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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150678/dog-ownership-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Mwenya Mubanga, Liisa Byberg, Christoph Nowak, Agneta Egenvall, Patrik K Magnusson, Erik Ingelsson, Tove Fall
Dogs may be beneficial in reducing cardiovascular risk in their owners by providing social support and motivation for physical activity. We aimed to investigate the association of dog ownership with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death in a register-based prospective nation-wide cohort (n = 3,432,153) with up to 12 years of follow-up. Self-reported health and lifestyle habits were available for 34,202 participants in the Swedish Twin Register. Time-to-event analyses with time-updated covariates were used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149509/promoting-person-centred-care-in-the-perioperative-setting-through-patient-advocacy-an-observational-study
#2
Ann-Sofie Sundqvist, Ulrica Nilsson, Marie Holmefur, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which the findings from an integrative review regarding perioperative patient advocacy could be empirically supported, and to describe Swedish registered nurse anaesthetists' patient advocacy actions and interactions during the perioperative period. BACKGROUND: Patient advocacy is practiced by various health care professionals in promoting the well-being of patients. It is complex, and in a general health care context it has been described as supporting the patients both physiologically and psychologically...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149179/postmenopausal-hormone-therapy-and-risk-of-stroke-a-pooled-analysis-of-data-from-population-based-cohort-studies
#3
Germán D Carrasquilla, Paolo Frumento, Anita Berglund, Christer Borgfeldt, Matteo Bottai, Chiara Chiavenna, Mats Eliasson, Gunnar Engström, Göran Hallmans, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Patrik K Magnusson, Peter M Nilsson, Nancy L Pedersen, Alicja Wolk, Karin Leander
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates a favourable influence of postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) if initiated early, but not late, on subclinical atherosclerosis. However, the clinical relevance of timing of HT initiation for hard end points such as stroke remains to be determined. Further, no previous research has considered the timing of initiation of HT in relation to haemorrhagic stroke risk. The importance of the route of administration, type, active ingredient, and duration of HT for stroke risk is also unclear...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148910/impact-of-pelvic-pain-and-endometriosis-on-patient-reported-outcomes-and-experiences-of-benign-hysterectomy-a-study-from-the-swedish-national-register-for-gynecological-surgery
#4
Hanna Grundström, Siw Alehagen, Carina Berterö, Preben Kjølhede
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to analyze and compare patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after hysterectomy in women with and without a preoperative complaint of pelvic pain associated with and without a confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis. METHODS: Retrospective nationwide register study. Data on 28,776 hysterectomies performed on benign indication between 2004 and 2016 were retrieved from the Swedish National Register for Gynecological Surgery...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148017/outcomes-and-mortality-after-hip-fractures-treated-in-kazakhstan
#5
Sultan Amrayev, Ussama AbuJazar, Justinas Stucinskas, Alfredas Smailys, Sarunas Tarasevicius
INTRODUCTION: Patients with hip fractures are usually treated operatively in Western Europe. However, in Mid-Asia different indications are used to decide whether this patient is suitable for operative treatment and those are related to specific traditions and rules in hospital. Thus, traditions and surgeon/patient fears seem to affect treatment choices in hip fractures and subsequent outcomes. The aim of our study was to investigate patients with hip fractures and compare outcome at 1-year follow-up in the operated and nonoperated patient groups...
