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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167729/emotional-face-recognition-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-evidence-from-event-related-gamma-oscillation
#1
Mahdiyeh Sarraf Razavi, Mehdi Tehranidoost, Farnaz Ghassemi, Parivash Purabassi, Athena Taymourtash
Introduction: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have some impairment in emotional relationship which can be due to problems in emotional processing. The present study investigated neural correlates of early stages of emotional face processing in this group compared with typically developing children using the Gamma Band Activity (GBA). Methods: A total of 19 children diagnosed with ADHD (Combined type) based on DSM-IV classification were compared with 19 typically developing children matched on age, gender, and IQ...
September 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167652/eye-contact-and-fear-of-being-laughed-at-in-a-gaze-discrimination-task
#2
Jorge Torres-Marín, Hugo Carretero-Dios, Alberto Acosta, Juan Lupiáñez
Current approaches conceptualize gelotophobia as a personality trait characterized by a disproportionate fear of being laughed at by others. Consistently with this perspective, gelotophobes are also described as neurotic and introverted and as having a paranoid tendency to anticipate derision and mockery situations. Although research on gelotophobia has significantly progressed over the past two decades, no evidence exists concerning the potential effects of gelotophobia in reaction to eye contact. Previous research has pointed to difficulties in discriminating gaze direction as the basis of possible misinterpretations of others' intentions or mental states...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166202/the-effectiveness-of-distraction-cartoon-patterned-clothes-and-bubble-blowing-on-pain-and-anxiety-in-preschool-children-during-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Made Pande Lilik Lestari, Dessie Wanda, Happy Hayati
In preschool children, venipuncture is considered a bodily threat that can cause pain and anxiety, as well as being a traumatic experience. If the pain and anxiety felt by a child during a venipuncture is not addressed properly, it can result in a traumatic experience, and traumatic events in childhood can have long-term consequences. Atraumatic treatment in the emergency department has been little explored in previous research; therefore, the present study assessed the effectiveness of using the distractions of cartoon-patterned clothes and bubble-blowing on the pain and anxiety of preschool children during venipuncture in the emergency department...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166200/effect-of-audiovisual-distraction-on-distress-and-oxygenation-status-in-children-receiving-aerosol-therapy
#4
Ni Luh Putu Shinta Devi, Nani Nurhaeni, Happy Hayati
Aerosol therapy, a treatment for children with disorders of the respiratory system, often causes distress, especially in young children. Distress during aerosol therapy can decrease the effectiveness of the treatment. This study aimed to determine the effect of audiovisual distraction on distress levels and oxygenation status (measured by oxygen saturation and respiratory frequency) in children who receive aerosol therapy for disorders of the respiratory system. A quasi-experimental design was employed, specifically a non-equivalent control group, pre-test-post-test design...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166197/combining-natural-ingredients-and-beliefs-the-dayak-tribe-s-experience-caring-for-sick-children-with-traditional-medicine
#5
Shinta Widiastuty Anggerainy, Dessie Wanda, Happy Hayati
Instead of seeking conventional health care, the Dayak tribe in Borneo, Indonesia, treats sick children at home with traditional medicine. The objective of this descriptive, qualitative study was to explore the Dayak tribe's use of traditional medicine to care for sick children. Comprehensive interviews were conducted with 10 caregivers, with collected data analyzed using content analysis. Key recurring themes identified were: 1) traditional medicine as first aid; 2) ease of access and cost-effectiveness; 3) traditional medicine was not always effective; 4) a combination of natural ingredients and beliefs; 5) the importance of "communicating" with plants; and 6) engagement with metaphysical forces...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164961/disability-and-activity-related-emotion-in-later-life-are-effects-buffered-by-intimate-relationship-support-and-strain
#6
Deborah Carr, Jennifer C Cornman, Vicki A Freedman
We use daily diary data from the Disability and Use of Time supplement to the 2013 Panel Study of Income Dynamics ( n = 1,162) to evaluate (1) the extent to which marital/partner support and strain moderate the effects of disability on five activity-related emotions (happiness, calm, sadness, frustration, worry) and overall negative and positive emotion among older married, cohabiting, and dating persons and (2) whether such patterns differ significantly by gender. Marital support buffers against negative emotions and increases feelings of calm among severely impaired women...
