keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health care ab

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922959/compliance-to-the-primary-health-care-treatment-guidelines-and-the-essential-medicines-list-in-the-management-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-correctional-centres-in-south-africa-findings-and-implications
#1
Tammy B Matsitse, Elvera Helberg, Johanna C Meyer, Brian Godman, Amos Massele, Natalie Schellack
BACKGROUND: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global concern and a growing health crisis. Additionally, evidence has shown that non-compliance to treatment guidelines, especially in the management of communicable diseases such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), has the potential of further enhancing AMR rates. Data on the extent of these challenges in Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities in correctional centres in South Africa (SA) is limited. Hence this study was conducted to determine the level of compliance with the 2008 PHC Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Medicines List (PHC STGs/EML) in the management of STIs, and to identify potential factors contributing to the compliance and non-compliance to guide future strategies...
September 19, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921458/pharmacogenetics-and-pharmacogenomics-in-moderate-to-severe-psoriasis
#2
REVIEW
María C Ovejero-Benito, Ester Muñoz-Aceituno, Alejandra Reolid, Miriam Saiz-Rodríguez, Francisco Abad-Santos, Esteban Daudén
Pharmacogenetics is the study of variations in DNA sequence related to drug response. Moreover, the evolution of biotechnology and the sequencing of human DNA have allowed the creation of pharmacogenomics, a branch of genetics that analyzes human genes, the RNAs and proteins encoded by them, and the inter-and intra-individual variations in expression and function in relation to drug response. Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics are being used to search for biomarkers that can predict response to systemic treatments, including those for moderate-to-severe psoriasis...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919435/ultrasensitive-and-rapid-immuno-detection-of-human-ige-anti-therapeutic-horse-sera-using-an-electrochemical-immunosensor
#3
Isis C Prado, André L A Souza, David W Provance-Jr, Ricardo J Cassella, Salvatore G De-Simone
Antivenom allergy disease mediated by patient IgE is an important public health care concern. To improve detection of hypersensitive individuals prior to passive antibody therapy, an amperometric immunosensor was developed to detect reactive human IgE. Whole horse IgG3 (hoIgG3) was immobilized onto the surface of carbon or gold screen-printed electrodes through a cross-linking solution of glutaraldehyde on a chitosan film. Sera from persons with a known allergic response to hoIgG3 or non-allergic individuals was applied to the sensor...
September 14, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915157/abortion-in-the-media
#4
Jennifer A Conti, Erica Cahill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review updates in how abortion care is depicted and analysed though various media outlets: news, television, film, and social media. RECENT FINDINGS: A surge in recent media-related abortion research has recognized several notable and emerging themes: abortion in the news media is often inappropriately sourced and politically motivated; abortion portrayal in US film and television is frequently misrepresented; and social media has a new and significant role in abortion advocacy...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915100/promotion-of-immunizations-for-health-professionals-in-europe-a-qualitative-study-in-seven-european-member-states
#5
Archontoula Dalma, Pania Karnaki, Agoritsa Baka, Vasilios Raftopoulos, Dina Zota, Afroditi Veloudaki, Amanda Garrison, Paloma Ellis Montalban, Zainub Dhanani, Athena Linos
Health Care Workers (HCWs) are a high-risk group for contracting Vaccine-Preventable Diseases who, despite legislation and guidance, remain undervaccinated. In order to understand their barriers and needs, focus groups were formed with 278 physicians, nurses, infection-control personnel, and policy-makers in 7 EU MS. Several implications for the development of promotional initiatives were identified including the need to overcome organizational barriers, to sensitize HCWs about the importance of immunization and to provide specific up-to-date information about vaccinations covering prevalence of diseases, protection years, side effects, administration times, antibody examinations, costs and immunization settings...
September 15, 2017: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914178/-you-just-have-to-learn-to-keep-moving-on-young-women-s-experiences-with-unplanned-pregnancy-in-the-cook-islands
#6
Ashley L White, Emily S Mann, Fiona Larkan
The Cook Islands is one of several countries in the Pacific region that has high rates of teenage pregnancy and birth. While the social determinants of pregnancy and early motherhood are well established in the global context, little is known about how Cook Islands young women who become pregnant before age 20 make sense of their experiences. Drawing on individual interviews with a purposive sample of 10 young mothers, this paper examines the phenomenology of early pregnancy from their perspectives. Structural, cultural and individual factors emerged as salient themes in participants' accounts...
