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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427689/demographic-and-clinical-profile-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-kashmir-a-short-report
#1
Insha Zahoor, Ravouf Asimi, Ehtishamul Haq, Irfan Yousuf Wani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). There have been only few population/hospital based studies on MS in India, and at the same time there is no data on its profile in Kashmir. METHODS: A total of 41 MS patients diagnosed on the basis of 2010 Revised Mc Donald criteria were enrolled in this study from Kashmir region of India. Clinical, demographic, radiological and biochemical parameters were analyzed for most of the patients...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427068/intravitreal-steroids-in-diabetic-macular-edema
#2
Rosangela Lattanzio, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Francesco Bandello
Over the past decade, great strides have been made in the management of diabetic macular edema (DME). Therapeutic alternatives now include focal/grid laser photocoagulation, vitreo-retinal surgery, and intraocular injection of anti-angiogenic and steroid molecules. Intravitreal administration of steroids represents a fundamental alternative for recalcitrant and naive eyes with DME, especially in those cases when anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents are contraindicated or a treatment regimen with fewer intravitreal injections is required...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423528/level-of-fact-defines-the-transcriptional-landscape-and-aggressive-phenotype-of-breast-cancer-cells
#3
Daria Fleyshman, Laura Prendergast, Alfiya Safina, Geraldine Paszkiewicz, Mairead Commane, Kelsey Morgan, Kristopher Attwood, Katerina Gurova
Although breast cancer (BrCa) may be detected at an early stage, there is a shortage of markers that predict tumor aggressiveness and a lack of targeted therapies. Histone chaperone FACT, expressed in a limited number of normal cells, is overexpressed in different types of cancer, including BrCa. Recently, we found that FACT expression in BrCa correlates with markers of aggressive BrCa, which prompted us to explore the consequences of FACT inhibition in BrCa cells with varying levels of FACT.FACT inhibition using a small molecule or shRNA caused reduced growth and viability of all BrCa cells tested...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423352/prospective-serum-metabolomic-profile-of-prostate-cancer-by-size-and-extent-of-primary-tumor
#4
Jiaqi Huang, Alison M Mondul, Stephanie J Weinstein, Edward D Karoly, Joshua N Sampson, Demetrius Albanes
Two recent investigations found serum lipid and energy metabolites related to aggressive prostate cancer up to 20 years prior to diagnosis. To elucidate whether those metabolomic profiles represent etiologic or tumor biomarker signals, we prospectively examined serum metabolites of prostate cancer cases by size and extent of primary tumors in a nested case-control analysis in the ATBC Study cohort that compared cases diagnosed with T2 (n = 71), T3 (n = 51), or T4 (n = 15) disease to controls (n = 200). Time from fasting serum collection to diagnosis averaged 10 years (range 1-20)...
April 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417080/applying-a-systems-approach-to-thyroid-physiology-looking-at-the-whole-with-a-mitochondrial-perspective-instead-of-judging-single-tsh-values-or-why-we-should-know-more-about-mitochondria-to-understand-metabolism
#5
REVIEW
Roy Moncayo, Helga Moncayo
Classical thinking in endocrine physiology squeezes our diagnostic handling into a simple negative feedback mechanism with a controller and a controlled variable. In the case of the thyroid this is reduced to TSH and fT3 and fT4, respectively. The setting of this tight notion has no free space for any additions. In this paper we want to challenge this model of limited application by proposing a construct based on a systems approach departing from two basic considerations. In first place since the majority of cases of thyroid disease develop and appear during life it has to be considered as an acquired condition...
June 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413686/cytokine-profiles-of-amyopathic-dermatomyositis-with-interstitial-lung-diseases-treated-with-mycophenolate
#6
Masachika Hayashi, Ami Aoki, Katsuaki Asakawa, Takuro Sakagami, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Toshinori Takada
A 59-year-old Japanese man diagnosed with interstitial lung disease associated with amyopathic dermatomyositis with anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA-5) antibodies was treated with intravenous methyl prednisolone (PSL) 1000 mg, oral PSL 1 mg/kg, and oral cyclosporin 200 mg daily. His respiratory condition worsened after treatment with two times of intravenous cyclophosphamide and another steroid pulse therapy as well as PSL and cyclosporin. Addition of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), 1...
July 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413058/erythromelalgia-identification-of-a-corticosteroid-responsive-subset
#7
Gabriel L Pagani-Estévez, Paola Sandroni, Mark D Davis, James C Watson
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids (CS) may benefit certain patients with erythromelalgia. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to determine clinical predictors of corticosteroid-responsive erythromelalgia. METHODS: Patients with erythromelalgia who received CS were identified and stratified into corticosteroid nonresponders (NRs), partial corticosteroid responders (PSRs), complete corticosteroid responders (CSRs), and steroid responders (SRs = PSRs + CSRs)...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406861/clinical-presentation-microbiologic-profile-and-factors-predicting-outcomes-in-bacillus-endophthalmitis
#8
Vivek P Dave, Avinash Pathengay, Ina Budhiraja, Savitri Sharma, Rajeev R Pappuru, Mudit Tyagi, Raja Narayanan, Subhadra Jalali, Jay Chhablani, Taraprasad Das
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical presentation, microbiologic profile, and factors predicting outcomes in Bacillus endophthalmitis. METHODS: Retrospective interventional case series. Eighty-six patients with culture-proven Bacillus endophthalmitis, from January 2001 to December 2015, underwent vitrectomy/vitreous biopsy and intravitreal antibiotic with or without steroid as appropriate. The undiluted vitreous biopsy was subjected to microbiologic evaluation. The duration of symptoms, presenting visual acuity, organisms isolated, influence of intravitreal dexamethasone with intravitreal antibiotics, and type of initial intervention were examined for any clinical and statistical correlation in terms of odds ratio with the final visual outcome...
