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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239994/effects-of-judo-training-on-bones-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Simone Ciaccioni, Giancarlo Condello, Flavia Guidotti, Laura Capranica
The aim of this study was to provide a systematic literature review on the osteogenic effects of judo (PROSPERO: CRD42016041803). The online search was conducted according to the inclusion criteria: observational studies and clinical/interventional trials in English from inception to June 2016; bone health, mineral density (BMD), diameters, impact force and turnover markers (BTM) outcomes. Thirty-four studies were included and graded for their methodological quality ("fair" quality: 79.4%). The most used assessment method (44...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239746/stepping-reaction-time-and-gait-adaptability-are-significantly-impaired-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-implications-for-fall-risk
#2
Maria Joana D Caetano, Stephen R Lord, Natalie E Allen, Matthew A Brodie, Jooeun Song, Serene S Paul, Colleen G Canning, Jasmine C Menant
BACKGROUND: Decline in the ability to take effective steps and to adapt gait, particularly under challenging conditions, may be important reasons why people with Parkinson's disease (PD) have an increased risk of falling. This study aimed to determine the extent of stepping and gait adaptability impairments in PD individuals as well as their associations with PD symptoms, cognitive function and previous falls. METHODS: Thirty-three older people with PD and 33 controls were assessed in choice stepping reaction time, Stroop stepping and gait adaptability tests; measurements identified as fall risk factors in older adults...
November 22, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239009/falls-in-older-adults-with-multiple-myeloma
#3
Tanya M Wildes, Mark A Fiala
To examine the prevalence of falls, factors associated with falls and the relationship between falls and survival in older adults with multiple myeloma METHODS: In an analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (MHOS) linked database, we examined 405 older adults with MM and 513 matched non-cancer controls. The primary outcome was self-reported within the past 12 months. Age, race, gender, symptoms and comorbidities were self-reported in the MHOS. Survival was calculated from SEER data RESULTS: Of the patients with MM, 171 were within 1 year of diagnosis (cohort 1) and 234 were ≥1 year post-diagnosis (cohort 2)...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238177/the-mediating-role-of-psychological-symptoms-on-falls-risk-among-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#4
Sumaiyah Mat, Chin Teck Ng, Farhana Fadzil, Faizatul Izza Rozalli, Maw Pin Tan
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of fear of falling (FoF) and psychological symptoms in explaining the relationship between osteoarthritis (OA) symptom severity and falls. Individuals aged ≥65 years with ≥2 falls or ≥1 injurious fall over the past 12 months were included in the falls group, while volunteers aged ≥65 years with no history of falls over 12 months were recruited as controls. The presence of lower extremity OA was determined radiologically and clinically. Severity of symptoms was assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234301/balance-screening-of-vestibular-function-in-subjects-aged-4-years-and-older-a-living-laboratory-experience
#5
María Carolina Bermúdez Rey, Torin K Clark, Daniel M Merfeld
To better understand the various individual factors that contribute to balance and the relation to fall risk, we performed the modified Romberg Test of Standing Balance on Firm and Compliant Support, with 1,174 participants between 4 and 83 years of age. This research was conducted in the Living Laboratory® at the Museum of Science, Boston. We specifically focus on balance test condition 4, in which individuals stand on memory foam with eyes closed, and must rely on their vestibular system; therefore, performance in this balance test condition provides a proxy for vestibular function...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233697/retrospective-analysis-of-471-surgically-treated-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures
#6
Michael Blumer, Sabina Kumalic, Thomas Gander, Martin Lanzer, Claudio Rostetter, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
PURPOSE: Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures are frequent in facial trauma; only fractures of the mandible are more common. Although the frequency of these fractures is geographically consistent, the aetiology differs widely among countries and even regions. Differences in socio-economic status and the ageing population seem to be two causes. This retrospective epidemiological study evaluates patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures at a Swiss university clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 471 patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures in an oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic at a Swiss university hospital between January 2004 and December 2012...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231272/impact-of-fear-of-falling-and-fall-history-on-disability-incidence-among-older-adults-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Keitaro Makino, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVE: Fear of falling (FOF) is a major health problem for older adults, present not just in fallers, but also nonfallers. This study examined the impact of FOF and fall history on disability incidence among community-dwelling older adults from a prospective cohort study. METHODS: A total of 5104 older adults living in community settings participated in baseline assessment and were followed up for about 4 years (median 52 mo, range 49-55 mo). At baseline, participants were assessed the presence of FOF and their fall history, and divided into 4 groups: Fall (-) FOF (-), Fall (+) FOF (-), Fall (-) FOF (+), and Fall (+) FOF (+)...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230667/impact-of-musculoskeletal-pain-on-balance-and-concerns-of-falling-in-mobility-limited-community-dwelling-danes-over-75%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Julie C Kendall, Lars G Hvid, Jan Hartvigsen, Azharuddin Fazalbhoy, Michael F Azari, Mathias Skjødt, Stephen R Robinson, Paolo Caserotti
BACKGROUND: In older adults, musculoskeletal pain is associated with increased concerns of falling, reduced balance and increased occurrence of falls. In younger adults, the intensity of neck pain and low back pain is associated with increased postural sway. It is not known if pain further impairs balance and concerns of falling in mobility-limited older adults, and if so, whether this is associated with different intensities of pain. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether mobility-limited older adults with mild or intense neck pain and/or low back pain have significantly increased postural sway as measured by centre of pressure (COP) changes and concerns of falling compared to those without pain...
