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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474843/comparison-of-staples-versus-subcuticular-suture-in-class-iii-obese-women-undergoing-cesarean-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Mary N Zaki, Deborah A Wing, Jennifer A McNulty
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for infectious morbidity and wound complications after cesarean delivery. There are currently insufficient data to determine optimal skin closure technique for cesarean delivery, specifically for those women with Class III obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 40 kg/m2 . OBJECTIVE: To compare stainless steel staples versus subcuticular suture for skin closure for cesarean delivery in Class III obese women with body mass index of ≥ 40 kg/m2 ...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474639/-valuable-but-incomplete-a-qualitative-study-about-migrants-perspective-on-health-examinations-in-stockholm
#2
Jad Shedrawy, Knut Lönnroth, Asli Kulane
Background: A voluntary health examination is offered to asylum seekers in Sweden with the purpose of detecting infectious diseases and identifying other health needs. This study aimed to explore the organization, content and perceived value of the health examination from the perspective of asylum seekers. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 migrants recruited from different settings in Stockholm. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis in relation to the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality framework...
February 21, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472725/an-ancient-family-of-lytic-polysaccharide-monooxygenases-with-roles-in-arthropod-development-and-biomass-digestion
#3
Federico Sabbadin, Glyn R Hemsworth, Luisa Ciano, Bernard Henrissat, Paul Dupree, Theodora Tryfona, Rita D S Marques, Sean T Sweeney, Katrin Besser, Luisa Elias, Giovanna Pesante, Yi Li, Adam A Dowle, Rachel Bates, Leonardo D Gomez, Rachael Simister, Gideon J Davies, Paul H Walton, Neil C Bruce, Simon J McQueen-Mason
Thermobia domestica belongs to an ancient group of insects and has a remarkable ability to digest crystalline cellulose without microbial assistance. By investigating the digestive proteome of Thermobia, we have identified over 20 members of an uncharacterized family of lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs). We show that this LPMO family spans across several clades of the Tree of Life, is of ancient origin, and was recruited by early arthropods with possible roles in remodeling endogenous chitin scaffolds during development and metamorphosis...
February 22, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472716/pd-1-is-required-to-maintain-stem-cell-properties-in-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#4
Yao Liu, Huan Jing, Xiaoxing Kou, Chider Chen, Dawei Liu, Yan Jin, Li Lu, Songtao Shi
Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) belongs to an inhibitory signaling pathway capable of maintaining central and peripheral immune tolerance. Blockage of PD-1 has been identified as a promising immunotherapeutic approach for cancer and chronic infectious diseases. However, it is unknown whether PD-1 pathway regulates stem cell function. It is generally believed that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) produce PD-1 ligand, but fail to express PD-1. In this study, we show that neural crest-derived MSCs from dental pulp (MSC-DP), but not MSCs from bone marrow, expressed PD-1...
February 22, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471885/does-bird-metabolic-rate-influence-mosquito-feeding-preference
#5
Jiayue Yan, Juli Broggi, Josué Martínez-de la Puente, Rafael Gutiérrez-López, Laura Gangoso, Ramón Soriguer, Jordi Figuerola
BACKGROUND: Host selection by mosquitoes plays a central role in the transmission of vector-borne infectious diseases. Although interspecific variation in mosquito attraction has often been reported, the mechanisms underlying intraspecific differences in hosts' attractiveness to mosquitoes are still poorly known. Metabolic rate is related to several physiological parameters used as location cues by mosquitoes, and so potentially affect host-vector contact rates. Therefore, individual hosts with higher metabolic rates should be more attractive to host-seeking mosquitoes...
February 23, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471465/effects-of-dietary-energy-level-and-intake-of-corn-by-product-based-diets-on-newly-received-growing-cattle-antibody-production-acute-phase-protein-response-stress-and-immunocompetency-of-healthy-and-morbid-animals
#6
T J Spore, S P Montgomery, E C Titgemeyer, G A Hanzlicek, C I Vahl, T G Nagaraja, K T Cavalli, W R Hollenbeck, R A Wahl, D A Blasi
Effects of dietary energy level and intake of corn by-product based diets on antibody production, acute phase protein response, stress, and immunocompetency of healthy and morbid newly received growing cattle were evaluated. Four dietary treatments were formulated to supply 0.99, 1.10, 1.21, and 1.32 Mcal NEg/ kg DM and were offered at 100%, 95%, 90%, and 85% of ad libitum based on 0.99/100 treatment intake, respectively. Thirty-two pens were utilized with approximately 12 animals/pen. Four animals from each pen (32/dietary treatment) were randomly selected and used to serve as a subset to monitor immune function and acute phase proteins following a split-plot design...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470349/impaired-secretion-of-tnf-%C3%AE-by-monocytes-stimulated-with-ebv-peptides-associates-with-infectious-complications-following-kidney-transplantation
#7
Patrice Vallin, Olivier Désy, Stéphanie Béland, François Bouchard-Boivin, Isabelle Houde, S A De Serres
BACKGROUND: The successful development of immunosuppressive agents has paradoxically led to an era in which adverse effects of immunosuppression, such as infections and cancer, are now a major concern in solid organ recipients. Nevertheless, the main focus of immune monitoring research remains the identification of rejection. There is currently no clinical tool to assess the net state of immunosuppression or to identify patients at increased risk of infectious complications. METHODS: We report a prospective, longitudinal study in which we conducted detailed phenotyping of over 300 peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples from 45 kidney recipients during the first 24 months posttransplant...
