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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820730/knowledge-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-its-control-practices-among-dental-students-in-an-indian-city
#1
Vishal Khandelwal, Sushma Khandelwal, Neetu Gupta, Ullal Anand Nayak, Namrata Kulshreshtha, Sudhindra Baliga
Background Hepatitis B virus infection is a general cause of chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepato-cellular carcinoma worldwide. It is highly contagious. It is an important reason for morbidity and mortality in the Indian population. Oral health professionals are at the highest risk. Vaccination for hepatitis B can prevent this deadly disease. Methods The present study was designed to evaluate the degree of awareness, knowledge of hepatitis B infection and status of hepatitis B vaccination among dental students...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#2
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810082/therapeutic-monoclonal-antibodies-and-clinical-laboratory-tests-when-why-and-what-is-expected
#3
Zhanhu Zhang, Wenjie Hu, Linlin Li, Hongxia Ding, Haibo Li
BACKGROUND: We herein provide an overview of the clinical laboratory tests that should be performed before, during and after using therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and the clinical laboratory tests that may be affected by mAbs. METHODS: The labels of FDA-approved therapeutic mAbs were downloaded from DailyMed (the official website for drug labels) and were used as the sources of data for this review. RESULTS: It was found that most of the labels provided information relevant to the clinical laboratory tests, including the tests needed before mAbs treatment to check the patients' background status and to identify potentially sensitive patients, the tests needed during or after the treatment to evaluate the patients' response, and the mAbs that may lead to false positive or negative results for clinical laboratory tests...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806407/low-fermentable-oligosaccharides-disaccharides-monosaccharides-and-polyols-fodmap-diet-improves-symptoms-in-adults-suffering-from-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs-compared-to-standard-ibs-diet-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-studies
#4
Péter Varjú, Nelli Farkas, Péter Hegyi, András Garami, Imre Szabó, Anita Illés, Margit Solymár, Áron Vincze, Márta Balaskó, Gabriella Pár, Judit Bajor, Ákos Szűcs, Orsolya Huszár, Dániel Pécsi, József Czimmer
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional digestive tract disorders, e.g. functional bloating, carbohydrate maldigestion and intolerances, are very common disorders frequently causing significant symptoms that challenge health care systems. A low Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols (FODMAP) diet is one of the possible therapeutic approaches for decreasing abdominal symptoms and improving quality of life. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to meta-analyze data on the therapeutic effect of a low-FODMAP diet on symptoms of IBS and quality of life and compare its effectiveness to a regular, standard IBS diet with high FODMAP content, using a common scoring system, the IBS Symptom Severity Score (IBS-SSS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805535/if-when-and-how-to-discuss-available-abortion-services-in-the-primary-care-setting
#5
Megan Hatcher, Carie Muntifering Cox, Grace Shih
Many women prefer to receive abortion care with their primary care provider; yet, prior studies have suggested that women do not know or assume that their provider does not offer abortion care. Our objective was to explore if, when, and how women wish to be informed of available abortion services at their primary care clinics. We conducted interviews with 21 women at their primary care site during June-July 2014. Vignettes were used to identify clinic visit types in which information regarding abortion services would be welcome, and appropriate and inappropriate ways for providers to inform patients of these services...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804974/rome-iii-vs-rome-iv-criteria-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-in-a-large-cohort-study
#6
L Vork, Z Z R M Weerts, Z Mujagic, J W Kruimel, M A M Hesselink, J W M Muris, D Keszthelyi, D M A E Jonkers, A A M Masclee
BACKGROUND: The Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have been revised and are expected to apply only to the subset of Rome III IBS subjects with abdominal pain as predominant symptom, occurring at least once a week. The aim of this study was to determine the percentage of Rome III IBS subjects that fulfills Rome IV criteria and to evaluate differences between Rome IV-positive and Rome IV-negative subjects. METHODS: Four hundred and four Rome III IBS subjects completed a 14-day end-of-day symptom diary, the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and RAND 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)...
August 14, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804787/burden-of-paediatric-respiratory-syncytial-virus-disease-and-potential-effect-of-different-immunisation-strategies-a-modelling-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-for-england
#7
Deborah Cromer, Albert Jan van Hoek, Anthony T Newall, Andrew J Pollard, Mark Jit
BACKGROUND: Vaccines and prophylactic antibodies against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are in development and likely to be available in the next 5-10 years. The most efficient way to use these products when they become available is an important consideration for public health decision makers. METHODS: We performed a multivariate regression analysis to estimate the burden of RSV in children younger than 5 years in England (UK), a representative high-income temperate country, and used these results to assess the potential effect of different RSV immunisation strategies (targeting vaccination for infants, or pregnant women, or prophylactic antibodies for neonates)...
