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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534822/violence-victimization-in-korean-adolescents-risk-factors-and-psychological-problems
#1
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Hyesue Jang, Minkyung Jo
We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived health, happiness, sleep satisfaction, stress, depressed mood, and suicidality. The 12-month prevalence of violence victimization requiring medical treatment was 2...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533736/telescopic-overdenture-a-case-report
#2
C S Shruthi, R Poojya, Swati Ram, Anupama
PATIENT: This report describes the case of a 68 year old female patient who presented with the chief complaint of difficulty in chewing and poor aesthetics due to missing teeth. The patient was interested in saving the remaining natural teeth and desired minimal tissue coverage from the prosthesis. After consideration of all the factors involved, it was deemed advisable to resort to a palate free maxillary telescopic complete denture and a mandibular removable partial denture. DISCUSSION: Considering the age of the patient and the cost involved, implant supported prosthesis was ruled out as a treatment option for the patient...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533568/leveraging-geotagged-twitter-data-to-examine-neighborhood-happiness-diet-and-physical-activity
#3
Quynh C Nguyen, Suraj Kath, Hsien-Wen Meng, Dapeng Li, Ken Robert Smith, James A VanDerslice, Ming Wen, Feifei Li
OBJECTIVES: Using publicly available, geotagged Twitter data, we created neighborhood indicators for happiness, food and physical activity for three large counties: Salt Lake, San Francisco and New York. METHODS: We utilize 2.8 million tweets collected between February-August 2015 in our analysis. Geo-coordinates of where tweets were sent allow us to spatially join them to 2010 census tract locations. We implemented quality control checks and tested associations between Twitter-derived variables and sociodemographic characteristics...
August 2016: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532288/effects-of-happy-and-sad-facial-expressions-on-the-perception-of-time-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#4
Giovanna Mioni, Simon Grondin, Lucia Meligrana, Francesco Perini, Luigi Bartolomei, Franca Stablum
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a movement disorder caused by deterioration of the dopaminergic system. Previous studies have demonstrated temporal as well as emotional facial recognition impairment in PD patients. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that emotional facial expressions alter temporal judgments. In the present study, we investigate the magnitude of temporal distortions caused by the presentation of emotional facial expressions (happiness, sadness, and neutral) in PD patients with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) and controls...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532264/you-make-me-happy
#5
Robert A Neimeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531872/the-relative-effectiveness-of-extinction-and-counter-conditioning-in-diminishing-children-s-fear
#6
Carol Newall, Tiffany Watson, Kerry-Ann Grant, Rick Richardson
Two behavioural strategies for reducing learned fear are extinction and counter-conditioning, and in this study we compared the relative effectiveness of the two procedures at diminishing fear in children. Seventy-three children aged 7-12 years old (M = 9.30, SD = 1.62) were exposed to pictures of two novel animals on a computer screen during the fear acquisition phase. One of these animals was paired with a picture of a scared human face (CS+) while the other was not (CS-). The children were then randomly assigned to one of three conditions: counter-conditioning (animal paired with a happy face), extinction (animal without scared face), or control (no fear reduction procedure)...
