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Feline obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919269/comparison-of-voluntary-food-intake-and-palatability-of-commercial-weight-loss-diets-in-healthy-dogs-and-cats
#1
Marie Anne Hours, Emmanuelle Sagols, Ariane Junien-Castagna, Alexandre Feugier, Delphine Moniot, Ingrid Daniel, Vincent Biourge, Serisier Samuel, Yann Queau, Alexander J German
BACKGROUND: Obesity in dogs and cats is usually managed by dietary energy restriction using a purpose-formulated weight loss diet, but signs of hunger and begging commonly occur causing poor owner compliance. Altering diet characteristics so as to reduce voluntary food intake (VFI) can improve the likelihood of success, although this should not be at the expense of palatability. The aim of the current study was to compare the VFI and palatibility of novel commercially available canine and feline weight loss diets...
December 5, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565231/diagnosis-of-prediabetes-in-cats-glucose-concentration-cut-points-for-impaired-fasting-glucose-and-impaired-glucose-tolerance
#2
M K Reeve-Johnson, J S Rand, D Vankan, S T Anderson, R Marshall, J M Morton
Diabetes is typically diagnosed in cats once clinical signs are evident. Diagnostic criteria for prediabetes in cats have not been defined. The objective of the study was to establish methodology and cut points for fasting and 2-h blood glucose concentrations in healthy client-owned senior cats (≥8 yr) using ear/paw samples and a portable glucose meter calibrated for feline blood. Of the 78 cats, 27 were ideal (body condition score [BCS] 4 or 5 of 9), 31 overweight (BCS 6 or 7), and 20 obese (BCS 8 or 9); 19 were Burmese and 59 non-Burmese...
October 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27368578/current-topics-in-canine-and-feline-obesity
#3
REVIEW
Beth Hamper
The domestication and urbanization of dogs and cats has dramatically altered their environment and behavior. Human and pet obesity is a global concern, particularly in developed countries. An increased incidence of chronic disease is associated with obesity secondary to low-grade systemic inflammation. This article reviews current research into the genetic, dietary, and physiologic factors associated with obesity, along with use of "omics" technology to better understand and characterize this disease.
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348888/effectiveness-of-feline-body-mass-index-fbmi-as-new-diagnostic-tool-for-obesity
#4
Koh Kawasumi, Eiji Iwazaki, Yuki Okada, Toshiro Arai
Feline body mass index (fBMI), BW/PCL, length from top of patella to end of calcaneus, was developed as a new diagnostic tool for obesity in cats. To evaluate the effectiveness of fBMI for obese cats in short-term, 6 cats were induced weight gain by over-feeding with high fat diet and then they were induced weight reduction by restrict-feeding with low fat diet to measure changes in fBMI and plasma metabolite concentrations and enzyme activities. BCS 3 is correlated with fBMI 24.6-32.0, BCS 4 is correlated with fBMI 33...
February 2016: Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289253/obesity-exercise-and-orthopedic-disease
#5
REVIEW
Christopher W Frye, Justin W Shmalberg, Joseph J Wakshlag
Osteoarthritis is common among aging canine and feline patients. The incidence and severity of clinical lameness are closely correlated to body condition in overweight and obese patients. Excessive adiposity may result in incongruous and excessive mechanical loading that worsens clinical signs in affected patients. Data suggest a potential link between adipokines, obesity-related inflammation, and a worsening of the underlying pathology. Similarly, abnormal physical stress and generalized systemic inflammation propagated by obesity contribute to neurologic signs associated with intervertebral disc disease...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26609567/circulating-concentrations-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-glucose-dependent-insulinotropic-peptide-peptide-yy-and-insulin-in-client-owned-lean-overweight-and-diabetic-cats
#6
C J McMillan, R C Zapata, P K Chelikani, E C R Snead, K Cosford
Our objectives were to measure plasma concentrations of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), and peptide YY (PYY) in client-owned newly diagnosed diabetic cats and nondiabetic lean or overweight cats and to determine whether circulating concentrations of these hormones differed between study groups and if they increased postprandially as seen in other species. A total of 31 cats were recruited and placed into 1 of 3 study groups: lean (body condition score 4-5 on a scale of 1-9; n = 10), overweight (body condition score 6-8; n = 11), or diabetic (n = 10)...