August 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801054/-without-bodily-autonomy-we-are-not-free-exploring-women-s-concerns-about-future-access-to-contraception-following-the-2016u-s-presidential-election
#8
Colleen P Judge, Tierney E Wolgemuth, Megan E Hamm, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: Following the 2016U.S. Presidential Election, social media posts and news stories amplified concerns about the potential for reduced access to contraception under the incoming administration, and urged women to seek long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). We aimed to describe women's concerns about future access to contraception, in their own words. STUDY DESIGN: A social-media based, anonymous online survey assessing thoughts and concerns about future access to contraception was distributed to reproductive-aged U...
August 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801052/accompaniment-of-second-trimester-abortions-the-model-of-the-feminist-socorrista-network-of-argentina
#9
Ruth Zurbriggen, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Caitlin Gerdts
OBJECTIVE: Legal restrictions on abortion access impact the safety and timing of abortion. Women affected by these laws face barriers to safe care that often result in abortion being delayed. Second-trimester abortion affects vulnerable groups of women disproportionately, and is often more difficult to access. In Argentina, where abortion is legally restricted except in cases of rape or threat to the health of the woman, the Socorristas en Red, a feminist network, offers a model of accompaniment wherein they provide information and support to women seeking second-trimester abortions...
August 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797497/reaching-hepatitis-c-virus-elimination-targets-requires-health-system-interventions-to-enhance-the-care-cascade
#10
Nick Scott, Joseph S Doyle, David P Wilson, Amanda Wade, Jess Howell, Alisa Pedrana, Alexander Thompson, Margaret E Hellard
BACKGROUND: Modelling suggests that achieving the World Health Organization's elimination targets for hepatitis C virus (HCV) is possible by scaling up use of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy. However, poor linkage to health services and retention in care presents a major barrier, in particular among people who inject drugs (PWID). We identify and assess the cost-effectiveness of additional health system interventions required to achieve HCV elimination targets in Australia, a setting where all people living with HCV have access to DAA therapy...
August 7, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795667/-predictive-value-of-sofa-qsofa-score-and-traditional-evaluation-index-on-sepsis-prognosis
#11
Ying Wang, Difen Wang, Jiangquan Fu, Ying Liu
OBJECTIVE: Assess the value of several biomarkers and disease severity scores for the prognostic assessment of sepsis. METHODS: The clinical data of adult patients, who met the diagnostic criteria for Sepsis-3 and admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into survival group and death group. The levels of serum lactate (Lac), lactate clearance rate of 24 hours later (24 h LCR), procalcitonin (PCT), quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) score, SOFA score, simplified acute physiology score II (SAPS II), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation scoring system II (APACHE II) score were determined, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) were used to analyze the prognostic value of the indicators above...
August 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794660/a-renal-colic-fast-track-pathway-to-improve-waiting-times-and-outcomes-for-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#12
Omar Al Kadhi, Kate Manley, Madhavi Natarajan, Valmiki Lutchmedial, Abbi Forsyth, Kate Tabrett, Jonathan Betteridge, William Finch, Heinrich Hollis
INTRODUCTION: Renal colic is commonly encountered in the emergency department (ED). We validated a fast track renal colic (FTRC) initiative to decrease patient waiting times and streamline patient flow. METHOD: The FTRC pathway was devised according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence clinical summary criteria for the management of patients with suspected renal colic. ED triage nurses use the pathway to identify patients with likely renal colic suitable for fast track to analgesia, investigation and management...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793091/-maltreatment-and-discrimination-in-induced-abortion-care-perception-of-women-in-teresina-state-of-piau%C3%A3-brazil
#13
Alberto Pereira Madeiro, Andréa Cronemberger Rufino
Treatment of complications resulting from induced abortion may be hampered by discriminatory attitudes manifested by healthcare professionals in hospitals and abortion services. This article retrieved stories of institutional abuse directed at women who had an induced abortion in illegal and unsafe conditions. Seventy-eight women admitted to a public hospital in Teresina for complications after an induced abortion were interviewed. A semi-structured script was used with questions about practices and itineraries of abortion and institutional violence during hospitalization...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792688/uncritical-request-of-thyroid-laboratory-tests-may-result-in-a-major-societal-economic-burden-results-from-a-large-population-study-in-spain
#14
Maria Salinas, Maite Lopez-Garrigos, Emilio Flores, Carlos Leiva-Salinas