October 16, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144419/air-pollution-and-dispensed-medications-for-asthma-and-possible-effect-modifiers-related-to-mental-health-and-socio-economy-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-swedish-children-and-adolescents
#6
Anna Oudin, Lennart Bråbäck, Daniel Oudin Åström, Bertil Forsberg
It has been suggested that children that are exposed to a stressful environment at home have an increased susceptibility for air pollution-related asthma. The aim here was to investigate the association between air pollution exposure and asthma, and effect modification by mental health and by socio-economic status (as markers of a stressful environment). All individuals under 18 years of age in four Swedish counties during 2007 to 2010 (1.2 million people) were included. The outcome was defined as dispensing at least two asthma medications during follow up...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141084/association-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-objective-indicators-of-educational-attainment-a-nationwide-register-based-sibling-control-study
#7
Ana Pérez-Vigil, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Gustaf Brander, Kayoko Isomura, Andreas Jangmo, Inna Feldman, Eva Hesselmark, Eva Serlachius, Luisa Lázaro, Christian Rück, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Brian M D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, David Mataix-Cols
Importance: To our knowledge, the association of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and academic performance has not been objectively quantified. Objective: To investigate the association of OCD with objectively measured educational outcomes in a nationwide cohort, adjusting for covariates and unmeasured factors shared between siblings. Design, Setting, And Participants: This population-based birth cohort study included 2 115 554 individuals who were born in Sweden between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 1998, and followed up through December 31, 2013...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136154/the-number-of-oocytes-retrieved-during-ivf-a-balance-between-efficacy-and-safety
#8
Åsa Magnusson, Karin Källen, Ann Thurin-Kjellberg, Christina Bergh
STUDY QUESTION: What is the relationship between the number of oocytes collected in fresh IVF treatments and the likelihood of cumulative delivery rate (fresh and frozen) per oocyte aspiration, severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and thromboembolic events? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cumulative delivery rate per aspiration increases up to 20 oocytes retrieved and then evens out while the incidence of severe OHSS increases more rapidly from around 18 oocytes and thromboembolic events, although rare, occurs in particular if 15 or more oocytes are retrieved...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133978/a-nationwide-structure-for-valid-long-term-oxygen-therapy-29-year-prospective-data-in-sweden
#9
Magnus Ekström, Zainab Ahmadi, Hillevi Larsson, Tove Nilsson, Josefin Wahlberg, Kerstin E Ström, Bengt Midgren
Background: Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) improves prognosis in COPD with severe hypoxemia. However, adherence to criteria for eligibility and quality of LTOT is often insufficient and varies between countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate a national structure for prescription and management of LTOT over three decades in Sweden. Methods: The study was a prospective, population-based study of 23,909 patients on LTOT from 1987 to 2015 in the Swedish National Register of Respiratory Failure (Swedevox)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131696/risk-factors-for-discontinuation-of-treatment-for-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#10
Inger Westborg, Aldana Rosso
PURPOSE: To investigate risk factors for treatment discontinuation for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). METHODS: Data from the Swedish Macula Register and the Skåne Healthcare Register are reported on the treatment received by 932 nAMD patients diagnosed 2013-2015. Treatment discontinuation is defined as having a termination visit or lacking a control or treatment visit during the period of 10-14 months after the diagnostic visit. The risk of treatment discontinuation during the first year is estimated using a Poisson model and a classification tree...
November 13, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131303/population-based-incidence-rate-of-inpatient-and-outpatient-surgical-procedures-in-a-high-income-country
#11
E Omling, A Jarnheimer, J Rose, J Björk, J G Meara, L Hagander
BACKGROUND: The WHO and the World Bank ask countries to report the national volume of surgery. This report describes these data for Sweden, a high-income country. METHODS: In an 8-year population-based observational cohort study, all inpatient and outpatient care in the public and private sectors was detected in the Swedish National Patient Register and screened for the occurrence of surgery. The entire Swedish population was eligible for inclusion. All patients attending healthcare for any disease were included...
November 13, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131054/heritability-of-end-stage-renal-disease-a-swedish-adoption-study
#12
Delshad Saleh Akrawi, MirNabi PirouziFard, Erik Fjellstedt, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist, Bengt Zöller
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The heritability of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among adoptees has not been examined so far. By studying adoptees and their biological and adoptive parents, it is possible to differentiate between the genetic causes and environmental causes of familial aggregation. This nationwide study aimed to disentangle the genetic and shared environmental contribution to the familial transmission of ESRD. METHODS: We performed a family study for Swedish-born adoptees (born between 1945 until 1995) and their biological and adoptive parents...
November 9, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130381/lymph-node-metastases-as-only-qualifier-for-stage-iv-serous-ovarian-cancer-confers-longer-survival-than-other-sites-of-distant-disease-a-swedish-gynecologic-cancer-group-swegcg-study
#13
Elisabet Hjerpe, Christian Staf, Pernilla Dahm-Kähler, Karin Stålberg, Maria Bjurberg, Erik Holmberg, Christer Borgfeldt, Bengt Tholander, Kristina Hellman, Preben Kjølhede, Thomas Högberg, Per Rosenberg, Elisabeth Åvall-Lundqvist
BACKGROUND: The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) ovarian cancer staging system includes no sub-stage for lymph nodes (LN) as only distant disease manifestation. We explore the prognostic implication of LN as only stage IV classifier in serous ovarian cancer. METHOD: This is a nation-wide, population-based study on 551 women with serous stage IV cancers diagnosed between 2009-2014. We compare overall survival (OS) in women with LN as only distant metastatic site to those with pleural metastases only and to patients with other/multiple stage IV manifestations...