April 11, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401077/comparison-of-ifosfamide-carboplatin-and-etoposide-versus-etoposide-steroid-and-cytarabine-cisplatin-as-salvage-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-refractory-or-relapsed-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#9
Valiollah Mehrzad, Farzaneh Ashrafi, Ali Reza Farrashi, Reyhaneh Pourmarjani, Mehdi Dehghani, Armindokht Shahsanaei
BACKGROUND: Refractory or relapsed Hodgkin's disease (HD) occurs in 10-50% of patients. The treatment of choice for these patients is high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Response to salvage chemotherapy (SCT) partial remission (PR) is necessary before HDCT with ASCT. However, its applicability is restricted mostly to patients responding to salvage chemotherapy. Optimal salvage regimen for these patients is unclear. In this study, our aim was to compare the efficacy profiles of ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide (ICE) and etoposide-steroid-cytarabine-cisplatin (ESHAP) (cytosine arabinoside, cisplatin, and dexamethasone) regimens in the salvage treatment of relapsed or refractory HD...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399164/sequential-monitoring-of-lymphocyte-subsets-and-of-t-and-b-cell-neogenesis-indexes-to-identify-time-varying-immunologic-profiles-in-relation-to-graft-versus-host-disease-and-relapse-after-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#10
Cristina Skert, Simone Perucca, Marco Chiarini, Viviana Giustini, Alessandra Sottini, Claudia Ghidini, Stefano Martellos, Federica Cattina, Benedetta Rambaldi, Valeria Cancelli, Michele Malagola, Alessandro Turra, Nicola Polverelli, Simona Bernardi, Luisa Imberti, Domenico Russo
T and B lymphocyte subsets have been not univocally associated to Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and relapse of hematological malignancies after stem cell transplantation (SCT). Their sequential assessment together with B and T cell neogenesis indexes has been not thoroughly analysed in relation to these changing and interrelated immunologic/clinic events yet. Lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood (PB) and B and T cell neogenesis indexes were analysed together at different time points in a prospective study of 50 patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398155/seasonal-patterns-of-variation-in-steroid-plasma-levels-and-immune-parameters-in-anurans-from-brazilian-semiarid-area
#11
Carla Bonetti Madelaire, Inna Sokolova, Fernando Ribeiro Gomes
Elevated androgens and glucocorticoids displayed by males during the reproductive season have been proposed to mediate a possible trade-off between reproduction and immunocompetence. Anurans living in arid and semiarid environments display a strong seasonal reproduction, which could accentuate the variation in physiological, immunological, and behavioral parameters. We studied covariation between steroid plasma levels, morphometric variables associated with body condition and immunity, leukocyte profile, parasite load, and response to an immunological challenge across different phases of the annual life-history cycle of three anuran species from a Brazilian semiarid area...
July 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396286/altered-mitochondrial-and-peroxisomal-integrity-in-lipocalin-2-deficient-mice-with-hepatic-steatosis
#12
Anastasia Asimakopoulou, Annabelle Fülöp, Erawan Borkham-Kamphorst, Eddy Van de Leur, Nikolaus Gassler, Thorsten Berger, Birte Beine, Helmut E Meyer, Tak W Mak, Carsten Hopf, Corinna Henkel, Ralf Weiskirchen
Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) is a secreted adipokine that transports small hydrophobic molecules such as fatty acids and steroids. LCN2 limits bacterial growth by sequestering iron-containing siderophores and in mammalian liver protects against inflammation, infection, injury and other stressors. Because LCN2 modulates hepatic fat metabolism and homeostasis, we performed a comparative profiling of proteins and lipids of wild type (WT) and Lcn2-deficient mice fed either standard chow or a methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet...
April 7, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393582/insights-into-the-human-brain-proteome-disclosing-the-biological-meaning-of-protein-networks-in-cerebrospinal-fluid
#13
Paulo Bastos, Rita Ferreira, Bruno Manadas, Paula I Moreira, Rui Vitorino
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is an excellent source of biological information regarding the nervous system, once it is in close contact and accurately reflects alterations in this system. Several studies have analyzed differential protein profiles of CSF samples between healthy and diseased human subjects. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms and how CSF proteins relate to diseases are still poorly known. By applying bioinformatics tools, we attempted to provide new insights on the biological and functional meaning of proteomics data envisioning the identification of putative disease biomarkers...