May 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530439/an-eye-tracking-investigation-of-attentional-biases-towards-affect-in-young-children
#7
Jessica L Burris, Ryan A Barry-Anwar, Susan M Rivera
This study examines attentional biases in the presence of angry, happy and neutral faces using a modified eye tracking version of the dot probe task (DPT). Participants were 111 young children between 9 and 48 months. Children passively viewed an affective attention bias task that consisted of a face pairing (neutral paired with either neutral, angry or happy) for 500 ms that was followed by a 1,500-ms asterisk probe on 1 side of the screen. Congruent trials were trials in which the probe appeared on the same side of the screen as the emotional face and incongruent trials were trials in which the probe appeared on the opposite side of the emotional face...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530043/the-happy-teen-programme-a-holistic-outpatient-clinic-based-approach-to-prepare-hiv-infected-youth-for-the-transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-medical-care-services-in-thailand
#8
Rangsima Lolekha, Vitharon Boon-Yasidhi, Yossawadee Na-Nakorn, Boonying Manaboriboon, Warunee Punpanich Vandepitte, Michael Martin, Jariya Tarugsa, Wipada Nuchanard, Pimsiri Leowsrisook, Ketwadee Lapphra, Piyarat Suntarattiwong, Vorapathu Thaineua, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit
INTRODUCTION: We developed an 18-month Happy Teen 2 (HT2) programme comprised of a one-day workshop, two half-day sessions, and three individual sessions to prepare HIV-infected youth for the transition from paediatric to adult HIV care services. We describe the programme and evaluate the change in youth's knowledge scores. METHODS: We implemented the HT2 programme among HIV-infected Thai youth aged 14-22 years who were aware of their HIV status and receiving care at two hospitals in Bangkok (Siriraj Hospital, Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health [QSNICH])...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527986/the-temporal-and-spatial-brain-dynamics-of-automatic-emotion-regulation-in-children
#9
Charline Urbain, Julie Sato, Elizabeth W Pang, Margot J Taylor
Mechanisms for automatic emotion regulation (AER) are essential during childhood as they offset the impact of unwanted or negative emotional responses without drawing on limited attentional resources. Despite the importance of AER in improving the efficiency and flexibility of self-regulation, few research studies have investigated the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms. To fill this gap, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate AER-related brain processes in 25 children (∼10 years old) who performed a go/no-go task that included an incidental exposure to faces containing socio-emotional cues...
May 17, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523610/motivators-for-alzheimer-s-disease-clinical-trial-participation
#10
Shoshana H Bardach, Sarah D Holmes, Gregory A Jicha
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) research progress is impeded due to participant recruitment challenges. This study seeks to better understand, from the perspective of individuals engaged in clinical trials (CTs), research motivations. METHODS: Participants, or their caregivers, from AD treatment and prevention CTs were surveyed about research motivators. RESULTS: The 87 respondents had a mean age of 72.2, were predominantly Caucasian, 55...
May 18, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521756/rethinking-physical-activity-communication-using-focus-groups-to-understand-women-s-goals-values-and-beliefs-to-improve-public-health
#11
Michelle Segar, Jennifer M Taber, Heather Patrick, Chan L Thai, April Oh
BACKGROUND: Communication about physical activity (PA) frames PA and influences what it means to people, including the role it plays in their lives. To the extent that PA messages can be designed to reflect outcomes that are relevant to what people most value experiencing and achieving in their daily lives, the more compelling and effective they will be. Aligned with self-determination theory, this study investigated proximal goals and values that are salient in everyday life and how they could be leveraged through new messaging to better support PA participation among women...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521730/perceptions-of-problem-drinker-patients-family-members-about-their-own-hazardous-drinking-behaviours-in-chinese-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#12
Chen-Chun Lin, Yun-Fang Tsai, Wen-Ling Yeh, Jung-Ta Kao, Ching-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use has been associated with health, social and legal problems. Alcohol-related problems have been studied primarily in problem-drinker patients, with few studies on their family members, particularly about their own hazardous or harmful alcohol-drinking behaviours. METHOD: In this qualitative descriptive study, participants were recruited from three hospitals randomly selected from northern and central Taiwan (2:1). Hazardous-drinker patients and their family members were screened using the Chinese version Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (scores ≥8 indicate harmful or hazardous drinkers)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521599/religious-involvement-and-happiness-assessing-the-mediating-role-of-compassion-and-helping-others
#13
Neal Krause, Gail Ironson, Peter Hill
Research reveals that a number of different aspects of religious involvement are associated with happiness. However, researchers have yet to provide an overarching theoretical explanation for how multiple dimensions of religion might be associated with happiness. The purpose of this study is to develop and test a conceptual model that includes the following core hypotheses: (1) people who attend worship services more often tend to be more committed to their faith; (2) people who are more committed to their faith are more likely to be compassionate; (3) compassionate individuals are more likely to provide emotional support to significant others; and (4) people who provide support to others tend to be happier...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521280/stimulus-fear-relevance-and-the-speed-magnitude-and-robustness-of-vicariously-learned-fear
#14
Güler Dunne, Gemma Reynolds, Chris Askew
Superior learning for fear-relevant stimuli is typically indicated in the laboratory by faster acquisition of fear responses, greater learned fear, and enhanced resistance to extinction. Three experiments investigated the speed, magnitude, and robustness of UK children's (6-10 years; N = 290; 122 boys, 168 girls) vicariously learned fear responses for three types of stimuli. In two experiments, children were presented with pictures of novel animals (Australian marsupials) and flowers (fear-irrelevant stimuli) alone (control) or together with faces expressing fear or happiness...