February 20, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469471/-progress-of-molecular-detection-of-schistosoma
#8
Zhang Yan, Dong Hui-Fen, Jiang Ming-Sen, Zhao Qin-Ping
Schistosomiasis diagnosis plays an important role in the schistosomiasis control. The early detection of schistosomiasis can help to find the infectious source and prevent advanced schistosomiasis effectively. Up to now, serodiagnosis and parasitological diagnosis are used commonly to detect the infection of Schistosoma . As the schistosomiasis control program continues in China, the infection rate and infection intensity of Schistosoma japonicum are decreased significantly, which makes the serodiagnosis and parasitological diagnosis limited for lacking of sensitivity and timeliness...
August 29, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469364/-epidemiological-characteristics-of-malaria-in-leshan-city-1950-2015
#9
Qin Li-Ping, Xu Rong-Fang, Li Zhi-Bin, Luo Yao, Wang Jia, Jiang Dun-Tao, Lei Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Leshan City, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the strategy and measures for consolidating the achievements of malaria elimination. METHODS: The data of epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Leshan City from 1950 to 2015 were collected and analyzed with the descriptive epidemiology method. RESULTS: There were four larger scale epidemics of malaria in Leshan City from 1950 to 2015...
May 31, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468633/prostaglandin-gel-versus-oxytocin-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-at-term-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Kassam Mahomed, Kellie Wild, Christopher R Weekes
BACKGROUND: Pre-labour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is a common event with early induction of labour reducing infectious morbidity without increasing the caesarean rate. Syntocinon is commonly used for induction but prostaglandins are also routinely used. Large studies have shown no difference in the maternal and neonatal outcomes with either method. AIM: To assess the safety and efficacy of vaginal prostaglandin (PG) compared to syntocinon for induction of labour in term-PROM...
February 22, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468409/performance-of-arsi-bale-sheep-fed-urea-treated-maize-cob-as-basal-diet-and-supplemented-with-graded-levels-of-concentrate-mixture
#11
Tesfaye Negewo, Solomon Melaku, Bimrew Asmare, Adugna Tolera
The experiment was conducted using 20 yearling intact male Arsi-Bale sheep with a mean body weight of 20.56 ± 0.45 (mean ± SD) to investigate the performance and economic benefit of graded levels of concentrate supplementation to urea-treated maize cob (UTMC)-based diet. The experiment consisted of 7 days of digestibility trial and subsequent 90 days of feeding trial. Before the commencement of the experiment, sheep were vaccinated against common infectious diseases, dewormed, and disinfected against internal and external parasites, respectively...
February 21, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466502/endoparasites-in-domestic-animals-surrounding-an-atlantic-forest-remnant-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil
#12
Anaiá da Paixão Sevá, Hilda Fátima de Jesus Pena, Alessandra Nava, Amanda Oliveira de Sousa, Luciane Holsback, Rodrigo Martins Soares
Morro do Diabo State Park (MDSP) is a significant remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest in Brazil and is surrounded by rural properties. In that area, wild and domestic animals and humans are in close contact, which facilitates the two-way flow of infectious diseases among them. We assessed endoparasites in domestic livestock from all rural properties surrounding MDSP. There were sampled 197 cattle, 37 horses, 11 sheep, 25 swine, 21 dogs, one cat and 62 groups of chickens from 10 large private properties and 75 rural settlements...
February 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466408/the-clinical-characteristics-of-adults-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-yangon-myanmar-an-observational-study
#13
Nan Phyu Sin Toe Myint, Ne Myo Aung, Myint Soe Win, Thu Ya Htut, Anna P Ralph, David A Cooper, Myo Lwin Nyein, Mar Mar Kyi, Josh Hanson
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a major cause of premature death in low and middle-income countries. The greatest barrier to RHD control is neglect of the disease in national health policies and a lack of prevalence data that might inform control efforts. Myanmar is making remarkable progress against many infectious diseases, but there are almost no data to define the clinical burden of RHD in the country. This prospective audit was performed in an adult medical ward of a tertiary-referral hospital in Yangon, to gain an insight into the prevalence of RHD in Myanmar...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465747/antibiotics-for-treating-gonorrhoea-in-pregnancy
#14
REVIEW
Gabriella Comunián-Carrasco, Guiomar E Peña-Martí, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and is a major public health challenge today. N gonorrhoeae can be transmitted from the mother's genital tract to the newborn during birth, and can cause gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum as well as systemic neonatal infections. It can also cause endometritis and pelvic sepsis in the mother. This review updates and replaces an earlier Cochrane Review on antibiotics for treating this infectious condition...
