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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786811/-50-percent-of-patients-who-had-epilepsy-surgery-are-seizure-free
#1
Anna Edelvik, Ingrid B Olsson, Tove Hallbook, Kristina Malmgren
About one third of patients with epilepsy do not become seizure-free despite medication. For some, resective epilepsy surgery is the treatment of choice. There are three randomized controlled trials, with positive results at a follow-up of 1-2 years: two on temporal lobe resections on adults and young people and one on all types of epilepsy surgery on children. Since 1990 all epilepsy surgery procedures in Sweden are reported to the Swedish Epilepsy Surgery Register, now with data on almost 1500 patients. Two years after surgery about 50% of adults and children are seizure-free, and another 10% have been so during the last year...
May 22, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785527/birth-intervals-and-health-in-adulthood-a-comparison-of-siblings-using-swedish-register-data
#2
Kieron J Barclay, Martin Kolk
A growing body of research has examined whether birth intervals influence perinatal outcomes and child health as well as long-term educational and socioeconomic outcomes. To date, however, very little research has examined whether birth spacing influences long-term health. We use contemporary Swedish population register data to examine the relationship between birth-to-birth intervals and a variety of health outcomes in adulthood: for men, height, physical fitness, and the probability of falling into different body mass index categories; and for men and women, mortality...
May 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782800/suspect-screening-and-regulatory-databases-a-powerful-combination-to-identify-emerging-micropollutants
#3
Pablo Gago-Ferrero, Agnes Krettek, Stellan Fischer, Karin Wiberg, Lutz Ahrens
This study demonstrates that regulatory databases combined with the latest advances in high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) can be efficiently used to prioritize and identify new, potentially hazardous pollutants being discharged into the aquatic environment. Of the approximately 23,000 chemicals registered in the database of the National Swedish Product Register, 160 potential organic micropollutants were prioritized through quantitative knowledge of market availability, quantity used, extent of use on the market, and predicted compartment-specific environmental exposure during usage...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781227/body-mass-index-standard-deviation-score-and-obesity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-nordic-countries-hba-1c-and-other-predictors-of-increasing-bmisds
#4
N H Birkebaek, J Kahlert, R Bjarnason, A K Drivvoll, A Johansen, E Konradsdottir, A Pundziute-Lyckå, U Samuelsson, T Skrivarhaug, J Svensson
BACKGROUND: Intensified insulin therapy may increase body weight and cause obesity. This study compared body mass index standard deviation score (BMISDS) and obesity rate in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, and uncovered predictors for increasing BMISDS. METHODS: Data registered in the Nordic national childhood diabetes databases during the period 2008-2012 on children below 15 years with T1D for more than three months were compiled, including information on gender, age, diabetes duration, HbA1c , insulin dose, severe hypoglycemia (SH), treatment modality, height and weight...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776576/safety-of-apixaban-in-combination-with-dronedarone-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#5
Leif Friberg
BACKGROUND: There have been concerns about bleeding risks for patients with atrial fibrillation treated with dronedarone in combination with new oral anticoagulants (NOACs). The aim of the study was to compare the bleeding risks with the apixaban + dronedarone and warfarin + dronedarone combinations. METHOD: Retrospective study of Swedish nationwide health registers. All patients with atrial fibrillation who used dronedarone in combination with apixaban or warfarin during 2013-2016 were identified...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765219/estimated-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-and-health-care-utilization-in-adults-in-sweden-a-longitudinal-population-based-register-study
#6
Maria Polyzoi, Ewa Ahnemark, Emma Medin, Ylva Ginsberg
Background: Although the worldwide prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults is estimated to be between 2% and 5%, it is considered to be underdiagnosed. This register study explored the prevalence of diagnosed ADHD and incidence of newly diagnosed ADHD in Swedish adults over time, and assessed comorbidities and pharmacologic treatment. Methods: National Patient Register data were used to estimate the overall prevalence of adults (≥18 years) with a registered ADHD diagnosis from 2006 to 2011, and the incidence of newly registered diagnoses from 2007 to 2011...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755158/a-comparative-study-of-segregation-patterns-in-belgium-denmark-the-netherlands-and-sweden-neighbourhood-concentration-and-representation-of-non-european-migrants
#7
Eva K Andersson, Bo Malmberg, Rafael Costa, Bart Sleutjes, Marcin Jan Stonawski, Helga A G de Valk
In this paper, we use geo-coded, individual-level register data on four European countries to compute comparative measures of segregation that are independent of existing geographical sub-divisions. The focus is on non-European migrants, for whom aggregates of egocentric neighbourhoods (with different population counts) are used to assess small-scale, medium-scale, and large-scale segregation patterns. At the smallest scale level, corresponding to neighbourhoods with 200 persons, patterns of over- and under-representation are strikingly similar...
