional distress, and results are not consistent. We aimed to explore whether emotional distress affects adherence among first-time MI patients younger than 75years old receiving a prescription for the first time. METHODS: We identified first-MI individuals younger than 75years from the SWEDEHEART national quality registers discharged with a statin prescription...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601085/validity-of-humerus-fracture-classification-in-the-swedish-fracture-register
#11
David Wennergren, Stina Stjernström, Michael Möller, Mikael Sundfeldt, Carl Ekholm
BACKGROUND: The ability to correctly classify fractures is of importance for choosing the appropriate treatment and for providing appropriate data for research and quality registers. In the Swedish Fracture Register (SFR) fractures of all types are registered by the attending physician, often a junior doctor. For the majority of fractures, a modified AO/OTA classification is used. This study aimed to validate the accuracy of classification of humerus fractures in the SFR and also at providing insight into inherent classification uncertainties...
June 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600105/ovarian-stimulation-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-swedish-women
#12
Frida E Lundberg, Anastasia N Iliadou, Kenny Rodriguez-Wallberg, Christina Bergh, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Anna L V Johansson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether ovarian stimulation for treating infertility is associated with the risk of breast cancer. DESIGN: Nationwide register-based cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): In a cohort of 1,340,211 women who gave birth 1982-2012, we investigated the relationship between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and incidence of breast cancer. Associations between any ovarian stimulation since 2005 and breast cancer incidence were studied in a separate cohort of 1,877,140 women born 1960-92...
June 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599022/burden-of-disease-from-road-traffic-and-railway-noise-a-quantification-of-healthy-life-years-lost-in-sweden
#13
Charlotta Eriksson, Theo Bodin, Jenny Selander
Objectives National quantifications of the health burden related to traffic noise are still rare. In this study, we use disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) measure to assess the burden of disease from road traffic and railway noise in Sweden. Methods The number of DALY was assessed for annoyance, sleep disturbance, hypertension, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke using a method previously implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO). Population exposure to noise was obtained from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Transport Administration...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596421/higher-glucocorticoid-replacement-doses-are-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-patients-with-pituitary-adenoma
#14
Casper Hammarstrand, Oskar Ragnarsson, Tobias Hallén, Eva Andersson, Thomas Skoglund, Anna G Nilsson, Gudmundur Johannsson, Daniel S Olsson
OBJECTIVE: Patients with secondary adrenal insufficiency (AI) have an excess mortality. The objective was to investigate the impact of the daily glucocorticoid replacement dose on mortality in patients with hypopituitarism due to non-functioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA). METHOD: Patients with NFPA were followed between years 1997- 2014 and cross-referenced with the National Swedish Death Register. Standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was calculated with the general population as reference and Cox-regression was used to analyse the mortality...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595491/suicidal-behavior-during-lithium-and-valproate-treatment-a-within-individual-8-year-prospective-study-of-50-000-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#15
Jie Song, Arvid Sjölander, Erik Joas, Sarah E Bergen, Bo Runeson, Henrik Larsson, Mikael Landén, Paul Lichtenstein
OBJECTIVE: Conclusions regarding lithium's antisuicidal effect for bipolar disorder have been limited due to nonrepresentative subjects and potential confounding factors, including varying severity of illness. Findings regarding the effect of valproate, the most common alternative to lithium, are inconsistent for suicidal behavior. This study investigated the associations of these two drugs with the risk of suicide-related events, and possible differences between drugs, by using within-individual designs in a register-based longitudinal cohort...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595356/treatment-with-bupropion-and-varenicline-for-smoking-cessation-and-the-risk-of-acute-cardiovascular-events-and-injuries-a-swedish-case-crossover-study
#16
Joel Monárrez-Espino, Maria Rosaria Galanti, Jenny Hansson, Imre Janszky, Karin Söderberg, Jette Möller
Introduction: Bupropion and varenicline are non-nicotine medications used for smoking cessation that mitigate craving and withdrawal symptoms. We aim to investigate whether these drugs increase the risk of selected acute adverse outcomes when used in medical practice. Methods: Population-based case-crossover design using data from Swedish health and administrative registers. Adult individuals diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction, stroke, suicide, suicide attempt, fall injury, or that suffered a road traffic crash from 01...
June 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593387/increased-odds-of-patient-reported-success-at-2%C3%A2-years-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-patients-without-cartilage-lesions-a-cohort-study-from-the-swedish-national-knee-ligament-register
#17
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Volker Musahl, Freddie Fu, Ferid Krupic, Neel Desai, Olof Westin, Kristian Samuelsson
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the surgical technique of single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the visualization of anatomic surgical factors and the presence or absence of concomitant injuries at primary ACL reconstruction are able to predict patient-reported success and failure. The hypothesis of this study was that anatomic single-bundle surgical procedures would be predictive of patient-reported success. METHODS: This cohort study was based on data from the Swedish National Knee Ligament Register during the period of 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014...
June 7, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588105/a-register-based-13-year-to-43-year-follow-up-of-70-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-treated-with-capsulotomy
#18
Christian Rück, Johan K Larsson, David Mataix-Cols, Rickard Ljung
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the long-term medical status of patients with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) undergoing capsulotomy, a neurosurgical last-resort treatment. The present study used national registers to identify all operated patients with OCD in Sweden and evaluated their long-term medical status, including mortality, hospital admissions and psychotropic medication after capsulotomy for OCD. DESIGN: Register-based long-term follow-up cohort study...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587621/comparing-counselling-models-for-the-hazardous-use-of-alcohol-at-the-swedish-national-alcohol-helpline-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Eleonor Säfsten, Yvonne Forsell, Mats Ramstedt, Maria Rosaria Galanti
BACKGROUND: Hazardous and harmful consumption of alcohol is a leading cause of preventable disease and premature deaths. Modifying the amount and pattern of risky alcohol consumption conveys substantial benefits to individuals and to society at large. Telephone helplines provide a feasible alternative to face-to-face counselling in order to increase the reach of brief interventions aiming at modifying the hazardous and harmful use of alcohol. However, there is a lack of studies on the implementation and evaluation of population-based telephone services for the prevention and treatment of alcohol misuse...
June 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585868/long-term-effects-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-in-primary-care-the-prim-net-controlled-trial
#20
Maria C M Eriksson, Marie Kivi, Dominique Hange, Eva-Lisa Petersson, Nashmil Ariai, Per Häggblad, Hans Ågren, Fredrik Spak, Ulf Lindblad, Boo Johansson, Cecilia Björkelund
OBJECTIVE: Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) is recommended as an efficient treatment alternative for depression in primary care. However, only few previous studies have been conducted at primary care centers (PCCs). We evaluated long-term effects of ICBT treatment for depression compared to treatment as usual (TAU) in primary care settings. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Patients were enrolled at16 PCCs in south-west Sweden...
June 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
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