September 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164447/specific-patterns-of-emotion-recognition-from-faces-in-children-with-asd-results-of-a-cross-modal-matching-paradigm
#7
Ofer Golan, Ilanit Gordon, Keren Fichman, Giora Keinan
Children with ASD show emotion recognition difficulties, as part of their social communication deficits. We examined facial emotion recognition (FER) in intellectually disabled children with ASD and in younger typically developing (TD) controls, matched on mental age. Our emotion-matching paradigm employed three different modalities: facial, vocal and verbal. Results confirmed overall FER deficits in ASD. Compared to the TD group, children with ASD had the poorest performance in recognizing surprise and anger in comparison to happiness and sadness, and struggled with face-face matching, compared to voice-face and word-face combinations...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163303/attentional-orientation-patterns-toward-emotional-faces-and-temperamental-correlates-of-preschool-oppositional-defiant-problems-the-moderating-role-of-callous-unemotional-traits-and-anxiety-symptoms
#8
Georgiana Susa Erdogan, Oana Benga, Crina Marină
The present study examined the independent contributions and the interaction effects of oppositional defiant problems (ODD), callous unemotional traits (CU) and anxiety symptoms on attentional orienting to emotional faces, in a community sample of preschoolers. Additionally, based on Rothbart's (2007) model of temperament, we analyzed whether fine-grained dimensions of reactivity (fear, anger, discomfort, sadness, activity level, approach, high intensity pleasure, impulsivity) and self-regulation (attentional shifting, attentional focusing, inhibitory control), as well as the higher order temperamental factors of negative affectivity, surgency and effortful control are associated with CU traits and ODD-related problems...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163258/the-structure-of-the-chinese-material-value-scale-an-eastern-cultural-view
#9
Jiangqun Liao, Lei Wang
This study investigated the structure of the Chinese Material Value Scale (MVS). A two-factor structure, rather than the original three-factor structure, was proposed for China by means of confirmatory factor analysis. Direct evidence showed that the dimensions of success and happiness could be merged together. Both explicit and implicit methods were used to examine the relationship between success and happiness based on possession. In particular, as an implicit method, the dot-probe paradigm recording participants' response time supported the idea that the two-factors could be merged together...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163082/the-way-dogs-canis-familiaris-look-at-human-emotional-faces-is-modulated-by-oxytocin-an-eye-tracking-study
#10
Anna Kis, Anna Hernádi, Bernadett Miklósi, Orsolya Kanizsár, József Topál
Dogs have been shown to excel in reading human social cues, including facial cues. In the present study we used eye-tracking technology to further study dogs' face processing abilities. It was found that dogs discriminated between human facial regions in their spontaneous viewing pattern and looked most to the eye region independently of facial expression. Furthermore dogs played most attention to the first two images presented, afterwards their attention dramatically decreases; a finding that has methodological implications...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162181/effects-of-early-institutionalization-on-emotion-processing-in-12-year-old-youth
#11
Johanna Bick, Rhiannon Luyster, Nathan A Fox, Charles H Zeanah, Charles A Nelson
We examined facial emotion recognition in 12-year-olds in a longitudinally followed sample of children with and without exposure to early life psychosocial deprivation (institutional care). Half of the institutionally reared children were randomized into foster care homes during the first years of life. Facial emotion recognition was examined in a behavioral task using morphed images. This same task had been administered when children were 8 years old. Neutral facial expressions were morphed with happy, sad, angry, and fearful emotional facial expressions, and children were asked to identify the emotion of each face, which varied in intensity...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159240/dataset-reporting-the-perceiver-identification-rates-of-basic-emotions-expressed-by-male-female-and-ambiguous-gendered-walkers-in-full-light-point-light-and-synthetically-modelled-point-light-walkers
#12
Shaun Halovic, Christian Kroos
This data set describes the experimental data collected and reported in the research article "Walking my way? Walker gender and display format confounds the perception of specific emotions" (Halovic and Kroos, in press) [1]. The data set represent perceiver identification rates for different emotions (happiness, sadness, anger, fear and neutral), as displayed by full-light, point-light and synthetic point-light walkers. The perceiver identification scores have been transformed into Ht rates, which represent proportions/percentages of correct identifications above what would be expected by chance...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157845/face-perception-in-social-anxiety-visuocortical-dynamics-reveal-propensities-for-hypervigilance-or-avoidance
#13
Lisa M McTeague, Marie-Claude Laplante, Hailey W Bulls, Joshua R Shumen, Peter J Lang, Andreas Keil
BACKGROUND: Theories of aberrant attentional processing in social anxiety, and anxiety disorders more broadly, have postulated an initial hypervigilance or facilitation to clinically relevant threats and consequent defensive avoidance. However, existing objective measurements utilized to explore this phenomenon lack the resolution to elucidate attentional dynamics, particularly covert influences. METHODS: We utilized a continuous measure of visuocortical engagement, the steady-state visual evoked potential in response to naturalistic angry, fearful, happy, and neutral facial expressions...