2018: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755156/residential-segregation-of-european-and-non-european-migrants-in-sweden-1990-2012
#8
Bo Malmberg, Eva K Andersson, Michael M Nielsen, Karen Haandrikman
In this paper, we analyse how a migrant population that is both expanding and changing in composition has affected the composition of Swedish neighbourhoods at different scales. The analysis is based on Swedish geocoded individual-level register data for the years 1990, 1997, 2005, and 2012. This allows us to compute and analyse the demographic composition of neighbourhoods that range in size from encompassing the nearest 100 individuals to the nearest 409,600 individuals. First, the results confirm earlier findings that migrants, especially those from non-European countries, face high levels of segregation in Sweden...
2018: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751165/no-association-between-consumption-of-sweetened-beverages-and-later-risk-of-crohn-s-disease-or-ulcerative-colitis
#9
Hamed Khalili, Niclas Hakansson, Simon S Chan, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Ola Olen, Andrew T Chan, Andrew R Hart, Alicja Wolk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Consumption of sweetened beverages has been associated with inflammation, based on measurements of C-reactive protein and tumor necrosis factor, as well as immune-mediated disorders including rheumatoid arthritis. We investigated associations with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 83,042 participants (44-83 years old) enrolled in the Cohort of Swedish Men or the Swedish Mammography Study...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743325/trajectories-of-disposable-income-among-people-of-working-ages-diagnosed-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study-in-sweden-7-years-before-to-4-years-after-diagnosis-with-a-population-based-reference-group
#10
Chantelle Murley, Olof Mogard, Michael Wiberg, Kristina Alexanderson, Korinna Karampampa, Emilie Friberg, Petter Tinghög
OBJECTIVES: To describe how disposable income (DI) and three main components changed, and analyse whether DI development differed from working-aged people with multiple sclerosis (MS) to a reference group from 7 years before to 4 years after diagnosis in Sweden. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study, 12-year follow-up (7 years before to 4 years after diagnosis). SETTING: Swedish working-age population with microdata linked from two nationwide registers...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743040/a-dissonance-based-intervention-for-women-post-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-aiming-at-improving-quality-of-life-and-physical-activity-24-months-after-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Fanny Sellberg, Sofie Possmark, Ata Ghaderi, Erik Näslund, Mikaela Willmer, Per Tynelius, Anders Thorell, Magnus Sundbom, Joanna Uddén, Eva Szabo, Daniel Berglind
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is the most common bariatric procedure in Sweden and results in substantial weight loss. Approximately one year post-surgery weight regain for these patient are common, followed by a decrease in health related quality of life (HRQoL) and physical activity (PA). Our aim is to investigate the effects of a dissonance-based intervention on HRQoL, PA and other health-related behaviors in female RYGB patients 24 months after surgery. We are not aware of any previous RCT that has investigated the effects of a similar intervention targeting health behaviors after RYGB...
May 9, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733350/length-of-residence-and-caesarean-section-in-migrant-women-in-sweden-a-population-based-study
#12
Sol P Juárez, Rhonda Small, Anders Hjern, Erica Schytt
Background: Prior studies have reported substantial differences in caesarean rates between migrant and non-migrant women. In this study we investigate whether the association between maternal country of birth and caesarean section is modified by length of residence in Sweden. Methods: Population-based register study. A total of 106 760 migrant and 473 881 Swedish-born women having singleton, first births were studied using multinomial multiple regression models to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals for mode of birth...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731173/child-mortality-in-england-compared-with-sweden-a-birth-cohort-study
#13
Ania Zylbersztejn, Ruth Gilbert, Anders Hjern, Linda Wijlaars, Pia Hardelid
BACKGROUND: Child mortality is almost twice as high in England compared with Sweden. We aimed to establish the extent to which adverse birth characteristics and socioeconomic factors explain this difference. METHODS: We developed nationally representative cohorts of singleton livebirths between Jan 1, 2003, and Dec 31, 2012, using the Hospital Episode Statistics in England, and the Swedish Medical Birth Register in Sweden, with longitudinal follow-up from linked hospital admissions and mortality records...