January 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26452635/overweight-and-the-feline-gut-microbiome-a-pilot-study
#7
I N Kieler, L Mølbak, L L Hansen, M L Hermann-Bank, C R Bjornvad
Compared with lean humans, the gut microbiota is altered in the obese. Whether these changes are due to an obesogenic diet, and whether the microbiota contributes to adiposity is currently discussed. In the cat population, where obesity is also prevalent, gut microbiome changes associated with obesity have not been studied. Consequently, the aim of this study was to compare the gut microbiota of lean cats, with that of overweight and obese cats. Seventy-seven rescue-shelter cats housed for ≥3 consecutive days were included in the study...
June 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26452529/characterization-of-key-genes-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system-in-mature-feline-adipocytes-and-during-in%C3%A2-vitro-adipogenesis
#8
J Riedel, B Badewien-Rentzsch, B Kohn, L Hoeke, R Einspanier
Obesity is a growing health problem in humans as well as companion animals. In the development and progression of obesity-associated diseases, the members of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are proposed to be involved. Particularly, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in cats has increased enormously which is often been linked to obesity as well as to RAS. So far, reports about the expression of a local RAS in cat adipocytes are missing. Therefore, we investigated the mRNA expression of various RAS genes as well as the adipocyte marker genes adiponectin, leptin and PPAR-γ in feline adipocytes using quantitative PCR...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26268360/changes-in-fatty-acid-composition-in-tissue-and-serum-of-obese-cats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#9
Megumi Fujiwara, Nobuko Mori, Touko Sato, Hiroyuki Tazaki, Shingo Ishikawa, Ichiro Yamamoto, Toshiro Arai
BACKGROUND: Obesity and overweight have been frequently observed in dogs and cats in recent years as in humans. The compositions of fatty acids (FAs) in the accumulated lipids in tissues of obese animals may have important roles in the process and mechanisms related to the onset of metabolic disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a high fat (HF) diet, which contained a higher proportion of saturated FAs, on FA metabolism and distribution in obese cats. Cats (N = 12) were divided into control diet group (crude fat; 16...
2015: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265631/risk-factors-identified-for-owner-reported-feline-obesity-at-around-one-year-of-age-dry-diet-and-indoor-lifestyle
#10
Elizabeth Rowe, William Browne, Rachel Casey, Tim Gruffydd-Jones, Jane Murray
Obesity is considered the second most common health problem in pet cats in developed countries. Previous studies investigating risk factors for feline obesity have been cross-sectional, where reverse causality cannot be ruled out. This study is the first to use prospective data from a large scale longitudinal study of pet cats ('Bristol Cats') to identify early-life risk factors for feline overweight/obesity at around one year of age. Data analysed were collected via three owner-completed questionnaires (for cats aged 2-4 months, 6...
October 1, 2015: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26256230/molecular-cloning-of-feline-resistin-and-the-expression-of-resistin-leptin-and-adiponectin-in-the-adipose-tissue-of-normal-and-obese-cats
#11
Satoshi Takashima, Naohito Nishii, Akiko Kato, Tatsuya Matsubara, Sanae Shibata, Hitoshi Kitagawa
Resistin, one of the adipokines that has a cycteine-rich C-terminus, is considered to relate to the development of insulin resistance in rats. However, in cats, there is little knowledge regarding resistin. In this study, we cloned the feline resistin cDNA from adipose tissue by RT-PCR. The feline resistin clone contained an entire open reading frame encoding 107 amino acids that had 72.8%, 75.4%, 50.9% and 51.8% homology with bovine, human, mouse and rat homologues, respectively. In both subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues, the transcription levels of feline resistin mRNA were significantly higher in obese cats than normal cats, and those of feline adiponectin mRNA were significantly lower in obese cats than normal cats...
January 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26239911/adipose-tissue-macrophages-in-non-rodent-mammals-a-comparative-study
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Grace Ampem, Hind Azegrouz, Árpád Bacsadi, Lajos Balogh, Susanne Schmidt, Julianna Thuróczy, Tamás Röszer
The stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue in rodents and primates contains mesenchymal stem cells and immune cells. SVF cells have complex metabolic, immune and endocrine functions with biomedical impact. However, in other mammals, the amount of data on SVF stem cells is negligible and whether the SVF hosts immune cells is unknown. In this study, we show that the SVF is rich in immune cells, with a dominance of adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) in cattle (Bos primigenius taurus), domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus), domestic sheep (Ovis aries), domestic cat (Felis catus) and domestic dog (Canis familiaris)...