December 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229614/does-pride-really-come-before-a-fall-longitudinal-analysis-of-older-english-adults
#9
D McMinn, S J Fergusson, M Daly
OBJECTIVE: To test whether high levels of reported pride are associated with subsequent falls. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) dataset. SETTING: Multi-wave longitudinal sample of non-institutionalised older English adults. PARTICIPANTS: ELSA cohort of 6415 participants at wave 5 (baseline, 2010/11), of whom 4964 were available for follow-up at wave 7 (follow-up, 2014/15)...
December 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228152/effectiveness-of-nutritional-interventions-addressed-to-elderly-persons-umbrella-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
Andrea Poscia, Sonja Milovanovic, Daniele Ignazio La Milia, Mariusz Duplaga, Marcin Grysztar, Francesco Landi, Umberto Moscato, Nicola Magnavita, Agnese Collamati, Walter Ricciardi
Background: The number of Europeans aged over 65 will double between 2010 and 2060, reaching 30% of the European population. Nutrition is emerging as a key element of healthy life since both obesity and malnutrition are established risk factors for morbidity and disability. The aim of this umbrella review (UR) is to summarize the findings of all current systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyzes (MAs) on the effectiveness of nutritional intervention designed to promote healthy aging in older individuals...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227413/the-association-between-body-adiposity-measures-postural-balance-fear-of-falling-and-fall-risk-in-older-community-dwelling-women
#11
Silvia Gonçalves Ricci Neri, André Bonadias Gadelha, Ana Cristina de David, Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira, Marisete Peralta Safons, Anne Tiedemann, Ricardo M Lima
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent investigations demonstrate an association between obesity and the propensity of older adults to fall. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body adiposity measures, postural balance, fear of falling, and risk of falls in older women. METHODS: One hundred forty-seven volunteers took part in this cross-sectional study. Participants underwent body composition assessment using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and had body mass index, waist circumference (WC), and body adiposity index measured...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227252/-mortality-and-morbidity-from-prostate-cancer-in-the-republic-of-kazakhstan-from-2007-to-2016
#12
Е Ospanov, Т Adylkhanov, Sh Tokanova, Yu Semenova, М Dauletyarova, S Bolsynbekova, N Zhumykbaeva
Worldwide, prostate cancer is the second most common male malignancy after lung cancer. However, prostate cancer is less common for the Asian population. We performed statistical analysis of official data on newly diagnosed cases of prostate cancer based on the annual reports of cancer hospitals in the Republic of Kazakhstan for the period of 10 years (2007-2016). We observed an increase in the incidence of prostate cancer among the population of Kazakhstan for the period of 2007-2016, which may be due to the screening program, which started in 2013...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224695/fragility-fractures-their-impact-on-older-people
#13
REVIEW
Lídia Sànchez-Riera, Nicholas Wilson
Osteoporotic fractures, in particular hip and vertebral, are a major health burden worldwide. The majority of these fractures occur in the elderly population, resulting in one of the most important causes of mortality and disability in older ages. Their cost for societies is enormous and is forecast to steadily increase over the coming decades globally. Low bone mineral density (BMD) remains a key preventable risk factor for fractures. Screening and treatment of individuals with high risk of fracture is cost-effective...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224694/chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-and-its-impact-on-older-people
#14
REVIEW
Fiona M Blyth, Naomi Noguchi
Musculoskeletal conditions are the leading cause of disability worldwide and also have a large impact on many other aspects of older people's health such as low physical activity level, poor mobility, frailty, depression, cognitive impairment, falls and poor sleep quality. Clustering of musculoskeletal pain with other pain conditions is also common, and the number of pain sites is an important prognostic factor. While musculoskeletal pain is usually nociceptive in origin, older people with musculoskeletal conditions may also experience neuropathic pain and central pain syndromes...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223594/femoral-neck-fractures-after-removal-of-hardware-in-healed-trochanteric-fractures
#15
REVIEW
Antonio Barquet, Peter V Giannoudis, Andrés Gelink
INTRODUCTION: Hardware removal in healed trochanteric fractures (TF) in the absence of infection or significant mechanical complications is rarely indicated. However, in patients with persistent pain, prominent material and discomfort in the activities of daily living, the implant is eventually removed. Publications of ipsilateral femoral neck fracture after removal of implants from healed trochanteric fractures (FNFARIHTF) just because of pain or discomfort are rare. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature is to report on the eventual risk factors, the mechanisms, the clinical presentation, and frequency, and to pay special emphasis in their prevention...