September 15, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914121/evidence-based-recommendations-to-improve-reproductive-healthcare-for-incarcerated-women
#7
Andrea Knittel, Angeline Ti, Sarah Schear, Megan Comfort
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe standards for evidence-based reproductive healthcare for incarcerated women. Design/methodology/approach The literature on reproductive healthcare in the US criminal justice system and recommendations from professional organizations were reviewed and critical areas of concern were identified. Within these areas, studies and expert opinion were synthesized and policy recommendations were formulated through an iterative process of group discussion and document revision...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905259/unintended-pregnancy-induced-abortion-and-mental-health
#8
REVIEW
Sarah Horvath, Courtney A Schreiber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The early medical literature on mental health outcomes following abortion is fraught with methodological flaws that can improperly influence clinical practice. Our goal is to review the current medical literature on depression and other mental health outcomes for women obtaining abortions. RECENT FINDINGS: The Turnaway Study prospectively enrolled 956 women seeking abortion in the USA and followed their mental health outcomes for 5 years. The control group was comprised of women denied abortions based on gestational age limits, thereby circumventing the major methodological flaw that had plagued earlier studies on the topic...
September 14, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904181/progress-and-challenges-towards-point-of-care-diagnostic-development-for-dengue
#9
Junxiong Pang, Po Ying Chia, David C Lye, Yee Sin Leo
Dengue detection strategies involve viral RNA, antigen and/or antibody detection. Each strategy has its advantages and disadvantages. Optimal, user-friendly and rapid diagnostic tests based on immunochromatographic assays are pragmatic point-of-care-test (POCT) in dengue endemic regions where there are limited laboratory capabilities and optimal storage conditions. Increasingly, there is a greater public health significance for multiplexing assay to differentiate dengue from Zika or pathogens with similar clinical presentations...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903797/prevalence-of-anti-hepatitis-b-surface-antibodies-among-children-and-adolescents-vaccinated-in-infancy-and-effect-of-booster-dose-administered-within-a-pilot-study
#10
R Bassal, M P Markovich, M Weil, E Shinar, Y Carmeli, M Dan, D Sofer, E Mendelson, D Cohen, T Shohat
We determined the prevalence of anti-hepatitis B surface antibodies (anti-HBs) among children and adolescents vaccinated for hepatitis B virus in infancy as part of the routine vaccination programme. A representative serum sample of the Israeli population age 0-19 was tested. In a separate pilot study, a booster dose of hepatitis B vaccine was administered to 31 candidates for national service, who were fully vaccinated in infancy and tested negative for hepatitis B surface antibodies at age 17-19 years and anti-HBs antibodies were assessed 8 weeks later...
September 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#11
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894539/prevalence-risk-factors-and-character-of-abdominal-hernia-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia-in-2017
#12
Abdulmajeed AhmedAlenazi, Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Malik Azhar Hussain, Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Shouq Amjad Almadani, Nour Homoud Alanazi, Jazzaa Hammad Alshammari, Alwaleed Oqab Altimyat, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernias are a very common surgical condition affecting all ages and both sexes. The main risk factors of hernias include pregnancy, weight lifting, constipation, and weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of abdominal hernias, their causes, treatment and complications among both sexes of the Arar population (Saudi Arabia). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,567 adults living in Arar city in 2017...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893876/recommendations-on-screening-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-primary-care
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893550/specificity-of-two-hiv-screening-tests-detecting-simultaneously-hiv-1-p24-antigen-and-antibodies-to-hiv-1-and-2
#14
Annette Blaich, Andreas Buser, Marcel Stöckle, Christian Gehringer, Hans H Hirsch, Manuel Battegay, Thomas Klimkait, Reno Frei
This study aimed at assessing the specificity of the Elecsys(®) HIV combi PT in comparison to the ARCHITECT(®) HIV Ag/Ab Combo. With both of these assays, 3997 unselected sera from patients of a tertiary health care centre in Basel, Switzerland, were screened for HIV. Reactive sera were reanalysed on the VIDAS(®) HIV Duo Ultra to identify false-reactive specimens prior to confirmation by quantitative PCR and line immunoassay. The Elecsys(®) compared to the ARCHITECT(®) shows a similar specificity (99.7% versus 99...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893101/improving-hepatitis-c-identification-technology-alone-is-not-the-answer