April 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390750/implementing-ecopharmacovigilance-epv-from-a-pharmacy-perspective-a-focus-on-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#14
REVIEW
Jun Wang, Bingshu He, Dan Yan, Xiamin Hu
Environmental experts have made great efforts to control pharmaceutical pollution. However, the control of emerged environmental problems caused by medicines should draw more attention of pharmacy and pharmacovigilance researchers. Ecopharmacovigilance (EPV) as a kind of pharmacovigilance for the environment is recognized worldwide as crucial to minimize the environmental risk of pharmaceutical pollutants. But continuing to treat the pollution of pharmaceuticals as a group of substances instead of targeting individual pharmaceuticals on a prioritized basis will lead to a significant waste of resources...
April 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386399/development-of-research-priorities-in-paediatric-pain-and-palliative-care
#15
Christina Liossi, Anna-Karenia Anderson, Richard F Howard
Priority setting for healthcare research is as important as conducting the research itself because rigorous and systematic processes of priority setting can make an important contribution to the quality of research. This project aimed to prioritise clinical therapeutic uncertainties in paediatric pain and palliative care in order to encourage and inform the future research agenda and raise the profile of paediatric pain and palliative care in the United Kingdom. Clinical therapeutic uncertainties were identified and transformed into patient, intervention, comparison and outcome (PICO) format and prioritised using a modified Nominal Group Technique...
February 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385244/novel-ethanol-induced-pectin-xanthan-aerogel-coatings-for-orthopedic-applications
#16
Gabrijela Horvat, Klodian Xhanari, Matjaž Finšgar, Lidija Gradišnik, Uroš Maver, Željko Knez, Zoran Novak
In this study, we developed a novel high methoxyl pectin-xanthan aerogel coating on medical-grade stainless steel, prepared by ethanol-induced gelation and subsequent supercritical drying. Two non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, i.e. diclofenac sodium and indomethacin, were incorporated into the aerogel coating. Electrochemical analyses were performed on the coated samples using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic polarization techniques. The results showed that all passivated samples were highly resistant to general corrosion...
June 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382793/rna-sample-preparation-applied-to-gene-expression-profiling-for-the-horse-biological-passport
#17
Ludovic Bailly-Chouriberry, Florent Baudoin, Florence Cormant, Yohan Glavieux, Benoit Loup, Patrice Garcia, Marie-Agnès Popot, Yves Bonnaire
The improvement of doping control is an on-going race. Techniques to fight against doping are usually based on the direct detection of drugs or their metabolites by analytical methods such as chromatography hyphenated to mass spectrometry after ad hoc sample preparation. Nowadays, omic methods constitute an attractive development and advances have been achieved particularly by application of molecular biology tools for detection of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) or to control human growth hormone misuses...
April 5, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379593/flutamide-induced-hepatotoxicity-ethical-and-scientific-issues
#18
R Giorgetti, M di Muzio, A Giorgetti, D Girolami, L Borgia, A Tagliabracci
OBJECTIVE: Flutamide (FLU) is a non-steroidal antiandrogen drug approved for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer. While this indication limits the use to male patients, FLU is widely prescribed to women, off-label, for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (POCS) related hirsutism and acne. According to the literature, its assumption is associated with a higher incidence of adverse events in women than in male patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in main databases targeting unwilling FLU effects in hepatic and reproductive function...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373267/longitudinal-analyses-of-the-steroid-metabolome-in-obese-pcos-girls-with-weight-loss
#19
Thomas Reinehr, Alexandra Kulle, Juliane Rothermel, Caroline Knop, Nina Lass, Christina Bosse, Paul-Martin Holterhus
OBJECTIVE: The underlying mechanisms of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are not fully understood yet. The aim of the study was to get functional insights into the regulation of steroid hormones in PCOS by steroid metabolomics. DESIGN: This is a longitudinal study of changes of steroid hormones in 40 obese girls aged 13-16 years (50% with PCOS) participating in a 1-year lifestyle intervention. Girls with and without PCOS were matched to age, BMI, and change of weight status...
April 3, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370750/dyslipidemia-after-pediatric-renal-transplantation-the-impact-of-immunosuppressive-regimens
#20
Sandra Habbig, Ruth Volland, Kai Krupka, Uwe Querfeld, Luca Dello Strologo, Aytül Noyan, Fatos Yalcinkaya, Rezan Topaloglu, Nicholas J A Webb, Markus J Kemper, Lars Pape, Martin Bald, Birgitta Kranz, Christina Taylan, Britta Höcker, Burkhard Tönshoff, Lutz T Weber
Dyslipidemia contributes to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in pediatric transplant recipients. Data on prevalence and risk factors in pediatric cohorts are, however, scarce. We therefore determined the prevalence of dyslipidemia in 386 pediatric renal transplant recipients enrolled in the CERTAIN registry. Data were obtained before and during the first year after RTx to analyze possible non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 95% before engraftment and 88% at 1 year post-transplant...
May 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
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