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Lara A Carlson, Michael A Lawrence, Robert W Kenefick
Stock car drivers are exposed to high ambient temperatures, further complicated by the fact that they are encapsulated in protective clothing; however, the hydration status of these drivers has not been determined. This study quantified the degree of fluid losses during a competitive event in hot conditions. Nine male stock car drivers (29.6 ± 9.4 yr, 177.8 ± 3.0 cm, 81.5 ± 18.5 kg) were studied during a Pro Series Division NASCAR race. Sweat rate (SR) and dehydration was determined via nude body weights (BW)...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
John P Patalak, Joel D Stitzel
OBJECTIVE: Since 2000, numerous improvements have been made to the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, Incorporated (NASCAR®) driver restraint system, resulting in improved crash protection for motorsports drivers. Advancements have included seats, head and neck restraints (HNRs), seat belt restraint systems, driver helmets, and others. These enhancements have increased protection for drivers from severe crash loading. Extending protection to the driver's extremities remains challenging...
February 17, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Anand Kaul, Ahmed Abbas, Gabriel Smith, Sunil Manjila, Jonathan Pace, Michael Steinmetz
Fatal craniovertebral junction (CVJ) injuries were the most common cause of death in high-speed motor sports prior to 2001. Following the death of a mutual friend and race car driver, Patrick Jacquemart (1946-1981), biomechanical engineer Dr. Robert Hubbard, along with race car driver and brother-in-law Jim Downing, developed the concept for the Head and Neck Support (HANS) device to prevent flexion-distraction injuries during high-velocity impact. Biomechanical testing showed that neck shear and loading forces experienced during collisions were 3 times the required amount for a catastrophic injury...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Gary Wertman, R Glenn Gaston, William Heisel
BACKGROUND: Understanding the position-specific musculoskeletal forces placed on the body of athletes facilitates treatment, prevention, and return-to-play decisions. While position-specific injuries are well documented in most major sports, little is known about the epidemiology of position-specific injuries in National Association for Stock Car Automobile Racing (NASCAR) drivers and pit crew. PURPOSE: To investigate position-specific upper extremity injuries in NASCAR drivers and pit crew members...
February 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Brooke D Vergales, Elisabeth J Dwyer, Sarah M Wilson, Evelyn A Nicholson, Rachel C Nauman, Li Jin, Robert A Sinkin, David A Kaufman
AIM: To evaluate a new process based on teamwork in a manner similar to the race car pit stop on organization and efficiency during the "Golden Hours" for extremely preterm infants. METHODS: A team designed an improved process focused on checklists, preparation, assigning roles, and best practices, for the care of infants <27 weeks' gestation in the delivery room (DR) through admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Clinical outcomes 2 years before and after implementation were analyzed...
July 2015: Resuscitation
David P Ferguson, Adam M Davis, J Timothy Lightfoot
Stock car racing is the largest spectator sport in the United States. As a result, National Association for Stock Car Automobile Racing (NASCAR) Sprint Cup teams have begun to invest in strength and conditioning programs for their pit crew athletes. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the physical characteristics of elite NASCAR pit crew athletes, how the NASCAR Sprint Cup season affects basic physiological parameters such as body composition, and what is the most appropriate physical training program that meets the needs of a pit crew athlete...
March 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Tracey Neithercott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Diabetes Forecast
Lara A Carlson, David P Ferguson, Robert W Kenefick
Heat strain experienced by motorsport athletes competing in National Association for Stock Car Automobile Racing (NASCAR) may be significant enough to impair performance or even result in a life-threatening accident. There is a need to carefully quantify heat strain during actual NASCAR race competitions in order to faithfully represent the magnitude of the problem and conceptualize future mitigation practices. The purpose of this investigation was to quantify the thermoregulatory and physiological strain associated with competitive stock car driving...
August 2014: Journal of Thermal Biology
David C Nieman, Nicholas D Gillitt, R Andrew Shanely, Dustin Dew, Mary Pat Meaney, Beibei Luo
This study determined if 6-weeks vitamin D2 supplementation (vitD2, 3800 IU/day) had an influence on muscle function, eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), and delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) in National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) NASCAR pit crew athletes. Subjects were randomized to vitD2 (n=13) and placebo (n=15), and ingested supplements (double-blind) for six weeks. Blood samples were collected and muscle function tests conducted pre- and post-study (leg-back and hand grip dynamometer strength tests, body weight bench press to exhaustion, vertical jump, 30-s Wingate test)...