December 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223194/hospital-confirmed-acute-myocardial-infarction-prehospital-identification-using-the-medical-priority-dispatch-system
#16
Jeff J Clawson, Isabel Gardett, Greg Scott, Conrad Fivaz, Tracey Barron, Meghan Broadbent, Christopher Olola
Introduction Early recognition of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can increase the patient's likelihood of survival. As the first point of contact for patients accessing medical care through emergency services, emergency medical dispatchers (EMDs) represent the earliest potential identification point for AMIs. The objective of the study was to determine how AMI cases were coded and prioritized at the dispatch point, and also to describe the distribution of these cases by patient age and gender. Hypothesis/Problem No studies currently exist that describe the EMD's ability to correctly triage AMIs into Advanced Life Support (ALS) response tiers...
December 10, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223172/association-between-the-use-of-benzodiazepines-and-opioids-with-the-risk-of-falls-and-hip-fractures-in-older-adults
#17
Manuel E Machado-Duque, Juan Pablo Castaño-Montoya, Diego A Medina-Morales, Alejandro Castro-Rodríguez, Alexandra González-Montoya, Jorge E Machado-Alba
BACKGROUND: To determine the association between the use of opioids and benzodiazepines and the risk of falls with hip fracture in populations older than 65 years in Colombia. METHODS: A case-control study with patients older than 65 years with diagnosis of hip fracture. Two controls were obtained per case. The drugs dispensed in the previous 30 days were identified. Sociodemographic, diagnostic, pharmacological (opioids and benzodiazepines), and polypharmacy variables were analyzed...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222667/drug-burden-and-its-association-with-falls-among-older-adults-in-new-zealand-a-national-population-cross-sectional-study
#18
Hamish A Jamieson, Prasad S Nishtala, Richard Scrase, Joanne M Deely, Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Martin J Connolly, Sarah N Hilmer, Darrell R Abernethy, Philip J Schluter
BACKGROUND: Adverse outcomes associated with advanced diseases are often exacerbated by polypharmacy. OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated an association between exposure to anticholinergic and sedative medicines and falls in community-dwelling older people, after controlling for potential confounders. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of a continuously recruited national cohort of community-dwelling New Zealanders aged 65 years and over...
December 8, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221945/the-relationship-of-physical-performance-and-osteoporosis-prevention-with-vitamin-d-in-older-african-americans-poda
#19
Ruban Dhaliwal, Mageda Mikhail, Gianina Usera, Alexandra Stolberg, Shahidul Islam, Louis Ragolia, John F Aloia
RATIONALE: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with bone loss, poor muscle strength, falls and fracture. This information in older African Americans (AAs) is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The study of the relationship of Physical performance, Osteoporosis prevention with vitamin D in older African Americans (PODA) is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 3-year trial examining the effect of vitamin D on bone loss and physical performance in older AA women. METHODS: 260 healthy AA women aged >60years were assigned to receive placebo or vitamin D3...
December 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220420/fear-of-falling-predicts-incidence-of-functional-disability-two-years-later-a-perspective-from-an-international-cohort-study
#20
Mohammad Auais, Simon French, Beatriz Alvarado, Catherine Pirkle, Emmanuelle Belanger, Jack Guralnik
Objective: To study the extent to which fear of falling (FOF) is associated with the onset of functional disability over a 2-year period in older adults using self-reported and performance-based measures. Methods: In 2012, 1,601 participants (aged 65-74) were recruited from four sites: Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe, Canada; Manizales, Colombia; and Natal, Brazil. They were re-assessed in 2014. We quantified FOF using the Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I; range: 16-64)...
December 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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