May 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521155/is-laughter-a-better-vocal-change-detector-than-a-growl
#15
Ana P Pinheiro, Carla Barros, Margarida Vasconcelos, Christian Obermeier, Sonja A Kotz
The capacity to predict what should happen next and to minimize any discrepancy between an expected and an actual sensory input (prediction error) is a central aspect of perception. Particularly in vocal communication, the effective prediction of an auditory input that informs the listener about the emotionality of a speaker is critical. What is currently unknown is how the perceived valence of an emotional vocalization affects the capacity to predict and detect a change in the auditory input. This question was probed in a combined event-related potential (ERP) and time-frequency analysis approach...
April 11, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521069/experiences-and-expectations-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study
#16
Stina Lou, Michal Frumer, Mette M Schlütter, Olav B Petersen, Ida Vogel, Camilla P Nielsen
BACKGROUND: A dominant context for pregnant women in the Western world is medical technologies such as ultrasound and screening. It has been argued that such technologies may result in tentative pregnancies, which may be particularly prominent in the first trimester. However, little is known about how women experience early pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To explore the everyday experiences and expectations of first trimester pregnant women in a medicalized context of comprehensive and routine prenatal screening...
May 18, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516421/differential-fairness-decisions-and-brain-responses-after-expressed-emotions-of-others-in-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Eduard T Klapwijk, Moji Aghajani, Gert-Jan Lelieveld, Natasja D J van Lang, Arne Popma, Nic J A van der Wee, Olivier F Colins, Robert R J M Vermeiren
Little is known about how emotions expressed by others influence social decisions and associated brain responses in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We investigated the neural mechanisms underlying fairness decisions in response to explicitly expressed emotions of others in boys with ASD and typically developing (TD) boys. Participants with ASD adjusted their allocation behavior in response to the emotions but reacted less unfair than TD controls in response to happiness. We also found reduced brain responses in the precental gyrus in the ASD versus TD group when receiving happy versus angry reactions and autistic traits were positively associated with activity in the postcentral gyrus...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512080/using-text-messaging-in-long-term-arthroplasty-follow-up-a-pilot-study
#18
Oliver Blocker, Alison Bullock, Rhidian Morgan-Jones, Adel Ghandour, James Richardson
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and mobile technology have the potential to change the way patients are monitored following joint replacement surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of text messaging to record PROMs in long-term follow-up of hip and knee arthroplasty. Our participants were 17 patients 2-years-plus post hip or knee arthroplasty attending clinic with a mobile telephone number on record. METHODS: A simple PROM (Oswestry Very Short Form) was texted to the patient...
May 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508957/genetic-and-environmental-correlations-between-subjective-wellbeing-and-experience-of-life-events-in-adolescence
#19
Robyn E Wootton, Oliver S P Davis, Abigail L Mottershaw, R Adele H Wang, Claire M A Haworth
Some life events appear heritable due to the genetic influence on related behaviours. Shared genetic influence between negative behaviours and negative life events has previously been established. This study investigated whether subjective wellbeing and positive life events were genetically associated. Participants in the Twins Early Development Study (aged 16.32 ± .68 years) completed subjective wellbeing and life events assessments via two separate studies (overlapping N for wellbeing and life events measures ranged from 3527 to 9350)...
May 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507820/self-centeredness-and-selflessness-happiness-correlates-and-mediating-psychological-processes
#20
Michael Dambrun
The main objective of this research was to test central assumptions from the Self-centeredness/Selflessness Happiness Model. According to this model, while self-centered psychological functioning induces fluctuating happiness, authentic-durable happiness results from selflessness. Distinct mediating processes are supposed to account for these relationships: afflictive affects (e.g., anger, fear, jealousy, frustration) in the case of the former, and both emotional stability and feelings of harmony in the case of the latter...
2017: PeerJ
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