BACKGROUND: Our aim is to study the regional variability in the request of thyroid laboratory tests from primary care facilities in Spain and to investigate a potential inappropriate request and its economic societal impact. METHODS: Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities (AACCs) which are in turn divided in Health Departments that cover a geographic area and its population and a laboratory that attends the needs of every inhabitant. Each participating laboratory was required to report the number of thyroid tests requested from primary care during year 2014 and to provide organizational data...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792608/an-exploration-of-co-parenting-in-the-context-of-caring-for-a-child-prenatally-diagnosed-and-born-with-a-complex-health-condition
#15
Anne Chevalier Mckechnie, Jamie Rogstad, Katherine M Martin, Karen F Pridham
AIM: To describe co-parenting communication in couples in the context of caregiving for children prenatally diagnosed and born with complex health conditions. BACKGROUND: Fetal diagnosis of complex health conditions such as heart, central nervous system, or abdominal anomalies are confirmed more often than ever before. Following diagnosis, parents face challenges beginning before birth. The quality of co-parenting, when two individuals relate to each other as parents and share parental responsibilities, can have an impact on child health and development...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782660/evaluation-and-management-of-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#16
Rula V Kanj, Nana Ama Ofei-Tenkorang, Mekibib Altaye, Catherine M Gordon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical features associated with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and collect data on the evaluation and treatment received. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. Data abstracted on etiology of POI, history, laboratory evaluation, imaging results, return for clinical care, and treatment plans. SETTING: Urban children's hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio. PARTICIPANT: s: 50 females, age 11-26 years, with initial presentation of POI between January 1, 2006-December 31, 2015...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782604/first-serological-evidence-of-crimean-congo-haemorrhagic-fever-in-febrile-patients-in-mozambique
#17
Argentina Felisbela Muianga, Robert Watson, Anitha Varghese, Inocencio Salvador Chongo, Sadia Ali, Vanessa Monteiro, Flora Inalda, Imelda Chelene, Virgilio António, Roger Hewson, Eduardo Samo Gudo
OBJECTIVE: Despite its geographical spread, the epidemiology of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Sub-Saharan Africa is incompletely understood and its occurrence in Mozambique is unknown. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating the occurrence of CCHF virus (CCHFV) among febrile patients attending an outpatient appointment clinic at three separate primary health care centres in Mozambique. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from a total of 300 febrile patients aged >5 years who were recruited between March 2015 and March 2016 at three health centres in Mozambique...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781299/an-analysis-of-emergency-department-visits-and-the-survival-rate-for-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#18
Pei-Ling Tang, Hong-Tai Chang, Chin-Chang Cheng, Hung-Chih Chen, Shyh-Ming Kuo, Kuan-Yin Hsiao, Kuo-Chen Chang
Objective We examined the general characteristics, survival rate, and most common reasons for visiting the emergency department (ED) among colorectal cancer patients in Taiwan. We performed a population-based retrospective study and used data sourced from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). Methods The colorectal cancer patient population, their diagnosis, and their medical management at the ED were identified using the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 (HV) codes and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification system...
August 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780975/short-term-and-long-term-results-of-endovascular-and-open-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-in-germany
#19
Christian-Alexander Behrendt, Art Sedrakyan, Henrik Christian Rieß, Franziska Heidemann, Tilo Kölbel, Jörg Petersen, Eike Sebastian Debus
BACKGROUND: Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has emerged as a standard of care for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. However, real-world evidence to compare this technology to open aortic repair (OAR) is limited. Major gaps exist related to long-term outcomes of therapies worldwide. METHODS: Health insurance claims data of Germany's third largest insurance provider, DAK-Gesundheit, were used to determine outcomes after interventions for intact AAA (iAAA) and ruptured AAA (rAAA)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780239/-it-is-just-like-having-a-period-with-back-pain-exploring-women-s-experiences-with-community-based-distribution-of-misoprostol-for-early-abortion-on-the-thailand-burma-border
#20
Ellen Tousaw, Sweet Naw Hser Gay Moo, Grady Arnott, Angel M Foster
INTRODUCTION: The lack of economic development and longstanding conflict in Burma have led to mass population displacement. Unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion are common and contribute to maternal death and disability. In 2011, stakeholders operating along the Thailand-Burma border established a community-based distribution program of misoprostol for early abortion, with the aim of providing safe and free abortion care in this low-resource and legally-restricted setting. METHODS: We conducted 16 in-depth, in-person interviews with women from Burma residing on both sides of the border who accessed misoprostol through the community-based distribution initiative...
August 3, 2017: Contraception
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