May 3, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730545/too-much-or-too-little-a-short-term-longitudinal-study-of-youth-s-own-economic-resources-and-risk-behaviour
#14
Stephanie Plenty
This study examined socioeconomic differences in risk behaviours according to youth-oriented measures of economic resources. Using a representative sample of Swedish adolescents (n = 3,939, 51% females), the associations that youth's own economy shared with smoking, drinking and conduct problems were examined. Data was based on population register and self-report information when participants were in grades 8 (T1 aged 14-15) and 9 (T2 aged 15-16). Missing activities due to financial constraints and having a cash margin were each positively associated with concurrent risk behaviours...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730273/differences-in-associations-of-antiepileptic-drugs-and-hospitalization-due-to-hyponatremia-a-population-based-case-control-study
#15
Henrik Falhammar, Jonatan D Lindh, Jan Calissendorff, Shermineh Farmand, Jakob Skov, David Nathanson, Buster Mannheimer
PURPOSE: Hyponatremia induced by antiepileptic drugs is common, but detailed evidence is lacking. This can be problematic for the treating neurologist confronted with a patient with severe hyponatremia in need of an alternative drug. The objective of this study was to examine the association between individual antiepileptic drugs and hospitalization due to hyponatremia. METHODS: This was a register-based case-control study of patients in the general Swedish population...
April 30, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707769/prognostic-scoring-systems-for-myelodysplastic-syndromes-mds-in-a-population-based-setting-a-report-from-the-swedish-mds-register
#16
Daniel Moreno Berggren, Yasin Folkvaljon, Marie Engvall, Johan Sundberg, Mats Lambe, Petar Antunovic, Hege Garelius, Fryderyk Lorenz, Lars Nilsson, Bengt Rasmussen, Sören Lehmann, Eva Hellström-Lindberg, Martin Jädersten, Elisabeth Ejerblad
The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have highly variable outcomes and prognostic scoring systems are important tools for risk assessment and to guide therapeutic decisions. However, few population-based studies have compared the value of the different scoring systems. With data from the nationwide Swedish population-based MDS register we validated the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS), revised IPSS (IPSS-R) and the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification-based Prognostic Scoring System (WPSS)...
April 29, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706487/acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors-and-risk-of-stroke-and-death-in-people-with-dementia
#17
Edwin C K Tan, Kristina Johnell, Sara Garcia-Ptacek, Miriam L Haaksma, Johan Fastbom, J Simon Bell, Maria Eriksdotter
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) use and risk of ischemic stroke and death in people with dementia. METHODS: A cohort study of 44,288 people with dementia registered in the Swedish Dementia Registry from 2007 to 2014. Propensity score-matched competing risk regression models were used to compute hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the association between time-dependent AChEI use and risk of stroke and death...
April 5, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700567/risk-factors-for-surgical-complications-in-ventral-hernia-repair
#18
Mikael Lindmark, Karin Strigård, Thyra Löwenmark, Ursula Dahlstrand, Ulf Gunnarsson
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for an adverse event, i.e. early surgical complication, need for ICU care and readmission, following ventral hernia repair. Our hypothesis was that there is an association between an increased complication rate following ventral hernia repair and specific factors, including hernia size, BMI > 35, concomitant bowel surgery, ASA-class, age, gender and method of hernia repair. METHODS: Data from a hernia database with prospectively entered data on 408 patients operated for ventral hernia between 2007 and 2014 at two Swedish university hospitals were analysed...
April 26, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692213/identification-of-inequalities-in-the-selection-of-liver-surgery-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-in-sweden
#19
A Norén, P Sandström, K Gunnarsdottir, B Ardnor, B Isaksson, G Lindell, M Rizell
BACKGROUND: Liver resection for colorectal liver metastases offers a 5-year survival rate of 25%-58%. This study aimed to analyze whether patients with colorectal liver metastases undergo resection to an equal extent and whether selection factors play a role in the selection process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were retrieved from the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry (2007-2011) for colorectal cancer and colorectal liver metastases. The patients identified were linked to the Swedish Registry of Liver and Bile surgery and the National Patient Registry to identify whether liver surgery or ablative treatment was performed...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691246/effectiveness-of-implementing-a-best-practice-primary-healthcare-model-for-low-back-pain-betterback-compared-with-current-routine-care-in-the-swedish-context-an-internal-pilot-study-informed-protocol-for-an-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-type-2-trial
#20
Allan Abbott, Karin Schröder, Paul Enthoven, Per Nilsen, Birgitta Öberg
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem commonly requiring healthcare. In Sweden, there is a call from healthcare practitioners (HCPs) for the development, implementation and evaluation of a best practice primary healthcare model for LBP. AIMS: (1) To improve and understand the mechanisms underlying changes in HCP confidence, attitudes and beliefs for providing best practice coherent primary healthcare for patients with LBP; (2) to improve and understand the mechanisms underlying illness beliefs, self-care enablement, pain, disability and quality of life in patients with LBP; and (3) to evaluate a multifaceted and sustained implementation strategy and the cost-effectiveness of the BetterBack☺ model of care (MOC) for LBP from the perspective of the Swedish primary healthcare context...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
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