#15
Bruce Nitsche, Sara C Miller, Margaret Giorgio, Carolyn A Berry, Andrew Muir
An estimated 3 to 5 million Americans are chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), and approximately 75% of those persons were born between 1945 and 1965 (the so-called baby boomer generation). Because of the largely asymptomatic nature of HCV, up to 50% of those infected are unaware of their disease. Risk-based testing has been largely ineffective. Based on prevalence data, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other organizations recommend a onetime HCV antibody test for all baby boomers...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891156/overcoming-pre-existing-alloantibody-in-renal-transplantation-improving-outcomes-while-reducing-need-and-cost
#16
EDITORIAL
A Bentall, Solomon Shlomo J Cohney
In this week's journal, Axelrod and colleagues examine costs incurred by various US centers undertaking Incompatible Live-Donor Kidney Transplantation (ILDKT) - living donor renal transplantation in the presence of preformed antibody (ies) directed against donor HLA (DSAb) [1]. As expected, cost increased as the immunological barrier intensified (as defined by solid phase and cell based assays). While certain aspects of cost recovery are specific to US health care, effectively managing humoral allo-immunity is important to all transplant clinicians, with little progress despite nearly 2 decades of ILDKT [2, 3]...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890784/first-record-of-locally-acquired-human-babesiosis-in-canada-caused-by-babesia-duncani-a-case-report
#17
John D Scott
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this clinical assessment was to ascertain whether a 70-year-old Canadian patient, who had no history of out-of-country travel, had contracted a Babesia infection. METHODS: The adult human male developed constitutional symptoms, which included sweats, chills, and immobilizing fatigue, and was screened for human babesiosis. Subsequent testing included a complete Babesia panel that consisted of B. microti immunoflourescent antibody IgM and IgG, B...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889146/celiac-disease-in-saudi-children-evaluation-of-clinical-features-and-diagnosis
#18
Anjum Saeed, Asaad Assiri, Hebah Assiri, Anhar Ullah, Mohsin Rashid
 Objectives: To characterize the clinical presentations and diagnosis including serological tests and histopathological findings in children with celiac disease. Methods: All children (less than 18 years) with confirmed celiac disease diagnosed over a 6 year period at a private tertiary care health care center in Riyadh,  Saudi Arabia were studied retrospectively. Information collected included demographics, clinical presentation and diagnostic modalities with serology and small intestinal histology reported by Marsh grading...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887737/child-with-vomiting
#19
REVIEW
Madhusudan Samprathi, Muralidharan Jayashree
Vomiting is a common problem in children for which parents seek health care consultation. It has a varied etiology encompassing many organ systems, ranging from a benign physiological behavior to a life-threatening systemic disease. Most often, it is benign and self-limiting. Infections within and outside the gastrointestinal tract are the commonest causes. A good history and meticulous physical examination can discern the cause and help in delineating the benign cause from the sinister. Red flags include unstable vital signs, acidotic breathing, presence of bile or blood stained vomitus, features of gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction, encephalopathy and papilledema...
September 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887186/to-test-or-not-to-test-laboratory-support-for-the-diagnosis-of-lyme-borreliosis
#20
REVIEW
Ram B Dessau, Alje P van Dam, Volker Fingerle, Jeremy Gray, Joppe Hovius, Klaus-Peter Hunfeld, Benoit Jaulhac, Olaf Kahl, Wolfgang Kristoferitsch, Per-Eric Lindgren, Mateusz Markowicz, Sally Mavin, Katharina Ornstein, Tobias Rupprecht, Gerold Stanek, Franc Strle
BACKGROUND: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a tick-borne infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. The most frequent clinical manifestations are erythema migrans and Lyme neuroborreliosis. Currently, a large volume of diagnostic testing for Lyme borreliosis is reported, whereas the incidence of clinically relevant disease manifestations is low. This indicates overuse of diagnostic testing for LB with implications for patient care and cost effective health management. AIM: The recommendations provided in this review are intended to support both the clinical diagnosis and initiatives for a more rational use of laboratory testing in patients with clinically suspected Lyme borreliosis...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
keyword
keyword
73444
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"