November 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128418/accelerometer-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-a-15-year-follow-up-of-mortality-in-a-swedish-population-based-cohort
#14
Ing-Mari Dohrn, Michael Sjöström, Lydia Kwak, Pekka Oja, Maria Hagströmer
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations of objectively assessed sedentary time, light intensity physical activity (PA), moderate to vigorous intensity PA (MVPA), and total PA with all-cause mortality and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) or cancer in a Swedish population-based cohort with 15 years follow-up time. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective cohort study. METHODS: Data from 851 persons (56% women) ≥35 years at baseline were included...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127207/perinatal-outcomes-after-treatment-with-adhd-medication-during-pregnancy
#15
Ulrika Nörby, Birger Winbladh, Karin Källén
OBJECTIVES: To analyze perinatal outcomes after maternal use of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication during pregnancy. METHODS: The study included singletons born between 2006 and 2014 in Sweden. Data on prescription drug use, pregnancies, deliveries, and the newborn infants' health were obtained from the Swedish Medical Birth Register, the Prescribed Drug Register, and the Swedish Neonatal Quality Register. We compared infants exposed to ADHD medication during pregnancy with infants whose mothers never used these drugs and infants whose mothers used ADHD medication before or after pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126647/popliteal-artery-aneurysm-in-women
#16
Hans Ravn, Karin Pansell-Fawcett, Martin Björck
OBJECTIVES: Ninety-five per cent of those operated on for popliteal artery aneurysm (PA) are men. Thus, PAs in women are difficult to investigate. The aim was to study the disease in women. METHODS: Women treated for PA in 1987-2012, prospectively registered in the Swedish vascular registry, Swedvasc, supplemented by case records, were compared with the larger male cohort. Survival was determined through cross linkage with the National Population Registry. RESULTS: 1509 patients (men and women), 1872 legs, were identified; of these 74 patients (4...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126139/alendronate-use-and-the-risk-of-nonvertebral-fracture-during-glucocorticoid-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Jonathan Bergman, Anna Nordström, Peter Nordström
Context: Glucocorticoids increase the risk of nonvertebral fracture, but no clinical trial has shown that nonvertebral fractures can be prevented by co-administration of an anti-osteoporotic drug. Objective: To estimate the effect of alendronate on the risk of nonvertebral fracture in older adults taking oral glucocorticoids. Design: Retrospective cohort study using national Swedish registers. Setting: Hospitalized care and ambulatory specialist care...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125902/asthma-in-children-of-mothers-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-the-role-of-preterm-birth
#18
Marios Rossides, Cathina Nguyen, Elizabeth V Arkema, Julia F Simard
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and asthma share inheritable IgE-related pathophysiology, but the association between maternal SLE and asthma in the offspring has not been explored. Our aim was to investigate the association between maternal SLE during pregnancy and childhood asthma and examine the role of preterm birth as a mediator of the association using Swedish register data. METHODS: Information on 12000 singleton live births (2001-2013) was collected from the Medical Birth Register...
November 10, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124972/perinatal-and-familial-risk-factors-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-a-swedish-national-cohort
#19
Rasmus Waehrens, Xinjun Li, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist, Bengt Zöller
OBJECTIVE: Studies of the importance of perinatal factors for the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are sparse. We conducted a large national cohort study to examine perinatal and familial risk factors for IBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A national cohort of 1,963,685 persons who were born in Sweden in 1973-1992 (identified from the Swedish Birth Registry) were followed up for adult (18 years and older) IBS incidence in the Swedish Patient Register through 2010 (maximum age 38 years)...
November 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121723/atrial-fibrillation-and-use-of-antithrombotic-medications-in-older-people-a-population-based-study
#20
Mozhu Ding, Laura Fratiglioni, Kristina Johnell, Johan Fastbom, Maria Ljungdahl, Chengxuan Qiu
BACKGROUND: Trends in the use of antithrombotic drugs in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are largely unknown. We estimated the prevalence of AF in an older population, and examined whether use of anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs in older AF patients has changed over time. METHODS: Data from the population-based Swedish National study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (n=3363, age≥60years, 64.9% women) were used (2001-2004 and 2007-2010). AF cases were identified through 12-lead electrocardiogram, physician examinations, and patient register records (ICD-10 code I48)...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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