January 2014: Nutrients
John McCarthy, Michael Wargo, Marianne Kostenbader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2013: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
Jeffrey T Somers, Bradley Granderson, John W Melvin, Ala Tabiei, Charles Lawrence, Alan Feiveson, Michael Gernhardt, Robert Ploutz-Snyder, John Patalak
NASA is developing a new crewed vehicle and desires a lower risk of injury compared to automotive or commercial aviation. Through an agreement with the National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing, Inc. (NASCAR®), an analysis of NASCAR impacts was performed to develop new injury assessment reference values (IARV) that may be more relevant to NASA's context of vehicle landing operations. Head IARVs associated with race car impacts were investigated by analyzing all NASCAR recorded impact data for the 2002-2008 race seasons...
November 2011: Stapp Car Crash Journal
Laura J White, Anthony L Chin-Quee, Carla J Berg, Justin C Wise, Edie R Hapner
OBJECTIVE: Although research has documented a difference in cancer risk perception between smokers and nonsmokers, this has not been specifically documented for head and neck cancer. The aim of this study was to determine differences in risk perception for head and neck cancer between smokers and nonsmokers in an at-risk population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was administered. SETTING: Community-based head and neck cancer screenings...
July 2012: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Edie R Hapner, Kellie L Bauer, Justin C Wise
OBJECTIVE: Examine the usefulness of large-scale community-based head and neck cancer screening for reducing tobacco use in an at-risk population. Questions answered: (1) Is participating in a community-based head and neck cancer screening related to a reduction in tobacco usage? (2) Do differing factors between participants predict behavior change? STUDY DESIGN: Survey based with a longitudinal follow-up component. SETTING: Atlanta Motor Speedway during a National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) race event...
November 2011: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Peter J Boyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2010: New Yorker
Steve Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2009: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
Austin S Rose, Charles S Ebert, Jiri Prazma, Harold C Pillsbury
Noise-induced hearing loss associated with the workplace has been well described. Far less is known, however, about the risks to hearing from recreational sources of noise. We investigated the popular sport of stock car racing as a potentially significant source of noise exposure, and we conducted a sound-level survey at a National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) event. Noise levels measured during the race ranged from 96.5 to 104 dB(A) at 46 meters ( approximately 150 feet) from the track and 99 to 109 dB(A) at 6 meters ( approximately 20 feet) from the track...
December 2008: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Ernest L Abel, Michael L Kruger
The distribution of birth months and quarterly birth months of NASCAR drivers (N = 1054) showed significant differences in quarterly birth month distributions between drivers. The highest percentage (27.1%) of drivers were born April-June. Data for the other three periods ranged from 23.6% to 24.7%. The finding was discussed in the context of the "relative age effect" occurring in sports wherein competitors become eligible for participation by age at a specific cut-off date.
December 2007: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Steve Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2007: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
John W Melvin, Paul C Begeman, Ronald K Faller, Dean L Sicking, Scott B McClellan, Edwin Maynard, Michael W Donegan, Annette M Mallott, Thomas W Gideon
Biomechanical analysis of Indy car crashes using on-board impact recorders (Melvin et al. 1998, Melvin et al. 2001) indicates that Indy car driver protection in high-energy crashes can be achieved in frontal, side, and rear crashes with severities in the range of 100 to 135 G peak deceleration and velocity changes in the range of 50 to 70 mph. These crashes were predominantly single-car impacts with the rigid concrete walls of oval tracks. This impressive level of protection was found to be due to the unique combination of a very supportive and tight-fitting cockpit-seating package, a six-point belt restraint system, and effective head padding with an extremely strong chassis that defines the seat and cockpit of a modern Indy car...
November 2006: Stapp Car Crash Journal
Joseph O'Neil, Gregory Steele, C Scott McNair, Matthew M Matusiak, Jyl Madlem
This pilot study determines whether NASCAR racing teams demonstrate exposure to lead from exhaust by evaluation of blood lead levels (BLL). Participants were stratified by proximity to fuel exhaust or whether they worked on an engine. Each participant completed a self-reported survey recording demographics, lead exposure (occupational or in-home environment), and any physical symptoms of lead toxicity. Blood lead levels were then measured. BLL of 47 individuals ranged from 1-22 microg/dL with a median of 9...
February 2006: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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