February 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26101594/long-term-follow-up-after-weight-management-in-obese-cats
#13
Gabrielle Deagle, Shelley L Holden, Vincent Biourge, Penelope J Morris, Alexander J German
Feline obesity is a prevalent medical disease and the main therapeutic strategy is dietary energy restriction. However, at present there are no data regarding long-term outcome in this species. The purpose of the present study was to investigate if, as in other species, some cats regain weight following successful weight loss, and to identify any influencing factors in a cohort of client-owned cats with naturally occurring obesity. Twenty-six cats were included, all of which had successfully completed a weight management programme...
2014: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26020861/companion-animals-symposium-future-aspects-and-perceptions-of-companion-animal-nutrition-and-sustainability
#14
REVIEW
P Deng, K S Swanson
Companion animals play an important role in our lives and are now considered to be and treated as family members in a majority of households in the United States. Because of the high number of pets that now exist, an increasingly stronger pet-human bond, and the importance placed on health and longevity, the pet food industry has realized steady growth over the last few decades. Despite past successes and opportunities that exist in the future, there are also challenges that must be considered. This review will present a brief overview of the current pet food industry and address some of the key issues moving forward...
March 2015: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25863311/microbiota-and-probiotics-in-canine-and-feline-welfare
#15
REVIEW
Łukasz Grześkowiak, Akihito Endo, Shea Beasley, Seppo Salminen
Dogs and cats have been cohabiting with us for thousands of years. They are the major human companions. Today, dogs and cats live in urban areas. Cats and most dogs are on high carbohydrate diets and face similar life-style challenges as the human beings. The health and well-being of companion animals, just as their owners, depends on the gut microbes. Providing a proper care and nutritionally balanced diet to companion animals is recognised as a part of our responsibility to maintain the health and well being of our pet...
August 2015: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25814247/translational-value-of-animal-models-of-obesity-focus-on-dogs-and-cats
#16
REVIEW
Melania Osto, Thomas A Lutz
A prolonged imbalance between a relative increase in energy intake over a decrease in energy expenditure results in the development of obesity; extended periods of a positive energy balance eventually lead to the accumulation of abnormally high amounts of fat in adipose tissue but also in other organs. Obesity is considered a clinical state of impaired general heath in which the excessive increase in adipose tissue mass may be associated with metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases...
July 15, 2015: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25523996/canine-and-feline-obesity-a-one-health-perspective
#17
Peter Sandøe, Clare Palmer, Sandra Corr, Arne Astrup, Charlotte Reinhard Bjørnvad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2014: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25356486/effects-of-photoperiod-on-food-intake-activity-and-metabolic-rate-in-adult-neutered-male-cats
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
K L Kappen, L M Garner, K R Kerr, K S Swanson
With the continued rise in feline obesity, novel weight management strategies are needed. To date, strategies aimed at altering physical activity, an important factor in weight maintenance, have been lacking. Photoperiod is known to cause physiological changes in seasonal mammals, including changes in body weight (BW) and reproductive status. Thus, our objective was to determine the effect of increased photoperiod (longer days) on voluntary physical activity levels, resting metabolic rate (RMR), food intake required to maintain BW, and fasting serum leptin and ghrelin concentrations in adult cats...
October 2014: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25344379/effect-of-acarbose-on-postprandial-blood-glucose-concentrations-in-healthy-cats-fed-low-and-high-carbohydrate-diets
#19
Ranee Singh, Jacquie S Rand, Marcia Coradini, John M Morton
OBJECTIVES: Feeding a low carbohydrate diet is recommended for diabetic cats; however, some cats may require diets containing moderate-to-high carbohydrate and may benefit from the use of therapeutic agents to improve glycemic control. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of the α-glucosidase inhibitor acarbose on postprandial plasma glucose concentration when combined with commercially available feline diets high and low in carbohydrate. METHODS: Twelve healthy, adult, non-obese, neutered cats were enrolled...
October 2015: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25209968/pulmonary-function-in-obese-vs-non-obese-cats
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Laín García-Guasch, Alicia Caro-Vadillo, Jordi Manubens-Grau, Elena Carretón, Aparecido A Camacho, José Alberto Montoya-Alonso
Obesity is a risk factor in the development of several respiratory diseases. Lung volumes tend to be decreased, especially expiratory reserve volume, increasing expiratory flow limitation during tidal breathing. Barometric whole-body plethysmography is a non-invasive pulmonary function test that allows a dynamic study of breathing patterns. The objective of this study was to compare pulmonary function variables between obese and non-obese cats through the use of barometric whole-body plethysmography. Nine normal-weight and six obese cats were placed in the plethysmograph chamber, and different respiratory variables were measured...
June 2015: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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