October 13, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156424/blink-reflex-under-external-emotional-stimuli-in-bipolar-i-and-ii-disorders
#14
Qisha Zhu, Jiawei Wang, Hongying Fan, Guorong Ma, Bingren Zhang, Chanchan Shen, Wei Wang
Bipolar disorder types I (BD I) and II (BD II) might present different cortico-brainstem circuit dysfunctions under external emotions, which might be reflected by the blink reflex. We therefore invited 32 BD I and 23 BD II patients, and 46 healthy volunteers to answer the Mood Disorder Questionnaire, the Hypomania Checklist-32, and the Plutchik - van Praag Depression inventory, and to undergo the blink reflex test under external emotions (emotional pictures plus sounds) of Disgust, Erotica, Fear, Happiness, and Sadness...
November 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154290/positive-facial-expressions-during-retrieval-of-self-defining-memories
#15
Marie Charlotte Gandolphe, Jean Louis Nandrino, Gérald Delelis, Claire Ducro, Audrey Lavallee, Xavier Saloppe, Ahmed A Moustafa, Mohamad El Haj
In this study, we investigated, for the first time, facial expressions during the retrieval of Self-defining memories (i.e., those vivid and emotionally intense memories of enduring concerns or unresolved conflicts). Participants self-rated the emotional valence of their Self-defining memories and autobiographical retrieval was analyzed with a facial analysis software. This software (Facereader) synthesizes the facial expression information (i.e., cheek, lips, muscles, eyebrow muscles) to describe and categorize facial expressions (i...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150757/invisible-side-of-emotions-somato-motor-responses-to-affective-facial-displays-in-alexithymia
#16
Cristina Scarpazza, Elisabetta Làdavas, Luigi Cattaneo
According to recent theories, the detection of emotions involves somatic experiences. In this study, we investigated the relation between somatic responses to affective stimuli, emotion perception, and alexithymia. Variations in automatic rapid facial reactions (RFRs) were measured in a selected population of participants with high and low levels of alexithymia (HA and LA, respectively). Electromyographic activity was recorded from the corrugator supercilii and the zygomaticus major, while participants performed a gender classification task on faces expressing various emotional states...
November 17, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150357/caregiver-burden-of-parents-of-young-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#17
C Fitzgerald, S George, R Somerville, B Linnane, P Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of research examining the impact of informal caregiving on parents of young children with cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of this study was to examine caregiver burden and identify risk factors associated with high caregiver burden in mothers and fathers of young children with CF. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of parents of young children with CF. A total of 213 families were invited to complete the CarerQoL questionnaire, a validated tool composed of two parts: (i) the CarerQol-7D which describes the care situation in terms of the negative and positive effects of caregiving and (ii) the visual analogue scale (VAS) which measures happiness on a scale from 0 to 10 (0=completely unhappy and 10=completely happy)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146465/more-than-blindsight-case-report-of-a-child-with-extraordinary-visual-capacity-following-perinatal-bilateral-occipital-lobe-injury
#18
Inaki-Carril Mundinano, Juan Chen, Mitchell de Souza, Marc G Sarossy, Marc F Joanisse, Melvyn A Goodale, James A Bourne
Injury to the primary visual cortex (V1, striate cortex) and the geniculostriate pathway in adults results in cortical blindness, abolishing conscious visual perception. Early studies by Larry Weiskrantz and colleagues demonstrated that some patients with an occipital-lobe injury exhibited a degree of unconscious vision and visually-guided behaviour within the blind field. A more recent focus has been the observed phenomenon whereby early-life injury to V1 often results in the preservation of visual perception in both monkeys and humans...
November 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145940/happy-classes-make-happy-students-classmates-well-being-predicts-individual-student-well-being
#19
Ronnel B King, Jesus Alfonso Datu
Student well-being has mostly been studied as an individual phenomenon with little research investigating how the well-being of one's classmates could influence a student's well-being. The aim of the current study was to examine how the aggregate well-being of students who comprise a class could predict students' subsequent well-being (Time 2 well-being) after controlling for the effects of prior well-being (Time 1 well-being) as well as key demographic variables such as gender and age. Two studies among Filipino secondary school students were conducted...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144224/violence-exposure-and-neural-systems-underlying-working-memory-for-emotional-stimuli-in-youth
#20
Jessica L Jenness, Maya L Rosen, Kelly A Sambrook, Meg J Dennison, Hilary K Lambert, Margaret A Sheridan, Katie A McLaughlin
Violence exposure during childhood is common and associated with poor cognitive and academic functioning. However, little is known about how violence exposure influences cognitive processes that might contribute to these disparities, such as working memory, or their neural underpinnings, particularly for cognitive processes that occur in emotionally salient contexts. We address this gap in a sample of 54 participants aged 8 to 19 years (50% female), half with exposure to interpersonal violence. Participants completed a delayed match to sample task for emotional faces while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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