February 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465651/the-epidemiology-of-syphilis-in-new-york-city-historic-trends-and-the-current-outbreak-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-2016
#15
Julia A Schillinger, Jennifer Sanderson Slutsker, Preeti Pathela, Ellen Klingler, Robin R Hennessy, Brian Toro, Susan Blank
BACKGROUND: Male primary and secondary (P&S) and early latent (EL) syphilis cases have increased markedly in New York City (NYC) after a historic nadir in 1998. The majority of cases are among men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM). We describe the epidemiology of syphilis among NYC males to provide a model of how one jurisdiction collects, analyzes, interprets, uses, and disseminates local data to guide programmatic activities directed at syphilis control. METHODS: We analyzed trends in reported infectious syphilis cases using routinely collected surveillance and case investigation data...
January 19, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465145/immunisation-registries-at-regional-level-in-italy-and-the-roadmap-for-a-future-italian-national-registry
#16
F D'Ancona, V Gianfredi, F Riccardo, S Iannazzo
BACKGROUND: Immunization Information Systems, or Immunisation registries (IRs), are essential to monitor and evaluate the accessibility, quality and outcomes of immunisation programmes both at local and national level. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in order to investigate and map the level of IRs implementation obtained by the 21 Italian Regional Health Authorities. On this basis we defined a roadmap towards implementing an Italian National IR...
March 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464900/abnormal-scattergrams-and-cell-population-data-generated-by-fully-automated-hematological-analyzers-new-tools-for-screening-malaria-infection
#17
S Buoro, B Manenti, M Seghezzi, V Moioli, M Bagorria, A Callegaro, C Ottomano, G Lippi
INTRODUCTION: Malaria is a life-threatening infectious disease, which has been for long confined to specific endemic areas. Nevertheless, the recent increase in immigration flows from endemic regions and imported cases has reemphasized many diagnostic challenges in Western countries, thus paving the way to introduce rapid and accurate strategies for screening subjects with suspected Malaria infection. Therefore, the aim of this article was to describe our recent experience with Sysmex XN-module for rapid screening of subjects with suspected Malaria...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463885/machine-learning-for-the-meta-analyses-of-microbial-pathogens-volatile-signatures
#18
Susana I C J Palma, Ana P Traguedo, Ana R Porteira, Maria J Frias, Hugo Gamboa, Ana C A Roque
Non-invasive and fast diagnostic tools based on volatolomics hold great promise in the control of infectious diseases. However, the tools to identify microbial volatile organic compounds (VOCs) discriminating between human pathogens are still missing. Artificial intelligence is increasingly recognised as an essential tool in health sciences. Machine learning algorithms based in support vector machines and features selection tools were here applied to find sets of microbial VOCs with pathogen-discrimination power...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463270/the-unfunded-priorities-an-evaluation-of-priority-setting-for-noncommunicable-disease-control-in-uganda
#19
Beverley M Essue, Lydia Kapiriri
BACKGROUND: The double burden of infectious diseases coupled with noncommunicable diseases poses unique challenges for priority setting and for achieving equitable action to address the major causes of disease burden in health systems already impacted by limited resources. Noncommunicable disease control is an important global health and development priority. However, there are challenges for translating this global priority into local priorities and action. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of national, sub-national and global factors on priority setting for noncommunicable disease control in Uganda and examine the extent to which priority setting was successful...
February 20, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462851/alleviating-pancreatic-cancer-associated-pain-using-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-neurolysis
#20
REVIEW
Kosuke Minaga, Mamoru Takenaka, Ken Kamata, Tomoe Yoshikawa, Atsushi Nakai, Shunsuke Omoto, Takeshi Miyata, Kentaro Yamao, Hajime Imai, Hiroki Sakamoto, Masayuki Kitano, Masatoshi Kudo
The most common symptom in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer is abdominal pain. This has traditionally been treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioid analgesics. However, these treatments result in inadequate pain control or drug-related adverse effects in some patients. An alternative pain-relief modality is celiac plexus neurolysis, in which the celiac plexus is chemically ablated. This procedure was performed percutaneously or intraoperatively until 1996, when endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided celiac plexus neurolysis was first described...
February 15, 2018: Cancers
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